Upanishad means “sitting near by’
This is the part of The Vedas, the unwritten Scripture of the Hindus, over 5000(Five Thousand) years old and transmitted by oral tradition, that contains the enquiry into the Nature of the World where were We, where we are and Where do We Go from Here’
It is a Philosophical treatise that has to be practiced.
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Please read my posts on Vedas filed under Hinduism/Indian Philosophy for more details.
Thee Upanishads are called the end of all The Veda, Vedanta.
They are 108.
- 10 upaniṣads are associated with the Rigveda and have the shānti beginning vaṇme-manasi.
- 16 upaniṣads are associated with the Samaveda and have the shānti beginning āpyāyantu.
- 19 upaniṣads are associated with the Shukla Yajurveda and have the shānti beginning pūrṇamada.
- 32 upaniṣads are associated with the Krishna Yajurveda and have the shānti beginning sahanāvavatu.
- 31 upaniṣads are associated with the Atharvaveda and have the shānti beginning bhadram-karṇebhiḥ.
“26-29. But by what means is the Kaivalya kind of Moksha got ? The Mandukya is enough; if knowledge is not got from it, then study the Ten Upanishads. Getting knowledge very soon, you will reach my abode. If certainty is not got even then, study the 32 Upanishads and stop. If desiring Moksha without the body, read the 108 Upanishads. Hear their order-
Translated by Dr. A. G. Krishna Warrier
Published by The Theosophical Publishing House, Chennai
The List of 108 Upanishads.
- Isha Upanishad 
- Kena Upanishad 
- Katha Upanishad 
- Prashna Upanishad 
- Mundaka Upanishad 
- Mandukya Upanishad 
- Taittiriya Upanishad 
- Aitareya Upanishad 
- Chandogya Upanishad 
- Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 
- Brahmopanishad 
- Kaivalyopanishad 
- Jabalopanishad 
- Shvetashvatara Upanishad 
- Amritabindu Upanishad
- Maitrayaniya Upanishad
- Kaushitaki Upanishad
- Tejobindu Upanishad