Vishnu Rama Married Mother Bhu Devi and Daughter Sita?


I have been receiving some  intelligent and incisive questions on the Ramayana.

What is the Age of Rama when he married Sita, was he 12 or 24?

How many days did the Ramayana war take , 7 or 13?

Did Rama marry Mother and Daughter?

These questions have been asked to get clarity , not with the intention of maligning Hinduism.

Bhu Devi.Image.jpg
Bhudevi.”Bhudevi”. Licensed under CC SA 1.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bhudevi.jpg#/media/File:Bhudevi.jpg

I shall answer the question relating to Rama marrying Mother and Daughter and shall write on the other points with some more in an article as the answer for each of the may be of one or two lines.

Lord Vishnu has only one consort, wife, Mahalakshmi.

All the others are  only Avatars or an amsa of Lakshmi.

Bhu Devi was an avatar of Lakshmi during the period of Varaha Avatar in another Yuga,Aeon.

Bhūmi (Sanskrit: भूमि), also Bhūmī-Devī (Sanskrit: भूमी देवी), Bhuma-Devi or Bhū-Devī, is the personification of Mother Earth. She is the consort of Varaha, an avatar of Vishnu and regarded as the mother of the goddess Sita. According to the uttara-kanda, when Sita finally leaves her husband Rama, she returns to Bhumidevi. She is the mother of the demon Narakasura .[1] Bhumi Devi is also believed to be one of the two forms of Lakshmi. The other is Sridevi, who remains with Narayana.

Sri is Lakshmi and the others ae only manifestations of Lakshmi.

In abstract Philosophical terms, Sri,Prosperity is

Varchasva,  वर्चस्व,

  1. sway (n)
  2. influence (n)
  3. dominance (n)
  4. ascendancy
  5. domination
  6. mastery

Ayushyam,Longevity

Arogya,Health

Dhanya,Cereals, Food,

Dhana,Wealth

Pasu,Cattle

Puthra,Children

Sri Varchaswa Ayushyam Arogyam Mavvthach Choobhaaaana aheeyanthe Dhaanya Dhanam Pasu Bahu Puthra Laabham Sadha Samvathsaram Dhhergamaayuhu

Aaseervatha Mantra

In the case of Sita no where, to my knowledge, Valmiki states Sita was born of  Bhu Devi excepting indicating she s considered to be so as she was found in a Field.

Sita was the daughter of Ravana, though this is mentioned in The version we follow.

There are many versions of Ramayana  by Valmiki.

Please read my post on this.

In the Avatar of Varaha Vishnu married Bhu Devi who was an incarnation of Lakshmi while he married Sita born in a  Field.

I am not sure whether Valmiki states Sita is Lakshi’s incarnation.

But the Sita Pravara says,

Yajur Veda Saakhaadhyaayineem, Aangeerasa aayaasya gouthama trayarsheya, pravaraanvita goutama gotrOTbhavaam, Chaturdasa

Bhuvanaadeeswareem, akhilaaNDa kODi brahmaaNDa naayikaam, tattva swaroopiNeem, Chandra vamsa pradheepikaam, saraNaagata vatsalaam,

vEdigarbhOditaam, padma alankruta kara kamalaam, kalahamsa kamineem, indeevara lOchanaam, divya srag vastra bhooshaNaam, hari chandana

lipta bhujaantaraam, vidhyut prabhaam, visaalaaksheem, srida kunjita moordhajaam, hamsaamkita kshoumENa kinchit peetEna samvrutaam,

vaasitEnottareeyENa suraktEna susamvrutaam, jagan maataram, nimi vamsOdbhavaam, SwarNarOma mahaaraaja varmaNa: napthreem, hrasvarOma

mahaaraaja varmaNa: poutreem, Janaka mahaaraaja varmaNa: putreem, sree Seetaa naamneem saakshaath lakshmee swaroopiNeem imaam

kanyaam
Meaning:
This bride named Sri Sita is offered in holy wedlock to you:
She belongs to Yajur Veda, She belongs to Pravara consisting of the three Rishis viz., Aangirasa, Aayaasya and Goutama, She belongs to Goutama Gotra,

She is the Queen of the 14 worlds, She is the head of the entire BrhmaaNDam consisting of innumerable aNDaas, She is the one who permeates all the ChEtana and AchEtana Tattvas,

She is the one who illuminates the lineage of the moon (Chandra Vamsam), She shows extraordinary compassion to all those who surrender unto her,

She is the one who is born from the Sacrificial pit (Yaaga VEDi), She holds in her hand the lotus flower, She has the gait of a swan, She has bewitching eyes like the flower of the blue-black water lily (Neithal) flower,

She wears divine garlands, dresses and ornaments, She has her chest smeared with fragrant perfume of sandal paste, She has her locks of hair in an attractively wavy fashion,

She wears a whitish yellow colored silk saree with borders designed in the form of swans, She wears a scented upper cloth that shines in a natural red hue,

She is Mother Goddess herself,

She appeared in the Vamsam of Nimi Mahaaraaja, She is the great grand-daughter of SwarNarOma Mahaaraaja, She is the grand-daughter of HrasvarOma

Mahaaraaja, She is the daughter of Janaka Mahaaraaja, She is the very incarnation of Mahaalakshmi.

Here the last sentence seems to be a Poetic Licence.

Readers may contribute with authority.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/06/12/pravara-lineage-of-rama-sita-recited-sita-

rama-kalyana/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bh%C5%ABmi

Garuda Vishnu’s Mount Increases Weight Every Stage Nachiyar Koil


There are quite a few strange things/events associated with Hindu Temples in India.

There are Temples where Snake comes and offers pooja to Shiva, Sun bathes Idols on a specific day,temple emerges from the sea at a fixed Time,where Crows do not fly over the temple Tower..the list goes on.

Scroll down for Video.

Kal Gaudan in Procession,Nachiyar Koil.Image.jpg
Kal Gaudan in Procession,Nachiyar Koil, Tamil Nadu Image credit The Hindu http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/history-and-culture/unique-drama-unfolds-during-procession/article4244915.ece

Now add one more to this list.

During street procession (Margazhi and Panguni),  English Month December,an unbelievable event takes place at the Nachiyar Koil. While only 4 people carry Lord Garuda out of his Sannidhi, as the Lord goes out of each Layer and prakaram, he is said to increase in weight, that 8 people, 16 and then 32 people are required to carry Lord Garuda out of the temple. Finally, when the Lord is taken outside the temple, Garuda increases in weight so much that 128 people are required to carry the Lord. On his way back, it is said that Garuda mount decreases in weight and finally when he is back in the Sannidhi, only 4 people are required to carry him.

 

This happens every year.

Nachiar Kovil or Thirunarayur Nambi Temple in Thirunarayur, a village in the outskirts of Kumbakonam in the South Indian state ofTamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu and his wife Lakshmi. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th to 9th centuries AD. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Srinivasa Perumal and his consort Lakshmi as Nachiyar. The temple is the place where god Vishnu is believed to have initiated Pancha Samskara (religious initiation) to Thirumangai Azhwar. The temple follows Thenkalai mode of worship.

The temple is believed to have been built by Kochengat Cholan of the late 3rd century AD, with later contributions from Medieval Cholas and Vijayanagar kings.

This is the 71st Temple built by Kochengat Cholan, the first Temple for Vishnu, the other 70 Temples having been built for Lord Shiva.

Legend.

The sage Medhavi was doing penance at this place. While taking a bath in the river, he found an image ofChakrathazhwar entwined with Yoga Narasimha. A divine voice asked him to install the image in his hermitage and worship it. The goddess Lakshmi, the consort of Vishnu chose to grow in the hermitage and appeared to the sage in the form of a small girl and requested him to take care of her. Vishnu traveled in search of Lakshmi on his vehicle Garuda, the eagle. Garuda found the presence of Lakshmi in the hermitage. Vishnu appeared to Medhavi, pleased by the latter’s devotion and asked his daughter to be married to him. The sage happily married Lakshmi to Vishnu and requested him to stay in his place, which Vishnu accepted.There is another local legend that king Kochengat Cholan was once defeated and he was advocated to seek the blessings of Vishnu, which he obliged.

Prominence to Goddess.

Nachiyar Koil is one of the few Divyadesams where the goddess has prominence over Vishnu. Some of the other temples where the such female dominance are observed areAndal Temple at Srivilliputhur, Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple at Woraiyur and Pundarikakshan Perumal Temple in Thiruvellarai. While Srivilliputhur is called Nachiyar Thiru Maaligai, Thirunaraiyur is called Nachiyar Koil.[2]

Vishnu was of the view that during Kali Yuga, men would have to listen to women. Hence he decided that he would first set an example and listen to goddess here. During all festive occasions, the first rights are reserved for Nachiyar, who moves ahead, while Srinivasa follows her. Even the food is first served to Nachiyar and then to Srinivasa. Being a temple where goddess has prominence, Vishnu is located slightly by the side and goddess has the prominent position inside the sanctum.

How to Reach Nachiyar Koil and Temple Timings

Nearest Airport. Tiruchi,Tamil Nadu.

Railway Station.Kumbakonam.

Bus Station,.Kumbakonam. Nachiyar Koil is called Thirunaraiyur.

It is eight Km from Kumbakonam.Buseses are available.

Deity            : Thiru Naraiyur Nambi, Srinivasa Perumal Standing Posture facing East
Goddess       : VanjulaValli
Azhvaar       : Thirumangai Azhvaar-110 verses
Temple time : 630am –12.30pm and 430pm-830pm
 Contact      : Gopinathan Bhattar@ 94435 97388 / 0435 2467167( Check the Mobile number)
Bus : Buses every 15minutes from Kumbakonam (Tiruvarur bound). Auto from Kumbakonam Railway Station will cost Rs. 200/-
Citation.

Sita Performed Sraddha Cursed River


The majority held belief is that women should not perform Sandhyavandana and death Rites.

I differ from this view.

Phalgu River, cursed by Sita.Image.jpg
Phalgu River.

Great Rishis have been women, like Maiteyi,Gargi,Kathyayani.

These Rishis have composed Veda Sutras, Sukthas.

Vedic wisdom is encapsulated in myriad hymns and 27 women-seers emerge from them.

 

Ghosha, who has a definite human form. Granddaughter of Dirghatamas and daughter of Kakshivat, both composers of hymns in praise of Ashwins, Ghosha has two entire hymns of the tenth book, each containing 14 verses, assigned to her name. The first eulogizes the Ashwins, the heavenly twins who are also physicians; the second is a personal wish expressing her intimate feelings and desires for married life. Ghosha suffered from an incurable disfiguring disease, probably leprosy, and remained a spinster at her father’s house. Her implorations with the Ashwins, and the devotion of her forefathers towards them made them cure her disease and allow her to experience wedded bliss.

The Rig Veda contains about one thousand hymns, of which about 10 are accredited to Maitreyi, the woman seer and philosopher.

Gargi, the Vedic prophetess and daughter of sage Vachaknu, composed several hymns that questioned the origin of all existence. When King Janak of Videha organized a ‘brahmayajna’, a philosophic congress centered around the fire sacrament, Gargi was one of the eminent participants. She challenged the sage Yajnavalkya with a volley of perturbing questions on the soul or ‘atman’ that confounded the learned man who had till then silenced many an eminent scholar. Her question – “The layer that is above the sky and below the earth, which is described as being situated between the earth and the sky and which is indicated as the symbol of the past, present and future, where is that situated?” – bamboozled even the great Vedic men of letters.

One is expected to have Upaveedha to learn the Vedas.

These women composed Veda Sukthas.

They could not have learnt the Vedas without Upaveedha.

Hence they had to perform Sandhyavanda and other Karmic duties.

I have a detailed article on this.

Now there is Reference in the Ramayana and Garuda Purana that Sita offered Pinda to Dasaratha, her father in law at Gaya.

There is reference to the city of Gaya and the Phalgu in the Ramayana in which it says that Sita had cursed the Phalgu River. There is an interesting story and the mythology states that on account of this curse, the Phalgu lost its water, and the river is simply a vast stretch of sand dunes.According to tradition, in the absence of Rama, his wife Sita offered pinda on its banks to Dasharatha father of Rama.

The story goes that Rama, along with his brothers and Sita, came to Gaya to perform the sacred rites for his father, Dasaratha. When the brothers were bathing in the river, Sita was sitting on the banks, playing with the sand. Suddenly, Dasaratha appeared out of the sand, and asked for the Pindam, saying he was hungry. Sita asked him to wait till his sons returned, so that she could give him the traditional Pindam of rice and til. He refused to wait, asking her to give him pindams made of the sand in her hand.

Having no other option, she gave him the Pindam he desired with five witnesses – the Akshaya Vatam, the Falguni River, a cow, a Tulsi plant and a Brahmin. Soon, Rama returned and started the rituals. In those days apparently, the ancestors would arrive in person to collect their share, and when Dasaratha did not appear, they wondered why. Sita then told them what had happened, but Rama could not believe that his father would accept pindams made of sand. Sita now mentioned her witnesses, and asked them to tell Rama the truth.

Among the five, only the Akshaya Vatam took her side and told the truth, while the others lied, trying to take Rama’s side. In her anger, Sita cursed all of them thus: the Falguni river henceforth would have no water at Gaya; the Cow would no longer be worshipped from the front as all others are- only its backside would be worshipped; there would be no more Tulsi plants at Gaya and the Gaya Brahmins would never be satisfied, they would always be hungry and crave more and more. She then blessed the Akshaya Vatam saying that all who came to Gaya would perform the Pinda pradaanam at the Akshaya Vatam too.

Sri Sita is said to have performed Sandhyavandanam including Dhyaanam and Japam (Vide page 97 of Notes on AyOdhya KhaaNDam of Srimad Vaalmiki Ramayanam by Sri C.R.Srinivasa Iyengar)

View of Kanchi Acharya.

I said that the twice-born must perform sandhyavandana with the well-being of women and other jatis in mind. I also explained why all samskaras are not prescribed for the fourth varna. Now we must consider the question of women, why they do not have such rituals and samskaras.

Even though we perform the punyaha-vacana and namakarana of newborn girls and celebrate their first birthday, we do not conduct their caula and upanayana nor the other samskaras or vows laid down for brahmacarins. Of course, they have the marriage samskara. But in other rites like sacrifices the main part is that of the husband, though she (the wife) has to be by his side. In aupasana alone does a woman have a part in making oblations in the sacred fire.

  1. Why is it so?
  2. The rites performed before a child is born are intended for the birth of a male child (niseka, pumsavana, simanta). Does it mean, as present-day reformers and women’s libbers say, that Hindu women were downgraded and kept in darkness?
  3. What reason did I mention for the fourth varna not having to perform many of the samskaras?

That these were not necessary considering their vocations and the fact that they can work for the welfare of the world without the physical and mental benefits to be derived from the samskaras. If they also spend their time in Vedic learning and in sacrifices, what will happen to their duties? So most of the samskaras are not necessary for them. They reach the desire goal without these rites by carrying out their duties.

“Svakarmana tam abhyarcya siddhim vindati manavah“, so says the Gita. I have spoken to you about this earlier.

Just as society is divided according to occupations and the samskaras are correspondingly different, so too there are differences between men and women in domestic life. Running a household means different types of work, cooking, keeping the house clean, bringing up the children, etc. By nature women can do these chores better than men. If they also take an active part in rituals, what will happen to such work? Each by serving her husband and by looking after her household becomes inwardly pure.

In truth three is no disparity between men and women, nor are women discriminated

against as present-day reformers allege.

Work is divided for the proper maintenance not only of the home but the nation on the whole; and care has been taken not to have any duplication.

There is no intention of lowering the status of any section in this division of labour.

The body, in the case of certain people, is meant to preserve the mantras and there are samskaras which have the purpose of making it worthy of the same.

Why should the same rituals be prescribed for those who do not have such tasks to carry out?

Glassware to be sent by railway parcel is specially taken care of since it is fragile. Even greater care is taken in dispatching kerosene or petrol. If the same precautions are not taken in transporting other goods, does it mean that they are poorly thought of?

Citation.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phalgu

http://www.kamakoti.org/hindudharma/part18/chap2.htm

https://thapas.wordpress.com/2012/03/10/women-performing-veda-samskaaras-by-kanchi-mahaswami/

 

Obama Carries Hanuman In Pocket


Indians, as a hangover of British legacy and English, tend to give credence to things endorsed by the fair-skinned, be it their own Scriptures, The Vedas or about their Temples.

They need a Max Mueller to remind them about the greatness of the Vedas, though he was Missionary bent on disinformation about Hinduism.

I am providing the following information in the hope that some Westophiles( If some can write as Anglophiles, I can write Westophile) and Sely syled Rationalists like Karunanidhi and Veeramani,would think twice before ridiculing Hanuman .

 

President Barack Obama carries a small statue of Lord Hanuman as his lucky charm, since his days as a candidate for the US Presidency.

Obama Carries Hanuman as his Lucky charm.image.jpg
US President Obama Carries Hanuman as his Lucky charm.

A recent photo posted on Time’s White House Photo of the Day collection shows the first ever Black-American nominee of a major US party for the Presidential elections carries with him a bracelet belonging to an American soldier deployed in Iraq, a gambler’s lucky chit, a tiny monkey god and tiny Madonna and child.

That “tiny monkey god,” of course, appears to be a statue of the Hindu monkey god, Hanuman, says the posting but editors and the photographer has not identified it as such.’

Hanuman Idol for Obama.

Indians Present Hanuman Idol to President Obama.Image.jpg
Indians Present Hanuman Idol to President Obama.

A group of Indians are planning to present a statue of the revered Indian monkey God, Hanuman, to Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama.

The group decided to order the idol after they read a magazine report saying that Mr Obama carried a good luck ‘monkey king’ charm.

They say that a Barack Obama victory would be good for India.

Hindus revere monkeys which they believe are descendents of the monkey God Hanuman.

The two-foot tall, 15kg gold-polished, brass idol has been made as a present for Mr Obama because “he will be good for India if he becomes the next president,” according to Brij Mohan Bhama, leader of the group.

Mr Bhama belongs to the ruling Congress party and runs a textile mill in the western city of Mumbai.

* I understand that this has been delivered to Obama.

Citation.

 

http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2008-06-10/news/27716291_1_monkey-god-hanuman-lucky-chit

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7468662.stm

Image Credit.

http://beforeitsnews.com/alternative/2014/06/obama-and-his-use-of-magic-video-cult-sweeps-world-today-so-free-yourself-2970996.html

No Cremation Ground Devotees Not Allowed Taliparamba Shiva


Three is a Temple in Srivanchiyam where the Naivedya for Shiva is done after a corpse has been burnt in the Cremation ground in front of  the temple.

Please read my post  on this ‘Where Corpses Burn’.

Taliparamba Temple.jpg
Taliparamba Temple.

There is a Temple in Kerala where the Shiva Linga was ordered to be installed in a place where there is no cremation ground!

The Rajarajeswara temple is in Taliparamba, Kerala.

I would like hear from people from Taliparamaba where the cremation ground exists in Taliparamba.

Another unique feature is that the Devotees are not allowed to offer Namaskara, Prostrations before the Deity, in the  Namaskara Mantapa, they are not allowed inside this Mantapa.

The reason is that Lord Rama offered Namaskara to Shiva here and as a mark of respect to Lord Rama, this custom is followed.

 

Legend.

Taliparamba is among the 108 ancient Kerala temples dedicated to Shiva.

Taliparamba is regarded as one of the ancient Shakti Peethams.

The Shiva Linga here is believed to be several thousands of years old. Legend has it that Shiva gave three sacred Shiva Lingas to Parvati/Sati for worship.

One sage, Maandhata propitiated Lord Shiva with intense prayers. Shiva was so pleased that he presented one of the Shiva Lingas to him with the injunction that it should be installed only at a place where there was no cremation ground. The sage, after searching all over, found Taliparamba the most sacred spot where he installed the Shiva Linga.

After his death the Linga disappeared into the earth. Then his son Muchukunda offered similar prayers to Shiva and got a second Shiva Linga, which too disappeared in course of time. Centuries passed. The third Shiva Linga was handed down to Satasoman, a king of Mushaka/Kolathiri/Chirakkal Royal Family, who then ruled the region. He was an ardent devotee of Shiva. On the advice of sage Agastya, he prayed to Lord Siva, who granted him the Shiva Linga. The king installed it in the present temple built by him. However, many legends associated with the Temple, claim Agastya Himself as installing the ShivaLinga (which is believed as per those legends to be a ‘Jyothirlingam’).

* We have Spatha Vidnaga Sthalas in Tamil Nadu, where the legend runs on similar lines.Rfer my Post on Sapthavidanga Sthalas

It is believed that Sri Rama during his victorious return from Lanka stopped here to offer worship to Lord Shiva. In honor of His presence, devotees are not allowed into the namaskara mandapam even today.

Lord Shiva worshiped in this sacred temple is known as Sree Rajarajeswara, which means the Emperor of Emperors — the Lord Supreme. The name signifies the supreme transcendental power in the background of mysterious drama of the boundless universe. That power is invoked here as Lord Rajarajeshwara. Devotees address the lord with such royal appellations as Perumthrikovilappan, Perum-chelloorappan and Thampuraan Perumthrikkovilappan.

The Jyothirlingam in the shrine in vibrant with spiritual power that exerts an enriching influence both on the material and spiritual levels of the earnest devotees. The celebrated ancient sage Agasthya Maharishi is associated with the installation of the Jyothirlingam in the shrine.

Temple Timings.

Pooja / Prayer timings: The temple opens at 4 am and remains closed in the afternoon from 12 to 5.

Wednesday, the day when the lingam was installed, is the most important day for prayer instead of Monday.

Festivals: Shivratri, Puthari, a festival of the harvesting season; Karkadaka Sankramam (July) and Nira are some of the auspicious days celebrated in the temple with pomp and festivities.

Codes and guidelines: Men are allowed to enter the shrine at any time, but woman are allowed only after 8 PM. Non Hindus are not allowed to enter the temple. Mundu is the dress code for men.

Cloak room: One has to deposit their purse and other belongings in the cloak room outside. Photography is prohibited in the temple.

How To Reach.

By Air.

Taliparamba111 km away

Bajpe Airport (IXE)Mangalore, Karnataka

Taliparamba100 km away

Calicut International Airport (CCJ)Kozhikode, Kerala

Train.

Taliparamba does not have an train station. Nearest option is Kannapuram.

Taliparamba9 km away

Kannapuram (KPQ)Kannapuram, Kerala

Taliparamba12 km away

Payangadi (PAZ), Payangadi, Kerala

By Bus.
Available from major cities of India, especially in Kerala,

Citation and Reference.

 

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajarajeshwara_Temple#Legends_and_history