Hinduism

Indian Script Began in 3012 BC Beginning Of Kali Yuga


Apart from wondering about the treasure trove of Hinduism which opens the doors to Wisdom,Knowledge, Information and Spirituality, one thing has been nagging my mind.

There are thirty million manuscripts 700 poetic meters in Sanskrit.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/02/04/thirty-million-manuscripts-700-poetic-meters-amazing-sanskrit/

and you have the Vedas.

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First Indus Valley script 2600 BC

‘The Vedic literature is composed of many books.

mbh_ikswaku_lineage

The oldest texts are the Rig-veda, Yajur-veda, Sama-veda, and the Atharva-veda. It is said in the Muktikopanishad that these four Vedas had 21, 109, 1000, and 50 branches respectively, with over 100,000 verses. Now, however, we can only find around 20,023 (some say 20,379) verses in total from these four Vedas.

 

 

It is the oldest book in any Indo-European language and contains the earliest form of all Sanskrit mantras that date back to 1500 B.C. – 1000 B.C. Some scholars date the Rig Veda as early as 12000 BC – 4000 B.C

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/08/16/rig-veda-date-components-details/

It is well known that the Hindu Texts were transmitted orally.

True.

Even today one can see the Vedas being transmitted orally in India.

I am amazed at the sheer volume being transmitted only by Oral tradition.

It is enjoined in the Vedas that one has to study the Vedas from a Guru for Twelve Years.

Even this can be one Shaka, a portion of a Specific Veda that is assigned to one by tradition.

How come all the verses, well most of them, are available today?

Only by Oral tradition?

Without recourse to any form of writing?

Well let me leave this for the present.

But writing must have been in vogue during the Ramayana and Mahabharata Period.

We have instances of Kings sending emissaries with written Communication ‘Nirupam’

Sita’s Swayamwara, Damayanti Swayamvara, Draupadis Swayamvara have been communicated to all the Kings of India, then 56 in number.

And these messages traveled from Ayodhya to Madurai and the present Kerala, to Pandyan and Chera kings respectively.

The messages as Nirupam implies a language, script.

Resting aside the  controversy about the common language, which I shall address later, the accepted early script is Brahmi.

Again there is Tamil Brahmi, Sanskrit Brahmi, Kannada Brahmi.

Tamil Brahmi is found in the Harappan Civilization.

Two million year old Rock carving dating to Million years was found in Karnataka.

Earliest Brahmi script  is assigned a date of 2600 BC

‘The first Indian script, developed in the Indus Valley around 2600 B.C. is still undeciphered. Thus, it is still not possible to fully understand this civilization, as we have no readable records of their beliefs, history, rulers or literature’

 

‘The Indus valley findings made Indologists acknowledge that writing existed prior to Mauryan writing. Though it has not been deciphered , it clearly shows writing existed in India before atlest 5-2 milliena before christ. Some Indology scholars have tried to show Indus script is derived from script from another civilization. But all these theories have fallen flat. Hrozny tried to derive Indus script from Hittite, Diringer is convinced that no script existed prior to Indus script from which Indus scirpt can be derived. Hunter and Langdon regard Indus script as prototype of Brahmi. The Vedic Scholars believed that Brahmi is from Brahma. It is mentioned in Narada Smriti that if Brahma has not created the art of writing or given excellant eye in the shape of script, the future would not have been deprived of obtaining bright future.

The Absence of inscriptions since Indus valley is due to widespread use of Paper and Cloth, which are perishable in nature…

‘Alberuni believes Indian Alphabet originated with the begining of Kali Age (3102BC).

Hiuen Tsang speaks of high Antiquity of Indian writing system. Brahmi is stated, in the Chinese Encyclopedia Fa-Wan-Shu-Lin, to be the best of scripts.’

One of the first great civilizations–with a writing system, urban centers, and a diversified social and economic system–appeared around 3,000 B.C. along the Indus River valley in Punjab and Sindh.

 

http://www.ancient.eu/article/294/

I agree with Alberuni the Chinese  ancient .eu ,taking into account the dates of Ramayana and Mahabharata and of course the Vedas.

 

Sources.
A Concise History Of Classical Sanskrit Literature By Gaurinath Shastri, Bhattacharyya Shastri Gaurinath
The rise, decline and renewals of sramanic religious traditions within indic civilisation with particular reference to the evolution of jain sramanic culture and its impact on the indic civilization by Bal patil
Students’ Britannica India, Volumes 1-5 By Indu Ramchandani
A Companion to Sanskrit Literature: Spanning a Period of Over Three Thousand … By Sures Chandra Banerji
On the origin Indian Brahma Alphabet Georg Buhler
Was Writing Know Before Panini by A Chela
Agama Aura Tripitaka, Eka Anusilana: Language and Literature By Nagraj (Muni.)

Citations.

 

http://www.ancientindia.co.uk/writing/home_set.html

http://controversialhistory.blogspot.in/search/label/sanskrit

http://www.stephen-knapp.com/complete_review_of_vedic_literature.htm

Ramani’s Blog

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Hinduism

Krishna Defeated Pandya Chola Mahabharata


Contrary to the misinformation being spread that the Tamil Polity and Culture were inimical to Sanatana Dharma references in the Mahabharata and ancient Tamil classics abound about the intricate and interwoven relationship between Sanatana Dharma and Tamils.

Genealogof Bharata.jpg

Lord Krishna as a child.Image.jpg

Krishna as a child

I have quite a few articles on this issue.
Lord Krishna married a Pandyan princess.
He had a daughter through her and he gifted his daughter diribg her marriage 100 Yadava Families, enjoining them with the task of providing Milk and Curds to her descendents.

images.jpg

Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple.

Her name was Pandyah.
The wife of Lord Krishna was called Nappinnai and Andal, the Vaishnavaite Saint states this in her Thiruppavai which is sung even to day in Vaishnava Temples.
Arjuna married a Pandyan princess Chitrangadha and she was from Manalur Tamil Nadu.

Sahadeva defeated Cholas, Pandyas, Andhras and Cheras during his Dig Vijaya on the occasion of the Rajasuya yaga performed by Yudhistira.
Balarama visited Parashurama in the South which was then called Chera Kingdom.
Balarama worshiped Devi at Kanyakumari and Lord Murugan at Valliyur, Tamil Nadu.
Chera Kimg Udiyan Cheralathan fed both the Pandya and Kaurava armies during the Kurukshetra War.
Pandya  King Malayathdwaja fought alongside the Pandavas during the Mahabharata War and wounded Dronacharya.
He was the father of Meenakshi after whom the Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is named.
(Please read a detailed post on this in thecsite)
Now I have come across references in the Mahabharata that Lord Krishna broke open the gates of a Pandyan King Kulasekhara and killed him in a battle.( VII.11.398) and VIII.23.1016)
‘ Kulashekharan is said to be as strong as a bull. He is apparently killed by Lord Krishna, but although his son wants to avenge his father’s death, he is dissuaded from doing so by his well wishers.
Krishna also defeated Chola King.(VII.11.321)

Krishna’s encounter with the Pandyas

Vasudeva Krishna slew king Pandya by striking his breast against his, and moved down the Kalingas in battle (5:48). TheCholas and the Pandyas were mentioned as vanquished by Krishna at (7:11).

The mighty Sarangadhwaja, the king of the Pandyas, has white steeds, decked with armour set with stones of lapis lazuli. His country was invaded and his father was slain by Krishna in battle. Obtaining weapons then from Bhishma and Drona, Bala Rama andKripa, prince Sarangadhwaja became, in weapons, the equal of Rukmi and Karna andArjuna and Achyuta. He then desired to destroy the city of Dwaraka and subjugate the whole world. Wise friends, however, from desire of doing him good, counselled him against that course. Giving up all thoughts of revenge, he is now ruling his own dominions. Steeds that were all of the hue of the Atrusa flower bore a hundred and forty thousand principle car-warriors that followed that Sarangadhwaja, the king of the Pandyas, opposing Drona in Kurukshetra War.(7:23)

http://ancientvoice.wikidot.com/pandya )

One of the contemporaries of Jarasandha of the Brhadratha dynasty of Magadha is Jayatsena of Magadha. He takes part in the Kurukshetra War in the Mahabharata as one of the leaders on the side of Kauravas, along with Srutayus of Kalinga, Paundraka Vasudeva of Pundra, Karna of Anga, and Malayadwaja of the Pandyas.

During the battle, Malayadwaja apparently wounds the mighty Dronacharya, the teacher of both the Pandavas and the Kauravas, and who fights on the side of the Kauravas. Malayadwaja goes further and takes on Drona’s son, Ashwathama, in a duel.

Malayadwaja’s daughter is Meenakshi, after whom the famous temple of Meenakshi Amman is built in Madurai. The city of Madurai is built around this temple. After this, the Pandyas fall back into obscurity for seven centuries.

The Magadha King, Jayatsena, brought to the Pandava’s side another akshauhini division of soldiers consisting of warriors with unlimited prowess. King Pandya, who lived near the ocean, came to the Pandava’s side bringing with him a veritable sea of troops.

An inscription records that a Pandya king led the elephant force in the Mahabharata War on behalf of the Pandavas, and that early Pandyas translated the epic into Tamil. The first named Chera king, Udiyanjeral, is said to have sumptuously fed the armies on both sides during the War at Kurukshetra ; Chola and Pandya kings also voiced such claims—of course they may be devoid of historical basis, but they show how those kings sought to enhance their glory by connecting their lineage to heroes of the Mahabharata. So too, Chola and Chera kings proudly claimed descent from Lord Rama or from kings of the Lunar dynasty—in other words, an “Aryan” descent. ‘
References and Citations.

http://books.google.co.in/books?id=ERq-OCn2cloC&pg=PA90&lpg=PA90&dq=arjuna+pandya+princess&source=bl&ots=FsZomzMkxM&sig=Lesd6aWvWlMAdyY8aOzLzBsGAmw&hl=en&sa=X&ei=zSqwU5WtBcKHuAT_2IKwBw&ved=0CCMQ6AEwAjgK#v=onepage&q=arjuna%20pandya%20princess&f=false

https://www.quora.com/What-was-happening-in-South-India-during-Mahabharata

http://hinduwebsite.com/history/mahasangam.asp

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Uncategorized

Pandavas Kauravas Ramas Ikshwaku Dynasty


There are, according to Puranas and Ithihasas Ramayana and Mahabharata there are two dynasties.

One is the Inshwaku dynasty to which Lord Rama belongs.(Solar Dynasty)

Another is Chandra Dynasty to which the Pandavas and Kauravs belong.( Lunar Dynasty)

Ikshwaku (Ramayana) and Mahabharata Dynasty.

familytree-_chandravansh

Click on the Image to enlarge.

The Kurus/Chandra dynasty is from Budha, Purururava.

The point is in the above lineage you shall find the descendants of Ikshwaku/Rama fought along side the Kauravas and while Bhima defeated Dirghayaghna, Abhimanyu killed  Vrishdvala!

 

There are two issues here.

One is that Ramayana took place in Treta Yuga , thousands of years before Mahabharata war in Dwapara Yuga.

How come the descendants of Ishwakhu fought with the Kauravas in Dwapara Yuga?

And I have written earlier that Lord Rama’s death preceded Krishna’s  by a mere 250 Years!

I have replied to that in my post Ramas death precedes Krishnas 250 years.

Are we missing the history here and are there some Kings list of Ikshwaku missing?

Though the lineage of Ikshwaku is provided in the Mahabharataby Vyasa, there seems to some thing missing in the Kings List as it can not account for thousands of years.

Readers may contribute.

Might be there are some missing links who ruled during Yuga Sandhi, the hiatus between the end of one Yuga and the beginning of another Yuga and the Ikshwaku Kings ruled in that period.

But the Universe is in hibernation in Yuga Sandhi!

Other wise the list is perfect.

Another important point is Mahabharata states that Ikshwaku is considered to be elder brother of one of the daughters of Manu and she got married into Chandra Vamasa.

‘Mahabharata mentions the founder king Ikshwaku as a son of the great patriarch Manu. thus we have at Mbh.1.75:- Manu begat ten children namedVena, Dhrishnu, Narishyan, Nabhaga, Ikshvaku, Karusha, Saryati, the eighth, a daughter named Ila, Prishadhru the ninth, and Nabhagarishta, the tenth. Among this, princess Ila is the founder of Aila dynasty which later expanded into Puru, Bharata and Kuru linages in which the Kauravas and Pandavas are born. Thus Mahabharata consider Ikshwaku as an elder bother of Ila. It indirectly gives the impression that the Ikshwakus were older than the Ailas.’

Source .http://ancientvoice.wikidot.com/article:ikshwaku-kings-in-mahabharata#toc5

Rama’s Dynasty ends.

‘Soorya Vamsa.
Sree Maha Vishnu
Brahma
Mareechi
Kasyapa, his wife– Aditi.
Soorya (Sun), his wife– Sanjna.
Vaivasvsvata Manuvu, his wife– Sraddha.

Ikshvaaku Ilaa(lady) Saryaati Subhaaga
(later transformed (grandson)
into Sudyumna)

Grand son son Chyavana.
Kaakutsa
Ambareesha.
Kaakutsa’s
16th descendant
Maandhaatha.
Maandhaatha wife Bindumati
He got three sons and 50 daughters
Elder son Purukutsu
Purukutsu’s 7th descendant Trishanka
Trishanka’s son Harischandra
Harischandra’s 8th descendant Sagara
Sagara’s grand son Amsumanta
Amsumanta’s grand son Bhageeratha
Bhageeratha’s 5th descendant Rutuparna
Rutuparna’s 6th descendant Khatvanga.
Khatvanga’s grand son King Raghu.
King Raghu’s grand son King Dasaradha
King Dasaradha’s four sons are
SriRama, Lakshmana, Bharata, Satrughna.
Sri Rama’s sons, Lava and Kusa.
Lakshmana’s sons Angada, Chandra keta.
Bharata’s sons Daksha,Pushkala
Satrughna’s sons Subaahu, Srutasena.

Because all the above kings descended from the origin,Soorya (Sun), it is called Soorya Vamsa. As far as we know, in Soorya Vamsa, the last king in Tretayuga, was Sreerama Chandra. Later,in Dvaapara Yuga, there were Pandavas,Kouravas, Sri Krishna etc. Kings. They belong to Chandra Vamsa Kings'( Udyoga Parav of Mahabharta by Vyasa)’

Source.

http://www.telugubhakti.com/telugupages/monthly/mahabharat/content504b.htm

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Hinduism

How To Control Husbands Draupadi to Satyabhama


As human beings, we try to take advantage of others,though we may deny it.
This trait is inbuilt as a tool for survival.
This trait does not exclude any relationship,father,mother,children,spouse and friends.
This does not exclude the differnciation between male and female.

image

The process of taking advantage of others involves manipulation and control of others.
This happens every where, in all relationships.
When this is noticed between a husband and wife, charges like being controlled by wife or by husband it assumes unwarranted issues ,like the observation that men control women and women’s freedom is in danger.
(When a man becomes hen pecked, there are no comments)

I checked Mahabharata,greatest treatise ob human relaionships as what ought to be and what is,for information.
When Sathyabhama,a wife of Krishna meets Draupadi,wife of the Pandavas, this issue is addressed.
On being asked by Sathyabhama how to control her husband Krishna Draupai replies thus,
,

SECTION CCXXXI
(Draupadi-Satyabhama Samvada)
Vaisampayana said, “After those Brahmanas and the illustrious sons of Pandu had taken their seats, Draupadi and Satyabhama entered the hermitage. And with hearts full of joy the two ladies laughed merrily and seated themselves at their ease. And, O king, those ladies, who always spake sweetly to each other, having met after a long time, began to talk upon various delightful topics arising out of the stories of the Kurus and the Yadus. And the slender-waisted Satyabhama, the favourite wife of Krishna and the daughter of Satrajit, then asked Draupadi in private, saying, ‘By what behaviour is it, O daughter of Drupada, that thou art able to rule the sons of Pandu–those heroes endued with strength and beauty and like unto the Lokapalas themselves? Beautiful lady, how is it that they are so obedient to thee and are never angry with thee? Without doubt the sons of Pandu, O thou of lovely features, are ever submissive to thee and watchful to do thy bidding!

[paragraph continues] Tell me, O lady, the reason of this. Is it practice of vows, or asceticism, or incantation or drug at the time of the bath (in season) or the efficacy of science, or the influence of youthful appearance, or the recitation of particular formulae, or Homa, or collyrium and other medicaments? Tell me now, O princess of Panchala, of that blessed and auspicious thing by which, O Krishna, Krishna may ever be obedient to me.”
“When the celebrated Satyabhama, having said this, ceased, the chaste and blessed daughter of Drupada answered her, saying, ‘Thou askedest me, O Satyabhama, of the practices of women that are wicked. How can I answer thee, O lady, about the cause that is pursued by wicked females? It doth not become thee, lady, to pursue the questions, or doubt me, after this, for thou art endued with intelligence and art the favourite wife of Krishna. When the husband learns that his wife is addicted to incantations and drugs, from that hour he beginneth to dread her like a serpent ensconced in his sleeping chamber. And can a man that is troubled with fear have peace, and how can one that hath no peace have happiness? A husband can never be made obedient by his wife’s incantations. We hear of painful diseases being transmitted by enemies. Indeed, they that desire to slay others, send poison in the shape of customary gifts, so that the man that taketh the powders so sent, by tongue or skin, is, without doubt, speedily deprived of life. Women have sometimes caused dropsy and leprosy, decrepitude and impotence and idiocy and blindness and deafness in men. These wicked women, ever treading in the path of sin, do sometimes (by these means) injure their husbands. But the wife should never do the least injury to her lord. Hear now, O illustrious lady, of the behaviour I adopt towards the high-souled sons of Pandu. Keeping aside vanity, and controlling desire and wrath, I always serve with devotion the sons of Pandu with their wives. Restraining jealousy, with deep devotion of heart, without a sense of degradation at the services I perform, I wait upon my husbands. Ever fearing to utter what is evil or false, or to look or sit or walk with impropriety, or cast glances indicative of the feelings of the heart, do I serve the sons of Pritha–those mighty warriors blazing like the sun or fire, and handsome as the moon, those endued with fierce energy and prowess, and capable of slaying their foes by a glance of the eye. Celestial, or man, or Gandharva, young or decked with ornaments, wealthy or comely of person, none else my heart liketh. I never bathe or eat or sleep till he that is my husband hath bathed or eaten or slept,–till, in fact, our attendants have bathed, eaten, or slept. Whether returning from the field, the forest, or the town, hastily rising up I always salute my husband with water and a seat. I always keep the house and all household articles and the food that is to be taken well-ordered and clean. Carefully do I keep the rice, and serve the food at the proper time. I never indulge in angry and fretful speech, and never imitate women that are wicked. Keeping idleness at distance I always do what is agreeable. I never laugh except at a jest, and never stay for any length of time at the house-gate. I never stay long in places for answering calls of nature, nor in pleasure-gardens attached to the house. I always refrain from laughing loudly and indulging in high passion, and

from everything that may give offence. Indeed, O Satyabhama, I always am engaged in waiting upon my lords. A separation from my lords is never agreeable to me. When my husband leaveth home for the sake of any relative, then renouncing flowers and fragrant paste of every kind, I begin to undergo penances. Whatever my husband drinketh not, whatever my husband eateth not, whatever my husband enjoyeth not, I ever renounce. O beautiful lady, decked in ornaments and ever controlled by the instruction imparted to me, I always devotedly seek the good of my lord. Those duties that my mother-in-law had told me of in respect of relatives, as also the duties of alms-giving, of offering worship to the gods, of oblations to the diseased, of boiling food in pots on auspicious days for offer to ancestors and guests of reverence and service to those that deserve our regards, and all else that is known to me, I always discharge day and night, without idleness of any kind. Having with my whole heart recourse to humility and approved rules I serve my meek and truthful lords ever observant of virtue, regarding them as poisonous snakes capable of being excited at a trifle. I think that to be eternal virtue for women which is based upon a regard for the husband. The husband is the wife’s god, and he is her refuge. Indeed, there is no other refuge for her. How can, then, the wife do the least injury to her lord? I never, in sleeping or eating or adorning any person, act against the wishes of my lord, and always guided by my husbands, I never speak ill of my mother-in-law. O blessed lady, my husbands have become obedient to me in consequence of my diligence, my alacrity, and the humility with which I serve superiors. Personally do I wait every day with food and drink and clothes upon the revered and truthful Kunti–that mother of heroes. Never do I show any preference for myself over her in matters of food and attire, and never do I reprove in words that princess equal unto the Earth herself in forgiveness. Formerly, eight thousand Brahmanas were daily fed in the palace of Yudhishthira from off plates of gold. And eighty thousand Brahmanas also of the Snataka sect leading domestic lives were entertained by Yudhishthira with thirty serving-maids assigned to each. Besides these, ten thousand yatis with the vital seed drawn up, had their pure food carried unto them in plates of gold. All these Brahamanas that were the utterers of the Veda, I used to worship duly with food, drink, and raiment taken from stores only after a portion thereof had been dedicated to the Viswadeva. 1 The illustrious son of Kunti had a hundred thousand well-dressed serving-maids with bracelets on arms and golden ornaments on necks, and decked with costly garlands and wreaths and gold in profusion, and sprinkled with sandal paste. And adorned with jewels and gold they were all skilled in singing and dancing. O lady, I knew the names and features of all those girls, as also what they are and what they were, and what they did not. Kunti’s son of great intelligence
had also a hundred thousand maid-servants who daily used to feed guests, with plates of gold in their hands. And while Yudhishthira lived in Indraprastha a hundred thousand horses and a hundred thousand elephants used to follow in his train. These were the possessions of Yudhisthira while he ruled the earth. It was I however, O lady, who regulated their number and framed the rules to be observed in respect of them; and it was I who had to listen to all complaints about them. Indeed, I knew everything about what the maid-servants of the palace and other classes of attendants, even the cow-herds and the shepherds of the royal establishment, did or did not. O blessed and illustrious lady, it was I alone amongst the Pandavas who knew the income and expenditure of the king and what their whole wealth was. And those bulls among the Bharatas, throwing upon me the burden of looking after all those that were to be fed by them, would, O thou of handsome face, pay their court to me. And this load, so heavy and incapable of being borne by persons of evil heart, I used to bear day and night, sacrificing my ease, and all the while affectionately devoted to them. And while my husbands were engaged in the pursuit of virtue, I only supervised their treasury inexhaustible like the ever-filled receptacle of Varuna. Day and night bearing hunger and thirst, I used to serve the Kuru princes, so that my nights and days were equal to me. I used to wake up first and go to bed last. This, O Satyabhama, hath ever been my charm for making my husbands obedient to me! This great art hath ever been known to me for making my husbands obedient to me. Never have I practised the charms of wicked women, nor do I ever wish to practise them.”
Vaisampayana continued, “Hearing those words of virtuous import uttered by Krishna, Satyabhama, having first reverenced the virtuous princess of Panchala, answered saying, ‘O princess of Panchala, I have been guilty, O daughter of Yajnasena, forgive me! Among friends, conversations in jest arise naturally, and without premeditation.”
In essence if one serves another even to take advantage later, this helps one to take control over the other.

In the process no body loses but the ego.

I have observed that women who, in the eyes of outsiders, is bossed over and controlled by her husband is really the Boss and controls the husband and the husband knows it.

Family decisions are taken, though they may appear to be taken by the Husband, is realyy by the wife
Mahabharata Translation Citation . from Sacred Texts.com

Draupadi Sathyabhama discussion

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Hinduism

Arjuna Visited Tirupati Papavinasa Theertha


Countless Pilgrimages were taken by people belonging to Mahabharata times to South India.

And contrary to what people think Tirupati is 2100 Million Years old.

Route taken by Arjuna in his Pilgrimage.jpg Arjuna’s Pilgrimage,Route.

Geologists have dated this and the information tallies with what Hindu Puranas say about the age of the Hills.

It is about 21oo Million years old.’

Source .Tirupati 2100 Million Years old

The List includes,

Lord Krishna,

Balarama,

The Pandavas,

Karna….

I had written an article on the Pilgrimage undertaken by Arjuna to South India.

papavinasam-theertham.jpg

Papavinasana Theertha, Tirupati.

Among other places visited by Arjuna, he visited Tirupati, had Darshan of Lord Varaha ,Balaji  and took a holy dip in the Papavinasana Theertha for atoning the sin of seeing Yudhistra and Draupadi together.(Skanda Purana)

Tirupati Papnanasa Theertham.jpg Tirupati Papnanasa Theertham.

When the five Pandavas were living together with their wife Draupadi, they had an arrangement,that Draupadi shall live as wife together with one of the Five and the other four Pandvas shall not be with her.

Sri Vatsam of balaji, Tirupati.jpgi.

Balaji Tirupati,Srivathsam is visible.

Lord Balaji, Tirupati.

 

At a point of time, Yudhistra was living with Draupadi.

 

Agni,God Fire,in the guise of a Brahmin sought the help of  Arjuna to help  ease his hunger.

 

Arjuna,being a Kshatriya and a King, could not but to accede to Agni’s request.

 

Without knowing who Agni was and what his hunger was for, Arjuna agreed and was  shocked to know it was Agni and his hunger was for burning down the Kanadava Forest.

 

He was in a dilemma for as a King he(Prince)  he had a duty to protect   forests with the animals living in it.

 

He consulted(who else?) Lord Krishna,who told him as a King and Kshatriya it was his duty to fulfill his promise .

 

( Krishna had a hidden agenda.

 

He knew that a great war will ensue , that Arjuna  did not have a powerful Bow and he waned Arjuna to possess one.

 

He engineered the whole event though Indra,father of Arjuna.)

 

As anticipated by Krishna Agni asked Vauna to give the best bow and he gave the Kandeeva to Arjuna.

 

Arjuna burnt the forest.

 

Agini gave him the Agneyastra as well.

 

When Arjuna came Home to take his old bow and arrows,he unintentionally saw Yudihistra and Draupadi together.

 

It is considered to be a sin to see man and wife together when they are intimate,Sastras declare and one has to atone for this,Prayaschitta.

 

One of the Prayascitta was going on a Pilgrimage.

 

Krishna advised the Prayaschitta of Pilgrimage as He wanted Arjuna to get the help of as many Kings as possible for the Mahabharata war(Arjuna was not aware of the fact).

 

Arjuna went on a Pilgrimage of India and in the process married many a princesses,including the daughter of a Pandya king-the Pandya fought the war along with the Panadvas.

 

Vyasa gives a detailed description of the route taken by Arjuna during the Pilgrimage.’

Source.Arjuna’s Pilgrimage Photot Essay Ramani’s blog

 

Papavinasam Theertham is around 2 miles from Tirumala and is a beautiful waterfall in the region. The devotees also believe a holy dip at this site can relieve them from their sins and evils. There are separate dressing rooms at this site for men and women, where they can change their dresses. The reservoir near the dam restricts the water flow in this theertham.

 

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