Dental Surgery Ancient India Indus Valley 9000 Years


I have written quite a few articles on the Advanced Scientific Concepts in ancient India.

On,

Mathematics, Physics,Chemistry,Botany,Zoology,Biology,Molecular Biology,Molecular Physics,Astronomy,Quantum Theory,Cloning,Aeroplane construction,Space travel,Surgery..

Dental drilling Vedic India.image.

Dentistry Ancient India,Indus valley.

Now evidence of Dentistry being practiced in Vedic India has come to light in the form of finds in Meghrab,Pakistan.

The period assigned to this is around 9000 years ago.

I date the Vedic period much,much earlier.

Please read my articles on this.

Dentistry in Indus Valley Report.

Man’s first known trip to the dentist occurred as early as 9,000 years ago, when at least 9 people living in a Neolithic village in Pakistan had holes drilled into their molars and survived the procedure.

The findings, to be reported Thursday in the scientific review Nature, push back the dawn of dentistry by 4,000 years to around 7000 B.C. The drilled molars come from a sample of 300 individuals buried in graves at the Mehrgarh site in western Pakistan, believed to be the oldest Stone Age complex in the Indus River valley.

“This is certainly the first case of drilling a person’s teeth,” said David Frayer, professor of anthropology at the University of Kansas and the lead author of the report. “But even more significant, this practice lasted some 1,500 years and was a tradition at this site. It wasn’t just a sporadic event.”

The earliest previously known evidence of dental work done in vivo was a drilled molar found in a Neolithic graveyard in Denmark dating from about 3000 B.C.

All 9 of the Mehrgarh dental patients were adults — 4 females, 2 males, and 3 individuals of unknown gender — and ranged in age from about 20 to over 40. Most of the drilling was done on the chewing surfaces of their molars, in both the upper and lower jaws, probably using a flint point attached to a bow that made a high-speed drill, the researchers say. Concentric ridges carved by the drilling device were found inside the holes.

The drilling may have been done to relieve the pain and damage of tooth rot, but only 4 of the total of 11 teeth showed signs of decay associated with the holes. The scientists say it is clear that the holes were not made for aesthetic reasons, given their position deep in the mouth and on the erosion-prone surface of the teeth.

While there is no evidence of fillings, the researchers believe something was used to plug the holes because some of them were bored deep into the teeth. What that filler substance was is unknown. The holes ranged in depth from a shallow half-a-millimeter to 3.5 millimeters, deep enough to pierce the enamel and enter the sensitive dentin.

Dental health was poor at Mehrgarh, though the problems were less often tooth decay than brutal wear and tear. Roberto Macchiarelli, professor of paleoanthropology at the University of Poitiers, France, and the report’s lead anthropological researcher, attributed the bad teeth to the Neolithic diet, which included newly domesticated wheat and barley.

“A lot of abrasive mineral material was introduced when grains were ground on a stone,” Professor Macchiarelli said, “and as these people moved to a grain diet, their teeth wore down, dentin was exposed, and the risk of infection rose.”

The Mehrgarh complex, occupied for 4,000 years, sits beside the Bolan River in Baluchistan, on a plain that was repeatedly buried in alluvial deposits that not only destroyed mud-brick buildings but crushed many skeletons in the graveyard. The excavation of 300 individuals was begun by a French team in the 1980’s; international groups followed until 2001, when it became too dangerous to work in Baluchistan.

None of the individuals with drilled teeth appears to have come from a special tomb or sanctuary, indicating that the oral health care they received was available to anyone in the society.

Professor Frayer said that, given the position of the holes and the angles of the drilling, “we’re pretty sure these were not self-induced.” That the patients lived to tell the tale of their dental visit is proved, he says, by subsequent wearing down of their teeth and by deliberate smoothing and widening of the holes later on.

The dentists may have been highly skilled artisans at Mehrgarh, where beads of imported lapis lazuli, turquoise, and carnelian were found drilled with holes even smaller than the ones in the nine individuals. Discovered among the beads were finely tipped drill heads.

“The drilling of teeth is very rare in the anthropological record,” said Professor Macchiarelli, noting that work similar to that done at Mehrgarh does not recur until much later, among the Anasazi Indians of the southwest United States around 1100 A.D., and in Europe around 1500 A.D.

[The 1,500-year-long tradition of drill work at Mehrgarh appears not to have been passed down to later cultures. There is no evidence that the Chalcolithic, or Copper Age, people who next lived there ever visited the dentist. Why the practice came to a halt is not known.

Indus Valley Inscriptions Written In Tamil


Thee have been several approaches to understand the Indus Valley script.

 

 

Understanding Indus Valley Script.Imge.jpg.

Understanding Indus Valley Script.

 

After trying out a multilingual approach, it is now evident that the best approach to decipher the Indus Valley scripts is through Tamil, a language of Great antiquity which it shares with Sanskrit.

 

Please read m post Million eras old Tamil quotes Vedas, the quote Tamil.

 

Despite repeated concerted attempts to divide Indians and Hinduism b bringing in , now disproved , Aryan Invasion Theory, facts come to light.

 

Even in the paper , from which I am posting excerpts,the author tries gamely to trace the Tamil language to Sahara, then from there to Iran.

 

What he missed out is Iran was  apart of Bharatavarsha and kandhara, present Kandahar, was the birth place of Gandhari, wifre of Dhritharashtra, mother  of the Kauravas of  Mahabharata.

 

So compelling is the evidence that he is forced to conclude,albeit grudgingly,

 

” The Indus Valley inscriptions were
written in Tamil. It was a syllabic writing
system related to linear Elamite writing
and Proto-Sumerian seals21,22. The Indus
Valley writing was probably not used to
write the Indo-Aryan language because
the Aryan speakers did not arrive in
India until after 1600 BC (refs 40 and 41).’

 

The findings of tamil seals in Indusvalle and the Indus valley seals in Adhichanallur in Tamil Nadu has forced him to do so.

 

Even then, the tenor of the paper is to show that the Tamils and the Vedic people were living independent of each other and the presence of the Tamil seals is by the Tamils settled from Sahara, who were the ancestors of Tamils!

 

That the archaeological  facts are found in both the places , south and north need not mean that the have been used at different points of Time alone.

 

The could have been used simultaneously when people lived together, much like the North Indians living in South and the South Indians in the North.

 

It does mean to convey to the future generations that we have lived separately as distinct group, being mutually exclusive,s but together, though with our own customs and customs adopted from the locals, as we do now.

 

Excerpts.

 

From

 

Dravidian is the language of the Indus writing .

Clyde Winters

The Indus Valley writing is not a multilingual system of writing. The writing indicates that this population
was literate and spoke a Dravidian language. The study also indicates that the Indus Valley writing was not
used to write an Indo-Aryan language, because the Aryans did not arrive in India until after 1600 BC.

 

1220Indus Valley Inscription In Tamil

 

Citation.

 

http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/103/10/1220.pdf

 

Image.

 

https://ramanan50.files.wordpress.com/2014/06/dcb7d-image1611.jpg