Avani Avittam Upakarma Dates Why Change of Dates Details.

FeaturedUpakarma date .image.

There is confusion regarding the date/date for performing Upakarma,called Avani Avittam .

It is one of the major festivals for Brahmins,though all the three varnas,Brahmana,Kshatriya and Vaisyas must perform.

It is natural for us to get confused about Hindu Festivals,as ,I might add,to my regret,we are familiar with only English Calendar and not our calendar/s.

Hindu calendar follows both Surya Maanasa and Chandra Maanasa,that is Time calculated on the basis of Sun and Moon.

The Gregorian Calendar Calendar underwent a lot of changes,including changing the calendar on the whims of a Ruler(Julius Caesar).

It would be of interest to note that Britain was following Our Hindu Calender!

Now to Upakarma,Avani Avittam dates.

The Yajur Upakarma is to be celebrated on 6th September 2017,as the earlier day happens to be day when Grahana,Eclipse takes place.

Rig Upakarma August 28th,(Aadi12th),

Sama Upakarma,August 25th( Avani 9th),

This decision has been announced by Kanchi Kamakoti Mutt.
Generally,the Rig Vedis,Yajur and Samavedis perform on different days.

Details are given towards the close of this article.

Rigvedis generally follow Suryamaanasa and hence give importance to Nakshatra,in this case,Sravana Nakshatra.

Yajurvedis generally follow Chandra Maanasa,therefore they give importance to Thithi,the waxing and waning of the Moon.

So they perform Upakarma,Avavi Avittam on the Full Moon Day,Pournami.

However,one must remeber that by tradition,Upakarma is not performed if Grahana occurs on the Upakarma Day.

Next Nakshatra or next same Thithi is declared to be auspicious for performing Upakarma.

One may observe that Upakarma is basically equivalent to the beginning of Academic Year,that’s all.

That it should not be performed on Grahana day is something I do not find any Smriti mentioning it.

Readers may send information.

Smritis declare that any new endeavor or Auspicious activity undertaken on Grahana day would be successful and Mantras chanted during Grahana(Eclipse) would yield thousand fold result.

So this practice of changing days on account of Grahana seems not sound,barring the tradition.

For details on Vedic Syllabus and Upakarma.

Normally the child is sent for learning at the age of Five after Yagnayopaveeda ceremony to the teacher where the child stays and learns.

The period of study:

Nine years, called Adhama, not very auspicious,

Twelve Years,Madhyaman, Acceptable,

Eighteen Years,Uthamam, The best.

There were also people who were doing the Adyayana, or the learning of the Vedas, for thirty-six years or through out their Life.

One can remain a Brahmachari, without marrying through out Life learning the Vedas.

There were Two Terms in a year.

The First Term is called ‘Upakarma‘ Months.

The Second Term is for Seven moths called ‘Uthsarjanam or ‘Uthsargam’

One is reminded of Upakarma.

This is when the Upakarma term begins.

For Rig Vedis,Upakarma falls on the Sravana Nakshatra during th Sravan Month.

This period is between the Amavasya of Adi and Avani.

For Yajur Vedis. the Upakarma falls on the Full Moon , Poornima of Sravana month.

During the Mahabharata battle Lord Krishna artificially created an Eclipse to ensure the ‘Ritual Killing of  a Prince(Arjuna’s son, Aravan)

The Rig Vedis and the Yajur Vedis were performing the Upakarma on the Poornima Day..

This resulted in the change of days  in Thithis, the waxing and waning of the moon.

The next Nakshatra is Avitta.

So, the Upakarma was performed  in Avitta  with Poornima by the Yajur Vedis.

But Rig Vedis  stick to Sravana nakshtra.

Sama Vedis perform this Upakarma in the Pathrapad(Purattasi) in Hastha Nakshatra.

Mostly this falls on Ganesh Chaturthi day.

The Veda  teaching begins on the Upakarma Day.

Students will be taught Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Upanishads,

This shall continue till Pushya Monh, ‘Thai’ in Tamil.

The Term will end here by performing ‘Uthsarjan karma’

This will be performed on the Poornma or the Rohini Nakshatra that occurs before this Poornima.

Rig Vedis and Yajur Vedis follow this.

Sama Vedis end the term in Maaka Month Ppornima.

Uthsarjanam means’ leaving out’

The term ends here.

Next term begins from the Upakarma Day.

Here the Vedangas,the other Sciences will be taught, Astrology,Astronomy,Linguistics, etc,

Veda will not be taught in this period.’



Ten Families Compiled Rig Veda Details Apri Suktha

FeaturedRig Vedamurthy.image

Vedas,the sacred texts of Hindus,were not written down ,nor are they attributed to any single author.

Veda means ‘ to know’

These were grasped from Ether by the Realized Souls,Rishis.

So the Vedas were not composed, but compiled by different Rishis.

Of the four Vedas,Rig,Yajur,Sama and Atharva,the Rig Veda was compiled by Ten Families.

They compiled the Apri Sukthas,the Hymns used in propitiating Deities before a Yagnya.


Of the ten Aprisuktas mentioned in Gargya Narayana’s commentary, I.13 and I.142 both invoke the Narāśaṁsa and Tanūnapāt manifestations of Agni, I.188, III.4, IX.5 and X.110 invoke only the Tanūnapāt manifestation and II.3, V.5, VII.2 and X.70 invoke only the Narāśaṁsa manifestation.

Reference and citation.


Āprīsūkta Ṛṣi Gotra
1.13 Medhātithi Kāṇva Kāṇva
1.142 Dīrghatamā Aucathya Āngirasa
1.188 Agastya MaitrāvaruṇI Agastya
2.3 Gṛtsamada Śaunahotra Śaunaka
3.4 Viśvāmitra Gāthina Kauśika
5.5 Vasuśruta Ātreya Ātreya
7.2 Vasiṣṭha MaitrāvaruṇI Vāsiṣṭha
9.5 Asita or Devala Kāśypa Kāśypa
10.70 Sumitra Vādhryaśva Bharata
10.110 Rāma Jāmadagnya or Jamadagni Bhārgava

Rig Veda 11,000 Years Old. Sarasvati River Satellite Images Dhola Vira Site

Dhola Vira,Harapa.image.jpg

The latest findings by Remote Sensing Agency,Hyderabad,India,Computer simuation of Indian coast line and by National Institute of Oceanography,India, studied together make a startling revelation.

The Vedas,contrary to what is being informed,is, are at least 10,000 years old.

It is found,by simuation of flood in India,by Dr.Milne of Durham University that the land mass off the coast of Cambay,Gujarat,India,might be  between 9000 and 12,000 years old.

To understand this better one should know that the date of Indus Valley civilization,must be dated back fom the present,500o years ago concept ,which was based on the debunked Aryan Invasion theory..

(I have written on the Fraud called Aryan Invasion.Shall be writing more on this.)

The civilization was so advanced that it could be dated back in time.

The answer lies in Dhola Vira,Rann of Kutch,Gujarat,India.

Dhola Vira is dated, at least, about 4,500 years ago,according to Archeologist  Sri. Bisht

The well deveoped structures and advanced water storing wells indicate a civilization which has been there for quite sometime.

The answer lies in the river Saraswathi.

River Sarasvati.image
Sarasvati River,India,Satellite Image.

According to Sri. Gupta, Remote Sensing Agency,Hyderabad,India,the Saraswathi River flowed from the Himalayan Galciers through Gujarat and joined the Arabian Sea in Gujarat.

The river was 22 km wide!

It flowed in Parallel to River Indus( Sindhu)

This was found from the Satellite Images.

And based on the melting of Himalayan Glaciers,Saraswathi River had flown between 10000 and 6000 years ago.

ThecRig Veda,one of the earliest of the four Indian texts mentions Saraswathi repeatedly.

  • The Sarasvati is praised lavishly in the Rigveda as the best of all the rivers: e.g. in RV 2.41.16

अम्बितमे नदीतमे देवितमे सरस्वती अपरास्तस्य इव स्मासि प्रशस्तिम् अम्ब नास्कृतिम्

  • Oh Mother Saraswati you are the greatest of mothers, greatest of rivers, greatest of goddesses. Even though we are not worthy, please grant us distinction

Other verses of praise include RV 6.61.8-13, RV 7.96 and RV 10.17. In some hymns, the Indus river seems to be more important than the Sarasavati, especially in the Nadistuti sukta. In RV 8.26.18, the white flowing Sindhu ‘with golden wheels’ is the most conveying or attractive of the rivers.

  • RV 7.95.2. and other verses (e.g. RV 8.21.18) speak of the Sarasvati pouring “milk and ghee.” Rivers are often likened to cows in the Rigveda, for example in RV 3.33.1,
Like two bright mother cows who lick their youngling,
( source of the Quote. 


So Rig Veda can be dated at 10,000 Years ago.

Featured image of Dhola Vira Well. Wiki.

Who Are The Ancient Rishis Priests Of Rig Veda

Vedas are earliest Literature recorded in Human History.

This,along with the other Three Vedas,Yajur( Sukla and Krishna),Sama and Atharva forms the basic reference authority on everything related to Hinduism

The words of the Vedas are final

Each Veda has four parts.

They are,


  • The Samhitas consists of hymns of praise of Gods
  • The Brahmanas are rituals and prayers to guide the priests in their duties.
  • The Aranyakas concern worship and meditation.
  • The Upanishads consist of the mystical and philosophical teachings of Hinduism.

This corresponds to the Four Stations of Life

Brahmacharya,the life of celibacy and studentship,Samhitas)

Gruhastha,Married Life,( Brahmanas)

Vanaprastha,Retired Life,when one having completed his family responsibilities meditates on the Reality of Brahman,preferably in a forest.(Aranyaka) and

Sanyasin,the State of total renunciation,seeking answers to Life and Realizing Self( Upanishad)

Though each stage of Life is called Asrama,Station of Tranquility is connected one aspect of  the Vedas,there is no bar in learning all the components of the Vedas,though one is advised to practice what is meant for his Station,Asrama.

Of these Four Vedas,the Rig Veda is the oldest.

The Vedas were compiled by Seers,called Rishis.

The Vedas are meant to be heard and learnt.

They were transmitted orally,never in a written form,though they were written on Palm leaves.

These Rishis are numerous.

Each Mantra has a Rishi.

So there are many Rishis who complied the Vedas.

But the earliest,first Rishis who performed the Duties of Priests are Ten.

These Families represent the First Rishis of the Vedas.

They are,

  1. ANgirases,
  2. BhRgus,
  3. ViSvAmitras,
  4. VasiSThas,
  5. Agastyas,
  6. KaSyapas 
  7. Atris,
  8. Kevala-ANgirases (KaNvas in the Rigveda)
  9. Kevala-BhRgus (GRtsamadas in the Rigveda).
  10.  Bharatas.*   

* This family does not figure as a separate family in later priestly traditions, which place kings who became RSis among either the ANgirases or the BhRgus.

Dashavatara Anamoly Points Pre Sanatana Dharma in South

I received the following comment on Lord Vishnu’s Dasavathars.

‘Sir lord Vishnu first avataram is matsya. He took this avataram at the end of satya yugam

Second avataram is kurma
This is during satya yugam

My doubt is the avatar which he took first during the yuga should be the first avatar right?
Why matsya considered as first avataram?

Second doubt
Why Hayagriva or horse considered as knowledge or wisdom? Is horse is genius
That is why he took horse face’

Interesting observation.

On checking up facts I have stumbled on some interesting information and I am sharing it with my interpretation.

On Hayagriva ,though I had written an article, I did not touch upon the referred issue in detail.

I shall do it in a couple of days.

Ten avatars of Vishnu image
Dasavathar of Vishnu

‘The list of Dashavatara varies across sects and regions. The standard list is as follows: Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Narasimha, Vamana, Parashurama, Rama, Krishna, Buddha, and Kalki. Sometimes, Krishna replaces Vishnu as the source of all avatars and Balarama takes Krishna’s place in the list. In other versions, Krishna may be dropped from the list and substituted by regional deities like Vithoba, Jagannath or Balarama.’

( https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dashavatara )

The Four Yugas, The Hindu Time cycle are,

Satya (Krutha) Yuiga,

Treta Yuga,

Dwapara Yuga and

Kali Yuga.

The Avatars under each Yuga.

Satya Yuga.





Treta Yuga.




Dwapara Yuga.

Krishna ,

Balarama .

Kali Yuga.

Kalki, Yet to manifest.

It may be noted that Matsya tops the list, followed by Koorma and then Varaha.

Matsya Avatar relates to the Great Flood spoken of by all world legends and religions.

Matsya avatar indicates the flood .

Puranas state that the Matsya saved Mankind, instructed Manu, the first Man to meditate.

He meditated Madagascar.

Please read my article on this.

Ikshvaku , the founder of Solar Dynasty, the ancestor of Rama lived in the south and he moved to Ayodhya to found the Ikshvaku Dynasty, to which Lord Rama belongs.

Please check my article on this.

It is curious to note that the Varaha avatar which deals with the recvovery of the Vedas from the earth does not immediately follow the Matsya Avatar.

If we take that that there was great flood , it should be followed by the recovery of Earth(Land) from the waters.

This recovery is indicated in the Varaha Avatar where it is said the Vedas were rolled in and hidden under the water; and Vishnu, as Varaha recovered it.

Yet this Avatar is not the immediate one after the Matsya Avatar.

But it the Koorma Avatar, when Vishnu took the form of a Tortoise to bear the weight of the Meru Mountain when the Devas and Asuras churned the Ocean.

I think this indictaes that the land mass was distributed among the Devas and Asuras, apart from getting some Divine Beings/Objects.

It stands to reason because,

There seems to have been the worship of Shiva in the South even before Sanatana Dharam while the Vedas make a passing refrence to Him in Sri Rudram ,

Ikshvaku Dynasty foulrished in the north,

Then the Avatars of Parashurama , Vamana and Narasimha are from the south.

Though Narasimha is reported in the north and there is a temple , the details are much more evident in the south indicatinn Narasimha Avatar was from the South, Ahobila,

Note that Narasimha avatar is listed in the Satya Yuga, while the Vamana Avatar is listed in Treta Yuga!

It is a fact that the Vamana Avatar took plave during the period of Mahabali , the grand son of Prahlada.

My guess is that the Narasimha and Varaha avatars should have taken place during the Yuga Sandhi, time when One Yuga changes into another.

Please read my article on Yuga Sandhi.

And Vamana and Mahabali legend is more prominent in the south.

This is repeatedly referred in Puranas and the Tamil Classics.

When studeid together these facts and the fact that Manu was from the south and except Rama and Balarama,Krishna Avatars , all the Avatars of Vishnu seem to have been in the south of Vindhyas,it is possible that the Sanatana Dharma was in place in the south before the Vedic period in the north.

This is reinforced by the finding of Tamil Brahmi Script and the mention of Dravidas in the Vedas, Puranas and Ithihasas,Ramayana and Mahabharata.