Types of Sraddha One Hundred Sixteen

I have posted a few articles on Sraddha,Rites for the departed , including text of Mantras ans Mahalaya Paksha Procedure.

I shall be posting a series of articles in detail on various aspects of Sraddha.

Here are the types of Sraddha to be performed.

They are one hundred sixteen in number.

Sraddha the ceremony performed for the ancestors is of different types.

Stricly speaking Sraddha has to be performed daily.

Definition of Sraddha.

देशे काले च पात्रे च श्रद्धया विधिना च यत् ।
पितृनुद्दिश्य विप्रेभ्यो दत्तं श्राद्धमुदाहृत् ।। – ब्रह्मपुराण

Karna Denied Food in Swarga Mahalaya Paksha

Mahalaya Paksha is called the Pitru Paksha where the ancestors are remembered and offered the Tharpana.

One of legends for the Pitru Paksha is as follows.

After Karna was slain in the Mahabharata War, he ascended to heavens, Swarga.

There he was offered god and Silver every day but never Food.

He asked Indra, the chief of Devas for the reason.

Indra informed him that though Karna had given away whatever he had to those who had asked him, he never donated Food.

And if Karna were to get food in Swarga, he has to donate Food.

Amavasya Pitru Tharpana Mantras In Tamil

I have received requests for Tamil Text of Tharpana Mantras to enable one to follow the Mantras.

I am posting these Mantrs.

I will be posting the meanings shortly.

While on the subject I am asked to provide Tamil Tharpana Procedure as set by Agsthya.

These are different from Apasthamba Sutra Tharpana in Sanskrit.

I am in the process of collating the information and shall post as soon as my information is authenticated and complete.

Mahalaya Amavasya,Tharpana Explained..

Of all The Tharppanas ,Mahalaya Tharppana is very Special.

This period falls in The Dakshinayana-movement of the Sun to Southern Latitudes ,this is for six months.

This begins from Adi and extends up to Makara Sankaranthi ( January 14)

In the Dakshinayana,the Devas and Pitrus(ancestors) are said to be asleep and the wake up in Uttarayana (from January 14 for six months )

We are expected to perform Thrappana during the entire Paksha starting from Amavasya in Simha Masa till Pournima- for 14 days.

The habit of doing only on Maha Barani,Maha Navami etc are procedures we have invented ourselves because of our reluctance/laziness.

One has to perform Sandhya Vandana-Madhyanniham,follow it up with Brahma Yagnam, then do the Tharppana daily on all the fourteen days.

At the beginning, changing Upaveedham is recommended.

Tharppna/Srardha should be performed only after 12 Noon-after Madhyanniha