Prison Industrial Complex Business India To Join

In Mr.Bean, the Villain from France, would propose, among other things, to create an open prison of the world in the UK , to house all Criminals  of the




Private Prisons. Imagejpg.
Private Prisons Adult. source.


I thought it was really funny befitting a French Man’s dig  at Englishman.


But how misinformed am I?



United Kingdom was the first country in all of Europe to use prisons run by the private sector to hold its prisoners.


Wolds Prison opened as the first privately managed prison in the UK in 1992., as one of a number of prisons built by the public sector but contracted to the private sector to operate under 5 year contracts.


Soon private prisons were established under the government’s Private Finance Initiative, where contracts are awarded for the entire design, construction, management and finance of a prison under 25 year contracts.

Later, Government attempted to ‘market test’ prisons operated by the public sector, though no prison transferred from public to private operation through this route until Birmingham in 2011.


Prisons operated by the private sector are subject to re-competition at the end of the contract, when the public sector may bid, and on 3 occasions has done so successfully.

Privately run prisons are run under contracts which set out the standards that must be met.


There are now 14 prisons in England and Wales operated under contract by private companies.


Between them they have the capacity to hold about 13,500 prisoners or approximately 11% of the entire prison population.


There are also 2 privately run prisons in Scotland. Current operators in the United Kingdom are G4S , Sodexo Justice Services (formerly known as

Kalyx, and prior to that UKDS) (4) and Serco (6)




Prison Industry In US.



There are approximately 2 million inmates in state, federal and private prisons throughout the country.


According to California Prison Focus, “no other society in human history has imprisoned so many of its own citizens.


” The figures show that the United States has locked up more people than any other country: a half million more than China, which has a population five times greater than the U.S. Statistics reveal that the United States holds 25% of the world’s prison population, but only 5% of the world’s people.


From less than 300,000 inmates in 1972, the jail population grew to 2 million by the year 2000. In 1990 it was one million.


Ten years ago there were only five private prisons in the country, with a population of 2,000 inmates; now, there are 100, with 62,000 inmates.


It is expected that by the coming decade, the number will hit 360,000, according to reports.



“The private contracting of prisoners for work fosters incentives to lock people up.


Prisons depend on this income. Corporate stockholders who make money off prisoners’ work lobby for longer sentences, in order to expand their


workforce. The system feeds itself,” says a study by the Progressive Labor Party, which accuses the prison industry of being “an imitation of Nazi Germany with respect to forced slave labor and concentration camps.”

The prison industry complex is one of the fastest-growing industries in the United States and its investors are on Wall Street


. “This multimillion-dollar industry has its own trade exhibitions, conventions, websites, and mail-order/Internet catalogs. It also has direct advertising campaigns, architecture companies, construction companies, investment houses on Wall Street, plumbing supply companies, food supply companies, armed security, and padded cells in a large variety of colors.”

According to the Left Business Observer, the federal prison industry produces 100% of all military helmets, ammunition belts, bullet-proof vests, ID tags, shirts, pants, tents, bags, and canteens. Along with war supplies, prison workers supply 98% of the entire market for equipment assembly services; 93% of paints and paintbrushes; 92% of stove assembly; 46% of body armor; 36% of home appliances; 30% of headphones/microphones/speakers; and 21% of office furniture. Airplane parts, medical supplies, and much more: prisoners are even raising seeing-eye dogs for blind people.



Prison labor has its roots in slavery. After the 1861-1865 Civil War, a system of “hiring out prisoners” was introduced in order to continue the slavery tradition. Freed slaves were charged with not carrying out their sharecropping commitments (cultivating someone else’s land in exchange for part of the harvest) or petty thievery – which were almost never proven – and were then “hired out” for cotton picking, working in mines and building railroads. From 1870 until 1910 in the state of Georgia, 88% of hired-out convicts were Black. In Alabama, 93% of “hired-out” miners were Black. In Mississippi, a huge prison farm similar to the old slave plantations replaced the system of hiring out convicts. The notorious Parchman plantation existed until 1972.

During the post-Civil War period, Jim Crow racial segregation laws were imposed on every state, with legal segregation in schools, housing, marriages and many other aspects of daily life. “Today, a new set of markedly racist laws is imposing slave labor and sweatshops on the criminal justice system, now known as the prison industry complex,” comments the Left Business Observer.

Who is investing?


At least 37 states have legalized the contracting of prison labor by private corporations that mount their operations inside state prisons.


The list of such companies contains the cream of U.S. corporate society:


IBM, Boeing, Motorola, Microsoft, AT&T, Wireless, Texas Instrument, Dell, Compaq, Honeywell, Hewlett-Packard, Nortel, Lucent Technologies, 3Com, Intel, Northern Telecom, TWA, Nordstrom’s, Revlon, Macy’s, Pierre Cardin, Target Stores, and many more.



All of these businesses are excited about the economic boom generation by prison labor. Just between 1980 and 1994, profits went up from $392 million to $1.31 billion.


Inmates in state penitentiaries generally receive the minimum wage for their work, but not all; in Colorado, they get about $2 per hour, well under the minimum.


And in privately-run prisons, they receive as little as 17 cents per hour for a maximum of six hours a day, the equivalent of $20 per month. The highest-paying private prison is CCA in Tennessee, where prisoners receive 50 cents per hour for what they call “highly skilled positions.


” At those rates, it is no surprise that inmates find the pay in federal prisons to be very generous.


There, they can earn $1.25 an hour and work eight hours a day, and sometimes overtime. They can send home $200-$300 per month.

Thanks to prison labor, the United States is once again an attractive location for investment in work that was designed for Third World labor markets


. A company that operated a maquiladora (assembly plant in Mexico near the border) closed down its operations there and relocated to San Quentin State Prison in California.

In Texas, a factory fired its 150 workers and contracted the services of prisoner-workers from the private Lockhart Texas prison, where circuit boards are assembled for companies like IBM and Compaq.


There is a move to bring in Private Prisons in India and if my source is to be believed  a Single judge Committee has recommended Private Prisons.


There are some pretty big Business Houses promoting this concept and have their sources to manipulate the Media to high light the cost of running the

Prisons(for the Government and to sensationalize law and Order situation in India , including the prisons.

Indian Defense Ministry Forges Court Orders

There are quite a few scams that go unnoticed, like the Thorium being stolen in Tamil Nadu.

Forging Court Orders
Defense Ministry Forges

Please read my post on this.

We also know of Adarsh Scam,2G,ISRO, Antrix Devas,CWG,Maharashtra Irrigation.Kalaignar TV,Mining scams in Goa Karnataka……. the list is endless, not to forget Westland Helicopter scam in which Sonia Gandhi was named in an Italian Court.

Most of us imagine that if the Court delivers a verdict or instructs the Government the issue is taken care of.

It is another matter that the Government through CBI may with draw, close the case or even the Courts fudging the issue.

But how many of us know that the Government, after receiving Court Orders does not follow the action advised by the Court but worse, changes Court’s orders?

Or that it simply ignores them merrily and goes ahead exactly in the opposite direction?

The Ministry o f Defense ,India , through its Secretary changes the Court’s Order to suit the Government!

And the black listed Firms for Corruption are not blacklisted but are on the active list of approved vendors?

Read this fraud perpetrated on the Defence Personnel.

Shashi Kant Sharma, erstwhile Defence Secretary (now CAG) is to stand in the Supreme Court on 13th February 2014 along with his other cronies from MaD in response to SC summons in wake of a 49-page contempt petition filed by the Retired Defence Officers Association (RDOA) in the apex court over non-implementation of the court’s September 2012 order – summons that came in wake of non-implementation of the SC order to MoD (read MaD) to pay the dues it owes to the former defence officers vide the said SC order. It is quite public by now that the ‘rank pay case’ was initially fought by Major Dhanapalan and later RODA too took up the case and moved the court. After years of legal battle, the SC had envisaged re-fixation of pay for all affected military officers for Rank Pay with effect from 1st January 1986 – the date of implementation of the Fourth Pay Commission. However, the MaD in its implementation order of the December 2012, based on the SC verdict, very mischievously changed it to “as on 1st January 1986” – while Shashi Kant Sharma was the Defence Secretary. The SC summons say, “You shall attend the court in person and shall continue to attend the court on all days thereafter to which the case against you stands adjourned and until final orders are passed on the charge against you. Herein fail not.”

Whether Shashi Kant Sharma will be present in SC on 13th February or feign a heart attack like Musharraf is not known but what he and his MaD cronies symbolize is the essence of the MaD Club’s contempt to those in uniform plus those who have hung up their boots. This is also the reason why they have been stonewalling all attempts to rectify the politico-military disconnect. There was talk of rewarding Sharma’s services to the mafia in breaking the institutional integrity of the military and concert with Goolam Vahanvati, the Attorney General. While the latter got an extended tenure, this can hardly be the only reason for Sharma to be appointed CAG anyway. The surprising part is that despite willfully committing contempt of the SC order with respect to the rank pay case and the fact that the contempt notice was sent when Sharma was still the Defence Secretary, he was still appointed to the high constitutional post of CAG. So the services that Sharma rendered to the ‘supreme mafia’ must have been of very exceptional order indeed. The real reasons perhaps will never been known but maybe one of the reason could be that Sharma happened to be the DG (Acquisition) of MoD when the Augusta Westland Helicopter deal was signed in 2010. Now it quite logical that it is the DG (Acquisition) who signs papers, negotiates the cuts and decides who gets what including the delivery mode. So when India has already paid 45 percent of the deal value, it is no way the deal would have been signed without the ‘cuts’ on the total deal (100 percent) having been delivered at required destinations. So, no one is fooled by the amount mentioned with respect to the Tyagi brothers which is small pocket change. Then, the Augusta Westland helicopter scam is a recent case. Shashi Kant Sharma was in the MaD club for over a decade. So, his ‘exceptional services’ would have gone way beyond the above two issues when so many more major defence acquisitions were made.

The Augusta Westland deal has been cancelled and probably one odd guy will be asked to return his / her cut that will be quietly made known to the environment, like it happened when the Eurocopter deal was cancelled and just one fellow was asked to return a few million Euros but then immediately given solid immunity by moving him as Governor. So in the Augusta Westland helicopter deal too, the balance will retain the moolah as part of future investment that is adjustable at the international arms industry level. And yes, the probe agencies would not dare to question top bureaucrats like Defence Secretary without government approval but then who do you think constitutes the ‘supreme mafia’? If you still are wondering then perhaps you need to read Gen. VK Singh’s autobiography that tells you that the corruption trail from MoD goes right up to the PMO. You would probably dub it a flight of fancy especially since we have such a clean Defence Minster but then you get wondering if the reported losses in crores of Air India includes the Rs 28 crores paid to the Defence Minister’s spouse by AAI for four of her paintings to be put up at civil airports. The appointment of CAG is arbitrary by the government, whereas the selection should be through a committee / collegiums constituted for the purpose. Then what about the Defence Minister’s penchant to ban firms at the drop of a hat and pray what is the criteria for lifting the blacklisting? Who does the inquiry and examination? Since it is all in-house you can well assume what the main criteria would be? This was a classic query with regard to the 155mm gun displayed at DEFEXPO 14 by Denel, a firm till recently blacklisted. Look at the manner in which the procurement of the Barak anti-air systems approved in 1997 for our Navy was kept in abeyance for several years.

Historically, the foundation of MaD can be traced to the Nehru’s disdain for the military and Krishna Menon, his blue-eyed Defence Minister who masterminded the first defence scam of independent India (Jeep Scandal), brought the country to shame in 1962 by ignoring basic military equipping, and yet ended up with a road in the heart of New Delhi Krishna Menon Marg) replete with his bust installed on a pedestal and an annual garlanding ceremony.

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Study Law Qualification Process India

Those who want to pursue a an independent career  may choose Accountancy,ACS and ICWA, Law.

Let us look at some options in Law first.

Law Colleges India
Top Ten Law Colleges India

Once the basic degree in Law is secured, one can go n for specialization in Law.

There are two types of Courses in India to qualify as a lawyer.

Full Time Courses.

One is a Five year course and another is for Three years.


+2 Pass, preferably First Class, to get admission easily.

The five-year course is available straight after high school, at an undergraduate level.

Students who decide on a career in law after graduation in any field can opt for the three-year LLB course.
For five-year course

  • The candidate is eligible to take all these tests if he has completed his Class 12 (High School) with a minimum of 50% marks.
  • The candidate should not be more than 20 years old.

For three-year course

  • The candidate is expected to have completed his bachelor’s degree with at least 50% marks.
  • Final year students are also eligible to apply.

Entrance Tests ,called Common Law Admission Test(CLAT) is conducted for admission to Law Colleges.

After completing the Degree one has to undergo Legal Training as an Understudy with an established Lawyer before going in for Practice.

One has to enroll in the Bar Council of India to practice law.

Procedure to enroll in the Bar Council.

Eligible persons are admitted as advocates on the rolls of the State Bar Councils. The Advocates Act, 1961 empowers State Bar Councils to frame their own rules regarding enrolment of advocates. Contact details for individual Councils can be found here.

The Council’s Enrolment Committee may scrutinise a candidate’s application. Those admitted as advocates by any State Bar Council are eligible for a Certificate of Enrolment.

All applicants for enrolment as advocates are required under Section 24 (1) (f) of the Advocates Act, 1961 to pay an enrolment fee of Rs.600/- (Rupees Six hundred only) to the respective State Bar Council and Rs.150/- (Rupees One hundred Fifty only) to the Bar Council of India. These payments should be made using separate demand drafts.

What is expected of a Lawyer-Professional Standards set by The Bar Council of India.

Advocates have the dual responsibility of upholding the interests of the client fearlessly while conducting themselves as officers of the court. Accordingly, they are expected to adhere to the highest standards of probity and honour. An advocate’s conduct should reflect their privileged position in society which derives from the nobility of this profession.  In a nut shell, if you are an advocate your service to the common man should be compassionate, moral and lawful.
The rules mentioned in the Chapter II, Part IV of the Bar Council of India Rules on standards of professional conduct and etiquette shall be adopted as a guide for all advocates in conducting matters related to law.

List Of National Law Universities in India.

I. National Law School of India University, Bangalore

Prof. Venkata Rao,
The Director,
National Law School of India University,
P.O. Bag 7201, Nagarbhavi,
Bangalore – 560 072,
Karnataka, India.
+91 80 2321 3160
+91 80 2316 0532
+91 80 2316 0533
+91 80 2316 0535
+91 80 23160534
+91 80 23217858
Dr. V.Nagraj,
Phone : 080-2316053
Mobile : 09242442876

II. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata

Prof. Dr. M.P. Singh,
Vice Chancellor,
NUJS Bhavan (Dr. Ambedkar Bhavan),
12, Block – LB, Sector – III,
Salt Lake City,
Kolkata – 700 098,
West Bengal, India.

+91 33 23351855
+91 33 23350511
+91 33 23350500
+91 33 23357379
+91 33  23350534

+91 33 23357422


033 – 23350510 (Direct)

III. National Law University, Bhopal

Dr. Shiv Shankar Singh,
National Law Institute University,
Kerwa Dam Road,
Bhopal – 462 044,
Madhya Pradesh, India.

+91 755 2696965 (Director)

+91 755 2696717 (Registrar)

+91 755 2696705



IV. National Law University, Jodhpur

Mr. Justice N. N. Mathur,
Vice Chancellor,
National Law University,
Administrative Block, New Campus,
J. N. V. University, Pali Road,
Jodhpur – 342 005,
Rajasthan, India.

+91 291 2577530
+91 291 2577526
+91 291 5121594

+91 291 2577540


V. NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad

Prof. Veer Singh,
Vice Chancellor,
NALSAR University of Law,
3-4-761, Barkatpura,
Hyderabad – 500 027,
Andhra Pradesh,India.

+91 8418 245159
+91 40 27567960
+91 40 27567955
+91 8418 245155

+91 40 27567310
+91 8418 245161


VI. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar

Mr. Bimal N. Patel,
Gujarat National Law University,
E-4, GIDC Electronics Estate,
“Old NIFT Building”,
Sector – 26,
Gandhinagar – 382 028,


+91 79 23287157
+91 79 23287158
+91 79 23243296

+91 79 23287156



VII. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur

Prof. M.K. Srivastava,
Vice Chancellor,
Hidayatullah National Law University,
New Campus, Village Uperwara,
Tahsil Abhanpur,
Raipur – 491 001,
Chhattisgarh, India.

+91 771 3057603
+91 771 3057604

+91 771 30557666



VIII. National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi

Dr. N. K. Jayakumar,
Vice Chancellor,
National University of Advanced Legal Studies,
Kochi – 682 017,
Kerala, India.

+91 484 2337363

+91 484 2337857



IX. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow

Prof. Balraj Chauhan,
Doctor Ram Manohar Lohiya,
National Law University,
Sector D-1-L.D.A,
Kanpur Road Scheme,
Near Power House Intersection,
Lucknow – 226 012,
Uttar Pradesh, India.

+91 522 425902
+91 522 425903
+91 522 425904

+91 522 2422841

X. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala

Prof. G. I. S. Sandhu,
The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law,
Mohindra Kothi,
The Mall,
Patiala – 147 001,
Punjab, India.

+91 175 2304188

+91 175 2304189

XI. Chanakya National Law University, Patna

Shri A. Lakhsminath,
Vice Chancellor,
Chanakya National Law University,
A.N. Sinha Institute of Social Studies Campus,
Gandhi Maidan,
Patna – 800 001
Bihar, India.

+91 612 6450242

+91 612 2205920.

For more details check the Bar Council Link.

List of State Bar Councils. .

For Transfer to Other State Bar Council and on Bar council details

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Warranty For Interior Decoration Carpentry

Many of us, after spending a lot money on purchasing a New House, entrust the carpentry work/Interior Decorations to some carpenters or some people styling as Interior decorators.

We do not enter into any Warranty.

The Carpenter, Interior decorators tell you that the raw material they have used is the best and the Wood will last for Ten years, other things like door handles, Fittings will last Five Years.

There seems to be no format available.


I am providing a Format, which may be customized.


This may be cross checked with your lawyer.


Stamp paper of Rs 25 will do.


But gentlemen do not need agreements, but others can  break it at will, whatever the Clauses!





This Agreement of Warranty is executed between,

……., S/o ……., Aged  years , residing at  …………………………………….                      ,hereinafter called Party of the First Part,


Mr./M/s ………S/o , engaged in the business of Interior work/decoration of Homes.’ Residing/located at,……………………………………………

Hereinafter called Party of the Second Part,

Whereas party of the Second Part approached party of the First Part to do Interior decoration, Carpentry work of the residence of party of the First Part, described in detail in the annexure and  Party of the First Part having agreed to give him the Work for a consideration of Rupees  /- ( …….. ) as per specifications of the Party of the First Part,

And the Party of the Second Part, having completed the work  and Party of the Second Part , having paid the agreed consideration of Rupees…….,in full, to Party of the First part

Now enter into an Agreement of Warranty on the Following terms and conditions.

1. Party of the Second part shall replace without any cost, damaged, defective wood used in the work done at the property of the party of the First Part, for period of Ten Years.

2. Cost here includes the cost of replacement of such wood that might need replacement and the labour cost involved in carrying out this work.

3.This replacement of parts used in the work such as Doors, Handles, Faucets ,Door Knobs, Latches, Hinges, Padlocks, springs  and this warranty for these items will be for a Period of Five Years, bells, shelves, screws, hangers, hydraulic equipment, fixtures and kitchen baskets.

4. This Warranty includes ,

4. During such period, the Party of the Second Part shall replace, without any cost, the defective, malfunctioning components, items, to the Party of The First Part.

5. Here Cost denotes cost of the material replaced and the labour charges involved therein.

6.In such an event the party of the Second Part , not being able to fulfil this Warranty, Party of the Second Part, shall pay to party of the Second Part ,a sum equivalent to the cost of the material/s to be replaced and the labour charges involved in repairing/installing the same.

7.The Cost ,in such cases, will be determined by the party of the First part , at market rates, including labour and party of the Second Part shall ay the Party of the  First Part the amount on the claim made by Party of the First Party prior to replacing, reinstalling of such components, products .

8. Limitations.

Limitations: Materials/Components

Laminates, Veneers / Finishes / Hardwoods – 10 years

Electrical lamps, Ballasts, Transformers – 5 years

Fabrics, pneumatic lifts, foam – 5 years

Custom products built to customer specifications – 5 years

Seating foam padding – 5 years

Seating metal accents glides – 10 years

Seating wood frame – 10 years

Seating High Use Items – 5 years

(High Use Items include, but are not limited to, table arms, electrical components, ganging mechanisms, pneumatic lifts, and polymer based components)

9. The Warranty will come into Force effective September 1(First of September), 2013.

10. Any dispute arising out of this agreement is subject to ………….Jurisdiction.

11. Parties of the   First Part and the Second Part hereby affirm the aforesaid agreement and sign this Agreement,

Dated , …….,……,….



Party of the First Part.                                                                                                                                                                                    Party of the Second Part.

(                                       )                                                                                                                                                                                           (                                                )



1.Name and Address.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Signature





FIR How To File In Person Online.

We hear a lot of talk about FIR or The First Information Report.

The FIR is an important Document that is needed  for any case.

First Information Report India

Slightest mistake can prove costly.

This has to be filed in the Police Station under whose jurisdiction the area of Crime falls.

If the Policeman a Police Station refuse to file case citing jurisdiction problems , file it with the Commissioner’s Office wherever it is available or file Online.


It must be filed immediately. Cause for delay may be mentioned, if there is any.

2. If given orally, it MUST be taken down in writing and explained to you by the officer in charge, at a Police Station within the jurisdiction of which the offence has taken place.

3. There should be four copies recorded simultaneously, with carbon sheets in place.

4. Recorded in the first person.It may be filed in English or in your Regional Language.

5. Avoid complicated, technical words, terminologies , unnecessary details and more importantly do not offer your views.

6.No overwriting or coring out.

7. Ensure that the arrival/departure time is mentioned in the FIR and in the Daily Diary Register at the Police Station

8. It must contain authentic information, including these necessary bits of information:

– What information do you want to convey?
– In what capacity are you providing the information?
– Who is the perpetrator of the crime?
– Who has the crime been committed against – victim /complainant?
– When was it committed (time)?
– Where was it committed (specific place /locality/area)?
– Why do you think it was committed?
– Which way (actual process involved) was it committed?
– Were there any witnesses? (Names will be required here.)
– What were the losses? (Money /valuables/ possessions /physical damage etc.)
– What were the traces at the scene of the crime? (Weapons/evidence if any.)

9. After completion, you MUST carefully read the document and sign it.

10. It must be recorded by the officer in the book maintained for this purpose by the State Government.

11. You have the right to and must get a copy of it for your records.  You are not required to pay for the same.

12. You are not required by law to give an affidavit.

Obtain a copy the FIR and remember the FIR Number.

Scan the copy and keep it in GDrive or in any form in your computer for safety.

Ensure that you have a witness while you fill out the FIR.

Be respectful to the Policemen.

Do not throw your weight around.

This will complicate issues.

How to file a FIR Online.

Please visit this Link and File FIR Online.