Shiva His Ornaments Description And Meaning.

The description of Lord Shiva in Hinduism is unique.

1.Shiva has both Invisible,Without Form,Aroopa and with Form.

There is a temple in Avudayar Koil,Tamil Nadu,where the Shiva’s Sanctum is Empty,denoting Invisibilty.There is Chidambaram,Tamil Nadu,where the Serect Sanctum is empty.

2.Shiva ,as a symbol,in between being invisible and visible with human form,is Linga.

3.Shiva also has human form .

4.He is also described as a Yogin,Adi Yogi,the first one to present and practice Yoga.

5.Unlike the Avatars of Vishnu,He is never born of a womb.

6.His 64 Avatars as described in Tamil Classics represent the 64 principles of th Universe,as enumerated in Saiva Siddantha.

His physical description and his ornaments are expressions of the Universe.

His famous names.

  • Mahadeva (The Supreme Lord : Maha = great, Deva = God – more often than not, the Aghora (fierce) version)
  • Rudra (The one who howls or strict and uncompromising)
  • Maheshwar (The Supreme Lord: Maha = great, Eshwar = God)
  • Rameshwar (The one whom Ram worships: Ram, Eshwar = worships, God; Ram’s God)
  • Mahayogi (The Supreme Yogi: Maha = great, Yogi = one who practices Yoga)
  • Mahabaleshwar (Great God of Strength: Maha = great, Bal = strength, Eshwar = God)
  • Trinetra (Three-Eyed One, i.e. All-Knowing: Tri = three, Netra = Eye)
  • Triaksha (Three-Eyed One, i.e. All-Knowing: Tri = three, Aksha = Eye)
  • Trinayana (Three-Eyed One, i.e. All-Knowing: Tri = three, Nayana = Eye)
  • Tryambakam (Three-Eyed One, i.e. All-Knowing: Tri = three, Ambakam = Eye)
  • Mahakala (Great Time, i.e. Conqueror of Time: Maha = three, Kala = Time)
  • Neelakantha (The one with a Blue Throat: Neel = blue, Kantha = throat)
  • Digambara (One who has the skies as his clothes, i.e. The Naked One: Dik = Clothes, Ambara = Sky)
  • Shankara (Giver of Joy)
  • Shambhu (Abode of Joy)
  • Vyomkesha (The One who has the sky as his hair: Vyom = sky, Kesha =hair)
  • Chandrashekhara (The master of the Moon: Chandra = Moon, Shekhara = master)
  • Siddheshwara (The Perfect Lord)
  • Trishuldhari (He who holds the divine Trishul or Trident: Trishul = Trident, Dhari = He who holds)
  • Dakhshinamurthi (The Cosmic Tutor)
  • Kailashpati (He whose abode is Mount Kailash)
  • Pashupatinath (Lord of all Creatures)
  • Umapati (The husband of Uma)
  • Gangadhar (He who holds the river Ganga)
  • Bhairava (The Frightful One)
  • Sabesan – Lord who dances in the dais
  • ( ) These names are from the Shiva Sahasranama.

Shiva is portrayed as the color of Red Embers,sitting in Deerskin, representing the Active emotional nature,Rajo Guna being controlled by Sathva,the Calm naure expressed by Deer Skin.

Shiva is also described as White in color, Swetha,representing Sathva,Pure.

In this description He sits on Tiger skin,which represents Rajas,indicating one can master the impulsive nature by Calmness,Satva Guna.

Shiva,being in Smasana,the Burning ghat,is Hot.

Therefore, He is worshipped with Bilva leaf,which cools.

The Bilva leaf has three leaves in a cluster.

The three leaves forming a part on one Bilva leaf express the Three Attributes of Jiva, the Individual Self.

These three are,

Pasu, The Brahman as Individual Self,

Pathi, The Universal SelfBrahman and

The Paasa, attachment to things worldly.

Vishnu is Cool in the Ocean of Milk,Ksheera Sagar.

He is worshipped with Tulsi,which is hot.

Shiva has maatted locks,he is called Jatadhara.

These locks of intertwined hairs represent the countless thought which overlap each other ,leading to Confusion of the Chitta.

These thoughts can be controlled by raising the Kundalini,which lies in the Solar Plexus,Mooladhara to the Centre of the forehead Sahasrara.

That is Shiva’s Third Eye,

 Trinetra represents Sahasrara.

Shiva wears the horizontal,parallel white lines across His forehead.

These lines are to remind one that ‘Dust Thou Art,dust Thou shall retuneth.

And these three lines also indicate the three fundamental units/forces of the Universe.

Motion,Non motion and their being held in balance.

Purusha,the Kinetic Energy,Prakriti,the Potential energy and the Sparsa,the initial contact that evolves the Universe.

The Universe is constantly in Motion and is born of Motion.

Which precedes Motion or Sound/Vibration?

Vibration is caused by Sound or is it the other way?

Out of Vibration is born Sound.

Sound is expressed as Language.

Shivas Damaru,Drum represents Vibration and Sound.

His Damaru produced Sanskrit in. The form of Maheswara Sutras.

There are two types of Damaru, Skull Damaru and Chod Damaru.

Shiva's Damaru emits Maheswara Sutras..jpg.
Maheswara Sutras from Shivas’ Damaru

Shiva wears the Moon in its Phase on His head.

Moon is responsible for the activity of the Mind and it has to be controlled by Chitta to realize Self.

The Chitta is on a higher plane of mind.

Shiva’s Trident.

It represents the the three basic tools of performane.

Icha Sakthi,desire to act,

Kriya Sakthi,the Action and 

Gnana Sakthi,the discriminating power to coose action.

Shiva’s Earrings.

These are in the shape of Snakes.

In Yoga,two nadis,the path of Prana are described.

The Ida and Pungala,the breath that passes through the left nostril and through the right respectively.

They have to be equal and in Unison to Realize Self.

Snake around the neck represent the desires that bind us to the world as mill around the neck.

Ganga,the river and Rudraksha of Shiva express the physical tools to purify the body.

  • Om Namasthesthu Bhagavan
  • Visveswaraya Mahadevaya
  • Trayambakayah Tripuranthakaya Trikalagni-kalaya
  • Kalagni-Rudraya Nilakantaya Mrityumjayaya Sarveshwaraya
  • Sadasivaya Sriman Mahadevaya Namah!!

Shiva As One to Eight Thirumandhiram Thirumoolar

Tamil version of Yoga and Shiva worship differs slightly from the Vedic Worship.

The Vaasi Yoga of Tamil is the root for Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra in the sense  that while Vaasi Yoga addresses the issue of Breath Control directly,Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra goes from the tools to achieve Breath Control.

The Siddhas are like Rishis,Realized Souls,who have revealed texts on Science and Philosophy.

Agastya,Valmiki are Siddhas,according to Tamil literature.

Though there are innumerable Siddhas,Eighteen are considered to be the foremost among them.

For more read my article on Siddhas.

Shiva is considered to be the First Siddha.

One of the great Siddhas,Thirumoolar had written a treatise called ‘Thiru Mandiram” The Auspicious Mantra,where he details the Attributes of Reality in both ways,one Beyond Attributes and the other with the Attributes  ,Nirguna and Saguna Upasna of the Vedas.

I shall write a short note on Thiru Mandhiram  and Thirumoolar in a separate article.

Now following the Tamil Grammar ,Thirumoolar begins with the Prayer,he addresses it to Lord Ganesha and follows it up with prayers to  others ,the Greatness of the  Vedas…….

Then he starts the work,each poem is called Mantra or Mandhiram in Tamil.

To get you know the depth, I am posing on a poem,which forms a part of the Prayer,called Paayiram

Here Thirumoolar describes Shiva from numbers One to Eight.

Each of the statements is pregnant with Tantra and Philosphical meaning.


Shiva as,


The One Reality,Brahman.


Sakthi and Shiva;Kinetic and Potential Energy.


Satva,Rajas and Thamo Guna,(Calm Learned;Dynamic; Docile ,Ignorant and Lazy.


Rig,Yajur,Sama and Atharva Vedas.


Five senses of Perception( Karmendriya),Eyes,Nose,Ears,Mouth and Body; the acts of these senses( Gnanendriya) Five,Seeing,Smelling,Hearing,Tasting and the Tactile sensation;Five Elements,Earth,Water,Fire,Air and Ether(Akasa); One Element Each in Karmendriya and Gnaendriya: One Underlying abstract principle behind each of the Five Elements.

Shiva ,the One who conquered the Five senses


As the Six Tastes, sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent and astringent.


Beyond the Seven Celestial worlds and the Seven Nether worlds,


Aware of His Eight Characteristics,Gunas and is in the world .

The Eight are,


1.Dhaya. Compassion.



Non Jealous.

4.Soucha, Clean in Thought,Words and Deeds.

5.Anaayaasa,Efforless,Easy Attitude.


7.Akaarppanya, The quality to help without being being stingy;the joyful and fighting attitude( Lord Krishna uses this term in the second chapter of the Bhagavad Gita,advising him not to be a ‘Krupana)

8.Aspruha. Detachment.

The Tamil text of Thiru Mandhiram

Prayers. 1

ஒன்றவன்தானே இரண்டவன் இன்னருள்
நின்றனன் மூன்றினுள் நான்குணர்ந் தான்ஐந்து
வென்றனன்ஆறு விரிந்தனன் ஏழும்பர்ச்
சென்றனன் தானிருந் தானுணர்ந் தெட்டே






Shivas Tripura Capital of Atlantis?

It is time for me to start searching for Atlantis,Lemuria and MU in detail as new evidence of emerging city in Antarctica and the finding of an Alloy belonging to Atlantis.

I have written on the Antarctica as the emerging city of Shiva.

Now the news about Atlantis Alloy.

Alloy, which according to Greek legend was mined on the ancient mythical island of Atlantis, has been discovered on a shipwreck which sank off the coast of Sicily 2,600 years ago. Some 47 ingots of ‘orichalcum’ have so far been recovered from the ancient underwater find.

Described as brass-like and made through the reaction of zinc ore, charcoal and copper, the alloy has never before been discovered in such quantity. Uncovered back in 2015, the ingots’ composition was revealed only after analysis using X-ray fluorescence, reported Seeker.

Two Corinthian helmets, believed to have been part of the ship’s defense against pirates, were also discovered at the shipwreck. “Another hypothesis is that they were meant to be an offer to the gods,” according to Sebastiano Tusa, an archaeologist involved in the find and superintendent of the Sea at Palermo.

Orichalcum became legendary through the writings of Greek philosopher Plato, who wrote that the material was mined in Atlantis, where it covered Poseidon’s temple.’


Now to Atlantis.

I have written a few articles on Atlantis,

Tripura Rotating Cities destroyed by Shiva

Atlantis White Island of White skinned

Now references to Atlantis by Plato.

In Plato’s book, Timaeus, a character named Kritias tells an account of Atlantis that has been in his family for generations. According to the character, the story was originally told to his ancestor, Solon, by a priest during Solon’s visit to Egypt.

There had been a powerful empire located to the west of the “Pillars of Hercules” (what we now call the Straight of Gibraltar) on an island in the Atlantic Ocean. The nation there had been established by Poseidon, the God of the Sea. Poseidon fathered five sets of twins on the island. The firstborn, Atlas, had the continent and the surrounding ocean named for him. Poseidon divided the land into ten sections, each to be ruled by a son, or his heirs.

The capital city of Atlantis was a marvel of architecture and engineering. The city was composed of a series of concentric walls and canals. At the very center was a hill, and on top of the hill a temple to Poseidon. Inside was a gold statue of the God of the Sea showing him driving six winged horses.

About 9000 years before the time of Plato, after the people of Atlantis became corrupt and greedy, the gods decided to destroy them. A violent earthquake shook the land, giant waves rolled over the shores, and the island sank into the sea, never to be seen again.  ( )

Now to what Indian scriptures say on this.

The Vishnu Purana, one of the oldest of the Hindu Puranas, speaks of “Atala, the White Island,” one of the seven dwipas (islands) belonging to Patala (Book II, chaps. i, ii, and iii). This ancient text locates Atala geographically on the seventh (heat, or climate) zone, which according to Francis Wilford (the translator) is 24 to 28 degrees north latitude, putting it in the same latitude as the Canary Islands just off the North African coast. Col. Wilford rightly calls Atala, “Atlantis, the White Island”. (Wilford, 1808)

At least one “authority” has attempted to identify Atala with Italy, but Italy is not an island. Also, Italy is 38 to 45 degrees north latitude. Finally, I fail to see any possibility that the “Western Ocean,” mentioned in the texts as its location, could be the Mediterranean Sea when the Karna Parva of the Mahabharata clearly describes Africa as comprising that ocean’s eastern shoreline—placing that body of water clearly to the west of Africa

Another non-Sanskrit scholar implies that Atala might be one of the well-known northern lands, such as Iceland or Greenland, and that the epithet “White Island” refers to its being covered with snow the majority of the time—even the mythological Hyperborea has been suggested. This does not appear to be the case.

Atala and Sveta Dwipa (“White Island”) are not the only names for Atlantis in Sankrit lore. Another name, Saka Dwipa, is used just as often in the Puranas; and according to the Sanskrit Dictionary (1974), Saka Dwipa means “island of fair skinned people.” It is therefore quite possible that “white” refers to the skin color of its inhabitants, rather than to the dominant color of the island—although it should not be assumed that all Atlanteans were white-skinned.

The terms “Atala” and “White Island” are used also by the Bhavishya Purana (4th cent. B.C.). Here it is stated that Samba, having built a temple dedicated to Surya (the Sun), made a journey to Saka Dwipa, located “beyond the salt water” looking for the Magas (magicians), worshippers of the Sun. He is directed in his journey by Suryahimself (i.e., journeys west following the Sun), riding upon Garuda (the flying vehicle of Krishna and Vishnu) he lands at last among the Magas.

The Mahabharata (circa. 600 B.C.) also refers to “Atala, the White Island”, which is described as an “island of great splendour.” It continues: “The men that inhabit that island have complexions as white as the rays of the Moon and they are devoted to Narayana . . . Indeed, the denizens of White Island believe and worship only one God.” (Santi Parva, Section CCCXXXVII)‘…

The Santi Parva also describes Atala as being inhabited by white men who never have to sleep or eat. (Ibid.) Interestingly enough, the Greek historian Herodotus (450 B.C.) describes a tribe of Atlanteans who “never dream and eat no living thing”. (History, Book IV) Can this be coincidence? And just as the god Poseidon is very much involved in the Atlantis story, likewise in the Sanskrit accounts we find Varuna (the Hindu Poseidon) very much involved in Atala.

In other words, Atala, the White Island is remarkably similar to Plato’s Atlantis, even down to its circular capital city, Tripura! Tripura is made in three concentric parts, just as Plato’s Metropolis is divided into three parts by concentric canals. During the war of the gods and Asuras, the wicked cities of the Asuras began to fall, one by one, amidst loud cries of woe: “Burning those Asuras, he [the hero] threw them down into the Western ocean” (Karna Parva, Section XXXIV).

Concerning the “concentric arrangment” of Tripura, a recent archeological discovery of a fortified palace in Bactria, India, known as Dashly-3, turned out to be a concentric 3-ringed structure of the “tripura type”. [Their words, not mine.] The archaeologists, excavating under the auspices of the Archaeological Departments of Pakistan and India (Mahadevan, 15), also state that the Dasyas, the builders of Dashly-3, were “Asura-worshippers”.

In the Surya Siddhanta, an ancient Sanskrit text on astronomy, the translator (W. D. Whitney, 1860) mentions an “island” (dwipa) called Jambu Dwipa, surrounded by rings of alternating land and water. I am tempted to equate Jambu Dwipa with the Atlantean capital, which Plato describes as surrounded by circular canals, “making alternate zones of sea and land” (Critias)…’

Source :my article Atlas White Island, Link provided above.

To Varuna of Hinduism ,who has an an uncanny resemblance to Atlantis Deities,especially Poseidon.

Varuna’s son, Daksasavarni, is the ninth Manu.

By the semen of Varuna, the great mystic Valmiki took birth from an anthill.

Bhrgu and Valmiki were specific sons of Varuna, whereas Agastya and Vasistha Rsis were the common sons of Varuna and Mitra, the tenth son of Aditi.

Vedic Varuna is sometimes thought to be a reflex of the same Proto-Indo-European theonym as Greek Ouranos, based on similarities between both names and the respective gods’ attributes, but no successful derivation has yet been produced that is consistent with known laws of sound change.

Sage Agastya’s wanderings in Lemuria is well known.

Sage Vasishta,had in all probability accompanied Shiva and Ganesha when they left Indian shores because of a Tsunami,the same time when Satyavrata Manu left for Ayodhya.

The above mentioned facts and Shiva presence from Saudi Arabia,Syria,Lebanon and the matching description of Tripura in Atlantis and in Indian texts compel me to postulate that  Tripura was the capital of Atlantis.

One may recall that the Sumerians called Ayodhya ,their Capital!

As to the location of Atlantis and Tripura as found in Indian texts, I shall write.




Shiva Tribes In Kabul To Kaveri

The Shiva Cult in the south oh Vindhya Mountains,Dravida Desa preceded Shiva worship in the Vedic period.

1 Shiva is hardly mentioned by name in the Vedas,although He is mentioned in Sreerudram as ”nama Sivaayaca, Sivadharaayaca’

2.Shiva is mentioned copiously in all the ancient Tamil Classics.

3.While Shiva legends of the North deal only with his marriage with Uma,Sati’s death , the subsequent Unmatha of Shiva and the scattering of Devi’s body ,which are worshiped as 108 Shakti Peetas.

3.Though Daksha’s Yagnya,his fight with Shiva is referred to in the North Indian Traditions,more details of this incident is found in the literature of South.

4.Daksha, to avoid Shiva’s wrath,hid in Antarctica.

5.Daksha Yagnya Temple is in Kerala.

Shiva Lunga.gif

Shiva Linga

6.Shiva is praised as A Hunter,Kirata,in Srirudram.

7.Kirata Shiva Temple is in Kerala.

8.Arjuna fought with Shiva in the south to obtain Pasupathastra.

9.Parashurama,an Avatar of Vishnu worshiped Shiva in South.

10.Karna studied under Parashurama in the South.

11.The earliest mountain temple of Shiva,Thiruvannamalai is in Tamil Nadu.

12.Jwalapuram,Cuddapah district,Andhra,Nataraja Temple is 72,000 years old.

13.Thiruvannamalai,Tamil Nadu is dated at 3.94 Billion years.

14.Temple where Shiva drank the Halakala poison is in Suruttupalli,border between Andhra(is it Telengana now?).

15.One Tamil king built 108 Shiva temples on the banks of River Kaveri,starting from Srirangapatna near Mysore,Karnataka to Thiruvanaikkaval,Tamil Nadu.

16.Some of these kings date back to Ramayana period,Perunchotru Udiyan Nedun Cheralaathan being one,Kochchenganaan,the other.And there are many more.

17.Shiva,as Chokkanatha,married Devi Meenakshi at Madurai.

18.Meenakshi’s father Malayathdwaja Pandya fought on the side of Pandavas during Mahabhartha Battle.

19.Shiva’s temples in all His aspects,Satyojaatham,Tatpurusham,Eesaanam,Vamadevam and Agoram are found in the south.

20.Shiva founded the Tamil language.

21.Sage Agastya,who is a link between north and south settled down in Podhigai range,Tamil Nadu.

22. Shiva,Agastya and Valmiki,who wrote Ramayana were Siddhas,Realized souls,Shiva being the First,Adi Yogi.

23.Satyavrata Manu was a king of Dravida desa.

24.Rama’s ancestor Sivi/Sibi built a temple for Vishnu as Punadarikaksha at Thiruvellarai near Sri Rangam

25. Tamil Chola kings belong to Ikshvaku dynasty.

26.The Yoga system of the Siddhas of south is based on Vaasi yoga and Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra came later and it is a tool to practice Vaasi Yoga(please read my article on Vaasi Yoga)

I have written detailed article on each of the points mentioned in this article.

You may find them under Hinduism Category or Google search term ramanan50.

So it appears that Shiva and His people/tribe were distributed throughout India.

They were also present throughout the world.

With the available evidence now,Shiva tribes seem to have been in


Near Chittore,Rajasthan,

Near Yamuna river and near

River Kaveri

I may add that the ancient landmass was different from what it is now and places mentioned in South India were a part of Lemuria,others in Ikshvaku And Uighur Kingdoms.

‘It appears likely that the Sivis originally lived in north of river Kabol in remote antiquity, from where sections of them moved southwards in later times and settled in what is called Seva around Bolan Pass, which region was known as Sivistan till recently. Pāṇini also mentions a place called Sivapura which he includes in the Udichya (northern) division of Ancient India and which is identified by some scholars with Sibipura of the Shorkot Inscriptions edited by Vogel. The southerly movement of the Sivis is also evidenced from their other settlement called Usinara near Yamuna, ruled by Sivi king called Usinara.[31] Sivis also are attested to have one settlement in Sind, another one in Madhyamika (Tambavati Nagri) near Chittore (in Rajputana) and yet another one on the Dasa Kumara-chrita on the banks of the Kaveri in southern India (Karnataka/Tamil Nadu).’

Reference and Citation.

Lord Rama Worshiped Shiva Valmiki Ramayana

I have written quite a few articles on the total identities of Gods in Hinduism.

None is higher than or lower than the other.

In fact, worship of personal Gods is not the message of the Vedas.

The Reality is a Principle.

It is called Brahman

It is beyond Attributes.

It is called Nirguna.

Yet, worship of Gods is followed in Hinduism.

Hinduism understands the limitations of the human mind.

One can not concentrate on Nothing.

The mind needs an Icon.

This Icon varies according to one’s disposition,Swabhava.

One likes Mother and he worships God as Mother.

In a lighter vein, why should Gods be Human beings?

Because we are human beings,we imagine Gods to be Super Human beins.

If a dog were to think of God,it would envision a Super Dog!

So the worship of Gods is to facilitate concentration which would help in Self Realization.

For more please read my article Is there God ,Yes and No.

I have written on Shiva Stuthi by Krishna,Krishna Stuthi by Shiva,Mantrarajapadam by Rudra on Narasimha.

Yet people persist on trying to differentiate Shiva and Vishnu.

In one of the articles, I have written that Lord Rama worshiped Shiva at Rameswaram.

I have been receiving a lot of brickbats for this article,asking me to provide proof from Valmiki Ramayana.

I do not normally respond to these type of comments from people who do not check.

Here I make an exception in producing evidence as this blog is considered authentic and used as references in Phd and is being quoted in research papers and Wiki.

I owe them this much.

Lord Rama,while returning  to Ayodhya after the war at Sri Lanka by Pushpaka Vimana describes the places he had visited to Sita.

He describes Rameswaram as the place where Shiva showered His Blessings on Him( Rama)

Here is the text and translation from Valmiki Ramayana.



Rama worships Shiva. Image

Rama worships Shiva as Shiva Linga

एतत् कुक्षौ समुद्रस्य स्कन्धावारनिवेशनम् || ६-१२३-१९
अत्र पूर्वं महादेवः प्रसादमकरोत्प्रभुः |

19. etat = this; (is the island); kukShau = located in the middle; samudrasya = of the ocean; skandhaavaara niveshanam = where my troops were stationed; atra = at this place; puurvam = formerly; prabhuH = the Lord; mahaadevaH = Shiva (the supreme deity); akarot = bestowed; prasaadam = his grace; (on me).

“See this island, located in the middle of the ocean, where my troops were stationed. At this place, the lord Shiva (the supreme deity) formerly bestowed his grace on me.”

Valmiki Ramayana,Yuddha Kanda,Sarga 123,Sloka 19.