Tamraparni River Flowed in Lemuria

References in Indian literature might be wished away,if one language mentions a fact.

But it can not be if two languages,which are totally different from each other in Grammar,literature mention the same fact.


Listen as I now recount the isle of Tamraparni below Pandya-desa and KanyaKumari, gemmed upon the ocean. The gods underwent austerities there, in a desire to attain greatness. In that region also is the lake of Gokarna…Pulastya said… Then one should go to Gokarna, renowned in the three worlds. O Indra among kings! It is in the middle of the ocean and is worshipped by all the worlds. Brahma, the Devas, the rishis, the ascetics, the bhutas (spirits or ghosts), the yakshas, the pishachas, the kinnaras, the great nagas, the siddhas, the charanas, the gandharvas, humans, the pannagas, rivers, ocean and mountains worship Uma’s consort there”. Mahabharata. Volume 3. pp. 46-47, 99.’

One must also remember that the culture of people who spoke and wrote in these languages was different,though there is unity lying underneath the surface.

I am referring to Sanskrit,two of the ancient languages of not only of India,but of the world.

These two repeatedly mention the Tamraparani River,now flowing in the south of Tamil Nadu.

Tamraparni is referred to in Tamil Classic Kalithogai and Sanskrit texts.

Tamraparani,aka Thammabanni in Pali flowed into Sri Lanka and Vijaya,the first King of Lanka was from Tamils.

The river flowed into Sri Lanka as well.

Kumari Kandam.image

Kumari kandam

Considering this and Manu having meditated in Madagascar, I postulate that Tamraparni flowed into Lemuria in ancient times and dynasties flourished.

While researching for the material to support my view, I had come across information about the Malaya Mountain, Malayamarutha.

Malayamarutha is often mentioned in the Ramayana and repeatedly in Tamil Literature.

Tamil is so obsessive with Malaya Mountain, even the Gentle breeze is named after it, Malaya Marutham.

This wind is recorded to have emanated from the south.’

Manu meditated in Madagascar

Sakatdvipa was 25,600,000 mile


The 49 lands

This land was divided into 49 Naadu, or territories (probably of the size of small districts) between Kumari river and Pahruli / Prahuli / Pakruli river. These are named as seven coconut territories (Ezhu Tenga Natu), seven Madurai territories (Ezhu Maturai Natu), seven old sandy territories (Ezhu Mun-palai Natu), seven new sandy territories (Ezhu Pin-palai Natu), seven mountain territories (Ezhu Kunra Natu), seven eastern coastal territories (Ezhu Kuna Karai Natu) and seven dwarf-palm territories (Ezhu Kurum Panai Natu). All these lands, together with the many-mountained land that began with Kumari-Kollam, with forests and habitations, were submerged by the sea.

Tamil Nadu was not the whole Tamil Kingdom.

Block quote from,

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamraparni is the reference for this article.

‘an ancient name of a river proximal to Tirunelveli of South India and Puttalam of Western Sri Lanka.A toponym, “Tamraparniyan” is eponymous with the socio-economic and cultural history of this area and its people. Movement of people across the Gulf of Mannar during the early Pandyan and Anuradhapura periods, between the Tirunelveli river of Pothigai, Adam’s Peak and the estuary of the Gona Nadi/Kala Oya river of Northwest Sri Lanka, Java and Sumatra led to the shared application of the name for the closely connected region’s culture.The entire island of Sri Lanka itself was known in the ancient world as “Tamraparni”, with use dating to before the 6th century BC. It is a rendering of the original Tamil name Tān Poruṇai of the Sangam period, “the cool river Porunai”

‘the original Tān Poruṇai river in the Eṭṭuttokai anthlogy, meaning “the cool river Porunai”, to Tān Poruṇdam then Tamira Porunai, to Tamraparni then Tambraparni and now called Thamirabarani River.A meaning for the term following its derivation became “copper-colored leaf”, from the words Thamiram (copper/red) in Tamil/Sanskrit and parani meaning leaf/tree, translating to “river of red leaves”

‘The region stretching to Sri Lanka south of Tirunelveli – the citadel of the Pandyan kingdom around the Tān Poruṇai river in Tamil Nadu – was referred to as Tamraparna by extension in the ancient period; Korkai, one of the Pandyan kingdom’s early capitals and the epicentre of the pearl trade, was located at the river’s mouth.Referring to pearls, Kautilya in his Arthasastra speaks of two varieties, “Pandya-Kavadaka” (of Kavadapuram) and “Thamro Par nika, that which is produced in the Tamraparni”, and notes the Pandya country is famed for its gems and pearls. He describes Tamraparni as “a large river, which went to meet and traverse the sea (samudram avaghate) containing the row of islands”. In the grammar anthology Tolkāppiyam, the Chera king Yanaikatchai Mantaran Cheral Irumporai, a contemporary of Pandyan king Nedunjeliyan II c. 135 AD, is mentioned in the phrase honouring the Lord of the river Tān-Poruṇai thus, Vitar-c-cilai poritta ventan vali, Pun-tan porunai-p-poraiyan vali, Mantaran ceral mannavan vali which describes “Long live the king who engraved in the hill, Long live the lord of the river Porunai filled with flowers and cool water, Long live the King Mantaran Chera”

Manu Ancestor of Germans.

Kashyapa is regarded as the father of humanity. Vivasvan or Surya, son of Kashyapa and Aditi. Vaivasvata Manu, because he is the son of Vivasvan and Saranyu (Saṃjñā). He is also known as Satyavrata and Shraddhadeva.

  1. Brahma
  2. Marichi, one of the 10 Prajapatis created by Brahma.
  3. Kashyapa, son of Marichi and his wife, Kala. Kashyapa is regarded as the father of humanity.
  4. Vivasvan or Surya, son of Kashyapa and Aditi.
  5. Vaivasvata Manu, because he is the son of Vivasvan and Saranyu (Saṃjñā). He is also known as Satyavrata and Shraddhadeva.

The present Manvantara is named after Vaivaswatha.

He is also called Satyavrata Manu.

Forewarned of a Tsunami,Manu who was a King in Dravida Desa,areas south of Vindhya mountains, meditated near Madagascar and then left for Ayodhya with his son ,Ikshvaku, who founded the Ikshvaku,The solar dynasty to which Lord Rama belongs.

Manu .

The term Man is from Manu who is considered to be the First Man.

World abounds in Great Flood legends and one finds it among all Religions,Judaism,Christianity,Islam,Buddhism and also among tribals and Aborigines.

All world Literatures speak of the Great Flood.

So the question of Migration.

Who migrated from where?

I have written quite a few articles on this and the migration seems to have been from  around the present geographical location of India and Madagascar.
One must remeber here that the ancient land mass wzs different from what we find today.

So Manu or his progenies must have been present everywhere and in every culture.

The Germanic Tribes ascribe their ancestry to Manu.

Mannus, according to the Roman writer Tacitus, was a figure in the creation myths of the Germanic tribes. Tacitus is the only source of these myths.

Tacitus wrote that Mannus was the son of Tuisto and the progenitor of the three Germanic tribes Ingaevones, Herminones and Istvaeones. In discussing the German tribes Tacitus wrote:

In ancient lays, their only type of historical tradition, they celebrate Tuisto, a god brought forth from the earth. They attribute to him a son, Mannus, the source and founder of their people, and to Mannus three sons, from whose names those nearest the Ocean are called Ingvaeones, those in the middle Herminones, and the rest Istvaeones. Some people, inasmuch as antiquity gives free rein to speculation, maintain that there were more sons born from the god and hence more tribal designations—Marsi, Gambrivii, Suebi, and Vandilii—and that those names are genuine and ancient. (Germania, chapter 2)’

According to Tacitus‘s Germania (AD 98), Tuisto (or Tuisco) is the divine ancestor of the Germanic peoples. The figure remains the subject of some scholarly discussion, largely focused upon etymological connections and comparisons to figures in later (particularly NorseGermanic mythology.

The Germania manuscript corpus contains two primary variant readings of the name. Root of the word is from the Hindu Vedic ‘Tvasthar’ – father of Manu. The most frequently occurring, Tuisto, is commonly connected to the Proto-Germanic root *tvai – “two” and its derivative *tvis – “twice” or “doubled”, thus giving Tuisto the core meaning “double”. Any assumption of a gender inference is entirely conjectural, as the tvia/tvis roots are also the roots of any number of other concepts/words in the Germanic languages. Take for instance the Germanic “twist”, which, in all but the English has the primary meaning of “dispute/conflict”.

In the historical Vedic religion, Tvaṣṭṛ is the first-born creator of the universe. The Purusha Sukta refers to the Purusha as Tvastr, who is the visible form of creativity emerged from the navel of the invisible Vishvakarman. In the YajurvedaPurusha Sukta and the tenth mandala of the Rigveda, his character and attributes are merged with the concept of Hiranyagharbha/Prajapathy or Brahma.

Brahma was also called Tvashta and that makes Him as the ancestor of Germanic people.

The second variant of the name, occurring originally in manuscript E, reads Tuisco. One proposed etymology for this variant reconstructs a Proto-Germanic *tiwisko and connects this with Proto-Germanic *Tiwaz, giving the meaning “son of Tiu”. This interpretation would thus make Tuisco the son of the sky-god (Proto-Indo-European *Dyeus) and the earth-goddess

Adhitand Thithi were the wives of Kasyapa and Kasyapa’s son was Manu.

This interpretation also points out the origin of Germanic people is Manu.

References and Citations.


Yajneshwara Is The First Avatar of Vishnu

The ten Avatars of Vishnu are as under,though there are minor variations in some Puranas to this list.

The list, according to Vishnu Purana.

Matsya,Koorma,Varaha,Nrusimha,Vamana,Rama,Parashurama,Krishna,Balarama and Kalki.

Vishnu's Discus.

Vishnu’s Discus.gif

Of these, the first four were in the first yuga,Satya Yuga Sandhi.

Of these four, Matsya is taken as the first Avatar of Vishnu.

The Matsya cautioned Manu of the impending Great Flood , asked him to meditate and move away.

By that time Manu had a family and had a son,though adopted, name Yagnya.

This is an Avatar of Vishnu as he is the personification of Yagnya,Sacrifice.

He is Yagnya,head of Yagnya,cause of Yagnya,carrier of Yagnya offering.

‘Yagyo Yagya-Patir-Yajva Yagyango Yagya-Vahanah

Yagyabhrud Yagyakrud Yagyi Yagyabhrug Yagyasadhanah
Yagyanantakrud Yagyaguhyam Annam Annada Eva Cha

_Vishnu Sahasranama.

‘Vishnu has been equated to Yajna (“sacrifice”) as early as in the Vedas. The commenter on the Vedas – Sayana describes Vishnu as the lord of Yajna or the sacrificer himself.Even the Bhagvad Gita associates Vishnu to Yajna (sacrifice). Performing sacrifices is considered to equivalent to pleasing Vishnu.The Vishnu Sahasranama (“Thousand names of Vishnu”) also relates Yajna as a name of Vishnu.

Yajneshwara (“Lord of Yajna”) is mentioned as an avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu in the Bhagavata Purana. As Yajna, Vishnu is the embodiment of the Hindu sacrifice ritual or Yajna.He was also the Indra (king of the gods) of the Svayambhuva Manvantara, era of Svayambhuva Manu.

Yajna is the son of Prajapati Ruci and Akuti, the daughter of Svayambhuva Manu – the first Manu (progenitor of mankind).During the period of Svayambhuva Manu (Svayambhuva Manvantara), there was no qualified Indra, the post of the king of Svarga (Heaven) and king of gods. So, Vishnu incarnated as Yajna and held the post of Indra.

Vishnu Purana tells that Yajna had a twin sister named Dakshina (“donation”). Later, Yajna married Dakshina and had twelve sons. These twelve Devas (gods) are collectively called the Yāmas ( https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yajna_(avatar)


Despite of the fact that Âkûti had brothers, she was handed over to the great sage Ruci on the condition that the king would get the resultant son. This was settled with the support of religious rites and the consent of his wife.


Ruci, the most powerful great sage who was entrusted with the procreation, in his supreme concentration begot a pair of children by her who were of the greatest spiritual and brahminical strength.


The very powerful son the daughter bore was taken to the home of the very happy Svâyambhuva Manu, while Dakshinâ was kept by Ruci.’

  1. Yagna and Dakshina got married subsequently and had 12 sons known as Tushita demigods in Swayambu manu’s time (Tosha, Pratosha, Santosha, Bhadra, Sânti, Idaspati, Idhma, Kavi, Vibhu, Svahna, Sudeva and Rocana) Yagna the Indra then. And Marichi head of sages
  2. Source.
  3. http://vipasana-vidushika.blogspot.in/2013/04/families-of-manu-kardama-prajapathi-and.html

It is yet another pointer to Sanatana Dharma being present in the south much earlier to Vedic period.

The philosophical explanation of Yagnya follows in another article.

I have noticed that the name Yagnyanarayanan is present in South India , among Brahmins.

As this Avatar preceded Matsya, which took place after Manu had a family,Yagneswara is the first Avatar of Vishnu.


Cholas Ancestors of Rama?

The genealogy of Manu is very interesting.

Manu is reported to be the first Man.

Hence the name Manusha(Sanskrit),Manithan(Tamil), Man (English).

Manu meditated in Madagascar while a Tsunami struck and His son Ikshvaku left for Ayodhya with his sons.

His son Ikshvaku founded the Ikshvaku dynasty ,the Solar Dynasty , to which Lord Rama belongs.


But what happened to Manu’s daughters?

A detailed research reveals interesting information.

Manu had a daughter Ila.

She was married to Chandra,Moon and the offspring was Budha.

While many versions of the tale exist, Ila is usually described as a daughter or son of Vaivasvata Manu and thus the sibling of Ikshvaku, the founder of the Solar Dynasty. In versions in which Ila is born female, she changes into a male form by divine grace soon after her birth. After mistakenly entering a sacred grove as an adult, Ila is either cursed to change his/her gender every month or cursed to become a woman. As a woman, Ilā married Budha, the god of the planet Mercury and the son of the lunar deity Chandra (Soma), and bore him a son called Pururavas, the father of the Lunar dynasty. After the birth of Pururavas, Ilā is transformed into a man again and fathered three sons.

In the Vedas, Ilā is praised as Idā (Sanskrit: इडा), goddess of speech, and described as mother of Pururavas. ‘

She begot a son Pururavas.


Hence the descendants of this Dynasty were called the Lunar Dynasty, Chandra Vamsa.

The Kuru Dynasty of Mahabharata,which was named after one of the ancestors.

Manu had a grand daughter through his daughter called Dakshina,one meaning of the term is South.

It is probable that she was the founder of the Lunar Dynasty , she was also called Ila.

Ila’s son was called Ellalan,who ruled the south.

Ellalan in Tamil means ‘one who rules the boundaries’

He was a king of the present Sri Lanka.

Mahavamsa of Sri Lanka records that he was a Chola and a noble king.


He was also called as Manu Needhi Chola, A Chola King in Dravida Desa.



Now there is the famous Emperor Sibi who belonged to Solar Dynasty.


His date preceds Rama’s.

‘The words “Kumari Kandam” first appear in Kanda Puranam, a 15th-century Tamil version of the Skanda Purana, written by Kachiappa Sivacharyara (1350-1420).[3] Although the Tamil revivalists insist that it is a pure Tamil name, it is actually a derivative of the Sanskrit words “Kumarika Khanda”.The Andakosappadalam section of Kanda Puranam describes the following cosmological model of the universe: There are many worlds, each having several continents, which in turn, have several kingdoms. Paratan, the ruler of one such kingdom, had eight sons and one daughter. He further divided his kingdom into nine parts, and the part ruled by his daughter Kumari came to be known as Kumari Kandam after her. Kumari Kandam is described as the kingdom of the Earth. Although the Kumari Kandam theory became popular among anti-Brahmin anti-Sanskrit Tamil nationalists, the Kanda Puranam actually describes Kumari Kandam as the land where the Brahmins also reside, where Shiva is worshipped and where the Vedas are recited. The rest of the kingdoms are described as the territory of the mlecchas.[5]

He ruled from the north and conquered the south, defeating his maternal cousins.

This is recorded in the Temple history of Thiruvellarai, temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu as Pundarikaksha.

Please read my detailed article on this.

This Vishnu temple is older than Sri Rangam Ranganatha Temple in Tamil Nadu.

Ramayana records that Vibhishana requested the Idol of Lord Ranganatha from Lord Rama and though Rama gave him, Vishnu,Ranganatha stayed back at Sri Rangam, where He faces Sri Lanka.

So the Cholas were the ancestors of Rama and not the other war around.

(I have written earlier that Cholas were descendants of Rama. As this blog is research oriented I write as I come by evidence. So there is updation and clarification and there is no contradiction.)

Considering the facts,

‘Manu left for the North because of A Tsunami

Tamil is an ancient language of India which runs parallel to Sanskrit.

A Million year old site found near Chennai records an advanced Tamil civilization.

The sunken harbor of Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu, which is spoken of in detail in the Tamil Epic Cilappadikaram,is dated 20,000 years ago..

Such an old culture refers to Sanskrit and Sanskrit in turn refers to Tamil.

Then there is Sage Agastya who is present both in Tamil and Sanskrit.

So is Sage Valmiki who is considered to be a Siddha and has written poems in Tamil.

Such an intimacy between Sanatana Dharma and Tamils, yet there are differences though they present a unified picture!

This has been a question I have been seeking  an answer to.

The fact that Manu was from the South, Dravida.

  • One has to remember that the landmass in those ancient days was different and it has no relevance to what we call as North or South India now…

Lord Rama refused to fight against the Lemurians while he was fighting the Atlantis people saying that Lemurians were his ancestors,

Ravana,s ancestors Malyavan and Kubera were also from the area we now call as Lemuria


It may be noted that,

Shiva worship  in the Dravida desa  preceded Vedic  period,

The Tamils though a part of Sanatana Dharma , their methods of worship of Shiva was different,

The Siddha system and Yoga pre date Patanjal’s Yoga Sutra.

The influence of Tamil mode of worship in fareastern countries is greater than Vishnu worship.


It stands to reason to postulate thar the Cholas preceded Ramayan and this can also be confirmed by the fact tha Tamil Kings were present during Damayanti’s Swayamvar.

Nala and Damayanti predate Rama.

One may also note thar there is Ila people in Zambia.

A tribe in Cameroon still speak Tamil.

Hittie civilization has its in Tamils.

The genealogy of Manu dynasty .

Maitreya said: Svāyambhuva Manu begot three daughters in his wife Śatarūpā, and their names were Ākūti, Devahūti and Prasūti.

SB 4.1.2: Ākūti had two brothers, but in spite of her brothers, King Svāyambhuva Manu handed her over to Prajāpati Ruci on the condition that the son born of her be returned to Manu as his son. This he did in consultation with his wife, Śatarūpā.

SB 4.1.3: Ruci, who was very powerful in his brahminical qualifications and was appointed one of the progenitors of the living entities, begot one son and one daughter by his wife, Ākūti.

SB 4.1.4: Of the two children born of Ākūti, the male child was directly an incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and His name was Yajña, which is another name of Lord Viṣṇu. The female child was a partial incarnation of Lakṣmī, the goddess of fortune, the eternal consort of Lord Viṣṇu.

SB 4.1.5: Svāyambhuva Manu very gladly brought home the beautiful boy named Yajña, and Ruci, his son-in-law, kept with him the daughter, Dakṣiṇā.

SB 4.1.6: The Lord of the ritualistic performance of yajña later married Dakṣiṇā, who was anxious to have the Personality of Godhead as her husband, and in this wife the Lord was also very much pleased to beget twelve children.

SB 4.1.7: The twelve boys born of Yajña and Dakṣiṇā were named Toṣa, Pratoṣa, Santoṣa, Bhadra, Sānti, Iḍaspati, Idhma, Kavi, Vibhu, Svahna, Sudeva and Rocana.

SB 4.1.8: During the time of Svāyambhuva Manu, these sons all became the demigods collectively named the Tuṣitas. Marīci became the head of the seven ṛṣis, and Yajña became the king of the demigods, Indra.

SB 4.1.9: Svāyambhuva Manu’s two sons, Priyavrata and Uttānapāda, became very powerful kings, and their sons and grandsons spread all over the three worlds during that period.

SB 4.1.10: My dear son, Svāyambhuva Manu handed over his very dear daughter Devahūti to Kardama Muni. I have already spoken to you about them, and you have heard about them almost in full.

SB 4.1.11: Svāyambhuva Manu handed over his daughter Prasūti to the son of Brahmā named Dakṣa, who was also one of the progenitors of the living entities. The descendants of Dakṣa are spread throughout the three worlds.’


Please read my articles on Daksha in Antarctica.

Eleven Vedic Brahmin Law Makers Of Gotra Smritis

I have been receiving quite a few mails as to which  procedure to follow in the case of Brahmin Rituals.

And which Veda is the Authority on these issues?

Lineage Hinduism

Gotra, Lineage Hinduism

The answer is Vedas do not speak of these codes.

Vedas are the Fundamental truths expressed by the Seers as they grasped them intuitively..

Vedas have two aspects.

Gnana Kanda, which talks about The Knowledge of Reality .and the ways of attaining the Reality.

Karma Kanda deals with the duties relating to various stages of life, that of,

Brahmacharya,The Celibate,

Gruhstha, The married,

Vanaprastha, Retired and meditating Life and

Sanyasa, relinquishing of everything mundane.

These stages are called Asramas, Stages of Life……

All in  pursuit of Reality,Brahman

But Varna, which is incorrectly translated as Caste, is based on Dispositions.

They are four.



Vaisya and


Smritis, which came later to Vedas codified the Karma Kanda  in conjunction with the Gnana Kanda.

Relevant portions of the Vedic Duties which would suit the individual’s disposition and also a group with the same disposition were organised and presented as Smritis.

There are quite a few number of Smritis to be followed .

Though all the Smritis state from the Vedas, and each one of them is an authority for all the Varnas, it is traditional for some groups to follow a specific Smriti.

Kashtriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras are to follow Manu Smriti.

Though Brahmins  are expected to follow Manu Smriti, it is traditional to follow eleven Smritis, including Manu Smriti.

However in case of a conflict between Manu Smriti and the other Ten Smritis, it is traditional to follow any one of them overlooking the Manu Smriti.

The reason is that Manu Smriti addresses mostly the issues of the duties of  king and other Varnas,though Brahminical Duties are also detailed.,it does not deal exhaustively with the procedures of Karmas as in the other Smritis.

The Eleven Smritis Brahmins are expected to Follow are,

Apasthambha: Apasthambha, a native of Andhra Country, belonged to Krishnayajurveda School. He belonged to fifth century BC. Apasthambha’s teachings are called Apasthambhasutra orApasthambhasmriti.

( *  Apasthamba came from the Lineage of Viswamitra and codified the Smriti by taking some practices from Tamil Culture and incorporated in his Smriti, Like Thalli or Mangal Sutra which is not found in the Vedas and Thaali is a Unique concept of the Tamils)
     Baudhayana: Baudhayana also belonged to Krishnayajurveda School and was an inhabitant of Andhra Country. Baudhayana’s teachings are called Baudhayanasutra or Baudhayanasmriti.
     Brihaspati: Brihaspati was probably the first jurist to make a clear distinction between civil and criminal justice. Yajnavalkya referred to Brihaspati.  However, Brihaspati is considered to belong to 200-400 AD.  Brihaspatismriti has a lot of similarities with Dhammathats of Myanmar (Burma).
   Gautama: Gautama was the most ancient sage of all Brahmin lawgivers. He was quoted by Baudhayana and belonged to Samaveda School.  Gautama’s teachings are called Gautamasutra orGautamasmriti.
    Harita: Baudhayana and Vasishta in their Dharmasutras quote Harita.  Haritasmriti or Haritasutra is an extensive work.
   Katyayana: Yajnavalkya mentions Katyayana. Katyayanasmriti is quoted in several works of Viswarupa, Mitramisra etc.  Smriti Chandrika cites 600 verses of Katyayanasutras. He may belong to the same period as Narada and Brihaspati.
    Manu: Manu is a mythical personality and is the ancestor of the entire humankind.  Manu received the code from Brahma, and communicated it to ten sages and requested Bhrigu rishi to repeat it to the other nine.  This code of conduct recited by Bhrigu is called Manusmriti.  For convenience, the British took Manusmriti as the paramount law of the Indian Continent.Manudharma is not only revered by Brahmins and Hindus, but also by Buddhists in Java, Siam and Myanamar.  Manusmriti was composed around 200 BC, around which time a revival of Brahminism took place under the rule Sungas in the North India.
   Narada: Sage Narada was probably a native of Nepal around first century AD.  Naradasmriti is the first legal code unhampered by the mass of religious and moral teachings. Some authors think that Narada belonged to Gupta period when there was a distinct revival of Brahminism and Sanskrit literature.
    Vasishta: Vasishta belonged to 3rd century BC and a native of North India. Vasishta’s teachings are called Vasishtasutra or Vasishtasmriti.
    Vishnu: Vishnu belonged to 1st or 2nd century AD. Vishnu’s teachings are called Vishnusutra or Vishnusmriti.
   Yajnavalkya: Yajnavalkya belonged to Suklayajurveda School.  He was a native of Mithila City in North Bihar and probably lived anywhere from few centuries before Christ to 200 AD.  However, some scholars think he belonged to first or second century AD.  Yajnavalkya Dharmasmriti has been subject of numerous commentaries. The most celebrated of all the commentaries ofYajnavlkyasmriti is Mitakshara and is practically the beginning of the Brahmin law and the so-called Hindu law.  Passages from Mitakshara have been found practically in every part of the Indian Continent and became an authority.  The Yajnavlkyasmriti is concise, more systematic and better arranged than the Manusmriti. From early times, commentators like Viswarupa, Vijnaneswara, Apararka, Sulapani, Mitramisra etc., from every part of India selected the Yajnavalkyasmriti as the basis of their commentaries.  Passages from Yajnavalkyasmiriti appeared in Panchatantra. ‘

Even among these ten, one has to follow what one’s family has been following as our ancestors had taken into account the Brnch of the Vedas, Pravaras into consideration and followed a specific Smriti.”

  • Gotras are after the Saptha Rishis, The Seven Seers.

Please read my article on Rishis, Gotras.

Reference and Citation.