It is kept at Homes, mostly in Brahmin households and worshiped daily, both early in the morning and in the evening.
Tulsi is considered to be the wife of Lord Vishnu.
Story as follows.
Tulsi plant was a woman named Vrinda (Brinda), a synonym of Tulsi.
She was married to the demon-king Jalandhar.
Due to her piety and devotion to Vishnu, her husband became invincible.
So Shiva requested Vishnu – the preserver in the Trinity – to find a solution.
Vishnu disguised himself as Jalandhar and tricked Vrinda. Her chastity destroyed, Jalandhar was killed by Shiva.
Vrinda cursed Vishnu to become black in colour and he would be separated from his wife.
Vrinda then drowned herself in the ocean.
Eventually Jalandhar was killed by Shiva.
The gods or Vishnu transferred her soul to a plant, henceforth which was called as Tulsi.
As per a blessing by Vishnu to marry Vrinda in her next birth, Vishnu in form of Shaligram – married Tulsi on Prabodhini Ekadashi.
To commemorate this event, the ceremony of Tulsi Vivah is performed.
Another minor legend narrates that Lakshmi – the chief consort of Vishnu – slew a demon on this day and remained on earth as the Tulsi plant.te
Tulsi Marriage Date 2014.
the full moon of the month (Kartik Poornima) but usually it is performed on the eleventh or the twelfth lunar day. The day varies from region to region.
Tulsi puja Mantra Hindi
ऊँ त्रिपुराय विद्महे तुलसी पत्राय धीमहि |
तन्नो: तुलसी प्रचोदयात ||
Tulsi puja Mantra English
Ohm Tripuray Vidmahe Tulsi Patray Dhimahi |
Tanno: Tulsi Prachodayat ||
Tulsi Mantra Hindi
महाप्रसाद जननी सर्वसौभाग्यवर्धिनी |
आधि व्याधि जरा मुक्तं तुलसी त्वाम् नमोस्तुते ||
Tulsi Mantra English
Mahaprasad Janani Sarvasaubhagyavadhini |
Aadhi Vyaadhi Jara Muktam Tulsi Tvaam Namostute ||
Performing Tulsi Vishnu Marriage.
The marriage of Tulsi with Vishnu/Krishna resembles the traditional Hindu wedding.
This ceremony is conducted at homes and at temples.
A fast is observed on the Tulsi Vivah day till evening when the ceremony begins.
A mandap (marriage booth) is built around the courtyard of the house where the Tulsi plant is planted.
The Tulsi plant is usually planted in centre of the courtyard in a brick plaster called Tulsi vrindavana.
It is believed that the soul of Vrinda resides in the plant at night and leaves in the morning.
The bride Tulsi is clothed with a sari and ornaments including earrings and necklaces.
A human paper face with a bindi and nose-ring – may be attached to Tulsi.
The groom is a brass image or picture of Vishnu or Krishna or sometimes Balarama or more frequently the Shaligram stone – the symbol of Vishnu.
The image is clothed in a dhoti. Both Vishnu and Tulsi are bathed and decorated with flowers and garlands before the wedding.
The couple is linked with a cotton thread (mala) in the ceremony.
These mantras formally complete the wedding.
Rice mixed with vermilion is showered by the attendees on Tulsi and Vishnu at the end of the recitation of the mantras with the word “Savadhan” (literally “be careful” implying “You are united now”.
The white curtain is also removed. The attendees clap signifying approval to the wedding.
Vishnu is offered sandalwood-paste, men’s clothing and the sacred thread.
The bride is offered saris, turmeric, vermilion and a wedding necklace called Mangal-sutra, worn by married women.
Sweets and food cooked for an actual wedding are cooked for Tulsi Vivah too. This ceremony is mostly performed by women.
The prasad of sugar-cane, coconut chips, fruits and groundnut is distributed to devotees.
Om shree sakhyai namah
Om shree bhadhraayai namah
Om manognyaanapallavaayai namah
Om puramdharasatheepoojaayai namah
Om punyadhaayai namah
Om punyaroopinyai namah
Om gnyaanavignyaanajananyai namah
Om thaththvagnyaana jananyai namah
Om thaththvagnyaana svaroopinyai namah
Om jaanakeedhuhkhashamanyai namah
Om janaardhanapriyaayai namah
Om sarvakalmashasamhaarryai namah
Om smarakotisamaprabhaayai namah
Om paamchaalipoojyacharanaayai namah
Om paapaaranyadhavaanalaayai namah
Om kaamithaarthapradhaayai namah
Om gaureeshaaradhaasamsevithaayai namah
Om pamdhaarujanamamdhaaraayai namah
Om nilimpaabharanaasakthaayai namah
Om lakshmeechamdhrasahodharyai namah
Om sanakaadhimunidhyeyaayai namah
Om krushnaanamdhajanithrai namah
Om chidhaanamdhasvaroopinyai namah
Om naaraayanyai namah
Om sathyaroopaayai namah
Om maayaatheethaayai namah
Om maheshvaryai namah
Om shubhapradhaayai namah
Om padhanachchavinirdhootha namah
Om raakaapoorna namah
Om nishaakaraayai namah
Om rochanaapamkathilakala namah
Om sannitalabhaasuraayai namah
Om shudhdhaayai namah
Om pallavoshtyai namah
Om madhmamukhyai namah
Om pullapadhmadhalekshanaayai namah
Om chaampeyakalikaakaaranaasaa namah
Om dhamdaviraajithaayai namah
Om mamdhasmithaayai namah
Om mamjulaamgyai namah
Om maadhavapriyakaaminyai namah
Om maanikyakankanaayai namah
Om manikumdala mamdithaayai namah
Om imdhasramvarthinyai namah
Om shakthyai namah
Om imdhragopanibhaamshukaayai namah
Om ksheeraabdhithanayaayai namah
Om ksheerasaagarasambhavaayai namah
Om shaamthikaamthigunopethaayai namah
Om brumdhaanugunasampathyai namah
Om poothaathmikaayai namah
Om poothanaadhisvaroopinyai namah
Om yogidhyeyaayai namah
Om yamganamdhapradhaayai namah
Om chathurvargapradhaayai namah
Om chathurvarnaikapaavanaayai namah
Om thrilokajananyai namah
Om gruhamedhisamaaraadhyaayai namah
Om sadhanaamganapaavanaayai namah
Om muneemdhrahrudhayavaasaayai namah
Om moolaprakruthisamgnyikaayai namah
Om brahmaroopinyai namah
Om paramjyothishe namah
Om aavaajmaanasagocharaayai namah
Om pamchabhoothaathmikaayai namah
Om yogaachyuthaayai namah
Om yagnyaroopinyai namah
Om samsaaradhuhkhashamanyai namah
Om srushtisthimthakaarinyai namah
Om sarvaprapamchanirmaathyai namah
Om vaishnavyai namah
Om madhurasvaraayai namah
Om nireeshvaryai namah
Om nirgunaayai namah
Om nithyaayai namah
Om niraatamkaayai namah
Om dheenajanapaalanathathparaayai namah
Om ranathkimkinikaajalarathna namah
Om kaamcheelasathkatyai namah
Om chalnmamjeeracharanaayai namah
Om chathuraananasevithaayai namah
Om ahoraathrakaarinyai namah
Om mukthaahaaraharaakraamthaayai namah
Om mudhrikaarathnabhaasuraayai namah
Om sidhdhipradhaayai namah
Om amalaayai namah
Om kamlaayai namah
Om lokasumdharyai namah
Om hemakumbha namah
Om kuchadhvayaayai namah
Om lasithakumbhadhvayaayai namah
Om chamchalaayai namah
Om lakshyai namah
Om shreekrushnapriyaayai namah
Om shreeraamapriyaayai namah
Om shreevishnupriyaayai namah
Om shamkaryai namah
Om shivashamkaryai namah
Om thulasyai namah
Om kumdhakutmalaradhanaayai namah
Om pamkvabimjoshtyai namah
Om sharashchamdhrikaayai namah
Om chaampeyanaasikaayai namah
Om kambusumdharagalaayai namah
Om thatillathaamgyai namah
Om maththabambharakumthalaayai namah
Om nakshathranibhanakhaayai namah
Om rambhaanibhoruyugmaayai namah
Om saikathashronyai namah
Om madhakamtiravamadhyai namah
Om keeravaanyai namah
Om kalinaashinyai namah
Om shree mahaathulasyai namah
Benefits of Worshiping Tulasi-devi
Although we can never fully describe the glories of Tulasi-devi, an eternal associate of Lord Krsna. The scriptures give us a hint of the value of worshiping her. The following list comes from the Padma Purana.
Tulasi is the essence of all devotional activities.
The leaves, flowers, roots, bark, branches, trunk, and shade of Tulasi-devi are all spiritual.
One who with devotion applies the paste of Tulasi wood to the Deity of Krsna will always live close to Krsna.
One who puts mud from the base of the Tulasi tree on his body and worships the Deity of Lord Krsna gets the results of one hundred days worship each day.
One who offers a Tulasi manjari to Lord Krsna gets the benefit of offering all other varieties of flowers, and he goes to the abode of Krsna.
One who sees or comes near a house or garden where the Tulasi plant is present gets rid of all his sinful reactions, including that of killing a brahmana.
Lord Krsna happily lives in the house, town, or forest where Tulasi-devi is present.
A house where Tulasi-devi is present never falls on bad times, and it becomes purer than all holy places.
The fragrance of Tulasi-devi purifies all who smell it.
Lord Krsna and all the demigods live in a house where mud from the base of the Tulasi tree is found.
Without Tulasi leaves, Lord Krsna does not like to accept flowers, food, or sandalwood paste.
One who worships Lord Krsna daily with Tulasi leaves attains the results of all kinds of austerity, charity, and sacrifice. In fact, he has no other duties to perform, and he has realized the essence of the scriptures.
One who puts into his mouth or on his head Tulasi leaves that have been offered to Lord Krsna attains Lord Krsna’s abode.
In Kali-yuga, one who worships, remembers, plants, keeps, or performs kirtana before Tulasi burns up all sinful reactions and quickly attains Lord Krsna’s abode.
One who worships Lord Krsna with Tulasi leaves releases all his ancestors from the realm of birth and death.
One who remembers the glories of Tulasi or tells others about them will never take birth again.
The Worship of Srimati Tulasi-devi
For devotees aspiring to enter the eternal realm of Vrindavan, service to Vrinda-devi is essential. Srila Prabhupada stressed this by making Tulasi puja a daily part of our morning program. Tulasi-devi is an expansion of Vrinda-devi in this world. Every morning we pray to Vrinda-devi:
“ye tomara sarana loy tara vancha purna hoy krpa kori koro tare vrndavana-vasi“
“Whoever takes shelter of you, all his desires are fulfilled and by your mercy he becomes a resident of Vrndavana.”
Srimati Tulasi-devi is worshiped in the morning, after mangala-arati, when all the devotees should attend to her worship and circumambulation. First, obeisances are offered to Tulasi-devi with the Tulasi pranama mantra. Following, the Tulasi-puja-kirtana song is sung while Tulasi-devi is offered incense, a ghee lamp, and flowers. When the song is finished, the assembled devotees circumambulate Tulasi-devi four times, offering her water. During the circumambulation we are chanting the mantra: yani kani ca papani brahma-hatyadikani ca / tani tani pranasyanti pradaksinah pade pade. Finally, we again offer obeisances with the Tulasi pranama mantra.
Lectures from Srila Prabhupada
Tulasi leaf is very, very dear to Visnu. All Visnu-tattva Deities require profusely Tulasi leaves. Lord Visnu likes garland of Tulasi leaves. Tulasi leaves mixed with sandalwood pulp and placed on the lotus feet of the Lord is the topmost worship. But we must be very careful that Tulasi leaves cannot be placed on the feet of anyone else except Lord Visnu and His different forms. Tulasi leaves cannot be placed even on the lotus feet of Radharani or on the lotus feet of the Spiritual Master. It is entirely reserved for being placed on the lotus feet of Krsna. We can place, however, Tulasi leaves in the hands of Radharani for being placed on the lotus feet of Krsna. April 7, 1970
Tulasi-devi is a pure devotee of Krsna and she should be treated with the same respect given to all Krsna’s pure devotees. Simply by worshiping her faithfully, a devotee can get himself free from all material miseries. In the Nectar of Devotion I have given two verses from the Skanda Purana, one of which is: “Tulasi is auspicious in all respects. Simply by seeing, simply by touching, simply by remembering, simply by praying to, simply by bowing before, simply by hearing about, or simply by sowing the tree, there is always auspiciousness. Anyone who comes in touch with the Tulasi tree in the above mentioned ways lives eternally in the Vaikuntha world.” January 6, 1972
The following list was compiled from scriptures and from Srila Prabhupada’s instructions.
- Tulasi’s body is spiritual. Although Tulasi appears as many individual trees, she is one person, and she comes wherever she sees devotion to Krsna.
- Every morning devotees should water and pray to Tulasi-devi and circumambulate her three times.
- Worship Tulasi with nice food, flowers, incense, a ghee lamp, and other traditional articles of worship.
- Protect the delicate Tulasi seedlings from birds and insects. It is an offense to turn the seedlings back into the soil.
- In places where Tulasi cannot survive the winters when planted in the ground, provide a suitable house for her.
- Every day provide Tulasi fresh air, water (as needed be careful not to water too much), and sunshine (or plant lights).
- Neglecting to care for or water Tulasi properly is a great offense. Do everything carefully.
- When picking Tulasi leaves, chant the following mantra:
tulasy amrta janmasi
sada tvam kesava-priya
kesavartham cinomi tvam
varada bhava sobhane
“O Tulasi, you were born from nectar. You are always very dear to Lord Kesava. Now, in order to worship Lord Kesava, I am collecting your leaves and manjaris. Please bestow your benediction on me.”
Pick only the leaves that grow next to the manjaris (flowers) and the leaves that are ready to drop (they will turn a pale color) not the new, green ones. Pick the manjaris as soon as they blossom. Avoid letting them go to seed, which takes much energy from the plant that can be used to make more leaves and flowers for Krsna’s service. Pick the leaves one at a time with your fingertips. Don’t shake or stroke the branch and damage healthy leaves. Pick with care and attention. Avoid using cutting tools.
- Never cut or prune Tulasi-devi. This is a great offense. Remove dead branches if absolutely necessary. If branches obstruct a passageway, tie them back, but don’t cut them.
- Pick Tulasi leaves and flowers in the morning, never at night (from sunset to sunrise).
- Never use chemical sprays on Tulasi.
- Collect leaves once in the morning for worshiping Krsna and for putting on the plates of food to be offered to Him. Put at least one leaf on each preparation. Never pick Tulasi leaves for any other purpose than to offer to the Lord.
- Lord Krsna likes garlands of Tulasi leaves. Tulasi leaves mixed with sandalwood pulp and placed on the lotus feet of the Lord is the topmost worship. Do not place Tulasi leaves on the feet of anyone other than Lord Visnu in His various forms. Srimati Radharani can be given a Tulasi leaf in Her hand for offering to Lord Krsna.
- Krsna accepts even dry Tulasi leaves. Tulasi wood (taken after a plant has fully dried naturally) can be used to carve worship paraphernalia, such as beads. Place leftover Tulasi wood within the earth.
- Never use Tulasi leaves or flowers to make teas or juices, even after they’ve been offered to Krsna. It is a great offense to cook or heat Tulasi, or to use her for mundane purposes, such as medicines and ointments.
- Never cut down or pull up living Tulasi plants. This is a great offense.
- Avoid stepping on Tulasi-devi’s shadow.
- Tulasi-devi is very, very dear to the Lord. Therefore, most important is to serve her with love and devotion.