Gayatri Twenty Four Devatas.


I have listed the 24 Rishis, 24 Chandas of the Gayatri Mantra , the most sacred mantra decscribed in Hinduism.

I am providing the Devatas, presiding Deitites ofThe Gayatri Mantra.

They are twenty four, one Devata for each syllable.

The list.

1) Agni,

(2) Prajâpati,

(3) Soma,

(4) Îs’âna,

(5) Savitâ,

(6) Âditya,

(7) Brihaspati,

(8) Maitrâvaruna,

(9) Bhagadeva,

(10) Aryamâ,

(11) Ganes’a,

(12) Tvastrâ,

(13) Pûsâ,

(14) Indrâgnî,

(l5) Vâyu,

(16) Vâmadeva,

(17) Maitrâ varunî

(18) Vis’vadeva,

(19) Mâtrikâ,

(20) Visnu,

(21) Vasu,

(22) Rudra Deva,

(23) Kuvera, and

(24) the twin As’vinî Kumâras.

Source. Devi Bhagavatham Book 12, Chapter 1, Slokas 8 to 27.

*The Devatâs, mentioned in the Gâyatrî Brahmâ Kalpa are different from those mentioned here.

 

 

Twenty Four Meters for Gayatri One For Each Syllable.


The Gayatri Mantra, the Mother of all Mantras explained in Hindu Texts is the ultimate mantra and is called Maha Mantra.

One can understand the significance of the Mantra by the following statement.

Gayatri Mata. Jpg

Goddess Gayatri.

‘Gayatri Chadasam Mata, Gayatri is thr Mother of all meters, Chandas

Mantras are not mere letters.

They represent vibrations and as such they are to be heard and learnt and not by writing/reading.

This applies to all Hindu scriptures right from the Vedas.

The sounds are captured in Syllables and Mantras have never been written as a poem or as Prose.

Individual Syllables are locked mystically and together they form a Mantra.

Placement of the syllable results in delivering different results.

Mantras were grasped from Ether by the Rishis, Seers and were released by them for the welfare of Mankind.

Each Mantra has a Rishi, Devata and Athi Devata.

And each mantra has to be chanted in a specific meter called Chandas.

For more details on Chandas please read my article.

The speciality of Gayatri. thpugh it is a Mantra. It is a Chandas, that is Meter!

The avahana, the welcome and seating of the Gayatri Mantra is,

Savitrya Rishi:

Nisruth Gayatri Chandah”

It is clearly stated that the Meter of Gayatri, the way it is ti be chanted is the Gayatri meter.

Meter for Meter, Chandas for Chandas!

Every letter of 24 of Gayatri has one Rishi , in all twenty four Rishis for twenry four Syllables.

Now Gayatri , a meter by itself has twenty four Meters.

It can be intoned in twenty four meters, a rarity for A Mantra as a Mantra can be recited only in on meter.

Each syllable Gayatri has one chandas, that is the essence of the specific Meter.

One can chant in this way.

The other method is to chant Gayatri in any of the 24 Chandas.

Each Recitation has a different effect .

I shall be writing on this in detail.

Inputs on this is requested from Scholars.

The twenty Four Chandas, meters of Gayatri are,

(1) Gâyatrî,

(2) Usnik,

(3) Anustup,

(4) Brihatî,

(5) Pankti,

(6) Trisnup,

(7) Jagatî,

(8) Atijagatî,

(9) S’akkarî,

(10) Ati S’akkarî,

(11) Dhriti,

(12) Ati Dhriti,

(13) Virât,

(14) Prastârapankti,

(15) Kriti,

(16) Prâkriti,

(17) Âkriti,

(18) Vikriti,

(19) Samkriti,

(20) Aksarapankti,

(21) Bhuh,

(22) Bhuvah,

(23) Svah and

(24) Jyotismatî.

( Devi Bhagavatham Book 1, Slokas 8 to 27)

I shall be writing on the 24 Reigning Deities of Gayatri.

Source.

Devi Bhagavatham.

 

Twenty Four Rishis Of Gayatri One For Each Syllable


 I have written on the Gayatri Mantra, the most sacred of the Mantras of Hindus, quite a few articles,

Gayatri Mantra.jpg

The Gayatri Mantra.

its efficacy in realizing The Reality and its effect in warding off evil and its power to sharpen the Intellect and bestowing Prosperity.

I have also written about the number of letters in the Gayatri Mantra.

Based on Intonation the Gayatri Mantra has Twenty our letters

Now, who are the Rishis of the Gayatri Mantra and the Chief Rishi who released the Gayatri Mantra?

The Rishi who revealed the Gayatri Mantra is Sage Visvamitra.

The Rishis, according the Nyasa we recite for the Gaytri are seven in number..

They are,

Atri,

Bhrigu,

Kutsa,

Vasishta,

Gautama,

Kasyapa and

Angirasa.

But the Devi  Bhagvatham states there are twenty our Rishis

The Risis, in due order, are

(1) Vâma Deva,

(2) Attri,

(3) Vas’istha

,(4) S’ukra,

(5) Kanva,

(6) Parâs’ara,

(7)  Vis’vamitra,

(8) Kapila,

(9) S’aunaka,

(10) Yâjñavalkya,

(11) Bharadvâja,

(12) Jamadagni,

(13) Gautama,

(14) Mudgala,

(15) Vedavyâsa,

(16) Lomas’a,

(17) Agastya,

(18) Kaus’ika,

(19) Vatsya,

(20) Pulastya,

(21) Mânduka,

(22)  Durvâsâ,

(23) Nârada and

(24) Kas’yapa.

( 12th Book,Chapter I, Slokas 1 to 7)

It may be noted that one Rishi seems to have been assigned to One tone(for one syllable)

And Agastya seem to find a place a well.

There is Kausika, apart from Viswamitra.

Viswamitra was known as Kausika when he was a King.

I am checking on this Kausika as I feel he is another Rishi.

Reference and citation.

 Devi Bhagavtham

Sama Veda Sandhyavandana Text English


I have posted Sandhyavadanam for Krishna Yajur Vedins.

I have posted up to Deva Tharpanam.

I shall post the remaining part shortly.

Sukla Yajur and Sama Veda Mantras are hard to come by.

I have collected the Sama Veda Sandhyavandana texts from Sri.P..Ramchander(almost in full)

Text for Sandhyvandana fo Sama Vedins.

Surya Siddhanta.jpg

Surya Siddhanta.

Part-I – Argya Pradhanam

1. Aachamanam: आचमनः
Take small quantities of water (just sufficient to soak one grain of black gram) three times in the right hand and take it with the following manthra:
Om Achyuthaya Namah, Om Ananthaya Namah, Om Govindaya Namah

Then
Touch with thumb both cheeks saying Kesava – Narayana
Touch with ring finger both eyes saying Madhava – Govinda
Touch with the first finger both sides of nose saying Vishno – Madhusoodana
Touch with little finger both ears saying Trivikrama – Vamana
Touch with the middle finger both shoulders saying Sreedhara – Hrishikesa
Touch with all fingers the belly button saying Padmanabha
Touch with all fingers the head saying Damodara.

2. Ganapathi Dhyanam:
Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together:
Shuklambaradharam Vishnum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,
Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.

3. Pranayamam:
Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the following Manthra:
Om Bhoo
Om Bhuva
Ogum Suva
Om Maha
Om Jana
Om Thapa
Ogum Sathyam
Om Tat savithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Apa
Jyothj rasa
Amrutham brahma
Bhoorbuvasuvarom
Touch the ears three times saying
Om, Om, Om

ॐ भूः । ॐ भुवः । ओग्ं सुवः । ॐ महः । ॐ जनः । ॐ तपः । ओग्ं स॒त्यम् ।
ॐ तथ्स॑वि॒तुर्वरे॓ण्यं॒ भर्गो॑ दे॒वस्य॑ धीमहि ।

धियो॒ यो नः॑ प्रचोदया॓त् ॥

ओमापो॒ ज्योती॒ रसो॒‌உमृतं॒ ब्रह्म॒ भू-र्भुव॒-स्सुव॒रोम्

The inhaling is called Puraka, the retaining Kumbhaka and the exhaling Rechaka. The proportion of time of these three viz. Puraka, Kumbhaka and Rechaka should be in the ratio 1: 3: 2.
Puraka, Kumbhaka and Rechaka together, make one Pranayama. From Om Bhuh upto Dhiyo yo nab prachodayat would be Puraka. From Omapo Jyoti-rasomritam Brahma Bhurbhuvassuvarom upto Om Bhuh, Om Bhuvah will be one Kumbhaka.The third turn from Om Bhuh upto the end will be Rechaka.

4. Sankalpam:
Keep the right palm inside the left palm and keep the palms on the right thigh and recite the following manthra:
Mamo paatha samastha duritha kshaya dwara, Sri Parameshwara preethyartham,
Pratah Sandhyapratha sandhyam upasishye
Madhyannikam – madhyaynikam karishye
Sayam Sandhya – sayam sandhyam upasishye

5. Marjanam: मार्जनः
Sri Kesavaya Namah (write OM in water with the ring finger)
Recite the following ten mantras. While reciting the first seven sprinkle water on the head, while reciting the eighth touch the feet, nine again sprinkle on the head and complete by reciting the tenth by taking a little water on your right palm and throwing it around your head in clockwise direction like pradakshinam:
(1) Aapo hishta mayo bhuva
(2) thana oorje dadha thana
(3) Mahe ranaaya chakshase
(4) Yova shiva thamo rasa
(5) Thasya bhajaya thehana
(6) usatheeriva mathara
(7) Thasma aranga mamava
(8) Yasya kshayaya jinwadha
(9) Aapo janayadha jana
(10) Om bhorbuvassuva
मार्जनः

ॐ आपो॒हिष्ठा म॑यो॒भुवः॑ । ता न॑ ऊ॒र्जे द॑धातन । म॒हेरणा॑य॒ चक्ष॑से । यो वः॑ शि॒वत॑मो॒ रसः॑ । तस्य॑ भाजयते॒ ह नः॒ । उ॒श॒तीरि॑व मा॒तरः॑ । तस्मा॒ अर॑ङ्ग माम वः । यस्य॒ क्षया॑य॒ जिन्व॑थ । आपो॑ ज॒नय॑था च नः ।

6. Praasanam:
Take in the hand small quantity of water in the palm (just sufficient to immerse one grain) recites the following manthra and drink it while telling “swaha”.
Pratah Sandhya: Ahascha maa adithyascha punathu swaha
Madhyahnikam: Aapa punanthu prithweem, prithwee pootha punathu maam
Punanthu brahmanaspathir brahma pootha punathu maam
Yad uchishta mabhojyam yadhwa ducharitham mama
Sarvam punanthu mamopa asatham cha prathigraham swaha
 Sayam Sandhya: Rathrischa ma varunascha punathu swaha.

7. Achamanam:
Use the same manthras and action as given in “1” above

8. Punar Marjanam:
Recite the following 14 mantras. While reciting the first eleven-sprinkle water on the head, while reciting the twelfth touch the feet, thirteen again sprinkle on the head and complete by reciting the fourteenth taking a little water on your right palm and throwing around your head in the clockwise direction like pradakshinam:
(1) Dadhi kravinno akarisham
(2) Jishno raswasya vajina
(3) surabhino mukha karaath
(4) Prana ayugumshi tharishath

द॒धि॒ क्रावण्णो॑ अकारिषम् । जि॒ष्णो रश्व॑स्य वा॒जि॑नः ।
सु॒रभिनो॒ मुखा॑कर॒त्प्रण॒ आयूग्ं॑षि तारिषत् ॥

(5) Aapo hishta mayo bhuva
(6) Thana oorje dadha Thana
(7) Mahe ranaaya chakshase
(8) Yova shiva thamo rasa
(9) Thasya bhajaya thehana
(10) usatheeriva mathara
(11) Thasma aranga mamava
(12) Yasya kshayaya jinwadha
(13) Aapo janayadha jana
(14) Om bhorbuvassuva

ॐ आपो॒ हिष्ठा म॑यो॒भुवः॑ । ता न॑ ऊ॒र्जे द॑धातन । म॒हेरणा॑य॒ चक्ष॑से । यो वः॑ शि॒वत॑मो॒ रसः॑ । तस्य॑ भाजयते॒ ह नः॒ । उ॒श॒तीरि॑व मा॒तरः॑ । तस्मा॒ अर॑ङ्ग माम वः । यस्य॒ क्षया॑य॒ जिन्व॑थ । आपो॑ ज॒नय॑था च नः ॥

9. Argya Pradhanam:
Join both hands together and take hand full of water taking care not to join both thumbs with other fingers. Repeat the following mantra and pour water through your hands.
Om Bhorbuvassuva. Tatsa vithur varenyam bhargo devasya deemahi. Dhiyo yona prachodayath

ॐ भूर्भुव॒स्सुवः॑ ॥ तथ्स॑वि॒तुर्वरे॓ण्यं॒ भर्गो॑ दे॒वस्य॑ धीमहि । धियो॒ यो नः॑ प्रचोदया॓त् ॥


Pratha Sandhya: Face east and repeat thrice.
Madyannikam: Face North and repeat twice.
Sayam Sandhya: Face West and repeat twice.

10. Prayaschitha Argyam:
Do Pranayama (refer S. No. 3 above)
Then offer one more Argyam in a similar fashion as above. This is a Prayaschitha (atonement) for doing the argya pradhanam late. Take small quantity of water in the right hand and rotate it above ones own head saying (this is called Athma parishechanam)

Pratha Sandhya: Om yadathya gacha vruthrahan. Udayaa abhisoorya sarvaan dathindra they vache
Madyannikam
: Om uthkedthbhi sruthamagam vrushabham naryabasim Astharameshi soorya
Sayam Sandhya
: Om na thasya maya yachana Ripureeseetha marthya yo agnaye dathacha havyadathaye

11. Ikyaanusandhanam:
With both hands touch the middle of the chest. close the eyes, meditate and chant
Asaavadhityo brahma. Brahamaivahamasmi
Then do Achamanam.

12. Deva Tharpanam:
Pratha Sandhya: Squat facing east.
Madhyannikam: Squat facing east/north.
Sayam Sandhya: Squat facing north.
Take water in the hand and pour it out through the finger-tips after each manthra.

Aadithyam tharpayami
Somam tharpayami
Angarakam tharpayami
Budham tharpayami
Brahaspathim tharpayami
Shukram tharpayami
Sanaiswaram tharpayami
Rahum tharpayami
Kethum tharpayami
Kesavam tharpayami
Narayanam tharpayami
Madhavam tharpayami
Govindam tharpayami
Vishnum tharpayami
Madhusoodhanam tharpayami
Trivikramam tharpayami
Vamanam tharpayami
Sreedharam tharpayami
Hrishikesam tharpayami
Padmanabham tharpayami
Damodharam tharpayami

Then do aachamanam.

Part-II – Japam

13. Japa Sankalpam:
Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together:
Shuklambaradharam Vishunum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,
Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.

Do Pranayamam.

Keep the right palm inside the left palm and keep the palms on the right thigh and recite the following manthra:
Mamo paatha samastha duritha kshaya dwara, Sri Parameshwara preethyartham,
Pratha Sandhya: pratha sandhya gayathri maha manthra japam karishye
Madhyannikam: madhyaynika gayathri maha manthra japam karishye
Sayam Sandhya: sayam sandhya gayathri maha manthra japam karishye

14. Pranava Japam:
Pranavasya Rishi Brahma (touch the forehead with fingers),
Devi gayathri Chanda (touch below the nose),
Paramathma devatha (touch the middle of the chest)
Bhooradhi saptha vyahrudeenam athri – brugu – kuthsa – vasishta – gowthama – kasyapa – aangeerasa rishaya (touch forhead)
Gayathree – ushnig – anushtup – brahathi – pankthi- trushtup- jagathi – chandamsi (touch below the nose)
Agni – vayu – arka – vageesa – varuna – indra – viswe deva – devatha (touch the middle of the chest.)

Do pranayama ten times.

15. Gayathri Avahanam:
(Touching head) Aayaathu Ithi anuvakasya vamadeva rishi,
(Touching below nose) Anushtup chanda,
(Touching the middle of the chest) Gayathri devatha
(Folding hands like Namaste in front of heart)
Aayathu varada devi aksharam brahma samhitham.
Gayathri chandasam mathedam brahma jushaswana.
Oojosi, sahosi,balamasi, brajosi, devaanaam dhama naamaasi. viswamasi,
viswayu sarvamasi, sarvayu abhipoorom, Gayathrim avahayami, Savithrim avahayami, saraswathim avahayami (while reciting the last three manthras, after avahayami, keep both the palms together with little fingers touching and then slowly take the fingers towards oneself, and bring it back to original position after one rotation)

16. Gayathri Nyasam:
Chant each of the mantras while –
(Touching the forehead) Savithrya rishi brahma
(Touching below the nose) nichrud gayathri chanda
(Touching the middle of the chest) savitha devatha

17. Gayathri Japam:
Repeat 108 times the Gayathri facing east in the morning & afternoon, west in the evening :

Om Bhur Vhuvah Svah
Tat Savitur Varenyam
Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi
Dhiyo Yo Nah Prachodayat

ॐ भूर्भुव॒स्सुवः॑ ॥ तथ्स॑वि॒तुर्वरे॓ण्यं॒ भर्गो॑ दे॒वस्य॑ धीमहि । धियो॒ यो नः॑ प्रचोदया॓त् ॥ 

18. Gayathri Upasthanam:
Do pranayamam and then stand up and chant
Facing the same direction:
Pratha Sandhya: Pratha sandhyam upasthanam karishye
Madhyannikam: Adithyam upasthanam karishye
Sayam Sandhya: Sayam sandhyaupasthanam karishye

Then repeat
Uthame shikare devi, bhoomyam parvatha vardhini,
Brahmanebhyo anugnanam, gacha devi yada sukham.

19. Surya Upasthanam:
Pratha Sandhya:
Yaso aham bhavami brahmananaam yaso ragnam yaso visaam
Yasa sathyasya bhavami
Bhavami yasasaam yasa
Adithya naava maroksham poornamparipadinim
Achithram bharayishnaveem satharithraam swasthye om Namah adithyaya
Udyantham dwa aadithyanu deeyasam

Madhyannikam:
Aadhithya navamaroksham poorna maparipaddhineem
Acchithram bharayishnaveem sadarithraam swasthaye
Om Namah adithyaya, Namah adhithyaya, Namah adhithyaya
Uduthyam jatha vedasam devam vahanthi kethava
Druse viswaya sooryam
Chithram devaanam udaganeekam chakshur mithrasya varunasyagne
Aa pra dyava pruthvi anthareeksha soorya athma jagadas tha dushacha
Thachkshur deva hitham purasthac chukramussarth
Om bhorbuvaswarom
Soorya iva druse bhooyasam agneeriva thejasa, vayuriva pranena, soma iva ganthena, brahaspathher iva budhya, aswina iva roopena, indragni iva balena, brahma bhaga evaham bhooyasam paap mabhaga me dwishantha.

Sayam Sandhya:
Yaso aham bhavami brahmananaam yaso ragnam yaso visaam
Yasa sathyasya bhavami
Bhavami yasasaam yasa
Adithya naava maroksham poornamparipadinim
Achithram bharayishnaveem satharithraam swasthye om Namah adithyaya, Namah adhithyaya, Namah adithyaya
Prathi thishtantham thavar adhithya anu prathi thishtassam.

20. Samashti Abhivadanam:
Starting from the direction facing which the japa was done after each manthra turn 90 degrees to the right. Say the next manthra and so on.
Sandhyayai Namah
Savithryai Namah
Gaythryai Namah
Saraswathyai Namah

सन्ध्या॑यै॒ नमः॑ । सावि॑त्र्यै॒ नमः॑ । गाय॑त्र्यै॒ नमः॑ । सर॑स्वत्यै॒ नमः॑ । 

Then chant with folded hands facing the same direction
Sarvebhyo devathabhyo namo Namah

Kamo karshed manyura karshed namo Namah.

सर्वा॑भ्यो दे॒वता॑भ्यो॒ नमः॑ । कामो‌உकार्षी॓ र्नमो॒ नमः । मन्यु रकार्षी॓ र्नमो॒ नमः ।

Then touch with both hands the ears slightly bow and chant
Abhivadaye <your Rishis> <number of Rishis> Risheya
<your Pravara or blank> pravaranvitha
<your Gothra> gothra
<your Suthra> suthra
<your Veda> adhyay
Sri sarmanama aham asmibho

After this touch your feet with both hands and do Namahskaram.

Some examples of Pravara Rishis
Gothra pravara rishaya
Athreya Athreya Archanaanasa, syavaaswa traya risheya
Naidruva kasyapa Kasyapa, Avathsara, Naidruva traya risheya
Gargeya Aangeerasa, Chainya, Gargya traya risheya, Aangeerasa, Barhaspathya, Baradwaja, Chainya-Gargya pancharisheya
Koundinya Vasishta, Maithra varuna, Koundinya traya risheya
Koushika Vaiswamithra, Aagamarshana, Koushika traya risheya
Gowthama Aangirasa-aayasya-gowthama traya risheya
Baradwaja Aangeerasa, Barhaspathya, Bharadwaja traya risheya
Haritha Aangeerasa, Ambareeksha, Younaswa trayarsheya
Sounaka Garthsamadha Ekarsheya
Chandilya Kasyapa, Aavathsara, Naidruva, Reba, Saptha risheya
Raibha, Choundilya, Chandilya

21. Dig Devatha Vandhanam:
With folded hands offer salutations to the different directions facing that direction:
Pracyai dishe Namah (East)
Dakshinayai dishe Namah (South)
Pradeechai dishe Namah (West)
Udichyai dishe Namah (North)

Then again face the direction in which you were doing japa and continue
Oordwaya Namah (above)
Adharaya Namah (below)
Anthareekshaya Namah (straight)
Bhoomyai Namah (earth)
Brahmane Namah
Vishnave Namah
Mrutuyuve Namah

22. Yama Vandanam:
Stand facing South and chant
Yamaya Namah
Yamaya dharma rajaya, mrutyuve cha anthakaya cha
Vaivaswathaya kalaya sarva bhootha kshayaya cha
Oudhumbharaya dhagnaya neelaya parameshtine
Vrukodharaya chithraya chithra gupthaya vai Namah
Chithra gupthaya vai Namah om Namah ithi

23. Harihara Vandhanam:
Stand facing West and chant
Ruthagum sathyam para brahma purusham Krishna pingalam,
Oordhwrethwam viroopaksham Viswa roopaya vai Namah
Viswa roopaya vai Namah om Namah ithi

24. Soorya Narayana Vandhanam:
Stand facing the direction in which Japa was done and chant
Namah savithre jagadeka chakshushe,
Jagat prasoothi sthithi naasa hethave,
Trayin mayaya trigunathma dharine
Virinchi Narayana sankara athmane

Dyeya sada savithru mandala Madhya varthi
Narayana sarasijasana sannivishta
Keyuravan makara kundalavaan
Kiriti haari hiranya vapur drutha sankha chakra

Sanka chakra gatha pane dwaraka nilayachythe
Govinda pundarikaksha raksha maam sarana gatham
Aakasath pathitham thoyam,
Yada gachathi sagaram,
Sarva deva Namahskara
Sri kesavam prathi gachathi,
Sri kesavam prathi gachathi om na ithi

25. Samarpanam:
Take a small quantity of water recite the following manthra and pour it on the ground
Kaye na vacha manase indriyair va
Budhyathma nava prakruthai swabhavat.
Karomi yadyat sakalam parasmai,
Narayana yethi samarpayami

कायेन वाचा मनसेन्द्रियैर्वा । बुद्ध्या‌உ‌உत्मना वा प्रकृते स्स्वभावात् ।
करोमि यद्यत्-सकलं परस्मै श्रीमन्नारायणायेति समर्पयामि ॥

Then do aachamanam

26. Raksha:
Sprinkle some water on the place where japa was [performed reciting the manthra below, then touch the ground with ring finger and place it between the eyelids:
Adhya no deva savitha praja vath saavee soubhagam
Para duswapneeya suva
Viswani deva savitha – durithani paraa suvaa
Yad bhadram thanma asuva

Citations.

http://www.celextel.org/mantrasandrituals/sandhyavandanam.html?page=1

https://omshivam.wordpress.com/trikal-sandhya/sandhya-vandan-mantra-vidhi/

http://satyaveda.wordpress.com/sandhya-vandanam/

http://www.vignanam.org/veda/nitya-sandhya-vandanam-devanagari.html

Related.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2012/10/03/sandya-vandan-sandya-vandanam-textposturesprocedure-i/

No Sandhyavandan Procedure In The Vedas ?


There was a question in Facebook as a comment on Sraddha as whether Sraddha procedures were laid down in the Vedas.

 

I replied that, to the best of my knowledge , the procedure for Sraddha is laid down in the Smritis and that I do not find a reference to it in the Veda.

 

While making this comment I made a remark that I was not sure whether Sandyavandana procedure was mentioned in the Vedas.

 

I received a feedback that Vedas and Upanishads do mention Sandhyavandana.

 

I have been able to locate the reference, which I reproduce.

 

 

“There are references in the vedas regarding Sandyavandanam. A reference occurs in “Second prasna, Second Anuvaka of Thaithria Aranyaka (Yajur Veda)”, explaining procedure of worship. The procedure of worship indicated is by offering “Arghya” (water in the palms of both hands thrown up), at the time of sunrise and sunset, meditating on Aditya (Sun).

Verses 15 & 16 of Ishvashya upanishad of Shukla Yajurveda also refers to Sun worship as above at sunrise and sunset.

Chandogya upanisad (Chapter 2 Section ix) discusses “Aditya vidya” explaining the importance of meditation of Sun or Aditya at sunrise and sunset, bringing out also the points mentioned above. Chapter 3, Section xii, of this upanishad explains meditation of aditya through gayatri. It also explains that the sun in the horizon outside and the sun element inside us are one and the same and there is no difference. The identity should be kept in mind while meditating through gayatri. This is the meaning of “Asavadityao brahma” recited during sandyavandanam.

These views are also echoed in Aditya Hridaya of the Yuddakanda of Ramayan. Agasthya explains to Sri Rama, the merits of worshipping Aditya. Aditya protects everyone, helps them in their duties, gives lustre, removes ignorance and provides happiness. He is friend of water and resides in every living thing.

Various Rishis set the procedures. Variations are there in Rig, Yajur and Sama Santhyavanthanam and Madhyaniham procedures. Various Sutras difined various procedures. Apastamba, Boudhayana, Parasara and Yajnvalkya sutras are some of them. “

 

1.Verses 15 and 16 of Isavasya Upanishad  refer only to the extent that the Sun is to be worshiped.

 

2.References in Chandogya Upanishad.

 

Section 2 Chapter 9 says thus,

 

Verse 15.

हिरण्मयेन पात्रेण सत्यस्यापिहितं मुखम् ।
तत्त्वं पूषन्नपावृणु सत्यधर्माय दृष्टये ॥१५॥

hiranmayena patrena satyasyapihitam mukham ।
tattvam pusannapavrnu satyadharmaya drstaye ॥ 15॥

 

The face of truth is covered with a
golden disc. Unveil it, O Pushan, so that I
who love the truth may see it.

16.पूषन्नेकर्षे यम सूर्य प्राजापत्य व्यूह रश्मीन् समूह तेजः ।
यत्ते रूपं कल्याणतमं तत्ते पश्यामि योऽसावसौ पुरुषः सोऽहमस्मि ॥१६॥

pusannekarse yama surya prajapatya
vyuha rasmin samuha tejah ।
yatte rupam kalyanatamam tatte pasyami
yo’savasau purusah so’hamasmi ॥ 16॥

 

16. O Pushan, the sole seer, O Controller,
O Sun, offspring of Praja-pati, spread forth
your rays and gather up your radiant light
that I may behold you of loveliest form.
Whosoever is that person that also am.
I do not think this is a Procedure for Sandhyavandana.
Chandogya Upanishad Section 2,Chapter 9, says thus,
1. One should meditate on the sevenfold Saman as yonder sun. The sun is the Saman because he is always the same (sama). He is the Saman because he makes everyone cherish the same thought: “He faces me,” “He faces me.”2. One should know that all beings depend upon him (i.e. the sun). What he is before his rising is the syllable Him. The animals depend upon it (i.e. Him). Therefore the animals say “Him” before the sunrise, for they partake of the syllable Him of the Saman (sun).3. What he (the sun) is just after he has risen, that is the Prastava. Men depend upon it. Therefore men love praise (prastuti) and eulogy, for they partake of the Prastava of that Saman.

4. What he is when the rays go forth, that is the Adi. Birds depend upon It. Therefore birds hold themselves without support in the sky and fly about, for they partake of the Adi of that Saman.

5. What he is just at midday, that is the Udgitha. The devas (gods) are dependent upon it. Therefore they are the best of the offspring of Prajapati, for they partake of the Udgitha of that Sa man.

6. What he is after midday and before afternoon, that is the Pratihara. The foetuses depend upon it. Therefore they are held in the womb after being conceived and do not fall, for they partake of the Pratihara of the Saman.

7. What he is after the afternoon and before sunset, that is the Upadrava. The animals of the forest depend upon it. Therefore they run (upadravanti) to the forest and their caves when they see a man, for partake of the Upadrava of that Saman.

8. What he is just after the sunset, that is the Nidhana.,The Manes depend upon it. Therefore they put them (i.e. the Manes) down (nidadhati), for they partake of the Nidhana of that Saman. Thus a man meditates on the sevenfold Saman as the sun.

Chandogya Section3, Chapter 3.

Meditation on the Udgitha as the Sun and the Vyana

1. Now is described the meditation on the Udgitha with reference to the gods: One should meditate on the Udgitha as the sun who gives warmth. When he (the sun) rises he sings the Udgitha for the benefit of all creatures. When he rises he destroys darkness and fear. He who knows this becomes the destroyer of darkness and fear.

2. This prana and that sun are the same. This is warm and that is warm. This they call svara (what goes out) and that, pratyasvara (what returns). Therefore one should meditate on the Udgitha as this and that.

3. One should meditate on the Udgitha as the vyana. That which one breathes out is the prana and that which one breathes in is the apana. That which is the junction of the prana and the apana is the Vyana. This vyana is speech. Therefore when one utters speech one stops the prana and the apana.

4. That which is speech is the Rik. Therefore when a man utters a Rik he neither breathes out nor breathes in. That which is the Rik is the Saman. Therefore when a man sings a Saman, he neither breathes out nor breathes in. That which is the Saman is the Udgitha. Therefore when a man sings the Udgitha he neither breathes out nor breathes in.

5. And other works also which require strength, such as the kindling of fire by rubbing, running a race and stringing a strong bow, are performed without breathing out or breathing in. Therefore one should meditate on the Udgitha as the vyana.

6. One should meditate on the letters of the word Udgitha (i.e. ut, gi and tha). Ut is the prana, for a man rises (uttishthati) by means of the prana. Gi is speech, for speeches are called girah. Tha is food, for all this subsists (sthita) on food.

7. Ut is heaven, gi the mid—region and tha the earth. Ut is the sun, gi the air and tha fire. Ut is the Sama—Veda, gi the Yajur—Veda and tha the Rig—Veda. To him who thus meditates speech yields milk and milk is speech. He who knows this and meditates on the letters of the Udgitha becomes the possessor of food and the eater of food.

8. Next follows the fulfilment of prayers. One should thus meditate on the object one wishes to obtain through meditation: he (i.e. the udgatri priest) should meditate on the Saman with which he is going chant the praise.

9. He (the udgatri priest) should meditate on the Rik in which that Saman occurs, on the rishi to whom it was revealed and on the deity whom he is going to praise.

10. He (the udgatri priest) should meditate on the metre in which he is going to chant the praise; he should meditate on the hymn by which he is going to chant the praise.

11. He (the udgatri priest) should meditate on the quarter of space facing which he is going to chant the praise.

12. Finally, he (the udgatri priest) should meditate on himself and then on the object desired and chant the praise correctly. Thus will be quickly fulfilled for him the desire, desiring which he may offer the hymn of praise, yea, desiring which he may offer the hymn of praise.

 

There are more references cited as below in some web sites on this subject.

 

Rig Veda Samhita 3.62.10

 

Here one finds a reference to Gayathri Mantra, no procedures.

 

Again The Taitriya Aranyaka says,

 

Pancha Maha Yajna

Pancha vaa ete mahayajnaassatati
Prataayante satati santishtante
Devayajnah pitr
.
yajno bhutayajno
Manushya yajno brahmayajna iti
These are the five great sacrifices which are to be performed on a daily basis and completed.
They are
deva yajna, pitr
.
u yajna, bhuta yajna, manushya yajna
and
brahma yajna  2.10.
2.11 goes on to describe the Gayatri Mantra recitation procedure.
No procedures for Sandhyavandan as a whole.
As to Agasthya instructing Rama, this too stresses the importance of Sun worship, no procedures.
One may well remember that Rama had Upanayana performed much before Yuddha Kanda and as such should have known the Sandhya vandana.
Again, No procedure.
All these do not constitute a procedure for performing Sandhyavandana.
 
 
References to worship of the Sun is mentioned, no procedures to be followed are set.
As I said of Sraddham, these procedures are set by Smriti, not by Sruthi.
 
Inputs clarifications welcome.
 
Citation.

https://in.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100302100909AAo0lDB

 

http://www.swamij.com/upanishad-chandogya.htm

 

http://www.astrojyoti.com/pdfs/DevanagariFiles/IshaUpanishatES.pdf