Answers To Doubts on Tharpana,Duty to Ancestors.

I received the the following query from a reader on Pitru Tharpana.

I have replied them in the chart below.

My information is based on Late. Sri.Anna Subrahmanya Iyer book Yajur Veda Sandhya Vandanam,available at RK Mutt book stores and at Railway stations.

One important query .

perform tharpanam facing eastward. But some say that we must face southward. Which is correct.?


The procedure is to perform Madhyannika,Brahma Yagnya and then Tharpana.

Procedure for Sandhya Vandhana as per Sandhyavandana Procedure,so is for Brahma yagnya.

As to Tharpana,it is to be perfomed facing South.

Corrections/Suggestions welcome( with source)



Your kind advice



 Before Nithya Pooja.Pitru Karyas take precedence over everything.


Sometimes, a festival and tharpanam come on the same day. IN SUCH CASES, SHOULD THIS BE PERFORMED  BEFORE NITYA POOJAI  OF AFTER THE NITYA POOJAI?    

 Tharpanam first.



 Tharpanam first.


Nithya Poojai, SHOULD NOT BE PERFORMED on the day of performing srardham for  my elders

 Can be performed after Sraddha.As  Sraddha is to begin by Noon,the Pooja can be done in the evening.


Nithya Poojai, SHOULD NOT BE PERFORMED on the day of performing Mahalaya srardham for  my elders

 Pooja can be done after Tharpana.


For performing any tharpanams, should  we add some raw rice [plain akshathai] to the sesame  or only sesame should be used?   

 Add Akshatha only on Fridays and on Festival days,if any.


During the tharpanam period, some use vibhuthi on their forehead and some do not. Which is correct

 Wearing of Vibuthi or Thirumann is by family traditions.Many use without mark. I do this way as it is our family tradtion.


I perform tharpanam facing eastward. But some say that we must face southward. Which is correct.?

Yama First To Walk Death, When did Cremation Begin

The Concept of Death as personified is quiet ancient and Sanatana Dharma was the first to practice and is still practicing it.

The Cremation of the Dead spread from Sanatana Dharma to Sumeria,and later to Greeks.

Homer mentions thus,

Never again will I return from Hades when I have received my meed of fire”. ‘

Patroklos,in Homer’s Iliad.

Patroklos, Doesn’t it resemble Pitrulok,the abode of Ancestors of Hinduism?

Now to the issue of Creation.

Early Sanatana Dharma  cremated in a House made of Clay.

A Hymn on Varuna mentions this.

The dead walked towards Paradise,it was believed in the earliest Vedic period.

It was Yama,the God of Death was the First Man to walk towards Death.

Later He guided the Dead to Swarg/Narak,Heaven/Hell based on one’s deeds.

The Dead were offered to Fire God,Agni.

He conveys what is offered in homa fire used for the ceremonies to devathas ,through the Apri Devathas to Heaven.

When the remains of the deceased have been placed on the funeral pile, and the process of cremation has commenced, Agni, the god of fire, is prayed not to scorch or consume the departed, not to tear asunder his skin or his limbs, but, after the flames have done their work, to convey to the fathers the mortal who has been presented to him as an offering. Leaving behind on earth all that is evil and imperfect, and proceeding by the paths which the fathers trod, invested with a lustre like that of the gods, it soars to the realms of eternal light in a car, or on wings, and recovers there its ancient body in a complete and glorified form; meets with the forefathers who are living in festivity with Yama; obtains from him, when recognized by him as one of his own, a delectable abode, and enters upon more perfect life, which is crowned with the fulfilment of all desires, is passed in the presence of the gods, and employed in the fulfilment of their pleasure.”

Agni is worshiped thus in these ceremonies,

Make straight the pathways that lead to the gods; be kind to us, and carry the sacrifice for us”. 

To Yama, mighty king, be gifts and homage paid.

He was the first of men that died, the first to brave
Death’s rapid rushing stream, the first to point the road
To heaven, and welcome others to that bright abode.
Sir M. Monier Williams’ translation1

Professor Macdonell gives a new rendering of a Vedic hymn  in which Yama is referred to as follows:

Him who along the mighty heights departed,
Him who searched and spied the path for many,
Son of Vivasvat, gatherer of the people,
Yama the king, with sacrifices worship.
Rigveda, x, 14. 1.

Yama judged men as Dharma-rajah, “King of righteousness”; he was Pitripati, “lord of the fathers”; Samavurti, “the impartial judge”; Kritana, “the finisher”; Antaka, “he who ends life”; Samana, “the leveller”,

The path of humans is different,it was called Pitru Yana,while that of Gods was called Deva Yana.

These two terms also refer to seasons and in some contexts refer to Geographical locations, the Pitru Yana,the South ( Lemuria?)and Deva Yana,the North(Arctic).

Reference and citations.

Iliad, xxiii, 75.

39:1 Muir, Original Sanskrit Texts, v. 302.

39:2 Rigveda, x. 51 (Arnold’s translation).

39:3 A History of Sanskrit Literature, p. 117.

40:1 From Indian Wisdom.

40:2 A History of Sanskrit Literature, p. 117.

40:3 Early Religious Poetry of Persia, Professor J. H. Moulton, p. 42.

41:1 A History of Sanskrit Literature, Professor Macdonell, p. 68.

41:2 Rigveda, x, 10.

Firs Step To Clear Mind Yoga Sutra 1.36

In Yoga Sutra 1.35,Patanjali talked about shutting down mental processes to do away with confusion,indecision and worry.

In Yoga Sutras 30 to 34,Patanjali explained about the effects of a wandering Mind.

Lord Krishna speaks of this state of confusion and indecision in the Bhagavad Gita, in Chapter 2.

When the mind is confused,with constant,relentless bombarding of Stimulii,the Mind is bewildered at the mountain of information received.

Buddhi,Intellect,which is a higher Plane than Mind,when confronted with making a Value decisions like Correct or Incorrect,Right or Wrong,also dithers.

This has to be corrected as the sensations that lead to emotions distort facts and misguide the ability of the Intellect to judge and decide.

This is what Krishna says in the sloka,Chapter 2,

‘Krodhaath Bhavathi Sam mohaha

Sammohaath Smriti vipramaha,

Smriti Dhwamsaath Buddhi Naaso,

Buddhi Naasaath Pranasyathi’

Out of Attachment arises Anger,

Anger breeds and fuels Intellect dithers,

When Intellect is destroyed,incapable of making right decisions,one is destroyed.

In Yoga Sutra 1.36,Patanjali offers a way out of this.

When we perceive,we have the objects we Perceive and our Impressions of them in the Mind.

The Objects do not change from time to time.

It is our interpretation of them atca particular point of time changes.

So what needs to be changed is our perception of Objects.

This is effected by the Mind and passed on to the Buddhi,Intellect,which thereafter can make the Right Decision.

So to shut down the external Objects,Patanjali adises one to Concentrate on a source of Light.

This is first step in Concentration,called Dhyana.

Here you are aware that you are concentrating and that there is an Object being Concentrated upon.

You are aware of both.

Next step is Dharana,when you forget that there is an Object you are concentrating upon, so immersed are you in your concentration.

The next and final step is Samadhi,where you and the object mergevand there is no Duality.

Patanjali Sutra 1.36 ,with Swami Vivekananda’s commentaru below.

36. णवशोका वा ज्योणतष्मती ॥ ३६॥

vishoka va jyotishmati

Or (by the meditation on) the Effulgent One which is

beyond all sorrow.

This is another sort of concentration. Think of the lotus of the heart, with petals downwards, and ruunning through it the

Sucumna; take in the breath, and while throwing the breat out

imagine that the lotus is turned with the petals upwards, and

inside that lotus is an effulgent light. Meditate on that.

Sri Yantra. Image.

Sri Yantra Pasupathaye Namaha Construction Site  Banks of Mississippi Iowa

Worship of Gods,Goddesses with human/Super Human Attributes,though not advocated by the Vedas,they stress on the Realisation of Reality,Brahman which is beyond Attributes,the Vedas and the later Smritis,realizing the inability of Human Mind to concentrate on a Vacuum or Attribute-less Principle recommended as a first step the Worship of Reality as One with Name and Form.

This is called Saguna Aradhana,while fixing Mind on the Attribute-less Brahman is called Nirguna Aradhana.

There are others methods recommended.

The Realization through Sound,Mantra.

Through Geometrical Shapes,Yantra.

Through esoteric practices,involving Mind and Body,Tantra.

One of the most powerful Yantras is the Sri Yantra.

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Though generally attributed to Lalitha Devi and by some texts to Lakshmi as an Attribute of Lalitha,Sri Yantra is Nirguna Upasna.

Please read my articles on Lalitha,Yantras,Devi Aksharas.

The Yantra contains the Beeja Mantras ‘Sreem,Hreem,Kleem’ among others.

One of the readers of this blog,Sri. Linn Honeycutt sent me a message thus,a couple of days ago.


      I met a man when I was in Wisconsin and he showed me a picture and said he found it. He was on a construction site on the banks of the Mississippi. I sent him a message and trying to get more details.

    Do you know what language is written on the yantra?’

The language written on this Yantra is Sanskrit.

What is intriguing is that the Yantra contains the phrase ‘ Pasupathaye Namaha’

The Epithet Pasupathi is for Lord Shiva and is not generally found in Sri Yantra.

I request scholars and Sri Vidya Upasakas to throw more light on this.

*The Yantra was found in a construction site on the banks of River Mississippi,Burlington,Iowa,US.

just confirmed it came from Burlington, Iowa where the Mississippi river runs east of the town.’

There is a debate about the Pasupathi Seal found in Mohenja Daro in Indus valley,dated 5000 years ago.

One of the points of the debate is whether the seal contains Male or Female figure.

Shall be writing on this.

Haridra Ganapati

Ganapathi Homa Procedure Mantras Text Details

Ganpathi Homa is most auspicious Homa and is performed when,

One ventures into new business,

Moves to a new house,

To succeed in Endeavour which is plagued by difficuties,

Ill health and for

Any auspicious occasion.

The ideal day is Krishna Paksha,waning Moon,Chaturthi ,the othe days ,Shukla Paksha,Waxing Moon,Chaturthi,Panchami,Sashti,Sapthami and Poornima

Ideal time between 4.30 am and 6.30 am.

This article is meant for those who would like to know what the details are in performing Ganapathi Homa.

This article is prepared by checking  with various sources and therecare differences in practice,though there is no difference in the Moola Mantra and Ahuthi.

The differences might be in the introductory ,concluding mantras and procedures.

The Homa is to performed by facing East or North.

Feeding Brahmins and the poor recommended.

There is bound to be errors in this article.

Please offer corrections with source.

But as general information and to help people follow the Homa,this article will be useful.

Materials required.

One homa kundam (a copper container with preferably a square shaped base). If a homa

kundam is not available, one can dig a square shaped pit in the ground (with 1-2 foot sides

and half to one foot deep) and arrange a few layers of bricks around the pit. It is symbolic of

the mooladhara chakra.

• A small idol of Ganesha. If you have none, use a metallic coin or any metallic object.

Actually, you can do without any idol and just invoke Mahaganapathi in fire.

• Dry coconut halves (available in Indian stores)

• Ghee from cow’s milk (clarified butter from cow’s milk). It is available in Indian stores. If

unable to find, just get some butter and melt it in low heat. After it melts, some black stuff

will separate from the melted liquid. Filter out the black deposit and use the liquid. It will

solidify after a time. Before the homam, melt it again and use it.

• A mixture of various auspicious materials, from the havan samagri (available in India

stores), if possible.

• Some sesame seeds, some mamra/murmura (puffed white rice), some nuts, some mildly

popped corn and other materials that can be offered in fire. Small fruits are also fine. All

these are optional. The absolute minimum needed is coconut pieces and ghee.

• A wooden spoon/ladle to put ghee into the fire

• Some akshatas. Those can be made by mixing raw (uncooked) white rice grains with a drop

of sesame oil (or some other oil) and a pinch of turmeric powder. Instead of turmeric powder,

one can also use vermilion (kumkum) powder used for the dot on the forehead.

• Some darbhas (dried blades of sacred grass). Check with a local temple priest to find out how

to procure them. If darbhas are unavailable, you may think of creative alternatives. For

example, find some other dry grass or dry leaves or just thin twigs and pray to your ishta

devata before the homam to make them acceptable.

• A small container to light a sesame oil/ghee deepam (lamp). A candle can also be used as an

alternative, though it is better to burn ghee and sesame oil than wax.

• A wick to place in oil to light the fire.

• A match box to light fire

• An incense stick (agarbatti) if available and a holder to stick it to (a banana can be used


• Camphor and a container or plate for lighting camphor and offering haarati

• Some flowers, if available.

• Some food that you can offer to god. Preferably onion, garlic, spices and too much of chillies

should be avoided. Fruits are also fine.

• Some honey, if available.

• Some milk, if available.

• One tumbler or cup to store water. It should preferably be made of silver or copper or clay. If

unavailable, you may use steel or glass.

One spoon (preferably silver or copper) and two small bowls (preferably silver or copper).
Preparation for Ganapathi Homa.

Instead of arranging homa kundam directly on the floor, place a wood plank or something on

the floor, wrapped with aluminum foil (or some such thing), and put 4 bricks of the same

height on it and place the homa kundam on the bricks. Thus, there is some air and a wooden

plank under the homa kundam and the floor does not get heated up.

(2) If you want easy cleaning, place some aluminum foils on the floor all around the plank

containing homa kundam. If ghee or something is spilled in that area, it is easy to clean.

(3) If you want, you can also cover the interior of homa kundam with some aluminum foils, so

that it is easy to clean.

(4) Mix a little honey and a little ghee (e.g. half spoon each) and make a paste. Keep it aside.

(5) Make a couple of different food items you can offer to god. You can just use rock sugar

candy or raisins or dates or fruits also. Try to not use eggs, meat, onion or garlic in that food.

(6) Cook a little plain white rice. I put a few grains of rice and a little water in a small container

and put it in microwave oven before my homam and cooked rice is ready at the end when I

need it.

(7) Fill water in the tumbler/cup and place the spoon in it. Put one small empty bowl next to it.

Fill the other small bowl with water.

(8) Make a seat for yourself in front of the homa kundam. Ideally you should be facing east, i.e.

homa kundam should be on the east from you. On the east of the homa kundam, place a small

plate or a wooden plank, make a pile of some rice grains on it and place the idol on it. You

can decorate based on your ability and taste.

ॐ सर्वेभ्यो गुरुभ्यो नमः ||.
ॐ सर्वेभ्यो देवेभ्यो नमः ||.
ॐ सर्वेभ्यो ब्राह्मणेभ्यो नमः ||
प्रारंभ कार्यं निर्विघ्नमस्तु | शुभं शोभनमस्तु |
इष्ट देवता कुलदेवता सुप्रसन्ना वरदा भवतु ||
अनुज्ञां देहि ||

At Shrii Ganesha Vedi
२ आचमनः Achamana,Purification of the senses and Mind.

ॐ केशवाय स्वाहा | |
ॐ नारायणाय स्वाहा | |
ॐ माधवाय स्वाहा | |
(sip one spoon of water after
each of the above three mantras)

ॐ गोविंदाय नमः ||. ॐ विष्णवे नमः ||.
ॐ मधुसूदनाय नमः ||. ॐ त्रिविक्रमाय नमः ||.
ॐ वामनाय नमः ||. ॐ श्रीधराय नमः ||.
ॐ हृषीकेशाय नमः ||. ॐ पद्मनाभाय नमः ||.
ॐ दामोदराय नमः ||. ॐ संकर्षणाय नमः ||.
ॐ वासुदेवाय नमः ||. ॐ प्रद्युम्नाय नमः ||.
ॐ अनिरुद्धाय नमः ||. ॐ पुरुषोत्तमाय नमः ||.
ॐ अधोक्षजाय नमः ||. ॐ नारसिंहाय नमः ||.
ॐ अच्युताय नमः ||. ॐ जनार्दनाय नमः ||.
ॐ उपेंद्राय नमः ||. ॐ हरये नमः ||.

श्री कृष्णाय नमः ||

प्राणायामःPranayaama,Purification of the Life Force.

ॐ प्रणवस्य परब्रह्म ऋषिः | परमात्मा देवता |
दैवी गायत्री छन्दः | प्राणायामे विनियोगः ||

ॐ भूः | ॐ भुवः | ॐ स्वः | ॐ महः |
ॐ जनः | ॐ तपः | ॐ सत्यं |
ॐ तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यं भर्गोदेवस्य धीमहि
धियो योनः प्रचोदयात् ||

३ पुनराचमन
(Repeat aachamana 2 – given above)

ॐ आपोज्योति रसोमृतं ब्रह्म भूर्भुवस्सुवरोम् ||
(Apply water to eyes and understand that you are of the
nature of Brahman)

४ संकल्पः
(Stand and hold a fruit in hand during sankalpa) Sankalpa is Right determination. For more details please read my article on Sankalpa /Sankalpa for US.
ॐ श्रीमान् महा गणाधिपतये नमः ||.

श्री गुरुभ्यो नमः ||.
श्री सरस्वत्यै नमः ||.
श्री वेदाय नमः ||.
श्री वेदपुरुषाय नमः ||.
इष्टदेवताभ्यो नमः ||.
कुलदेवताभ्यो नमः ||.
स्थान देवताभ्यो नमः ||.
ग्राम देवताभ्यो नमः ||.
वास्तु देवताभ्यो नमः ||.
शचीपुरंदराभ्यां नमः ||.
उमामहेश्वराभ्यां नमः ||.
मातापितृभ्यां नमः ||.
लक्ष्मीनारायणाभ्यां नमः ||.

सर्वेभ्यो देवेभ्यो नमो नमः ||.
सर्वेभ्यो ब्राह्मणेभ्यो नमो नमः ||.
येतद्कर्मप्रधान देवताभ्यो नमो नमः ||

||अविघ्नमस्तु ||

शुक्लांबरधरं देवं शशिवर्णं चतुर्भुजम् |
प्रसन्नवदनं ध्यायेत् सर्व विघ्नोपशांतये ||

सर्वमंगल मांगल्ये शिवे सर्वार्थ साधिके |
शरण्ये त्रयंबके देवी नारायणी नमोऽस्तुते ||

सर्वदा सर्व कार्येषु नास्ति तेषां अमंगलं |
येषां हृदिस्थो भगवान् मंगलायतनो हरिः ||

तदेव लग्नं सुदिनं तदेव ताराबलं चंद्रबलं तदेव |
विद्या बलं दैवबलं तदेव लक्ष्मीपतेः तेंघ्रिऽयुगं स्मरामि ||

लाभस्तेषां जयस्तेषां कुतस्तेषां पराजयः |
येषां इन्दीवर श्यामो हृदयस्थो जनार्दनः ||

विनायकं गुरुं भानुं ब्रह्माविष्णुमहेश्वरान् |
सरस्वतीं प्रणम्यादौ सर्व कार्यार्थ सिद्धये ||

श्रीमद् भगवतो महापुरुषस्य विष्णोराज्ञाय प्रवर्तमानस्य
अद्य ब्रह्मणोऽद्वितीय परार्धे विष्णुपदे श्री श्वेतवराह कल्पे
वैवस्वत मन्वन्तरे भारत वर्षे भरत खंडे जंबूद्वीपे
दण्डकारण्य देशे गोदावर्या दक्षिणे तीरे कृष्णवेण्यो उत्तरे
तीरे परशुराम क्षेत्रे (samyukta amerikA deshe St Lewis grAme
or Australia deshe Victoria grAme or Bahrain deshe)
शालिवाहन शके वर्तमाने व्यवहारिके विकरम नाम संवत्सरे
उत्तरायणे/दक्षिणायणे, अमुक मासे, अमुक पक्षे, अमुक तिथौ,
अमुक नक्षत्रे, अमुक वासरे सर्व ग्रहेषु यथा राशि स्थान
स्थितेषु सत्सु येवं गुणविशेषेण विशिष्टायां शुभपुण्यतिथौ
अस्माकं सकुढुम्बानां मम कार्यक वाचिक मानसिक ज्ञात अज्ञात
समस्त पापक्षयद्वारा चिन्त शुद्ध्यर्थं करिष्यमाण सकल कार्येषु
निर्विघ्नता पूर्वक सर्वाभिष्ठसिद्ध्यर्थं काम्ना विशेषेतु अमुक
काम्ना Replace with whicheverकन्याः विवाह कार्य or
वर अन्वेषणे सिद्धयर्थं orविध्याभ्यास सफलार्थे
orपरदेश गमन सिद्ध्यर्थे orमोक्ष सिद्ध्यर्थे
श्री महागणपतिं प्रीत्यर्थं श्री महागणपति होमं करिष्ये |
तदा आदौ शान्त्यर्थं पुण्याः वाचनं निर्विघ्नता सिद्ध्यर्थं
गणपथि पूजनं करिष्ये ||

इदं फलं मयादेव स्थापितं पुरतस्तव |
तेनमे सफलावाप्तिर् भवेत् जन्मनि जन्मनि ||

(keep fruits in front of the Lord)
(Keep yantra in the north of homakunDa.
Keep the ashhTha dravya in the south of the Homa kuNDa)

५ आवाहनं

मोदके विघ्नेशं आवाहयामि (put axata/tulasi in Modak)
प्रतुके उर्विं आवाहयामि (put axata/tulasi in Jaggery)
लाजेषु दिनेशं आवाहयामि (put axata/tulasi in Rice flakes)
सत्त्कुनि अग्निं आवाहयामि (put axata/tulasi in Appam)
इक्षौ सोमं आवाहयामि (Put axata/tulasi in Sugarcane)
नालिकेरे ईशानां आवाहयामि (put axata/tulasi in Coconut)
तिले हरिं आवाहयामि (Put axata/tulasi in black sesame)
कदलिफले ब्रह्मणां आवाहयामि (Put axata/tulasi in Bananas)

ध्यायामि | ध्यानं समर्पयामि ||
आवाहनं समर्पयामि | आसनं समर्पयामि ||
पाद्यं समर्पयामि | अर्घ्यं समर्पयामि ||
आचमनीयं समर्पयामि | स्नानं समर्पयामि ||
वस्त्रं समर्पयामि | यज्ञोपवीतं समर्पयामि ||
गंधं समर्पयामि | धूपं आघ्रापयामि ||
दीपं दर्शयामि | नैवेद्यं निवेदयामि ||
मन्त्रपुष्पं समर्पयामि | सकल पूजार्थे अक्षतान् समर्पयामि ||

(Mix all of these and take 8 hand fulls)

(Show mudras as you chant )

निर्वीषि करणार्थे तार्क्ष मुद्रा (to remove poison)
अमृति करणार्थे धेनु मुद्रा (to provide nectar )
पवित्री करणार्थे शंख मुद्रा (to make auspicious)
संरक्षणार्थे चक्र मुद्रा (to protect)
विपुलमाया करणार्थे मेरु मुद्रा (to remove maayaa)

Offer Gandha, Chandana etc. Sprinkle water around.
Chant OM vaM 108 times. It is the amRita bIjaM
Treat it is as amRita and offer dhUpaM and dIpaM
and naivedhyaM

६ अग्नि पीट पूजा

(In the Homa kuNDA draw shrI Keep some banyan leaf sticks
or dharbha and tiirtha. Then arrange the wooden pieces on top.
The agni should be brought by a lady (Sowbhaagyavathi). It can be brought
with camphor or ghee and the fire should not get extinguished)

बलं वर्धन नाम्नां अग्निं प्रतिष्ठापयेत्

(Now do piiTha puuja, pouring ghee for each mantra)

१. ॐ आदार शक्त्यै नमः ||
२. ॐ मूल प्रकृत्यै नमः ||
३. ॐ कूर्माय नमः ||
४. ॐ अनन्ताय नमः ||
५. ॐ पृथिव्यै नमः ||
६. ॐ इक्षु सागराय नमः ||
७. ॐ रत्न दीपाय नमः ||
८. ॐ कल्प वृक्षाय नमः ||
९. ॐ मणि मण्डपाय नमः ||
१०. ॐ रत्न सिंहासनाय नमः ||
११. ॐ श्वेत छत्राय नमः ||
१२. ॐ धर्माय नमः ||
१३. ॐ ज्ञानाय नमः ||
१४. ॐ वैराग्याय नमः ||
१५. ॐ ऐश्वर्याय नमः ||
१६. ॐ अधर्माय नमः ||
१७. ॐ अज्ञानाय नमः ||
१८. ॐ अवैराग्याय नमः ||
१९. ॐ अनैश्वर्याय नमः ||
२०. ॐ सर्व तत्व पद्माय नमः ||
२१. ॐ आनन्द कन्दाय नमः ||
२२. ॐ सांविन्नलाय नमः ||
२३. ॐ प्रकृतिमय दलेभ्यो नमः ||
२४. ॐ विकारमय केसरेभ्यो नमः ||
२५. ॐ पञ्चाशद्वर्ण कर्णिकायै नमः ||
२६. ॐ पृथिव्यात्मने परिवेशाय नमः ||
२७. अं अर्क मण्डलाय अर्थप्रद द्वादश कलात्मने नमः ||
२८. उं सोम मण्डलाय कामप्रद षोडष कलात्मने नमः ||
२९. रं वह्नि मण्डलाय धर्मप्रद दश कलात्मने नमः ||
३०. सं सत्वाय नमः ||
३१. रं रजसे नमः ||
३२. तं तमसे नमः ||
३३. मं मायायै नमः ||
३४. विं विध्यायै नमः ||
३५. आं आत्मने नमः ||
३६. अं अन्तरात्मने नमः ||
३७. पं परमात्मने नमः ||
३८. सं सर्वतत्वात्मने नमः ||
३९. ॐ तीव्रायै नमः ||
४०. ॐ ज्वालिन्यै नमः ||
४१. ॐ नन्दायै नमः ||
४२. ॐ भोगदायै नमः ||
४३. ॐ कामरूपिण्यै नमः ||
४४. ॐ उग्रायै नमः ||
४५. ॐ तेजोवत्यै नमः ||
४६. ॐ सत्यायै नमः ||
४७. ॐ विघ्न नाशिन्यै नमः ||
४८. ॐ श्रीं ह्रीं क्लीं ग्लौं गं नमो भगवते सर्व भूतात्मने
सर्व शक्तिर् कमलासनाय नमः ||

७ प्राण प्रथिष्ठा

ॐ एकदन्ताय नमः ||(pour water thrice)
गणक ऋषिः गायत्रि छन्दः श्री महागणपतिं देवता
महागणपति प्रीत्यर्थ होमे विनियोगः

||ंअहा गणपति न्यास ||

ॐ गणानां त्वा इति मंत्रस्य घृत्समद ऋषिः.
गणपतिर्देवता | जगति छंदः ||
महा गणपति न्यासे विनियोगः ||

गणानांत्वेति अंगुष्ठाभ्यां नमः ||
गणपतिं हवामहे इति तर्जनीभ्यां नमः ||
कविं कवीनां इति मध्यमाभ्यां नमः ||
उपवश्त्रम इति कनिष्ठिकाभ्यां नमः ||
आन: शृण्वन्नूतिभिः सीदसादनमिति करतलकरपृष्ठाभ्यां नमः ||

||एवं हृदयादि न्यासः ||

ॐ भूर्भुवस्सुवरोम् | इति दिग्बन्धः ||

गणानांत्वायै शिरसे स्वाहा | ||
गणपतिमिति ललाटाय नमः ||
हवामहे इति मुखाय नमः ||
कविं कवीनामिति हृदयाय नमः ||
उपमश्रवस्तमम् इति नाभ्यै नमः ||
ज्येष्ठराज्य इति कट्यै नमः ||
ब्रह्मणां इति ऊरुभ्यां नमः ||
ब्रह्मणस्पत इति जानुभ्यां नमः ||
आ नः शृण्वन् इति जठराभ्यां नमः ||
नूतिभिः इति गुल्फौभ्यां नमः ||
सीदसादनम् इति पादाभ्यां नमः ||

८ दिग्बन्धन
(Show mudras)

ॐ भूर्भुवस्सुवरोम् | इति दिग्बन्धः.(Snap fingers circle head
clockwise and clap hands)

दिशो बद्नामि||
(Shut off all directions i.e. distractions.
So that we can concentrate on the Lord.)

९ ध्यानं

ॐ ॐ (Repeat 15 times)
Close eyes and bring Lord Ganesha’s image in your mind and chant

श्री गणेशाय नमः ||
श्री गणेशाय नमः ||
श्री गणेशाय नमः ||

विनायकं हेमवर्षं पाशांकुशधरं विभुं |
दययोर् गजाननं देवं भालचंद्र समप्रभं ||

ॐ सहस्रशीर्षा पुरुषः सहस्राक्षः सहस्रपात् |
स भूमिं विश्वतो वृत्वा अत्यतिष्ठद् दशाङ्गुलम् ||

श्री विनायकाय नमः ||. ध्यानात् ध्यानं समर्पयामि ||

१० आवाहनं

स्वात्म संस्थं अजं शुद्धं अध्य गणनायक |
हरण्यां इव हव्याश्म अग्न्यावा आवाहयाम्यहं ||

ॐ ह्रिं भूर्भुवस्सुवरोम् ||

आवाहितो भव | स्थापितो भव | सन्निहितो भव |
सन्निरुद्धो भव | अवकुण्ठितो भव | सुप्रीतो भव |
सुप्रसन्नो भव | सुमुखो भव | वरदो भव |
प्रसीद प्रसीद ||
(show mudras to Lord)
Ahuthi.Pour Ghee gently into the Fire with Homa Spoon(avilable at Pooja materials shop) or fold Mango leaf vertically and pour ghee through it.

Pour ghee after ‘Swaha’

Perform this 108 times.

For Ganapathy Homa there are Veda mantras.I am providing two mantras.Any one of them will do.

The first Mantra is used more.

1.Om Hreem GumKleem  Kleem Gaa Ganapathaye varavarada Sarvajaname Vachamaanaya Swahaa.

2.Gannantgva Ganpathigum Havaamahe Kavinkaveenaam

Jyestarajam Brahmanaan Brahmanasthapatha Aana Srunvann Udhibhissidasanam Swaha.

Suggested chanting 1008 times.

Poornahuti  Mantra

Poorna Ahuthi.

ॐ इतः पूर्व प्राण बुद्धि देह धर्मार्धिकारतो जागरत् स्वप्न
सुशुप्त्य अवस्तासु मनसा वाचा कर्मणा हस्ताब्यां पद्भ्यां
उदरेन शीर्ष्णा यद्कृतं यदुक्तं यत्स्मृतं तत् सर्वं
ब्रह्मार्पणं भवतु स्वाहा | स्वाहा | ||

ब्रह्मार्पणं ब्रह्म हविर् ब्रह्माग्नौ ब्रह्मणा हुतम्

ब्रह्मैव तेन गन्तव्यं ब्रह्म कर्म समाधिना ||

ॐ लम्बोदराय नमः ||. तृप्तिरस्तु ||

Now, you have to prepare a package for poornaahuti (“complete offering”). The normal

procedure is to place a full dry coconut, some metal coins, some turmeric, some sandalwood,

some kumkum, some akshatas, samples of some of the materials used in homam as offerings and

tie the cloth. We have a special wooden ladle called “srk”. We pour a little melted ghee in the

hole in srk, place the poornahuti package on it and place the other normal wooden ladle on top of

it, then say the poornaahuti mantra and drop the poornaahuti package in fire. Then, while reading

“Rudra Chamakam”, we pour the ghee in srk into fire.

For a simple homam with a small fire, the following is suggested. Place a few akshatas, one coin,

little sandalwood powder, turmeric powder, kumkum powder, samples of materials offered

earlier, in a dry coconut half. Make everyone attending the homam touch it and then say the

moolamantra given earlier 4/8/12 times while holding the poornaahuti in hand. Then place it on

the wooden ladle, say the mantra below and then place the coconut half in fire carefully with

hand (if you drop it on a small fire, it can extinguish the fire and also materials from the coconut

can spill everywhere in the homa kundam).

When offering poornaahuti, imagine that you are completely surrendering yourself to

Mahaganapathi. Poornaahuti basically means “complete surrender”. The full (or half) coconut

used in the poornaahuti is a symbol of one’s head, i.e. ego (“I-ness”), which is to be sacrificed

(surrendered) to Mahaganapathi. Without that inner sense of surrender, an elaborate poornaahuti

ritual has no purpose.

Spread the burning dry coconut pieces that are already in the homa kundam and re-arrange them

around this new dry coconut half (poornaahuti), so that it can catch fire. Then take a little ghee

into the ladle and pour it slowly inside and along the edges of the dry coconut half while reading

the third verse from “Rudra Chamakam”. It is given below.

śaṃ ca’ me maya’śca me priyaṃ ca’ me‌உnumaśca’ me kāma’śca me saumanasaśca’ me bhadraṃ ca’ me śreya’śca me vasya’śca me yaśa’śca me bhaga’śca me dravi’ṇaṃ ca me yantā ca’ me dhartā ca’ me kṣema’śca me dhṛti’śca me viśva’ṃ ca me maha’śca me saṃvicca’ me ṅñātra’ṃ ca me sūśca’ me prasūśca’ me sīra’ṃ ca me layaśca’ ma taṃ ca’ me‌உmṛta’ṃ ca me‌உyakṣmaṃ ca me‌உnā’mayacca me vātu’śca me dīrghāyutvaṃ ca’ me‌உnamitraṃ ca me‌உbha’yaṃ ca me sugaṃ ca’ me śaya’naṃ ca me ṣā ca’ me sudina’ṃ ca me ||’

Don’t pour too much ghee if you don’t want much smoke. Just take one teaspoonful of ghee in

the wooden ladle and manage with it.


om prajä×pateÞ na tvadeÞtänyaÞnyo viçvä× jäÞtäniÞ pariÞ tä ba×bhüva| yatkä×mäste juhuÞmastanno× astu

va×yað syä×maÞ pata×yo rayéÞëäm| svähä÷| prajäpataya idaà na mama||

om bhüù svähä÷| agnaya idaà na mama||

om bhuvaùÞ svähä÷| väyava idaà na mama||

om suvaùÞ svähä÷| süryäyedaà na mama||

yada×syaÞ karmaÞëo’tyaré×ricaàÞ yadväÞnyü×namiÞhäka×ram| agniñöaÞt svi×ñöaÞkådvidvän sarvaà

svi×ñöaàÞ suhu×taà karotuÞ svähä÷| agnaye sviñöakåta idaà na mama||

om bhürbhuvaÞssuvaùÞ svähä÷| prajäpataya idaà na mama||

Now do pranaayaamam again. The procedure of pranaayaamam is explained earlier.

Now, make three offerings to the fire god, asking for forgiveness for any mistakes committed

knowingly or unknowingly, while using fire as the medium. Read the following and offer a drop

of the ghee in the fire at each “swaahaa”.

anä÷jïätaà yadäjïä×taà yaÞjïasya kriÞyateÞ mithu×| agne÷ tada×sya kaÞlpaÞyaÞ tvað hi vettha×

yaÞthäÞtatham| svähä÷| agnaya idaà na mama||

puru×ñasammito yaÞjïo yaÞjïaù puru×ñasammitaù| agne÷ tada×sya kaÞlpaÞyaÞ tvað hi vettha×

yathäÞtatham| svähä÷| agnaya idaà na mama||

yatpä×kaÞträ manasä déÞnada×kñäÞ na| yaÞjïasya× maÞnvate× martä×saù| agniÞñöaddhotä÷

kraÞtuÞvidvi×jäÞnan| yaji×ñöho deÞvän åÞtuÞço ya×jätiÞ| svähä÷| agnaya idaà na mama||

Next, three offerings are made to the fire god, wind god and sun god. Read the following and

offer a drop of the ghee in the fire at each “swaahaa”

om bhüù svähä÷| agnaya idaà na mama||

om bhuvaùÞ svähä÷| väyava idaà na mama||

om suvaùÞ svähä÷| süryäyedaà na mama||

One final offering to Prajapati is made to beg for forgiveness for various mistakes made in the

homam, with respect to pronunciation, actions, procedure, devotion, materials used etc. Read the

following and offer of drop of ghee.

asmin homakarmaëi madhye sambhävita samasta mantralopa tantralopa kriyälopa bhaktilopa

çraddhälopa niyamalopa niñöhälopa dravyalopädi samasta doña präyaçcittärthaà sarva

präyaçcittähutià hoñyämi| om bhürbhuvaÞssuvaùÞ svähä÷| prajäpataya idaà na mama||

An offering to Vishnu and an offering to Rudra must be made before the homam can conclude.

Read the following two lines and offer a drop of ghee for each line. Think of Vishnu and Shiva.

om çré viñëa×veÞ svähä÷| viñëave paramätmana idaà na mama||

om namo ruÞdräya× paçuÞpata×yeÞ svähä÷| rudräya paçupataya idaà na mama||

After making an offering to Rudra, wash the hand once. You can sprinkle a little bit water on the

right palm for that purpose.

The fire god (Agni) has carried all our offerings to various gods. So the final offering is to him.

Read the following and offer a drop of ghee in the fire.

saptaÞ te× agne saÞmidhaù× saÞptajiÞhväù sapta åña×yassaÞptaù dhäma× priÞyäëi×| saÞpta hoträ÷ saptaÞ

dhätvä× yaÞjaÞntiÞsaÞptayonéÞräpå×ëasvä ghåÞteÞnaÞ svähä÷| agnaye saptavata idaà na mama||

we will not need any more ghee. Take the ghee container and place it in the northern side

of the homa kundam. Take some water in a spoon and sprinkle it around the homa kumdam as

shown in the figure.

The Mantra.




deva× savitaùÞ präsä×véù|

This is similar to what we did at the beginning, but the mantras to say are


When sprinkling water, start from A to D to C to B  to A as in the figure.

Homa kunda. Image.

Homa kunda. From bottom left A,clockwise B,C and D.(A to D North,D to C East, C to B South,B to A West)

Now, take the darbhas placed at the beginning outside the homa kundam on the western side (or

new darbhas, if you did not place any darbhas along the boundaries due to lack of darbhas),

apply a little ghee to them and place the tips in fire. When they catch fire, remove them from the

fire, place them in a container and let the whole darbhas burn. The black ash you get is called

“rakshaa” (protection). At the end of the homam, you can apply a little rakshaa to the forehead of

the idol and then a little to your own forehead and the foreheads of others. This is believed to

protect from evil forces. You can store the rakshaa for future use on important occasions.

Now, read the moolamantra 12 times again. If you have time, you can do anga nyaasam and kara

nyaasam also again. This is just meditation, without any offerings made into fire.

Then, get a little milk in a cup or a tumbler. If you don’t have milk, use water. Keep your right

palm horizontal, with the palm facing up. Make an upward vertical circle with thumb and index

finger. Pour a little milk in the palm. Then angle the palm slightly and make the milk drop from

the palm through the tips of middle and ring fingers into the homa kundam. While doing that, say

the following:

Om Hreem GumKleem  Kleem Gaa Ganapathaye varavarada Sarvajaname Vachamaanaya Swahaa.

Repeat this 12 times. At the end, throw away the milk remaining in the cup/tumbler and

don’t use it.

Suddhanna Bali.

Now, we have to offer bali (sacrifice to other demigods – associates of Mahaganapathi). Get the

cooked white rice (or banana slices or something like that). Just place a small token amount as

bali. You need to place bali in six different places outside the homa kundam. First, place it on the

east of the homa kundam. Then on the west, then on the north, then on the south and finally two

more on the east (a little north to the previous bali(s) placed in the east). The order and positions

can be found in Figure 3. While offering balis in six places, the following sentence should be recited..

om sri mahägaëapati pärñadebhyo namaù| balià samarpayämi|

The rice remaining after offering balis should be thrown away and not consumed. If cooked rice

is not available, small banana slices can be used. Again, any banana piece left after removing

some slices bali should be thrown away


Uddvaasana,Taking Leave.

Take a couple of darbhas in your right hand and a couple more darbhas with your left hand. Take

some flowers or akshatas also if available. Hold the darbhas with the tips facing away from you

and the bases in your hands. Now touch the two sides of the homakundam with the darbhas in

the two hands. Then touch the idol with those darbhas and leave the akshatas and flowers on the

god. Imagine that the energy from the homakundam has been transferred into the idol. To

simplify this, you can also place your fists containing a few akshatas on top of the northern and

southern sides of homa kundam and then deposit the akshatas in those fists at the feet of the idol.

Say the following and show your heart with your hands. Imagine that Sri Mahaganapathi has

exited the fire and the idol and entered your heart.

asmänmürteçca agneçca çrémahägaëapatià yathästhänaà pratiñöhäpayämi

Say the following and bow to the fire god.

agneÞ naya× supathä× räÞye aÞsmän viçväni× deva vaÞyunä×ni viÞdvän| yuÞyodhya×smajju×huräÞëamenoÞ 

bhüyiñöhäà× teÞ nama× uktià vidhema| agnaye namaù||.



Say the following three verses. Think of Krishna and imagine that you are not the doer and

Krishna is the doer who is acting through you. While you do it, place a few akshatas on the tips

of the ring and middle fingers of the right hand, place the palm on the small deposit bowl and

wash it such that the water and akshatas are deposited in the deposit bowl.

mantrahénaà kriyähénaà bhaktihénaà hutäçana| yaddhutaà tu mayä deva paripürëaà

tadastu te||

präyaçcittänyaçeñäëi tapaù karmätmakäni vai| yäni teñämaçeñäëäà çré kåñëasmaraëaà

paraà|| çré kåñëa kåñëa kåñëa|

käyena väcä manasendriyairvä buddhyätmanä vä prakåteù svabhävät| karomi yadyat sakalaà

parasmai näräyaëäyeti samarpayämi||

Say the following finally. Imagine that Sri Mahaganapathi became pleased with your homam.

Surrender the doership of the homam to Krishna and pray for peace. After this, you should not

think of yourself as the doer of the homam just finished!

anena divya maìgaÿa homena bhagavän sarvätmakaù çrémahägaëapatiù préyatäm| om tatsat|

sarvam çré kåñëärpaëamastu| om çäntiù çäntiù çäntiù|.