19. etat = this; (is the island); kukShau = located in the middle; samudrasya = of the ocean; skandhaavaara niveshanam = where my troops were stationed; atra = at this place; puurvam = formerly; prabhuH = the Lord; mahaadevaH = Shiva (the supreme deity); akarot = bestowed; prasaadam = his grace; (on me).
“See this island, located in the middle of the ocean, where my troops were stationed. At this place, the lord Shiva (the supreme deity) formerly bestowed his grace on me.”
I have to refer, in my attempt to unravel Indian History, to a lot of materiel from Archaeology,Astronomy, Etymology,History,Linguistics, local, foreign Legends,Religious texts,Ancient maps and the temples around the world.
Anjaneya, Hanuman is considered to be an Avatar of Shiva and some Purans mention Him as the Son of Lord Shiva.
Though Hanuman was an ardent Devotee of Lord Rama, He was a devotee of Shiva as well.
But there is an incident narrated in the Valmiki Ramayana, where Hanuman uprooted the Shiva Linga!
Lord Rama, after the killing of Ravana, was advised to perform Prayaschitta, Atonement, for killing Ravana a Vedic scholar and a devotee of Shiva in Rameswaram, within two days from the date of killing Ravana.
Rama accordingly reached Rameswaram,while Hanuman and Jatayu were sent to search for A Shiva Linga
As they were delayed, Sita, asked by Rama , to. form a Shiva Linga out of sand , as the suspicious Muhurtha was about to end..
Sita did and at the same time Hanuman with the Linga was sighted.
Hanuman was upset that the Linga was not used by Sita .
Rama asked him to remove the Linga by the Sita so that Hanuman’s Linga could be installed,
Hanuman tried to uproot it, but finding the job tough, coiled His Tail around the Linga and uprooted it.
This fell few miles off Rameswaram and it is called Hanuman Pallam, Hanuman Pit.
In the process Hanuman’s tail was cut off.
Hanuman realized his folly and Rama advised him to perform Pooja for Shiva at Thirukkurankaval .
Hanuman did so..
Lord Hanuman realized his folly. It was pre-ordained that the lingam prepared by Lord Sita was to be used for the rituals and sought forgiveness from Lord Rama and Sita to regrow his tail.
Lord Rama suggested to Lord Hanuman that he seek forgiveness from Lord Shiva instead and suggested that Lord Hanuman visit Thirukurungaval and worship Lord Shiva there to get back his tail. Hence the place has acquired its name, Tirukurunkaval (Place where Lord Shiva was worshipped by a monkey-faced God) The testimony to this story is that it is one of the few Lord Shiva temples in the world, with a shrine to Lord Hanuman facing Lord Shiva.
It is also a metaphorical message that Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu (of which Lord Rama was an incarnation) are the same.
Thirukkurankukka/ Thirukkurankaval is one of the 275 Thevara Shivasthalam of Lord Shiva in Myladuthurai, Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu. This is one of the 5 prominent temples of Lord Shiva ending its name with ‘Ka’ and they are: Thiruvanaikka, Thirukkodikka, Thirunellikka, Thirkolakka and Thirukkurankukka.
Presiding deity – Lord Thirukunthalanathar/Kunthaleswarar /Kundalakarneswarar with his consort Goddess Sri Kunthalambikai
Mangalasasanam – Thirunavukkarasar
Theertham – Hanumath Theertham
Sthalavruksham – Mango tree
Worshipped by – Lord Anjaneya
Sannidhis – Lord Ganesha, Lord Nandikeshwara, Lord Subramanya with his consorts Goddesses Sri Valli & Deivayanai, Lord Surya, Lord Bhairava, Idols of Anjaneya, Anjaneya, Goshtamurtham – Lord Dakshinamurthi, Goddess Sri Durga,
What Air can not purify Water can, what Water and Air can not, Fire shall.
It is the Ultimate purifier.
The warmth in mother’s womb sustains the child and the same Fire destroys the Human body.
Fire is both the Sutainer and Destroyer.
So is Lord Shiva.
He is the cause of All and the withdrawer of the Universe.
The Distinction between Shiva and Rudra is to be understood.
The meaning of the word Shiva is ‘Auspiciousness’
He is the Chief among the Trinity.
His Amsa,one of His manifestaions, is Rudra.
He is one of the Ganas of Shiva.
He destroys the Universe only to be hidden by Shiva to enable them to manifest them later.
While Shiva has three attributes or functions, Srushti(Creation,) Sthithi( Sustanance),Samhaara(Dissolution), Thirodhaana(Hiding) and Anugraham( Blessings)
Rudra represents one aspect of Shiva, Destruction and this is eveident from the first sentence from the Sri Rudram.
Om Namao Bhagavathe Rudraaya,
My prostrations to Rudra,
My prostraions to His anger”
Implied is the fact that anger leads to desruction.
Now to Shiva.
Being the Ultimate Reality Shiva is with out Attributes.
However attribute is rewuired for Human Beings to connect and worship as concentraing ona vacuum is impossible .
So Fire has been associated with Shiva, both for its sustaning qualities and for destrution.
Twelve Jyotir Lingas , Puranas.
Brahma (the God of creation) and Vishnu (the God of Preservation) had an argument over supremacy of creation. To test them, Shiva pierced the three worlds as a huge endless pillar of light, the jyotirlinga. Vishnu and Brahma split their ways to downwards and upwards respectively to find the end of the light in either directions. Brahma lied that he found out the end, while Vishnu conceded his defeat. Shiva appeared as a second pillar of light and cursed Brahma that he would have no place in ceremonies while Vishnu would be worshipped till the end of eternity. The jyotirlinga is the supreme partless reality, out of which Shiva partly appears. The jyothirlinga shrines thus are places where Shiva appeared as a fiery column of light. Originally there were believed to be 64 jyothirlingas while 12 of them are considered to be very auspicious and holy. Each of the twelve jyothirlinga sites take the name of the presiding deity, each considered a different manifestation of Shiva. At all these sites, the primary image is lingam representing the beginningless and endless Stambha pillar, symbolizing the infinite nature of Shiva. The twelve jyothirlinga are Somnath in Gujarat, Mallikarjuna atSrisailam in Andra Pradesh, Mahakaleswar at Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh, Omkareshwar in Madhya Pradesh, Kedarnath inHimalayas, Bhimashankar in Maharashtra, Viswanath at Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, Triambakeshwar in Maharashtra, Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga at Deogarh in Jharkhand , Aundha Nagnath at Aundha Nagnath in Maharashtra, Rameshwar at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu and Grishneshwar at Ellora near Aurangabad, Maharashtra. Kedarnath and Pashupatinath (Nepal) are considered half jyotirlingas counted together as one. -Shiva Purana
Saurashtra Somnatham Cha Shrishaile Mallikarjunam ||
Ujjainyam Mahakalomkare Mammaleshwaram ||
Parlyam Vaijnatham Cha Dakinyam Bheem Shankaram ||
Setu Bandhe Tu Ramesham Nagesham Daruka Vane ||
Varanasya Tu Vishwesham Tribakam Gautamitate ||
Himalaye Tu Kedaram Ghurmesham Cha Shivalaye ||
Aetani Jyotirlingani Sayam Prataha Pathennaraha ||
Sapta Janma Kritam Papam Smaranen Vinashyati ||
One who recites these 12 names regularly in the morning and evening he washes all the sins committed in the previous 7 births and attains all the powers and Siddhis.