Sri Chakra 3D .image.

Perfect Sri Chakra By Adi Shankaracharya Sringeri


The Sri Chakra of Devi is perfect synchoronization of Universal Reality and the Individual Soul.

The Advaita system propounded Adi Shankaracharya,based on the Mahavakyas of the Vedas define Reality as Brahman .

It is is beyond Attributes.

It is beyond senses and a Noumenon.

It is Absolute with no reference to relate to.

The Individual Soul,Jiva is but a part of Brahman.

It is not separate,different from Brahman.

The individual soul,the world of Names and Forms are illusory in the sense that they are Relative.

The Individual Soul and the world of Names and Forms is because of Illusion.

This Illusion,at the Individual level is Avidya,Nescience,absence of Absolute Knowledge or loosely put Ignorance.

At the Universal level it is,Called Maya.
The Reality ,Brahman is the emobodiment of Being,Consciousness and Bliss.

SAT,CHIT,ANANDA.

Once ignorance,Avidya is removed the false ,Relative knowledge gives way to Absolute Knowledge,Brahma Gnana,when the Individual soul becomes aware of its original state,that of Reality,Brahman.

This,in short,is Advaita.

As it is impossible for the human mind to concentrate on mere principles,Hinduism,as a first step,recommends Personal God.

To facilitate the process of integrating the Universal Soul with the Individual soul,four tools are suggested.

1.Gods/Goddesses.

2.Sounds in the form of Mantras

3.Geometrical shapes and

4.Combination of Sound and Geometrical shapes,Mantra and Yantra,which form Tantra.

One of the most effective Yantra is Sri Chakra of Devi.

For details of Sri Chakra,google sri yantra+ramanan50.

Sri Chakra and OM are interchangeable.

Adi Shankaracharya established Sri Chakra invmany places,including Kolluru and Sringeri.

The perfect Sri Chakra can be found at Sringeri,the Mutt established by Adi Shankaracharya.

The ancient temple of Sri Sharada, the presiding deity of Sringeri has a glorious history that begins with the setting up of the Dakshinamnaya Peetham by Sri Shankara Bhagavatpada. Originally it was an unpretentious shrine with the Murti of Sharada made of sandalwood, installed over the Sri Chakra that Sri Adi Shankara carved on a rock. Subsequently Sri Bharati Krishna Tirtha and Sri Vidyaranya had a temple built in the Kerala style, with timber and tiled roof. Sri Bharati Krishna Tirtha substituted the sandalwood idol with the present golden idol.

Sri Sacchidananda Shivabhinava Nrisimha Bharati raised the present structure in granite with polished granite walling round the sanctum and Sri Chandrasekhara Bharati consecrated the new temple in May 1916. Sri Abhinava Vidyatirtha made several improvements in the temple. The Mahamandapam has huge stone pillars exquisitely carved with deities like Durga, Raja Rajeshwari, Dwarapalakas and Devis which are all sculpted according to the Shilpa Sastras practised in Tamilnadu.

Sanctified by the worship of an unbroken succession of Acharyas of the highest purity, loftiest devotion and unsurpassed mantric powers, the Murti of Sri Sharada radiates grace and blessings.’

Reference and citation.

https://www.sringeri.net/temples/sri-sharadamba

Whitefield Kadugodi Bangalore Built By Chola 1043


History of Bangalore is quite old.

General conception i that Kempe Gowda established Bangalore around 1537 CE.

‘A succession of South Indian dynasties, the Western Gangas, the Cholas and the Hoysalas, ruled the present region of Bangalore until in 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bangalore.’

Yet we find a 7000 year old Temple in Malleshwaram and another Someshwara Temple in Madivala,Bangalore.

Bangalore, hence, must be older than what is believed.

The Western Ganga Dynasty, called Mel(west) Gangar find reference in Tamil literature  of the period of Rajaraja Chola, who built the Thanjavur Big Temple in Tamil Nadu and Rajendra Chola, his son who built the Gangai Konda Cholapuram, Tamil Nadu.

Western Ganga dynasty ruled Karnataka and  lasted from about 350 to 1000 AD.

Later came the Cholas and Hoysalas.

However my research indicates Karnataka  to be much older, considering that Lord Rama’s brother in Law Rishyasrunga lived in Sringeri.

And there are references to Karnataka region in ancient Tamil literature.

I shall be writing on this shortly.

While going through Indian History from Indian sources, including the Purana and Tamil Literature( I unfortunately know only Tamil and Sanskrit;wish I have learnt more Indian languages), a curious fact emerges.

Though King fought for supremacy with each other, common people remained close together, except during wars.

There were marriages between people regions belonging to different regions.

The Kings to married from other dynasties.

Rajendra helped his nephew Rajaraja defeat Vijayaditya. His armies defeated Vijayadiya in Vengi and Jayasimha in the battle of Maski.

The village Kadugodi, Whitefield was built during the period of Rajendra Chola.

‘Kadugodi (ಕಾಡುಗೋಡಿ IPA: [Kāḍugōḍi]), known as Kadugudi was founded by the great Cholas Dynasty. It is located in Whitefield, Bangalore in the state of Karnataka. Kadugodi comes from “kadu” & “Gudi” meaning “temple in a forest” in Kannada.’

Also the  ‘KaShivishwanatha Temple (Built in the period of Cholas Dynasty) recently it has been re constructed. 2. Sree RamanjanEya temple (one of the oldest temple) 3. Shiva temple (another Oldest temple)’

Cholas Dynasty’s Inscriptions dating from 1043AD exists in Kadugodi, from the period of Rajendra Chola I, which describes the construction of the Pattanduru Lake, and Ganesh, Durga and Kshetrapaala temples by Chola chieftain Raja Raja Velan son of Permadi Gavunda.

Reference and citations.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kadugodi#Arts_and_Inscriptions

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangalore

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajendra_Chola_I#Chalukyan_conflict

 

800 Year Shiva Temple By Chola Silk Board Bangalore


Bharatavarsha was and is One,

Due to misinformation and doctored history, we feel we belong to different states.

The Sanatana Dharma culture permeated the whole Fabric of India.

Yes.

We did and do speak different languages but we are one as a Bharatvanshi, united by our common culture.

Someswara temple in Madivala Bangalore

Someswara Temple,Old Madiwala,Bangalore. The temple is said to be a Chola period structure, making it one among Bangalore’s oldest. The earliest record dates to 1247 AD.source.By Eshwar.om at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42152193

One can find evidence of this if one observes the practices followed in each state of India.

I have written about a 7000 year old Shiva Temple in Malleswaram, Bangalore.

We have one more Shiva temple which is 800 years old.

Tamil inscription in Shiva temple bangalore

Tamil Inscriptions of the Madiwala Someshwara Temple, Bangalore .source.By Rice, Benjamin Lewis – https://archive.org/details/epigraphiacarnat09myso, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42149202

It was built by a Chola King and the. Someswara Temple,Central Silk Board, Madivala , as Tamil inscriptions.

English translation of Tamil inscription in shiva Temple Bangalore

English Translations of the Tamil Inscriptions of the Madiwala Someshwara Temple, Bangalore.Source.By Rice, Benjamin Lewis – https://archive.org/details/epigraphiacarnat09myso, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42149200

‘Non-Bangaloreans perhaps conjure up images of silk when they hear these words. Almost certainly, an 800-year-old temple is not what you would associate with that bustling junction… which makes the Someshwara temple one of IT city’s best kept secrets.

The temple is in old Madivala, a place where shops and houses open out onto narrow lanes that twist this way and that, and where children still play cricket in the bylanes. And while traffic-induced chaos reigns supreme at the Silk Board junction, peace and quiet hold sway at the Someswhara temple a mere kilometre away.

The stone temple is said to be a Chola period temple, making it one among Bangalore’s oldest. And there is ample proof of its antiquity. Large portions of its outer walls are covered with inscriptions in Tamil and Grantha (an old script used to write Sanskrit) characters, attesting to the temple’s age. The earliest record dates to 1247 AD and refers to lands donated “below the big tank of Vengalur” by a resident of ‘Veppur’ (modern-day Begur). Other inscriptions seem to have followed in quick succession, recording grants made during the reigns of Hoysala king Ballala III and Chola king Rajendra. One record, from 1365, mentions a land grant at Tamaraikkirai (meaning ‘the banks of the lotus pond’ in Tamil). Epigraphy expert H S Gopala Rao, Secretary of the Karnataka Itihasa Academy, points out that this is the old name for what we today know as Tavarekere.

Apart from its obvious age, the Madivala area may have much else to boast about. Gopala Rao mentions how inscriptions have been found elsewhere in Bangalore which suggest that the illustrious Krishnadevaraya, the most famous king of the Vijayanagar empire, himself spent some time in Madivala.

Today, though, there are no trappings of royalty, either in Madivala or in the Someshwara temple. The temple underwent extensive renovations five years ago, but as Gopala Rao says, fortunately, the inscriptions were largely unharmed. The temple’s outer walls that carry the inscriptions and also idols of various gods including Ganesha, Durga and Vishnu, remain unaltered.

Inside, apart from shiny new flooring, the garba griha and artha mantapa were untouched. These inner chambers still remain small and darkened spaces that encourage a personal and intimate communion with the Lord.

Apart from four carved pillars, the artha mantapa has a large and elegantly proportioned granite Nandi facing the linga. Behind the Nandi, the eastern wall of the temple has a small opening that is directly in line with the linga.

In the days before Madivala was engulfed in buildings, the sun’s rays entered through this small opening to illuminate the linga. According to the priest, K Achyuta Rao, the temple’s deity is a Swayambhu linga, i.e., it is said to have manifested itself without any human agency.

This refreshingly quiet and serene temple remains open for worship from 7:30 to 11:00 in the mornings and from 5:30 to 8:30 in the evenings. ‘

‘The Someshware temple at Madivala is one of Bangalore’s oldest, dating back to the Chola period. There are a number of Tamil and Grantha inscriptions on the outer walls of the temple. The oldest of these inscriptions dates to 1247 AD talks about a land grants “below the big tank of Vengalur” by a Veppur (modern Begur) resident. Other inscriptions also talk about other land grants including those done during the reigns of Ballala III and Rajendra Chola. Another instrciption dated 1365 talks about land grand at Tamaraikkirai (which translates to ‘lotus pond bank’ in Tamil, and according to HS Gopala Rao, Secretary of the Karnataka Itihasa Academy refers to the present day Tavarekere suburb

Old Madiwala Sri Someshwara Temple located in Bangalore city (also Bengaluru) is dedicated to the deity Someshwara (the Hindu god Shiva). It is one among the oldest temples in the city and dates back to the Chola Empire period.The temple belongs to the early 12th century.(1247 AD).

The temple houses a “Swayambu” Shiva lingam in it Sanctum Sanctorum (Shiva lingam formed by natural Rock Formation). But unlike other ancient temples in Bangalore, this temple is in good shape and cared well by people around. This shows the real strength people have in protecting our heritage without outside help. It is very powerful and Ancienttemple.

Source and citations.

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/14855/ancient-temple-bustling-junction.html

Image and wiki citation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Madiwala_Someshwara_Temple,_Bangalore

 

Rudra Birth Place Adi Gokarna Creates World Ekadasa Rudras


Not much of is known about Rudra, excepting the Maha Mantra Sri Rudram, which is invogue to worship Lord Shiva.

Rudra is considered to be an Amsa, a part of Shiva in performance of His Duty of Destruction of The Universe.

The destruction is not annihilation but Concealment,Thirodhaana.

Rudra Manifestation. Rudra Manifestation.

There are Five Attributes of Lord Shiva.

Shiva means Auspiciousness.

Rudra's Birth Place.jpg Rudra’s Birth Place, Gokarna.

Adi Gokarna.jpg Adi Gokarna.

The Five Attributes are.

Srushti, Creation,

Sthithi,Stabilization and maintenance,

Samhara, Destruction as a Prelude to Concealment,

Thirodhaana, Concealment and

Anugraha,Divine Blessing-Anugraha is difficult to translate into English, it is more than Divine Blessing, Blessing by Divine with a Personal touch.

The aspect destruction is carried out by Rudra and Rudra is called as a Gana of Shiva, some other Ganas being  Ganapati(Ganesha) who is the Chief of Ganas, Nandikeshwara.

The Sri Rudra begins with the Salutation,

Om Namo Bhagawate Rudaaya,

Namsthe Rudramanyave,

My obeisance to Lord Rudra,

My obeisance to Your Anger.

Rudra is the personification of Righteous Anger.

As such He is always portrayed as one with uncontrollable anger.

He is also called as a Hunter.,Kraatha.

I shall be writing in detail about the History of Shiva and Rudra from the available Historical evidence.

There are eleven Rudras, Ekadasa Rudras.

They are,

Mrgavadha, Sarpa, Nirriti, Ajaikapad, Ahi Budhnya, Pinakin, Dahana, Ishvara, Kapalin, Sthanu and Bhaga(Mahabharata)

Manyu, Manu, Mahmasa, Mahan, Siva, Rtudhvaja, Ugraretas, Bhava, Kama, Vamadeva and Dhrtavrata.(Vishnu Purana)

Aja, Ekapada (Ekapat), Ahirbudhnya, Tvasta, Rudra, Hara, Sambhu, Tryambaka, Aparajita, Isana and Tribhuvana(

  1. Mani pp. 654–5
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Daniélou, Alain (1991). The myths and gods of India. Inner Traditions International. pp. 102–4, 341, 371. ISBN 0-89281-354-7.)

Kapali, Pingala, Bhima, Virupaksa, Vilohita, Ajesha, Shasana, Shasta, Shambhu, Chanda and Dhruva –Matsya Purana.

The origin of Rudra differs.

They are eleven of the 33 children of the sage Kashyapa and his wife Aditi, along with the 12 Adityas, 8 Vasus and 2Ashvins, constituting the Thirty-three gods-Ramayana.

Rudras are the sons of Kashyapa and Aditi-Vamana Purana.

Rudra – here identified with Shiva – was born from the anger of the creator-god Brahma. The furious Rudra was in Ardhanari form, half his body was male and other half female. He divided himself into two: the male and female. The male form then split itself into eleven, forming the eleven Rudras. Some of them were white and gentle; while others were dark and fierce. They are called Manyu, Manu, Mahmasa, Mahan, Siva, Rtudhvaja, Ugraretas, Bhava, Kama, Vamadeva and Dhrtavrata. From the woman were born the eleven Rudranis who became wives of the Rudras. They are Dhi, Vrtti, Usana, Urna, Niyuta, Sarpis, Ila, Ambika, Iravatl, Sudha and Diksa. Brahma allotted to the Rudras the eleven positions of the heart and the five sensory organs, the five organs of action and the mind.

The Birth Place of Rudra.

Adi Gokarna is mentioned as the birth place of Rudra.

When it took a long time for Brahma, who was ordered to Create the Universe, he became angry and as a result of His anger a child was born and when Brahma opened His eyes he found a Child crying and He asked the Child,

Why do you cry”

Kim Ruda?(Sanskrit)

Brahma named the child as Rudra.

This child was considered to be aspect of Sankara and Brahma asked Him to create the Universe and He created a perfect world only with One Guna, Satvik, Pure, gentle,ascetic.

Brahma found it was not alright and produced the world with Satva ,Rajas and Tamas qualities,purity & goodness (Satvik), action and passion (Rajas), Ignorance and Inertia (Tamas).

This He produced in the Brahma Loka while Sankara created the Satvik world from the Patala Loka.

On knowing that Brahma created a world of His own, Rudra became furious and rose as a Thunder towards the sky about to annihilate the Earth.

Bhoomi (Mother Earth) was terrified by this  pleaded Rudra,

“Oh my Lord, I am a woman and more so, a frightened one. I am at the risk of destruction and I will be shattered into pieces without any fault of mine. So please forgive me”.

Her fearful but innocent pleading moved Rudra.

He asked if she had any wishes. Bhoomi requested him to move out slowly from a tiny hole in her ear. She also requested him to take a tiny form (Angushta Matra).

Rudra conceded to her request and came out of Bhoomi’s ear.

After coming out, Lord Shankar showered blessings on Bhoomi.

He said Bhoomi one of your names is “Go” and as I came out of yourkarna (ear), this place where I emerged shall be known, as Gokarna. He also said, I am as good as born here and hence this place shall also be known as “Rudra Yoni”

 

Sages (Rishis) consecrated a ShivaLinga at the point of emergenceand It is this Shivlinga in Gokarna realm, known as “Aaadi Gokarna

Adi Gokarna.

Post on Adi Gokarna Follows.

Rudra Refernces.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudras#cite_ref-Mani_2-0

Reference.and Image credit.

http://scriptures.ru/india/karnataka/gokarna/mahabaleshwar_en.htm

For more information on Gokarn.

http://www.gokarnamahabaleshwar.com/english/index.php/2013-11-07-09-45-04

Bullfighting Jallikkattu Spain corrida de toros Started By Krishna


The presence of Bull in Hinduism is on two counts.

One is as the Mount of Lord Shiva.

As Shiva’s mount the bull is called Nandi.

 

There are temples dedicated to Nandikeshwara or Nandeswara.

There is a Huge Nandi, among other places in India, in Bangalore.

A road is also named as Bull Temple Road in Bangalore.

Another instance of buffalo is the slaying of it by Mahishauramardhini.

Tamil literature speaks of bull fighting as Jallikkattu , which is about 5000 Years old practice.

This event takes place in Tamil Nadu even today.

The important place where the jallikkatu takes place is Alanganaalur,near madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

The Bullfighting practice has been in vogue in many ancient cultures.

The bullfighting in Spain and Latin American countries is called corrida de toros.

Lord Krishna married a  Pandyan princess, had a daughter through her, Pandya and gifted her 100 Yadava families as dowry.

Krishna also attended Tamil Sangam as a Guest.

Please read my posts on this.

It is probable that Krishna introduced bullfighting in Tamil Nadu and throughout the world.

Bullfighting Inscription in Tamil Nadu musuem.jpg

Bull fighting in Tamil Literature. “A Bull baiting inscription 1” by Thamizhpparithi Maari – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_Bull_baiting_inscription_1.JPG#/media/File:A_Bull_baiting_inscription_1.JPG

Bullfighting Inscription in Tamil Nadu musuem.

Spanish Bullfight.jpg Spanish Bullfight.

Bullfighting (Spanish: corrida de toros [koˈriða ðe ˈtoɾos] or toreo [toˈɾeo]; Portuguese: tourada [toˈɾaðɐ]), also known astauromachia or tauromachy (Spanish: tauromaquia  listen , Portuguese: tauromaquia; from Greek: ταυρομαχία“bull-fight”),is a traditional spectacle of Spain, Portugal, southern France and some Latin American countries (Mexico,Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Peru),[7] in which one or more bulls are fought in a bullring. Although a blood sport, by definition, some followers of the spectacle prefer to view it as a ‘fine art’ and not a sport,[8] as there are no elements of competition in the proceedings.’

The Mitanni Empire covered what is now known as Iraq, Turkey Syria, Lebanon,Egypt and included Italy.

They were the ancestors of these people.

Mitanni were the ancestors of the Egyptians as well…

These Kings and even a Roman Emperor sported Thiruman, The Vaishnavite marks on their Body.

The Sun King Akhenaten of Egypt who ruled between 1352-1336 BC was a son-in-law of Tushratta, the Mitanni king. The name Tushratta has been recorded in the Hittite cuneiform script.

Some have suggested that the Sanskrit origin of Tushratta is Dasaratha, a few others that it is Tvesaratha (having splendid chariots), a name which is attested in the Rigveda.

“The first Mitanni king was Sutarna I (good sun). He was followed by Baratarna I (or Paratarna great sun), Parasuksatra(ruler with axe),…. Saustatar (Sauksatra, son of Suksatra, the good ruler), Artadama (abiding in cosmic law)..Tushratta (Dasaratha), and finally Matiwazza (Mativaja, whose wealth is thought) during whose lifetime the Mitanni state appears to have become a vassal to Assyria”. Subhash Kak traces the ‘arna’ syllable in the names of the kings to ‘araNi’ (अरणि) meaning ‘sun’…

(Akhenaten, Surya, and the Rigveda’, Prof Subhash Kak (an Indian American computer scientist, previous Head of Computer Science Department, Oklahoma State University)…

Bull fighting in Spain started around 18th century. There are different versions of bull fighting. In Spain the bull is killed ,that too with a weapon like we see in the Indus seals. This type of bull fighting has spread to Latin America and Mexico when the Spanish culture was introduced.

Whether it is Tamil Nadu or Spain special kind of bulls are raised exclusively for this purpose with a special type of diet and special training. Tamils have practised this ancient sport for at least two thousand years. They call it Jalli kattu or Manju Virattu or Eru Thazuvuthal. It means chasing the bull or tackling the bull. In ancient Tamil Nadu the horns of the bulls were tied with coins, may be gold coins…

We have lot of proof to believe that the Bull fighting was started by Lord Krishna who was the most popular cowherd (Yadava Kula Tilaka) in the world. Kaliyuga started in 3102 BC after the death of Krishna. But Mahabharata war took place between 1000 and 1500 BC according to majority of the scholars. Even if we go by this date, Krishna was the first one to have a fight with almost all the animals. He fought with an elephant, a bull, a python, a horse, a cran , a donkey and many more . All were set up by his uncle Kamsa according to Hindu mythology. These anecdotes have produced huge literature in Tamil and Sanskrit which has got no parallel in any part of the world. Krishna’s episodes are mentioned in film songs even today in almost all the Indian languages. The bull Krishna fought was Aristasura.

The proof for Krishna starting this comes from 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature. Kalitokai is one of the eight anthologies of Sangam (Cankam) period. Nalluruthtiranar who sang Mullai Kali gave a graphic description of bull fighting. Justifying his name Shiva (Rudra), the poet mentioned Lord Siva in all his poems. Justifying that it was started during Mahabaharata days the poet gave lot of references to Mahabharata episodes. He said that it was practised by the Ayar community (cowherds)in the pastoral areas.

The poet mentioned how the bulls tear the bull fighters apart like the buffalo riding Yama, God of Death. The colourful bulls are described and compared to various personalities -white bull to Balarama and black bull to Krishna and so on. The Mullaik Kali has got 16 poems beautifully describing the pastoral culture of ancient Tamilnadu. Anyone who reads this Mullaik Kali will get a better picture of how it was practised in ancient Tamil Nadu. All the suspense, gossip, flirting, amorous desires of Ayar girls are dealt with in hundreds of lines- a feast to Tamil lovers.’

 

Jallikkattu.

Jallikkattu, Alanganallur.jpg Jallikkattu, Alanganallur.

Jallikattu (Tamil: சல்லிகட்டு, callikaṭṭtu) also known Eruthazhuvuthal (Tamil: ஏறுதழுவல், ērutazhuval) or Manju viraṭṭu (Tamil: மஞ்சு விரட்டு), is a bull taming sport played in Tamil Nadu as a part of Pongal celebrations on Mattu Pongal day. Bulls are bred specifically for the sporting event and a specific breed of cattle bred for this purpose is known as “Jellicut”. In May 2014, the Supreme Court banned the sport citing animal welfare issues.

Jallikattu, which is bull-baiting or bull cuddling/holding was a popular sport amongst warriors during the Tamil classical period. Bull fighting was common among the ancient tribes who lived in the ‘Mullai’ geographical division of the ancient Tamil country.[5] Later, it the sport became a platform for display of bravery and prize money was introduced for entertainment. The term “Jallikattu” originated from the words “Jalli” and “Kattu”, referring to silver or gold coins tied to the bulls’ horns.[5] A seal from the Indus Valley Civilization depicting the sport is preserved in the National Museum, New Delhi.[6] A single painting discovered in a cave about 35 km west of Madurai shows a lone man trying to control a bull and the painting, done in white kaolin is estimated to be about 1,500 years old

Citation.

http://archbhoo-india.blogspot.in/2015/01/lord-krishna-started-bull-fighting.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullfighting

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jallikattu