History of India Ancient To 18 Century Authentic Controversial Books Writers

Knowledge of Prakrit and Pali would be advantageous.

Then one must read texts from Indian languages, other than Sanskrit, like Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Bengali.

And one should refer to Jain and Buddhist texts from India and from other countries like Sri Lanka, Thailand, Korea, Vietnam and Cambodia.

They have their origins in Bharatvarsha.

Will be writing on sources from Indian regional languages and from Ancient Historians from the West.

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There are ancient and medieval sources from India on Indian history.

Many are unaware of them.

The Vedas also contain history if one were to have patience and command over Sanskrit.

Dasarjaneya war, the Battle of Ten Kings, incidentally it is the first war recorded in history, is described in the Vedas.

The Satapada Brahman as contain valuable information on Kings and Vedic life.

The major Puranas, eighteen in number are ancient history.

There are Upa Puranas.

Puranas Upa Puranas List

Ramayana and Mahabharata, the two Epics of India provide historical information.

One of the rules for a Purana to be classified as such is that it should detail the lineage of kings.

Then there is a gap of about five hundred years.

Texts written on Indian history are unavailable as India had the system of transmitting through oral traditions.

Knowledge of Prakrit and Pali would be advantageous.

Then one must read texts from Indian languages, other than Sanskrit, like Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Bengali.

And one should refer to Jain and Buddhist texts from India and from other countries like Sri Lanka, Thailand, Korea, Vietnam and Cambodia.

They have their origins in Bharatvarsha.

Will be writing on sources from Indian regional languages and from Ancient Historians from the West.

Hope this would help researchers to read the source and know the real history of India.

Banabhatta 7th century.

Asaga 9th-century century,

Kalhana 12th century,

He mac handrail 12th century,

Hasan Nizam, 13 th century

Abdul Malik Isami , 14th century,

Ziauddin Barani, 14th century,

  • Abul Fazl Mamuri, 15th century,

  • Jonaraja,
    15th century,
  • Padmanābha,
    15th century,
  • Shrivara,
    15th century,

    Yahya bin Ahmad Sirhindi,

  • 16th century
  • Abbas Sarwani
  • Abu’l-Fazl ibn Mubarak
  • `Abd al-Qadir Bada’uni
  • Gulbadan Begum
  • Prajna Bhatta
  • Nizamuddin Ahmad

Muhammad Saleh Kamboh 17th century

Mahipati, 18th century.

Lakshminath Bezbaroa 19th century

Binodini Dasi, 19th century

Sisir Kumar Ghosh

Vaikkath Pachu Moothathu

Mahipatram Rupram Nilkanth

Vrajlal Shastri

Reference and Citation

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Indian_historians_by_century

Hanuman Vanaras Existed 2,50,000 Years Ago? Homo Heidelbergensis

Home sapiens were our ancestors.

Hanuman His described as Chiranjeevi, Immortal.

Vanaras, to which Hanuman is reported to belong were not Apes

Valmiki observes that they can speak and intelligent

Hanuman had authored Sanskrit Grammar before Panini.


Ancestors of Homo sapiens were Homo heidelbergensis.

Home sapiens were our ancestors.

Hanuman is described as Chiranjeevi, Immortal.

Vanaras, to which he is reported to belong were not Apes.

Valmiki observes that they could speak and were intelligent

Hanuman had authored Sanskrit Grammar before Panini.

Hanuman is described as Wise.

There are Mantras that are addressed to Hanuman for better communication skills and mental strength.

In the light of following information could it be that Vanaras as a species existed 2,50,000 years ago?

In India?

Indian Thought does not support Darwinian Theory of Evolution

Species co existed.

This is being proved by recent researches in Biology and Archeology.

I had written earlier about Hanuman being possibly the equivalent of Neanderthals.

Hanuman is described as Immortal, Chiranjeevi

.Asia remained as reservoir of all races moving in to Europe.

2.For reasons not very known’ Humans started pushing towards Europe, this is presumed to be due to a cataclysmic event like flood or long dry periods.

3.Access to Europe was easy as the Russian plains were there to cross over effortlessly.

4.The complex structure of European geological features made these groups entering into Europe to become small groups settling n pockets.

The Basques settled in the North of Pyrenees, Celts in Wales,Ireland and north-west of Scotland,Lombard in Italy,

In the Fourth Century AD, out of Asia came the Huns,predecessor of Germans),Tatars.’

https://www.google.co.in/amp/s/ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/07/18/hanuman-vanaras-are-neanderthals-of-india/amp/

heidelbergensis

Where Lived: Europe; possibly Asia (China); Africa (eastern and southern)
When Lived: About 700,000 to 200,000 years ago

This early human had a very large browridge, and a larger braincase and flatter face than older early human species. It was the first early human species to live in colder climates; their ­­­short, wide bodies were likely and to conserving heat. It lived at the time of the oldest definite control of fire and use of wooden spears, and it was the first early human species to routinely hunt large animals. This early human also broke new ground; it was the first species to build shelters, creating simple dwellings out of wood and rock.

Year of Discovery: 1908
History of Discovery:

In 1908 near Heidelberg, Germany, a workman found the of H. heidelbergensis in the Rösch sandpit just north of the village of Mauer. This was nearly complete except for the missing premolars and first two left molars; it is heavily built and lacks a chin. German scientist Otto Schoentensack was the first to describe the specimen and proposed the name Homo heidelbergensis.

Before the naming of this species, scientists referred to early human fossils showing traits similar to both Homo erectus and modern humans as ‘archaic’ Homo sapiens.

Height: Males: average 5 ft 9 in (175 cm); Females: average 5 ft 2 in (157 cm)
Weight: Males: average 136 lbs (62 kg); Females: average 112 lbs (51 kg)

We don’t know everything about early humans—but we keep learning more! Paleoanthropologists are constantly in the field, excavating new areas with groundbreaking technology, and continually filling in some of the gaps about our understanding of human evolution.

Below are some of the still unanswered questions about Homo heidelbergensis that may be answered with future discoveries:

.Smithsonian

  1. Did this early human indeed range in time from 1.3 million to 200,000 years ago, and in geography from Africa to Europe to Asia? Or are there more than one species represented among the fossils that some scientists call H. heidelbergensis (including H. antecessor, H. cepranensis, and H. rhodesiensis)?
  2. Many scientists think this species was ancestral tor n, but which species wancDidbehaviorceTheir model begins about 250,000 years ago, when Homo heidelbergensis arrived in India toting crude stone tools. Digs in central India in the 1980s turned up skeletal remains of the species, and other sites revealed almond-shaped hand axes chipped from stone.

Meanwhile in Africa modern humans arose about 190,000 years ago, most archaeologists believe. These humans too developed stone tools

.

Scattered evidence, such as red ochre—perhaps used as body paint—suggests early African humans also dabbled in the creative arts.

The new theory posits that as much as 70,000 years ago, a group of these modern humans migrated east, arriving in India with technology comparable to that developed by Homo heidelbergensis.

“The tools were not so different,” Petraglia says. “The technology that the moderns had wasn’t of a great advantage over what [Homo heidelbergensis] were using.”

But modern humans outcompeted the natives, slowly but inexorably driving them to extinction, Petraglia says. “It’s just like the story in Western Europe, where [modern humans] drove Neandertals to extinction,” he says.

The modern humans who colonized India may also have been responsible for the disappearance of the so-called Hobbits, whose fossilized bones were discovered recently on the Indonesian island of Flores.

But Athreya of Texas A&M argues that the evidence for such a “replacement event” in India remains weak.

“You have to explain the reasons for the replacement, [such as] technical superiority,” she said.

Reference and Citation.

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/11/1114_051114_india_2.html

5000 Year Historical Site Ancient India, Balathal

Unfortunately for them the evidence being unearthed is so compelling and difficult to hide truth is emerging.

And there is an assumption that all civilizations have sprung from and developed only near River valleys.


Recent studies by Archeology pushes the date of Indian history to dates much earlier to the date of Rigveda, the earliest human literature.

The Rig Veda is dated about five thousand years back.

When on thinks of early Indian archaeological sites, one recalls only Mohenja Daro and Harappa and not any other sites. There are many more.

Kindly Google archaeological sites +ramanan50 to find out more.

Now another site.

Balathal in Rajasthan, India.

IT is dated between 3000-1500 BC.

The Purans of India are Indian history but they were dismissed as Fables.

Probably because the West did not want anything to be dated much farther from Christ!

Unfortunately for them the evidence being unearthed is so compelling and difficult to hide truth is emerging.

And there is an assumption that all civilizations have sprung from and developed only near River valleys.

I do not subscribe to this view.

World records speak of early hunters in mountainous regions and rock paintings prove this.

Ancient Tamil Classics speak of Mountain people, Kuravar, who are found even today in India and the Tamils have designated, grouped the landmass of mountain as Kurinji and have a detailed description of the life of people, Flora and Fauna of this region.

I am exploring this.

And even if only River valleys have supported early civilizations, we have explored partially only the Ganga, Industrial and Saraswathi rivers.

There are more important rivers mentioned in India texts where advanced civilizations existed in Bharatvarsha.

The list of some major rivers mentioned are expressed in the following Mantra, which is used by Brahmins during their prayers daily.

IT is Sandhyavandana.

This is performed thrice a day to Surya, the Sun God.

The same mantra is used for purification of ceremony of the Hindus, Punyahavachana.

The Mantra is,

Gange chari Yamune chaiva Godavari Saraswathi,

Narmadhe Sindhu Cauvey Jalesmin Sannidhim kuru.

Water resides in Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, Saraswathi, Narmadha, Sindhu and Cauvery.

There are more rivers which are ancient like Tamraparani, Tamil Nadu which flowed in Lemuria and there is Vaigai as well.

This needs to bet investigated for civilizations.

Many sites have now been unearthed on the banks River Vaigai, Madurai, Tamil Nadu.

Am studying these.

Be that as it may, to Balathal finding details herebelow from research paper.

Baithal site. Image
Baithal Udaipur Archoisite

Site Catchment Analysis of Balathal

Author:

Astha Dibyopama

Abstract

The excavations at Balathal (Udaipur district, Rajasthan), have produced evidence in respect to the origin of early farming community of Central India and brought to light traces of infant urbanization or proto-urbanization. There is also strong indications of a class-structured society and craft specialization. Site catchment analysis of Balathal will help to assess economic potential of the site; exploitation of natural resources, the nature of interaction with the sites located in the catchment area of Balathal and beyond and also determine the reasons for location of the site in a particular environmental niche.

How to Cite: Dibyopama, A., (2010). Site Catchment Analysis of Balathal. Ancient Asia. 2, pp.47–57. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/aa.10205

Reference and Citation.

https://www.ancient-asia-journal.com/articles/10.5334/aa.10205/

Balathal is an archaeological site located in Vallabhnagar tehsil of Udaipur district of Rajasthan state in western India. It is one of the ninety Ahar-culture sites located in the Basins of the Banas river and its tributaries. The excavations at Balathal produced evidence as to the origin of the early farming community of Central India and brought about traces of infant urbanization. There is also strong indications of a class-structured society and craft specialization.

    This site, located 6 km from Vallabhnagar town and 42 km from Udaipur city, was discovered by V. N. Misra during a survey in 1962-63. It was excavated from 1994 to 2000, jointly by the Department of Archaeology of the Deccan College Post-graduate and Research Institute, Pune and the Institute of Rajasthan Studies, Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, Udaipur under the direction of V. N. Misra of the Deccan College.[1] Balathal is one of the important sites in Mewar region of Rajasthan. The extensive excavations carried out at the site have produced vast amounts of data.This ancient site was occupied during two cultural periods: the Chalcolithic and the Early Historic.

Chalcolithic Phase (3000-1500 B.C.): Chalcolithic Period is characterized partially by its well-planned structures. Evidence from this era that was found includes: Evidence from this era that was found includes: clay, stone, shell, and copper objects, as well as floral and animal remains.

After the Chalcolithic phase, Balathal was abandoned for a long time until the Early Historic phase of the site’s activity.

Early Historic Phase (5-3 B.C.): The most compelling evidence found from the Early Historic period is that of iron working in the form of furnaces with nails, arrowheads, etc.'(Wikipedia) Baithal.

For more.

Skulls recovered indicate the presence of Leprosy.

http://www.rajras.in/index.php/balathal-archeological-site-ahar-banas-culture/

Who Ruled North India Tamil Nadu When Alexander India Invasion Chera Chola Nanda Kings List

I am providing the Indian Kings List who were ruling India at the time of Alexander’s presence in India.

The first point is that Alexander did nor conquer India,contrary to what we have been taught.

“Strabo, the Greek historian wrote: “Generally speaking, the men who have written on the affairs of India were a set of liars…Of this we became the more convinced whilst writing the history of Alexander.”


I have written quite a few articles on the History of India stressing the fact that the real history of India is not made public.

Even when one reads the doctored History of India,One finds that the facts recorded relating to the West presented are accepted and the corresponding facts,as vouched in the same western source,relating to India are dismissed as Legends,myths!

One such fact is the dismissal of Indian Kings who were contemporaries of Western Kings.

So much is the misinformation,One reader,after reading the Kings List of Tamil Nadu from 484 BC,wrote to me asking me to indicate the name of the Tamil King who ruled at the time of Alexander’s invasion of India.

I am providing the Indian Kings List who were ruling India at the time of Alexander’s presence in India.

The first point is that Alexander did nor conquer India,contrary to what we have been taught.

“Strabo, the Greek historian wrote: “Generally speaking, the men who have written on the affairs of India were a set of liars…Of this we became the more convinced whilst writing the history of Alexander.”

“Following Alexander’s failure to gain a position in India and the defeat of his successor Seleucus Nikator, relationships between the Indians and the Greeks and the Romans later, was mainly through trade and diplomacy. Also the Greeks and other ancient peoples did not see themselves as in any way superior, only different.”

This statement by Russia’s Marshal Gregory Zhukov on the Macedonian invasion of India in 326 BCE is significant because unlike the prejudiced colonial and Western historians, the Greeks and later Romans viewed Indians differently. For instance, Arrian writes in Alexander Anabasis that the Indians were the noblest among all Asians.’

“Strabo, the Greek historian wrote: “Generally speaking, the men who have written on the affairs of India were a set of liars…Of this we became the more convinced whilst writing the history of Alexander.”

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2016/01/16/porus-defeated-spared-alexander-life/

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2017/01/10/alexander-feared-bengalis-fled/

Indian influence in Greece and middle east was present very much earlier to Alexander.

The Shiva family returned to India through Russia, Kazakhstan, and Persia.

The Greek connection of Shiva.

Hercules is believed to be either Balram or Lord Krishna.-quoted by Megasthenes.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/02/05/dionysus-greek-god-is-shiva-migrated-from-south-india/

Alexander in India.

‘Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC),
In the winter of 327/326 BC, Alexander personally led a campaign against these clans; the Aspasioi of Kunar valleys, the Guraeans of the Guraeus valley, and the Assakenoi of the Swat and Buner valleys. A fierce contest ensued with the Aspasioi in which Alexander was wounded in the shoulder by a dart, but eventually the Aspasioi lost. Alexander then faced the Assakenoi, who fought in the strongholds of Massaga, Ora and Aornos.‘ Source for quote https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_the_Great

Now let us see who were the Indian Kings when Alexander visited India?

Nanda Dynasty.

Mahapadma Nanda ,Nanda Dynasty (c. 345 BCE–321 BCE)

Maurya Dynasty,Chandra Gupta Maurya, (c. 321–298 BCE)

Chera Dynasty, Kuttuvan Uthiyan Cheralaathan (350-328 BC);Imayavaramban Neduncheralaathan ( 328 BC- 270 BC).

( Chera Date from Aarunattar Cave inscriptions near Karur,Tamil Nadu.)

Source for Chera Date. http://pazhayathu.blogspot.in/2012/01/chera-kings-from-430-bc-to-2011-ad.html

Wikipedia reports thus on Chera kings

  1. Ilamkadungo (287–317)
  2. Kanaikal Irumporai (367–397) . I am following the Cave inscription as mentioned above.

Chola Dynasty.

  Kartaviryarjuna Introduced Sanatana Dharma in The South, Dakshinapada

Later, the Sanatana Dharma practices entered in its full scope, amalgamating Vedic practices and the Dakshinapda Culture.

So essentially the Dakshinapada culture is a Unique belend of the best in Sanatana Dharma and Dakshinapada/Tamil Culture.


When one observes India as a whole,one may find Unity amidst Diversity.

The Bond that unites People of India is its Culture developed by Sanatana Dharma.

However one must know that there was a parallel culture in India in the south called as Dakshinapada(Southern Paw,South).

This term was strictly used denoting the direction where the people lived.

Another term for South is Dravida.

Unfortunately, this term has been used to denote a race.

In the earlier days, these two cultures, Sanatana Dharma and Dakshinapada Culture flourished in India, then called Bharatavarsha.

Lord Rama’s ancestor Vaivaswatha Manu was a Dravida King and he migrated to Ayodhyadue to a Tsunami.

Please read my article Rama’s Ancestor. Manu Dravida.

This fact is recorded n the Bhagavatha Purana.

Manu left for North with his sons leaving his daughter behind.

Ila married Chandra and founded the Lunar Dynasty, while Ikshvaku founded the Solar Dynasty,Surya Vamsa to which Lord Ramachandra belongs.

The progeny of Ila continued ruling the Dakshina pada and developed a culture on their own.

This was slighlty different from the Sanatana Dharma culture , the main differnce is that Fire worship which is supreme among the Vedic people, was not followed initiallly in Dakshinapada.

And there were tribes in the Dakshinapada, one of them being Nagas.

These are the same Nagas whose descendants live in the NorthEast of India.

And these are the people who migrated to Americas and were the forerunners of Mayan, Inca Civilizations.

The term Asura means one who is powerful.

This term is used to refer to those from the Dakshinapada.

Another term used to denote people from the south was Rakshasa.

Rakshasas are reported to be powerful.

As in any groupthere were good and bad People among them.

In the world of the Ramayana and Mahabharata, Rakshasas were a populous race. There were both good and evil rakshasas, and as warriors they fought alongside the armies of both good and evil. They were powerful warriors, expert magicians and illusionists. As shape-changers, they could assume different physical forms. It was not always clear whether they had a true or natural form.As illusionists, they were capable of creating appearances which were real to those who believed in them or who failed to dispel them. Some of the rakshasas were said to be man-eaters, and made their gleeful appearance when the slaughter on a battlefield was at its worst. Occasionally they served as rank-and-file soldiers in the service of one or another warlord.

Aside from its treatment of unnamed rank-and-file Rakshasas, the epics tell the stories of certain members of the “race” who rose to prominence, some of them as heroes, most of them as villains.’ (Wiki on Rakshasa)

Because there belonged to a different culture, it was natural for some from Sanatana Dharma to portray them as evil.

However Sages like Valmiki,Vyasa, Agastya do not denigrate them unless they are found to be acting Dharma.

These Asuras,Rakshasas, were ruling a portion of Dakshinapada.

The King of Rakshasas was called Iraivan.

The term Ravana is sanskritised form of Iraivan.

Iraivan in Tamil denotes God.

As King is the protector of People, he was also called Iraivan.

One must, at this point of time, remember the Geography of India was different then.

It extended from the the Antarctic to Artic, with Oceans in between and Bharatavarsha was ruling thearth.

For more on this subject, please read my articles on Bharatavarsha,Lemuria,Kumarikandam.

Some portions of the south,Dakshinapda was ruled by Chera, Chola and Pandya Kings and hence they trace their ancestry to Surya Vamsa or Lunar Dynasty.

However , as said earlier they did not follow follow Sanatana Dharma, Vedic way of life in its entirety.

Hence they were called Dasyus, a derogatory term for Non followers of Vedic way of Life.

And the Dakshinapada had Shiva worship , which iwas not as prevalent in Sanatana Dharma.

Dakshinapada had Shiva worship and Tamil literature abounds in Shiva Worship.

Parallel Philosophical system was developed and it was Shaiva Siddhanta and Devi worship.

Yet the people of Dakshinapada worshipped Murugan(Subrahmanya),Vishnu(Mayon),Varuna,Indra and Devi corresponding the unique geographical divisions ,Kurinji,Mullai,Marutham, Neydhal and Paalai.

Later, the Sanatana Dharma practices entered in its full scope, amalgamating Vedic practices and the Dakshinapda Culture.

So essentially the Dakshinapada culture is a Unique belend of the best in Sanatana Dharma and Dakshinapada)Tamil Culture.

Who broght this change?

The earliest person to bring Sanatana Dharma was Karthaviryajuna, who ruled from Mahismathi as his Capital(Bahubali Fame Mahismathi)

Karthaviryajuna was the ancestor of Lord Rama.

He preceded Ramachandra by thirty generations as was a contemporary of Trayayaruna,grandfather of Harischandra.

Karthaviryajuna captured Mahismati from Karkota Naga a Dravidian King belonging to Dakshinapada.

Then he proceeded further down south and conquered Some Dakshina pada lands and In the process killed Jamadagni, father Of Bhargava Rama,popularly known as Parashurama.

While Sanatana Dharma made initial inroads through Karthaviryajuna, it was carried forward by Parashurama and Sage Agastya.

I shall write on this and also on the essential differnces in Religious practices between the Vedic People and pwople of the South, Dakshinapada.

References.

Ancient Historical Traditions by Pargiter.

Rig Veda Samhita.

Bhagavatham.D.R.Bhandarkar, Carmichael Lectures.

Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society.

History of the Tamils by P.T.Srinivasa Iyengar.

Related.

 

 

If some valuables go missing,if some your kith and kin go missing, the following Mantra shall ensure that the lost things are recovered and the lost person either returns or you get information about them

This has to be chanted, after bath, in the morning 18 times.

 

|| कार्तवीर्यार्जुनोनाम राजा बाहू सहस्त्रवान् |

तस्य नामस्मरणमात्रेण गतं नष्टं च लभ्यते ||

 

|| Kaartaveeryarjunonaam Raajaa Baahu Sahastravan |

Tasya NaamasmaraNamatreNa Gatam Nastham Cha Labhyate |

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/01/22/mantra-retrieval-of-things-persons-araikkaasu-amman/

History Of India 2 Eastern India Nation Of The Ganges Bengal Odisha Assam


When we read the History of a vast country like India,with its roots stretching back to over thousands of years,we should remember the landmass and the present poltical maps have no relevance.

The Ancient Indian kingdoms were 56 and I have listed them in another article.

We have to have a rough division of the Bharatvarsha into four regions for better understanding and remember that the borders of the Kingdoms were subject to periodical changes depending on which King won and annexed the vanquished territory.

I shall soon begin a Timeline of the Kings of India,though I had written on the List of Indian Kings.

And we may bear in mind that Bharathavarsha of ancient times was not limited to the present Geographical area of India.

I have written on the Rama Empire that encompassed the world and also that of Emperor Vikramaditya.

Now in the last article I had dealt with the History of India in general ,the Dynasties from Ikshvaku to Chandragupta.

It covered,though it speaks of Bharatvarsha in totality,it concentrated more on Central and North India as we know at present.

In this article,we shall check the Eastern Part of India.

Unlike the History of Central and North India,the Eastern,Southern and Western part of India are interwoven move intricately aming themselves.

For instance,the Eastern India was closely connected to Dravida Desa,the present South India.

The Eastern and Southern people,Dravidas were classified as Dasyus,that is who did not follow the Vedas in its entirety.

And while the Central and North Indian Kings expanded more towards North and North East of India,the Western and Southern  kings expanded their Kindoms towards the east of India to Micronesia and the present Australia.

The Southern ,Dravida kings ,in addition to East ,expanded their Kingdoms towards Middle East,Africa,Greece and the Americas.

The Eastern kingdoms comprised of the present West Bengal,Bangladesh,Assam,Odisha and Northeastern State.

The Eastern Indian polity comprised of five major tribes and were predominantly Kshatriyas and I itiallythey did not accept the Brahmins and the Vedas fully and hence were called Dasyus.

AngasVangasKalingas, Pundras and Suhmas shared a common ancestry.

Some interpretations suggest Dasyu means Slave (Monier Williams)

I take the well researched interpretation of Sri.P.T.Srinivasa Iyengar,in his ‘History of Tamils’that Dasyu means who do not follow Vedas in its entirety.

Hindu scriptures such as the Mahabharata suggest that ancient Bengal was divided among various tribes or kingdoms, including the Nishadas and kingdoms known as the Janapadas: Vanga (southern Bengal), Pundra (northern Bengal), and Suhma (western Bengal) according to their respective totems. ‘

The Vanga Kingdom was the first powerful seafaring nation of South Asia, especially Bengal. They had overseas trade relations with JavaSumatra and Siam (modern-day Thailand). According to Mahavamsa, the Vanga prince Vijaya Simhaconquered Lanka (modern-day Sri Lanka) in 544 BCE and gave the name “Sinhala” to the country. Bengali people migrated to the Malay Archipelago and Siam (in modern Thailand), establishing their own colonies there.

*I do not agree with these dates;they can be pushed earlier.

The Southern ,Dravida kings ,in addition to East ,expanded their Kingdoms towards Middle East,Africa,Greece and the Americas
These kingdoms find reference in thebAtharva Veda and Greek writers refer extensively these areas.

Gangaridai (GreekΓανγαρίδαι; Latin: Gangaridae) was an ancient region corresponding to the Ganges delta region of the Indian subcontinent, which was mentioned in the records of numerous Greco-Roman writers. The term means “nation of the Ganges” in Greek and Latin. It is one of the earliest references to the Bengal region in the Indian subcontinent (now divided between Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal). According to ancient Indian records, the Vanga Kingdom and Samatata Kingdom occupied the region during the same period. The capital of the Gangaridai is thought by some archaeologists to be situated at Kotalipara in present-day Gopalganj District, Bangladesh…..

Diodorus Siculus further describes “Gandaridae”:

Among the southern countries the first under the Kaukasos is India, a kingdom remarkable for its vast extent and the largeness of its population, for it is inhabited by very many nations, among which the greatest of all is that of the Gandaridae, against whom Alexander did not undertake an expedition, being deterred by the multitude of their elephants. This region is separated from farther India by the greatest river in those parts (for it has a breadth of thirty stadia), but it adjoins the rest of India which Alexander had conquered, and which was well watered by rivers and highly renowned for its prosperous and happy condition. –Diodorus Siculus (1st century AD). Quoted from Ancient India as Described in Classical Literature, John W. McCrindle, p. 201.’

Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the state.Remnants of Copper Age settlements in the Bengal region date back 4,000 years’

The Vanga Kingdom was an ancient seafaring thalassocracy during the Late Vedic period on the Indian Subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal. The boundary of the kingdom was naturally formed by the Padma and Bhagirathi rivers in the West, North and East; while the South was bounded by the Bay of Bengal. Its contemporary neighbouring states include SuhmaAngaPundravardhanaSamatata and Harikela..’

Harikela seems to have been the earliest people.

However ,Bhagadatta seems to have been the earliest king of Naraka dynasty ( sub sect ofcChandravamsa,Lunar Dynasty)

He took part in the Mahabharatha war and he is called Asura,powerful and he is referred to from Dravida Desa,South India..

The Angas were a part of these Kingdoms.

Karna was crowned as the King of Anga by Duryodhana.

The power of Angas did not last long and it ended with Bimbisara.

From Bimbisara, the History Of India seems alright except some misinformation about the middle ages.

It may be of interest to note that the Nishadas were also present in the area of Kerala and they were hunters.

Hunters,according to Tamil Classics were the first people who lived in areas in around mountains,Kurinji and Murugan is the God of Kurinji.

Interesting thread.

Shall write on this and more on the tribes/kings who ruled BengalOdisha and Assam.

Reference and citations.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anga

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhagadatta

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bengal

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gangaridai

History Of India 1 Ikshvaku To Chandragupta Maurya.

The South Indian  kings trace their ancestry to. Solar ,Ikshvaku Dynasty and also to Lunar dynasty.

The Ikshvahu dynasty frm Treta Yuga ,from million years ago extended upto Dwapara yuga and ended with King Sumitra who was defeated and driven away from Ayodhya.

Then we find continum from that period from Magadha dynasty,which belongs to Lunar Dynasty,Chandravamsa from Bruhatradha.

‘Barhadradha Dynasty Before the Mahabharata War of 3138 B.C.


Most History text books in India begin with Maurya Dynasty and Bimbisara,as if there were no history in india before that period,dismissing them as Legends and hyperbole in the imagination of Poets.

The History conveniently begins prior to Alexander’s invasion of India.

Alexander’s invasion of India is a myth as revealed by Greek historians.

But the real history of India,as revealed by the Vedas,Puranas,Ramayana,Mahabharatha,Sanskrit and Tamil literature ,validated by Archeology,foreign literature,especially Greek,Etymological similarities between world languages and Sanskrit and Tamil,Astronomical /Carbon/Infrared dating of artifacts recovered in India and abroad confirm what the Indian texts say.

To understand Indian history,one has to,

Approach Indian texts with open mind,

Verify them with the tools I have mentioned,

Understand that there was no Aryan Invasion,

Sanatana Dharma coexisted with the Tamil culture,which also followedcSanatana Dharma,

There was no North South Divide save the wars between the usual wars between kings,

That the history of India extends to thousands of years,

That the Concept of Time in India is Cyclic and not linear,

There were two major dynasties,Solar and Lunar,Suryavamsa and Chandravamsa and there were many sub dynasties,

The Solar dynasty ,though its ancestor Manu was a Dravidian King,was established in North India,while thexLunar dynasty also flourised in south India,through Ila,Daughter of Manu.

The South Indian  kings trace their ancestry to. Solar ,Ikshvaku Dynasty and also to Lunar dynasty,Chandra vamsa.

The Ikshvahu dynasty frm Treta Yuga ,from million years ago extended upto Dwapara yuga and ended with King Sumitra who was defeated and driven away from Ayodhya.

Then we find continum from that period from Magadha dynasty,which belongs to Lunar Dynasty,Chandravamsa from Bruhatradha.

Lunar, Dynasty,Chandravmsa.image
Lunar dynasty,Chandra vamsa.

‘Barhadradha Dynasty Before the Mahabharata War of 3138 B.C.

1. Barhardradha I :-

According to Mahabharata, Brihadradha-I, the founder of Barhadradha Dynasty was the eldest son of Uparichara Vasu , the seventh in the descent from the Great Kuru, son of Samvarna, a descendant of the Lunar Dynasty (Chandravamsajah) of kings. He founded the kingdom of Magadha probably about 3709 B.C. or 571 years before the Great war of Mahabharata at Kurukshetra between the Pandavas and the Kauravas.

This  battle according to Mahabharata, the important Puranas, and all other ancient Hindu, Bauddha and Jaina authorities and traditions, took place. 36 years before the commencement of the Kaliyuga—the present Yuga.   Kali Yuga  began immediately after the departure of Sri Krishna, son of Vasudeva by Devaki, from this world on the 20th February, 3102 B. C., in the year Pramadhin of the Southern School of Hindu astronomers. (Vide Indian Eras By this author, Kota Venkata Chelam)

Brihadradha married the two beautiful twin daughters of the king of Kasi; and by the blessing of a Rishi, he obtained a most powerful son by name Jarasandha. The king, after installing his mighty son Jarasandha on the throne of Magadha retired into a forest and led an ascetic life. In this context the Mahabharata gave the next prominent dynasty of Jarasandha, leaving some generations of kings in the interval between Brihadradha I and Jarasandha (or Brihadradha II). – (Vide_Mahabharata, Sabha Parva. Adhyayas 14 to 19).

N.B:- The Matsya Purana enumerates all the names of kings between Brihadradha-I and Jarasandha or Brihadradha-II Jarasandha, son of Bhuvana was the 15 th in descent from Kuru and the tenth from Brihadradha-I, the founder of the Magadha Dynasty of kings. The following table shows the order of descent according to Matsya Purana. (Chapter 59):-

1. Samvarna

2. Kuru (The founder of the Kaurava Dynasty who removed his capital from Prayaga to Kurukshetra.)

3. Sudhanvan, Parikshit, Prajana, Jaghnu or Johnu or Yaju

4. Suhotra.

5. Chyavana

6. Krimi (or Kriti)

7. Chaidya or Uparicharavasu or Pratipa

8. (1) Brihadradha-I thefounder of the Magadha Dynasty.(3709 B.C.)

9. (2) Kusaagra

10. (3) Vrishabha or Rishabha.

11· (4) Pushpavat or Punyavat

12. (5) Pushpa or Punya

13. (6) Satyadhrithi or Satyahita.

14. (7) Sudhnvan II or Dhanusha.

15. (8) Sarva

16. (9) Bhuvana or Sambhava.

I7. (10)Brihadradha II or Jarasandha.

http://trueindianhistory-kvchelam.blogspot.in/2009/08/kings-of-magadha-before-great.html )

Visit the above site which is very informative.

‘The Hindu Mahabharata calls Brihadratha the first ruler of Magadha. King Bimbisara of the Haryanka dynasty led an active and expansive policy, conquering Anga in what is now West Bengal.
The death of King Bimbisara was at the hands of his son, Prince Ajatashatru. King Pasenadi, king of neighbouring Kosala and brother-in-law of King Bimbisara, promptly retook the gift of the Kashi province.
Accounts differ slightly as to the cause of King Ajatashatru’s war with the Licchavi, an area north of the river Ganges. It appears that Ajatashatru sent a minister to the area who for three years worked to undermine the unity of the Licchavis. To launch his attack across the Ganges River, Ajatashatru built a fort at the town of Pataliputra. Torn by disagreements the Licchavis fought with Ajatashatru. It took fifteen years for Ajatashatru to defeat them. Jain texts tell how Ajatashatru used two new weapons: a catapult, and a covered chariot with swinging mace that has been compared to a modern tank. Pataliputra began to grow as a center of commerce and became the capital of Magadha after Ajatashatru’s death.’

Haryanka dynasty (c. 600 – 413 BCE)Edit
Bhattiya or

Bimbisara (544-493 BCE)

Ajatashatru (493-461 BCE)

Udayabhadra

Anuruddha

Munda

Nagadasaka
Shishunaga dynasty (413–345 BCE)Edit
Shishunaga (413–395 BCE)

Kakavarna Kalashoka (395–367 BCE)

Mahanandin (367–345 BCE)
Nanda Dynasty (345–321 BCE)Edit
Mahapadma Nanda Ugrasena (from 345 BCE), illegitimate son of Mahanandin, founded the Nanda Empire after inheriting Mahanandin’s empire

Pandhuka

Panghupati

Bhutapala

Rashtrapala

Govishanaka

Dashasidkhaka

Kaivarta

Dhana Nanda (Agrammes, Xandrammes) (until 321 BCE), overthrown by Chandragupta Maurya

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magadha

From Bimbisara to current day,the History of India is clear and can be studied,though some misinformaion about middlecages remain.

I have traced the Dynasties in Northvand shall write about the Dynasties of South India,including Andhra Ikshvakus and Tamils.

I have taken references to Sanskrit and Tamil among Indian languages as I know only these two.

Related.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/12/27/kings-list-india-by-puranas-validated/

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/12/26/lunar-dynasty-india-chandra-vamsa-of-mahabharata-list/

 

 

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