Parvati Awaits You Bhubaneswar City Of Thousand Temples

And Kancheepuram,Tamil Nadu is called the City of temples.

And Kumbakonam.

But the city that had over one thousand temples is,


Most of the temples have been demolished by the Mughals.

What remains is only a miniscule.

The History of India and it’s Culture is astounding and at times mind boggling.

Be it’s antiquity,its rich literature and customs, Culture.

Great Temples of India Burma and Ceylon .book page.Screenshot
Great Temples of India Burma and Ceylon . Screenshot.

And Temples.

I have been writing this blog for the past nine years on Hinduism, Indian philosophy , it’s traditions, literature, diversity,advanced scientific concepts in ancient times, it’s presence throughout the world and architecture.

And I have traveled widely in India, especially Temples.

But I was awestruck by a book written by a foreigner in the eighteenth century on the Great temples of India.

I have provided the Link to the book towards the close of the article.

I am humbled at my ignorance of my own Culture and Religion.

I have been under the impression that temples abound in South India when compared to North India.

And Kancheepuram,Tamil Nadu is called the City of temples.

And Kumbakonam.

But the city that had over one thousand temples is,


Most of the temples have been demolished by the Mughals.

What remains is only a miniscule.

To point,I have been able to find a list of about 54 Temples in Bhubaneswar now.

What happened to the others?

Will someone from Odisha enlighten me with a List of Temples?

I plan to write on each of them.

One must remember that Kalinga was a region dating back to 25,000 years.

I have written on this.

Some points o found in the Book I mentioned are quite new to me.

1.Bhubaneswar has more Shiva temples.

2.There is a temple for Yama and for Parasirameshwar.

3. The Bisveswara temple used twenty two ceremonies a day to the Deity.

4. In this temple, Shiva is informed at night before closing the Garbhagruha,

‘Parvati Awaits you’

I recall about temple accounts being read to Madurai Meenakshi Every night.

Information about temples requested.

We do not seem to know even the existing temples.

Less said about the demolished temples, the better.

Those who have information,photos of temples that were destroyed, I will be grateful.

It is our duty to keep our. Younger generation informed about our glorious heritage.

Check out the Book.

Great temples of India Ceylon Burmah

Adhik Maas Additional Month Hindu Calendar Purushottam Maas Details

Those who follow the Lunar calendar,Chaandra Manasa have one month extra once in three years.

This extra month is called the Adhik Maas, additional month to align it with the Solar calendar,Saura Manasa.

There are five calendars in Vogue in India.

They are,

In general there are five calendars being followed in India.

Vikrama,in North,

Shalivahana in Deccan,

Tamil in Tamil Nadu,

Malayalam calendar in Kerala and

Bengali calendar in Eastern India.

There are more regional versions of Calendars.

These vary.

However the two principles are,

1.Follow the movement of the Sun.

This is called Saura Manasa (Solar)

2. Follow the movement of the Moon.

Chandra Manasa.

Those who follow the Lunar calendar,Chaandra Manasa have one month extra once in three years.

This extra month is called the Adhik Maas, additional month to align it with the Solar calendar,Saura Manasa.

This month is called Purushottam Mass and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu.

The reason is that Surya is considered to be the Visible Reality,Prathyaksha Brahma.

And he is An Adhitya.

He is one of the twelve Adhityas.

Vishnu is an Adhitya in His manifestation.

He is also the Protector.

Hence the Adhik Maas is dedicated to Him.

Extra Month, or Adhika Māsa falls every 32.5 months on an average. It is also known as Puruśottama Māsa, it is said that the name was given by Lord Vishnu as his name to this month. The solar year is made up of 365 days and about 6 hours, and the lunar year is made up of 354 days. Thus there is a gap of 11 days, 1 hour, 31 minutes and 12 seconds between the lunar and the solar years. As this gap accumulates each year, it approximates in three years to one month. No adhik mas falls during Margsheersh to Magh. A case of Adhik Karttik is extremely rare, but in the 250-year span (1901-2150 AD) it would occur once, in 1963 AD.

The Moon takes about 27.3 days to make one complete orbit around the earth. The earth orbits around the sun once every 365.2422 days (= earth’s orbital speed of 29.79 km per second). The earth and the moon in 27.3 days have moved as a system about 1/12 of the way around the sun. This means that from one full moon to the next full moon, the moon must travel 2.2 extra days before it appears again as a full moon, due to the curve of the earth’s orbit around the sun. Ultimately this creates a variance of 10.87 days a year between a lunar year and a solar year. To compensate for this difference, the additional month is added after every 32.5 months on average.

Just as there are lunar years with the extra month making 13 total months, there are lunar years with a reduced number of months, with only eleven months in the particular lunar year. The lunar year with eleven months is very rare. It occurs once in 140 years or once in 190 years…

Religious significance.

A month-long mela (fair) is celebrated in Machhegaun village in Nepal during Adhika Māsa. It is general belief that one can wash away all his sins by taking a bath in the pond at Machhenarayan temple.

Since this is a special month which does not come every year, there are no specific festivals like Dasara or Diwali in this month. Rather this month is treated as special and holy month and many people perform the adhik maas vrata. People perform extra mala japas, pradakshinas, pilgrimages, scriptural reading and parayans.

During Purushottam Maas, people perform various types of religious rituals such as keeping fast, recitation of religious scriptures, mantras, prayers, performing various types of puja and havan. Vratas (fasts) of various durations (full day, half day, weekly, fortnight, full month) are often undertaken. The vratasmay be of complete fasting with liquids only or without liquids, fasting with fruits only or keeping fast with vegetarian food, as the individual can tolerate. It is said that the persons performing good deeds (satkarma) in this month conquer their senses (indriyas) and they totally come out of punar janam (the cycle of rebirth).’

Reference and citation.

Route By Vanaras New-Zealand Far East Ramayana Description Accurate

Here the Vanaras are given directions to search for Sita. From the ease of Indiafrom Australia, New Zealand,Japan, Indonesia, Thailand and in the passing reference is taken to America.

Those secular scholars,who consider everything Indian texts state as ‘Myths’,may check these texts and verify them with facts from their only trusted resources from the West and comment.

I am providing list of ancient names of places and modern equivalentsancient names of places and modern equivalents for easy identification.

List of ancient Indian kingdoms

Taking reference to Indian text, Valmiki Ramayana,I have written on the route taken by Lord Rama in search of Sita.

Here below I furnish the route taken by the Vanaras of Sugreeva,as directed by him,in search of Sita.

Here the Vanaras are given directions to search for Sita. From the ease of Indiafrom Australia, New Zealand,Japan, Indonesia, Thailand and in the passing reference is taken to America.

I had earlier written on how Sugreeva identifies the Nazca Lines of Peru.

The text and translation is from Valmiki Ramayan site. I have provided the Link towards the close of the article.

Some relevant explanations are from

Vedic cafe,an excellent site for information on India’s antiquity.

In fact, this blog provides more of Western sources to prove that these secuarists are either ignorant of these sources or conveniently selective to malign India and it’s Culture.

‘ततो रक्त जलम् प्राप्य शोण आख्यम् शीघ्र वाहिनीम् |
गत्वा पारम् समुद्रस्य सिद्ध चारण सेवितम् || ४-४०-३३
तस्य तीर्थेषु रम्येषु विचित्रेषु वनेषु च |
रावणः सह वैदेह्या मार्गितव्यः ततः ततः || ४-४०-३४

33. tataH = then; rakta jalam = that has – red, waters; shiighra vaahiniim = speedily, drifting; shoNa aakhyam [agaadham = Shona, reputed as, [or a very deep river]; praapya = on getting at; samudrasya = of ocean; siddha caaraNa sevitam = siddha-s, carana-s, adored; such a; paaram = other coast; gatvaa = having gone to; tasya ramyeSu tiirtheSu = at its [Shona river’s, beautiful, ghats [declivities]; vicitreSu vaneSu ca = in amazing, forests [alongshore, also; tataH tataH = there, and there; vaidehyaaH = of Vaidehi; saha = together with – as well as; raavaNaH = Ravana; maargitavyaH = be scouted around; thnen you proceed to Plaksha Island.

“Then, having gone to the other coast of the ocean you reach River Shona, waters of which will be reddish with deep and speedy drift, and which is adored by siddha-s and carana-s. You have to scout thereabout for Vaidehi as well as for Ravana, at those beautiful ghats, say littorals of that Shona River, and in the amazing forests alongshore. Then proceed to an island called Plaksha Island. [4-40-34]..

पर्वत प्रभवा नद्यः सुभीम बहु निष्कुटाः |
मार्गितव्या दरीमन्तः पर्वताः च वनानि च || ४-४०-३५

35. su bhiima = very, vast; bahu niSkuTaaH = with many, [pleasure gardens; parvata prabhavaa nadyaH = from mountain, emerging, rivers; dariimantaH parvataaH ca = cavernous, mountains, also; vanaani ca = forests, also; maargitavyaa = are to be searched; then proceed to Ikshu island.

“On that Plaksha Island very vast rivers emerge from mountains, but alongshore they have many pleasure gardens. You have to search in those gardens and at rivers together with cavernous mountains and forests of that island, and then proceed to Ikshu Island. [4-40-35]

ततः समुद्र द्वीपान् च सुभीमान् द्रष्टुम् अर्हथ |
ऊर्मिमंतम् महारौद्रम् क्रोशंतम् अनिल उद्धितम् || ४-४०-३६

36. tataH = then; su bhiimaan samudra dviipaan ca = extremely, ghastly, ocean’s, [Ikshu islands, also; mahaa raudram = terribly, furious; anila uddhitam = by wind, up-heaved – tempestuous;kroshantam = blaring; uurmimantam = tide-ripped; [ikshu samudram ca = salt ocean, also]; draSTum arhatha = to see, apt of you.

“It will be apt of you to proceed from there and see the terribly furious, tempestuous, blaring, and tide-ripped ocean called ikshu samudra, Salt Ocean, and that ocean’s islands which will be extremely ghastly. [4-40-36]

ततो रक्तजलम् भीमम् लोहितम् नाम सागरम् |
गत्वा प्रेक्ष्यथ ताम् चैव बृहतीम् कूटशाल्मलीम् || ४-४०-३९

39. tataH rakta jalam = from there, red, water; bhiimam disastrous; lohitam naama saagaram = Lohita [Red Ocean, named, ocean; gatvaa = on getting at; bR^ihatiim taam kuuTashaalmaliim = colossal, that one, Kutashalmali tree; prekSyatha = you shall see.

“From there, on going to the disastrous ocean named Lohita, Red Ocean, for its waters are red, you shall see the colossal tree Kuuta-shalmali. This island is called shaalmali dwiipa, Shaalmali Island because oif this tree. [4-40-39]

This kuuTa-shalmali tree in Indian variety is Andersonia Rohitaka, and in Malayan, Malaysian variety, it is Kapok tree, [Ceiba pentandra, the seeds of which are covered with silk cotton. Because it is on Shalmali Island, one among Java, Sumatra etc., islands, it is called kuuTa shalmali tree. The Red Ocean is also called madhu samudra ‘Wine Ocean.’

गृहम् च वैनतेयस्य नाना रत्न विभूषितम् |
तत्र कैलास संकाशम् विहितम् विश्वकर्मणा || ४-४०-४०

40. tatra = there; naanaa ratna vibhuuSitam = numerous, jewels, decorated with; kailaasa sankaasham = to Mt. Kailash, in similarity; vishvakarmaNaa vihitam = by Vishvakarma, ordered [constructed by]; vainateyasya gR^iham ca = Vinata’s son [Garuda’s, mansion, also; [prekSyatha = you shall see.

“On that Shalmali Island in Wine Ocean you will be seeing the mansion of Vinata’s son, namely Garuda, the Eagle-vehicle of Vishnu, which is decorated with numerous jewels, and which in sheen will be like Mt. Kailash, the abode of Shiva. This mansion is a construction of Vishvakarma, the Heavenly Architect. [4-40-40]

तत्र शैल निभा भीमा मन्देहा नाम राक्षसाः |
शैल शृंगेषु लंबन्ते नाना रूपा भयावहाः || ४-४०-४१

41. tatra = thereabout; shaila shR^ingeSu = from mountain, peaks; shaila nibhaa = mountain, similar; bhiimaa = merciless ones; naanaa ruupaaH = with various, shapes; bhaya aavahaaH = horror, bringing – horrifying beings; mandehaa naama raakSasaaH = Mandeha, named demons; lambante = will be dangling [upside down.

“Thereabout horrifying and merciless demons of various shapes and similar to mountains in size, called Mandeha-s, will be dangling upside down from mountain peaks. [4-40-41]

तत्र तत् कोपजम् तेजः कृतम् हयमुखम् महत् || ४-४०-४८
अस्य आहुः तन् महावेगम् ओदनम् स चराचरम् |

48b, 49a. tatra = there; tat kopa jam = that, from anger, originated – originated from the anger of Aurasa; mahat = fantastic one; haya mukham = horse, face; tejaH kR^itam = by refulgent Fire, made – by the anger of Aurasa; sa cara a caram = with, mobile, not, mobile [sessile beings]; mahaa vegam = highly speedy [waves of ocean]; tat = that [water of ocean]; asya odanam aahuH = its [to the Fire,] victuals, said to be.

“There exists a fantastically refulgent Fire in the form of Horse’s Face that originated from the anger of Sage Aurasa. The victuals to that Fire is said to be that highly speedy waves of the ocean, together with all of the mobile and sessile beings of the world at the close of each Era. [4-40-48b, 49a]

Aurasa derives from the word uuru, meaning ‘the thigh.’ The mother of this sage hid him under her thigh when some kings came to kill, as such he got this name. Then with vengeance this sage started to burn the world with his yogic fire, but his manes came to him to pacify and asked him to release his yogic fire in oceanic water. When he did so, that fire remained underwater, ready to emerge from a cavity like that of a she-horse’s mouth, from beneath the ocean from the South Pole. This fire is called vaDaba agni, or baDaba anala , referred here as Horse’s Face. At the time of yuga anta, End of Era, that fire emerges out, and the whole creation, with all its sessile and mobile beings, becomes its fuel, as said in next verse. This episode is detailed in aadi parva , First Canto, Maha Bharata

स्वादु उदस्य उत्तरे देशे योजनानि त्रयोदश |
जातरूप शिलो नाम सुमहान् कनक प्रभः || ४-४०-५०

50. svaadu udasya uttare deshe = soft, water’s [ocean’s northern, province; trayaH dasha yojanaani = three, ten [thirteen,] yojana-s – in spread; su mahaan = hugely, enormous; kanaka prabhaH = golden, in glitter; jaataruupa shilaH naama = Jaataruupa-shila, Golden, Rock, famed as [mountain; aasiit= is there.]

“On the northern province of that soft-water ocean there is a hugely enormous mountain named Jaataruupa-shila, Golden Rock Mountain, which glitters like gold and which spreads across thirteen yojana-s. [4-40-50].

पूर्वस्याम् दिशि निर्माणम् कृतम् तत् त्रिदशेश्वरैः |
ततः परम् हेममयः श्रीमान् उदय पर्वतः || ४-४०-५४
तस्य कोटिः दिवम् स्पृष्ट्वा शत योजनम् आयता |
जातरूपमयी दिव्या विराजति स वेदिका || ४-४०-५५

54. tat = that; nirmaaNam = construction – of golden pylon of palm tree; puurvasyaam dishi = easterly, direction; tridasha iishvaraiH = by celestial, gods kR^itam = it is done; tataH param = there, after – beyond that; hemamayaH = completely golden; shriimaan udaya parvataH = august one, Undaya [Sunrise,] Mountain; is there; tasya = its; jaataruupamayii = completely golden; divyaa = divine one; sa vedikaa = with, pedestals; shata yojanam aayataa = hundred, yojana, in height; koTiH divam spR^iSTvaa = pinnacle, heavens, touching; viraajati = greatly glitters.

“That pylon of palm tree is constructed as the easterly compass by celestials gods, and beyond that a completely golden mountain is there, namely the august Udaya Mountain, the Mt. Sunrise, beyond which it is all west. The pinnacles of Mt. Sunrise will be touching heavens for their height is hundred yojana-s and that divine mountain greatly glitters for it is completely golden, and it is pedestalled with suchlike glittering mountains. [4-40-54, 55]

William’s Vishnu Purana states: ‘here is an interesting reference to the physical phenomena of the apparent diurnal motion of the sun, which sets in the west [America, and reappears again in the east jambu dviipa, the central continent, Asia.

उत्तरेण परिक्रम्य जंबू द्वीपम् दिवाकरः |
दृश्यो भवति भूयिष्ठम् शिखरम् तन् महोच्छ्रयम् || ४-४०-५९

59. divaakaraH = day-maker [Sun]; jambuu dviipam uttareNa parikramya = to Jambu Dwiipa, by north, on circling; mahat ucChrayam tat shikharam = zenithal, that, pinnacle; [praapya = on reaching]; bhuuyiSTham dR^ishyaH bhavati = by far, discernable, he will be.

“The Sun is by far discernable in Jambu Dwiipa when he rises on this zenithal pinnacle Saumanasa, after he had circled the Jambu Dwiipa in a northerly route. [4-40-59]

The sunrises in the East on the peak of this Saumanasa which is on the zenith of Udaya Mountain. Then he traverses above Jambu Dwiipa, Indian Subcontinent, including South-East Asia, and sets in the West on the mountains called asta adri, ‘ the Sunset Mountain.’ Then he courses northerly on the other side of the globe via Mt. Meru in heavens at the other side of Jambu Dwiipa, only to rise again on this Mt. Sunrise. As Jambu Dwiipa, the subcontinent lies southerly to that heavenly Mt. Meru, and down East-South of Saumanasa, this subcontinent can happily see the First Sun, daily. This gives raise to the Indian name of India, that is Bhaarata, bhaa rataH Sun, delights…’ The place where the Sun delights firstly, that is bhaarata…’

अयम् सुदर्शनो द्वीपः पुरो यस्य प्रकाशते |
तस्मिन् तेजः च चक्षुः च सर्व प्राणभृताम् अपि || ४-४०-६१

61. yasya puraH = whose, in front of – in the presence of which illumination; sarva praaNa bhR^itaam api = for all, life, sustaining beings, even; cakSuH ca = eyes, even; prakaashate = will be illuminated – enlightened; tat tejaH = that, illumination – illuminating entity of the universe, namely the Sun; yasmin = where – sun will be sojourning; ayam sudarshanaH dviipaH = this is – that one, that Sudarshana, island.

“In the presence of which resplendence the eyes of all living beings will become enlightened, and whereat that illuminating entity of universe, namely the Sun, will be sojourning, this is that Sudarshana Island, named so because it contains Sudarshana lake. [4-40-61].

Reference and citation.

Kishkindha Kanda Valmiki Ramayana

Some interesting notes.
You strive hard in the island of Yava, which will be splendorous with seven kingdoms, like that even in Golden and Silver islands that are en-wreathed with gold-mines, in and around Yava islands. [4-40-30]

In the same verse two islands are mentioned,the Golden Island and the Silvern – of which the Golden Island isidentified as Sumatra. The ancient Indian name for Sumatra indeed was Swarna Dwipa which translates as- ‘Golden Island’.

As the search party moves farther east, there are descriptions of a mountain by the name ‘Shishira’ (शिशिर) whose peak ‘pierces the heaven’. (4-40-31). The tallest mountain in the Indonesian islands is located in Papua and may well be the peak mentioned in the Ramayana. Its name today is Puncak Jaya and it stands at 4884 metres. ‘Shishira’ simply means peak or summit...
Then there is a mention of ‘rapid red waters’ of the River Shona. ‘Shona’ (शोण) means ‘red’ in Sanskrit. (4-40-33). They are told to proceed to an island called Plaksha and further on to Ikshu Island. They will then confront a furious and tempestuous tide-ripped ocean and its islands. Ahead is another ocean named Lohita. (Lohita means ‘yellow’ but the waters are described as a mix of yellow and red. This is most likely the Coral Sea of Australia. .यव द्वीपम् अतिक्रम्य शिशिरो नाम पर्वतः |
दिवम् स्पृशति शृन्गेण देव दानव सेवितः || 4-40-31
ततो रक्त जलम् प्राप्य शोण आख्यम् शीघ्र वाहिनीम् |
गत्वा पारम् समुद्रस्य सिद्ध चारण सेवितम् || 4-40-33

After crossing the sea, the author says, becomes visible the tallest ever ‘Shalmali’ (शाल्मलि) tree on an island. The botanical name for the Sanskrit ‘Shalmali’ is ‘Salmalia Malabaricatralia’ and is also referred to as ‘Bombax Ceiba’. It is native to Asia and Northern Australia. The island mentioned by Valmiki is probably somewhere in the region where the Fraser island of today stands. ‘Shalmali’ are tall trees growing up to a height of 80 feet. The Vishnu Purana refers to Australia as ‘Shalmali Dwipa’.

Ancient World Continents Description Maya Baskaracharya

Yamakotipura in Bhadrasvavarsa (Indonesia?) in the east, Lanka in Bharatvarsa (India) in the south and 3. Rome in Ketumalavarsa (Europe) in the west and Siddhapura in Kuruvarsa (America?) in the north. 

Ancient Indian texts describe world landmass.

I have written on this and I have provided Link of one article.

You may check the related articles in the article as well.

Apart from the Puranas and Ithihasas Ramayana and Mahabharata, scientific treatises of an India describe these.

Surya Siddhanta and Siddhanta Shiromani,mathematical treatises describe the ancient landmasses thus,

Maya, the author of Surya Siddhanta, also mentions the four great cities situated on the opposite ends of the world, equidistant from one another. 1. Yamakotipura in Bhadrasvavarsa (Indonesia?) in the east, Lanka in Bharatvarsa (India) in the south and 3. Rome in Ketumalavarsa (Europe) in the west and Siddhapura in Kuruvarsa (America?) in the north.

The celebrated astronomer Bhaskaracarya mentions the time difference between the important cities situated in different parts of the world in his Siddhanta Siromani(Goladhyaya) thus:

“When the sun rises at Lanka, the time as at Yakakotipura to the east of Lanka, will be midday. Below the earth at Siddhapura, it will be twilight then, and at Romakadesa in Europe, the time will be midnight.”

Description of Varsha , Continents.

North Pole was at the exact center of Ilavrita Varsha. To the west of Ilavrita varsha was said to be Ketumula Varsha most of which is today under Atlantic Ocean. To the east of Ilvarita Varsha was Bhadrasva Varsha which is today under Pacific Ocean. On one side of the Ilavrita Varsha were Hari Varsha, Kimpurusha Varsha and Bharatha Varsha. On the other side of the Ilavrita Varsha were Ramyaka, Hiranyaka and Kuru Varsha. Kuru Varsha was hence on the opposite side of Bharatha Varsha on the globe’

Nine Landmass Ancient world

Rama Festival On June Peru Rama-Sitva Festival

And Ram’s name was popular in Peru.

Indian ships traveled to Peru.

Rama’s Festival is Celebrated as Ram-Sitva festival in Peru during winter solstice.

Sanatana Dharma had spread throughout the world in ancient times and the landmass was different from what it is today.

References to various continents,kingdoms,kings,cities and festivals are found in Indian Puranas and Ithihasas, Ramayana and Mahabharata.

And Tamil classics dating back to 20,000 years also refer them.

I have written on the presence of Sanatana Dharma in,

Afghanistan,Russia,US, Central and South America, Europe,Africa, Middle East,Far east and Australia.

Even Antarctica and Arctic.

For individual countries which had Sanatana Dharma presence,please Google country name+Hinduism+ramanan50 for details.

India had a close relationship with Central,South and North America.

I have written on each country.

In Peru,one finds the Shiva’s Trishul mark as Nazca Lines.

This is referred to in the Ramayana,when Sugreeva directs his vanaras to search for Sita.

And Ram’s name was popular in Peru.

Indian ships traveled to Peru.

Rama’s Festival is Celebrated as Ram-Sitva festival in Peru during winter solstice.

Dr. Robert Heine Geldern anthropologist, has written that: “Those who believe the ancient peoples of Asia were incapable of crossing the ocean have completely lost sight of what the literary sources tell us concerning their ships and their navigation. Many of the peoples of Southeastern Asia had adopted Indian Hindu-Buddhist civilizations. The influences of the Hindu-Buddhist culture of southeast Asia in Mexico and particularly, among the Maya, are incredibly strong, and they have already disturbed some Americanists who don’t like to see them but cannot deny them.” “Ships that could cross the Indian Ocean were able to cross the Pacific too. Moreover, these ships were really larger and probably more sea-worthy than those of Columbus and Magellan.” “Ships of size that carried Fahien from India to China (through stormy China water) were certainly capable of proceeding all the way to Mexico and Peru by crossing the Pacific. One thousand years before the birth of Columbus Indian ships were far superior to any made in Europe up to the 18th century.”….

The Peruvians and their ancestors, the Indians, are in this point of view at once seen to be the same people.”- Edward Pococke

Rama is represented as a descendant from the sun, as the husband of Sita, and the son of a princess named Causelya. It is very remarkable that Peruvians, whose Incas boasted of the same descent, styled their greatest festival Rama-Sitva; whence we may take it that South America was peopled by the same race who imported into the farthest of parts of Asia the rites and the fabulous history of Rama.”

Sir William Jones (1744 – 1794) states in his papers published by the the Asiatic Society that the Incan festival ‘Rama-Sitva’ celebrated on the Winter Solstice Day gets its name from the Hindu God King, Sri Rama and his wife, Goddess Sita. The Winter Solstice Day is celebrated in June in Peru. (Peru lies in the southern Hemisphere and the winter solstice day falls in June).

-Sir William Jones,1746-1794) judge of the Supreme Court at Calcutta and was one who pioneered Sanskrit studies.


Pyramid Temple Varanasi ?

No country in the world can compare with India for the exposition of the pyramidal cross. the body of the great temple of Bidh Madhu (formerly the boast of the ancient city of Benares…demolished in the 7th century

While researching material for article on the presence of Sanatana Dharma in the Americas,I chanced upon an article which mentions Pyramid Temple at Benares, Varanasi.

Angkorvat Aerial view. Image.
Angkorvat Aerial view.image

The temple was called Bidh Madhu.

It seems to have been destroyed by the Mughals(?) In the seventh century AD.

I am unable to get additional information on this.

( In the process I came across some new information about the temples destroyed by Mughals. I will be sharing it shortly.)

I have been wondering about,

1. Though Hindus, Egyptians and People of Central America,Mayans worshipped Sun in the days,the temples dedicated to Sun differ in design.

Temples in India may not look like Pyramids,they do resemble Pyramids.

2. Of twenty sacred sites around the world,seven are from Hinduism.

One such is the fact that twenty sites in the world lie in the same Latitude and the distance between them represent the Golden Means/ Fibonacci number..’
One such is the fact that twenty sites in the world lie in the same Latitude and the distance between them represent the Golden Mean’

2. Benares , Varanasi is the oldest continuously Lived City in the world.

3. Appropriate Bhagavad Gita Verse in Egyptian Pyramids.

In one of the Pyramids, dating back to 3000 BC, a verse, from the second chapter of the Bhagavad Gita was found inscribed.

Here it is:

4.Shiva Linga design in Mexico city, Vatican City.

5.Temples for Gadothgaja, Hanuman are found in Central America.

6 Chicken Itza temple resembled.Madurai Meenakshi Temple,India .

7. The design of the top of Angkorvat has Sreechakra . The design of the temple A Hindu temple more inclined to be a Pyramid.

8.Meru ,used in the worship of Devi is a Pyramid.

Would some reader throw light on the temple of Bid Madhu at Varanasi?

The spelling of Bidh Madhu might not be correct.

Mrs. Zelia Nuttal (1857 -1933) Archaeologist and ethnologist has said:

“No country in the world can compare with India for the exposition of the pyramidal cross. the body of the great temple of Bidh Madhu (formerly the boast of the ancient city of Benares…demolished in the 7th century) was constructed in the figure of a colossal cross, with a lofty dome at the center, above which rose a massive structure of a pyramidal form. At the four extremities of the cross there were four other pyramids…A similar building existed at Mathura. By pyramidal towers placed crosswise, the Hindu also displayed the all-pervading sign of the cross. At the famous temple of Chidambaram, on the Coromandel coast, there were seven lofty walls, one within the other, round a central quadrangle, and as many pyramidal gateways in the midst of each side which forms the limbs of a vast cross.”

Reference and citation

source: Zelia Nutall and Peabody Museum Papers volume II p. 161-162 and Proof Vedic Culture’s Global Existence By Stephen Knapp p. 252 – 253).

Image of Angorwat from

First US Central South Americans Were From India

It is altogether possible that the Vedic theory, if thoroughly researched, poses a threat to many of the concepts of modern civilization and the current worldview .’

It is altogether possible that the Vedic theory, if thoroughly researched, poses a threat to many of the concepts of modern civilization and the current worldview .’

When one considers the close relationship between the culture, legends of India and of North/South America,Central America,one is intrigued.

US Central And South America Map.image
US Central And South America Map.

History tells us that America was discovered (?) By Columbus and later the Native Indians were brutally massacred and displaced by the Invaders.

Those who were considered to be primitive ,it transpires now,belong to a highly civilised society.

Their history was erased by the Invaders to propagate Christianity.

Considering the fact that these lands are mentioned in ancient Indian texts and the close resemblance of cultures and practices between Indian thoughts and Religion, I dug deep.

It is revealing.

The first settlers in the American Continent were the People of India,some 20,000 years ago.

It is readily accepted that some twenty thousand years ago primitive Asians crossed the Bering Strait into North America and gradually moved south all the way to Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Diffusionists maintained that after this occurred civilized Asiatic people distributed themselves via the Pacific, thereby bringing civilization to the Americas. Isolationists insisted that after the nomadic tribes crossed the Bering Strait, a homogeneous race of “Indians of the Americas” was formed, and the American tribespeople then went about reinventing all culture, duplicating in two thousand years what originally took about six millenniums in the Old World.

Henry Charlton Bastian, author of The Evolution of Life(1907), presented the concept of physicochemical evolution, which gave strength to the isolationists. His theory advocated that the development of civilized man was a result of “a psychic unity of mankind,” rather than social contact. Bastian’s theory of elementargedanke influenced many anthropologists, and today, although the theory is not accepted, it is tacitly acknowledged as far as the conformities between America and Old World civilizations are concerned….

No archeologist today would attribute to prehistoric Europeans the independent invention of bronze casting, iron work, the wheel, weaving, pottery, writing, and so many other cultural elements that were derived from the Middle East. Similarly, the industrial developments in Britain were introduced from elsewhere within the European continent, not developed independently. What then would cause one to insist that what was not possible for the Europeans (duplicating culture independently) was possible for the American Indians? Especially when at the same time we are taught that the Europeans were of superior stock!

It was in 1949 that these opposing views met head-on at the Congress of the Americanists held in New York, which was sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History. At that time, the diffusionists presented an overwhelming mass of Asiatic-Pacific-American parallels. Nonetheless, much of the diffusionists’ evidence continues to be ignored, and the isolationist view is more widely accepted. The reason for this may be more than empirical evidence or lack of the same. Indeed, it may be the faulty nature of the empirical approach, which depends on one’s imperfect senses and causes one to dismiss facts that do not conform with the prevailing worldview.

The Aryan civilization of India is a logical choice for the beginning of the diffusion of our planet’s civilization. American historian Will Durant, in his book Our Oriental Heritage , described India as the most ancient civilization on earth, and he offered many examples of Indian culture throughout the world. He demonstrated that as early as the ninth century b.c.e. Indians were exploring the sea routes, reaching out and extending their cultural influence to Mesapotamia, Arabia, and Egypt.

Reference and citation.

Further References.

William Mccgillivray, The Travells and Research of Alexander von Humbolt, Harper Bros. N.Y. (1872).

Henry Charles Bastian, The Evolution of Life. E.P. Dutton & Co. N.Y. (1907).

Gordon Ekholm, Excavations At Sinaloa, American Museum of Natural History, N.Y. (1942).

Gordon Ekholm, Excavations at Lampico and Panuco in the Hausteca, American Museum of Natural History N.Y. (1944).

Reprinted from Clarion Call Magazine (1988) with permission.

Image Credit. Wikipedia.

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