If you want to subjugate a people, you have to destroy their language, make them lose their respect for their culture.
This is not mine,
Indian Influence in Souh East Asia.
Greater India: The expansion of Indian culture and influence both in Central Asia and the South East towards the countries and islands of the Pacific is one of the momentous factors of world history.
(image source: A Survey of Indian History – By Sardar Kavalam Madhava Panikkar).
A gist of what Macaulay spoke in the British Parliament about the introduction of English as a medium of instruction in India.
We have people like Max Mueller who were planted by the Church to destroy the Sanatana Dharma from within.
Read my posts on these subjects.
Indian History, as I was taught some 45 years ago was thus.
There was Vedas ,ancient texts, they were concerned with Religion, many gods were worshiped,
There were Mythologies of Ramayana and Mahabharata, Rama and Krishna who were worshiped as Gods.
The Vedas and Puranas were oppressive.
Then Buddha came along.
Aryans invaded through the Khyber Pass.
Alexander Invasion of India, he defeated Indian Kings and signed a treaty with Porus, forgiving him.
Then there was Chandra Gupta Maurya and His dynasty.
It goes on up to Harshavardhana.
There is a gap of about 200 to 300 years.
Later Mughals and the British.
What is wrong with this?
1.Vedas have been brushed as Religious texts, with no details about the high scientific and technical skills they possessed.
2.No mention of the Vedic empires.
3.There is a gap of about 300 years between Panini and Daruis.
4.No mention of the Tamil and Southern Kingdoms which existed around the early Vedic age.
5.Ramayana and Mahabharata were facts and not Fables, while Bible ,Christianity, Islam and the prophet were given the status of History.
6.No mention of Sanskrit and Tamil, the two earliest languages of civilization.
7.While there is mention of Alberoni, Fahien, Huansuang, there is no mention of courtiers sent from India abroad.
8.Again there is a gap of about 200 years from Fahien in 400 AD to 600 AD when Harshavardhana came to power.
9.From 800 AD to 1500 AD no mention of Indian History in detail regarding the South Indian Kings and their empires.
10.No mention of Indian empire having been extended to South Asia during the entire History of India excepting bland statements that Indians had commercial contacts with Rome, and Some Tamil Kings conquered some portions of Indonesia,.
11.No mention of the great Floods in Souh India which triggered off migration to Europe ans rest of the world from India.
And that was how the early settlements in these areas began
12.Ashoka is reported to be first King to have established contacts with Sri Lanka by sending his daughter/son, omitting the Tamil connection which was earlier by about 1000 years.
I am providing information which is slightly better than what we were taught from the link I have provided below.
The gaps in the improved version is also glaring.
Less said about the western scholarship(?) the better.
I shall be writing on the hidden History of India with evidence for these periods.
Two technics were adopted in burying our culture.
One is suppression of Facts and evidence, as in archeological finds and Tamil History.
Second is wilful misinterpretation of facts as Max Mueller did.
Readers may contribute with evidence.
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (9000 BC to 7000 BC)*
The earliest records of the Indian history exist in the form of the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka. These shelters are situated on the southern edge of the central Indian plateau, in the foothills of the Vindhyan Mountains. There are five groups of rock shelters, each of them adorned with paintings that are believed to date from the Mesolithic Period right through to the historical period.Mehrgarh Culture (7000 BC to 3300 BC)*
Mehrgarh is one of the most significant sites belonging to the Neolithic Age. At the same time, it is one of the oldest sites that indicate the introduction of the concept of farming and herding. Situated on theKachi plain of Baluchistan (Pakistan), it lies to the west of the Indus River valley. The site ofMehrgarh, spread over an area of 495-acre, was discovered in the year 1974.Indus Valley Civilization (3300 BC to 1700 BC)*
The Indus Valley Civilization was discovered in the 1920s. The major events in the timeline of the Indus Valley are given below:Early Harappan Phase (3300 BC to 2600 BC)*
The early Harappan Phase lasted for approximately 700 years, starting with the Ravi Phase. It is one of the three earliest urban civilizations and made use of an early form of the Indus script, known as Harappan script, for writing purposes. Around 2800 BC, the Kot Diji phase of the Indus Valley Civilization started.
Mature Harappan Phase (2600 BC to 1700 BC)*
The Mature Harappan Phase started around 2600 BC. Large cities and urban areas started emerging and the civilization expanded to over 2,500 cities and settlements. Urban planning, excellent sewage and drainage system, system of uniform weights and measures, knowledge of proto-dentistry, etc are some of the other elements that characterize the mature phase.
Late Harappan Phase (1700 BC to 1300 BC)*
The Late Harappan Phase began around 1700 BC and came to an end around 1300 BC. However, one can find many elements of the Indus Valley Civilization in later cultures.
Vedic Period/Age (1700 BC to 500 BC)*
The Vedic Period or the Vedic Age refers to the time of the compilation of the sacred Vedic Sanskrit texts in India. Situated on the Indo-Gangetic Plain, the Vedic Civilization formed the basis of Hinduism and the sIndian culture. The Vedic Period can be divided into the following two phases:
Early Vedic/Rig Vedic Period (1700 BC to 1000 BC)*
Early Vedic Period represents the time period when the Rig Veda was compiled. During this period, the king was believed to be the protector of the people, who took an active part in the government. The caste system started becoming rigid and the families started becoming patriarchal. The major events of this time are:
- 1700 BC – Late Harappan and Early Vedic period coincide
- 1300 BC – The end of Cemetery H culture
- 1000 BC – Iron Age of India
Later Vedic Age (1000 BC to 500 BC)*
The emergence of the later Vedic period was marked with agriculture becoming the dominant economic activity and a decline in the significance of cattle rearing. The political organization changed completely, with the reduction in the involvement of people in the administration. The major events are:600 BC – The formation of Sixteen Maha Janapadas (Great Kingdoms)
599 BC – The birth of Mahavira, founder of Jainism
563 BC – The birth of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha), founder of Buddhism
538 BC – Cyrus the Great conquered parts of Pakistan
500 BC – Earliest written records in Brahmi
500 BC – Panini standardized grammar and morphology of Sanskrit, converting it
into Classical Sanskrit. With this, the Vedic Civilization came to an end.Ancient India (500 BCE – 550 AD)Rise of Jainism and Buddhism
Jainism or Jain Dharma is the religious philosophy that originated in the Ancient India. The religion is based on the teachings of the Tirthankaras. The 24th Tirthankara, Lord Mahavira, is credited with propagating the religion in the various parts of the world. Buddhism is based on the teachings of Lord Buddha, who was born as Prince Siddhartha Gautama. After attaining Enlightenment, Lord Buddha set on a task of teaching others how to achieve nirvana. His teachings were later propagated throughout the world by Emperor Asoka. The other major events of the Ancient Indian period are:
333 BC – Darius III was defeated by Alexander the Great. The Macedonian Empire was established
326 BC – Ambhi, King of Taxila surrendered to Alexander, Battle of the Hydaspes River
321 BC – Chandra Gupta Maurya established the Maurya Empire
273 BC – Emperor Ashoka took over the Maurya Empire
266 BC – Ashoka conquered most of South Asia, Afghanistan and Iran
265 BC – The battle of Kalinga, after which Emperor Ashoka embraced Buddhism
232 BC: Ashoka died and was succeeded by Dasaratha
230 BC – Satavahana Empire was established
200 to 100 BC – Tholkappiyam standardized grammar and morphology of Tamil
184 BC – Collapse of Maurya Empire with the assassination of Emperor Brihadrata, Establishment of the Sunga dynasty
180 BC – Establishment of the Indo-Greek kingdom
80 BC – Establishment of the Indo-Scythian kingdom
10 BC – Establishment of the Indo-Parthian kingdom
68 AD – Establishment of the Kushan Empire by Kujula Kadphises
78 AD – Gautamiputra Satkarni took over Satavahana Empire and defeated Scythian king Vikramaditya
240 AD – Establishment of the Gupta Empire by Sri-Gupta
320 AD – Chandragupta I took over the Gupta Empire
335 AD – Samudragupta took over the Gupta Empire and started expanding it
350 AD – Establishment of the Pallava Empire
380 AD – Chandragupta II took over the Gupta Empire
399 to 414 AD – Chinese scholar Fa-Hien traveled to India
Medieval Period (550 AD to 1526 AD)
The medieval period can be divided into the following two phases:
Early Medieval Period (Upto 1300 AD)
606 AD – Harshavardhana became the King
630 AD – Hiuen Tsiang traveled to India
761 AD – First Muslim invasion by Mohammed Bin Qasim
800 AD – The birth of Shankaracharya
814 AD – Nripatunga Amoghavarsha I became Rashtrakuta king
1000 AD – Invasion by Mahmud of Ghazni
1017AD – Alberuni traveled to India
1100s AD – Rule of the Chandelas, Cholas, Kadambas, and Rashrakutas
1120 AD – Kalyani Chalukya Empire attained peak, Vikramaditya VI introduced Vikrama Chalukya Era
1191 AD – First battle of Tarain between Mohammed Ghori & Prithivi Raj Chauhan III
1192 AD – Second battle of Tarain between Ghauri and Prithivi Raj Chauhan III
1194 AD – Battle of Chandawar between Ghauri and Jayachandra
1288 AD – Marco Polo came to India
Late Medieval Period (1300 AD to 1500 AD)
1300 AD – Establishment of the Khilji Dynasty
1336 to 1565 AD – Vijayanagar Empire
1498 AD – First voyage of Vasco-da-Gama to Goa
Post-Medieval Era (1526 AD to 1818 AD)
The major events in the post medieval era are:
1526 AD – Babur, the Mughal ruler of Kabul, invaded Delhi and Agra and killed Sultan Ibrahim Lodi
1527 AD – Battle of Khanwa, in which Babur annexed Mewar
1530 AD – Babur died and was succeeded Humayun
1556 AD – Humayun died and was succeeded by his son Akbar
1600 AD – East India company was formed in England
1605 AD – Akbar died and was succeeded by Jehangir
1628 AD – Jehangir died and was succeeded by Shah Jahan
1630 AD – Shivaji was born
1658 AD – Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal, Jamia Masjid and Red Fort.
1659 AD – Shivaji defeated Adilshahi troops at the Battle of Pratapgarh
1674 AD – Maratha Empire was established
1680 AD – Shivaji died
1707 AD – Aurangzeb died and was succeeded by Bahadur Shah I
1707 AD – Maratha Empire broke into two divisions
1734 AD – Pamheiba invaded Tripura
1737 AD – Bajirao I conquered Delhi
1740 AD – Bajirao I died and was succeeded by Balaji Bajirao
1757 AD – Battle of Plassey was fought
1761 AD – Third battle of Panipat ended the expansion of Maratha Empire
1766 AD – First Anglo-Mysore War
1777 AD – First Anglo-Maratha War
1779 AD – Battle of Wadgaon
1780 AD – Second Anglo-Mysore War
1789 AD – Third Anglo-Mysore War
1798 AD – Fourth Anglo-Mysore War
1799 AD – Tipu Sultan died, Wodeyar dynasty was restored
1803 AD – Second Anglo-Maratha War
1817 AD – Third Anglo-Maratha War begins
1818 AD – End of the Maratha Empire and British control over most of India
Colonial Era (1818 AD to 1947 AD)
The Colonial Era started with the British taking control over almost all the parts of India and ended with the freedom of India in 1947. The major events that took place during the Colonial Era are:..”
*I have writtten articles on these.
Refernce and citation.