‘Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah—”Brahman is the only truth, the world is unreal, and there is ultimately no difference between Brahman and individual self’-Adi Sankara in Viveka Chudamani
Declared Adi Sankara, the greatest exponent of non Dualism or Advaita,
Knowledge is relative,There are two kinds of Knowledge.
One is Para Vidya which id Eternal and another is Apara Vidya, that is transitory, that is of this temporal world.
From the Absolute stand point the knowledge we have here in this world, including Science et al is only Real till Real Knowledge dawns.
Then it becomes Illusory.
So the word is real and Unreal or Illusion , both at the same time.
Please read my post filed under Indian Philosophy, Hinduism, Time and Astrophysics Physics.
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Now Physicists have come with the same conclusion from a different angle.
‘Ekam Sath, Vipra Bahuta Vidanti’ Truth is One , People speak of It in many ways’
A team of physicists has provided some of the clearest evidence yet that our Universe could be just one big projection.
In 1997, theoretical physicist Juan Maldacena proposed that an audacious model of the Universe in which gravity arises from infinitesimally thin, vibrating strings could be reinterpreted in terms of well-established physics. The mathematically intricate world of strings, which exist in nine dimensions of space plus one of time, would be merely a hologram: the real action would play out in a simpler, flatter cosmos where there is no gravity.
Maldacena’s idea thrilled physicists because it offered a way to put the popular but still unproven theory of strings on solid footing — and because it solved apparent inconsistencies between quantum physics and Einstein’s theory of gravity. It provided physicists with a mathematical Rosetta stone, a ‘duality’, that allowed them to translate back and forth between the two languages, and solve problems in one model that seemed intractable in the other and vice versa. But although the validity of Maldacena’s ideas has pretty much been taken for granted ever since, a rigorous proof has been elusive.
In two papers posted on the arXiv repository, Yoshifumi Hyakutake of Ibaraki University in Japan and his colleagues now provide, if not an actual proof, at least compelling evidence that Maldacena’s conjecture is true.
In one paper, Hyakutake computes the internal energy of a black hole, the position of its event horizon (the boundary between the black hole and the rest of the Universe), its entropy and other properties based on the predictions of string theory as well as the effects of so-called virtual particles that continuously pop into and out of existence. In the other, he and his collaborators calculate the internal energy of the corresponding lower-dimensional cosmos with no gravity. The two computer calculations match.
“It seems to be a correct computation,” says Maldacena, who is now at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey and who did not contribute to the team’s work.”
Whatever Theories have been formed they find expression in Technology.
Technology is so advanced that we are in fact of theories to support them!
Yet some of the Theories in Science need further examination and updating
Indian Philosophy has crossed this barrier thousands of years back and some of the Theories which we use now had ben used by them and were developed further,
(Note. In India, we use the term Philosophy in the broadest sense ,that is to know, to be aware of;Science is included in this)
But then there have been claims often that ’this is in Indian Philosophy,the finding is not new’.
This statement has been repeated ad nausea that people have started ridiculing these assertions.
We shall examine some of the Theories of Indian Philosophy and their relevance to modern Scientific Thought.
( When we say Indian Philosophy, it includes all systems of Thought ,Buddhism,Jainism,Sankhya,Nihilism,Atheism)
To begin with take the fundamental of Science.
The essentials of Science rest on two Axioms.
a)Law of Uniformity of Nature and
b)Theory of cause and Effect
Modern Physics , till recently, has been so rigid in its assertion that the laws of Physics are Universal and apply to the Universe.
Now they have revised their opinion.
They have come to the conclusion that the Physical laws that exist in our plane of existence may not be true or applicable to other levels.
The Quantum theory supports this view and the Theory also lends evidence to the existence of other universe at the other planes that exist simultaneously!
How does Indian Philosophy look at this problem , what is its stand on this and how does it explain these phenomena?
Indian Philosophy confirms the existence of 14 present Universes in our plane and more in other planes.
Modern Physics has proved,albeit theoretically, the existence of 11 planes that exist in different co ordinates.
We shall examine this .
2.Mathematics and Time .
Those who are keeping tabs of modern physics are aware that Time Travel is theoretically possible, though modern physics can not reconcile certain facts.
Those who have read Isaac Asimov’s “Eternity’ and seen some of the Hollywood Films on Time,like The Moth man Prophecy (based on True life story),’Next’ will know that by extending the Logic of these films which are correct any way), one can see the contradiction.
If one were to travel back in Time , meet his self at that point of time and kills him /kill his mother ,Grand mother before (the man in who travelled to the past) before they were responsible e for his birth, what happens to his existence now?
If Time travel is possible, we can also alter Time.
When we alter Time we are altering Events which have happened already.
If we alter them now, what happens to the Events that have taken place?
After talking about the Types of Samadhi,Patanjali now goes deeper into the difference between on who has attained Samadhi,and those who attain it for a flash or intermittently.
To understand this concept one has to understand the Five Sheaths of Atman, Self, which at the Apara or Trancendental level is called Brahman.
The Five sheaths are,
Annamaya Kosa, Of Food
Pranamaya Kosa, Of Vital Breath,
Manomaya Kosa, Of Mind,
Vigyanamaya Kosa, Of Intellect and
Anandamaya Kosa Of Bliss.
The Atman is covered , as it were, by these sheaths.
Brahman is beyond these.
One who attains Samadhi goes beyond these sheaths.
( Buddhism also has these layers, but the Reality, in Buddhism,in Sunya or Zero, Nihilism>
It also describes The Sthula Sareera( Gross Body) The Sooksma sareera(The Subtle Body)
Hinduism also describes Sthula Sareera and Sookshma Sareera.
The attachment to the Physical Body or identifying the Atman or self with the Body is called the’ Dehatma Buddhi’
However much one tries various Yogas, this Dehatma Buddhi is difficult to get rid of.
Even those who attain Samadhi for a brief period of Time or for some time continuously are not cured of this Dehatma Buddhi.
Only those who are totally immersed in Samadhi( they can also carry out day-to-day activities of the Physical world) are the true Yogins.
Others are those who are unable to leave the Dehatma Buddhi.
These people know the limitations of the Physical World, know that they are still in the grip of Dehatma Buddhi; but they will be connected to the Sukshma Sareera and be one with nature or Prakriti.
They are called Prakitilayars, one who is in tune with Nature.
Being connected and rooted to Suksma Sareera, they can not get rid of the subtle impressions created by the Physical activities.
Hence, they have to face the consequences of their actions and they carry Vaasanas or the remnants of Impressions.
So they are caught in the web of Samsara, of Births and deaths
Real Yogic State is attained only when one leaves the impressions,Chitta Vruttis.
This is possible only when one performs actions without attachment, as Lord Krishna explains in The Bhagavad Gita.
This detachment is the prerequisite for Yoga Sadhana.
I.19. bhava pratyayo videha prakṛtilayānāṁ
bhava = objective existence, becoming
• pratyayah = cause, cognitive principle, content of mind, cognition
• videha = bodiless, disembodied
• prakriti = creative cause, subtlest material cause, nature
• layanam = dissolved, merged into
When such impressions remain, one retains the possibility (and the cause) of birth, even
after being freed from the present body and after becoming integrated with one’s own or
the cosmic nature. For, such impressions or memories nurture and perpetuate the
awareness of continued personal existence.
There could be a Super Computer controlling the Universes.
This Theory may be new to the West.
Indian philosophy ,asserts this Principle at different levels and systems.
1. Advaita.Or Non-Dualism postulates that the Universal basic Principle is One and That is called Brahman.
This Principle is the essence of Being,Knowledge and Bliss.
The world as we see it is an Illusion(Maya).
(This Illusion is called as ‘Avidya or Nescience’ at the individual level and ‘Maya’or Illusion at the Macro level)
It is not to say that it does not Exist.
It has a Relative existence with in the laid down parameters.
The other Existence is called Absolute ‘where the words do not reach, nor thoughts operate’.
At this Absolute level, there are no Attributes or Qualities ,to use a common word.
This is Called the Nirguna Brahman.
Then what about the World we see and Live?
As said earlier it also Exists,though in a limited sense, with the qualities that can be perceived by the organs provided to us and also the make up of the External universe.
These Perceptions we have of our Daily Universe is limited in Space and Time, that is Finite,for we have the Mind is limited by its inability to perceive without reference to Space and Time.
Immanuel Kant put it simple ‘Time and Space are the Goggles through which we perceive’
So the Universe is Finite for we conditioned to perceive the limited or the limited Nature of the Universe.
The different Universes that exist are regulated by other Laws and the Perceptive organs and the Laws are totally different.
There are 14 levels of Existence, each being controlled thus.
2.Theory of Karma. Karma means action.
Every action performed produces equal and opposite reaction.
When we complete an action, we have excluded the other choices presented to us.
Any choice presented has a set pattern.
So when only one option is taken the balance remain.
Action is a form of energy and once available can not be destroyed but can be changed.
Hence the opposite reactions for our actions and the remaining actions remain even after completion of action.
This remnant Energy , since it originates from the Doer, the reactions are limited to the Doer alone.
This in short is the abstract of Karma Theory.
Karma is of three kinds.
Sanchita Karma-Total accumulation of the reactions of the actions of the individual.
What ever we under go is due to a portion of the Karma that is taken out of the totality, Sanchita Karrma.
This Karma is called Prarabda Karma
The balance of the Sanchita Karma will take its course.
Then what about the actions we perform?
This is called Kriyamaana Karma which will yield results and to use banking term, will be credited or debited to your account.
An extension of this thought proves the existence of Life after Death and Rebirth.
As the quality of actions and consequently the reactions differ , one is assigned to different levels of Existence.
Buddhism,Jainism.The Theory of Karma is applied more stringently.Things differ from each other because of the rate at which they vibrate,
Higher the vibration subtler it becomes.
Lower it becomes Gross.
Actions create vasanas and vibrations and these results assign one to different levels of existence and worlds.
For more details please read my blogs filed under Indian Philosophy,Religion,Hinduism and for a detailed explanation of Time Theory refer my blog Time a Non Linear Theory.
“Imagine the situation where we get a big enough computer to simulate our universe, and we start such a simulation on our computers,” said professor Martin Savage, a physicists working on the project. “If that simulation runs long enough, and have same laws as our universe, then something like our universe will emerge within that simulations, and the situation will repeat itself within each simulation,” he said.
The current understanding of string theory indicates that there are 10,500 universes with different laws that determine the behaviour of particles within them, he said.
“So it is certainly true, that with enough computer resources, theorists would like to explore these universes ,” he added.
Explaining how the experiment works, physicists claim that finite computer resources mean that space time is not continuous but set on a grid with a finite volume, designed to create maximum energy subatomic particles. The direction these particles flow in will depend on how they are ordered on the grid. They will be looking at the distribution of the highest energy cosmic rays in order to detect patterns that could suggest that universe is the creation of some futuristic computer technology.
And if it does turns out that we are mere players in some sort of computer programme, they suggested that there may be a way to mess with the program, and play with the minds of our creators. “One could imagine trying to figure out how to manipulate the code, communicate with the code and questions that appear weird to consider today,” he said…
The point that we can manipulate the master code is fallacious as the Finite can not manipulate the Infinite .
Some things never change. Physicists call them the constants of nature. Such quantities as the velocity of light, c, Newton’s constant of gravitation, G, and the mass of the electron, me, are assumed to be the same at all places and times in the universe. They form the scaffolding around which the theories of physics are erected, and they define the fabric of our universe. …
In recent years, however, the status of the constants has grown more muddled, not less. Researchers have found that the best candidate for a theory of everything, the variant of string theory called M-theory, is self-consistent only if the universe has more than four dimensions of space and time – as many as seven more. One implication is that the constants we observe may not, in fact, be the truly fundamental ones. Those live in the full higher-dimensional space, and we see only their three-dimensional “shadows.” …
In fact, string theory allows for a vast number – 10,500 – of possible “worlds” with different self-consistent sets of laws and constants. …
The constants are a tantalizing mystery. Every equation of physics is filled with them, and they seem so prosaic that people tend to forget how unaccountable their values are. Their origin is bound up with some of the grandest questions of modern science, from the unification of physics to the expansion of the universe.
After measuring alpha in around 300 distant galaxies, a consistency emerged: this magic number, which tells us the strength of electromagnetism, is not the same everywhere as it is here on Earth, and seems to vary continuously along a preferred axis through the universe,” Professor John Webb from the University of New South Wales said.
“The implications for our current understanding of science are profound. If the laws of physics turn out to be merely ‘local by-laws’, it might be that whilst our observable part of the universe favours the existence of life and human beings, other far more distant regions may exist where different laws preclude the formation of life, at least as we know it.”(science Daily.com)