Million Year Tamil Site Pallavaram Chennai Dated Report

I  posted an article that the Tamils lived around 74,000 years ago and that too near Chennai.

I forgot to provide the Link.

Scroll down for Video.

This led to the speculation that I have been providing information not backed up by facts.

Readers of this site know well that I never post information without evidence nor providing information without authentic links.

I forgot in the above case.

Attirampakkam,Chennai being excavated.Jpg Attirampakkam,Chennai being excavated..

That is also good in the sense that I have been able to get more information on the site and details.

The site is now estimated to be around .

‘Archaeologists have discovered India’s oldest stone-age tools, up to 1.5 million years old, at a prehistoric site near Chennai. The discovery may change existing ideas about the earliest arrival of human ancestors from Africa into India…

The Story of Attirampakkam.

One hundred and fifty years ago, on May 30, 1863, young geologist Robert Bruce Foote bent down and picked up a stone tool on the Parade Ground at Pallavaram cantonment, near Chennai. It turned out to be an epochal discovery. Foote’s discovery revolutionised the study of India’s pre-history.

Attirampakkam (13°13′50″N, 79°53′20″E, 38.35 m a.s.l), is an open-air Palaeolithic site situated near a meandering tributary stream of the river Kortallaiyar, northwest of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, along the southeast coast of India. Discovered in September 1863, by Robert Bruce Foote and his colleague William King, it was investigated in the early to mid 20th century by several scholars- T.T. Paterson, V.D.Krishnaswami and K.D.Banerjee. Later work on the prehistory of this region was conducted by A.Swami. S.Pappu’s doctoral dissertation on the prehistory of the Kortallaiyar river basin (see publications), highlighted the importance of the context of artefacts at this site, in addition to other observations on the nature of the prehistoric record of this region.

A team of Indian and French archaeologists have used two dating methods including Cosmogenic nuclide burial dating to show that the stone hand-axes and cleavers from Attirampakkam are at least 1.07 million years old, and could date as far back as 1.5 million years.

12 years of painstaking work

The Tamil Nadu site was first discovered in 1863 by British geologist Robert Bruce Foote, and has been excavated at various times since then.

Archaeologists Shanti Pappu and Kumar Akhilesh from the Sharma Centre for Heritage Education have spent the last 12 years continuing to excavate the site and have now found 3,528 artefacts that bear a distinct similarity to prehistoric tools discovered in western Asia and Africa.

The tools fall into a class of artefacts called Acheulian that scientists believe were first created by Homo erectus – ancestors of modern humans – in Africa about 1.6 million years ago.

“This means that soon after early humans invented the Acheulian tools, they crossed formidable geographical barriers to get to southern Asia,” said Michael Petraglia, an archaeologist at the University of Oxford, who is an expert in Asian prehistoric archaeology but was not associated with the Chennai study. “The suggestion that this occurred 1.5 million years ago is simply staggering,” he said.

Petraglia himself had earlier been involved in excavating the Hunsgi valley in Karnataka, which has yielded 1.27 million-year-old stone tools, regarded as India’s oldest until now. Although earlier excavations had revealed Acheulian tools at a few sites on the Indian subcontinent, including a two million-year-old site in Pakistan, the dates assigned to the artefacts so far have remained under debate.

The latest dating techniques

Pappu and her colleagues assigned dates to the Attirampakkam tools by analysing traces of certain elements embedded in them and by correlating the archaeological layers excavated at the site with changes in the Earth’s magnetic field.

“We adopted two different dating methods and arrived at consistent results,” Shanti Pappu explained “We believe this is the strongest evidence so far for an Acheulian industry in India older than one million years.”

The dating studies were carried out by collaborating geophysicists in French academic institutions. Researchers believe the new dates will have major implications for current ideas about who carried the Acheulian culture into India.

In the past, some researchers had attributed the flow of Acheulian tools into southern Asia and Europe to the Homo heidelbergensis, another ancestor of modern humans but one that appeared long after the Homo erectus. But the 1.5 million year date assigned to the Attirampakkam tools suggests that groups of Homo erectus carried the tool-making culture into India.

In an independent research study, Petraglia and his colleagues have analysed Acheulian tools in India that appear to be only 120,000 years old. The two findings suggest that the Acheulian toolmakers inhabited India for 1.4 million years – from 1.5 million years ago to 120,000 years ago.

“The excavators have done an outstanding job, unprecedented in archaeology studies in India. This means soon after early humans invented the Acheulean tool kit 1.6 million years ago, groups migrated out of Africa crossing formidable barriers to get to southern Asia,” confirmed Michael Petragalia.

What sets apart the Indo-French discovery from other similar previous findings is the dating accuracy.

The tools in Attirampakkam suggest that the Homo erectus carried the Acheulian culture into India before the Homo heidelbergensis ferried this tool-making culture into Europe, where the earliest sites are about 600,000 years old, said Robin Dennel, a senior archaeologist at the University of Sheffield, in a special scientific commentary in the March 2011 issue of Science.

Early Pleistocene Presence of Acheulian Hominins in South India

Shanti Pappu, Yanni Gunnell, Kumar Akhilesh,Régis Braucher,Maurice Taieb, François Demory, Nicolas Thouveny

Read the full paper in Science, March 25th, 2011.

South Asia is rich in Lower Paleolithic Acheulian sites. These have been attributed to the Middle Pleistocene on the basis of a small number of dates, with a few older but disputed age estimates. Here, we report new ages from the excavated site of Attirampakkam, where paleomagnetic measurements and direct 26Al/10Be burial dating of stone artifacts now position the earliest Acheulian levels as no younger than 1.07 million years ago (Ma), with a pooled average age of 1.51 ± 0.07 Ma. These results reveal that, during the Early Pleistocene, India was already occupied by hominins fully conversant with an Acheulian technology including handaxes and cleavers among other artifacts. This implies that a spread of bifacial technologies across Asia occurred earlier than previously accepted.

You can read more about this paper by following this link

You can also check out perspectives on this paper by Robin Dennell in the same issue of Science.

A comment on this paper is also present on John Hawks web blog

More comments on Sheila Mishra’s web blog

The contents are copyrighted.

Please visit the sites.

Reference and Citation for  research.Thanks to these Studies.









A discovery that changed the antiquity of humankind who lived in Indian subcontinent









* Some links may be broken and some have moved

Hindusim, Tamils

Tambaram Stone Age Settlement Rajendra Chola Inscriptions

The areas around Tambaram, especially the stretch from Nemilicherry, Nanmangalam , and the route from nanmangalam is declared as archeological area.

I investigated this.

This is the information.

Tambaram,now a bustling suburb of Chennai was a settlement of Stone Age People.

Implement of the Stone Age and Iron Age have been found here for a radius of 10km from Old Tambaram.

A 13th Century inscription of  Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola have been found(1000 AD).

Stone Age Hand Axe, Tambram.image.jpg

Stone Age Hand Axe, Tambram, Chennai

The area then was called Thondai Nadu.

Aathondai Flower.Image,jpg

Aathondai ,Capporis zeylanicaFlowers Used by the Pallava Kings.

Tambaram is referred to as  Taamapuram.

It’s still earlier name was Gunaseelpuram

Kunrathur near Tambaram is the birthplace of Sekkizhar who compiled the 63 Nayanmars ‘(Devotees of Shiva) lives, calling the work as Periyapuranam.

This was first inaugurated during the reign of Rajaraja Chola.


. One of the famous battles of Pallava history was fought in this region. The later Cholas, the Pandias and the Vijayanagar kings also ruled this region. Even the flowers in the jungle are connected with our history. During February and March the beautiful pink and white flowers of the aathondai or thondai creepers (Capparis zeylanica)1 adorn the campus. The region of thondai nadu comprising mainly Madras and Chinglepet districts derives its name from this flower from which garlands of the famous Pallava kings were made.

About 200,000 years ago people of the Old Stone Age (Lower Paleolithic Culture) roamed about Tambaram. They fashioned rough stone implements out of quartzite and used them for hunting and skinning wild animals. These implements or artifacts are called ‘ the hand axes of Madras industry.’ . The primitive men did not know the use of wooden handles for their stone axe-heads but used their hands instead. The first hand axe was picked up at Pallavaram over a century ago, and within the campus, several artifacts have been picked up by students4 and members of staff .


Around 300 B.C., there were people of the Iron Age living in Tambaram area and they built their burial monuments in the form of dolmens and stone circles which are called Megaliths5 (big stones). Fine examples of such Megalithic Monuments can be seen about 100 metres east of the Great Southern Trunk Road near Guduvancheri railway station.

Tambaram region must have been a flourishing country during the later Chola period which lasted for about 250 years after 1000 A.D. Tamil inscriptions of the Cholas are found in Manimangalam, Tiruneermalai, Tirusoolam and Kunrathoor. At Kunrathoor, the birth-place of Sekkilar, one Kaasyappa was the local doctor (Vaidya) 8 and some lands were set apart for his services. Inscriptions at Tiruneermalai refer to certain merchants from Pammal showing that this village near Pallavaram existed even then. Inscriptions at Manimangalam of Rajadhiraja I (1018-1054) give us details of a war with Ceylonese kings. Rajadhiraja defeated one Veerasalaamaygan of Ceylon, carried away his wife and sister and cut off the nose of his mother. This sort of barbaric behaviour seems to have been very common in those days even though the kings were supposed to follow Manu’s Dharma Sastra. Stories of such mutilations and abductions have been handed down to us in epics like the Ramayana. The inscriptions of Kulothunga I (1070-1120), the hero of Kalingathu parani, are found at Tirusoolam near Pallavaram and of the inscriptions of Kulothunga III there are several in this area.

At Pammal, on the basement of a ruined Siva temple, two Chola inscriptions not heretofore noticed were copied by the students. One is dated in the reign of Tribhuvanachakravarti Sri Rajarajadeva, and the other, in the reign of Virarajendra.

The inscription of the time of Rajaraja (III) is incomplete. It refers to an endowment for burning a lamp at a temple at Pammal. The inscription mentions that the village of Pammal belonged to Surathurnadu. It may be interesting to note that Surathurnadu was a territorial division probably named after Tiruchuram. Tiruchuram happens to be the old name of the apsidal Chola temple near Pallavaram, which is now called Tirusulam.

The second inscription at Pammal is dated in the 35th year of the reign of Virarajendra Chola. If Virarajendra is Rajendra III, the king who succeeded Rajaraja III, then this is probably the latest reported inscription of the reign of Rajendra III.

The inscription is complete and refers to an endowment of land by Panchanadhivaanan Nilakangarayan and to its exemption from taxes. The endowment is made to the temple of Azhaga Perumal by the Sri Vaishnavas.

Of special interest was the fact that this inscription refers to Tambaram, which is also called Gunaseelanallur. Tambaram is referred to here as Taampuram.


A a newly discovered Chola inscription on the basement of the Ahatisvara temple in Perungalatur gives the old name of the village as Perunkulatur, that is, the village of the big tank.

Pandya inscriptions are found at Kunrathoor, Tirusoolam and Tiruneermalai. Temple building activity which started during the Chola period continued during the Vijayanagar period in this area and inscriptions of the Vijayanagar kings of the 14th to the 17th centuries are found here. This brings us to the modern period.

This find will be one of the references for my theory that the Sanatana Dharma was in Dravida desa , if not originated from it.



1.S. Gamble, Flora of the Presidency of Madras (Calcutta, 1957), p. 33.
2 Nandikkalambakam (Tamil), (Madras, 1961), p. 66.
3 V. D. Krishnaswami, ‘ Stone Age India ‘, Ancient India (1947).
4 The largest hand axe was picked up by Mitran Devanesen when he was a student here in the Pre-University class.
5 N. R. Banerjee, ‘ Megalithic problem of Chinglepet district in the light of the recent exploration’, Ancient India, (1956), pp. 22-32.
6 V. Rangacharya, Inscriptions of the Madras Presidency, Vol. i (Madras, 1919), p. 411.
7 E. Hultzsch, South Indian Inscriptions, Vol. I (Madras, 1890), p. 152.
8 K. V. Raman, The Early History of the Madras Region (Madras,1957), p. 184.
9 E. Hultzsch, South Indian Inscriptions, Vol. 3, Part I (Madras, 1899), p. 53.
10 Annual Report of Epigraphy (1932-33), p. 75.

Lord krishna with Radha,Image.jpg

Krishna Attended Tamil Sangam Daughter in Madurai

This is  a part of a series of articles on how the Sanatna Dharma and Tamil Dravida was intertwined.


Rama’s ancestor Vaivaswatha Manu migrated from Dravida to Ayodhya after a Tsunami.


Krishna as a Toddler.jpgLord Krishna attended Tamil Poet summit.jpg

Toddler Krishna


Shiva and his son Ganesha  migrated through the Middle east to Arctic, after establishing their lineage, clan in the present Europe,Africa, and the successors reentered Bharata varsha from the Arctic through Russia ,Iran .


Valmiki is considered as a Siddha and wrote a literary work Vanmikar Pathinaaru,Valmiki’s Sixteen, which deals with Philosophy and Practical Life.


Krishna married a Pandya Princess and had a Daughter through her.


Arjuna married a Pandyan Princess and had a son, Babruvahana.


Sahadeva traveled in the South.


Tamil Chera King,Perunchotru Udiyan Cheralathan fed both the Pandava and Kaurava Armies during the Mahabharata Battle and performed Tharpana in Tamil Nadu, (Rites for Dead killed during the war).


Ravana entered into a peace treaty with a Pandya King.


Rig Veda and Puranas have references to pieces, Elephant Tusks,Gems, and Pearls being imported from Tamil Nadu /Dravida.


Tamil Kings were present during the Swayamwar of Damayanthi, Sita, Draupadi, descriptions of the may be found in the Ramayana ,Mahabharata and the Puranas.


I have some articles on this.


During the Mahabharata Days the interaction between the South and the North were more intense and frequent than what it was during the Ramayana Period.


Lord Krishna attended the Tamil Sangam,Conclave of Poets held at Kavatapuram.


He was a special Invitee.


“Krishna was known to Tamil lands even during his life time. He had been one of the esteemed guests at the 2nd Sangam assemblage that took place in Kavaatam, the then capital of the Pandyans. Kavaatam’s location can be deciphered from Shugreeva’s description of the trail to the South which he described to the vanaras in chapter 4-41-19a. That place was submerged around the time Byt Dwaraka was submerged.”


Krishna married Nappinnai, a Pandyan Princess and had a Daughter Pandyahs, that’s how Megasthanes calls her.


Krishna had probably had his daughter married to a Pandya Prince and had her settled near Madurai.


Krishna’s daughter had been given a gift of 365 Yadava Families by Krishna.


Krishna’s daughter’s descendants have been in existence during the Silappadhikaram, A Tamil Epic, period, where it is mentioned that the Ayar woman performed the story of Hari Vamsa.


“The inference is that she must have been one among the 365 families of Yadavas of Mathura or Dwaraka whom Krishna must have sent as his gifts to his daughter on her marriage to the Pandyan king. The Krishna cult can therefore be said to have started in Tamil lands even at that time when Krishna was around. The Rasa lila which is not found in any ancient Sanskrit text but cropped up as late as the 15th century in the North, is found mentioned in Agananuru written not less than 2000 years ago goes to show that the intimate memories of Krishna had been carried by the Yadavas who had once shared their moments with Krishna.




Hanuman Shifts Sanjeevi Parvatha Right To Left Temple

Struck by the Astra of Indrajit, son of Ravana, Lakshmana fainted.


On the advice of Sage Agastya, Hanuman flew and brought the Sanjeevi Parvatha, unable to find a particular herb to the battle field in Sri Lanka.


While bringing it, he had to pass through a temple of Lord Venkateswara.



He wanted to worship the Lord.


As a mark of respect, he shifted the Sanjeevi parvatha from his left hand to the right.


As Hanuman did not keep the mountain down, the place is called  ‘place where the mountain was not kept’ திருமலை வையாவூர்.


The Prasanna Venkatesa Temple is 70 km from Chennai and 18 km from Chengalpattu.


Nearest Railway station.Chennai, Chengalpattu.


Bus Station.Chengalpattu.


While traveling from Chennai, after crossing Chengalpattu, one can find Padaalam Cross Road (Koot Road) from where a road goes off GST Road on the right side. This road leads to Thirumalai Vaiyaavoor.


Airport. Chennai.


Buses are available from Chengalpattu.


The main deity Sri Srinivaasa Perumaal is seen facing west.

The Lord is beautifully decorated with ornaments and gives dharshan exactly as in Thirupathi. Goddess Sri Alarmel Mangai Thaayaar has a separate shrine here.

There are separate shrines for Sri Aandaal and Sri Ramanuja too.


More legends.


Once a demon king called Hiranyaakshan took the earth and kept under his custody, hiding it deep inside the ocean. Lord Vishnu took Varaaha Avatar, killed the demon and brought back the earth to its position. After this Sri Varaaha Perumaal wished to take abode on a hill to bless the world. He directed Sri Garuda to bring a hill from Vaikuntam itself. Sri Garuda Bhagavan brought a hill from Vaikuntam and placed it near the banks of Swarnamuki River, which was called Garudagiri (present Thirupathi). While Sri Garuda carried the hill, a small part of it broke and fell near the banks of the river Palar and came to be known as Dhakshina Garudagiri (Thirumalai Vaiyaavoor).

After placing the hill in the banks of river Swarnamuki, Sri Garuda prayed God to see His Viswaroopa Dharsanam. As wished by Sri Garuda, Lord Vishnu gave him Viswaroopa Dharshan in the form of Sri Varaaha Perumaal here at Dhakshina Garudagiri.

Once, Lord Vishnu told Sri Aadhiseshan to take the form of a mountain on Garudagiri, for Him to take abode and bless the world during Kaliyugam. Sri Aadhiseshan took form of a hill on Garudagiri and from then the place (Thirupathi) came to be known as Seshagiri. Lord Vishnu took abode as Sri Srinivaasa Perumaal on Seshagiri in the Thamizh month of Purattaasi, on the day of Dwadasi when ‘Thiruvonam’ star occurred.

Sri Aadhiseshan prayed Sri Srinivaasa Perumaal and told that he had a wish to serve as an umbrella to the Lord. Sri Srinivaasa Perumaal agreed and told that his wish would come true at Dhakshina Garudagiri. In Thirumalai Vaiyaavoor Sri Aadhiseshan is seen above the deity Sri Srinivaasa Perumaal’s head as an umbrella. Hence, this place came to be known as Dhakshina Seshagiri.





Chambers Of The Heart Temple Hrudayaleswarar For Chest Problems

There is a temple which is believed to cure Heart  problems,Lung Diseases, Asthma and Chronic Bronchitis.


Here the inner roof of the temple is designed resembling the four chambers of the Heart.


Thee was a Pallava King named Rajasimhan, who built a Temple for Lord Shiva and fixed the Muhurat for the Kumbhabishekam.


The night before the Kumbhabhishekam Lord Shiva is reported to have appeared in the King’s dream and informed him that He could not be present for the consecration ceremony as He had already agreed to be present for a Temple being built by Poosalar.

The King along with his  entourage set forth to find out who could be building a better temple than a King,only to find a poor man sitting under a tree meditating.

On enquiring him , it was known that the poor man was devotee of Lord Shiva, was building a Temple for Him in his heart and fixed the date for consecration, which was the same as fixed by the King.

The King was able to see the Tempe visualised by Poosalar.

He built a Temple on the design of Poosalar and inner roof was designed to resemble the four chambers of the Heart.

The temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is in Thiruninravur, near Chennai.


How to reach.


Tiruninravur is 30 kms from Chennai.

Suburban trains from Chennai central to Arakonam, Tiruvallur, Tiruttani and Kadambattur stop at Tiruninravur.

Share autos, private autos and buses are available to go to the temple.

The temple is within walking distance from the Railway Station.(2Km)

Bus station.Thiruninravur.Buses are available from Chennai.




Sannadhis for the follwong can be found in the temple.

Hrudayaleeswarar(Onwho resides and the Lord in The Heart)
Maragada ambika
Paal vinayagar
Paal Murugar
Maha Vishnu
Subramanya swamy

Thirunindravur, the place where the temple of Hridayaleeswarar is situated is located in the Thiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu near Chennai. The inner roof of the temple is fashioned like that of a heart divided into four compartments probably displaying Poosalaar’s conception. Parvati here is worshipped as Maragathambigai. Poosalaar’s statue is found with folded hands in the shrine of Irudhayaleeeswarar. Irudhayaleeswarar is also worshipped as Manavaleswarar. People with an ailing heart is said to flock to this temple for speedy recovery due to Irudhayaleeswarar’s grace.