Hinduism

Sharada Devi in in Sardinia Italy Greek Hindu Connection


Various references to Sanatana Dharma,Hinduism,are found  in Italy and Greece.

Greeks were referred to as Yavana in the Vedic Texts, Puranas and ancient Tamil literature.

Yavanas were described to be beyond Gandhara. There was another country mentioned in the epic as Parama Yona, in the far west of Yavana. This could be the Ionia ofGreece, somehow related to Indian Ionians or Yavanas. The name Yavana could be the Sanskritized form of the name Ionia. Yavanas, Sakas, Pahlavas and Hunas were sometimes described as Mlechhas. Sometimes along with them, the Madras, Kambojas, Kekeyas, Sindhus and Gandharas were included. This name was used to indicate their cultural differences with the Vedic culture, prevailed in the Kuru-Panchala Kingdoms…

Yavana was the name of one of the sons of Maharaja Yayati who was given the part of the world known as Turkey to rule. Therefore the Turks are Yavanas due to being descendants of Maharaja Yavana. The Yavanas were therefore kshatriyas, and later on, by giving up the brahminical culture, they became mleccha-yavanas. Descriptions of the Yavanas are in the Mahabharata (Adi-parva 85.34). Another prince called Turvasu was also known as Yavana, and his country was conquered by Sahadeva, one of thePandavas. The western Yavana joined with Duryodhana in the Battle of Kurukshetra under the pressure of Karna. It is also foretold that these Yavanas also would invadeIndia in the Kaliyuga . (Srimad Bhagavatam 2.4.18

“… in the ports of southern India, where the early Tamil poems of uncertain date speak of a settlement of the Yavanas.”(1) The same author (2) does not follow the assumption that Yavanas were Roman traders, although she points out that between the first-second cent BC up to and included the third-fourth cent AD, rightly or wrongly “the term yavana denoted an Ionian Greek”.(3) On pages 83–5 she makes mention of early Indian literature where foreigners were dubbed “yavana”, and points to an Asokan inscription where a border-people is given this appellation. In central and western India, she says, Yavana “figure prominently as donors to the Buddhist Sangha”.

Considering these facts it is not surprising to find the name Sharada , called as Sarda in Sardinia, Italy.

Scholars may pursue the issue.

Sringeri Sharada Devi,image,jpg

Sringeri Sharada Devi

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yavana_Kingdom

Sarda, Sardinia,Italy

THIS IS ‘THE MOTHER GODDESS SARDA prenuragic Ozieri culture (3500-2700 BC), Sardinia

Etruscan civilisation existed around 8 century 2 BC in Italy and is believed to have ruled the whole of Italy.

But very little information is available about them.

One of the reasons, like what Christianity has done to African Religion, is the systematic obliteration of the Etruscan civilization and its history by the Romans.

“Etruscan civilization is the modern English name given to a civilization of ancient Italy. Its homeland was in the area of central Italy, just north of Rome, which is today called Tuscany.

In ancient times there was a strong tradition that the Etruscan had emigrated from Lydia, on the eastern coast of present-day Turkey. Modern historians have largely discounted this idea, and believe that the Etruscan were an indigenous population – a belief largely confirmed by modern DNA studies. The sudden flowering of Etrsucan civilization at a date earlier than other indigenous peoples of central and northern Italy probably points to the blossoming of strong trading relations between the peoples of the area – identified by modern scholars as belonging to the Iron-age Villanovan culture – and merchants (and possibly some colonists) from the eastern Mediterranean. Mining of metals, especially copper and iron, would have led to early enrichment for the Etruscans, and to a higher material culture than other Italic peoples.

The Etruscan civilization lasted from the 8th century BC to the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC. In the 6th century the Etruscans expanded their influence over a wide area of Italy. They founded city-states in northern Italy, and to the south, their influence expanded down into Latium and beyond. Early Rome was deeply influenced by Etruscan culture (the word “Rome” is Etruscan). The Etruscans also gained control of Corsica.

Between the late 6th and early 4th centuries BC, Etruscan power declined. To the south, the rising power of the Greek city-states of Sicily and southern Italy weakened Etruscan political and military influence, and cities which they had either dominated or founded, such as Rome, threw out their overlords and became independent city-states. In the north, Gallic tribes moved into northern Italy and destroyed the Etruscan cities there. However, in their homeland the Etruscan cities remained powerful, and were formidable opponents of the rising power of Rome. It was only over a long period, in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC, that they surrendered their independence to the Romans…

Legend states that at the beginning of the Etruscan Age, the city of Rome was founded by the twin sons of the war God Mars. Their names were Romulus and Remus. The boys had been abandoned by their divine father and Etruscan mother and were reared in the forest by a she-wolf. This is a slightly different version of the story of the Hindu epic Ramayana where the divine king Sri Rama abandons Sita and his twin sons, Luva and Kusha. The two boy were reared by their mother and Rishi Valmiki in his forestashram.

In the Etruscan legend, the twins are raised by a she-wolf in the forest, but that probably emerges from a confusion between the Sanskrit terms ‘rishi’ (ऋषि) which means a ‘sage’ and the Sanskrit ‘vriki’ (वृकी) which means a ‘she-wolf’ – considering that the fame of Sri Rama had traversed west from India by the time of the Etruscans. And a treasure trove of Etrsucan paintings bears out this argument….

For more read here

Sanskrit names in Greece.Map.gif

Sanskrit names in Greece.

Now the Image of Sharada Devi  has been found here.( the image is slightly modified from the Idol we worship)

 

 

The language (or the languages) spoken in Sardinia during the Bronze Age is unknown . According to some reconstructions, the Proto-Sardinian language was akin to Basque with similarities with ancient Iberian, or even Etruscan. Other scholars believe that there were various linguistic areas (two or more), possibly pre-indoeuropeans and indoeuropeans.

Names of Sanskrit origins abound in Greece and it is therefore important to look at Edward Pococke’s view put forth in his book, ‘India in Greece’. His view was that in antiquity tribes of Indian origin moved westward and left their trail in the names of rivers and mountains and cities and towns, across Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Greece and Italy. For example Pococke traced the name of ‘Macedonia’ or Makedonia to the ‘Maghadan’ tribe of India. 

According to Count M. Bjornstjena as stated in his book ‘The Theogony of the Hindoos’ published in 1844, there is at least an indirect link between the Vedic god Shiva nd Dodona via the Temple of Ammon in Egypt. He says,”… several names of the Hindoo mythology are recognized in Egypt; thus Ammon the Supreme God of the Egyptians correspons to the Aum of the Hindus; and the Brahmanical Siva is found in the temple to which Alexander the Great made his pilgrimage from Egypt which yet bears his name…”. He adds, “According to the accounts of the priests in Sais to Herodotus, two priestesses were sent from the great temple of Ammon in Thebes to select spots in which sacredotal temple be erected, the one pointed out Siva in the Libyan desert, the other to Dodona in Epirus….”.  

‘Pococke had put forth the view that there was an exodus of many tribes that moved westwards and settled all along the path from India to Greece. Notice the following place names in Greece and their Sanskrit meanings. 

 
1. Trikala: Trikala (त्रिकाल) in Sanskrit is ‘the triad of ‘past, present and future’. The city of Trikala is built on the ancient site by the name Trikka. In Sanskrit ‘trika’ (त्रिक)  also means a ‘triad’. Though the ancient city of ‘Trikka’ is said to have been named after a Greek mythology nymph, her name ‘Trikka’ has no meaning in Greek.

2. Arta:  ‘Arta (आर्त) or ‘Artha’ (आर्थ) means ‘significant’ in Sanskrit.

3. Pramanda:  ‘Pramanda’ is probably a distortion of the sanskrit ‘pramanya’ (प्रामान्य) which means ‘authority’.

4. Paraga: ‘Paraga’ (पारग) means ‘learned’.

5. Andritsena: ‘Andritsena’ is a compound Sanskrit word where ‘anidrit’ (अनिद्रित) means ‘watchful’ and ‘senA’ (सेना) means an ‘army’, though ‘sena’  (सेन) is also often used as an ending syllable in a name of a person.

6. Krandidi: ‘Kranidi’  may be a corruption of ‘krandas’ (क्रन्दस्) that is ‘battle cry’.

7. Patra:  Patra (पात्र ) means a command, though the name of ‘Patra’ in Greece and ‘Petra‘ in Jordon have been linked to the meaning ‘stone’ and could therefore be derived from Sanskrit ‘prastar’ (प्रस्तर) also meaning ‘stone’.

8. Thebes: The present day Thiva was known as ‘Thebes’ in antiquity, its name a distortion of Khiva that Pococke traces to ‘Kubera’.

9. Kalamata: Kalamata in Sanskrit simply means ‘Goddess of Time’ which is the ‘Kali-mata’ of the Vedic tradition. Though the Greek ‘Kala’ means ‘good’, similar to Sanskrit ‘kalayan’, the Greek city ‘Kalamata’ is said to get its name from Greek ‘kalamia’ meaning ‘reed’. But whether it is the true source of ‘kala’ remains uncertain.

The word ‘kala’ appears in other Greek city names such as ‘Kalabaka’ and ‘Kalamaki’. ‘Kalabaka’ is said  to have Turkish origins where it means ‘Strong Fort’. ‘Kalamaki’ is translated as ‘Little reed’ and is the also the Greek name of a Turkish town by the name ‘Kalkan’.

A simpler explanation one might think is that the word ‘kala’ may have to do with the Sanskrit ‘kala’ (काल) meaning ‘time’.

10. Then there was ‘Damastium’ located 5 miles away from the Oracle of Dodon. Pococke states that ‘dama’ and ‘damma’ are distortions of the Sanskrit ‘dharma’ (धर्मं) meaning ‘duty’. The ‘astium’ in Damastium says Pococke is a distortion of the Sanskrit ‘asti’ (अस्ति) that is ‘to be’. Damastium in Greece was a place for the ‘residing priests’.
11. Domoskos: Domokos is probably a distortion of ‘Dharma-desh’ (धर्म-देश) meaning ‘Land of Dharma’.


Ionians appear in Indic literature and documents as Yavana and Yona as well as in the documentation of the ‘Edicts of Ashoka’, dated to 250 BC. Before then, the Yavanas appear in the Vedas. In the Vedas, the Yavanas are a kingdom of Mlechhas, or barbarians, to the far west, out of the line of descent of Indic culture and in general refer to the Greeks.

Citations and Reference.
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Corruption, India

Sonia Gandhi And Antique Idols Theft


There were reports that Sonia Gandhi was implicated in the Idols Thefts in India.

 

 

“What about the arrest and jailing of Sonia Gandhi for smuggling antique idols out of India.

On 1-8-02, smuggling of India’s antique artifacts by Sonia Gandhi was brought up in the Indian Parliament by a Samata Party member.

Many Indians have visited Italy and had seen the shops owned by Sonia Gandhi, alias Edvige Antonia Albina Maino. .

This has never been a secret. There is an antique store called Ganapathi in Orbassano, Italy, Sonia’s native place.

The shop is owned by her relatives. Her smuggling activities began during Indira Gandhi‘s premiership when Sonia was only Mrs Rajiv Gandhi.

Sonia Gandhi an illiterate housemaid coming from a poor Italian mason’s family, money making was the first criteria, when she married Rajiv

. She never had education, but had herself certified as an art expert, which gave her the opportunity to certify Indian artifacts, as to which were museum pieces and which were not.

Election Commissioner Navin Chawla’s wife Rupika Chawla not only helped Sonia, but has even supplied Indian antiques to Sonia for smuggling in to Italy.

Sonia was close to Cultural Attache at the Italian Embassy and he used to smuggle artifacts via diplomatic courier bags which escaped customs inspection.

This Cultural Attache was later withdrawn by the Italian Government

. Antique smuggling and money laundering by Sonia with LTTE help was going on since 1984.

Boyfriend Quattrocchi,wanted in Bofors, was buying arms from Phuket, Thailand for LTTE. Rajiv killing by LTTE if probed further by CBI-led MDMA, of Jain Commission would have revealed the conspiracy with LTTE in the assassination of Rajiv killing.

Sonia systematically plundered and exported the ancient treasures of India, especially temple sculptures of Tamil Nadu, Andhra, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh, Mughal paintings and precious gems in Indian Museums, all protected and banned from export under the Antiquities and Art Treasures Act, 1972

The CBI had in 1993 registered cases on such illegal exports from a Chennai suburb to an identified person in Italy. Festival of India was used as a ploy to smuggle out treasures.

In this Sonia took the help Arjun Singh while he was MP, CM, art expert Martand Singh, a Pakistani couple Muneer and Farida Attaullah, London based Pakistani ISI fixer Salman Thassir a prince of Kuwait, and even the LTTE.

Quattrocchi the Italian rogue was right hand man for Rajiv Gahdi. Rajiv Gandhi used to send faxes of cabinet decisions to Win Chadda which was seen by every one.

Annual holidays and even weekly holidays are spend together by Quattrocchi family and Sonia family together. quattrocchi was arrested on 6th Feb 2007 and yet the news has come out on 23-2-2007.

Sonia with the help of CBI and our tainted judges is trying to cover up the biggest theft of public money by Rajiv gandhi. Sonia bofors frozen money in the bank to her boy friend. Yet the media was silent”

Comment in The Times of India. dated 9 May 2012.

Sonia Gandhi Idol Theft.

 

Now there is news that Indian Officials did not follow-up the lead.

 

Implications?

 

Rebuttal of this allegation is welcome and there seems to be no rebuttals as on Date.

 

The Toledo Museum of Art has a mea culpa page on its website. Following widespread coverage of the Kapoor case in the media in India as well in the US, the museum has declared that it had bought eight items including a dancing Ganesha idol most likely belonging to Sripuranthan. The webpage acknowledges that similarities exist between the idol in its possession and the photograph of the idol sent by Tamil Nadu police.

But to set its record straight, the museum has said that it wrote to the Indian Consulate General in New York in 2013 requesting their assistance in establishing the true provenance of the Ganesha idol. It sent a letter to S Jaishankar, the Ambassador of India, asking for his assistance in February 16, 2014, but hasn’t heard back from Indian officials so far.

The lack of response from Indian consular officials is only a part of the red tape that needs to be cut to bring back the Kapoor treasures. The Tamil Nadu police here have a l s o b e e n bogged down by internal delays . Officials express frustration at the bureaucratic delays involved in reaching their letters of rogatory to the concerned parties. A senior police officer said: “Every letter prepared by CID’s idol wing police personnel in the state is forwarded to the Interpol division of CBI in Delhi.

Citations.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/Indian-officials-in-US-ignore-museums-request-to-ID-idol/articleshow/32178998.cms

 

 

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India

Italy Returns Marines Only Power Talks


Now Italy has agreed to return the marines involved in the killing of Fishermen in Kerala, India.

earlier Italy refused to return the marines who had gone to Italy from Indian Custody after an undertaking by the Italian Ambassador  to The Supreme Court of India that they would be returned  to India.

When Italy reneged on its commitment, India made a smart move in moving the Supreme court which blocked the Italian ambassador Mancini from leaving India and a blazing row ensued between India and Italy.

India’s firm stand against EUs quoting Vienna conventions India refused to buckle.

This has paid off.

Obviously Power usually works!

Wish India does it with Pakistan and Sri Lanka s well.

Story:

Italian Marines involved in the Murder of Indian Fishermen,

Italian Marines involved in the Murder of Indian Fishermen,

NEW DELHI—Bowing to pressure from New Delhi, Rome announced two Italian marines will return to India to stand trial on murder charges, a move that is likely to end a diplomatic impasse between the two countries.

Following discussions with Indian officials, the government of Prime Minister Mario Monti said that the two men—Massimiliano Latorre and Salvatore Girone—will be returning to India on Friday.

“Indian authorities have given us a written assurance that the marines will be treated well, and that their rights will be respected,” the Italian government said in a statement on Thursday night.

Rome was previously worried that the two men risked the death penalty in India, a form of punishment that is banned in Italy.

Foreign Minister Salman Khurshid, in a statement to Parliament Friday, said his government informed Italian officials that capital punishment is not applicable in this case.

The men are accused of fatally shooting two Indian fishermen off the coast of southern India last year. They deny they committed murder.

They were detained by local police, sparking a disagreement between Italy and India over where they should be tried.

India’s Supreme Court in January ordered its own courts have jurisdiction and said the criminal case will be handled in a special court in Delhi.

Italy contended the men should be tried in Italy as the incident occurred in international waters.

A month later, the court agreed to a request from Italian Ambassador Daniele Mancini, on behalf of his government, to allow the two men to travel to Italy for a four-week period to vote.

Last week, Italy announced the naval officers would not be returning to India as planned, a decision that led to an escalating diplomatic crisis.

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324103504578375721264728796.html

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Interesting and funny, internet

‘Your Facebook Profile after Your Death’ Video


For those who remain Immortal or leave something of themselves to posterity!

Me, I will be leaving behind only my children!

Facebook.

Facebook profile.

‘Nobody knows exactly when the 39-year-old, who went by the online moniker “Dare Dellcan,” took his life. Nobody knows why the normally cheery creative director and design company owner did it. And for the first couple of days, few people besides the police officers who found his body on July 16 knew he was dead.

The day after the discovery, a message appeared on Dowdell’s Facebook wall.

“I am a friend of Anthony’s. I wish I could call you all to inform you personally and this is probably a crappy way to find this out but our dear friend Anthony aka Ant aka Dare Dellcan has passed away. It is confirmed. I live around the corner and I have spoken with authorities this evening … I am only sharing this because if I was Anthony’s friend, I would want to know too. And I know that Anthony had friends all over the place.”

Dowdell had 692 friends on the social network. They were in New Jersey, where he lived, New York City, where he was raised, and spread from Los Angeles to Miami. A few were in Brazil and Italy. As with most people on Facebook, they were former girlfriends and dates-turned-friends, high school and college classmates, co-workers. Many hadn’t seen him in years. Most didn’t know each other.

The message on Facebook, linked to a newspaper article about an unnamed manfound dead in a truck in the store’s parking lot, is how nearly all learned of Dowdell’s death.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/07/death-facebook-dead-profiles_n_2245397.html

 

 

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Interesting and funny

2000 Year Old Ship Found with Food, Edible.


Why do not we understand what the preservatives have been used?

Story:

'Shipwreck with Food intact,

Divers examine one of an estimated 200 pots found on a shipwreck off the coast of Italy. The pots are so well-preserved food remains inside them

One of the best preserved shipwrecks ever found has been discovered off the Italian coast.

Divers say they have found a ship off the coast of Italy which they believe is about 2,000 years old.

The ship, which was spotted in the sea off the town on Varazze in the province of Liguria, is thought to be a Roman-era commercial vessel.
 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2185958/2-000-year-old-shipwreck-discovered-Italy-preserved-FOOD-intact.html#ixzz236qjUsgY

THE ROMAN MENU

The ship was found to be carrying over 200 pots containing food.

Initial tests have found pickled fish, which was often used to create a sauce called garum.

Garum was a popular staple of menus for wealthly Romans, made from fermented fish and served as a side dish to meals.

It was created by placing fatty fish such as sardines along with fish guts and blood into a large container with herbs and layers of salt.

The container was then left in the sun for several days, before being mixed ever day for around 20 days, until it became a liquid.

Other foodstuffs found in the pots include wine, oil and grain.

Shipwreck with Food Intact

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