Computer Friendly Sanskrit How NASA Mission Sanskrit


I had made  passing remarks on how Sanskrit sits at the top of world languages and it is Computer Programing Friendly.

How?

Sanskrit for NASA for Mission.jpg
Sanskrit for NASA for Mission.

 

‘Very soon the traditional Indian language Sanskrit will be a part of the space, with the United States of America (USA) mulling to use it as computer language at NASA. After the refusal of the Indian Sanskrit scholars to help them acquire command over the language, US has urged its young generation to learn Sanskrit.( source. http://www.ibtl.in/news/international/1815/nasa-to-echo-sanskrit-in-space-website-confirms-its-mission-sanskrit/)

# संस्कृत बनेगी नासा की भाषा, पढ़ने से गणित और विज्ञान की शिक्षा में आसानी
On visit to Agra, Aurobindo Foundation (Indian Culture) Puducherry Director Sampadananda Mishra told Dainik Jagran about the prospects of Sanskrit. Mishra said, “In 1985, NASA scientist Rick Briggs had invited 1,000 Sanskrit scholars from India for working at NASA. But scholars refused to allow the language to be put to foreign use.”

The NASA website also confirms its Mission Sanskrit and describes it as the best language for computers. The website clearly mentions that NASA has spent a large sum of time and money on the project during the last two decades.”

How Friendly is Sanskrit to Computer Programming.

Given below is our sample sentence.  It appears in the text राजनीतिसमुच्चय authored by आचार्य चाणक्य |

मूर्खः परिहर्तव्यः प्रत्यक्षः द्विपदः पशुः । which means..

A stupid person must be avoided. He is like a two-legged animal in-front of the eyes.

Now, let’s get back to our good old Q & A format.

Q) Are you sure, the English translation you have provided is correct ? Else, why are there only 5 words in the Sanskrit version but so many words in the English version ?
A) Of course, the translation I provided is absolutely correct. But your doubt is also genuine. To know why the Sanskrit version is so economic in the usage of words, we need to first understand it’s structure.

Q) Umm hmm, go on..
A) As mentioned in the first article of the series, the words in Sanskrit represent properties.  So the 5 words used in this sentence also represent properties.
मूर्ख = (the property of being) stupid
परिहर्तव्य = (the property that makes one) avoidable (by others)
प्रत्यक्ष = (the property of being) in front of the eyes
द्विपद = (the property of) having two legs
पशु = (the property of usually being) tethered

But, in spoken language, we always refer to objects and not properties. (The object being referred to need not exist in the real world. It is sufficient if it exists in the speaker’s imagination.)  So we need a way to force the above words to represent objects rather than properties. That way of forcing a word(which represents a property) to represent an object is called vibhakti.

So, मूर्ख represents the property of being stupid, but मूर्खः (which is a vibhakti of the word मूर्ख) represents an object/person who is stupid. Here, मूर्खः is called the first vibhakti of the word मूर्ख | Similarly, परिहर्तव्यः is the first vibhakti of the word परिहर्तव्य | So, we have
परिहर्तव्यः = an object/person who must be avoided
प्रत्यक्षःan object/person located in front of the eyes
द्विपदः = a object/creature having two legs
पशुः = an object/creature who is tethered = a beast or cattle (because usually beast or cattle is tethered)

Q) Hmm, cool. So this sentence has five words which represent 5 properties. But we converted the 5 words into their first vibhaktis. So the 5 new converted words represent 5 objects having those 5 properties. Am I right ?
A) Yes, absolutely.

Q) So far we have 5 different (vibhaktified) words representing 5 different objects having 5 different properties. How does this help in making a meaningful sentence. ?
A) Here comes the climax. There is a rule of Sanskrit Grammar which states that words having the same vibhakti represent the same object and not different objects! So the 5 different (vibhaktified) words actually do not represent 5 different objects, rather they are like pointers that point to the same object because they all have the same vibhakti viz. first vibhakti!”

 

The same mechanism is explained below graphically.

Demo of Sanskrit as Computer freindly.jpg
Demo of Sanskrit as Computer freindly.

Q) Wow! So a typical word in Sanskrit is like class in Java(without methods) and the vibhaktified form of that word is like a pointer to an object of that class. Right ?
A) Yes! You got it.  And not just that. There are actually 8 kinds of vibhaktis in all. In this article, we have considered only the first of those 8 kinds of vibhaktis.

 

Artificial Intelligence.

‘There is at least one language, Sanskrit, which for the duration of almost 1,000 years was a living spoken language with a considerable literature of its own. Besides works of literary value, there was a long philosophical and grammatical tradition that has continued to exist with undiminished vigor until the present century. Among the accomplishments of the grammarians can be reckoned a method for paraphrasing Sanskrit in a manner that is identical not only in essence but in form with current work in Artificial Intelligence. This article demonstrates that a natural language can serve as an artificial language also, and that much work in AI has been reinventing a wheel millenia old.

Computer Programming with Sanskrit.jpg
Computer Programming with Sanskrit.

First, a typical Knowledge Representation Scheme (using Semantic Nets) will be laid out, followed by an outline of the method used by the ancient Indian Grammarians to analyze.

Citation.

Artificial Intelligence

Sanskrit for Computer

Earth will be dark.jpg

Earth Will Be In Darkness NASA Hoax


There are reports that  the Earth will be in complete darkness for six days from December 16 to December 22, 2014.

 

This is being attributed to a severe Solar Storm.

 

NASA has confirmed, these reports say.

 

NASA has confirmed that the Earth will experience 6 days of almost complete darkness and will happen from the dates Tuesday the 16 – Monday the 22 in December. The world will remain, during these three days, without sunlight due to a solar storm, which will cause dust and space debris to become plentiful and thus, block 90% sunlight.

This is the head of NASA Charles Bolden who made the announcement and asked everyone to remain calm. This will be the product of a solar storm, the largest in the last 250 years for a period of 216 hours total. Reporters interviewed a few people to hear what they had to say about the situation with Michael Hearns responding “We gonna be purgin my n*gga, six days of darkness means six days of turnin up fam”.

Despite the six days of darkness soon to come, officials say that the earth will not experience any major problems, since six days of darkness is nowhere near enough to cause major damage to anything. “We will solely rely on artificial light for the six days, which is not a problem at all”, says NASA scientist Earl Godoy. Visit our website daily for more shocking news!”

 

This is Hoax.

 

The more audacious the Lie, more people believe it .

 

I recall in 1962( was it 64), there were reports, Government Media included, that the world would end on a particular day because nine planets would lie in a straight line.

 

I recollect that the Kanchi Paramacharya advising people to chant the Thevaram song,

 

‘;வேயுறு தோளிபங்கன் மிக நல்ல வீணை …’

 

and people were frantically doing that.

 

I also recollect I was disciplined by father and cursed by others for saying that this was a gimmick to promote Thevaram  and being irreverent to the Kanchi Acharya .

 

Then we had the latest Mayan Calendar joke.

 

I posted an article that this was another fraud.

 

Hindu scriptures state that we are in the 5007 year of Kali Yuga, and that it has just started.

 

It has a long way to go.

 

The news that the Earth will be in total darkness for six days is a Hoax.

 

“According to a ‘news’ report that is being distributed via social media, the Earth will experience 6 days of total darkness in December due to a solar storm. Supposedly, NASA chief Charles Bolden confirmed the event and has asked people to remain calm.

The report claims that the 6-day blackout will take place between the 16th and the 22nd of December.

 

However, not surprisingly, the report is fiction. NASA has not announced any impending blackout. No such event is set to occur in December or any other month.

The hoax report comes courtesy of the fake-news website Huzlers. Huzlers fancies itself as satirical and includes the following disclaimer at the bottom of its pages:

Huzlers.com is a combination of real shocking news and satirical entertainment to keep its visitors in a state of disbelief.

The site has been responsible for a string of nonsensical fake-news reports that have spread virally, often causing fear and consternation as they travel. Readers should not believe any of the reports published on the site.”

 

At the rate people fall for stories like this, people may believe a report that the Congress party , Sonia Gandhi,Rajiv Gandhi, Kani Mozhi, A. Raja  and Karuanidhi were not involved in corruption at all.

Citation.

http://www.huzlers.com/nasa-confirms-earth-will-experience-6-days-total-darkness-december-2014/

 

http://www.hoax-slayer.com/fake-news-nasa-6-days-darkness.shtml

Thigh Bone Human Fingers Reptile Spine In Mars


In what is believed to be a  Thigh Bone in Mars by Curiosity over has kindled the interest  in Alien Life.

 

This is the image.

 

 

Femur in Mars,jpg
Femur in Mars, Image cedit. http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/4g1nnrH8qL0/0.jpg

 

For keen alien hunters, the image above – taken by the rover’s MastCam on August 14 – is proof that large animals once roamed Mars, possibly even dinosaurs.

“Simply put this shows that there were some living things on the Mars (sic),” asserts an anonymous editorial writer atNorthern Voices Online, while the popular site UFO Blogger compares the find to previous images of a “fossilized, reptilian spine” and a “human finger”.

The regularity of these ‘finds’ is of course testament not to the once-flourishing wildlife of Mars, but to the human brain’s remarkable capacity to spot patterns in random noise.

This was a handy trait for our ancestors when identifying a potential predator among the primeval foliage, but in modern times it’s more likely to lead only to those little ‘huh’ moments when we spot a face in some inanimate object.

Of course, there is some truth to conspiracy theorists’ hopes of life on Mars, with scientists pointing out last year that the asteroid impact that killed of the dinosaurs could have flung rocks carrying organic matter to the red planet some 66 million years ago.

 

 

 

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/alien-thigh-bone-on-mars-excitement-from-alien-hunters-at-evidence-of-extraterrestrial-life-9685227.html

Sanskrit Best For Artificial Intelligence Study


 

Two languages,Sanskrit and Tamil are the oldest languages of Humanity.

 

Essentials in Artificial  Intelligence.Image.jpg.
Essentials in Artificial Intelligence.

 

While Tamil is in very much vogue, spoken Sanskrit is practically dead, save in a few villages in Maharashtra near Pune and in  Kerala.

 

Both the languages though unique in their own way, they have influenced each other.

 

One of the reasons for these languages being called Rich is the fact that they are as logical as Mathematics and Logical Positivism.

 

Language to be rich should have the capacity to transmit thoughts unambiguously, logically the Human feelings and emotions.

 

This can be achieved in two primary ways.

 

One is that one word indicating a thing or feeling shoudl have as many words as possible to differentiate and convey the exact feeling or thought.

 

Tamil achieves this by possessing as many word as possible to indicate the same thing or feeling.

 

For instance, the word which one uses for” more in Tamil is ‘Athikam/Jaasthi.

 

These words unfortunately are not Tamil.

 

There are Seven  words to convey the meaning with a slight difference.

 

They are,

 

சால, உறு, தவ ,நனி ,கூர் ,கழி, மிகல்.

 

There is a fine distinction between these words .

 

This way Tamil makes sue one expresses feelings exactly.

 

The second is that emotions and thoughts can be expressed through the tone.

 

This Sanskrit achieves by differentiating sounds.

 

Letters have different sounds to differentiate sounds.

 

The sound ‘ka’ as four different tones and this is accommodated in Sanskrit by ascribing four different letters.

 

Depending on he tone, the meanings change.

 

And to make things more clear in a Language, clarity has to be achieved by giving prominence to the Verb.

 

Both Tamil and Sanskrit use this to the maximum advantage.

 

Computer programming needs such clarity of thought and logical sequencing.

 

This becomes more critical in  Artificial Intelligence.

 

Sanskrit has been found to be the most suited for developing Artificial Intelligence.

 

NASA Research papers confirm this.

 

A Report.

 

There is at least one language, Sanskrit, which for the duration of almost 1,000 years was a living spoken language with a considerable literature of its own. Besides works of literary value, there was a long philosophical and grammatical tradition that has continued to exist with undiminished vigor until the present century. Among the accomplishments of the grammarians can be reckoned a method for paraphrasing Sanskrit in a manner that is identical not only in essence but in form with current work in Artificial Intelligence. This article demonstrates that a natural language can serve as an artificial language also, and that much work in AI has been reinventing a wheel millenia old.

 

Semantic Nets
For the sake of comparison, a brief overview of semantic nets will be given, and examples will be included that will be compared to the Indian approach. After early attempts at machine translation (which were based to a large extent on simple dictionary look-up) failed in their effort to teach a computer to understand natural language, work in AI turned to Knowledge Representation.

Since translation is not simply a map from lexical item to lexical item, and since ambiguity is inherent in a large number of utterances, some means is required to encode what the actual meaning of a sentence is. Clearly, there must be a representation of meaning independent of words used. Another problem is the interference of syntax. In some sentences (for example active/passive) syntax is, for all intents and purposes, independent of meaning. Here one would like to eliminate considerations of syntax. In other sentences the syntax contributes to the meaning and here one wishes to extract it.

 

..

It is obvious that the act of receiving can be interpreted as an action involving a union with Mary’s hand, an enveloping of the ball by Mary’s hand, etc., so that in theory it might be difficult to decide where to stop this process of splitting meanings, or what the semantic primitives are. That the Indians were aware of the problem is evident from the following passage: “The name ‘action’ cannot be applied to the solitary point reached by extreme subdivision.”

The set of actions described in (a) and (b) can be viewed as actions that contribute to the meaning of the total sentence, vix. the fact that the ball is transferred from John to Mary. In this sense they are “auxiliary actions” (Sanskrit kuruku-literally “that which brings about”) that may be isolated as complete actions in their own right for possible further subdivision, but in this particular context are subordinate to the total action of “giving.” These “auxiliary activities” when they become thus subordinated to the main sentence meaning, are represented by case endings affixed to nominals corresponding to the agents of the original auxiliary activity. The Sanskrit language has seven case endings (excluding the vocative), and six of these are definable representations of specific “auxiliary activities.” The seventh, the genitive, represents a set of auxiliary activities that are not defined by the other six. The auxiliary actions are listed as a group of six: Agent, Object, Instrument, Recipient, Point of Departure, Locality. They are the semantic correspondents of the syntactic case endings: nominative, accusative, instrumental, dative, ablative and locative, but these are not in exact equivalence since the same syntactic structure can represent different semantic messages, as will be discussed below. There is a good deal of overlap between the karakas and the case endings, and a few of them, such as Point of Departure, also are used for syntactic information, in this case “because of”. In many instances the relation is best characterized as that of the allo-eme variety..

 

Citation of the excerpts from.

 

http://www.vedicsciences.net/articles/sanskrit-nasa.html” href=”//www.vedicsciences.net/articles/sanskrit-nasa.html[/embed]” target=”_blank”>http://www.vedicsciences.net/articles/sanskrit-nasa.html

 

 

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