Hinduism

Gnana Mudra Rama Without Bow Arrrow Nedungunam


It is very rare to find Lord Rama with out His Bow and Arrow.

And Lord Rama with Gnana Mudra?

As far as I know, Vishnu or His avatars do not exhibit Gnana Mudra.

Lord Shiva, that too in the form of Dakshina Murthy, one who faces South or one who is in the South exhibits Mudra,

Vishnu’s Reclining form is Yoga Nidra.

But there is a rare Temple of Lord Sri Ram , Nedungunam, near Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu, where Lord Rama appears without His Bow and Arrow.

And He is with Gnana Mudra.

Yoga Rama,Nedungunam.jpg Yoga Rama,Nedungunam.

Chin Mudra.

The thumb and forefinger on each of the hands are jointed, forming a zero. The rest of the fingers are extended. The hands are placed palms-up on the thighs or knees while sitting in vajrasana. This mudrā activates the diaphragm, making for deep “stomach-breathing” as the diaphragm pushes out the internal organs when it descends towards the pelvis on inhalation. Slow rhythmic breathing in a 5-2-4-2 rhythm (5 being the exhalation, and 4 is the inhalation) makes prana flow in the pelvis and in the legs.

Located 24kms South of Vandavasi on the Kanchipuram – Chetput-Thiruvannamalai route at the foot of the Dheergajala Mountain is the over 500years old Yoga Rama temple in Nedungunam where Lord Rama is seen in a unique sitting ‘Chin Mudra’ posture without his bow listening to Hanuman’s Vedic recital.

Legend.

Answering the prayers of Rishi Shugar, Rama provided darshan to him and stayed here for a day on his way back to Ayodhya after defeating the Lanka King Ravana.

The temple which was built by various kings 700 years ago is a living legend of several periodical specialties and uniqueness. The temple houses several huge mandapams to facilitate the formation of yaga salas. The uniqueness of this schetra is that the ‘Moolavar’ Sree Rama’s divine posture, cannot be seen at other places. Here Sri Rama sits as ‘Yoga Ramar’ without bow and arrow and with the right hand positioned close to his heart in a ‘Gnana Muthirai’. This is further complimented with lord Seetha in sitting position holding a lotus flower and Lakshmana standing with bow and arrow followed by ‘Sri Anjaneya’ sitting in front of Sri Rama in reading posture referring to ‘Brahma Sutra’ inscribed on palm leaves.

Sri Rama and Sri Seetha are sitting on a peetam inscribed with lionheads. According to history the moolasthana moorthis are Rishiprathista. As per sthala purana Sri Rama has visited Suga Bramarishis ashram and blessed him while returning from SriLanka after Thewar and stayed here for a day.

Moolavar : Yoga Rama East Facing Sitting Posture with Sita and Lakshmana by his side
Thaayar : Shengamala Valli Thaayar
Temple Time: 7am-10am and 6pm-8pm
Contact : Badri Narayana Bhattar @ 94452 15776

Nedungunam Sri Ramanithya Pooja Trust
1,VIVEK NAGAR,
GINGEE ROAD,
CHETPET-606801
THIRUVANNAMALAI DT
Contact: Badhri Bhattachar – 81245 42753, 94452 15776( Check the Phone numbers)
Trustee – 94871 20139
Email: contact@nedungunamramar.com

How To Reach.

Bus Numbers 148, 208 and 422 from Koyambedu bus stand go through Nedungunam
By Car from Chennai, one can drive 90kms to Melmaruvathur and then take a right to drive 30kms to Vandavasi.

The alternate route is to taka right at Padalam (15kms after Chengalpet on the GST Road) to reach Uthira Merur. From Uthira Merur, one has to drive 25kms south to reach Vandavasi.

Temple site.

http://nedungunamramar.com/index.html

Standard
Hinduism

Taxila, Takshashila Built By Bharata Brother Of Rama


Lord Rama’s son ,Lava built Lahore now in Pakistan.

Taxila, called as Takshashila in Sanskrit and Takashila was built by Bharata, brother of Lord Rama , for his son Taksha.

Taxila.Image.jpg

Taxila, Takshasila, world’s First University.

Legend has it that Takṣaśilā derived its name from Takṣa, who was the son of Bharata, the brother of the Hindu deity Rama. Takṣa’s kingdom was called Takṣa Khanda and its capital that he founded was named Takṣaśilā.

*According to another theory propounded by DD Kosambi, Takṣaśilā is related to Takṣaka, Sanskrit for “carpenter”, and is an alternative name for the Nāgas of ancient India. In the great Hindu epic Mahābhārata, the Kuru heir Parikṣit (grandson of the Arjuna) was enthroned at Takṣaśilā. Traditionally, it is believed that the Mahabharata was first recited at Takṣaśilā by Vaishampayana, student ofVyasa at the behest of the seer Vyasa himself, at the Snake Sacrifice.

* There is no supportive evidence for this.

In “Lalitha Vistara,” we are told of the formation of such institutions for teaching the three R’s and moral stories to the young. Further, a very remarkable achievement of ancient India in the post-Vedic and Buddhist ages was the organisation of higher education in a few of the prominent centres of India. The earliest and the most famous institutions of the kind were those of Benares and Taxila, which were the educational havens for people from all parts of the world, right down at least from the Buddhist age. The one place which acquired a great reputation not only for its mastery over a special branch of knowledge, medicine, but also for its general ideal instruction, perfect discipline and homely training was the University of Taxila…

In the Ramayana, (Vangavasi Edition-Uttarakandam-Chapter XIV) Bharata, Sri Rama’s brother, is said to have built two cities, Takkhasila and Puskalavata, and appointed his sons, Takkha and Puskala, to be their rulers respectively. The cities were described as very prosperous in as much as their citizens were pious and prosperous. There is another reference in the same Uttarakanda of Ramayana that Takkhasila was a centre of learning and that people from different parts of the country resorted to the Institution of Education there to specialise in Law (Vyavahara). The 88th Chapter of Vayupurana refers to Takkhasila, the capital of Takka, a beautiful city.

‘Brihatsamhita’ mentions Takkhasila as a most famous city, implying thereby that it was doubtless a centre of ancient education and culture. Further, in Mahabharata, it is recorded that the King Janamejaya conquered it. It also declares the men Taxila to be matchless and unrivalled in discussions and debates in educational and cultural learning. Lastly, Ksemendra’s ‘Aradanakalpalata’ says that Asoka’s son, Kunala, was sent by Asoka to conquer Takkhasila, which was ruled by Kunjarakarna.

Taxila has been referred to, often, in Pali literature as well, a great centre of learning and as an important University centre in ancient India. According to Dhammapadattahakatha, Pasenadi, King of Kosala, was educated at the University of Taxila. From the Mahavagga, (Vinaya Pitaka), we learn that several princes from various kingdoms, within and without India, went to the University of Taxila for their complete education.

Dhammapadadattahakatha speaks of a student who went to Taxila, all the way from Benares, to study the ‘Silpas’, in the midst of five hundred class-mates. In several places, in the Pali Jatakas, there are references to highly renowned teachers living at Taxila and to the various subjects taught there.
The foreign writers of Greece, Rome and China have left Lind valuable records of accounts of Taxila. Arrian refers it as having been a great and flourishing city in the times Alexander. Strabo comments upon its population. Plutarch dwells upon its fertile soil. Hiuentsang writes of its rich harvests and luxuriant vegetation. There are other foreign Buddhist works which refer to the various arts and sciences, imparted at the University of Taxila, in the Buddhist age.

Standard
Hanuman.jpg
Hinduism

Protection From Danger Apad Udharaka Hanumath Stotram Vibishana


Life is balance between Risks and Our Faith.

Sanatana Dharma has three classifications of the Happenings of the world and the individual.

Adi Bautikam.

Adyathmikam, and

Adi Daivikam.

Adi Bautikam relates to the events happening because the Five Elements of Nature, Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Ether.

One has no real protection from these when they unleash themselves

Ask any one who has watched the film Gravity.

If he/ she does not admit to being scared to the level of Panic looking at the vast expanse of Space and for a moment not imagined themselves in the predicament of being lost in Space.

Efforts and our achievements the  in Science vanish in front of them.

Recall The Tsunami that struck South India in the recent past

 

Adyatmikam related the reaction for actions we have performed, one can not escape the recoil.

Adi Daivikam is at the Pleasure of God, in commensurate with our actions.

Despite knowing that we are powerless and puny, we arrogate ourselves with Knowledge and Powere.

Even such men at times of crisis, turn to God.

I read in a Thriller by Fredrick Forsyth, The Icon, a seemingly atheist general says,

Show me one man who does not believe in the Power of something beyond him, when one sees Cannon Shells blowing up within inches of him, him remaining unhurt, while those near him were killed.

The only recourse is to seek the help of God at times of Crisis.

Hanuman is the Master of encountering Crises.

He would ensure that you remain free of fear.

On a daily basis one may recite,

Buddhir Balam Yaso Dhairyam Nirbhayathvama Arogatha,

Ajaatyam Vaakpatuthvancham,

Hanumath Smaranaath Bahaveteth.

This will release you from fears of any kind.

There is yet another stotra by Vibishana, for overcoming Danger.

It is

Apad Udharaka Hanumath Stotram

 

Translation by Sri.P.R.Ramchander

Apad akhila lokarthi harine, hanumathe,
Akasmad aagathothpada nasaya, namosthuthe., 1

Hey Hanuman, who removes dangers of all the world,
And who destroys all accidental dangers, my salutations.

Sita viyuktha Sri Rama soka dukjha bhayapaha,
Thapa thrithya samharin anjaneya, namosthuthe., 2

Hey Hanuman who removed sorrow, pain and fear,
From Lord Rama who has parted with his wife Sita,
And who destroys the three types of pains,
My salutations to the, son of Anjana.

Adhi vyadhi mahamari graham peedapa harine,
Pranapa harthe daithyanam, anjaneya namosthuthe., 3

Hey Hanuman, who removes sorrow, diseases,
Epidemics and problems created by planets,
And who steals away the souls of Rakshasas,
My salutations to the, son of Anjana.

Samsara sagara vartha karthavya brantha chethasaam,
Saranagatha marthyaanaam, saranyaya namosthuthe., 4

My salutations to him who gives protection,
To the men who seek protection from him,
With a confused my mind created by,
The sea of this miserable life.

Raja dwari, bila dwari pravesa, bhootha sankule,
Gaja simha maha vyagra chora bheeshana kanane,., 5
Saranaya saranyaya vathathmaja, namosthuthe,
Nama plavanga sainyanaam prana bhoothathmane nama., 6

My salutations are due to son of the God of wind,
Who is the protector, who offers protection to those,
Trying to enter the gate of the palace or in the opening of a cave,
And who is amidst collection of ghosts, in the deep forest,
In the company of elephants, lion, tiger and thieves,
My salutations to the soul of the army of monkeys.

Rameshtam karunapoornam Hanumantham bhayapaham,
Sathru nasa haram bheemam Sarvabheeshta phala pradham., 7

My salutations to the darling of Rama who is full of mercy,
Who is the fearful Hanuman,, who destroys his enemies,
Who is gross and who fulfills all our wishes.

Pradoshe va prabathe va ye smareth anjana sutham,
Artha sidhim yasa sidhim Prapnuvanthi na samsaya., 8

He who remembers the son of Anjana,
Early in the morn or during pradosha time,
Would get wealth and become famous,
Without any doubt whatsoever.

Karagrahe prayane cha samgrame desa viplave,
Ye smaranthi Hanumantham thesham naashthi vipad thada., 9

Either in prison or during travel,
Or during war or during revolt in the country,
Whosoever remembers Lord Hanuman,
Will not be subject to any danger.

Vajra dehaya kalagni rudhraya, amitha thejase,
Brahmasthra sthambanayasmai nama sri Rudra murthaye., 10

Oh God who has diamond like body,
Who is like the fire of Lord Shiva during deluge,
Who is the exceeding powerful light,
Who benumbed the great arrow of Brahma,
Salutations to you, of very angry one.

Japthwa stotramidham manthram prathivaram paden nara,
Rajasthane, sthabhasthane pratha vadhe, japed Druvam,
Vibheeshana krutham stotram ya padeth prayatho nara,
Sarva apadbhyo vimuchetha nathra karya vicharana,., 11

The man who every week reads or chants this mantra,
Composed by Lord Vibheeshana,
In king’s place, in a meeting or during arguments, would without fail,
And without any need for enquiry, come out of all dangers.

Markatesa, mahothsaha, sarva soka vinasaka,
Shathrun samhara maam raksha sreeyam cha adha pradehi may., 12

Oh lord of monkeys, who is exuberant and who can destroy all the world,
Please destroy all my enemies, protect me and thus bless me.

Citation.

http://www.hindupedia.com/en/Apad_Udharaka_Hanumath_Stotram_stotram

Standard
Hinduism

Hanuman Horoscope


Indian Mythologies are not Myths, as has been proved by Anthropology, Archaeology and Astronomy.

These contain references to Geographical features , events and detailed information about people with their Birth charts.

I have posted the Birth charts, called Jataka in Sanskrit, of Lord Rama ,Krishna which tally with the events verified by archaeology and Astronomy.

Lord Hanuman, also called as Hanuman,Vayuputra, Pawan Kumara,Anjaneya, Maaruti is an Immortal.

I searched for the Birth chart of Hanuman.

Here it is.

Horoscope of Hanuman..image.jpg Hanuman Birth Chart.

Hanuman s an Immortal, a Chiranjeevi.

He is considered variously as the son of Anajana, An amsa of Rudra or Shiva Himself, who came down to assist Lord Rama to destroy the Asuras.

I shall be writing in detail on the Etymology of Hanuman.

 

Citation.

https://plus.google.com/photos/109843847207556735670/albums/5089136640025009521

Standard
Hinduism

Rama Sita in Vedas A Contradiction?


Sometimes one comes across references in the Ithihasa and Puranas , when related to the Vedas there is confusion.

Rama and Sita. image.jpg Rama and Sita.

The Vedas,the Scripture of the Hindus, are accepted as Apaurusheya, not man-made and timeless, are undoubtedly the earliest works of Sanatana Dharma, and the Vedas , especially the Rig Veda is considered to be first literature of Mankind.dated conservatively at 5000 BC.

The Ithihasas Ramayana and Mahabharata come later.

One comes across references to Rama and Sita in the Ramayana.

References to Rama in Ramayana.

“14 This to Duḥśīma Pṛthavāna have I sung, to Vena, Rama, to the nobles, and the King.
They yoked five hundred, and their love of us was famed upon their way.
15 Besides, they showed us seven-and-seventy horses here.
Tānva at once displayed his gift, Pārthya at once displayed his gift; and straightway Māyava showed his.” XCIII Visvedevas.

Vena is the ancestor of Rama.

In the absence of Dasaratha reference, some dispute the name Rama as the Rama of Ramayana.

There is an interesting  note found in the Bala Kanda of Ramayana.

Valmiki wrote that he wrote the Ramayana to expound The Vedas.

“kushiilavau tu dharmaGYau raajaputrau yashasvinau |
bhraatarau svarasampannau dadarsha aashramavaasinau ||
sa tu medhaavinau dR^ishhTvaa vedeShu pariniShThitau |
vedopabR^ihmaNaarthaaya taavagraahayata prabhuh ||
kaavyaM raamaayaNaM kR^itsnaM siitaayaashcharitaM mahat.h|
paulastya vadhamityeva chakaara charitavrataH||

(vAlmIki-rAmAyaNa–bAlakANDa 1.4.5-7)

The princes, the brothers, Kusha and Lava, were knowledgeable about Dharma and were glorious. Their voices were melodious and they lived in the hermitage of (vAlmIki). He (vAlmIki), established in good deeds, observed those two extremely intelligent (princes), skilled in the Vedas, and for the sake of expounding the Vedas, he composed and made them study the poem sampUrNa-rAmAyaNa (the entire rAmAyaNa) (containing) the great story of sItA and the slaying of rAvaNa.

These verses from the vAlmIki-rAmAyaNa clearly show that the sage vAlmIki composed the rAmAyaNa to expound the meaning of the Vedas…

Sita in the Vedas.

Auspicious Sita, come thou near;We venerate and worship thee
That thou mayst bless and prosper us
And bring us fruits abundantly.

-Rig veda 4.57

In Harivansha Sita has been invoked as one of the names of goddess Arya:

O goddess, you are the altar’s center in the sacrifice,
The priest’s fee
Sita to those who hold the plough
And Earth to all living being.

The Kausik-sutra and the Paraskara-sutra associate her repeatedly as the wife of Parjanya (a god associated with rains) and Indra.[4]

Sita is known by many epithets. She is called Jānaki as the daughter of Janaka and Maithili as the princess of Mithila.[5] As the wife of Rama, she is called Ramā. Her father Janaka had earned the sobriquet Videha due to his ability to transcend body consciousness; Sita is therefore also known as Vaidehi.

Is this not an Anachronism?

How can the Vedas mention Rama and Sita who came later?

The Ramayana mention that Rama was adorned with Upaveeda and the Upanayana ceremony was performed according the Vedic procedure.

Sita Rama Marriage was performed according to Vedic rites.

Why this contradiction?

The explanation for Rama being found Rama in Vedas.

10.111.07 sacanta yad uShasaH sooryeNa citrAm asya ketavo rAm avindan |
10.111.07 A yan nakShatraM dadRushe divo na punar yato nakir addhA nu veda ||(Rig Veda)

pra tadduHshIme pR^ithavAne vene pra rAme vochamasure maghavatsu |
ye yuktvAya pa.ncha shatAsmayu pathA vishrAvyeshhAm.h ||9Rig Veda 10.93.14),

In yajnas of wealthy kings such as duHshIma, pR^ithavAna, vena, and the powerful rAma, I utter hymns to the gods who travel by 500 chariots drawn by horses in the world of the gods, and who are fond of us (humans).

1.’Since rAmAyaNa is based on the Vedas, there must be mantras in the Vedas that correspond to the immortal story of rAma. It is with this objective that nIlakaNTha, the great commentator on the mahAbhArata, has presented, with his own wonderful commentary, the mantra-rAmAyaNa. The mantra-rAmAyaNa is a compilation of Riks from the R^ig Veda that narrate the story of rAma or the rAmAyaNa.”

2.As I have posted earlier the Vedas were not grasped in one shot.

They were grasped by different Rishis at different times.

Hence the reference to  Rama in the Ramayana could have been included in the later revelations, while a portion of the Vedas were in existence before Rama, which Rama followed.

Reference of Sita in Ramayana.

1. If one were to look at the etymology of the word Sita, it means Furrow, indicating that Sita was found while using furrowing.

As such she was considered to be daughter of Earth.

As Sita was found while using the Furrow, she might have been given the name Sita.

The name given to her was Janaki, daughter of Janaka..

This practice is called Thaddidhaantam, that of linking the the name of the offspring to father.

Thus Rama is also called Dasarathy.

The other explanation for Sita being mentioned in the Vedas is the same as stated for Rama.

Citation.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/08/07/ramayana-in-the-rig-veda/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sita#Legend

Standard