Hinduism, Uncategorized

Dwaraka Madurai 12000 Years Old Archeology


Hindu texts speak of Time in really huge numbers.

The Hindu Calendar is Cyclic and not linear.

dwarkakususthali

That is Time does not flow in one direction as in a straight line.

It is curved and cyclical.

Time recoils on itself.

Please check my article on Time Cyclic, Non Linear.

The present Age we live in is called Kaliyuga.

The earlierr Age was called Dwapara Yuga.

During the closing Years of Dwapara Yuga the Mahabharata Battle was fought.

Lord Krishna died towards the close of this period and the present Kali Yuga stated shortly thereafter.

The Dvapara Yuga is the third out of four yugas, or ages, described in the scriptures of Hinduism. This yuga comes between Treta Yuga and Kali Yuga.

According to thePuranas, this yuga ended at the moment when Krishnareturned to his eternal abode of Vaikuntha. According to theBhagavata Purana, the Dvapara Yuga lasts 864,000 years.

Kali Yuga,

According to the astronomer and mathematician Aryabhattathe Kali Yuga started in 3102 BC. He finished his book “Aryabhattiya” in 499 AD in which he gives the exact year of the beginning of Kali Yuga. He writes that he wrote the book in the “year 3600 of the Kali Age” at the age of 23. As it was the 3600th year of the Kali Age when he was 23 years old, and given that Aryabhatta was born in 476 AD, the beginning of the Kali Yuga would come to (3600 – (476 + 23) + 1 (As only one year elapses between 1 B.C and 1 C.E) = ) 3102 BC.’

This means The Demise of Krishna was around 3100 BC, that is 5000 years ago.

However published works date even The RIG veda which ,according to Hindu Texts was composed much before,that is before Satya Yuga.

Satya Yuga ,

The duration of the Satya millennium equals 4,800 years of the demigods; the duration of the Dvāpara millennium equals 2,400 years; and that of the Kali millennium is 1,200 years of the demigods […] As aforementioned, one year of the demigods is equal to 360 years of the human beings. The duration of the Satya-yuga is therefore 4,800 x 360, or 1,728,000 years. The duration of the Tretā-yuga is 3,600 x 360, or 1,296,000 years. The duration of the Dvāpara-yuga is 2,400 x 360, or 864,000 years. And the last, the Kali-yuga, is 1,200 x 360, or 432,000 years in total.’

Mind boggling numbers!

Archeology seems to be catching up with huge numbers.

The sunken monumens are found in Lebanon, Syria, India and other places.

Submarine megalithic structures off the coasts of Malta, Egypt, Lebanon, India, China, and Japan in waters up to 70 meters deep, were evidently submerged when the Ice Age ended and sea-level rose about 100 meters because of runoff from the melting of the Ice Age ice-packs.’

The Megalithic structure found in India was the sunken city of Dwaraka.

Now these Megalithic structures are dated to be around 10000 years ago when Ice Age Melting took place.

aftericeage2-1024x520

This resulted in the rising of sea levels which,in the form of Tsunami submerged the landmass.

This is referred to in Sanskrit texts and Tamil Classics belonging to Sangam Era.

This dating implies that people living around 3000 BC were using 12000 year old Building technics!

The ancient Tamil city  Madurai also speaks of the  Tsunami referred here.

madurai_temples

Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple.

Therefore it is logical to state that Dwaraka of Krishna and Madurai were at least 12000 years old.

In my opinion even this date is too late.

These cities can be dated back much earlier.

I await further findings.

Thiruvannamalai, India Dated around 3.94 Billion years,

Thirupathi , 2100 million Years,

Jwalapuram, Telengana , 74000  years,

Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu, 25000 years,

Archelogical site in Chennai belonging to advanced Tamil Civilization,one million years,

Evidence is piling up that The Classics of India and Puranas are not figments of imagination.

*I am aware I have ascribed different dates, mostly pre dating the dates mentioned here for these cities.

Reason is I publish  as I come across credible evidence.

Once when I publish a Book I shall corela them and provide the best date/s.

One thing is sure,

Indian History and Puranas are definitely much much older than what possible dates are being assigned to them now by the ‘Scholars’

Many of these megaliths wereastronomical measuring devices, which indicates that their Ice Age constructors had map-making capabilities and sailed the seas, as demonstrated by a commonality of the architectural motifs of the megaliths worldwide, and as demonstrated by Turkish navigational maps which were sourced from ancient Phoenician maps and show coastlines of the Ice Age world with accuracies of latitude and longitude to not be matched until modern times.

Mainstream earth-chronologists insist that the Ice Age ended around 10000 B.C., at which point the sea-level rose to submerge these megaliths. However, thesubmerged megaliths are of designs and uses characteristic of around 2000 B.C. Are we therefore to believe that advanced civilizations actually began before 10000 B.C., and not around 3000 B.C. (as is commonly published)?

Mainstream archaeologists have said that the advanced civilizations of the Old and New Worlds appeared suddenly around 3000 B.C. without evidence of cultural and technological evolution to that pyramid-building level of mathematical and engineering sophistication. Therefore, how can it be that the megaliths were submerged 12,000 years ago?

 

Are we to believe that Krishna died around 10,000 B.C, and therefore that Hinduism is over 12,000 years old?

The megaliths of ancient Dwarka are in fact found submerged just offshore frommodern Dwarka, and the huge stone walls built of megalithic blocks which had been interlocked with chiseled L-shaped dovetails are characteristic of the Indus Civilization that popularly is advertised to have had flourished near 2,000 B.C., not 10,000 B.C

 

The Gulfs of Cambay and Kutch, just south of Dwarka, also hold submerged megalithic Indus Civilization structures that were covered by the ocean at the melting of the Ice Age. Computer-generated maps of the world as it was during the Ice Age reveal that ancient Dwarka was about 100 km inland during the Ice Age.

 

Also inland were the now submerged Indus Civilization megaliths on the floor of the Gulfs of Kutch and Cambay, as were the megaliths of Tamil pyramidal construction off the coast of southern India at Cape Cormorin and Madurai.’

Sources and Citations.

https://ancientpatriarchs.wordpress.com/2016/03/06/ancient-bronze-age-civilisations-around-1500-b-c-end-of-ice-age-historys-original-nations/

 

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuga

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2700 Year Old Yogi Remains In Padmasana Gyan Mudra Harappa


While Yoga is being sold by Corporate Gurus today, it is necessary to remember that Yoga as a system of Spiritual development   was in vogue probably by or before the Rig Veda which is dated around 5000 BC.

However I have provided information that the Vedas date back much earlier, going back to at least 75000 years.

Yogi remains found in Harappa.

Yogi Remains in Baithal, Padmasana and with Gyan Mudra

While there is no specific reference to Yoga is found in the Vedas, Yoga seems to have been in vogue during that period or earlier.

The Tamils speak of Lord Shiva as the Chief/First Yogin and `and Sage Agastya and Bhogar being His disciples.

Siva.jpg

Lord Shiva.

They were called Siddhas .

Please read my posts on Siddhas

And while Shiva is not mentioned in detail in the Vedas the Tamil literature speaks of Him.

Evidence about Thiruvannamalai in Tamil Nadu being 3.94 Billion years and Jwalapuram in Telengana, India being 74000 yeras old has come to light.

 

The 2,700 year old skeletal remains of an ancient yogi sitting in samadhi have been found in an Indus valley civilization archaeological site located at Balathal, Rajasthan.

Many Indus Valley seals depict pictures of yogis sitting in lotus position. Here are two examples showing ancient yogis sitting in meditation and keeping their hands on their knees as done in modern yoga meditations. If we see the skeletal remains of the yogi above, we can note that his fingers are in gyana mudra (with thumb touching index finger), resting on his knees as well….

Balathal is an archaeological site located in Vallabhnagar tehsil of Udaipur district of Rajasthan state in western India. This site, located 6 km from Vallabhnagar town and 42 km from Udaipur city, was discovered by V. N. Misra during a survey in 1962-63. Excavation began in 1994 jointly by the Department of Archaeology of the Deccan College Post-graduate and Research Institute, Pune and the Institute of Rajasthan Studies, Udaipur…

Excavation of sites from the 4,500 year old Ahar culture provide clues to the link between the Harappans and their predecessors.

That it existed at all was a surprise – a fortified enclosure of mud and brick, comparable to the citadels of the Harappans, spread over 500 sq m. It was filled with ash and cowdung. A people called the Ahars had built it in Balathal near modern Udaipur some 4,500 years ago.

Carbon dating established that they had lived in and around the Mewar region in Rajasthan between 3,500 and 1,800 B.C. They were Mewar’s first farmers, older even than the Harappans. But why had they built a fort only to fill it with ash and cowdung? To solve the mystery, a team of Indian archaeologists excavating the site went on removing layer after layer of civilisation.

The mystery deepened. They found five skeletons, four in layers between 2,000 B.C. and 1,800 B.C. That was the age of stone and copper, the chalcolithic age. This was the first time human skeletons had been found at any Ahar site. The Ahars, it had been thought, cremated their dead. And the Harappans buried theirs.

There are 90 sites of Ahar – a rural society. The recent round of excavations is establishing that Ahar culture and Harappan civilisation were different though contemporary and related. This village life emerged much before the mature Harappan era.

Harappa’s progress in the mature Harappan period (2,500 B.C.) helped the rural Ahar people to flourish and develop their own township and stone and brick houses. On the scale of civilisation, they emerged far ahead of other chalcolithic cultures in the subcontinent.

And they may be the missing link to show how the Indus people made such a quantum leap from small rural communities to an advanced civilisation.

Ahar culture flourished predominantly in the Mewar region of Rajasthan, on the eastern side of the Aravallis, and in undulating rocky plateaus and plains along the Banas river and its tributaries.

In modern Rajasthan, Ahar sites have been reported in Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Dungarpur, Bhilwara, Rajsamand, Bundi, Tonk and Ajmer dotting10,000 sq km. “There is a commonality in all 90-sites located in South eastern Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh,” says Jaipur-based Rima Hooja, a scholar on Ahar culture.

Their name comes from a mid-1950s excavation led by R.C. Aggarwal, former director of archaeology, Rajasthan, at Ahar near Udaipur. A few years later, one excavation was carried out at Gilund in Rajsamand and then the focus shifted to the Harappans.

The Deccan College, Pune and Institute of Rajasthan Studies, Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, Udaipur turned their attention to Ahar culture in 1994 and began excavations in Balathal. Deccan College and the University of Pennsylvania began digging in Gilund in 1999 and the Jaipur circle of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) began excavation at Ojiyana in Bhilwara in 2000. And discoveries began pouring in.

Gwen Robbins, a biological anthropologist from the University of Oregon, USA, in her ongoing preliminary analysis of the bones, found the first skeleton uncovered was of a male. Dead at the age of 50, he suffered from a joint disease and had lost all but four of his teeth at least five years before death. On closer inspection of the remains, a left mandible and a few cranial fragments were found to be of a second individual aged 35 whose sex couldn’t be determined.

The third skeleton was of a female approximately 35 years of age.The fourth was of a 35-year-old woman, and it caught the archaeologists’ interest. It had been buried with a small earthen lota (pot) near the head. Why was the lota there? “I am certain that the fortified enclosure had a ritual function,” says Dr V.N. Mishra, former principal of the Deccan College, who led the excavations: “You don’t find such selective burials in cow dung and ash anywhere else.”

The fifth skeleton, from a different era, was of an adult male 35 to 40 years old, and had been buried in a seated position that resembles the modern samadhi burial of sadhus who renounce the world. The ritual of burial in ash and cowdung raises the need to look at related traditions in present-day Hindu communities such as Gosain and Jogi which bury their dead.

Citation and reference.

http://www.indiadivine.org/2700-year-old-yogi-samadhi-found-indus-valley-civilization-archaeological-site/

 

 

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Hinduism

Agastya’s 26 Tunnels Montana US


 

About two years back I wrote an article that the skeleton of Gatotgaja, son of Bhima was found.
The information was from credible websites and I published the image of the Giant as well.
On publishing I received information that the news item on this fake and I checked with Hoaxslayer.com.
This site reconfirmed that the news was incorrect.
However I have found additional information that the original information that there were Giants is correct.
There is a systematic effort to deny such archological information relating to Human past especially if it relates to the so called scientific facts like Darwin’ s Evolution Theory.
Information relating to UFOS, evidence indicating the existence of advanced ancient civilisations like Atlantis, Lemuria, Hyperborea and the ancient Sanana Dharma are dismissed as myths for no valid reason.
Probably these western scholars are uncomfortable about the fact that there were more advanced Civilisations than the present one and they do not wish to contradict their strong belief that the great civilisations really came into being only after Greeks and Romans, however shaky these assumptions are.

There is abundance of research material available to prove the Atlantis, Lemuria, Huperborea Indian Purana Events and characters, UFOS and Giants.
It may interesting to note that most of the Giants are from the Patalaloka or the Nether World.

These were referred to as Rakshasas, Asuras.
Please refer my posts on this.
Also interesting to note that the present America was called the Patalaloka , California was called Kapila Aranya, Sage Kapila,s Forest and there is Mount Ashes near it as stated in Indian Purana.
Now to Giants.

wp-1455992246710.jpeg

Nazca lines Peru , Shiva’s Trishul.

With Rosia Montana being a mining area, a number of interesting discoveries have been unearthed there over the years – one of the most interesting being a skeleton of a 10 meter (32.8 feet) tall giant which was found in 1976.

 

About 5,500 years ago, an underground gallery was constructed in the region by the Agathyrsi. In February 2012, a group of geologists followed the gold vein in the same place. They kept digging until they ended up at the base of the gallery. To their utter surprise, they found a gravestone which was definitely not made of common rock. The geologists took a sample, and the laboratory results revealed that the components of the tombstone included 55% 50 karat gold dust, 15% granite dust and 30% wolfram. Also, the analysis revealed that the composite rock had been made using a type of technology unknown today.

skeleton-of-a-giant

Giant Skeleton, Montana.

In February 2012, a group of geologists followed the gold vein in the same place. They kept digging until they ended up at the base of the gallery. To their utter surprise, they found a gravestone which was definitely not made of common rock. The geologists took a sample, and the laboratory results revealed that the components of the tombstone included 55% 50 karat gold dust, 15% granite dust and 30% wolfram. Also, the analysis revealed that the composite rock had been made using a type of technology unknown today.

The Hyperborean Gallery Known by the name of “The Hyperborean Gallery” or “Gallery 13”, the place of this amazing discovery is located beneath Cornea village. A number of other discoveries were made at the site in 1976. However, in the name of “security” the anthropological and archaeological discoveries were deemed too unusual and shocking for the time, so the gallery was permanently sealed. The gravestone was not the only unusual item found inside the gallery. On it, archaeologists found a 10 meter (32.8 ft.) tall skeleton of a giant. Apparently, the giant had been buried there after his death, with his legs gathered on one side. Lacking the proper equipment necessary to analyze such a find, the skeleton was sent to Moscow. Unfortunately, nothing has been reported about the giant ever since.

I was curious because Sananatana Dharma spread to all parts of the globe and archaeological finds confirm to this fact.

There arecare refernces to various land masses described in Hindu texts that tally with the present flora and fauna , mountains, rivers.

Plus when one checks their culture one finds the similarities and their roots go either to Sanatana Dharma or Tamils.

And Agastya pops up in many a place.

He is found on New Zealand.

Please check my posts on these.

There is a mountain in Romania  that has caves and these caves are connected to Kailash and Iraq.

I have found a research paper that talks about Agastya helping the Pandavas escape from the house of lac built by Duryodhana.

Agastya seems to have built 17 caverns for them to escape.

The dwelling place of the Rakshsas was called Patala Loka.

It was where Bhima of Mahabharata married Hidimbi and had a son through her Gatotgaja.

the house of lac Agastya says that the opening of the underground
tunnel through which the Pandavas escape, is covered up with the
ashes of the burnt house.17 The narration of such details is of
no direct use to the story, that too for an epitome of the epic.
Yet it shows the minute observation and care of the poet in his
descriptions.

Agastya introdues the demon Hi^imba with eloborate detail.
The very narration presents his (demon's) physical form before our
mental eye. His reddened eyes shoot out sparks of his anger, his
face is terrific with its knotted eyebrows. The demon enters licking
his lips with his stretched tongue.

<^r^<*uMf8|d^ ^^"l^fc^WFRHI
^RMUI) TORPTT (d<5-a�: MI$<H 3^t P^IN<: II (4 - 23)

This gives a vivid pen-portrait of the demon Hidimba. Agastya
excels in such artistic skills.

In an epitome the poet will not have much scope to convey his
own impressions of the characters. However a skilful writer makes
use of even the slightest opportunity to do so. This fact too has a
bearing on the style of the poet.

In the fifth canto Agastya finds an opportunity to introduce
some of the important features of the characters moulded by himself
in this Kavya. Through the words of Dhrstadyumna during the
course of introducing different suitors in the Draupadi swayamvara
episode Agastya gives expression to his own opinions. First he
introduces Duryodhana and specially praises him for his fortune
and wealth. He compares him to God Kubera. 18 Agastya writes
this with a special purpose. According to the tradition Kubera is
also known as a chief of evil beings or spirits of darkness.

– quote ends.

Note that Kubera the custodian of Wealth was assigned the Patala and he was defeated by Ravana who secured Lanka from him.

Now  most ofthe 26 tunnels found in Montana being ascribed to Agastya are associate with Water or Waterfalls.

And Sage Agastya is associted with bringing Kaveri River and he iscreported to have drunk the ocean, though the later is an allegory for Agastya travelling through the ocean.

Article on this follows.

Considering these similarities in the US, apart from a Quadrilateral temple of Shiva and a Natural temple of Vishnu in Grand Canyon, Colorado, further research is needed to establish Agastya connection to Montana Caves.

Montana caves

Citation and references.

 

http://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends/exposing-secret-history-giants-and-underground-hyperborean-gallery-romania-005243  (images and on montana link)

 

https://archive.org/stream/BalaBharataACriticalStudy/TXT/00000185.txt

( Agastya building tunnels)

 

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tunnels_in_Montana

( Montana tunnels  List).

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Hindusim

Shiva Devi Play Dice As Snakes Omkareswar Infra Red Image


Legends they may be , in the eyes of the Westerners, yet some legends are facts even to day, the so called rationalistic 21st century.

Most of the so called legends and myths of India are verifiable History.

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I have been writing validating these myths with the help of known modern technics including carbon dating and Infra read dating.

I have written on the 12 Jyotir Lingas of Shiva.

One of these is Omkareswara in Madhya Pradesh.

Here Shiva and Devi are believed to play Dice after the night pooja.

This they do in the form of Snakes.

Above is a photograph taken recentlyvwith a night vision Camera.

OmkAreshwar is a beautiful self manifest (swayambhu) linga. From the Vindhyanchal mountain range in Madhya Pradesh, river Narmada, turns westward and meanders in that direction. The deep wide river looks like it has assimilated into itself all the sins and sorrows of the humans and releasing them from these. This river Narmada, which flows rippling from the mountains, is also known as “Reva”. The smooth, round pebbles found in this river are called “BanaLingas”.

 

On the banks of river Narmada, there is a huge island on which the fourth of the JyotirLinga “Omkaram Amaleshwar” is situated. This island and the river are shaped like “OM” and that is how it derives its name. It is a natural phenomenon. The devotees who go round the temple consider themselves blessed because they are doing a Parikrama or Circumambulation of Omkara itself and Darshan of the holy JyotirLinga. The Narmada banks and the island are extremely beautiful. The beauty of Nature here is seen to be believed. The houses perched on the terraced green, strong mountains, the temple, KotiTeerth located in the waterfalls and valleys like Chakrateerts are some of the places to be seen. One can see very big fish and also crocodiles in these waers. There are many trees with beautiful creepers all over them. Groups of monkeys live on these trees. There are a variety of birds. The temple towers look bright and shiny in between. The whole atmosphere echoes with the the sound of “Om Namah Shivaya”. It is here that Lord Sankara has taken the forms of “Omkareshwara” and “Amaleshwara”, as JyotirLinga.

Sthala purana.

In the ancient times the Demons defeated the gods or divines. Indra was worried. The Danavas or Demons have wrecked havoc in all the three worlds, i.e., Trilokas. In order to empower the Devas once again, Lord Shiva assumed the form of Jyotirmaya Omkararoop. He came out of the nether world or Patala. Lord Shankar came out in the form of Linga on the banks of river Narmada. The gods or Devas have worshipped the Linga which made them powerful once again. This time they were able to destroy the demons and re-acquiesced their empire in Heavens.

Brahma and Vishnu also lived in the same place as Omkar Amaleshwar. That is why on the banks of Narmada Brahmapuri, Vishnupuri and Rudrapuri are built which are known as Tripuri Kshetra. The Amareshwar JyotiraLinga is situated in Rudrapuri.

Later on, in the mythological era or Purana Kala, Yavanaswa Putra Mandhata came into power here with the blessings of Indra. He served Lord Shankara with great devotion. Lord Shankara was pleased with him. The waters of Narmada emanated from the Arghya (holy water) or Jalahari of the Omkar JyotirLinga and flown through the mountains, downward and later on flow unseen. Narmada joins the deep-water spring located near the Linga idol of Omkareshwar. It flows there eternally. When some bubbles appear at the bottom of this spring, it is said, that Lord Shankar is pleased.

King Mandhata made this holy place his capital. Therefore, this place is also known as Omkar Mandhata. The descendents of Mandhata live here even today. The Vindhya mountain also performed a severe penance and pleased Omkar-Amareshwar. As a result of which, the whole place turned beautiful. Many hermits like Agastya have performed severe penances and japas at Omkar-Amaleshwaram JyotirLingam. They had built their hermitages.

 

This shrine of Omkar Mandhata Shiva pilgrimage is most beautiful. According to Shankaracharya. It is:

kAverikAnarmadayoH pavitre samAgame sajjanatAraNAya |
sadaiva mAndhAtRipure vasantamoNkAramIshaM shivamekamIDe ||

Meaning:
I pay my obeisance to the One Who is the savior of the good people and the great One Who always resides at the Holy merging point of Kaveri and Narmada, i.e., Omkar Shiva.

Citation and reference.

 

http://www.shaivam.org/siddhanta/sp/spjyoti_omkar.htm

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Tamils

Silappadikaaram Of Anklet Unique Tamil Epic


Sanatana Dharma, mistakenly called as Hinduism, has been assigned a date of 5000 BC (Rig Veda Date) by the West.

silappathikaram-1-2-s-307x512

Silapathikaaram Tamil Text.

‘At the end of the Sangam epoch (second – third centuries CE), the Tamil country was in political confusion. The older order of the three Tamil dynasties was replaced by the invasion of the Kalabhras. These new kings and others encouraged the religions of Buddhism and Jainism. Ilango Adigal, the author of Silappatikaram, probably lived in this period and was one of the vast number of Jain and Buddhist authors in Tamil poetry”
But the evidence unearthed in Jwalapuram, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India, in Chennai and in Poomphar in Tamil Nadu date the Tamils History from 300 BC to around 75000 years back!
One finds Tamil Brahmi Script in the  Indus Seals.
And Lord Shiva the founder, according to Tamil Literature,the founder of the Tamil language is a Pre Sanatana Dharma Deity was worshiped in the South much before the migration of Vaivastha Manu ,the ancestor of Lord Rama to Ayodhya.
This language Tamil quotes the Vedas and the Vedas , Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Puranas talk of Tamil Kings having been present during the swayamvara of Damayanthi, Lord Rama’s marriage,  Draupadi’s swayamvar,elephant tusks ,pearls and spices being imported from the land of the Tamils!
Hence Sanatana Dharma and Tamil are much older.
They go back to at least 75000 years.

Tamil language is as old as Sanskrit though it is difficult to assign a specific date.
However this is disputed.
Tamil has a hoary past and literature of high quality dating back to these times.
Tamil Literature of ancient times, for convenience of Study has been classified as pre Sangam , Sangam and Post Sangam Period.
Sangam period is the period when Conclave of Poets were held and honored.
There three Sangams.

 

The Tamil Sangams or Cankams were assemblies of Tamil scholars and poets that, according to traditional Tamil accounts, occurred in the remote past. Scholars believe that these assemblies were originally known as kooṭam or gathering. which was also a name forMadurai. Three assemblies are described. The legend has it that the first two of which were held in cities since “taken by the sea”, and the third of which was held in the present-day city of Madurai. The word sangam has its mention in the sense of an ‘academy’ in several Tamil literary works like Tevaram, Thiruvilayadal puranam, periyapuranam and Irayanar Ahaporul. Also legend has it that Nammazwar’s Thiruvaimozhi was approved in an assembly of 300 poets.

The Sangam period extended from roughly 350 BC to 300 AD (early chola period before the interregnum), when the earliest extant works of Tamil literature were created (also known as Sangam literature).] However, the name Sangam and the associated legends probably derive from a much later period. Whilst the accounts of first two Sangams are generally rejected as ahistorical, some modern scholars, such as Kamil Zvelebil, find a kernel of truth in them, suggesting that they may be based on one or more actual historical assemblies. Others reject the entire notion as infactual. Nevertheless, legends of the Sangams played a significant role in inspiring political, social, and literary movements in Tamil Nadu in the early 20th century.
Most of the Literature was destroyed by Tsunamis, called Kadal Kol in Tamil.
Of the literature that survived is the Cilappadikaaram, one among the Great Five Tamil Epics, Aimperunkaapiyangal.
The Five Great Epics are,

Cilappadhikaram

Manimegalai,

Civaka Chinthamani,

Valayapathi and

Gundalakesi.

Of these only the Cilappadikaram in non religious epic.

Manimeghlai snd Kundalakesi were influenced by and propagate Buddhism,, Civaka Chinthamani and Valyapathi have leanings to Jainism .

Cilappadikaram was written by Ilango Adigal ,  a younger Prince of Chera Dynasty , ruling  ( roughly speaking) the present Kerala in India.

His brother was Cheran Chenguttuvanbwas a famous ruler and he is reported have extended his Kingdom to North India and made two Kings of North to carry a stone to the south.

It is stated that  an astrologer reading the horoscope of Ilango Adigal forecast that he would become  famous and be well-remembered by posterity.
Thinking that the astrologer implied that he would become a King superceding  Chenguttuvan, his brother,the heir to the throne, Ilango Adigal renounced his claim to the throne and became a Buddhist Monk.
And he composed the Cilappadikaram.
Ilango Adigal is not his name and it is a nom de plume.

ILANGO in Tamil means the younger one of the King.

Ilango had renounced even his name in favor of his brother.

He penned the real life incident of a  contemporary woman,Kannagi as a great Epic  Cilappadhikaram.
Cilappadhikaram , though it is translated as THe Story of The Anklet, the nearest translation of the Tamil word Cilappadhikaram is ‘Grown of an Anklet’, indicating that the entire epic is woven around an

Anklet.
That is the Anklet of Kannagi and the onevof the Pandyan Queen.

​The story of Kannagi.​

​Kannagi and Kovalan were born in Poompuhar, belonging to Chola Kingdgdom

( the city of Poompuhar, near Mayiladuthurai has been excavated​ from the sea and it has proved that the site is about 20,000 yeras old)

They belong to Traders Class and they got married.

after a few years Kovalan became a profligate and had developed intimacy with a Girl named Madhavi and in t

during the period Kannagi was upset and Kovalan  lost all his wealth.

​Embarrassed at having lost his wealth ​and repenting the injustice heaped by him on Kannagi, Kovalan, along with Kannagi left for Madurai, then a part of Pandya Kingdom to seek wealth.

In Madurai, the King’s goldsmith stole the Queen’s anklet, made of Pearls.

Kovalan, to make both ends meet, went to sell Kannagi’s Anklet, made of Ribies.

Seizing the opportunity to escape the Kin’s wrath, who has started checking the theft, the Goldsmith informed the King that he had found the thief, King arrested Kovalan and Kovalan was beheaded.

Wronged and a vengeful Kannagi presented herself in the King’s court and demonstrated that the Anklet her husband sold was hers and made of  made of Rubies and not the Queen’s , which was made of Pearls.

To prove it, Kannagi broke the anklets and the Rubies burst out.

​And Kannagi stings the King by saying that he was unfit to be a kIng​, who can not adjudicate properly and had sent an innocent man to his Gallows.Gallows. Realizing that he had failed in the administration of Justice, the Pandyan King dies on the spot and his wife also dies.

Still seething with anger, Kannagi plucks out one of her breasts and burns the city of Madurai.

Then she proceeded towards Vanchi, Chera Kingdom and cries out for her husband.

She then ascends Heavens amidst heavenly showers.

The place she ascended the Heavens is in Kerala Tamil Nadu border and there is a Temple of Kannagi where she is worshiped as an Embodiment of chastity and virtue.

Features of Cilappadikaaram.

1.Cilappadikaraam  contains three chapters and a total of 5270 lines of poetry.

2.The message of Silappadikaaram.

Arasiyal pizhaithorku aramkootru avathum         

For those who commit injustice in ruling/politics,
the justice itself will turn as demon of death.

Uraisaal pathini uyarnthor yetralum,

Noble people adore chaste woman

Oozhvinai uruthtu vantuttum enbathum

Unrelenting fate plays its hard role in ones life.

அரசியல் பிழைத்தோர்க்கு அறம் கூற்று ஆவதூஉம்,

உரைசால் பத்தினிக்கு உயர்ந்தோர் ஏத்தலும்,ஊழ்வினை உருத்து வந்து ஊட்டும் என்பதூஉம்,

சூழ் வினைச் சிலம்பு காரணமாக,சிலப்பதிகாரம் என்னும் பெயரால்நாட்டுதும் யாம் ஓர் பாட்டு உடைச் செய்யுள்

-Ilango Adigal in Silappadikaaram.

3.Silappadikaaram covers all the three Tamil Kingdoms.

 

Silappatikaram has three Cantos.:

  • Puharkkandam (புகார்க் காண்டம் – Puhar chapter), which deals with the events in the Chola city of Puhar, where Kannagi and Kovalan start their married life and Kovalan leaves his wife for the courtesan Madavi. This contains 10 cantos or divisions.
  • Maduraikkandam (மதுரைக் காண்டம் – Madurai chapter), is situated in Madurai in the Pandya kingdom where Kovalan loses his life, incorrectly blamed for the theft of the queen’s anklet. This contains 13 cantos.
  • Vanchikkandam (வஞ்சிக் காண்டம் – Vanchi chapter), is situated in the Chera country where Kannagi ascends to the heavens. This contains 7 cantos, and each of them is made of several sub-divisions called kaathais (narrative sections of the chapters).

4. Literary innovations. It introduces the intermingling of poetry with prose, a form not seen in previous Tamil works. It features an unusual praise of the Sun, the Moon, the river Kaveri and the city of Poompuhar at its beginning, the contemporary tradition being to praise a deity. It is also considered to be a predecessor of the Nigandu lexicographic tradition. It has 30 referred as monologues sung by any character in the story or by an outsider as his own monologue often quoting the dialogues he has known or witnessed. It has 25 cantos composed in akaval meter, used in most poems in Sangam literature. The alternative for this meter is called aicirucappu (verse of teachers) associted with verse composed in learned circles.Akaval is a derived form of verb akavu indicating to call or beckon. Silappatikaram is also credited to bring folk songs to literary genre, a proof of the claim that folk songs institutionalised literary culture with the best maintained cultures root back to folk origin.

According to the great Tamil commentator Atiyarkkunallar (12th-13th century BCE), poems were of two kinds – Col thodar nilai ceyyuḷ (சொல் தொடர் நிலை செய்யுள்) or poems connected by virtue of their formal properties and Poruḷ toṭar nilai ceyyuḷ (பொருள் தொடர் நிலை செய்யுள்), or poems connected by virtue of content that forms a unity] Cilappatikāram, the Tamil epic is defined by Atiyarkkunallar as Iyal icai nāṭaka poruḷ toṭar nilai ceyyuḷ (இயல் இசை நாடக பொருள் தொடர் நிலை செய்யுள்), poems connected by virtue of content that forms a unity having elements of poetry, music and drama. Such stanzas are defined as kāvya and kappiyam in Tamil. In Mayilainathar’s commentary (14th century CE) on the grammar Nannūl, we first hear the mention of aimperumkappiyam, the five great epics of Tamil literature.

Each one of these epics have long cantos, like in Cilappatikāram, which has 30 referred as monologues sung by any character in the story or by an outsider as his own monologue often quoting the dialogues he has known or witnessed. It has 25 cantos composed in akaval meter, used in most poems in Sangam literature. The alternative for this meter is called aicirucappu (verse of teachers) associated with verse composed in learned circles. Akaval is a derived form of verb akavu indicating to call or beckon.Cilappatikāram is also credited to bring folk songs to literary genre, a proof of the claim that folk songs institutionalised literary culture with the best maintained cultures root back to folk origin. Manimekalai is an epic in ahaval metre and is noted for its simple and elegant style of description of natural scenery. Cīvaka Cintāmaṇi is one of the earliest works of Tamil literature in long verses called virutha pa’

To put it in a simple language, one sentence runs through one chapter!

5. Silappdikaaram throws light on the Sanatana Dharma practices like the performance of Yagnyas and Poojas especially the one offered to Indra, started by the Yadus.

Sources..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silappatikaram#Structure_of_Silappatikaram

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilango_Adigal

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/07/09/hindus-lived-74000-years-ago-survey-finds/

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/05/18/tripura-samhara-shiva-geological-kurnool-mt-toba-proof/

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/12/27/million-year-old-tamil-quotes-vedas-they-quote-tamil/

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/03/02/poompuhar-find-sets-tamilhinduism-by-atleast-20000-years/

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/01/15/tamil-sangam-dates-17000-years-extended-to-equator/

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/12/30/manu-ramas-ancestor-migrated-from-south-india-5000-bc/ bsvn

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