Author Archives: ramanan50

About ramanan50

Retired Senior Management Professional. Lectures on Indian Philosophy,Hinduism, Comparative Religions. Researching Philosophy, Religion. Free lance Writer.Blogger

Ekadasi Upavasa Prevents Aging Increased Neural Functions, Research.

Hindus fast once a month,that is on the eleventh day of the New Moon/Full Moon.It is called Ekadasi, Eleventh day.

This day is dedicated to Lord Vishnu,one of the Trinity of Hinduism.

Lord Vishnu is the ‘Sustainer’

Hinduism believes in a healing body for Body is the dwelling place of Atman.

Body is not to be abused.

Tough spiritual practices,though in vogue,are called as Tamasic(Bhagavad-Gita).

They are called Asura Tapas,tough on body and as such is relegated behind Gnana, Bhakti and Karma Yogas.

In Asura Tapas one goes on Fasting for even years, sometimes people live on Water or only on Air!

But more beneficial results may be obtained by following The Satvic practice of Upavasa.

Upvasa is Fasting

Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism advocate Upavasa.

While Jainism prescribed Upavasa for long periods,Hinduism recommends once a month.

On Ekadasi.

On this day one fasts completely.

No intake of food at all.

The next morning,Dwadasi,light meal consisting of cooked Rice, Gooseberry salad in Curds along with special Greens,Agathikeerai in Tamil,is taken.

This process ,along with taking three spoonful of Tulasi immersed water,after offering food to Lord Vishnu ,is called Bhaarana.

This light food taken after complete fasting on the earlier day increased longevity and cleans the stomach.

I am providing a research study done in September,2018,which states that fasting,

induce anti-aging effects and alleviate aging-related neurodegeneration.

Study Highlights.
Published:September 06, 2018

  • β-hydroxybutyrate prevents the vascular cell senescence
  • β-hydroxybutyrate upregulates Oct4 expression via interacting with hnRNP A1
  • Oct4-mediated quiescence is able to attenuate hallmarks of senescence
  • Circulating β-hydroxybutyrate alleviates the senescence of mouse aorta

β-hydroxybutyrate (β-HB) elevation during fasting or caloric restriction is believed to induce anti-aging effects and alleviate aging-related neurodegeneration. However, whether β-HB alters the senescence pathway in vascular cells remains unknown. Here we report that β-HB promotes vascular cell quiescence, which significantly inhibits both stress-induced premature senescence and replicative senescence through p53-independent mechanisms. Further, we identify heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1) as a direct binding target of β-HB. β-HB binding to hnRNP A1 markedly enhances hnRNP A1 binding with Octamer-binding transcriptional factor (Oct) 4 mRNA, which stabilizes Oct4 mRNA and Oct4 expression. Oct4 increases Lamin B1, a key factor against DNA damage-induced senescence. Finally, fasting and intraperitoneal injection of β-HB upregulate Oct4 and Lamin B1 in both vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells in mice in vivo. We conclude that β-HB exerts anti-aging effects in vascular cells by upregulating an hnRNP A1-induced Oct4-mediated Lamin B1 pathway..


Mamaumdur cave.image

Chola Period Meditation Cave,Mamandur

Before venturing into the article on Ancient Energy Centre Mamandur Caves,let me digress.

Couple of years ago, I had been to Thiruvannamalai,Abode of Shiva in Tamil Nadu with my son who is an Agnostic bordering Atheism.

I visit Ramanasarmam first, I stay there.

Reasons are.

Ramana Maharshi was a Realized Soul

He was my grandfather’s class mate and I am named after him,with a slight variation.

After checking in I took my son Dhyana Mandala,where Maharishi used to sit and meditate and asked him to sit for fifteen minutes.

When we came out, my son attempted to say something.

I asked him to keep quiet and took Seshadri Swamigal Adhistan,which lied next to Ramanasarmam.

I asked my son to go around the homakunda( homa is performed daily) and sit for a few minutes.

After coming out I asked him what he wanted to say earlier.

He was surprised that he felt peace descending on him in Ramanasarmam hall,while he felt a mild shock/tremor while at Seshadri Adhishtanam.

I explained him that Ramana Maharshi specialised in Gnana Yoga while Seshadri Swamigal specialised in Tantra Shastra and Mantra Siddhi.

So the difference on vibration.

Gnana Yoga is gentle while Tantra Sastra is tough to practice and the vibrations from the place where Tantra is practiced and Homas done,the vibrations will be intense and one can feel the difference.

Those who visit temples can feel this.

The peace that descends in Shiva temple ,Devi and Vishnu’s temples differ qualitatively.

One has to feel it.

Similarly even among Temples of the same Deity.

The peace you get at Thiruvidaimaruthur Shiva try is different from what you experience in Thanjavur Big Temple.

This is due to vibrations from the Deity, Structure of the Temples,Mantras used.

There are many temples in India along these lines.

There is a series of cave temples in Maamandur,near Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India.

Series of five Caves are found here.

Latest inscription is from Mahendravarma Pallavaram around 7 century AD.

Earlier inscription belongs to Chola period and they are much earlier.

The place was called Thiruvaleeswaram.

One of the Cave Mandapas has a hall where evidence is found that it was a Meditation Hall .

It has diagrams.

No idol,unlike other caves where Brahma,Vishnu and Shiva is found..

Watch video.

Cave Temple 1 “is approached by a staircase cut into the hill. The façade is made up of two pillars and two pilasters. Two pillars made up of cubes above and below with an octagonal shaft in the middle make up the façade of this cave. There are lotus medallions on the lower and top cubes. Behind these pillars there is a second row of pillars. A central shrine protrudes from the back wall. The pillars are in typical Mahendravarman style.”

dedicated to Vishnu

Mamandur cave temples is the template style of Dravida temple architecture

On the northern wall of the mukha-mandapa there is an inscription probably authored by the same king. Lines 12 and 13 suggest that the king ‘wanted to achieve what was not achieved before in the realm of music’.

Cave Temple 2, situated south of the first cave, also has an ardha mandapa and mukha mandapa separated by two pillars behind the first row. There are three sanctum sanctorum in this cave temple, dedicated Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu. Two steps in front, with a low stone rail shaped like the back of an elephant lead into each garba griha.

According to an inscription inside the central sanctum, it is called Uruttiravalisvaram (Rudravalisvaram). Thus Shiva or Rudra would have been the deity of the central sanctum. The dvaarapalas of the central sanctum stand in tribhanga, one hand on the waist and another resting on their heavy clubs which are intertwined with serpents, wearing huge jatabhaaras on their heads, yajnopavita (sacred thread) and ornaments. The Linga in the sanctum indicates that this garba griha was dedicated to Shiva.

The dvaarapalas of the southern sanctum stand in tribhanga, with a hand on the waist and a lotus in the other. Wearing a yajnopavita and jatabhaara on their heads, they were obviously intended to be sages or braahmanas, and the deity within must have been Brahma.

dedicated to Vishnu, although there is no figure inside.

Traces of painting are visible inside the sanctum, suggesting that the cave temples were once painted.

There are two inscriptions of Parantaka I Chola inside this cave temple, saying that the caves were called Vruttiravaliswaram and Valiswaram The irrigation tank, Chitramegha tataka, is assumed to have been excavated on the orders of Mahendravarman I Pallava.

Cave Temple 3 – Situated south of the previous cave, this is the largest of the four caves. There are several cracks on the pillars, which may be the reason for not finishing this cave. There are five pillars and two pilasters on the façade, in typical Mahendravarman style. The corbel above the pillars is in curved profile. The southern façade has two pillars and two pilasters. Corbels are finished above the pillars, however these are not fully cut in to make the space for circumambulation. This cave has an ardha-mandapa and mukha-mandapa, the two differentiated by two rows of pillars and pilasters.

The five shrines at the back of the cave share a common platform, with staircases in front of each, consisting of three steps. The cells are all cubical and empty, with no dvarpalas or inscriptions. This shrine would have had seven cells, five on the back and two on the side.

Cave Temple 4 – This is the smallest cave on the hill, unfinished, with a façade of two pillars and two pilasters. The façade suggests a three shrine cave, but the work was stopped due to cracks in the rock and load above the roof.


Featured image credit.

Sanskrit Learning Increases Brain Size, Memory Cognition

Sanskrit is an ancient language and there are two versions of Sanskrit.
One is the Vedic Sanskrit and another, Earlier Sanskrit.

Sanskrit is found to be most compatible language for Computer.

Sanskrit roots are found in words in world languages.

Sanskrit ,though currently dated around 5000 years ago,is much older as the sunken city of Poompuhar,a port of Tamils,in Tamil Nadu is dated around 11,000 ago and Silappadikaram,one of the five Epics of Tamil Language quotes Vedas.

And the remains of a Million year old Tamil site is found near Chennai .

The earliest Tamil Grammar work available,Tholkaapiyam, mentions Sanskrit.

It is of interest to note that such an ancient language, Sanskrit, transmitted and is still transmitting it’s Religious texts only by Oral Tradition!

Learning of Sanskrit normally begins at the age of Five.

The texts are learned by repetition.
Many methods are adopted.

One such method is ‘Gana Paada’
In this process, one word is repeated again and again, and this word is recited along with the second word,then with the third word and this process is ealled Ganapaadan with the third word and this process is called Ganapaada.

For details please read my article on Veda learning.
Now research has been carried out on this method of learning in Sanskrit.
It is found that Sanskrit learning by this method expands brain,improves memory and results in better Cognitive Functions.


We studied a group of verbal memory specialists to determine whether intensive oral text memory is associated with structural features of hippocampal and lateral-temporal regions implicated in language processing. Professional Vedic Sanskrit Pandits in India train from childhood for around 10years in an ancient, formalized tradition of oral Sanskrit text memorization and recitation, mastering the exact pronunciation and invariant content of multiple 40,000-100,000 word oral texts. We conducted structural analysis of gray matter density, cortical thickness, local gyrification, and white matter structure, relative to matched controls. We found massive gray matter density and cortical thickness increases in Pandit brains in language, memory and visual systems, including i) bilateral lateral temporal cortices and ii) the anterior cingulate cortex and the hippocampus, regions associated with long and short-term memory. Differences in hippocampal morphometry matched those previously documented for expert spatial navigators and individuals with good verbal working memory. The findings provide unique insight into the brain organization implementing formalized oral knowledge systems.

Visit the link to download report.



Author information

Center for Mind/Brain Sciences (CIMeC), University of Trento, 38060, Italy. Electronic address:
Center for Mind/Brain Sciences (CIMeC), University of Trento, 38060, Italy.
National Brain Research Centre, Manesar, Gurgaon Dist., Haryana 122 050, India.


Neuroimage. 2016 May 1;131:181-92. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.07.027. Epub 2015 Jul 15.

Hanuman Spoke Britisher Repairs Hanuman Temple Grand Anicut Kallanai

I have written on how Deities/Gurus spoke to people.

God does not have Religion.

Madurai Meenakshi spoke to a Britisher and saved him.

His Grave faces the temple so that he see Her even after death!

Raghavendra swamigal spoke to Britishers.

These were recorded.

Now I came across information that Hanuman temple was repaired by a Britishers.

Read on

This temple is located right inside the Kallanai or Grand Anaicut dam across Kaveri in TamilNadu. It was supposed to be built by an English Captain J.L.Calddell in 1804.

The incident goes like this. The dam was undergoing repairs under Captain J.L.Calddell. The 19th vent could not be repaired how much ever they tried. The engineer had a dream in which Sri Anjaneya asked him to build a temple for him near the 19th vent and that he would protect it. The engineer ignored it and in a few days a group of monkeys attacked him. Then the same dream came for the Mason who reported it to the engineer.When they dug the spot, they recovered an idol of Sri Hanuman which can be seen in the temple now.

There is a stone, in one corner of the temple as a record of this fact to with a note “Repaired this colling LHA & Erected the 26s upright stones by Cap. J.L.Calddel AD 1804”. Below this there is a note in Tamil stating that the stone is erected as per the orders of the Government.


Shiva Lingam Design Teotihuacan Temple Mexico Vatican City

Sanatana Dharma was present throughout the world in ancient times.

I have written on its presence with evidence.

The featured image is the aerial view of Sun Temple in Teotihuacan Mexico and the Courtyard of Saint Peters Cathedral in Vatican.

More information about the presence of Sanatana Dharma and these places are provided towards the closing of this article.
Teotihuacan is a vast Mexican archaeological complex northeast of Mexico City. Running down the middle of the site, which was once a flourishing pre-Columbian city, is the Avenue of the Dead. It links the Temple of Quetzalcoatl, the Pyramid of the Moon and the Pyramid of the Sun, the latter two with panoramic views from their summits. Artifacts in the Museum of Teotihuacan Culture, on-site, include pottery and bones.


At its zenith, perhaps in the first half of the 1st millennium AD, Teotihuacan was the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas, with a population estimated at 125,000 or more,making it at least the sixth largest city in the world during its epoch.

Apart from the pyramids, Teotihuacan is also anthropologically significant for its complex, multi-family residential compounds, the Avenue of the Dead and its vibrant murals that have been exceptionally well-preserved. Additionally, Teotihuacan exported fine obsidian tools that are found throughout Mesoamerica.

The city is thought to have been established around 100 BC, with major monuments continuously under construction until about AD 250.The city may have lasted until sometime between the 7th and 8th centuries AD, but its major monuments were sacked and systematically burned around AD 550.

Teotihuacan began as a religious center in the Mexican Highlands around the first century AD. It became the largest and most populated center in the pre-Columbian Americas. Teotihuacan was even home to multi-floor apartment compounds built to accommodate this large population.The term Teotihuacan (or Teotihuacano) is also used for the whole civilization and cultural complex associated with the site.

Shiva lingam Vatican.

Here is some more interesting information on Saint Peter‘s Courtyard in Vatican city’s aerial view, It is that of Shiva Linga!

Shiva in Mexico.

Chihuahua district in Mexico derives its name from the root Shivava, named after a native American;Tamaulipas-Tamralipta;Nayarit-Nairitti..

Shivava means the Temple of Shiva in Native American pronunciation.

The early Kings were known as Nayars.

Other etymological connections.

Tabasco-Taba Kosh-place of meditation.

Chiapas-Shiva Pas-Chiefs of Shiva.


The Pilgrim site of Chalma,Mexico was a Shiva Temple.

Hindu temples Design. Image

Temple Construction Pdf Texts Not Veda Upa Veda Temple Construction 3

I seem to landing on controversies when I start writing in detail.

I have written on Temple construction History.

I have mentioned that temple Worship is not mentioned in the Vedas.

A reader had sent me information that it is a part of Atharva Veda,called Stapatya Veda.

There are articles by eminent people like Sri.Ganapathy Sthapathi and Maharishiahesh Yogi on Vaasthu SASTRA.

My observation is as under.

Vedas are Four,Rig,Yajur,Sama and Atharva.

There are six Angas of Veda.

None of them talk about temple construction.

However Shilpa SASTRA is included in the Sixty four Arts.

But they are not a part of Vedas.

Vedas talk about Reality, propitiation of Devas in Samhita,Rituals in Brahmanas , Aranyakas and pure philosophy in Upanishads.

The Arts,which includes Dhanur Veda,Archery, is not a Veda imparting knowledge of Reality.

And Shilpa SASTRA is about Sculpture and not about temple construction.

To my knowledge there is no Upa Veda.

Those with information may send with the text.

Temple construction is from a later period,from Agama.

(There is a rider here. Saraswati valley,Indus, Harappan civilisations are now found to have Dravidian Origin. I shall be writing in detail.)

To my knowledge,there is no ancient Dravidian text on Temple construction.

All of them are in Sanskrit and Brahmi.

And there is a difference between Hindu and Buddhist Architecture.

That the fact Tamils built Temples without Tamil text goes to prove that Sanatana Dharma was a part of Tamil polity.

At which point they merged and got differentiated is difficult to find.

Agamas came south from the descendants of Viswamitra.

(Reference. History of Tamils by PT Srinivasa Iengar.)

The corpus of Vedic Sanskrit texts includes:

  • The Samhitas (Sanskrit saṃhitā, “collection”), are collections of metric texts (“mantras”). There are four “Vedic” Samhitas: the Rig-Veda, Sama-Veda, Yajur-Veda, and Atharva-Veda, most of which are available in several recensions (śākhā). In some contexts, the term Veda is used to refer to these Samhitas. This is the oldest layer of Vedic texts, apart from the Rigvedic hymns, which were probably essentially complete by 1200 BCE, dating to c. the 12th to 10th centuries BCE. The complete corpus of Vedic mantras as collected in Bloomfield’s Vedic Concordance (1907) consists of some 89,000 padas (metrical feet), of which 72,000 occur in the four Samhitas.
  • The Brahmanas are prose texts that comment and explain the solemn rituals as well as expound on their meaning and many connected themes. Each of the Brahmanas is associated with one of the Samhitas or its recensions.The Brahmanas may either form separate texts or can be partly integrated into the text of the Samhitas. They may also include the Aranyakas and Upanishads.
  • The Aranyakas, “wilderness texts” or “forest treaties”, were composed by people who meditated in the woods as recluses and are the third part of the Vedas. The texts contain discussions and interpretations of ceremonies, from ritualistic to symbolic meta-ritualistic points of view. It is frequently read in secondary literature.
  • Older Mukhya Upanishads (Bṛhadāraṇyaka, Chandogya, Kaṭha, Kena, Aitareya, and others).

The Vedas (sruti) are different from Vedic era texts such as Shrauta Sutras and Gryha Sutras, which are smriti texts. Together, the Vedas and these Sutras form part of the Vedic Sanskrit corpus.

The texts on Construction are as follows.

Stapatyaeda uses the circadian cycle, yet this knowledge expands to include the universe itself. The five elements — air, earth, fire, water and space — are also important factors in building design.
Homes and buildings are cardinally positioned north, south, east and west. The orientation of the home is the primary consideration and the entrance is ideally facing east, which is governed by the rising sun. The only acceptable alternative would be a north facing entrance. South facing buildings are unacceptable.

Stapatya Veda

Maharishi Vastu Architecture (MVA) is a set of architectural and planning principles assembled by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi based on “ancient Sanskrit texts”Maharishi Vastu Architecture is also called “Maharishi Sthapatya Veda” (MVA), “Fortune-Creating” buildings and homes,and “Maharishi Vedic architecture”

The body of Vastu knowledge is monumental with lakhs of shlokas, which were handed down to succeeding generations by word of mouth and through hand written monographs such as:

  • Manasara Silpa Shastra (by Manasara),
  • Mayamatam (by the Mayasuras),
  • iswakarma Vaastushastra (by Viswakarma),
  • Samarangana Sutradara (by Raja Bhoja),
  • Aparajita Priccha (a dialogue between Viswakarma and his son Aparajita, written by Bhuvanadevacharya) Silparatna.
  • Other treatises such as Agni Puranaand works by Kautilya and Sukracharya are not popular even though they preceded the above mentioned documents.

There is a distinction of style based on the place of origin of the Text. Mayamatam and Mansara Silpa Shastra are considered Dravidian because they are from South India whereas Viswaskarama Vaastu Shastra is considered Aryan due to its North Indian origin

Construction texts in PDF.

Source. Hinduonline.

There is Maya connection in Mayamatam.

Will write on this.

Pallavavaneswaram Temple.image

Oldest Temple Construction Dravida? History of Temple Construction 2

Vedas are four



Sama and Atharva.

In addition to this there are six more,Vedanga,Limbs of the Vedas.

They are,
Siksha,Vyakarana,Chandas,Niruktha, Jyothisha and Kalpa.

None of these relate to Temple construction.

This is in tune with the Vedic approach of Reality being Abstract .

Each Veda has Anugrahamani on this subject.

To explain the meaning of the Vedas there is a special Group called Niruktham.

There are six sub texts of the Vedas called Vedangas.

They are Siksha,Vyakarana,Chandas,NirukthamJyothisham and kalpa.

However,the Puranas and Smritis refer to temple construction.

It may be noted that the Smritis do not have the same authority as Vedas.

Smritis are traditions being followed.

In case of conflict between Veda and Smritis,Vedas are the deciding authority.

One may find references to Temple building in Puranas.

Also how to construct divine images.

Agni Purana describes methods of constructing Shiva Lingam.

Puranas are ancient history and as such they are facts and they are not the final authority.

However they are sign posts for Righteous Living

So the concept of Temples is not a part of Vedas.

This ,as mentioned in my earlier article,is a later Concept.

And this concept seems to have been of Dravidian origin.

The earliest temple of Murugan is found in Saluvarkuppam, Pondicherry,India.

It is dated around Fourth century BC.

The Guruvayur temple of Lord Krishna was built by a Chola king.

The Temple is constructed B.C 3000(Around 5000 years oldest Temple) According to legends, the deity worshipped here is more than 5000 years old. But there are no historical records to establish it. In the 14th century, “Kokasandesam” (a Tamil literary work), references to a place called Kuruvayur are made. As early as the 16th century (fifty years after Narayaniyamwas composed) many references to Kuruvayur are seen’

And the temples of South India seem to be more ancient and are of different architecture.

Shiva worship in Tamil seems to have preceded the Vedas.

(This is a contentious issue as it is difficult to say which language , Sanskrit or Tamil,is more ancient.)

Thiruvananthapuram ,Abode of Shiva is 3.94 Billion years old.

Tirupati is 2100 Million Years old.

The worship of Vedic deities are found in ancient Tamil literature.

The Tamils classified Land into five Regions.

Kurinji,Mountaneous Region,God Murugan,

Marutham, Paddy fields,Indra.

Mullai,Forest land, Vishnu,Maayon,

Neydhal,Seashore,God Varuna and Paalai,Desert,God Kotravai,Durga.

One finds these in the oldest Tamil work available, Tholkappiyam,A book on Tamil Grammar.

So the concept of Personal God’s are present both in Sanskrit and Tamil

Curiously,Shiva is not mentioned in Tholkappiyam as God of a specific land area!

This point made me arrive at the hypothesis that Shiva was a human being and that He was the First to Realize Brahman through Vaasi Yoga!

Temple description abounds in Tamil literature.

Silappadikaram,one of the Five Tamil Epics mentions this.

Temple for Kotravai and Indra.

Now Poompuhar remains are dated to be 11000 Years ago!

Now on the find of the material being dated 11000 Years sets the Tamil History and the Sanatana Dharma back at least by 20,000 years.

But the Tamil Sangams are dated at

“that the first two of which were held in cities since “taken by the sea”, and the third of which was held during the 5th century BC in the present-day city of Madurai.'(wiki).

Silappadikaram has been dated to likely belong to the beginning of Common era.

References of temples in Silappadikaram.

They also stop at a temple where “Aiyai, goddess of hunters” is being worshiped.
When leaving the city of Puhar, Kannagi and Kovalan pass by “the great Vishnu temple”, “seven Buddhist Viharas”, and “wandering Jain monks” (26) all within close proximity to each other showing the obvious acceptance of multiplicity. At the time of Kannagi and Kovalan “Brahmanism (Hinduism), Jainism, and Buddhism – were at the time harmoniously coexisting in the south” (Adigal VIII).

Description: This is one of the 2 Shivastalams in the ancient Chola seashore capital of of Poompuhaar, a popular tourist destination, the other one beingTiruchaaikkadu.. Pallavaneeswaram is the 10th in the series of Tevara Stalangal on the northern banks of the river Kaveri in the Chola region of Tamilnadu. Temples in existence in Puhaar have been mentioned in the ancient Tamil work, Silappadikaaram. This is a shrine at the confluence of the Kaveri with the ocean. Poompuhaar was once a hoary port of the Cholas and is now a tourist attraction. The remnants of Puhar are seen under the ocean. Kovalan and Kannaki of Silappatikaram are said to have been born here.The Temple: This is a small temple with a 5 tiered Rajagopuram and a single prakaram. A Pallava king’s association with the temple lends the name.


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