Hinduism

Hanuman Sleeps As A Mountain Nuwara Eliya



This photo of Neelkanteshwar is courtesy of TripAdvisor

 

I have written articles on the sites in Sri Lanka, which have, Ravana’s Palace, his Pushpaka vimana Runway,Pushpaka Vimana Axle,Pond where Sita took Bath, where she was kept in Ashoka Vatika, where Sita wept, where she went into the ground,Hanuman scorched Earth, Place where Sita was moved by Ravana.

There is a Mountain which resembles Hanuman asleep Near Nuwara Eliya in Sri Lanka.

Hanuman Sleeps, Kandy-Nuwaraeliya Road, Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lankajpg

Hanuman Sleeps, Kandy-Nuwaraeliya Road, Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka

Check out how to reach Hanuman Temple at the following Link.

http://www.tripadvisor.in/ShowUserReviews-g608524-d3732287-r288091659-Shri_Bhakta_Hanuman_Temple-Nuwara_Eliya_Central_Province.html

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Hinduism

Tamil Chola Sibi Ruled From Pakistan?


The affinity of Sanskrit, Tamil Culture with Sanatana Dharma is very close.

The Tamil kings are referred to in the Vedas, Puranas, Ramayana and Mahabharata.

They predate even Lord Rama.

Tamil ings were present during the Swayamvar of Sita,

They were present during the Swayamvar of Nala and Damayanthi.

Nala was the ancestor of Lord Rama and legends have it that Nala visited Thirunaru, Pondicherry, to be relived of Shani(Saturn’s) effect.

Though there are many  anecdotes of Tamil Kings, who trace their lineage to Solar Dynasty, two stand out.

One is Manu Needhi Chola,means, one who effectively enforced the rules elaborated by Manu.

He ran his son over by his chariot,(he was riding it) because a Cow complained to him by ringing the Bell he installed to hear people’s grievances and informed him that his son ran over its calf.

Manuneedhi Chola atoned it by running his chariot over his son!

The episode is found in the Hitti Civilization-they were the forerunners of the Anatolian Civilization.

Another is Emperor Sibi.

Chakravarthy Sibi is mentioned in the Rig Veda, Ramayana and Mahabharata , apart from references in the eighteen Puranas.

Thereafter, the king when recovered from loss of consciousness and again returned to his breath, called that charioteer for the purpose of getting the report on Rama. Then, Sumantra, who joined his palms in reverence, approached the monarch who was repenting about Rama alone, filled with pain and sorrow, advanced in age, greatly anguished, sighing like a newly caught elephant and reflecting on something as a sick elephant.

 The king, having great distress, spoke to Sumantra, whose body was covered with dust, his face filled with tears, who was miserable and who approached near him (as follows):” Oh, Sumantra! Where can Rama the virtuous man abide, taking refuge at the root of a tree? What that Rama, who enjoyed very many pleasantries, can eat now? Oh, Sumantra! How can Rama the prince, who was habituated to good beds, sleep with such discomfort on a floor like an orphan? Footsoldiers, Chariots and elephants used to follow whenever Rama was marching ahead. How such a man can take shelter and stay in a forest devoid of people? How Seetha Rama and Lakshmana entered forest filled with wild animals and black snakes? How those princes with Seetha the delicate and the poor lady went on foot, after descending from the chariot? You have seen my sons entering the forest, as though divinities of Aswini had entered the Mountain-range of Mandara. You are indeed lucky. After reaching the forest, what words did Rama speak? What did Lakshmana speak? What did Seetha speak?  Tell me where Rama sat, slept and took food. By hearing these things, I shall survive, as Yayati survived in the company of saints.”

Comment: King Yayati, when doomed to fall from heaven requested Indra to cast his lot with saints. He was accordingly sent down to a spot on the earth, where four ascetics- Astaka Pratardana, Vasuman and parva King Sibi had been practicing austerities, and had discourse with them- Mahabharata, Adi Parva.

Ayodhya Kanda, Ramayana, Sarga 58

Sibi was son of King Usinara and queen Madhavi. He was a righteous king. Indra and Agni wanted to test his integrity and so they took the form of birds hawk and dove. The hawk chased the dove and it sought protection from Sibi. Sibi was ready to give the hawk anything except the dove. But the hawk (Indra) was so adamant demanded either the dove or equal measure of meat from the king. When the king cut his flesh and placed it on one pan and the dove on the other pan, it was never equal. The king himself mounted the balance to give himself for the sake of the dove. But Indra and Agni revealed themselves and blessed him. There is another story of Sibi’s eye donation in the Buddhist Jataka.

This story is sung by several poets and they are in Purananuru verses 37, 39, 43 46 and 228. Sibi’s wards were called Saibya in Sanskrit. Sangam Tamil poets Tamilized this word and called the Chozas Sembian. This word is in other Sangam books Aka Nanuru (36) and Natrinai (14)…

King Sibi weighing his Thigh Flesh.Sculpture, Borobudur King Sibi weighing his Thigh Flesh.

The story of Sibi Chakravarthy is so famous that it was sculpted in the Barhut, Nagarjunakonda ,Amaravati bas-reliefs and  Borobudur in Java,Indonesia (see Boropudur sculpture above).

Tamil epics Silappadikaram and Manimekalai gave more details about this link. Since the oldest part of Sangam Tamil literature mentions it no one can reject it. The link is confirmed with other stories as well.

Sibi ruled from the north west of India. There was a Sibi puram on the banks of river Chenab in Punjab. Sibi clan is mentioned in Rig Veda and Brahmanas. Panini referred one Sivapuram may be the same Sibipuram’

Sibi is in Nort west of India, currently in Pakistan.

There are views that Sibi ruled from there and that the Tamils were from North India.

Considering the differences between the Tamil Culture and Sanatana Dharma, thought Tamils were a part of Sanatana Dharma and the archeological evidence,Literature, the structural difference between Sanskrit , I am of the opinion that it is not so.

In the case of Sibi. it is probable that Sibi had the city of Sibi as a second capital.

Sibi (Balochi: بلوچ ) (Urdu: سِبی‎) is a city of Balochistan province of Pakistan. The city is located at 29°33’0N 67°52’60E at an altitude of 130 metres (429 feet)[1] and is headquarters of the district and tehsil of the same name.[2] According to the 2001 census of Pakistan, the population of Sibi is 52,100..

Citation.

http://tamilandvedas.com/2013/07/15/sibi-story-in-old-tamil-literature/

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Roman kins weaing Hindu marks.JPG
Hinduism

Sivas City Turkey Hinduism Tamil Manu Needhi Chola


I have written articles on the connection between Anatolia,(Asia Minor), Mesopotamia, Sumeria and Babylon.

They are,

Hindu kings of Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt and Italy,

Mitanni (/mɪˈtæni/; Hittite cuneiform KUR URUMi-ta-an-ni; alsoMittani Mi-it-ta-ni) or Hanigalbat (Assyrian Hanigalbat, Khanigalbatcuneiform Ḫa-ni-gal-bat) or Naharin in ancient Egyptian texts was a Hurrian-speaking state in northern Syria and southeast Anatoliafrom ca. 1500 BC–1300 BC. Founded by an Indo-Aryan ruling class governing a predominantly Hurrian population, Mitanni came to be a regional power after the Hittite destruction of Amorite[1] Babylon and a series of ineffectual Assyrian kings created a power vacuum in Mesopotamia.

The Mittanni was in northern Mesopotamia , roughly from 1500-1300 BC.

At its height the empire extended from Kirkuk (ancient Arrapha) and the Zagros Mountains in the east through Assyria to the Mediterranean Sea in the west.

…These Kings and evena Roman Emperor sported Thiruman, The Vaishnavite marks on their Body.

Mittani, Hitties

I had also written on the migration of Shiva with his son Ganesha westwards from the south of Vindhyas, because of a Tsunami.

This was the time Lord Rama’s ancestor Satyavrata Manu migrated to Ayodhya .

Satyavrata manu’s son Ikshvaku founded the Sola dynasty, Ikshvaku.

The traces of Shiva are found everywhere from the Middle east to the Arctic!

The Chola dynasty traces its origins to ikshvaku dynasty of Rama.

The story of Chola King Sibi is narrated in the Vishnu Purana, as the ancestor of Rama.

Apart from the evidence of Hitties being influenced by the Tamils, it might be possible that the Cholas were in Hittie Kingdom,possibly they had a hand in forming the Hittie Empire.

The Hittites relied on their mastery of chariot warfare. Resembles Manuneedhi Chola, Tamil King of Solar Dynasty

The Hittites relied on their mastery of chariot warfare. Resembles Manuneedhi Chola, Tamil King

This is a speculation I have in the light of many of the Hitties customs and the depiction of a chariot  running over a man.

In the Tamil Classics, King Manu Needhi Chola ran his son down by his chariot because his son ran over a calf and because the cow had complained of this to him by ringing the bell set up by the king for the people to let him know of their problems!

Monument in Siva, Turkey.jpg Monument in Siva, Turkey.

It wasn’t until explorer Charles Texier stumbled upon ruins he had hoped belonged to an ancient Roman city that history would gradually begin to allow the Hittites to take their rightful place. Texier made his discovery in the isolated village of Bogazköy, in central Anatolia, roughly half way between Ankara and Sivas. The year was 1834. Though he didn’t know it at the time, he had in fact discovered the imperial Hittite city of Hattusa. However, the road to understanding the Hittites would prove to be a long one.

Stones covered with mysterious hieroglyphs were being discovered in northern Syria and all over Anatolia and they seemed to relate to the hieroglyphs found at the Hattusa site. Archaeologists were beginning to consider the possibility that these hieroglyphs belonged to an ancient forgotten empire. In 1880, English Assyriologist Archibald Sayce shocked the world with his announcement that this empire and the Hittites of the Old Testament were one and the same people.

Excavations at the site did not start until 1906, and tablets found in the Hittite’s cuneiform language revealed a surprising twist. The language of the Hittites belonged to the Indo-European languages with the Hittite word for water (‘watar’) for instance uncannily resembling English and German, leading to speculation that the Hittites may originally have migrated from Europe. Other theories, however, claim that Indo-European languages originated elsewhere, perhaps even in Anatolia itself. Whatever the truth may be, English and a host of other languages can thus be traced back to a single root hidden somewhere in the darkness of prehistory..

‘Excavations at a mound known as Topraktepe indicate Hittite settlement in the area as early as 2600 BC, though little is known of Sivas’ history prior to its emergence in the Roman period. In 64 BC as part of his reorganization of Asia Minor after the Third Mithridatic War, Pompey the Great founded a city on the site called “Megalopolis”. Numismatic evidence suggests that Megalopolis changed its name in the last years of the 1st century BC to “Sebaste”, which is the feminine form of the Greek name corresponding to Augustus. The name “Sivas” is the Turkish version deriving from the name Sebasteia, as the city was known during late Roman empire. Sebasteia became the capital of the province of Armenia Minor under the emperorDiocletian, was a town of some importance in the early history of the Christian Church; in the 4th century it was the home of Saint Blaise and Saint Peter of Sebaste, bishops of the town, and of Eustathius, one of the early founders of monasticism in Asia Minor. It was also the place of martyrdom of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste, also 4th century. Justinian I had a fortified wall around it rebuilt in the 6th century…

…’Historian Christopher Scarre describes Hattusa as “a vast fortress-city sprawling over the rocky terrain, with craggy citadels and elaborate temples. It became the center of a powerful empire that covered not only most of Anatolia but also at times extended far to the south, into Syria and the Levant” (206). Hattusa was originally founded by the Hatti (an aboriginal tribe of Anatolia) in 2500 BCE, and their culture may have provided the basis for that of the Hittites.  This very important complex and those who built it along with their vast empire, however, remained almost unknown until their writings were discovered, first by the Irish missionary William Wright  in 1884 CE, and then by the German archaeologist Hugo Winckler in 1906 CE. By the year 1912 CE, Winckler “had recovered 10,000 clay tablets from the Hittite royal archives” (Scarre & Fagan, 206).  These tablets, on which they had recorded their history and transactions, were deciphered relatively quickly.

..

Sivas (Armenian: Սեբաստիա; Latin: Sebastia, Sebastea, Sebasteia, Sebaste) is a city in central Turkey and the seat of Sivas Province. According to a 2011 estimate, its urban population is 425,297.

The city, which lies at an elevation of 4,193 feet (1,278 m) in the broad valley of the Kızılırmak river, is a moderately-sized trade center and industrial city, although the economy has traditionally been based on agriculture. Rail repair shops and a thriving manufacturing industry of rugs, bricks, cement, and cotton and woolen textiles form the mainstays of the city’s economy. The surrounding region is a cereal-producing area with large deposits of iron ore which are worked at Divriği.

Sivas is also a communications hub for the north-south and east-west trade routes to Iraq and Iran, respectively. With the development of railways, the city gained new economic importance as junction of important rail lines linking the cities of Ankara,Kayseri, Samsun, and Erzurum. The city is linked by air to Istanbul.

Citations.

http://www.ancient.eu/hittite/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sivas

http://www.turkeytourism.in/cities/city_c.php?id=321

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Patala Loka is US.jpg
Hinduism

Ash Island US Vishnu Turned Rama’s Ancestors to Ashes


I had written on the fact that the US is the Patala Loka mentioned in the Hindu Puranas ,Ithihasas, Ramayana and Mahabharata.

And California is Kapila Aranya.

I had also written quite extensively on the Inca connection to Hinduism. specifically the Tamils and how they celebrate the Makara Sankaranthi.

Mayan temple Chichen Itza’s Sanctum is identical with the Sanctum of Chidambaram Nataraja.

In Yucatan ruins one finds the 1000 Pillared Mantap( Hall ) in Tikal,like the ones in the Hindu temples in Sout Indi.

We have Hanuman’s son Makaratwaja being worshiped in Honduras.

Rama’s ancestor Sagara,after whom the Ocean is called as Sagara, conducted an Aswamedha Yaga.

A decorated Horse is normally sent before the conclusion of the yaga.

One who stops the Horse must engage himself in a fight with the King who sent the Horse/conducts the Yaga.

Depending on the outcome of the battle, the Yaga will be concluded.

In this case, the horse wandered off and landed in the nether world and stood in front of Sage Kapila, an Avatar of Vishnu, who was meditating.

Meanwhile worried about the missing Horse, Sagara sent his 60,000 sons to search for Horse.

The located the Horse standing in front of Kapila, assumed Kapila and started harassing Him.

Kapila just opened His eyes and the 60000 sons of Sagara were turned into ashes.

Knowing this, Sagara came rushing and requested the forbearance of Kapila.

200,000 Years Old Colorado Shiva Temple.jpg 200,000 Years Old Colorado Shiva Temple.

Kapila told Sagara that his sons would attain Moksha,only after Ganges was  brought from the head of Lord Shiva and the ashes were immersed in the Ganges water.

And Sagara’s  descendant would achieve this after a strenuous effort.

And that was Bhagiratha.

River Bhagirathi is named after him.

And any ceacseless, undaunting effort is called Bhagiratha Prayathana.( some thing similar to Herculean Task)

The place where the sons of Sagara was turned into ashes is the Ash Island, US.

The places are now the Ash Island and Horse island US.

‘According to Jagadguru Sankaracharya all this happened in “Kapilaranya” which is exactly opposite to India in the Globe and which is currently California. Geography, of course, confirms that India and California locations are diametrically opposite to each other on the Globe. Therefore if one were to notionally pierce a needle from India on the Globe, it would hit California directly at the bottom. This also corroborates the view that the princes who dug deep into the ground from India reached California at the bottom. Also the existence of “Ash Island” and “Horse Island” next to California today lends credence to this explanation suggesting that “Ash Island” was the place where the princes were burnt to ashes and the “Horse Island” was the location where the horse was tied. Hindus popularly believe that the epic Ramayana happened at least 100,000 years ago. So, could it be that Hinduism is 100,000 years old and spread to far off locations including the geographic area, which is USA today?’

Citation.

http://www.harekrsna.com/sun/features/07-06/features370.htm

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Seafaring Dravidians.jpg
Hinduism, Tamils

Ancestors Of Africans Olmechs Tamils Komati From Godavari?


During the course of research about the spread of Sanatana Dharma throughout the world, I have come across some curious facts.

Sanatana Dharma was in place in the South of the Vindhyas, even before Sarasvati Valley ,Harappan civilization.

While the Rig veda is dated around 5000 BC, there is a site with artifacts of advanced Tamil Culture, near Chennai and it is dated to be around a Million Years!

The Thiruvannamalai temple ,also in South is dated around a Billion years.

Olmech King,jpg

This Olmec king with Africoid facial features, rediscovered in 1858 at the Tres Zapotes archeological site in the Mexican state of Veracruz, is convincing evidence of the 3,000-year presence of Africans in Mexico but was omitted from the Oakland Museum of California exhibit

 

Olmech King with Tuft.jpg

Olmech King with Tuft? The Olmec king’s Africoid hairstyle with braided hair is further evidence that Africans came to Mexico at least 3,000 years ago.

Tirupati arch is dated to be 2100 Million years old.

Agastya’s crossing to South India is dated with the help of Astronomy around 5000 BC.

The ancestor of Lord Rama, Satyavrata Manu migrated from the South to Ayodhya, where his son Ikshvaku founded the Ikshvaku Dynasty.

Lord Rama performed Pooja to Lord Shiva at Rameswaram after he killed Ravana.

The Tamil origins have been observed in the case of,

Sumerians.

Babylonians,

Minoans,

Mayans,

Aztecs.

Incas,

Polynesians and

Chinese.

But as things stand now, two ancient Histories seem to have been erased memory.

One is Arabia, where one does not have much to know, by being informed that before the arrival of Prophet, the Arabs were savages!

I have posted articles to disprove this by providing information about the connection between Tamils, Tamil God Idol excavation in Oman,Tamil practices and the existence of Shiva Temple in Mecca,

But the African connection is mired in obscurity.

I have  few posts on African connection to Sanatana Dharma.

Now I have come across information that the The African ancestors, Olmecs,who later moved on to America,incidentally these Americans, were also from Tamils, were Tamils.

Features, Language origins point to this.

Ancient Tamil Texts, Tholkaappiyam onwards mention Kumari Kandam, a land mass , since gobbled by a Tsunami, had Africa a part of India as we have it now.

O it could be the other way around.

Though some migration from India, then called Bharatavarsha was through the Northern parts of India, through Afghanistan, Iraq, there was also Migration from the South.

The migration of Hindus to Greece, Africa is from the  south , considering th remains found in these areas are mostly that of Gods more venerated in the South, Shiva, Ganesha and Murugan(Subrahmanya)

Now Read On.

During the 17th century, the famous orientalist Edward Pococke noticed a disturbing similarity between classical Greek and Sanskrit. In his book,India in Greece, he showed that nearly all the place and tribal names of the Greeks had their similar correspondences in Northern India, especially in Afghanistan. The 18th century English scholar, William Jones, discovered the similarity of Sanskrit with many European languages, including Greek and Latin. Godfrey Higgins also supported their views in his two volume work,Anacalypsis. They and other distinguished linguists of the time concluded that non-Africanoid mankind probably originated in India, the Near East, and Siberia. These 17th and 18th century scholars were able to show that place, tribal, and religious names tended to stay the same, no matter how far certain ancient tribes dispersed themselves in different parts of the earth.

In the 1900s, Mexican scholars noted that the Nahuatl language is derived from Sanskrit. Even the word Nahua derives from the Sanskrit word for "sailor:" Nava or Navaja. Like their brother Allemans in Germany, the Olmecs could pronounce "V" only as "W."

 

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In ancient Northern India, a religio-political savant was known as Ma-gul, Mo-gul or Ul-mag, which meant "The Great God Ul." The syllables were interchangeable.

They were also called Eu-lama or Eu-rama (Aram), according to the different tribes' ability to pronounce "R" and "L." Eu = "Great." Rama/Lama = "Priest." Even today, among the Moslems, an Ulama or Ulema is a religious scholar and leader. There was even an ancient Near Eastern nation named Elam.

These distinguished priest scholars were additionally called Ul-man, Olman, or Ul-manu. meaning "Deified Sovereigns of the Earth."

When the non-Africanoid races of mankind left India for other parts of the world, the Ul-mags continued to call themselves Alleman (Germans), Aramean or Aramaic, and Olman, Ulmak or Olmek, in ancient Mexico. It is significant to note that the Phoenician sailor-traders had many names, one of which was Aram (Aramean). The Huichol Indians of Nayarit, Mexico call the port of San Blas Aramara, named after the India-Indian port they left on their voyage to America. Could this account for the name of the Nahuas?

The bible mentions that Solomon imported Almug trees from Sophir which was part of the northwestern coast of India: Sauvira. Scholars tell us that the Almug was really the Sandalwood tree. I'm not disputing that, but I am wondering why the Olmecs called the rubber tree Ulama(k). Just as the India-Indian Almug tree was held to be extremely sacred among the ancient Hindus, so also did the Olmecs revere the sacredness of the Ulama(k) tree.

A Sanskrit name for a particularly viscous sap is Urj. The Olmecs called the sap of their Ulama(k) tree Olli/Ulli. Olli was regarded as a sacred substance of life, like blood. Often, Olli sounded like Ollin because the Nahua-speaking people tended to nasalize the last syllable.

As I have stated, the Olmecs probably could pronounce "R" only as "L." The double "LL" in Spanish is regarded as a separate letter, sounding like Elye or Eljeh, according to the dialect being spoken. For instance, the Argentinians pronounce "Y" plus a vowel, as "J." For that reason, what the ancient Ul-mags or Mo-guls of Afghanistan called Urj, the Olmecs pronounced as Olji/Ulji.

Ulama - the ball game of life and death

The Olmecs played a type of sacred ball game, the name of which was the same as their sacred tree: Ulama. This holy ball game was played by all the Indians of the American Southwest, as far as the northern borders of South America itself...

 

The term Dravidian comes from the Sanskrit term Dravida, historically referring to Tamil Indians. There are three subgroups within the Dravidian language family: South, Central and North Dravidian which correspond to these regions of the Indian subcontinent.

The story goes back even further than this. As a leading proponent of the popular “alternative history” theory, Dr Hromnik contends that Mpumalanga was settled by ancient sea-faring Hindus some 40,000 years ago. They came for the ivory, the gold and the iron and erected temples and astronomical observatories on mountain tops. They built strong stonewalled cities from which they hunted, mined and traded throughout Southern Africa.

Dr. Hromnik believes that these people, who were mainly speakers of Dravidian languages and early Shivites by religion, were responsible for the ancient gold mines found in South Africa, Mozambique and Zimbabwe…

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The legacy of the Hindu empire is still reflected in local place names. Based on 15 years of research and his knowledge of Dravidian history, Dr. Hromnik believes that before the time of Christ, Indian traders named Komates, crossed the Indian Ocean in sailing boats manned by their Indonesian slaves. Like the Dutch East India Company who came later, they were driven by Monsoon trade winds blowing towards Africa and would return on reverse trade winds to India with their gold and ivory. This is supported by Biblical records which tell of the existence of gold and of the ancient gold trade in Africa.

The Komates settled with their Indonesian slaves in these regions, and then gradually moved further inland from the river mouths, seeking gold, and building their temples known as litaku. They mixed with the local !Kung (Bushmen), “the real people,” who are also called the !Kung-San. This gave rise to the Ottentotu (Hottentot).

The legacy of this Hindu empire is still reflected in many local place names. Between Natal, and Mpumalanga, South Africa, near the Swaziland border with South Africa, one finds the name Komati everywhere. This is also the region where Shebe, the richest gold mine in the world, is situated. Komati Gorge, Komati River, Lomati River, Komatiland and Komatipoort. It’s not much of a stretch to see that Komati is a contraction of the name Komates.

It is estimated that there are over 20,000 ancient stone ruins scattered throughout the mountains of southern Africa……

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The Komatis are said to have originally lived in large numbers along the Godavari River, which the locals called Gomati or Gomti. TheSanskrit Gomati was rendered into Telugu as Komati.

Hanumantha Rao noted that the merchant classes preferred Jainism for gaining social status and respectability, and the erstwhile Baniasbecame Gomati or followers of the Gomata cult in medieval times. The story of Vasavi, the caste goddess of the Vaishyas narrated in the Vaishya Purana is said to have definite Jain overtones.

According to Rao, there is an alternative etymology for the word Komti, as the “derivation of the word from gomata, the great Jaina saint, which implies that they were followers of Gomata cult or were originally Jains”.

Dwarakanath Gupta says that “These tradesmen (Beharulu) who hailed from Gouda Desa took to Jainism and adopted the ‘Gomata’ cult. The word Gomata got distorted slowly as Gomatlu, Kommathulu, Komattulu. In the Tamil and Malayalam languages the word ‘Komati’ is in use. These Jain Vysyas slowly gave up Jainism and embraced the Vedic religion during its revival.

 

http://johnlbradfield.com/history/gold-in-south-africa-and-the-ancient-indian-connection/

http://www.viewzone.com/gene.olmec.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arya_Vaishya

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