Krishna Janmashtami Pooja Procedure Mantras Full


The personal approach God,of treating Him as a Human being and interacting with Him as one would with a Human being is unique to Hinduism.

For Hinduism, God is not someone who wields the stick when we err or offer carrots when we are in our best behaviour.

One has to reap the consequences of one’s actions and there is no escaping from it.

Krishna Janmashtami 2017.

14 August.

Muhurtha for Pooja.

Nishita Puja Time = 24:03+ to 24:47+
Duration = 0 Hours 43 Mins
Mid Night Moment = 24:25+
On 15th, Parana Time = After 17:39
On Parana Day Ashtami Tithi End Time = 17:39
Janmashtami without Rohini Nakshatra
*Vaishnava Krishna Janmashtami falls on 15/Aug/2017
For Vaishnava Janmashtami Next Day Parana Time = 05:54 (After Sunrise)
On Parana Day Ashtami got over before Sunrise
Janmashtami without Rohini Nakshatra
Lord Krishna as a child.Image.jpg

Krishna as a child

One does not and can not bribe God nor God is a Broker to intervene in the functioning of Cosmic Law.

Gods, when they take Avatars are bound by their actions as may be noticed from Rama, Krishna Avatars.

Then why do people perform Pooja?

Self realization is nothing but the rediscovering the true Nature of oneself, Sat, Chit and Ananda, Being, Consciousness and Bliss.

Human mind needs to be focussed from the myriad of Thoughts to concentrate on a Single Thought which would lead to the annihilation of Thoughts and one realizes the Self.

The Poojas are a tool to concentrate the Mind and to lead one towards Godhood.

When one connects with Reality at the emotional level, it becomes easier to practice Bhakthi Yoga.

This type of Approach is like Kindergarten and when one reaches Higher levels of Yoga and realizes BrahmanThe Self, the earlier approach of Pooja might seem silly.

But nobody can get a Doctorate without attending Kindergarten.

So performance of Poojas is vital.

In performing Poojas, there are processes of performing them ,

Five fold, Pancha Upachaara,

Shodasa Upachaara,Sixteen Fold and

Sixty four Fold.

Please read my articles on Upachaara.

I am providing the Sixteen Fold process of Pooja to be performed forcLord Krishna on Janmashtami,Krishnashtami, Gokulashtami.

One starts Poojas with Prayer to Ganesh, take right determination, Sankalpa and proceeds thus.

Dhyanam (ध्यानम्) Puja should begin with the meditation of Lord Krishna. Dhyana should be done in front of already installed Lord Krishna statue in front of you.

Following Mantra should be chanted while meditating on Lord Shri Krishna.

Om Tamadbhutam Balakam Ambujekshanam Chaturbhuja Shankha Gadadyudhayudam। Shri Vatsa Lakshmam Gala Shobhi Kaustubham Pitambaram Sandra Payoda Saubhagam॥ Maharha Vaidhurya Kiritakundala Tvisha Parishvakta Sahasrakundalam। Uddhama Kanchanagada Kanganadibhir Virochamanam Vasudeva Ekshata॥ Dhyayet Chaturbhujam Krishnam, Shankha Chakra Gadadharam। Pitambaradharam Devam Mala Kaustubhabhushitam॥ Om Shri Krishnaya Namah। Dhyanat Dhyanam Samarpayami॥

Avahanam (आवाहनं) After Dhyana of Lord Krishna, one should chant following Mantra in front of the Murti, by showing Aavahan Mudra (Aavahan Mudra is formed by joining both palms and folding both thumbs inwards).

Avahana Mantra

Om Sahasrashirsha Purushah Sahasrakshah Sahasrapat। Sa Bhumim Vishvato Vritva Atyatishthaddashangulam॥ Agachchha Devadevesha Tejorashe Jagatpate। Kriyamanam Maya Pujam, Grihana Surasattame॥ Avahayami Deva Tvam Vasudeva Kulodbhavam। Pratimayam Suvarnadinirmitayam Yathavidhi॥ Krishnam Cha Balabadhram Cha Vasudevam Cha Devakim। Nandagopa Yashodam Cha Subhadram Tatra Pujayet॥ Atma Devanam Bhuvanasya Garbho Yathavasham Charati Deveshah। Ghosha Idasya Shrnvire Na Rupam Tasmai Vatayahavisha Vidhema॥ Shri Kleem Krishnaya Namah, Saparivara Sahita, Shri Balakrishnam Avahayami॥

Asanam (आसनं) After Lord Krishna has been invoked, take five flowers in Anjali (by joining palm of both hands) and leave them in front of the Murti to offer seat to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Asana Mantra

Purusha Evedagam Sarvam Yadbhutam Yachchha Bhavyam। Utamritatvasyeshanah Yadannenatirohati॥ Rajadhiraja Rajendra Balakrishna Mahipate। Ratna Simhasanam Tubhyam Dasyami Svikuru Prabho॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Asanam Samarpayami॥

Padya (पाद्य)

After offering seat to Lord Krishna offer Him water to wash the feet while chanting following Mantra.

Padyam Mantra Etavanasya Mahima Ato Jyayaganshcha Purushah। Padoasya Vishva Bhutani Tripadasyamritam Divi॥ Achyutananda Govinda Pranatarti Vinashana। Pahi Mam Pundarikaksha Prasida Purushottama॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Padoyo Padyam Samarpayami॥

Arghya (अर्घ्य) After Padya offering, offer water to Shri Krishna for head Abhishekam while chanting following Mantra. Arghyam Mantra.

Tripadurdhva Udaitpurushah Padoasyehabhavatpunah। Tato Vishvangvyakramat Sashananashane Abhi॥ Paripurna Parananda Namo Namo Krishnaya Vedhase। Grihanarghyam Maya Dattam Krishna Vishnorjanardana॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Arghyam Samarpayami॥

Achamaniyam (आचमनीयं) After Arghya offering, offer water to Shri Krishna for Achamana (water for sipping) while chanting following Mantra.

Achamana Mantra

Tasmadviradajayata Virajo Adhi Purushah। Sa Jato Atyarichyata Pashchadbhumimatho Purah॥ Namah Satyaya Shuddhaya Nityaya Jnana Rupine। Grihanachamanam Krishna Sarva Lokaika Nayaka॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Achamaniyam Samarpayami॥

Snanam (स्नानं) After Achamana, offer water to Shri Krishna for the bath while chanting following Mantra.

Snanam Mantra.

Yatpurushena Havisha Deva Yajnamatanvata। Vasanto Asyasidajyam Grishma Idhmashsharaddhavih॥ Brahmandodara Madhyasthaistithaishcha Raghunandana। Snapayishyamyaham Bhaktya Tvam Grihana Janardana॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Malapakarsha Snanam Samarpayami॥

Vastra (वस्त्र)

Now offer Moli (मोली) as new clothes to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Vastra Mantra.

Om Tam Yajnam Barhishi Praukshan Purusham Jatamagratah। Tena Deva Ayajanta Sadhya Rishayashcha Ye॥ Om Upaitu Mam Devasakhah Kirtishcha Manina Saha। Pradurbhutoasmi Rashtresminkirtimriddhim Dadatu Me॥ Tapta Kanchana Samkasham Pitambaram Idam Hare। Samgrihana Jagannatha Balakrishna Namoastute॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah।

Vastrayugmam Samarpayami॥

Yajnopavita (यज्ञोपवीत) After Vastra offering, offer Yajnopavita to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Yajnopavitam Mantra.

Tasmadyajnatsarvahutah Sambhritam Prishadajyam। Pashuganstaganshchakre Vayavyan Aranyan Gramyashchaye॥ Kshutpipasamalam Jyeshthamalakshmim Nashayamyaham। Abhutimasamriddhim Cha Sarvam Nirnudame Grihat॥ Shri Balakrishna Devesha Shridharananta Raghava। Brahmasutramchottariyam Grihana Yadunandana॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Yajnopavitam Samarpayami॥

Gandha (गन्ध) After Yajnopavita offering, offer scent to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Gandha Mantra.

Tasmadyajnatsarvahutah Richah Samani Jajnire। Chhandansi Jajnire Tasmat Yajustasmadajayata॥ Gandhadwaram Duradharsham Nityapushtam Karishinim। Ishwarim Sarvabhutanam Tamihopahvaye Shriyam॥ Kumkumagaru Kasturi Karpuram Chandanam Tata। Tubhyam Dasyami Rajendra Shri Krishna Svikuru Prabho॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Gandham Samarpayami॥

Abharanam Hastabhushan (आभरणं हस्तभूषण)

Now offer jewellery (Abhushana) to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Abharanam Hastabhushan Mantra Grihana Nanabharanani Krishnaya Nirmitani। Lalata Kanthottama Karna Hasta Nitamba Hastamguli Bhushanani॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Abharanani Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Hastabhushanam Samarpayami॥

Nana Parimala Dravya (नाना परिमल द्रव्य)

Now offer various fragrance stuffs to Lord Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Nana Parimala Dravya Mantra Om Ahiriva Bhogaih Paryeti Bahum Jayaya Hetim Paribadhamanah। Hastaghno Vishva Vayunani Vidvanpumanpumamsam Pari Patu Vishvatah॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Nana Parimala Dravyam Samarpayami॥

Pushpa (पुष्प) Now offer flowers to Lord Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Pushpa Mantra Malyadini Sugandhini, Malyatadini Vaiprabho। Maya Hritani Pujartham, Pushpani Pratigrihyatam॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Pushpani Samarpayami॥

Atha Angapuja (अथ अङ्गपूजा)

Now worship those Gods who are body parts of Shri Krishna itself. For that take Gandha, Akshata and Pushpa in left hand and leave them near to Lord Krishna Murti with right hand while chanting following Mantra(s).

Angapuja Mantra.

Om Shri Krishnaya Namah। Padau Pujayami॥ Om Rajivalochanaya Namah। Gulphau Pujayami॥ Om Narakantakaya Namah। Januni Pujayami॥ Om Vachaspataye Namah। Janghai Pujayami॥ Om Vishvarupaya Namah। Urun Pujayami॥ Om Balabhadranujaya Namah। Guhyam Pujayami॥ Om Vishvamurtaye Namah। Jaghanam Pujayami॥ Om Gopijana Priyaya Namah। Katim Pujayami॥ Om Paramatmane Namah। Udaram Pujayami॥ Om Shrikantaya Namah। Hridayam Pujayami॥ Om Yajnine Namah। Parshvau Pujayami॥ Om Trivikramaya Namah। Prishthadeham Pujayami॥ Om Padmanabhaya Namah। Skandhau Pujayami॥ Om Sarvastradharine Namah। Bahun Pujayami॥ Om Kamalanathaya Namah। Hastan Pujayami॥ Om Vasudevaya Namah। Kantham Pujayami॥ Om Sanatanaya Namah। Vadanam Pujayami॥ Om Vasudevatmajaya Namah। Nasikam Pujayami॥ Om Punyaya Namah। Shrotre Pujayami॥ Om Shrishaya Namah। Netrani Pujayami॥ Om Nandagopapriyaya Namah। Bhravau Pujayami॥ Om Devakinandanaya Namah। Bhrumadhyam Pujayami॥ Om Shakatasuramardhanaya Namah। Lalatam Pujayami॥ Om Shri Krishnaya Namah। Shirah Pujayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Sarvangani Pujayami॥ Dhupam (धूपं) Now offer Dhupa to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra. Dhupa Mantra Vanaspatyudbhavo Divyo Gandhadyo Gandha Uttamah। Balakrishna Mahipalo Dhupoyam Pratigrihyatam॥ Yatpurusham Vyadadhuh Katidha Vyakalpayan। Mukham Kimasya Kau Bahu Kavuru Padavuchyete॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah।

 

Now Chant Krishna Astotram and offer flowers.

 

Deepam (दीपं) Now offer Deep to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Deepam Mantra Sajyam Trivarti Samyuktam Vahnina Yojitum Maya। Grihana Mangalam Deepam, Trailokya Timirapaham॥ Bhaktya Deepam Prayashchami Devaya Paramatmane। Trahi Mam Narakat Ghorat Deepam Jyotirnamostute॥ Brahmanosya Mukhamasit Bahu Rajanyah Kritah। Uru Tadasya Yadvaishyah Padbhyam Shudro Ajayata॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Deepam Darshayami॥

Naivedya (नैवेद्य) Now offer Naivedya to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Naivedya Mantra Om Krishnaya Vidmahe Balabhadraya Dhimahi। Tanno Vishnu Prachodayat॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah॥ Nirvishi Karanarthe Tarksha Mudra। Amriti Karanarthe Dhenu Mudra। Pavitri Karanarthe Shankha Mudra। Sanrakshanarthe Chakra Mudra। Vipulamaya Karanarthe Meru Mudra। Om Satyantavartena Parishinchami। Bhoh! Swamin Bhojanartham Agachchhadi Vijnapya। Sauvarne Sthalivairye Manigana Khachite Goghritam Supakvam Bhakshyam Bhojyam Cha Lehyanapi Sakalamaham Joshyamna Nidhaya Nana Shakairupetam Samadhu Dadhi Ghritam Kshira Paniya Yuktam Tambulam Chapi Shri Krishnam Pratidivasamaham Manasa Chintayami॥ Adya Tishthati Yatkinchit Kalpitashchaparamgrihe Pakvannam Cha Paniyam Yathopaskara Samyutam Yathakalam Manushyarthe Mokshyamanam Shariribhih Tatsarvam Krishnapujastu Prayatam Me Janardana Sudharasam Suvipulam Aposhanamidam Tava Grihana Kalashanitam Yatheshtamupabhujjyatam॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Amritopastaranamasi Svaha। Om Pranatmane Narayanaya Svaha। Om Apanatmane Vasudevaya Svaha। Om Vyanatmane Sankarshanaya Svaha। Om Udanatmane Pradyumnaya Svaha। Om Samanatmane Aniruddhaya Svaha। Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Naivedyam Grihyatam Deva Bhakti Me Achalam Kuruh। Ipsitam Me Varam Dehi Ihatra Cha Param Gatim॥ Shri Krishna Namastubhyam Maha Naivedyam Uttamam। Sangrihana Surashreshtha Bhakti Mukti Pradayakam॥ Om Chandrama Manaso Jatah Chakshoh Suryo Ajayata। Mukhadindrashchagnishcha Pranadvayurajayata॥ Om Ardram Pushkarinim Pushtim Suvarnam Hemamalinim। Suryam Hiranmayim Lakshmim Jatavedo Ma Avaha॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Naivedyam Samarpayami॥ Sarvatra Amritopidhanyamasi Svaha। Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Uttaraposhanam Samarpayami॥

Tambulam (तांबूलं) Now offer Tambula (Paan with betel nuts) to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Tambulam Mantra.

Pugiphalam Satambulam Nagavalli Dalairyutam। Tambulam Grihyatam Krishna Yela Lavanga Samyuktam॥ Om Shri Balakrishnayanamah। Pugiphala Tambulam Samarpayami॥

Dakshina (दक्षिणा).

Now offer Dakshina (gift) to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra. .

Achamana Mantra .

Hiranya Garbha Garbhastha Hemabija Vibhavasoh। Ananta Punya Phalada Athah Shantim Prayachchha Me॥ Om Shri Balakrishnayanamah। Suvarna Pushpa Dakshinam Samarpayami॥

Maha Nirajan (महा नीराजन) Now offer Nirajan (Aarti) to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Maha Nirajan Mantra.

Om Shriyai Jatah Shriya Aniriyaya Shriyam Vayo Jaritribhyo Dadati Shriyam Vasana Amritattvamayan Bhavanti Satya Sa Mithamitadrau Shriya Evainam Tat Shriyamadadhati Santatamricha Vashatkrityam Santatyai Sandhiyate Prajaya Pashubhih Ya Evam Veda॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Mahanirajanam Deepam Samarpayami॥

Pradakshina (प्रदक्षिणा) Now offer symbolic Pradakshina (circumambulate from left to right of Shri Krishna) with flowers while chanting following Mantra.

Pradakshina Mantra.

Om Nabhya Asidantariksham Shirshno Dyauh Samavartata। Padabhyam Bhumirdishah Shrotrat Tatha Lokan Akalpayan॥ Ardram Yahkarinim Yashtim Pingalam Padmamalinim। Chandram Hiranmayim Lakshmim Jatavedo Ma Avaha॥ Yani Kani Cha Papani Janmantara Kritani Cha। Tani Tani Vinashyanti Pradakshine Pade Pade॥ Anyatha Sharanam Nasti Tvameva Sharnam Mama। Tasmat Karunya Bhavena Raksha Rakhsa Ramapate॥ Om Shri Balakrishnayanamah। Pradakshinan Samarpayami॥

Namaskar (नमस्कार) Now pay homage to Shri Krishna while chanting following Mantra.

Namaskar Mantra.

Namo Brahmanya Devaya Gobrahmanahitaya Cha। Jagadishaya Krishnaya Govindaya Namo Namah॥ Krishnaya Vasudevaya Haraye Paramatmane। Pranatakleshanashaya Govindaya Namo Namah॥ Namastubhyam Jagannatha Devakitanaya Prabho Vasudevatmajananda Yashodanandavardhana Govinda Gokuladara Gopikanta Namostute Saptasyasan Paridhayah Trissapta Samidhah Kritah। Deva Yadyajnam Tanvanah Abadhnanpurusham Pashum॥ Tam Ma Avaha Jatavedo Lakshmimanapagaminim। Yasyam Hiranyam Vindeyam Gamashvam Purushanaham॥ Namah Sarva Hitartaya Jagadadhara Hetave। Sashtangoyam Pranamaste Prayatnena Maya Kritah॥ Urusa Shirasa Drishtva Manasa Vachasa Tatha। Padbhyam Karabhyam Janubhyam Pranamoshtangam Uchyate॥ Shatyenapi Namaskaran Kurvatah Shrangapanaye। Shata Janmarchitam Papam Tatkshanadeva Nashyati॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Namaskaran Samarpayami॥

Kshamapan (क्षमापन) After Namaskar, seek pardon from Shri Krishna for any known-unknown mistakes done during Puja while chanting following Mantra.

Kshamapan Mantra Aparadha Sahasrani Kriyante Aharnisham Maya। Dasoayamiti Mam Matva Kshamasva Purushottama॥ Yantu Deva Ganah Sarve Pujam Adaya Parthivim। Ishta Kamyartha Siddhyartham Punaragamanaya Cha॥

॥Shri Krishnarpanamastu॥

Mantra citation and source.

http://www.drikpanchang.com/dashavatara/lord-krishna/janmashtami/puja-vidhi/krishna-janmashtami-puja-vidhi.html

Indian Valentines Day May 10 Indira Vizha Nepal Yena festival


Indians , contrary to what is being projected,, gave importance  to finer emotions of Life.

Chitrai Thiruvizha , Madurai

Chitar FestivalMadurai

Hinduism is not all about asceticism and renunciation..

Yena Festival Nepal,Chariot procession

Yena Festival Nepal,Chariot procession

They have formulated the stages of Life one goes through based on his physical and emotional development.

Indir Vizha flag, Fag of Indra with Vajra, His weapon

Indras flag adopted

 At the same time they also took into account the social structure  into account.

The Stages of Life.

Brahmacharya,The stage of Studies, celibacy and inculcation of self discipline.

Gruhastha, Married Life, with duties laid down towards each other and to society.

Vanprastha,The stage when one reaches a stage in Life where one has discharged his family and social obligations and children are settled.One leaves the running of the family to his sons, and pursues the spiritual path.If one’s wife is willing to travel in this journey she is welcome.Otherwise she is in the care of her sons.One may retire to forests to contemplate.

Sanyas, the stage when one relinquishes everything and is totally engaged in self enquiry.

Each stage is provided with necessary structure to develop that stage .

Sanatana Dharma understood the human feeling ,emotions and imitations of Human Mind and human nature.

So it has provided alternate paths to realize God.One can choose what suits one the best.

Opportunities are provided for Love and marrigae.

Not all marriages , during Sanatana Dharma, were arranged one.

There are many type of marriages. set forth by Santna Dharma, one of them being Gandharva Vivaha, Love marriage.

However another ancient people of India Tamils, intricately connected with Sanatana Dharma, went a step further. Their marriage types are more detailed. Please my articles on these.

The Tamils have devoted n entire chapter for Love and the attendant issues in theier first Grammatical work, Tholkaapiyam.

It is called Kalavozhukkam,it details procedure to be followed, activities during courting.

It my of interest to note that women re given equal right in this process.

To facilitate  Courtship and Love, the Tamils have dedicated a day of the Year.

This day is dedicated to Lord Indra, chief of Devas and also known for Love and enjoyment.

He is Bhogi, one who revels in pleasure .

Bhogi festival which precedes Tamil New Year is dedicated to him.

Tamils also  fixed a day for revelry and courtship, when one finds his or her love,

This was called Indira Vizha, the festival for for Indra.

This was celebrated to bring in rains as Indra is the God of Thunder.

Failure to propitiate him by Yadavas resulted in a deluge and Lord Krishna had to lift the Govardhan Mountain to save the Yadavas.

When a Choza king stopped it, the harbour city of Kaveripumpattinam in Tamil Nadu was devoured by the sea..

This Festival the Indian Valentines Day was held on the Chitra Pournmi Day.

That is on the day the Nakshatra  Chitra( Spica) and a Full Moon fall on the same day.

This is around May 10 of the Gregorian Calendar.

To allow for climate changes this is celebrated around is September 27 in Nepal

This is also the day of Buddha Pournima and Kurma Jayanthi

Unlike the west where Lovers’ day has been named after an individual( which again is open to doubt), the Tamils fixed it on a Celestial event!

Tamil Epics Silappadikaram and Manimekalai detail this festival.

Sangam Tamil literature refers to Indra (Pura Nanuru 182 and 241, Ainkuru. 62, Tirumurugu. 155-59 ) and Amruta (ambrosia of Indraloka) in a lot of places. Didactic books including Tirukkural also refer to Indra and Amruta.

ainkuirunuru 62

இந்திர விழவில் பூவின் அன்ன
புன் தலைப் பேடை வரி நிழல் அகவும்
இவ் ஊர் மங்கையர்த் தொகுத்து, இனி
எவ் ஊர் நின்றன்று மகிழ்ந! நின் தேரே?

Like the cock with its small head
which called for the hens from shady place,
you gathered women of this town
in festival of Indra.
Now towards which town
is your chariot proceeding,
so that you can have more pleasure?

Poet:Orampoki

Translated by me

This poem is uttered by the wife to her husband. This show that Indra Vizha was a popular hunting ground for men to covet lovely young maidens and courtesans.

We will now proceed to best discription of Indra Vizha in Tamil Literature.

The following are excerpts from Indra Vizha chapter from Puhar Kandam in Silapathikaram.

“இளவேனிலும் மலயத் தென்றலும் உலவும் வீதி”

காதல் கொழுநனைப் பிரிந்து அலர் எய்தா

மாதர்க் கொடுங் குழை மாதவி-தன்னோடு

இல் வளர் முல்லை, மல்லிகை, மயிலை,

தாழிக் குவளை, சூழ் செங்கழுநீர்,

பயில் பூங் கோதைப் பிணையலின் பொலிந்து,

காமக் களி மகிழ்வு எய்தி, காமர்

பூம் பொதி நறு விரைப் பொழில் ஆட்டு அமர்ந்து,

நாள் மகிழ் இருக்கை நாள்-அங்காடியில்

பூ மலி கானத்துப் புது மணம் புக்கு,

புகையும் சாந்தும் புலராது சிறந்து,

நகை ஆடு ஆயத்து நல் மொழி திளைத்து,

குரல் வாய்ப் பாணரொடு, நகரப் பரத்தரொடு,

திரிதரு மரபின் கோவலன் போல,

இளி வாய் வண்டினொடு, இன் இளவேனிலொடு,

மலய மாருதம் திரிதரு மறுகில்-

Charmed by the sight of lover’s rapture, the breeze wandered through gardens of delight faintly scented by tender buds too shy to open yet; it roamed through the market noisy with frolic, where it gathered the perfumes of incense and sandal paste and entwining itself with laughter of lovers, it scattered their secrets as it passed. Gently warmed by the young summer, it kept company with wandering bees, whose murmur resemble the illi, the fifth note of the harp. And like the breeze, singers, oboe players, and companions expert seeking adventure.

“வீதியில் உலவும் பரத்தையரை ஆடவர் புகழ்தல்”

கரு முகில் சுமந்து, குறு முயல் ஒழித்து-ஆங்கு,

இரு கருங் கயலொடு இடைக் குமிழ்஢ எழுதி,

அம் கண் வானத்து அரவுப் பகை அஞ்சி,

திங்களும் ஈண்டுத் திரிதலும் உண்டுகொல்!-

One of the young men thus celebrated his beloved lady:

“ The Moon, in fear of Rahu, monster who

devours her on the days of her eclipse,

fled from the sky in search of shelter.

framed in the dark clouds of you hair,

she reappeared then as your pallid face.

she chased away the hairs from your fair cheeks,

painted two soot- black fish- shaped eyes,

and in the middle placed kumil flower,

that since then passes for your pretty nose.”

நீர் வாய் திங்கள் நீள் நிலத்து அமுதின்

சீர் வாய் துவலைத் திரு நீர் மாந்தி,

மீன் ஏற்றுக் கொடியோன், மெய் பெற, வளர்த்த,

வான-வல்லி வருதலும் உண்டுகொல்!

Another lover sang to his love:

“You are a lighting-flash, born in the sky,

that Eros, a fish upon his pennant, hurled

when he descended on this earth in search

of his annihilated body, drinking all the nectar

that the pale Moon distills us drop by drop.”

‘Chitra Pournami – was supposed to have been the Valentine’s day as
per Ancient Tamil Culture – followed with Indira Vizha!

It was rather Valentine’s month till next Pounrnami! Greeks
present in such functions carried this custom to their country and
then spread to France and thus Feb 14th.. !

‘The festival usually commenced with a group beating drums and
announcing to the people the start of the celebrations. The citizens of
the town then cleaned the streets and roads and redecorate the city,
with each house being adorned with many decorations. The officials of
the kingdom would pay their respects to the king and wish him and the
kingdom well. Musical performances would be held and the fire oblations
offered in many temples for Siva, Vishnu and other deities. The festival
ended with people bathing in the sea with the members of the family. It
was generally believed that this festival was actually a prayer to
Indra, and would remove the difficulties and dangers to those who
celebrate it. “

Who Started the Indira Vizha.

Mahabharata says it was started by Uparichara Vasu. The life story of Uparichara Vasu itself is interesting. He was given an aeroplane and a garland of never fading lotus flowers by Indra. He married Girika but he was asked to go to a forest where his seed (semen) fell at the thought of his wife. It was devoured by a fish and Matsya (satyavati) was born to the fish. Each one of his sons started a separate dynasty in India. He was credited with some engineering feats  such as breaking down a hill to create a new river (Please read my post GREAT ENGINEERS OF ANCIENT INDIA).

Jain scriptures link Indra festival with Rishabadeva, the first Thirthankara. Tamil epic Silappadikaram (Kathai 5) says that one choza king Thungeyil  Erintha Thodithot  Sembiyan started this festival. Both may be correct if we take one started it in the north and another started in the south of India. Interestingly Chozas themselves claimed that their ancestors ruled north India. All their ancestors were mythological characters mentioned in Mahabharata and Ramayana. The very word Sembiyan came from Sibi Chakravarthy of the famous pigeon story  (Sibi=Saibya=Sembiya). The story of Sibi is in Sangam Tamil literature, Pancha Tantra and Tamil epic Silappadikaram.

The details of the celebrations were given in Silappadikaram  (5: 141-4) and Manimekalai (1:27-72, 2:1-3, 1:1-9, 24: 62-69, 25: 175-200). The drummer will announce that the festival began and then people will assemble to hoist the Indra Dwaja (Banner). The whole town wore a festive look with lot of decorations. Indra was bathed with holy water. It started on a full moon day in Chitra month (coinciding with April). Other deities were also decorated. Dance and Music were the highlights.

According to Maimekalai, Agastya asked the Sembian (Choza) king to start this festval. In Nepal, it is celebrated in September. In Tamil Nadu, the festival Bogi, celebrated on the eve of Makarasanranti/ Pongal also linked with Indra. Bogi itself means Indra.

Indira Vizha in Nepal.

The rare coincidence between the Tamils and the Nepalese is that both of them install a pole and hoist the Indra flag. In Nepal it is celebrated for 8 days but in Tamil Nadu it was celebrated for 28 days.

Yenya, Nepl Indir vizha.

Indra Jātrā as it is most commonly known or Yenyā (Nepal Bhasa: येँयाः) is the biggest religious street festival in Kathmandu, Nepal. Yenya means “Kathmandu festival” in Nepal Bhasa. The celebrations consist of two events. Indra Jātrā is marked by masked dances of deities and demons, displays of sacred images and tableaus in honor of the deity Indra, the king of heaven. The other event isKumāri Jātrā, the chariot procession of the living goddess Kumari.

Family members deceased in the past year are also remembered during the festival. The main venue of the festivities is Kathmandu Durbar Square. The celebrations last for eight days from the 12th day of the bright fortnight to the 4th day of the dark fortnight ofYanlā (ञला), the eleventh month in the lunar Nepal Era calendar.

Indra Jatra was started by King Gunakamadeva(गुणकामदेव) to commemorate the founding of the city of Kathmandu in the 10th century. Kumari Jatra began in the mid-18th century. The celebrations are held according to the lunar calendar, so the dates are changeable. The 2016 date is September 27.

Reference and citation.

http://ponniyinselvan.in/forum/discussion/30059/indira-vizha-tamil-velentines-day/p1

https://tamilandvedas.com/2012/08/11/indra-festival-in-the-vedas-and-tamil-epics/

https://karkanirka.org/2010/02/14/indira-vizha-silapadikaram/

Yena Festival Image credit.By Krish Dulal – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16432786

 

 

 

 

 

 

Devi Mahatmiyam Durga Sapthasati Parayana Procedure


The three forms of the female principles embodied in Durga, Lakshmi and Sarasvati are the expressions of Valour,Wealth and Knowledge needed for the Humans.

All the three have to stay together if one were to lead a successful Life.

Hindu festivals represent these principles and they remind one of these Life’s Truths.

Durga represents Valor, Lakshmi wealth and Sarasvati Knowledge.

The Nine days’ festival, Navaratri represents this.

I have written articles on the procedure Mantras and dates assigned to each Goddess.

There is a sacred text, called Devi Mahatmiyam in Markandeya Purana which delivers the results  equivalent  to accruing by reciting all the mantras of the three Devis.

Durga, Lakshmi, Sarasvathi.jpg

Durga, Lakshmi, Sarasvathi.

The Devi (mother Goddess) killed Madhu and Kaidabha as Vishnu Maya (Thamasic-base), killed Mahishasura as Lakshmi (Rajashic form-materialistic) and killed Shumbha and Nishumbha in the form of Goddess Saraswathi (Sathvic-spiritual).

All the three are combined in this Stotra.

It consists of Chapters 74 to 86 (13 chapters) of the Markandeya Purana and has 700 stanzas.

This is known as Devi Mahatmya in South India, Chandi in West Bengal and as Durga Sapthasathi in the northern parts of the country including Varanasi.

How to do Devi Mahatmiya Parayan

There are two methods.

Trayangam is a method in which we need to chant three prayers – Devi Kavacham, Argala Stotram and Devi Keelakam followed by Navakshari Mantram.

Navangam is a method for which nine prayers are recited prior of starting reading the book. Navangam stotrams are: Devi Nyasa, Devi Avahana, Devi Namani, Argala Stotram, Keelaka Stotram, Devi Hrudaya, Dhala, Devi Dhyana and Devi Kavacha.

As per the prescribed methods in ancient scriptures, Devi Mahatmya should be read in one sitting. After finishing the recital of Devi Mahatmya, one should chant the Devi Suktam (slokas 7 to 36 of Chapter 8).

Devi Saptashati Parayana in 3 days & 7 days

Apart from one sitting recital, devotees read Devi mahatmya for three consecutive days: Prathama Charitra or 1st Chapter on first day, Madhyama Charitra (2, 3, 4 chapters) on 2nd day, and Uttama Charitra (5-13 chapters) on third day.

Some devotees also read Devi Mahatmya in 7 days. They chant 1st Chapter on first day, 2-3 chapters on 2nd day, 4th chapter on 3rd day, 5-8 chapters on 4th day, 9-10 chapters on 5th day, 11thchapter on 6th day and 12-13 chapters on 7th day.

Each chapter should be read in single sitting. Due to any reason, Parayana is stopped in between a chapter; the whole chapter should be read again.

The order of reciting Durga Saptashati Parayana daily is: Trayanga Mantra, Devi Mahatmya text followed by Devi Suktam.

Many devotees read Durga Saptashati during Navratri Durga Puja 9/10 days.. Here is the procedure to read Devi Mahatmyam during Navratri

How to read Durga Saptashati (Devi Mahatmyam) during Navratri festival

1st day: Chapter 1 (Madhu kaitabha samhaaram)

2nd day: Chapter 2, 3 and 4 (Mahishhasura samhaara)

3rd day: Chapter 5 and 6 (Dhuumralochana vadha)

4th day: Chapter 7 (Chanda Munda vadha)

5th day: Chapter 8 (Rakta biija samhaara)

6th day: Chapter 9 and 10 (Shumbha Nishumbha vadha)

7th day: Chapter 11 (Praise of Narayani)

8th day: Chapter 12 (Phalastuti – reciting merits or benefits)

9th day: Chapter 13 (Blessings to Suratha and the Merchant)

10th day: Chapter 14 (Aparadha Kshamaprarthana) on 10th day

You can also complete the recital on 9th day by chanting Devi Aparadha Kshama Prarthana Stotram on 9th day itself.

You should read Siddha Kunjika Stotram after completing the recital of every chapter.

Siddhakunjika Stotra.

*

This manthra is of very great power and should not be chanted unless, it is taught by a Guru.

The other is Navangam, where nine prayers are recited before starting reading of the book. They are chanting of 1. Nyasa, 2. Avahana, 3. Namani, 4. Argala, 5. Keelaga, 6. Hrudhaya, 7. Dhala, 8. Dhyana and 9. Kavacha.

It is recommended that the entire Devi Mahatmya should be read in one sitting. After completion of the reading it is necessary to chant the Devi Suktham consisting of the slokas seven to 36 of chapter 8, is to be chanted. If the Guru has taught the navakshari manthra, then it should also be meditated up on.

Citation.

http://stotraratna.sathyasaibababrotherhood.org/pm1.htm

Devi Mahatmiyam Sanskrit Text

Devi Mahatmiyam English

Gowri Habba Hartalika Teej Festival Pooja Details


Managla Gowri Vrata is celebrated with pomp and piety in India.

This festival is clubbed with Ganesh Chaturthi and these two festivals together are called Gowri Ganesha Habba.

Gowri habba is celebrated one day ahead of Ganesha Chaturthi.

Parvathi as Gowri for Gowri habba.jpg Parvathi as Gowri for Gowri habba.

Gowri Habba 2015.

Pratahkal Gowri Puja Muhurat = 06:12 to 08:37
Duration = 2 Hours 24 Mins
Pradoshkal Gowri Puja Muhurat = 18:16 to 20:01
Duration = 1 Hour 44 Mins
Tritiya Tithi Begins = 17:27 on 15/Sep/2015
Tritiya Tithi Ends = 20:01 on 16/Sep/2015

‘It is a significant festival in parts of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. It is known as Hartalika in the North Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Ma Goddess Gowri (Gauri), the mother of Ganesha and wife of Shiva, is worshiped throughout India for her ability to bestow upon her devotees courage and power. Hindu belief has it that Goddess Gowri is the very incarnation of Aadhi Shakthi Mahamaya. She is the Shakthi of Lord Shiva. It is believed that on Thadige, or the third day of the month of Bhaadra, Goddess Gowri comes home like any married woman comes to her parents’ house. The next day Lord Ganesha, her son, comes as if to take her back to Kailasa..

However Gowri festival is observed on a Low key in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

On this day, married women, after bathing, wear new or smart clothes and dress up the girls of the family. Then they do the ‘sthapana’ of either jalagauri or arishinadagauri (a symbolic idol of Gowri made of turmeric). Beautifully painted and decorated clay idols of Goddess Gowri can be bought at the local market. The goddess’ idol is mounted in a plate, with a cereal (rice or wheat) in it. As this ‘puje’ or ritual is to be performed with ‘suchi’ (cleanliness) and ‘shraddhe’ (dedication), the women go to temples or to another person’s house, where it is performed according to set procedures or they can perform the ritual in their own homes.

A mandapa, generally decorated with banana stem and mango leaves, is built around the idol. The Gauri is decorated with garlands, decorations made of cotton, and women have a ‘gauridaara’ (sacred thread with sixteen knots) tied to their right wrists, as blessings of gauri and as part of the vratha. Each of the sixteen knots is worshiped with mantras during the performance of the religious practice.

An interesting part of the festival is offering the baagina. At least five baaginas are prepared as part of the vratha. Each baagina usually contains a packet of arshina (turmeric),kumkum, black bangles, black beads (used in the mangalsutra), a comb, a small mirror, baLe bicchoLe, coconut, blouse piece, dhaanya (cereal), rice, toor dal, green dal, wheat or rava and jaggery cut in a cube form. The baagina is offered in a traditional mora (winnow painted with turmeric). One such baagina is offered to Goddess Gowri and set aside. The remaining Gowri baaginas are given to the married women.

Another specialty of this festival is that the ‘tavaru maneyavaru’ (the married woman’s parents and brothers) send gauri habbada mangaladravya to the married women of their family. Some send money as a substitute for mangaladravya. This good practice remains unchanged and keeps people closer. Newlymarried women give sixteen jothe baagina to sumangalis (married women) and obtain their blessings. One baagina is kept for Gauramma. The main food items in this festival’s feast are the delectable beLe hoLige/Kaayee-hoLige, Huggi/chitranna and Bajji.

Newlywed couples are invited to the house of their in-laws and served with festive food. In the olden days, newlywed couples had to wait till Gowri Habba to consummate their marriage. The logic behind this practice is that if a child is conceived during Gowri Habba, which falls during the winter, the child would be born nine months later, during the summer, when it would be less prone to infections. This practice has been in place for years but has declined in recent times due to modernisation.

For Vrata dtails and procedure with mantras, check the Link( audio link)

Gowri Habba Vratha Prodcedure Mantras Audio

Citations.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gowri_Habba

What Is Brahmotsava,Tirupati Brahmotsva


One would have across the term Brahmotsava being performed n Lord Vishnu Temples.

Brahmotsvams are quite popular in Thirupathi Sri Balaji Temple and Sri Rangam Ranganatha Temple , though the Brahmotsavams are conducted in all the Sri Vaishnava Templs in the South.

What is Brahmotsavam?

Brahmotsavam means a Festival, an offering  By Lord Brahma to Lord Vishnu.

There are legends that Lord Brahma performs the Brahmotsava ans a special Pooja for Lord Visnhu daily at Suchidram Sthaumalaya Temple, where Brahma , Vishnu and Shiva are found in on Idol.

Brahmotsavam,Tirupati.Image.jpg

Brahmotsavam,Tirupati.

While Brahma is believed to perform this every day in the early morning around 4.30 am, Indra, Chief of the Devas, performs in the dead of the night at 12 Midnight.

The performance of the Pooja by Brahma to Lord Vishnu is known as Brahmotsavam.

There is another interpretation.

Brahma in Sanskrit means ,Very big, original cause.

A Big Festival , Pooja in a Temple is called Brahmotsavam.

The dates of Brahmotsavams vary from temple to temple.

‘One of the major Kaalotsavams in Srivaishnava Temples is Brahmotsavam (tiruk-kODi-tirunAL).   Brahmotsavam is conducted at different times in different Temples:
Period of the year in which the Brahmotsavam is conducted varies from temple to
temple. Some examples of when it is performed are: 1. Pratishtapana (Kumbhabhishekam) day of the Temple, 2. Pratishtapana day of Sri Shataari, 3. Thirunakshatram- Birthstar/Birthday of the Temple Deity, 4. Conducted as Shraddotsavam or Kaamyotsavam as desired  (sponsored) by devotees.

Thus, there can be more than one Brahmotsavam in a given year. In the Thirumala
Temple, it is conducted once in the Tamil month ofPurattasi (Sep. 18- Oct.18). It starts on first day of Navaratri (Oct. 10, for 1999) and concludes on Vijayadashami (Oct.19, for 1999), which also happens to be the Thirunakshatram (Shravanam star) of Sri Venkateshwara, the Deity of the Temple. This is the most prominent Brahmotsavam (also called Manava Brahmotsavam). Brahmotsavams in Tirumala are also conducted at three other times of the year, namely: Kaisika Ekadashi (also known as, Raakshasa Brahmotsavam), Mukkoti Dwadashi (also known as, Daiva Brahmotsavam) and Rathasaptami (also known as, Aarsha Brahmotsavam). Besides, these 4 Brahmotsavams in a year, it is also conducted as a shraddotsavam as desired by devotees. It is stated that in the
year 1551 AD, as many as 11 Brahmotsavamas took place.

Origins: Brahmotsavam means “Grand celebration” or a “celebration performed by Brahma”. We will shortly see how both the meanings are appropriate for this event.  Lord Indra once killed a Brahma-raakshasa (a Brahmin with demonic characters). In doing so, he incurred a great sin of killing a Brahmana- “Brahma hatya dosham(BHD)”. To relieve Indra of this burden, Lord Brahma conducted a ceremony. In this ceremony, officiated by Brahma himself, Indra held Sriman Narayana ( Lord Vishnu) on his head during the special ritual bath “Avabritha Snaanam”. This verily was the first Brahmotsavam.

Because of the immense cleansing power of Brahmotsavam, this utsavam is periodically performed in Temples to wash away all wrong doings that may have been
incurred. It is said that the Lord Brahma himself rendered the first Brahmotsavam seva
(service) to Lord Venkateshwara (Vishnu) of the Thirumalai shrine. Indeed, it is a
common belief that every Brahmotsavam is witnessed by Lord Brahma. In recognition
of this, a well decorated empty chariot is pulled in front of the chariot carrying the
deities at the processions held during the Brahmotsavam Brahma is believed to be
seated in that chariot  overseeing  the celebration. Thus, Brahmotsavam is also
referred to as “Brahmapratyakshotsavam” (celebration conducted right in front of
Brahma). References to Brahmotsavam can be found in Varaaha Puraanam (ch.18) and
Bhavishyotthara Puraanam (ch. 24).

Events of Brahmotsava.

Brahmotsavam celebration lasts for 9 days. Brahmotsavam is not just a Temple ritual, but is a grand festival for the whole town. It begins with Ankurarpanam and concludes with AvabhrithaSnanam (Ritual bath or Theerthavaari). On each day, the UtsavaMurthis (Mobile Deities) will be  decorated and taken in procession, once in the morning and once in the evening on different Vahanams (vehicles). In the night, there will also be Unjalseva (Deities seated on the swing). The intricate step by step details vary from Temple to Temple. Here is a brief summary of main events in the Brahmotsavam celebration at the Balaji temple in Thirumalai.

Day 1
Ankurarpanam (planting 9 grains in soil placed in earthen dishes). Kankanadharanam (wrist band) to Utsava Muthi and priests.Procession of Vishvaksenar (Commander-in-chief of Vishnu’s army).
Mritsangrahanam- Collecting the soil for Brahmotsava Yagna(Hawan, Fire ceremony) Peetam. Vishvaksenar returns from procession and enters the Yaga Shaala (Place where Yagnam is conducted), where he is received with Poorna Kumbham honor(special Pot filled with water). He is believed to be the Pradhana Yajaman (Chief conductor) of this Yagnam. This is followed by Procession of Deity on Pedda Sesha (Big serpent) Vahanam.

Day 2
Morning Utsavam (procession) of Deity on Smaller Shesha (smaller serpent) Vahanam.
Dwajaarohanam in the evening. Garuda Dwajam- a flag bearing the emblem of Garuda
(The Eagle- Vehicle of Vishnu) is hoisted with Veda Mantrams from Taittiriya samhita
dedicated to Garuda. This signals start of Brahmotsavam to the whole town. Once the
flag is hoisted, it is expected that no householder leaves town or plans any auspicious
ceremony in the house until the conclusion of Brahmotsavam. Thus the whole town is
able to fully take part in the celebration and not be preoccupied with other personal
activities. Even if someone has to leave town on emergency, they are expected to
return prior to un-hoisting the flag (Dwaja-awarohanam) on day 9.

Day 3
Morning procession on Lion (Simha Vahanam)

Day 4
Morning procession on the “every desire fulfilling giving tree” (Kalpavriksha
vahanam)

Day 5
Deity is dressed as Mohini (temptress, a form of Vishnu) and taken procession in
ivory pallaki (carrier).
Night procession is taken on Eagle (Garuda vahanotsavam – Garuda Sevai).

Day 6
Morning: Procession on Hanuman (Monkey, devotee of Rama/Vishnu) vahanam.
Night procession on Gaja (Elephant) vahanam.

Day 7
Morning procession on Surya Prabha (Sun) vahanam.
Evening procession on Chandra Prabha(Moon) vahanam.

Day 8

Morning: Rathotsavam -Ratha (chariot) Yatra (procession) for the Deities.
Night: Procession on Ashva (horse) vahanam.

Day 9
Morning: Deities carried in pallaki (carrier) to the Pushkarani (sacred pond) in front of
the Varaha Swami (the Boar incarnation of Vishnu) Temple for the special bath
-Abhishekam and Avabritha Snanam (Theerthavaari thirumanjanam). All devotees
also take bath in the pushkarani. The Deities are taken back to the Kalyana Mantapam
of the Temple. The flag is un-hoisted, marking the conclusion of Brahmotsavam. Even
watching the video of this majestic celebration in itself deeply touches our heart, mind, eyes and ears.

References::

1. S.K. Ramachandra Rao, The Hill-Shrine of Vengadam: Art, Architecture and Agama
of Tirumala Temple, First Edition, (Ed., Daivajna K.N. Somayaji), Pub., Kalpatharu
Research Academy, Bangalore, 1993.

2. S.K. Ramachandra Rao, Thirupathi Thimmappa (in Kannada), IBH publihers,
Bangalore, 1980.