Lost Ancient Cities Of India


Sanatana Dharma, as has been proved was ancient.

Madurai Meenakshiamman Temple.Image.jpg Madurai Meenakshiamman Temple. Image Credit. http://ayshamohamed93.blogspot.in/2014/11/my-madurai.html

It was quite advanced in Arts, Literature,Science and Philosophy.

The temple architecture bears testimony to the development of Science, especially Astronomy .

Gangaikonda Cholapuram,.Image.jpg Gangaikonda Cholapuram,. Image credit.http://www.incredibleindiaphotogallery.com/2012/07/glimpse-to-the-glorious-past-gangaikonda-cholapuram/dsc_5102/

The construction of these temples, with stones in an area where no stones or Mountains were available is a testimony to the fact that the ancient knew quarrying and more importantly transporting heavy materials like a single stone of nearly 180 tons to the roof of the temple which is 216 feet in the year 1000 AD.

It is the Thanjavur Brhadeeswara Temple in Tamil Nadu.

There are temples where the rays of the Sun touch the idol at the sanctum on a particular day of the year.

1000 pillars Halls, Stone pillars producing the Seven Notes of the Carnatic Music, cave temples ..the list is endless.

The cities were laid out in a systematic pattern in south India.

In the Centre was a temple, with a Pond.

The city was surrounded by square-shaped streets around the temple complex, all the streets leading to the Temple.

This can be seen in many temples in many cities of Tamil Nadu, notable examples being  Madurai, Sri Rangam Srivilliputhur, Chidambaram.

These cities had a resting place for Travelers at regular intervals on the highways, at every Kaatham, about 16 Kilometers.

This may be seen on the road from Madurai to Srivilliputtur.

Each city , at the outskirts , had a small water tank meant for animals.

A stone column was erected for the animals to relieve their itching!

Such a civilization should have had great cities.

Many have sunk as in Lemuria where the Tamil Sangam 1  and 2 were held, in Then Madurai ( South Madurai and Kavatapuram)

We had Indraprastha  now called Delhi,Pataliputra, now Patna

I had a look at  some of the ancient cities of India which are to be discovered in full.

If people can look around places where tanks had been located with the satellite imagery they would find more cities.

Here is  a List, which, of course, is not exhaustive.

I shall be writing on each of them in detail.

Readers may also contribute.

  • Dholavira – Located in Gujarat, India. Indus Valley Civilization city
  • Vijayanagar – Located in Karnataka, India. Now a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • Poompuhar – Located in Tamil Nadu, South India
  • Lothal – Located in Gujarat, India – early city of the Indus Valley Civilization
  • Surkotada – Located in Gujarat, India – early city of the Indus Valley Civilization
  • Pattadakal – Located in Karnataka, South India. Now a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • Vasai-Located in India, former capital (1533-1740) of the Northern Provinces of Portuguese India
  • Aror is located 8 kilometres east ofRohri in present daySindh, Pakistan. It had served as the ancient capital ofSindh and was oncelocated on the banks of Indus River. The city was once the prime nucleus centre of commerce and trade. The main languages spoken by the people are Hindi language, Urdu language, Punjabi language and Sindhilanguageand the religion followed were Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism.Kannauj
    Kannauj was one of the most beautiful ancient cities in India that was ruled by different rulers. The city was described as a city which raised its head to the skies and which in strength and beauty might boast of being unrivalled. Kannauj has incessantly served as a place of immense historical significance. The city had, much later, become a new district of the Uttar Pradesh on September 18th, 1997.Bairat
    Bairat is a much celebrated and momentous town in the northern Jaipur of Rajasthan. It is located 52 kilometres north of Jaipur and 66 kilometres west of Alwar.

    Kalibangan
    Kalibangan is a town situated in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan. The town is precisely located upon the banks of Ghaggar River. This ancient city of India has been considered as the third important city amongst all the excavated Harappan sites, under the Indus valley civilization. The city had received its name from the innumerable pieces of terracotta bangles that were excavated here.

    Sravasti
    Sravasti is an exceedingly substantial Buddhist religious and research centre, located in the Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh.

    Sagala
    Sagala is believed to be the modern day Sialkot, and it had once served as a great centre of trade and commerce, filled with business prospects.

    Sitanagaram
    Sitanagaram is a small and humble and ancient site located in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh.

  • Hansi is a town in theHisar district of Haryana. The ancient city ofHansi is known to possess five gates to enter Delhi. It majestically incorporate the Delhi Gate at the East,Hisar gate at the West,Gosain gate at North-West,Barsi Gate at South andUmra Gate in thesouth west direction.Kumbhoj
    Kumbhoj is the name of an ancient town located in the Kolhapur district of Maharashtra.Kalpi
    Kalpi is an ancient city of India, in Jalaun district of Uttar Pradesh. Kalpi rather seizes stronghold from its sisterly counterparts, due to being conceived as the birthplace of sage Ved Vyas. The city of Kalpi is also renowned for its art of paper making.

    Bhinmal
    Bhinmal is a town in the Jalore district of Rajasthan. Bhinmal had once served as the capital of ancient Gujarat. The earlier name of Bhinmal was Bhillamala.

    Tamralipta
    Tamralipta is the name of another important ancient city of West Bengal. Now the place is however identified as Tamluk. Tamluk derives its name from the Sanskrit word Tamra Lipta meaning ‘full of copper’.

    Urayur
    Urayur is an ancient city located in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.

    Dwaraka
    Dwaraka is another ancient city situated in Gujarat. According to Hindu mythology, Dwaraka was the dwelling place of Lord Krishna. The meaning of the word Dwaraka is a ‘door’.

    Ujjain
    Ujjain is located on the banks of Shipra River in Madhya Pradesh. According to Hindu mythology, Shipra had originated from the much admired churning of the oceans by the Gods and the Demons, with Vasuki, the serpent, serving as the rope. Osiyan is another ancient city that is approximately located at a distance of 65 kilometres from Jodhpur in Rajasthan. The city houses a number of temples and is presently a famous tourist spot.

    Bayana
    Bayana is a town in the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan.

  • The ancient name of the city wasSripatha orSriprashtha orShantipura. The city is claimed to have been discovered rather accidentally by an asura namedBanasura.Chunar
    Chunar is in the Mirzapur District of Uttar Pradesh.

Citation and Reference.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lost_city#India

Oldest Himalayan Cave Temple Ravana’s Gate Patal Bhuvaneswar


There are lost Cave Temples in the Himalayas.

Some of them have been found are in a difficult terrain.

They have fascinating histories.

Patal Bhuvaneswar.image.jpg Patal Bhuvaneswar.Pithogarh.

One such is Pathala Bhuvaeswara temple, in Uttarkhand,India

 

Patal Bhuvaneswar Cave Entrance.image.jpg Patal Bhuvaneswar Cave Entrance.

‘The first human to discover this cave was Raja Ritupurna who was a king in Surya Dynasty who was ruling Ayodhya during the Treta Yuga. The story starts with Ritupurna and King Nala. It is said that once, King Nala was defeated by his wife, Queen Damayanti. In order to escape his wife’s prison Nala requested Ritupurna to hide him. Ritupurna took him to the forests of the Himalayas and asked him to stay there. While going back home he was fascinated by a deer which ran into woods and went after it. He could not find it and took rest under a tree. He had a dream where the deer was asking Ritupurna not to chase him. His sleep broke and as he woke up and went to a cave where a guard was standing. After enquiring about the cave he was allowed to go inside. Right at the entrance, Ritupurna met Sheshnag who agreed to take him through the cave. It carried him on his hood. He saw the marvels of Gods taking place inside. He all the 33-crore gods and goddesses including Lord Shiva himself. It is said that after his visit, the cave was closed for ages with a slight prediction in the Skandpurana that it will be reopened again in Kaliyuga. Shankarcharya in Kalyug, during his temporary visit to Himalayas re-discovered this cave. Since then regular worship and offering are being done at this place.

Patal Bhuvaneswar Location Map.image.jpg

Patal Bhuvaneswar Location Map.

According to belief King Rituparna of the Sun dynasty (Surya Vansha) discovered the cave in ‘Treta yug’. It has been described in the ‘MANAS KHAND’ of ‘SKAND PURAN’. Adi Shankaracharya visited this cave in 1191 AD. That was the beginning of the modern pilgrimage history, at Patal Bhuvaneshwar.[2] The journey inside the cave has to be carried in feeble lights, holding protective iron chains. The Stone formations of Sheshnag can be seen, holding earth, heaven the world beneath. ‘Havan’ (fire sacrifice) is performed in a dimly lit, solemn atmosphere, under the spell of holy chants. You’ll also be impressed by theto visit these parts form the celestial heights of His abode in Kailash.The cave, it is believed, is connected by an underground route to Mount Kailash.[3] it’s believed that Pandavas, the ‘Mahabharat’ heroes proceeded towards their last journey in the Himalayas after meditating here, in front of Lord Shiva.This hidden pilgrimage situated at 1,350mts above sea level is mainly dedicated to Lord Shiva.Almost every god that you would have heard of resides in this mystifying cave. It is also believed that you can worship at Patal Bhuvaneshwar is equivalent to worshipping at Char Dham of Uttarakhand.

The priest family, the Bhandaris are performing religious rites at Patal Bhuvaneshwar since the time of the Adi Shankaracharya. More than 20 generations in the line. They are a treasure house of legends, lores, anecdotes and information about this holy place. It is also believed that this cave is internally connected to the four abodes /seats (Char Dham)

“This awesome cave is believed to be as old as the earth itself. It has been mentioned in detail in the 103 chapter of Manaskhand of “Skanda Purana”. The first human who entered this cave was king “Rituparna” of Suraya Dynasty during the “Tretayuga”. It is said that during his visit, he had encountered several demons and “Sheshnaag” himself acted as his guide.One can see the gateway of the great ages in Patal Bhuvaneshwar. There are four entrances inside the cave named as ‘Randwar’ ‘Paapdwar’, ‘Dharamdwar’ and ‘Mokshadwar’. The Paapdwar was closed soon after the death of Ravana and the Randwar, literally, the road to war, was closed down after the great Mahabharata war. At present only two gateways are opened. You can see the tongue of Kali Bhairav, Aravati of Indra, hairs of Lord Shiva and several other wonders inside the caves of Patal Bhuvaneshwar.

How to reach Patal Bhuvaneswar.

 


The nearest airport to Patal Bhuvaneshwar is Pantnagar Airport. Pantnagar Airport is situated 244kms from Patal Bhuvaneshwar. Taxis are easily available to Patal Bhuvaneshwar from Pantnagar Airport. Patal Bhuvaneshwar is well connected by motorable roads with major towns of Kumaon.

By Train

The nearest railhead to Patal Bhuvaneshwar is Tanakpur situated at a distance of 154kms. Taxis and buses are easily available from Tanakpur Railway Station to Patal Bhuvaneshwar, Gangolighat, and Lohaghat etc. Tanakpur is well connected with major destinations of India like Lucknow, Delhi, Agra and Kolkata. Trains are frequent to Tanakpur Railway Station.

Patal Bhuvaneshwar is well connected by motorable roads with major destinations of Uttarakhand state. Buses from ISBT Anand Vihar are available to Tanakpur, Champawat, Pithoragarh, Lohaghat and many other destinations from where you can easily hire a local cab or bus to reach Patal Bhuvaneshwar.

Citation.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patal_Bhuvaneshwar

 

Lombardy Lambadi Indian Origin Of ItalianTribes Genetic Proof


One of the curious features of World History written by the West is the observation, whenever  there is a reference to Human Races, Immigration, Cultural  practices, inscriptions, a simple statement is made to the effect  if the issue related to is Race,Immigration or Cultural practices, that they are from Asia, or to be specific(for the West of course), is central Asia.

Migration Of Gypsies from India.Image.jpg Migration Of Gypsies from India.

They normally use this term to denote Iran,Kazakhstan  or the Central Asian Region.

But they do not probe further.

Where did these people or customs, languages come from?

Though there is enough evidence is available in terms of archaeological findings, references in the local legends they are not verified.

In such cases, the trail is picked up, it normally ends up with Etruscan,Mayan,Sumerian Civilizations.

If only they could pursue the issue further ,they would find the roots in Bharatavarsha,as India was called then.

I am not sure whether this is a genuine apathy or a deliberate ploy to undermine Hinduism.

Considering the services of people like max Mueller, I tend to believe it is the latter.

I was struck by the terms Roma, Lombardy regions in Italy.

References in Vedic and Tamil Literature abound about Italy and Greece.

Sometimes the term Yavana is used to denote Greeks as well as Romans.

Trade and communications were quite strong even during the period of Julius Caesar.

In India we have the term Lambadi for the nomads, who go about throughout the country, a sort of Gypsies

The language they speak , sometimes, sounds Italian.

They are found in Andhra Pradesh in large numbers, which they use as their base.

They are also found in Vidarba and Madhya Pradesh.

Lambadis of India.

Banjaras are traditionally known as suppliers and pack bullock carriers and Banjara word is derived from Sanskrit word vana chara(wanderers in jungle). The word Lambani or Lamani is derived from Sanskrit word lavana (salt) which was the principal goods they transported across the country.’

I may be noted that the eary tamil Sangam Literature mentions that the Romans imported Salt from India in exchange for Horses.

Banjara people follow Hinduism, and worship Hindu gods like Krishna, Balaji, Jagadamba Devi and Hanuman. They also pray tl Sati Aayi, Seva Bhayya or Sevalal, Mithu Bhukhiya which are gods of their community. They also worship peer and Banjara Devi by praying in the forest, represented by a heap of stones. Of these, Mithu Bhukhiya was an “expert decoit” of the tribe and is worshipped in a hut built in front of Tanda or village with a white flag on top. This practice is gradually losing its importance, mainly because the people are more engaged in agriculture, government employment and other labour.[15] No member of the community is allowed to sleep in the special hut built for Mithu Bhukhiya (also spelled Mitthu Bhukhiya). Seva Bhaya or Seva Lal was a saint and is highly respected by the Banjara people. He protected the women of his community and his story is quoted by British administrators who tagged his period around 1857 A.D. with his original name as Siva Rathode.

The most numerous Banjara or Lambadi community is in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states at 2.2 million where they speak their own dialect along with Telugu. In Karnataka, they are spread in northern parts of the state[ and Karnataka has second largest population (1.1 million, as of 2012) in India.

The word Lombardy comes from Lombard, which in turn is derived from Late Latin Longobardus, Langobardus (“a Lombard”), derived from the Proto-Germanic elements *langaz + *bardaz; equivalent to long beard. Some sources derive the second element instead from Proto-Germanic *bardǭ, *barduz (“axe”), related to German Barte (“axe”).

Lombardy originally referred to the entire territory of Italy (known as Longobardia Major and Langobardia Minor) ruled by theLombards, a Germanic tribe who conquered much of the Italian peninsula beginning in the 6th century.

1.The Rishis are known t have long beards.

2.The German tribes, especially the Huns were settlers from India.

They moved from South India, at the of a Tsunami when Rama’s ancestor Satyavrata Manu mover to Ayodhya.

The area of current Lombardy was settled at least since the 2nd millennium BC, as shown by the archaeological findings of ceramics, arrows, axes and carved stones. Well-preserved rock drawings left by ancient Camuni in the Valcamonica depicting animals, people and symbols were made over a time period of eight thousand years preceding the Iron Age.[8] and 300,000.[9]

The many artifacts (pottery, personal items and weapons) found in necropolis near the Lake Maggiore, and Lake Ticino demonstrate the presence of the Golasecca Bronze Age culture that prospered in Western Lombardy between the 9th and the 4th century BC.

In the following centuries it was inhabited by different peoples among whom the Etruscans, who founded the city of Mantua and spread the use of writing; later, starting from the 5th century BC, the area was invaded by Celtic – Gallic tribes. These people settled in several cities (includingMilan) and extended their rule to the Adriatic Sea.

Their development was halted by the Roman expansion in the Po Valley from the 3rd century BC onwards. After centuries of struggle, in 194 BC the entire area of what is now Lombardy became a Roman province with the name of Gallia Cisalpina (“Gaul on the inner side (with respect to Rome) of the Alps”).

The Etruscan may be traced to India.

Please read my Post.

Legend states that at the beginning of the Etruscan Age, the city of Rome was founded by the twin sons of the war God Mars. Their names were Romulus and Remus. The boys had been abandoned by their divine father and Etruscan mother and were reared in the forest by a she-wolf. This is a slightly different version of the story of the Hindu epic Ramayana where the divine king Sri Rama abandons Sita and his twin sons, Luva and Kusha. The two boy were reared by their mother and Rishi Valmiki in his forestashram.

In the Etruscan legend, the twins are raised by a she-wolf in the forest, but that probably emerges from a confusion between the Sanskrit terms ‘rishi’ (ऋषि) which means a ‘sage’ and the Sanskrit ‘vriki’ (वृकी) which means a ‘she-wolf’ – considering that the fame of Sri Rama had traversed west from India by the time of the Etruscans. And a treasure trove of Etrsucan paintings bears out this argument…

Details Here .

And.

The early upbringing of Rishyasringa is linked to the highland location in the central mid hill of Nepal now popular as Resunga in the Gulmi District of the Lumbini Zone. Stories about the unique setting of the special mountain that has attracted and made it the home to many famous mystic Yogis. The Saha Kings of Nepal have dedicated special respect and attention to its maintenance and arrangement and the religious circuit of Ridi-Rudrabeni-Resunga in the Gulmi district is a huge attraction for national and international tourists. The all-weather road that connects the Indian border of Sunauli (Uttar Pradesh) and passes through the Nepal’s Sidharthanagar-Butwal-Palpa cities leading to the Ridi Sangam with Kali Gandaki and upward towards the district headquarters Tamghas.

The return of these people who left South India is being mistakenly quoted as the Invasion of Aryans .

It is only the return of a group of the Vedic people , who left because of a Tsunami from South India,

This group was led by Shiva and His son Ganesha who proceeded to Arctic before coming back to India to settle in Sarasvati Valley.

Please read my posts on this,

The Genetic Proof.

 

“Our genetic lineage study demolishes this theory and proves that gypsies known as Romanis actually are descendants of Domas who have inhabited the Gangetic plain for centuries now,” said Dr Gyaneshwer Chaubey of Tartu University, Estonia, and a member of the research team that included scientists from Hyderabad-based Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology(CCMB) and University of Bern, Switzerland.

The Y chromosome is inherited from father to son, son to grandson, and so on. This means that all males of a family or a population evolved from a single founder male possess the same Y chromosome.

Based on genetic signatures that exist on Y chromosome, every male could be assigned to a specific group. This helps in tracing paternal lineage.

Researchers screened about 10,000 males from around the world including 7,000 belonging to 205 ethnic populations of India, to discern a more precise ancestral source of Gypsies.

“The result of this genetic analysis showed that aboriginal scheduled tribes and scheduled caste populations of northwestern India, traditionally called Doma, are the most likely ancestral populations of modern European Roma,” Dr Kumarasamy Thangaraj of CCMB said.

(http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/twin-researches-indian-dalits-european-gypsies-common-ancestory-india-today/1/237137.html)

Citations.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lombardy

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rishyasringa

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banjara

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/285248/India

 

 

 

Krishna’s Footprints Dweetya Gaya Ashwaklanta Guwahati


Ashwaklanta (Ashwakranta) is an important Vaishnava shrine situated on the northern bank of the river Brahmaputra, opposite to Gauhati.

The temple contains the idol of Anantha sayana Vishnu, with Brahma in a lotus came out from his navel. Maha maya, the two demons Madu, Kaitabhas and two rows of Naga kanyas are present in the temple.

Vishnu,Krishna Footprints,Aswaklanta.image.jpg
Vishnu,Krishna Footprints,Aswaklanta.

Lord Sri Krishna came to kíll Narakasura, with an army ascended by horses. This is the place where he camped his army and stabled his horses, before starting the battle. Lord Sri Krishna also established Dwiteeya Gaya by placing his foot print here.

Main Deity Aswaklanta.image.jpg
Main Deity Aswaklanta.

Contact Detail.

Amingaon Doul Govinda Road North Guwahati Guwahati, Assam 781031

 

How to reach.

Airport.Guwahati.

Rail/Bus. Guwahati.

 

 

http://www.shaktipeethas.org/vishnu-temples/topic52.html

https://plus.google.com/116117524643671582701/about?gl=in&hl=en

Vedic Sanskrit Past Of Lithuania


The Vedic presence is strong in the Russian region, and Caucasus.

This can be probably due to the presence of Shiva, Ganesha and later by Pradhyumna in the Russian, Baltic and Arctic Region.

Asvinikumaras,Image.jpg
Asvinikumaras,Hinduism.

Please read my posts on these.

The presence of Asvinikumaras are to found in households in Lithuania.

Lithuania (Listeni/ˌlɪθjˈniə/; Lithuanian: Lietuva; [ˈliɛtʊvaː] ), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in Northern Europe,[9] one of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south,Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 3 million as of 2013, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Lithuanians are a Baltic people…..

Asvinikumaras.

The Ashvins or Ashwini Kumaras (Sanskrit: āśvin-, dual āśvinau), in Hindu mythology, are two Vedic gods, divine twin horsemen in the Rigveda, sons of Saranyu (daughter ofVishwakarma), a goddess of the clouds and wife of Surya in his form as Vivasvant. They symbolise the shining of sunrise and sunset, appearing in the sky before the dawn in a golden chariot, bringing treasures to men and averting misfortune and sickness. They are the doctors of gods and are devas of Ayurvedic medicine. They are represented as humans with head of a horse. In the epic Mahabharata, King Pandu’s wife Madri is granted a son by each Ashvin and bears the twins Nakula and Sahadeva who, along with the sons of Kunti, are known as the Pandavas.

They are also called Nasatya (dual nāsatyau “kind, helpful”) in the Rigveda; later, Nasatya is the name of one twin, while the other is called Dasra (“enlightened giving”). By popular etymology, the name nāsatya is often incorrectly analysed as na+asatya “not untrue”=”true”.’

“Traditionally, the Vedic peoples of Lithuania worshipped the Ašvieniai, the divine horse twins, related to the goddess Ūsinis. They are said to pull the Sun Chariot through the sky. The Lithuanian people continue to adorn their roof tops with the symbol of the divine horse twins in order to receive protection for the household…

Sanskrit Roots.

Asva(Lithuanian)=Ashva(Sanskrit) meaning ‘horse’
Dievas (Lithuanian)=Devas (Sanskrit) meaning ‘gods’, ‘the shining ones';
Dumas (Lithuanian)=Dhumas(Sanskrit) meaning ‘smoke’
Sunus (Lithuanian)=Sunus(Sanskrit) meaning ‘son’
Vyras(Lithuanian)=Viras(Sanskrit) meaning ‘man’
Padas(Lithuanian)=Padas(Sanskrit) meaning ‘sole of the foot’
Ugnis(Lithuanian)=Agnis(Sanskrit) meaning ‘fire’
Vilkas(Lithuanian)=Vrkas(Sanskrit) meaning ‘wolf’
Ratas(Lithuanian)=Rathas(Sanskrit) meaning ‘carriage’
Senis(Lithuanian)=Sanas(Sanskrit) meaning ‘old’
Dantis(Lithuanian)=Dantas(Sanskrit) meaning ‘teeth’
Naktis(Lithuanian)=Naktis(Sanskrit) meaning ‘night’

Citation.

http://www.indiadivine.org/news/history-and-culture/the-vedic-people-of-lithuania-r842

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashvins

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/08/26/narayana-mantra-by-asvinikumaras-for-fortune-health/