Tweleve Forms Of Surya,Sun God Hinduism


Surya, the Sun God  is one of the most revered in Hinduism.

Lord Surya.Image.
Lord Surya.

So much so that Adi Shankaracharya classified the worship of Surya as Sauram along with Ganapathyam,Kaumaram,Shaivam,Saaktham and Vaishnavam.

The foremost duty of a Hindu is the performance of Sanshyavandana.

The God addressed to and the Argya, the offering of water is to Surya.

He is described as the Visible Reality,Brahman.

‘Namas Savitre, Jadadeka Chakshushe,

Jagat Prasoothi Sthithi Naasa Hetave,

Thrayee Mayaya Thrigunathma Dharine,

Virinchi Narayana Sankarathmane’

Lord Krishna says He is Vishnu among the Adhityas.

‘Adhityanaa Aham Vishnu’

Surya is the axis on which the Universe rests and moves.

Surya’s Sisumara Chakra explains the Universe and the movement of Sun and Galaxies

Surya Siddhanta explains this.

Surya assumes different names  for different months.

They are,

The 12 Adityas

Ruling Month

Solar Month

Lunar Month
1

Dhata

March – April

Madhu

Chaitra

2

Aryama

April – May

Madhava

Vaishakha

3

Mitra

May – June

Shukra

Jyeshtha

4

Varuna

June – July

Suchi

Ashadha

5

Indra

July – August

Nabhas

Shravana

6

Vivasvan

Aug – Sept

Nabhasya

Bhadrapada

7

Tvashtha

Sept – Oct

Isha

Ashvina

8

Vishnu

Oct – Nov

Urja

Karttika

9

Amshuman

Nov – Dec

Sahas

Margasirsha

10

Bhaga

Dec – Jan

Sahasya

Pushya

11

Pusha

Jan – Feb

Tapas

Magha

12

Parjanja

Feb – March

Tapasya

Phalguna

47-48. While the sages glorify the sun-god with the hymns of the Sama-, Rig- and Yajur Vedas, which reveal his identity, the Gandharvas also sing his praises and the Apsaras dance before his chariot. The Nagas arrange the chariot ropes and the Yaksas harness the horses to the chariot, while the powerful Raksasas push from behind.

49. Facing the chariot, the sixty thousand brahmana sages known as Valakhilyas travel in front and offer prayers to the almighty sun-god with Vedic mantras.

46. Thus, throughout the twelve months, the lord of the sun travels in all directions with his six types of associates, disseminating among the inhabitants of this universe purity of consciousness for both this life and the next.

45. All these personalities are the opulent expansions of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vishnu, in the form of the sun-god. These deities take away all the sinful reactions of those who remember them each day at dawn and sunset. -Bhagavatha Purana.

The Twelve Suns.

. In different Puranas their names are given differently.

Brahma once recounted to the sages the one hundred and eight sacred names of Surya. The Brahma Purana lists these names.

Here are the nine groups of twelve names each.

(1) Surya, Archana, Bhagavana, Tvashta, Pusha, Arka, Savita, Ravi, Gabhastimana, Aja, Kala, Mrityu.
(2) Dhata, Prabhakara, Prithivi, Jala, Teja, Akasha, Vayu, Parayana, Soma, Brihaspati, Shukra, Budha.
(3) Angaraka, Indra, Vivasvana, Diptamshu, Shuchi, Shouri,Shanaishvara, Brahma, Vishu, Rudra, Skanda, Vaishravana.
(4) Yama, Vaidyuta, Jathara, Agni, Aindhana, Tejohapti, Dharmadhvaja, Vedakarta, Vedanga, Vedavahana, Krita, Treta.
(5) Dvapara, Kali, Sarvasurashraya, Kala, Kashtha, Muhurta, Kshapa, Yama, Kshana, Samvatsara, Ashvattha, Kalachakra.
(6) Vibhavasu, Shashvata, Purusha, Yogi, Vyaktavyakta, Sanatana, Kaladhyaksha, Prajadhyaksha, Vishvakarma, Tamonuda, Varuna, Sagara.
(7) Amsha, Jimuta, Jivana, Ariha, Bhutashraya, Bhutapati, Sarvalokanamaskrita, Shrashta, Samvartaka, Vahni, Sarvadi, Alolupa.
(8) Anata, Kapila, Bhanu, Kamada, Sarvotamukha, Jaya, Vishala, Varada, Sarvabhutasevita, Mana, Suparna, Bhutadi.
(9) Shighraga, Pranadharana, Dhanvantari, Dhumaketu, Adideva, Aditinandana, Dvadashatma, Ravi, Daksha, Pita, Mata, Pitamaha.

“All these personalities are the opulent expansions of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Visnu, in the form of the sun-god. These deities take away all the sinful reactions of those who remember them each day at dawn and sunset.” (Srimad Bhagavatam 12.11.45)

Citation.

http://www.harekrsna.de/surya/12adityas.htm

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s