Though many books and articles have used and are using Ramani’s blog as one of the sources to validate ancient thoughts, I am particularly happy when Scientists take reference to my articles.
Lord Narayana describes the inner meaning and procedures of the Gayatri Manta to Sage Narada.
The Gayatri mantra is from the Rig Veda.
The Gāyatrī Mantra, also known as the Sāvitrī mantra, is a highly revered mantra from the Rig Veda (Mandala 3.62.10)
Narayana explains Gayatri from Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas.
I am providing the Armor of the Gayatri Mantra.
This forms the Nyasa.
This is the Kavacha one has before chanting the Gayatri Mantra.
Now hear the Risis, Chhandas, etc., of this Kavacha :–
Brahmâ, Visnu and Mahes’vara are the Risis;
the Rik, Yajus, Sâma and Atharva Vedas are the Chhandas;
the Paramâ Kalâ Gâyatrî of the nature of Brahmâ is the Devatâ;
“Tat” in Gâyatrî is the Vîja; “Bharga” is the S’akti; and “Dhîyah” is the Kîlaka; and its viniyoga (application) is in getting the Moksa (liberation.).
With the first four syllables touch the heart; with the next three letters touch the head;
with the next four letters touch the tuft on the crown of the head; with the next three
letters on the Kavacha; with the next four letters on the eyes and with the last four letters
make the Nyâsa, all over the body repeating “Astrâya Phat,” O Nârada! Hear now the
Dhyânam of Gâyatrî, that grants all desires.
The Gâyatrî Devî has five faces; one of which is of white colour; and the other four is of pearl, Vidruma, golden, and Nîlakântamani colour respectively.
Each face has got three eyes; on the head there is a crown of jewels and the digit of the Moon is shining there. Her body is composed of the twenty-four tattvas.
She has ten hands :– On the top right and left hands there are two lotuses; lower down, there are disc and conch shell; lower down, there are rope and skull; lower down, there are noose and goad; and on the bottom hands right and left she is making signs of “No fear” and “ready to grant boons.”
Thus meditating on S’rî Gâyatrî, one is to recite the Kavacha thus :–
Let the Gâyatrî Devî protect my front; Sâvitrî Devî protect my right;
the Sandhyâ Devî, my back and
the Devî Sarasvatî, my left.
Let my Mother Pârvatî Devî protect my quarters.
Let Jalas’âyinî protect the southeast;
Yâtudhâna Bhayankarî protect my South-west;
Pavamânavilâsinî my north-west;
Rudrarûpinî Rudrânî protect my north-east.
Let Brahmânî protect my top and
Vaisnavî protect my nether regions
. Let the word “Tat” in the Gâyatrî protect my legs;
“Savituh” protect my Knees;
“Varenyam,” protect my loins;
“Bhargah,” my navel.
Let “Devasya” protect my heart;
“Dhîmahî” protect my neck;
“Dhîyah,” protect my eyes;
“Yah,” protect my forehead;
“Nah” protect my head; and
“Prachodayât” protect the tuft on the crown of my head.
Again let the “Tat” of the twenty-four syllabled Gâyatrî protect my head;
“Sa,” protect my forehead;
“Vi” protect my eyes;
“Tu” my cheeks;
“Va,” protect my nostrils;
“Re,” my mouth;
“ni” protect my upper lip;
“Yah” protect my lower lip;
“Bha” within my face;
“rgo,” protect my cheeks;
“De,” my throat; “Va” my shoulders;
“Sya” my right hand;
“Dhi” my navel;
“ma,” my heart,
“Hi,” my belly;
“Dhî,” my navel;
“Yo” my loins;
“Yo”, my anus;
“nah,” my thighs,
“Pra,” my Knees;
“Cho” my shanks ,
“Da” my heels;
“Yâ” my legs;
and let “at” protect all my sides.
O Nârada! This divine Kavacha of the Devî Gâyatrî can baffle hundreds and thousands of obstructions and evils; can grant sixty-four Kalâs and liberation. By the glory of this Kavacha, man can become free from all evils and can attain the state of Brahmâ. Moreover whoever reads or hears this acquires the fruits of making a gift of a thousand cows.
( Devi Bhaavatham,Book 12,Chapter 3, Slokas to 25)
I often receive emails on the issue of Impotency among both sex.
Sad part is that all are below 35 years.
I plan to write in detail on this issue on the reasons and how this can be solved by change in mental attitudes , Diet and change in lifestyle.
This will address the issue of those who are perfectly healthy .
However there are instances where there are problems relating to Sperm Count, inability of women, Fallopian tube issues and the like.
There are many Mantras to address this issue.
Here I shall detail the procedure for the Mantra from the Soundarya Lahari.
Adi Shankaracharya and Lord Ganesha(upto the 43 sloka) have hidden the fifty one aksharas of Devi in some slokas.
One such sloka is meant to cure Impotency and the issues I have mentioned above.
1.Have Devi, preferably, Lalitha Tripura Sunadri or Lalitha Devi Idol or photo.
Draw Rangoli on the ground with Rice flour .
Place a wooden plank wih legs on this and draw Rangoli on this also.
Have a Yantra prepared in Gold as found in the image below.
The weight of Gold depends on your budget.
2.Adorn it with flowers, both the Yantra and the Idol/image.
Apply Sandalwood paste and Kumkum to the image or idol and the Yantra.
3. Have as many number of flowers as the number of times you plan to chant the sloka.
वसन्तः सामन्तो मलयमरु-दायोधन-रथः ।
तथाप्येकः सर्वं हिमगिरिसुते कामपि कृपां
अपाङ्गात्ते लब्ध्वा जगदिद-मनङ्गो विजयते ॥
5. This should be performed by both husband and wife together(both chanting together)
6. Begin on a Shukla Shashti.
7. This has to be done early in the morning, preferably between 4. 30 and 6.
8.Perform this for 21 days.
9.Number of times the sloka to be chanted per day 500 ( five hundred).
10.Naivedya or offering to God daily after the chant is over andcAarthi performed.
Offerings: 21 Bits of sugarcane, milk gruel, betels and slices of areca nut with spices like clove, cardamom.
Other than sugarcane pieces other offerings minimum.
Partake offering , both husband and wife.
Diet. No Alcohol, non vegetarian food, onion or garlic.
Take milk and fruits in the night.
Do not disclose the mantra to others.
If periods ensue during this period, wife is not to chant the mantra for five days.
Free Will or Determinism?
Which runs the individual’s life?
This is question that engages all religious thoughts.
Do we have Free Will to do anything?
Or everything is preordained?
In the latter case, one does not accumulate sins because everything is determined.
Equally baffling is the application of Free Will.
Simple analysis of the operation of Free Will in our Lives, without engaging ourselves about Free Will in philosophical terms, would show we are not free.
When we perform an action, choices presented to us are limited.
We do not have access to ALL options.
We act on the basis of choices presented to us at a given point of time.
Hence we have Free Will as well as we are Limited.
kāyena vācā manasendriyair vā
karoti yad yat sakalaṁ parasmai
nārāyaṇāyeti samarpayet tat
Word for word:
kāyena — with the body; vācā — speech; manasā — mind; indriyaiḥ — senses; vā — or; buddhyā — with the intelligence; ātmanā — the purified consciousness; vā — or; anus ta — followed; svabhāvāt — according to one’s conditioned nature; karoti — one does; yat yat — whatever; sakalam — all; parasmai — to the Supreme;nārāyaṇāya iti — thinking, “This is for Nārāyaṇa”; samarpayet — he should offer; tat — that.
In accordance with the particular nature one has acquired in conditioned life, whatever one does with body, words, mind, senses, intelligence or purified consciousness one should offer to the Supreme, thinking, “This is for the pleasure of Lord Nārāyaṇa.”
( Srimad Bhagvtham 11.2.36) explained by Rishaba to Nimi of Rama’s dynasty’
Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I’m a member) uses another verse called the Sattvika Tyaga for much the same purpose:
bhagavan eva svaniyamya sva-śeṣa-bhūtena maya
sva-ārādhana-eka-prayojanāya idam (name of the karma)
svasmai svaprītyai svayam eva karayati |
The auspicious deity, exerting control on himself, using me (his other part) as an instrument, himself effects , with his pleasure/ worship being the only purpose.
In the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna tells Krishna,
‘You assert that the cycle of birth and death is because of one’s action and its repurcussions thereof.
If one were to desist from performing action, is he not freed from the results of action and its reactionKarma Phala?
‘ There is nothing in the world that is not Mine nor does anything take place withiut Me.
There is nothing I desire for everything is Mine.
Yet I am here performing Duties?
It is because of Swabhava, one’s disposition.
Once born , he is impelled by his disposition.
He can not escape from action, it may even be breathing.
Even that is an action and it attracts karma phala’ reaction.
So one is not free.
YET one is endowed with Buddhi, power of discrimination to choose from options available to him’
One has freedom to express himself , impelled by his disposition, which he can not avoid yet he has the choice to perform righteously.
Reference and citation.
What is sound?
How is it created?
Sound is that which is perceived by the ears.
It is known by our recognising it.
As is the case with all Perception, be it sight,touch or smell.
Whether they have their existence other than being perceived by us is a great philosophical question and this issue is the reason for various ‘isms’
Idealism, Empiricism,Rationalism,Pragmatism and Logical Positivism.
For more on this please read my post Perception.
Now to Sound.
It exists in Nature and some sounds instill Fear, some serenity.
Thunder instils fearvwhile the slapping of the waves soothes.
Sounds by Nature has qualities inherent in them.
Sound, ,according to Science,is produced because of Vibration/Resonance.
There is also a view that Sound produces Resonance..
One may never know.
Hinduism assigns important position to Sound.
Universe is in Constant Motion and consequently Sound is present since The Universe was born.
In Hindu thought, the Universe is Eternal and so is Sound.
Sound coexists with Universe.
Sound has Rhythm and Scale.
Nadha is Sound and its Rhythm is Nature.
It is described as an Attribute of Reality in the Upanishads.
Reality is described as Nadha Brahman.
Sound is different from Ether or Akasa
Akasa is the carrier of Energy including Sound.
Akasa is the energy source.
Article on Akasa, Energy source, Hinduism and Quantum follows.
Sound is grasped intuitively and remembered mentally.
Sound as grasped from Ehter directly by the Rishis are known as Mantra.
These are mystical.
When we attempt to write the sound, it may not convey the sound grasped.
Language is born of Sound and not the other way.
Hence Mantras, including the Vedas, were transmitted orally.
Vedas, the Scripture of Hindus are to be leant bt Hearning and not by writing or Reading.
The intonation is to be perfect.
When people started using the method of writing the grasped sounds, Mantras, were expressed through alphabets,in Hinduism Sanskrit.
Sanskrit produces the near perfect intonaton of the sound, as an attribute of Reality and hence Sanskrit is called the language of Gods, Deva Basha.
There are different types of Mantras.
1. Mantras one follows as enjoined in the Vedas and by Family traditions as a part of daily activity.
2. This type is to ward off or tide over or get relief from a specific problem.
3. The Mantra for spiritual development.
The first one is mandatory, without which all the other Mantras would not yield better results.That is the reason it is insisted that at least Sandhyavandan is performed daily for the Mantras to deliver results
The second one that is the one used for a specific issue becomes of no use once the problem is resolved.
Preferable one learns Mantras through hearing.
However there are also written forms.
The letters in Sanskrit are called Aksharas, meaning limitless.
The combination of letters, Aksharas locked mystically become Mantras.
There are two types of Aksharas.
One is the letters is a Mantra and the other is
the Root letter to which are bound the other letters of a Mantra.
This Root letter is called Beejakshara and it is held as a secret.
For Mantras to be efective one need not know the Beejaksharas.
Powerful slokascand Mantras deliver results because the Beejaksharas are embedded in them.
Soundaryalahari by Adi Shankaracharya contains 51 Aksharas of Devi embedded secretly in the slokas.
Mantrass should be initiated by a Guru.
In exceptional cases one can take the Mantra worshipping Family Deity and keepingShiva/Subrahmanya/Krishna as Guru.
Mantras are not to be translated.
Nor should one divulge the Mantra or thecreason for reciting it to others.
‘The bija mantras of the main chakras are given in the following table:
Mantras Chakra Physical location
Lam Mooladhara Perineum
Vam Swadhisthana Base of the spine
Ram Manipura Navel centre
Yam Anahata Heart centre
Ham Vishudhi Throat
Om Ajna Eyebrow centre
Chakra Beej Mantras
A, Aa, E, Ee, O, Oo etc are all vowels and are spoken with sounds that come from within i.e: stomach, buzzing in the ear, nasal tones, tongue rolling etc. each of which stimulates one part of the body or other thereby corresponding to a chakra.
Chakras have different tones and move and different frequencies, the root being the slowest and most dense to Ajna or third eye chakra being the fastest . The beej mantra or single seed syllable of the chakra balances the chakra and thereby purifies it.
|Chakra||Beej Mantra||Associated Planet||Presiding lord||Goddess|
|Muldhara-||LAM||Shani and Uranus but elements of Sun||Ganesha with Siddhi and Buddhi||Dakini|
|Svadhisthana||VAM||Guru/Jupiter and Neptune, but elements of moon & venus||Brahma in child form with Savitri||Rakini|
|Manipura||RAM||Mangal/Mars and Pluto, with elements of jupiter||Vishnu||Garbha and Kundalini chakras are associated. Lakini|
|Anahata||YAM||Venus but elements of sun and mercury||Mahadeva in rudra form with Uma||Kakini|
|Vissudhi||HAM||Mercury but elements of jupiter||Jiva and Adya sakti||Shakini|
|Ajna||OM||Moon mainly but elements of Sun||Parannath and Param Sakti , Hamsa Devata and sushmana sakt||Siva and Sakti|
If one follows Devi Mantra one is likely to hear the tinkling of Anklet bells or bell. These symptoms are indicative that the Mantra procedure is being followed correctly. And during this period one may develop some powers like the ability to cure.One should not be taken in by these, but concentrate in continuing the .Mantra. These are the side effects of the Mantra.
One should not be side tracked by these.
This will hamper spiritual growth.
What is Tantra?
It is a very complicated subject and a dangerous one too for the uninitiated.
I have refrained from writing on this lest some may start practicing it with out understanding the implications.
I seem to have referred to the Tantra in some of my articles.
I have been receiving mails on this and some of them are disturbing in the sense that it might affect some who venture to practice it.
( Image By toyin adepoju – the_birth_of_ten_mahavidyas_with_shiva_parvati_dk47.jpg, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16543786)
And there is this accusation that Tantra is basically sex oriented and many indulge in it for Orgies.
I have been meaning to write on Tantra as Password protected , paid articles to restrict access.
I shall do so some time in future.
In the mean while I was worried about some youngsters(Male and Female) asking me whether they can perform Yoni/Linga Pooja.
I have decided to out line what Tantra is.
Do not practice Tantra unless initiated by a Guru .
As I have indicated in many of my articles a real Guru will find you if you are ardent enough.
There are various ways to realize Self/God.
Gnana Yoga, Path of Knowledge,at the mental level,
Bhakti Yoga,Surrendering to God, emotional Level,
Karma Yoga,path of action, Physical and mental level and
Raja Yoga, reaching the mental discipline through Physical control/regulation.
These were developed by Rishis by personal experience.
It is not mandatory that that all of them suit an individual.
As there are as many dispositions among people there are many paths.
So they differ and what suits one may not suit another.
There is no blanket solution.
One’s mental capacity and wisdom level is to be understood and dispositions analysed before any of the procedures are recommended.
Hence a Guru is needed.
Who is a Guru?
A realized soul who dispassionately analyses you and offer solutions and he does not advertise himself nor does he seek any thing in return.
For more on this read my post who is a Guru.
Self realization is a personal goal and can be attained only by personal experience.
So when one practices any of the methods of Yoga mentioned above, one comes across some practices which have been productive and they are handed down to us.
It need not be conducive to our disposition.
One such practice is Tantra.
There are various practices, Sadhanas in following in any of the four Yogas.
Mantra, mystically locked Sounds,
Yantra. Geometric images to concentrate with the aid of the Mantras, and Tantras.
Apart from these, which come under Raja yoga and Karma yoga, there are slokas and Stuthis.
Slokas and Stuthis may be followed by any one.
Not Mantra, Yantra and Tantra.
A severe discipline is needed.
These need Guru Upadesa.
However there are some Mantras that can be used without a Guru but by taking Subrahmanya, Dakshinamurthy or Krishna as Guru.
I have posted such Mantras.
Tantra does not find a place in Vedas.
They are found in Agamas and even this is not confirmed.
As stated earlier, these are individual tools obtained while performing any of the four yogas.
Second-hand knowledge of the self gathered from books or gurus can never emancipate a man until its truth is rightly investigated and applied; only direct realisation will do that. Realise yourself, turning the mind inward. – Tripura Rahasya, 18: 89
Tantra (Sanskrit: तन्त्र), also called Tantrism and Tantric religion, is an ancient Indian tradition of beliefs and meditation and ritual practices that seeks to channel the divine energy of the macrocosm or godhead into the human microcosm, to attain siddhis and moksha. It arose no later than the 5th century CE, and it had a strong influence on both Hinduism and Buddhism.
According to David N. Lorenzen, two different kind of definitions of Tantra exist, a “narrow definition” and a “broad definition.” According to the narrow definition, Tantrism, or “Tantric religion,” refers only to the traditions which are based on the Tantras, Samhitas and Agamas. This definition refers primarily to a tradition which is primarily based in the higher social classes, which were literate, and lived in or close by urban centers.
According to the broad definition, Tantra refers to a broad range of religious traditions with a “magical” orientation. This includes the upper class texts and traditions, but also practices and rituals from lower social classes, which were less educated, and lived more in the rural areas.
According to David Gordon White,
Tantra is that Asian body of beliefs and practices which, working from the principle that the universe we experience is nothing other than the concrete manifestation of the divine energy of the godhead that creates and maintains that universe, seeks to ritually appropriate and channel that energy, within the human microcosm, in creative and emancipatory ways
Characteristics of Tantra.
- Centrality of ritual, especially the worship of deities
- Centrality of mantras
- Visualisation of and identification with a deity
- Need for initiation, esotericism and secrecy
- Importance of a teacher (guru, acharya)
- Ritual use of mandalas (maṇḍala)
- Transgressive or antinomian acts
- Revaluation of the body
- Revaluation of the status and role of women
- Analogical thinking (including microcosmic or macrocosmic correlation)
- Revaluation of negative mental states
Purpose of Tantra.
Tantric ritual seeks to access the supra-mundane through the mundane, identifying the microcosm with the macrocosm.The Tantric aim is to sublimate (rather than negate) reality.The Tantric practitioner seeks to use prana (energy flowing through the universe, including one’s body) to attain goals which may be spiritual, material or both
Tantric teachings are passed on orally in a teacher-student relationship Initiation by a teacher is necessary for the practice to be successful.
- Dakshina: Donation or gift to one’s teacher
- Diksha: Initiation ritual which may include shaktipat
- Yoga, including breathing techniques (pranayama) and postures (asana), is employed to balance the energies in the body/mind.
- Mudras, or hand gestures
- Mantras: reciting syllables, words, and phrases
- Singing of hymns of praise (stava)
- Yantras: symbolic diagrams of forces at work in the universe
- Visualization of deities and Identification with deities, Dhyana, Dharna
- Puja (worship ritual)
- Animal sacrifice
- Use of taboo substances such as alcohol, cannabis, meat and other entheogens.
- Prayashcitta – an expiation ritual performed if a puja has been performed wrongly
- Ritual purification (of idols, of one’s body, etc.)
- Guru bhakti (devotion) and puja
- Yatra: pilgrimage, processions
- Vrata: vows, sometimes to do ascetic practices like fasting
- The acquisition and use of siddhis or supernormal powers. Associated with the left hand path tantra.
- Ganachakra: A ritual feast during which a sacramental meal is offered.
- Ritual Music and Dance.
- Maithuna: ritual sexual union (visualized or with an actual physical consort).
- Dream yoga.
- It is evident these are the offshoots of Yoga.
Reference and Citation.