More Detailed Yoga Jabala Darsana Upanishad


Yoga Sutra of Patanjali,speaks of Eight Limbed Yoga,Ashtanga Yoga.

They are ,

Yama,

Niyama,

Asana,

Pranayama,

Dhyana,

Prtathyaahaara,

Dharana and

Samadhi.

Patanjali is not the founder of Yoga.

He codified the practices of Yoga.

Vedas speak of Yoga very subtly.

The obejective of Human Life is to realize the Self.

This is possible only when one can control and channelize the thoughts in the effort to control Chitta,which exists at a higher level than thoughts.

Patanjali describes ,in the first Sutra of his Yoga Sutra,

‘Yogaha,Chitta vruthi nirodhdha’

The cessation of the modification of Chitta is Yoga,Communion.

For more on this,please read my articles on Yoga Sutra.

By limiting the Thought waves, Consciousness is controlled through Breath Control.

Breath Control is described by Patanjali under Pranayama.

All the steps of Yoga are to be followed in the order described by Patanjali.

I have listed them in the order at the beginning of this article.

Performing Yoga in any other manner,like doing Pranayama or the so called Meditation without going through Yama ,Niyama etc. Is not Yoga.

It might appear to produce results, but would harm,in the long run,physically and spiritually.

Packaged Yoga to suit masses is injurious.

I have written that the effort in Yoga is to control Chitta through these steps of Patanjali.

The process of controlling Chitta direct through Breath control is callled Vaasi Yoga and Lord Shiva was the First to practice it.

The process of Vaasi Yoga is Shiva.

Read Vaasi backwards,it is,Shiva.

Please check my detailed article on this.

There is an Upanishad in the,Sama Veda dedicated to Yoga process.

This was taught bt Lord Dattatreya to Sage Sankrithi.

This is the Jabali Darshana Upanishad.

Jabala Darshana Upanishad, Translation by Sri.P.R.Ramchander.

Om ! Let my limbs and speech, Prana, eyes, ears, vitality
And all the senses grow in strength.
All existence is the Brahman of the Upanishads.
May I never deny Brahman, nor Brahman deny me.
Let there be no denial at all:
Let there be no denial at least from me.
May the virtues that are proclaimed in the Upanishads be in me,
Who am devoted to the Atman; may they reside in me.
Om ! Let there be Peace in me !
Let there be Peace in my environment !
Let there be Peace in the forces that act on me !

God Dattatreya is the reincarnation of the four armed Vishnu and he is the ruler of the world. Sankrithi is a great devotee and a sage and is an expert in yoga and also a disciple of Dattatreya. He approached his teacher (God Dattatreya) with humility and with folded hands, when his teacher was alone and requested him, “Oh God, please tell me about the science of yoga which has eight branches and five different sthanas (places) by knowing which I will attain salvation. Dattatreya told him, “Hey Sankrithi, I shall tell you about Yoga which has eight branches. The eight branches are Yama, Niyama, Aasana, Pranayama, Prathyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi.

Yama which is the first is the practice of non-violence, truth, non possession of properties of others, celibacy, mercy, honesty, patience, stability, food discipline and cleanliness. 1

Niyama is the ten aspects of penance, joy, orthodoxy, charity, worship of god, hearing of philosophy, fear for bad actions, clear intellect, chanting and austerities. 2

The nine important Asanas (sitting positions) are Swasthika (Swastika), Gomukha (cows face), Padma (lotus), Veera (valorous), Simha (lion), Badra (safe), Muktha (free), Mayura (peacock) and Sukha (pleasant). Oh sage, that position, whatever it may be but which makes you comfortable and gives you courage to undertake Yoga is called Sukhasana. People who do not have strength to take up other positions can use that. Victory in the seating position is like victory over the three worlds. Once the Asana is fixed, one should practice Pranayama.  3

Either in the top of the mountain or by the shore of the river or under a Bilwa tree in the forest, after choosing a clean place which is acceptable to the mind and after establishing a place to do tapas (Asram), sit in the Asana which is most familiar facing either east or north. Then sit with the body neck and head in a straight line, cover the face and concentrate the vision with best possible attention on the nectar flowing from the fourth state of the moon like dot at the end of the nose. Draw the air inside using the lungs, store it in the stomach, meditate on the flame of fire inside the body and then shift meditation to the root of fire with its sound and dot. Then the intelligent one will exhale and draw the Prana using Pingala (Nadi which is tawny and is on the right side of Sushumna Nadi) and meditate on the Agni Bheeja. Again he has to exhale and inhale again in the middle using the Ida (Nadi which is pleasant and is on the left side of Sushumna). One should have to live in a secret place practicing this exercise six times for 3-4 days or 3-4 weeks at dawn, noon and dusk. This would help him to clean up the Nadis. Slowly symbols will start showing up. Body will become light, the fire in the stomach will burn well and the voice would become clearer. These are the symbols of Siddhi (getting mastery). Till you see this, you have to practice. 4

Now I will tell you about Prathyahara. To use force and divert the sensory organs which normally travel according to their nature is Prathyahara. Those who know Brahma say that seeing whatever we see as the form of Brahman is Prathyahara. Prathyahara also is doing clean or unclean acts as those belonging to Brhaman. Further doing daily religious activities after dedicating them to God and similarly doing the activities which we desire is also Prathyahara. Apart from this inhaling air (oxygen) and stopping it in different places is also Prathyahara. The wise man would sit in Swasthikasana, draw his breath till it fills up from head to toe and hold it in two feet, mooladhara, stomach, middle of the heart, bottom of the neck, jaw, middle of the eyelids, forehead and at the top of the skull. Then he should leave out the belief that the body is oneself and make that thought as nirvikalpa and merge it with Paramatma. The experts in Vedanta say that this is true Prathyahara. There is nothing that cannot be attained by those who practice like this.  5

Now I will tell you about the five types of Dharana (holding steady – a stage in meditation – here we try to hold on what we are mediating upon without wavering). In the sky which is in the middle of the body, Dharana of the sky outside should be made. Similarly in the breath, Dharana of air outside should be made. In the fire in the stomach, Dharana of the fire outside should be made. In the fluid aspects of the body, Dharana of the water outside should be made. In the earthy aspects of the body, Dharana of the earth outside should be made. Sage, also it is necessary to chant the pancha bhootha mantras viz., Ham, Yam, Ram, Vam and Lam. It is said that this very great Dharana destroys all sins. In the body up to the knee is the aspect of the earth, from there till hip it is the aspect of water, up to the heart is the aspect of fire, up to middle of eyelids is the aspect of air and then up to the middle of the skull is the aspect of the sky. In the aspect of earth Brahma has to be placed, in the aspect of water Vishnu should be placed, in the aspect of fire Rudra should be placed, in the aspect of air Iswara should be placed and in the aspect of sky, the Sadashiva should be placed. Hey great sage, I will also tell you another Dharana. In the Jeevatma, that lord Shiva who rules over everything and is the personification of wisdom should be placed. To get rid of all sins, the wise man should suppress the gods like Brahma in the causative self, and place the Avyakta (that which is not clear) which is formless and which is the root cause inside the entire soul with the chanting of pranava. He should control the sensory organs by mind and should merge them with the soul. 6

I will now tell you about Dhyana (meditation) which destroys sorrow. Dhyana should be done of that Maheswara, who is the medicine for problems arising out of birth, who is the discipline and fundamental basis of the world who is of the form of Para Brahma, who has the masculine power upwards, who is of the form of the world, who is Virupaksha, and who is the head of all yogis as “I am He”. Then continue to do Dhyana of him who is beyond the reach of meditation, who is the personification of Sachidananda Brahman and who is soul in person as “I am He” for attaining salvation. In the mind of that great Purusha who practices like this, the science of Vedanta would automatically appear. There is no doubt about it.  7

Now I will tell you about Samadhi (deep meditative state)  which destroys the ills of birth and death. Samadhi is that state in which there is knowledge that Jeevatma and Paramatma are one. Atma (soul) is filled all over for ever and does not have motion or stain. Though it is one, due to the effects of illusion, it appears as different objects. Really there is no difference between these so called objects. When one sees all objects within himself and him as a part of all objects, He attains Brahman.  When one drowns himself in Samadhi and does not see different objects as different , then he attains the single aim of salvation. When he sees only the true soul and the entire world appears as an illusion to him and he is cured of all sorrow.

Thus advised by Lord Dattatreya the sage Sankrithi fully lost all his fear and attained that blissfull state, deep in himself.

Om ! Let my limbs and speech, Prana, eyes, ears, vitality
And all the senses grow in strength.
All existence is the Brahman of the Upanishads.
May I never deny Brahman, nor Brahman deny me.
Let there be no denial at all:
Let there be no denial at least from me.
May the virtues that are proclaimed in the Upanishads be in me,
Who am devoted to the Atman; may they reside in me.
Om ! Let there be Peace in me !
Let there be Peace in my environment !
Let there be Peace in the forces that act on me !

Citation. http://www.arunachala-ramana.org/upanishads/jabala_darsana_upanishad.htm

Four Tools To Remove Negative Thoughts Yoga Sutra 1.33


Indian Philosophy distinguishes three aspects,

Between Brain,Mind,Intellect.

The Brain,the physical organ receives the signals,Stimulii.

At the this level what is received remains as raw Data.

The Mind,Manas,ascribes file folders  like agreeable,disagreeable,the Genus the Stimuli belongs to.

It does not go further,excepting associating the Stimuli with Emotion.

But is Buddhi,this can be translated roughly as Intellect ,passes judgement by assigning Labels such as Correct,Incorrect,factual judgements ;Right or Wrong ,Moral Judgement.

How and why Buddhi behaves the way it does?

It is because of Chitta,which is Consciousness.

The Individual Consciousness is,till it Realizes its Identity with the Universal Reality,Brahman,is tethered to Swabhava,one’s natural disposition and Karmaphala,fruits of actions.

More of this later.

As Yoga is the effort to effect Union of the Individual Consciousness with the Universal One,the Chitta is to be corrected,purified.

The reflections in the Chitta,when it is not fully Realized,is conditioned be downstream Data from Intellect,Mind.

This Data has to be properly reflected upon.

The negative inputs gathered as explained in the earlier Sutras are to be handled by the following four tools.

Friendship,

Mercy,

Gladness, and

Indifference.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra 1.33.image

Patanjali Yoga sutra1.33

Swami Vivekananda explains thus,

‘maitreekarunamuditopekshanan
sukhaduhkhapunyapunyavishayanan
bhavanatashchittaprasadanam’

Friendship, mercy, gladness, indifference, being
thought of in regard to subjects, happy, unhappy,
good and evil respectively, pacify the Chitta.
We must have these four sorts of ideas. We must have
friendship for all; we must be merciful towards those that are
in misery; when people are happy we ought to be happy, and
to the wicked we must be indifferent. So with all subjects that
come before us. If the subject is a good one, we shall feel
friendly towards it; if the subject of thought is one that is
miserable we must be merciful towards the subject. If it is
good we must be glad, if it is evil we must be indifferent.
These attitudes of the mind towards the different subjects that
come before it will make the mind peaceful. Most of our
difficulties in our daily lives come from being unable to hold
our minds in this way. For instance, if a man does evil to us,

instantly we want to react evil, and every reaction of evil shows that we are not able to hold the Chitta down; it comes out in waves towards the object, and we lose our power. Eve

Every reaction in the form of hatred or evil is so much loss to the
mind, and every evil thought or deed of hatred, or any thought
of reaction, if it is controlled, will be laid in our favour. It is
not that we lose by thus restraining ourselves; we are gaining
infinitely more than we suspect. Each time we suppress
hatred, or a feeling of anger, it is so much good energy stored
up in our favour; that piece of energy will be converting into the higher powers.

Related. https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2017/03/12/solution-to-overcome-confusion-yoga-sutra-1-32-samadhi-pada/

Who Are The Ancient Rishis Priests Of Rig Veda


Vedas are earliest Literature recorded in Human History.

This,along with the other Three Vedas,Yajur( Sukla and Krishna),Sama and Atharva forms the basic reference authority on everything related to Hinduism

The words of the Vedas are final

Each Veda has four parts.

They are,

Samhitas,

  • The Samhitas consists of hymns of praise of Gods
  • The Brahmanas are rituals and prayers to guide the priests in their duties.
  • The Aranyakas concern worship and meditation.
  • The Upanishads consist of the mystical and philosophical teachings of Hinduism.

This corresponds to the Four Stations of Life

Brahmacharya,the life of celibacy and studentship,Samhitas)

Gruhastha,Married Life,( Brahmanas)

Vanaprastha,Retired Life,when one having completed his family responsibilities meditates on the Reality of Brahman,preferably in a forest.(Aranyaka) and

Sanyasin,the State of total renunciation,seeking answers to Life and Realizing Self( Upanishad)

Though each stage of Life is called Asrama,Station of Tranquility is connected one aspect of  the Vedas,there is no bar in learning all the components of the Vedas,though one is advised to practice what is meant for his Station,Asrama.

Of these Four Vedas,the Rig Veda is the oldest.

The Vedas were compiled by Seers,called Rishis.

The Vedas are meant to be heard and learnt.

They were transmitted orally,never in a written form,though they were written on Palm leaves.

These Rishis are numerous.

Each Mantra has a Rishi.

So there are many Rishis who complied the Vedas.

But the earliest,first Rishis who performed the Duties of Priests are Ten.

These Families represent the First Rishis of the Vedas.

They are,

  1. ANgirases,
  2. BhRgus,
  3. ViSvAmitras,
  4. VasiSThas,
  5. Agastyas,
  6. KaSyapas 
  7. Atris,
  8. Kevala-ANgirases (KaNvas in the Rigveda)
  9. Kevala-BhRgus (GRtsamadas in the Rigveda).
  10.  Bharatas.*   

* This family does not figure as a separate family in later priestly traditions, which place kings who became RSis among either the ANgirases or the BhRgus.

Gayatri Kavacha Nyasa Details How To Chant Lord Narayana


Lord Narayana describes the inner meaning and procedures of the Gayatri Manta to Sage  Narada.

The Gayatri mantra is from the Rig Veda.

The Gāyatrī Mantra, also known as the Sāvitrī mantra, is a highly revered mantra from the Rig Veda (Mandala 3.62.10)

Narayana explains Gayatri from Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas.

I am providing the Armor of the Gayatri Mantra.

This forms the Nyasa.

Gayatri Mata. Jpg

Goddess Gayatri.

This is the Kavacha one has before chanting the Gayatri Mantra.

Now hear the Risis, Chhandas, etc., of this Kavacha :–

Brahmâ, Visnu and Mahes’vara are the Risis;

the Rik, Yajus, Sâma and Atharva Vedas are the Chhandas;

the Paramâ Kalâ Gâyatrî of the nature of Brahmâ is the Devatâ;

“Tat” in Gâyatrî is the Vîja; “Bharga” is the S’akti; and “Dhîyah” is the Kîlaka; and its viniyoga (application) is in getting the Moksa (liberation.).

With the first four syllables touch the heart; with the next three letters touch the head;

with the next four letters touch the tuft on the crown of the head; with the next three

letters on the Kavacha; with the next four letters on the eyes and with the last four letters

make the Nyâsa, all over the body repeating “Astrâya Phat,” O Nârada! Hear now the

Dhyânam of Gâyatrî, that grants all desires.

The Gâyatrî Devî has five faces; one of which is of white colour; and the other four is of pearl, Vidruma, golden, and Nîlakântamani colour respectively.

Each face has got three eyes; on the head there is a crown of jewels and the digit of the Moon is shining there. Her body is composed of the twenty-four tattvas.

She has ten hands :– On the top right and left hands there are two lotuses; lower down, there are disc and conch shell; lower down, there are rope and skull; lower down, there are noose and goad; and on the bottom hands right and left she is making signs of “No fear” and “ready to grant boons.”

Thus meditating on S’rî Gâyatrî, one is to recite the Kavacha thus :–

Let the Gâyatrî Devî protect my front; Sâvitrî Devî protect my right;

the Sandhyâ Devî, my back and

the Devî Sarasvatî, my left.

Let my Mother Pârvatî Devî protect my quarters.

Let Jalas’âyinî protect the southeast;

Yâtudhâna Bhayankarî protect my South-west;

Pavamânavilâsinî my north-west;

Rudrarûpinî Rudrânî protect my north-east.

Let Brahmânî protect my top and

Vaisnavî protect my nether regions

. Let the word “Tat” in the Gâyatrî protect my legs;

“Savituh” protect my Knees;

“Varenyam,” protect my loins;

“Bhargah,” my navel.

Let “Devasya” protect my heart;

“Dhîmahî” protect my neck;

“Dhîyah,” protect my eyes;

“Yah,” protect my forehead;

“Nah” protect my head; and

“Prachodayât” protect the tuft on the crown of my head.

Again let the “Tat” of the twenty-four syllabled Gâyatrî protect my head;

“Sa,” protect my forehead;

“Vi” protect my eyes;

“Tu” my cheeks;

“Va,” protect my nostrils;

“Re,” my mouth;

“ni” protect my upper lip;

“Yah” protect my lower lip;

“Bha” within my face;

“rgo,” protect my cheeks;

“De,” my throat; “Va” my shoulders;

“Sya” my right hand;

“Dhi” my navel;

“ma,” my heart,

“Hi,” my belly;

“Dhî,” my navel;

“Yo” my loins;

“Yo”, my anus;

“nah,” my thighs,

“Pra,” my Knees;

“Cho” my shanks ,

“Da” my heels;

“Yâ” my legs;

and let “at” protect all my sides.

O Nârada! This divine Kavacha of the Devî Gâyatrî can baffle hundreds and thousands of obstructions and evils; can grant sixty-four Kalâs and liberation. By the glory of this Kavacha, man can become free from all evils and can attain the state of Brahmâ. Moreover whoever reads or hears this acquires the fruits of making a gift of a thousand cows.

( Devi Bhaavatham,Book 12,Chapter 3, Slokas  to 25)

Source.

Devi Bhagavatham

Twenty Four Meters for Gayatri One For Each Syllable.


The Gayatri Mantra, the Mother of all Mantras explained in Hindu Texts is the ultimate mantra and is called Maha Mantra.

One can understand the significance of the Mantra by the following statement.

Gayatri Mata. Jpg

Goddess Gayatri.

‘Gayatri Chadasam Mata, Gayatri is thr Mother of all meters, Chandas

Mantras are not mere letters.

They represent vibrations and as such they are to be heard and learnt and not by writing/reading.

This applies to all Hindu scriptures right from the Vedas.

The sounds are captured in Syllables and Mantras have never been written as a poem or as Prose.

Individual Syllables are locked mystically and together they form a Mantra.

Placement of the syllable results in delivering different results.

Mantras were grasped from Ether by the Rishis, Seers and were released by them for the welfare of Mankind.

Each Mantra has a Rishi, Devata and Athi Devata.

And each mantra has to be chanted in a specific meter called Chandas.

For more details on Chandas please read my article.

The speciality of Gayatri. thpugh it is a Mantra. It is a Chandas, that is Meter!

The avahana, the welcome and seating of the Gayatri Mantra is,

Savitrya Rishi:

Nisruth Gayatri Chandah”

It is clearly stated that the Meter of Gayatri, the way it is ti be chanted is the Gayatri meter.

Meter for Meter, Chandas for Chandas!

Every letter of 24 of Gayatri has one Rishi , in all twenty four Rishis for twenry four Syllables.

Now Gayatri , a meter by itself has twenty four Meters.

It can be intoned in twenty four meters, a rarity for A Mantra as a Mantra can be recited only in on meter.

Each syllable Gayatri has one chandas, that is the essence of the specific Meter.

One can chant in this way.

The other method is to chant Gayatri in any of the 24 Chandas.

Each Recitation has a different effect .

I shall be writing on this in detail.

Inputs on this is requested from Scholars.

The twenty Four Chandas, meters of Gayatri are,

(1) Gâyatrî,

(2) Usnik,

(3) Anustup,

(4) Brihatî,

(5) Pankti,

(6) Trisnup,

(7) Jagatî,

(8) Atijagatî,

(9) S’akkarî,

(10) Ati S’akkarî,

(11) Dhriti,

(12) Ati Dhriti,

(13) Virât,

(14) Prastârapankti,

(15) Kriti,

(16) Prâkriti,

(17) Âkriti,

(18) Vikriti,

(19) Samkriti,

(20) Aksarapankti,

(21) Bhuh,

(22) Bhuvah,

(23) Svah and

(24) Jyotismatî.

( Devi Bhagavatham Book 1, Slokas 8 to 27)

I shall be writing on the 24 Reigning Deities of Gayatri.

Source.

Devi Bhagavatham.