Tag: Shiva

Gotra Of Shiva Vishnu Brahma


There was a query from one of the readers of this blog as to which Gotra the Trimurthis,Brahma,Vishnu and Shiva belong?

Thrimurthis are Brahma ,Vishnu and Rudra.

Rudra is an aspect of Shiva,and  Not Shiva in His all aspects.

Vishnu is an aspect of Narayana.

The term Vishnu is from the Sanskrit root Jishnu

‘Vishnum Jishnum Mahavishnum prabha Vishnum Maheswaram’ -Vishnu Sahasranama.

Jishnu means ‘supporting,supportive’

As Vishnu is the Protector and supports the Universe,he is called Vishnu.

Narayana is an aspect of Brahman,Reality.

And Vishnu is an aspect of Narayana.

There are two interpretations of the term Narayana.

Narayeti Narayanaha,one who shows Man(Nara) how to Live,conduct Himself.

Another is One who lives in Water(naaram),Ocean of Milk,Ksheera Sagar.

So Vishnu is an aspect of Narayana,who is an aspect of Nirguna (beyond Attributes) Nirguna Brahman,Reality beyond Attributes,a Principle.

Now to the Gotra of Brahma,Vishnu and Rudra.

Trimurthis.image
Trimurthis

Sage Kasyapa had thirty three children.

Eleven Rudras,Twelve Adityas,Eight Vasus, Two Aswini Kumaras.

These thirty three are the Primary God’s of Hinduism.

Of them were twelve Adityas,and eleven Rudra.

Therefore Rudra and Vishnu belong to Kasyapa Gotra,by lineage.

As Brahma was born of Vishnu,He belongs to Kasyapa Gotra.

As to Shiva,there is no reference of Him having been of Womb in any of His Avatars.

Therefore Gotra can not be ascribed.

The eleven Rudras.

  1. Nirriti
  2. Shambhu
  3. Aparajita
  4. Mrigavyadha
  5. Kapardi
  6. Dahana
  7. Khara
  8. Ahirabradhya
  9. Kapali
  10. Pingala
  11. Senani

Twelve Adityas.

  1. Vishnu (The head of all the Adityas
  2. Aryama
  3. Indra
  4. Tvashtha
  5. Varuna
  6. Dhata
  7. Bhaga
  8. Parjanya (Savitr?)
  9. Vivasvan
  10. Amshuman
  11. Mitra
  12. Pushya

Reference and citation.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudras

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Âdityas

First Only Description of Yogi in Rig Veda, Kesin


Yogis are Realized Souls.

Yoga, according to Patanjali, is the ‘Cessation of Modification of Chitta’

Yoga has, Chittavrutthi Nirodhithaha-Patanjali Yoga Sutra.

The control and regulations of the mind and through it, The Consciousness is the goal of Yoga.

There is another earlier system of Yoga.

This is called Vaasi Yoga where, by breath control, Consciousness is directly controlled.

This was the first system by Lord Shiva and His disciple Patanjali developed a relatively easy system Asthtanga Yoga.

Shiva was the first to practice Vaasi Yoga and He is called the Adi Yogi, the First Yogi.

If one repeats Vaasi it becomes Siva.

The system of Patanjali was practised widely.

And we have Siddhas who transcend time and apart from Shiva, the early one was Thirumoolar, a Tamil Siddha, who had written a Sastra Thirumandhiram in Tamil. Thirumoolar is dated around 3000BC.

What do the Vedas say of Yoga?

To my knowledge, there is no reference to Yoga in the Vedas, except a description of a Yogi in the Rig Veda, which is dated around 5000 years ago.

Here is the Kesin Mantra of the Rig Veda which describes a Yogi.

HYMN CXXXVI. Kesins.

1. HE with the long loose locks supports Agni, and moisture, heaven, and earth:
He is all sky to look upon: he with long hair is called this light.
2 The Munis, girdled with the wind, wear garments soiled of yellow hue.
They, following the wind’s swift course go where the Gods have gone before.
3 Transported with our Munihood we have pressed on into the winds:
You therefore, mortal men. behold our natural bodies and no more.
4 The Muni, made associate in the holy work of every God,
Looking upon all varied forms flies through the region of the air.
5 The Steed of Vāta, Vāyu’s friend, the Muni, by the Gods impelled,
In both the oceans hath his home, in eastern and in western sea.
6 Treading the path of sylvan beasts, Gandharvas, and Apsarases,
He with long locks, who knows the wish, is a sweet most delightful friend
7 Vāyu hath churned for him: for him he poundeth things most hard to bend,
When he with long loose locks hath drunk, with Rudra, water from the cup.

Translation by Rig Veda, tr. by Ralph T.H. Griffith, [1896], at sacred-texts.com

http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/rv10136.htm

केश्यग्निं केशी विषं केशी बिभर्ति रोदसी । केशी विश्वं स्वर्दृशे केशीदं ज्योतिरुच्यते ॥१॥
मुनयो वातरशनाः पिशङ्गा वसते मला । वातस्यानु ध्राजिं यन्ति यद्देवासो अविक्षत ॥२॥
उन्मदिता मौनेयेन वाताँ आ तस्थिमा वयम् । शरीरेदस्माकं यूयं मर्तासो अभि पश्यथ ॥३॥
अन्तरिक्षेण पतति विश्वा रूपावचाकशत् । मुनिर्देवस्यदेवस्य सौकृत्याय सखा हितः ॥४॥
वातस्याश्वो वायोः सखाथो देवेषितो मुनिः । उभौ समुद्रावा क्षेति यश्च पूर्व उतापरः ॥५॥
अप्सरसां गन्धर्वाणां मृगाणां चरणे चरन् । केशी केतस्य विद्वान्सखा स्वादुर्मदिन्तमः ॥६॥
वायुरस्मा उपामन्थत्पिनष्टि स्मा कुनन्नमा । केशी विषस्य पात्रेण यद्रुद्रेणापिबत्सह ॥७॥

– Rigveda 10.136, 2nd millennium BCE

The Keśin were long-haired ascetic wanderers with mystical powers described in the Keśin Hymn (RV 10, 136) of the Rigveda (an ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrithymns).The Keśin (“long-haired one”) are described as homeless, traveling with the wind, clad only in dust or yellow tatters, and being equally at home in the physical and the spiritual worlds. They are on friendly terms with the natural elements, the gods, enlightened beings, wild beasts, and all people. The Keśin Hymn also relates that the Keśin drink from the same magic cup as Rudra, which is poisonous to mortals.

The Kesin hymn of the Rigveda is the earliest evidence of yogis and their spiritual tradition, states Karel Warner. The Hindu scripture Rigveda uses words of admiration for Kesins.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keśin

Rama Name Equals Thousand Names Of God Numerical Explanation


Lord Rama image
Lord Rama

 

Ramayana is a historical fact, validated by archeology, Astronomy and, Literary references from contemporary literature from India and from around the world of ancient times.

Ramayana has over three thousand versions.

Some of them are in foreign languages of the Far East. Please read my articles on Ramayana, and Rama.

Be that as it may.

Ancient Indian texts have minimum four meanings.

1.Literal meaning.

2.An Allegory to indicate a Spiritual fact.

3.A hidden meaning indicating Tantra Sastra.

4.Explaining a scientific fact.

Apart from the words/letters of Characters indicate abstract qualities.

In some cases these names are mysticallly locked sounds.

They have the power to heal.

This is because of the Resonance the Sound creates.

I have written on the Breathing of Earth measured is identical to the Resonance of OM.(Schumann Resonance)

Please read my articles on Mantras.

Though there are many names for Individual God(Saguna Brahman), sometimes  there is more than one name for One God, some names are more powerful.
One such powerful name is Rama.

Probably because of this fact the sound of Rama in various forms is found in many cultures.

For the worship of RA.

Rama nama is declared to be so powerful that it is rated higher than Lord Rama Himself.

For more on Rama Nama please read my article on this.

The reference to Rama Nama is found at an important point in Vishnu Sahasranama, which along with Lalitha Sahasranama is rated as best among Mantra and Tantra Sastra combined.

Vishnu Sahasranama chanting is guaranteed to provide you mental peace, apart from many other things.

There are two methods of reciting Vishnu Sahasranama.

One is starting from the beginning to the end, with

Arthaa vishanna chanted twice.

The shorter version is to begin at the beginning and skip Phala Sruthi.

That is after Vanamaali Gathisaarngi…, you go to

EASWARA Uvacha, declaration by Lord Shiva

And continue to till the end as in the first method.

All the fruits that accrue are described in the phalasruthi.

But even when you skip the phalasruthi in the second method of chanting, you get all the benefits by the single sloka of EASWARA Uvacha.

What is that special sloka?

राम राम रामेति रमे रामे मनोरमे ।
सहस्रनाम तत्तुल्यं रामनाम वरानने ॥
Raama Raama Raame[a-I]ti Rame Raame Manorame |
Sahasra-Naama Tat-Tulyam Raama-Naama Vara-[A]anane ||

Meaning:
1: By meditating on “Rama Rama Rama” (the Name of Rama), my Mind gets absorbed in the Divine Consciousness of Rama, which is Transcendental,
2: The Name of Rama is as Great as the Thousand Names of God (Vishnu Sahasranama).

The sloka is special because the Speaker is Easwara(Shiva) and the one who is spoken  about is Vishnu as Rama.

Easwara means personal God.

Vishnu is One supports everything.

One interpretation of this sloka, which is popularly accepted is

‘Chanting Rama nama accounts to chanting the whole Vishnu Sahasranama (1000 names of Vishnu). :

The other explanation is that chanting Rama Nama is equivalent to chanting God’ s Name thousand Times.

Here Sahasranama is interpreted as Thousand Names, which is etymologically correct and not specific to only Vishnu Sahasranama.

The Numerical Explanation.

According to Sanskrit scriptures, there is a principle in which sounds and letters are associated with their corresponding numbers.
Ra denotes number 2 (Ya – 1, Ra – 2, La – 3, Va – 4 … )

Ma denotes number 5 (Pa – 1, Pha – 2, ba – 3, Bha – 4, Ma – 5)
So Rama – Rama – Rama becomes 2 * 5 * 2 * 5 * 2 * 5 = 1000amayana the Indian Epic is not a figment of imagination in the fertile mind of a poet.

* In the sloka each of the sounds RA and MA occurs thrice.

Hence the above calculation.
Reference and Citation.

https://www.quora.com/What-are-some-mind-blowing-facts-about-Lord-Rama

Additional information on Sanskrit Numerals1″to and Equivalent Alphabets.

‘ Sanskrit RA and number 2 marked below as #

Sanskrit Ma and 5 marked as *

I have provided this information to clarify the Numerical interpretation of RA and MA.

Sanskrit scholars and Linguistic specialists as I am a novice.

Source of the following information.

https://www.sanskrit-trikashaivism.com/en/learning-sanskrit-writing-ancient-sanskrit-characters-1/422

Letters and numbers – Variants
Numbers
Numbers
Numbers (variants included) Uno (variante) n/a n/a n/a Cinco (variante 1)or Cinco (variante 2) n/a n/a Ocho (variante) Nueve (variante 1)or Nueve (variante 2)or Nueve (variante 3) n/a
Transliteration 1 2 # 3 4 5 * 6 7 8 9 0
Consonants
Gutturals
Gutturals (variants) n/a kha (variant) n/a n/a n/a
Transliteration ka kha ga gha ṅa
Palatals
Palatals (variants) n/a n/a n/a jha (variant 1)or jha (variant 2) n/a
Transliteration ca cha ja jha ña
Dentals
Dentals (variants) n/a n/a n/a dha (variant) n/a
Transliteration ta tha da dha na
Labials म *
Labials (variants) n/a n/a n/a bha (variant) n/a
Transliteration pa pha ba bha ma
Semivowels र #
Semivowels (variants) n/a n/a la (variant 1)or la (variant 2) va
Transliteration ya ra la va

Shiva His Ornaments Description And Meaning.


And these three lines also indicate the three fundamental units/forces of the Universe.

Motion,Non motion and their being held in balance.

Purusha,the Kinetic Energy,Prakriti,the Potential energy and the Sparsa,the initial contact that evolves the Universe.

The Universe is constantly in Motion and is born of Motion.

Shiva As One to Eight Thirumandhiram Thirumoolar


Tamil version of Yoga and Shiva worship differs slightly from the Vedic Worship.

The Vaasi Yoga of Tamil is the root for Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra in the sense  that while Vaasi Yoga addresses the issue of Breath Control directly,Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra goes from the tools to achieve Breath Control.

The Siddhas are like Rishis,Realized Souls,who have revealed texts on Science and Philosophy.

Agastya,Valmiki are Siddhas,according to Tamil literature.

Though there are innumerable Siddhas,Eighteen are considered to be the foremost among them.

For more read my article on Siddhas.

Shiva is considered to be the First Siddha.

One of the great Siddhas,Thirumoolar had written a treatise called ‘Thiru Mandiram” The Auspicious Mantra,where he details the Attributes of Reality in both ways,one Beyond Attributes and the other with the Attributes  ,Nirguna and Saguna Upasna of the Vedas.

I shall write a short note on Thiru Mandhiram  and Thirumoolar in a separate article.

Now following the Tamil Grammar ,Thirumoolar begins with the Prayer,he addresses it to Lord Ganesha and follows it up with prayers to  others ,the Greatness of the  Vedas…….

Then he starts the work,each poem is called Mantra or Mandhiram in Tamil.

To get you know the depth, I am posing on a poem,which forms a part of the Prayer,called Paayiram

Here Thirumoolar describes Shiva from numbers One to Eight.

Each of the statements is pregnant with Tantra and Philosphical meaning.

 

Shiva as,

ONE,

The One Reality,Brahman.

TWO,

Sakthi and Shiva;Kinetic and Potential Energy.

THREE,

Satva,Rajas and Thamo Guna,(Calm Learned;Dynamic; Docile ,Ignorant and Lazy.

FOUR,

Rig,Yajur,Sama and Atharva Vedas.

FIVE

Five senses of Perception( Karmendriya),Eyes,Nose,Ears,Mouth and Body; the acts of these senses( Gnanendriya) Five,Seeing,Smelling,Hearing,Tasting and the Tactile sensation;Five Elements,Earth,Water,Fire,Air and Ether(Akasa); One Element Each in Karmendriya and Gnaendriya: One Underlying abstract principle behind each of the Five Elements.

Shiva ,the One who conquered the Five senses

SIX

As the Six Tastes, sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent and astringent.

SEVEN

Beyond the Seven Celestial worlds and the Seven Nether worlds,

EIGHT

Aware of His Eight Characteristics,Gunas and is in the world .

The Eight are,

 

1.Dhaya. Compassion.

2.Shama,Forbearance.

3.Anasuya,

Non Jealous.

4.Soucha, Clean in Thought,Words and Deeds.

5.Anaayaasa,Efforless,Easy Attitude.

6.Mangala,Auspiciousness,

7.Akaarppanya, The quality to help without being being stingy;the joyful and fighting attitude( Lord Krishna uses this term in the second chapter of the Bhagavad Gita,advising him not to be a ‘Krupana)

8.Aspruha. Detachment.

The Tamil text of Thiru Mandhiram

Prayers. 1

ஒன்றவன்தானே இரண்டவன் இன்னருள்
நின்றனன் மூன்றினுள் நான்குணர்ந் தான்ஐந்து
வென்றனன்ஆறு விரிந்தனன் ஏழும்பர்ச்
சென்றனன் தானிருந் தானுணர்ந் தெட்டே

 

 

 

 

 

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