Astrophysics, Hinduism

Universe Size 13.7 Billion Light Years Surya Siddhanta Science Agrees


When one talks of Distances in Space one is struck by the sheer magnitude of it.

The distances involved are so huge that the Speed of Light is taken as the base.

Even this is not sufficient to comprehend and measure large numbers involved.

Hence the concept of AU, Astronomical Unit.

Observable Universe.Image.png

Observable Universe.

One AU equals the distance traveled by Light in a Year.

That is 149 597 871 Kilometers.

Definition: An Astronomical Unit is the mean distance between the Earth and the Sun. In 2012, the International Astronomical Union defined the distance to be 149,597,870,700 meters.(http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/glossary/au.html)

Astronomers have measured the age of the universe to be approximately 13.8 billion years old. Because of the connection between distance and thespeed of light, this means they can look at a region of space that lies 13.8 billion light-years away. Like a ship in the empty ocean, astronomers on Earth can turn their telescopes to peer 13.8 billion light-years in every direction, which puts *Earth inside of an observable sphere with a radius of 13.8 billion light-years. The word “observable” is key; the sphere limits what scientists can see but not what is there.

But though the sphere appears almost 28 billion light-years in diameter, it is far larger. Scientists know that the universe is expanding. Thus, while scientists might see a spot that lay 13.8 billion light-years from Earth at the time of the Big Bang, the universe has continued to expand over its lifetime. Today, that same spot is 46 billion light-years away, making the diameter of the observable universe a sphere around 92 billion light-years

What Surya Siddhnata Siddhantha says.

Saurapakshiya Suryasiddhanta speaks of a mahayuga of 4320000 years, so do the Puranas.

There are 14 universes (Bhuvanas) according to Vedic-Puranic tradition, and our material (physical) Universe is at the middle level. We can see 7 universes at a time in any one direction, but not all 14 simultaneously. *According to Suryasiddhanta 1955885109 years have elapsed (in 2009 AD) since the beginning of Creation. When we see seven universes arranged one after another, we see into (1955885109 * 7 =) 13691 million years of TIME, and into 13691 million light-years of SPACE. Currently, scientists believe the extent of Universe to be of 13.7 billion light years.

 

Divide 13.7 billion years with 10^42 (10 raised to the power 42, or 42 zeroes after 1).

13.7 billion years = (13,691,195,763 years) * (31558149.61 seconds per year) = 4.320688 * {10^17} seconds

This is the largest QUANTUM of TIME.”

Modern Astronomy confirms this.

* One has to know that Speed and distance are interchangeable while talking of large distance numbers in Space.

Citation.

http://www.space.com/24073-how-big-is-the-universe.html

http://vedicastrology.wikidot.com/physical-astronomy-and-surya-siddhanta#toc16

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Astrophysics

Hand, Giant Fingerprints Of God NASA


Actually it is not the hand of God.

It is the X-ray Photograph of the remains of exploded Star.

It resembles a Huge hand.

And you have an Image in Mars resembling a Giant Fingerprint!

Hand of God Image.

NASA Image Hand of God

 

 

x Ray image of a collapsed Star

Hand of God

A Young Pulsar Shows Its Hand

A small, dense object only 12 miles in diameter is responsible for this beautiful X-ray nebula that spans 150 light years. At the center of this image made by NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory is a very young and powerful pulsar, known as PSR B1509-58, or B1509 for short. The pulsar is a rapidly spinning neutron star which is spewing energy out into the space around it to create complex and intriguing structures, including one that resembles a large cosmic hand.

In this image, the lowest energy X-rays that Chandra detects are red, the medium range is green, and the most energetic ones are colored blue. Astronomers think that B1509 is about 1,700 years old and it is located about 17,000 light years away.

Neutron stars are created when massive stars run out of fuel and collapse. B1509 is spinning completely around almost 7 times every second and is releasing energy into its environment at a prodigious rate — presumably because it has an intense magnetic field at its surface, estimated to be 15 trillion times stronger than the Earth’s magnetic field.

The combination of rapid rotation and ultra-strong magnetic field makes B1509 one of the most powerful electromagnetic generators in the galaxy. This generator drives an energetic wind of electrons and ions away from the neutron star. As the electrons move through the magnetized nebula, they radiate away their energy and create the elaborate nebula seen by Chandra.”

Fingerprint Mars

Giant Fingerprint in Mars

Source:

http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_1323.html

http://handfacts.wordpress.com/2009/09/11/planet-mars-has-a-gigantic-fingerprint-about-nasas-hand-of-god/

Image Credits: NASA/CXC/CfA/P. Slane et al.

Related:

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2012/05/18/andromeda-galaxy-resembles-vishnus-disqus-slide-show/

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/12/28/vishnus-navel-galaxy-center-verified-collapse-of-civilizations/

 

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Astrophysics

Stars hum Music ,Kepler Telescope Records!


The oldest star of our Galaxy: HE 1523-0901

Image via Wikipedia

 

that’s so awesome!

Music of the stars‘ now louder
Distant star makes music
First stellar ‘heartbeat’ heard
Mission guide: Corot
The Kepler space telescope measures the sizes and ages of stars five times better than any other means – when it “listens” to the sounds they make.

http://current.com/1jjn14c

Bill Chaplin, speaking at the AAAS conference in Washington, said that Kepler was an exquisite tool for what is called “astroseismology“.

The technique measures minuscule variations in a star’s brightness that occur as soundwaves bounce within it.

The Kepler team has now measured some 500 far-flung stars using the method.

Bill Chaplin of the University of Birmingham told the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science that astroseismology was, in essence, listening to the “music of the stars”.

But it is not sound that Kepler measures. Its primary job is spotting exoplanets, by measuring the tiny dip in the amount of light that it sees whan a planet passes in front of a distant star.

Such precision light-level measurements also work for astroseismology, because as sound waves resonate within a star, they slightly change both the brightness and the colour of light that is emitted.

Continue reading the main story

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I could literally spend the rest of my research career working on these data”

Bill Chaplin
University of Birmingham
Researchers can deduce the acoustic oscillations that gave rise to the ripples on the light that Kepler sees.

Like a musical instrument, the lower the pitch, the bigger the star. That means that the sounds are thousands of times lower than we can hear.

But there are also overtones – multiples of those low frequencies – just like instruments, and these give an indication of the depth at which the sound waves originate, and the amount of hydrogen or helium they are passing through.

Since stars fuse more and more hydrogen into helium as they grow older, these amounts give astroseismologists a five-fold increase in the precision of their age estimates for stars.

“With conventional astronomy, when we look at stars we’re seeing the radiation emitted at their surfaces; we can’t actually see what’s happening inside.”

“Using the resonances, we can literally build up a picture of what the inside of a star looks like – there’s no other way of doing that. It’s not easy to do, but we’re now getting there, thanks to Kepler.”

Kepler is not the first mission to lend itself to astroseimology; Canada’s Most and Esa’s Corot satellites, for example, are designed specifically to collect similar data.

But just the first few months of observations by Kepler has provided scientists with data on hundreds of stars, whereas Dr Chaplin said that only about 20 have been studied in detail before.

“Suddenly we have this huge database to mine,” he said.

“I could literally spend the rest of my research career working on these data – we’re just starting to mine them.”
sources:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-12507032

Related:
Astronomers have detected sound waves in the outer atmosphere of a star 130 light-years from Earth. Synthesized, they come across as a lot of bass notes, say the researchers.

The detection technique the scientists used allows them to probe the outer layers of stars, to compare observational data with theoretical models to show how the stars should behave and develop.

The technique is the same one that has been used in the past decade to find more than 70 planets circling other stars.

 

 

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Astrophysics

Universe did not evolve violently.Study.


 

 

Star torn apart by an intermediate-mass black hole. (Credit: NASA)

Until now, the main suspects for what made these supermassive black holes into active galactic nuclei were galactic mergers. The crashes were thought to be what drove matter into the black holes, ramping up their activity. [Gallery: Black Holes of the Universe]

 

But after looking at telltale signs of galactic mergers among 140 active galaxies, as well as more than 1,200 comparable inactive galaxies, over the last 8 billion years, a team of astronomers found no significant link between the galaxy crashes and black hole outbursts.

“The implication is that the universe is not evolving in such a violent way as previously thought, at least for the last 8 billion years,” research team leader Mauricio Cisternas, an astronomer at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Heidelberg, Germany, told SPACE.com. The universe is thought to be about 13.7 billion years old.

http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-501465_162-20027320-501465.html

 

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