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Posts Tagged ‘Hindu’

Krishna Balarama Lakhmi Greek Coins 200 BC

In Hinduism on February 11, 2015 at 07:43

There are records that show that the Northwest of India was once ruled by Greeks.

However the relations between the Greeks and India,especially the Tamils date back to centuries earlier.

These Greek Kings later ,some of them, converted to Buddhism.

They held both Hinduism and Buddhism that they minted Coins in honor of the Deities of these religions.though Buddhism does not endorse the view of God.

These coins date back to 185 BC.

 Agathocles Coinage.jpg.‎(727 × 446 pixels, file size: 728 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg

Indian coinage of Agathocles, with Buddhist lion and Lakshmi. “AgathoklesCoinage”. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AgathoklesCoinage.jpg#mediaviewer/File:AgathoklesCoinage.jpg

  • Arunad Yavanah Sāketam” (“The Yavanas (Greeks) were besieging Saketa”)
  • Arunad Yavano Madhyamikām” (“The Yavanas were besieging Madhyamika” (the “Middle country”)).-Patanjali in Mahabhasya.
Coin of Agathocles.jpg.(500 × 232 pixels, file size: 61 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

Coin of Agathocles,Krishna and Balarama. “Agathokles” by Classical Numismatic Group;[1] – Classical Numismatic Group. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Agathokles.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Agathokles.jpg

“Sudras will also be utterers of bho (a form of address used towards an equal or inferior), and Brahmins will be utterers of arya (a form of address used towards a superior), and the elders, most fearful of dharma, will fearlessly exploit the people. And in the city the Yavanas, the princes, will make this people acquainted with them: but the Yavanas, infatuated by war, will not remain in Madhyadesa.”

Yuga Purana, Paragraph 55–56, 2002 edition.
There is also significant archaeological evidence, including some epigraphic evidence, for the Indo-Greek kings, such as the mention of the “Yavana” embassy of king Antialcidason the Heliodorus pillar in Vidisha.
Agathocles Dikaios (Greek: Ἀγαθοκλῆς ὁ Δίκαιος; epithet meaning: “the Just”) was a Buddhist Indo-Greek king, who reigned between around 190 and 180 BC. He might have been a son of Demetrius and one of his sub-kings in charge of the Paropamisadebetween Bactria and India. In that case, he was a grandson of Euthydemus whom he qualified on his coins as Βασιλεὺς Θεός,Basileus Theos (Greek for “God-King”).
At the same time, Agathocles issued an intriguing range of bilingual coinage, displaying what seems to be Buddhist as well as Hinduist symbolism. The coins, manufactured according to the Indian standard, using either Brahmi, Greek orKharoshthi (a first in the Greek world), and displaying symbols of the various faiths in India, tend to indicate a considerable willingness to accommodate local languages and beliefs, to an extent unseen in subsequent Indo-Greek kings. They may be indicative of the considerable efforts of the first Indo-Greek kings to secure support from Indian populations and avoid being perceived as invaders, efforts which may have subsided once the Indo-Greek kingdoms were more securely in place.’
Citation.

Mayan Civilization Shiva’s Ear Rings Vishnu Pada Navagraha

In Hinduism, Hindusim on February 7, 2015 at 09:16

I have posted article on the Tamils influence on the Incas,that the ancestors of the Incas were from Tami Nadu.

 

Of the Mesoamerican Cultures, the Incas were spread in the pre-Columbian America, while the Mayans were  in the

Southern Mexican states of Chiapas, Tabasco, and the Yucatán Peninsulastates of Quintana Roo, Campeche and Yucatán; The Maya area also extended throughout the northern Central American region, including the present-day nations of Guatemala, Belize, western Honduras and extreme northern El Salvador.

Both these cultures worship the Sun as in Hinduism.

Bothe built Temples for the deceased.

Their temple,Pyramid temple architecture  resembles Indian Temple architecture.

Mayan and Inca calendars bear a striking similarity to Indian Traditional calendar.

Now more on Maya.

Lord Shiva wears an Earring.

One of His distinguishing mark is the  Earring.

Gnana Sambhandar began his Poetic work, when he was a child, on Shiva, with the first Line ‘ One who wears the earring’

 

‘தோடுடைய  செவியன்’

 

Shiva wears the Serpent as His Earring.

The design is unique to Him.

In the Ardhanarewara Form of Shiva,Shiva occupies the Right portion while Devi, the Left.

On the right portion belonging to Shiva, He wears the serpent, used as a rope for churning out the Ocean od Milk, as His earring.

Ardhanareeswara with Earring.image.jpg

Ardhanareeswara with Earring,Gangaikonda Chola Puram.

On the left, Uma portion wears a Palika Pedndant.Maymatham Chapter 36, verses 82 and 83)

One may recall that in the Akhilandeswari Temple, Thiruvanaikaval, near Srirangam, Devi wears the Earstud  given by Shankaracharya.

Akhiladeswari with ear ring,Tiruvanaikaval.

Akhiladeswari with ear-ring,Tiruvanaikaval.

This thotakam is unique in this Temple.

This  type of earring of Shiva is worn by women in Tamil Nadu, even today in villages.

These are called Pampadam.

This is unique to Indian Culture and is found , apart from Indians, among the Mayans and Easter island.

 

Now to the Nahua People in Easter island.

Easter Island Statues.jpg

“Telamones Tula”. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Telamones_Tula.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Telamones_Tula.jpg

Maya with earring.gif

Maya with earring.

 

Maya relic.jpg

Maya relic.Vishnu Padam?

Does this remind one of the Vishnu Padam we keep in our Homes in the Pooja room?

Mayan Vesse used for Ceremonies.jpg

Mayan Vesse used for Ceremonies.

 

This type of vessel is used during Shiva Pooja .

Mayan Deities.gif

Mayan Deities.Navagraha?

 

Navagrahas in Mayan civilisation.

In one intricate Mayan story, two brothers, One Hunahpu and Seven Hunahpu are playing ball, and annoy Death with their noisiness. The Lords of Death challenge them to a game, but first they must pass the six tests of Xibalba – passing through the 6 Houses: Dark House, Razor House, Rattling House, Jaguar House, Fire House, and Bat House (glyphs to the left). Failing any of the tests results in death. They do fail and are sacrificed in the morning – at “The Place of the Ball Game Sacrifice.” One Hunahpu’s head is placed on a tree, which later tree bears fruit, but Xibalbans forbid anyone to eat that fruit. Blood Gatherer, though, does and is banished. Later she has twins – the children of One Hunahpu, named Hunahpu and Xbalenque 6, who later become the Sun and Moon.

..

The Nine Mayan Gods (Bolontiku) are the principle deities having dominion over the area of Central America from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec to the Isthmus of Panama. To the indigenous people of the Mayan area, the Bolontiku have historically fulfilled a cultural role with their power, wisdom, sanction and protection were invoked for all earthly and spiritual transactions – for healing, divination, success in agriculture, trade, politics and war; for help in personal matters such as love, childbearing, grief; for carrying (telepathic) messages over distance; and so on.

Sophisticated mathematics allowed the Ah Kinob to conceive of a universe regular in its rhythms. In its simplicity, the Mayan number system employed only three characters – a dot symbolizing unity, a bar representing the number five, and an eye-shaped glyph representing zero. Mayan numbers were written vertically and divided into tiers, with the characters in each tier of the column having a value twenty times that of the characters in the tier directly beneath them. Summing the values of the tiers yielded the number represented in the glyph. Dispensing entirely with fractions, the Maya expressed all non-integer quantities in terms of ratios or equivalencies.

Mayan Pyramid Temple,Mexico

Mayan Pyramid Temple,Mexico

Thanjavur Temple,India.jpg

Thanjavur Temple,India

Citation.

Shiva’s Earring

Navagrahas in Mayan Civilization

 

 

Shiva Temples Nataraja Kshatriya Sects The Cham Vietnamese

In Hinduism on February 3, 2015 at 11:34

Santana Dharma,Hinduism made earlier inroads into Vietnam,

Shiva Linga in Vietnam.jpg

Ancient Vedic Cham Vietnamese Shiva Linga at the My Son Temple Complex, Vietnam

 

Vietnam was the home to a vibrant Vedic civilization. Many spectacular temples and sculptures still remain to this day . Vedic Deities such as Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma and minor Deities were widely worshiped. Buddhism also has a certain role in Cham people, but Shiva sect has always been considered as the national religion. According to the statistics of Palumus, in total of 128 steles found out in Cham Pa , there were 92 ones of Shiva sect and Deities of Shiva sect, 3 ones of Vishnu sect, 5 ones of Brahma sect and 7 ones of Buddhism.

Nataraja In Vietnam.jpg

Nataraja In Vietnam.

 

The Balamon Hindu Cham people of Vietnam consist of 70% Kshatriyas (pronounced in Vietnamese as “Satrias”). Although Balamon make up only 25% of the overall Cham population (the other 75% are Muslims or Cham Bani). These Balamon Kshatriyas claim to be the descendants of the Champa Empire.”..

The kings built temples of all the three chief Deities of Hinduism, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.

The kings date back to 7 Century AD, but Hinduism had been there much  earlier.

The Cham were Hindus for most of their history. They embraced Buddhism in the 10th and 11th centuries and made some great art for that faith. But the Hindu god Shiva was usually their most honored deity.

Cham people called themselves Satriya.

Royal archives of Panduranga, Vietnam.jpg

Royal archives of Panduranga, Vietnam. Seal with Sanskrit characters. image source: Hindu-Buddhist Art of Vietnam: Treasures from Champa – By Emmanuel Guillon

Nataraja was also worshiped.

“Cham Hinduism had more depth than partying out. An early Cham king, Bhadravarman (5th century), identified himself with one of the gods that Shiva manifested as, Bhadreshvara.

Cham kings erected temples that housed Shiva lingas. These symbols embodied ideas of the great god’s power to create and destroy–as Nataraja, he creates and destroys the universe–don’t shimmy too close to him! The linga also resonated with Southeast Asians’ own ideas about the land’s power to generate life. So this easily replicated art form fused both cultures’ ideas of nature’s powers.

Khmer kings also worshiped Shiva with temples that housed lingas early in their history  (see The Bakong). But Khmers built temples with whopping size. Champa’s people kept theirs small and exquisitely proportioned and decorated (see yesterday’s post on Champa). The pic above is from the ruins of Temple B1 in My Son. It was built in the 11th century and bombed in the last century (humans wield the most destructive forces). Its single room with an altar in the middle is the most common Cham temple form–a huge contrast with Angkor Wat.

Citation.

Vedic Empire

 

http://brianholihan.com/southeast-asian-cultures/southeast-asia-the-cham-a-great-but-little-known-culture-from-vietnam-part-two/

Sex Education Hindu Pyramid Temple Sukuh Java

In Hindusim on February 2, 2015 at 18:21

That Hinduism spread far is one fact, another fact is that Hinduism considers Sex as neither a Sin nor something to be abhorred.

It advises Moderation, more specifically controlled enjoyment of pleasures.

An ancient Temple , intended for ancestor worship primarily has Sex education as it theme in the Reliefs in the Temple,.

This Temple is in Sukuh,Java,Indonesia.

As is normal it was vandalised by Islam in the fourteenth century.

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AKeris_Relief_at_Sukuh_Temple.jpg

English: The scene in bas relief of Sukuh Temple in Central Java dated from 15th century Majapahit era shows the workshop of a Javanese keris blacksmith. The scene depicted Bhima as the blacksmith in the left forging the metal, Ganesha in the center, and Arjuna in the right operating the tube blower to pump air into the furnace. The wall behind the blacksmith displays various items manufactured in the forge, including keris. These representations of the keris in Candi Sukuh established the fact that by the year 1437 the keris had already gained an important place within Javanese culture.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8f/Keris_Relief_at_Sukuh_Temple.jpg.By Gunawan Kartapranata (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons

Sukuh (Indonesian: Candi Sukuh Indonesian pronunciation: [ˈtʃandi ˈsukʊh]) is a 15th-century Javanese-Hindu temple (candi) that is located on the western slope of Mount Lawu (elevation 910 metres (2,990 ft)) on the border between Central and East Java provinces.

Sukuh temple has a distinctive thematic reliefs from other candi where life before birth and sexual education are its main theme. Its main monument is a simple pyramid structure with reliefs and statues in front of it, including three tortoises with flattened shells and a male figure grasping his penis. A giant 1.82 m (6 ft) high of lingga (phallus) with four balls, representingpenile incisions, was one of the statues that has been relocated to the National Museum of Indonesia.

Candi Sukuh in eastern Central Java.jpg

Sukuh Temple.Candi Sukuh in eastern Central Java.By Merbabu (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons

Sukuh is one of several temples built on the northwest slopes of Mount Lawu in the 15th century. By this time, Javanese religion and art had diverged from Indian precepts that had been so influential on temples styles during the 8th–10th centuries. This was the last significant area of temple building in Java before the island’s courts were converted to Islam in the 16th century. It is difficult for historians to interpret the significance of these antiquities due to the temple’s distinctiveness and the lack of records of Javanese ceremonies and beliefs of the era.

 

The founder of Candi Sukuh thought that the slope of Mount Lawu was a sacred place for worshiping the ancestors and nature spirits and for observance of the fertility cults.[3]The monument was built around 1437, as written as a chronogram date on the western gate, meaning that the area was under the rule of the Majapahit Kingdom during its end (1293–1500). Some archaeologists believe the founder had cast the fall of Majapahit, based on the reliefs that displaying the feud between two aristocratic houses, symbolizing two internal conflicts in the kingdom.

In 1815, Sir Thomas Raffles, the ruler of Java during 1811–1816, visited the temple and found it in bad condition.In his account, many statues had been thrown down on the ground and most of the figures had been decapitated. Raffles also found the giant lingga statue broken into two pieces, which was then glued together. This vandalism of traditional culture (especially where sexuality is not suppressed, as in the statues) is likely to be an effect of the Islamic invasion of Java during the 16th century, based upon the identical patterns found in all other Islamic and monotheistic invasions generally.

The central pyramid of the complex sits at the rear of the highest of three terraces. Originally, worshippers would have accessed the complex through a gateway at the western or lowest terrace. To the left of the gate is a carving of a monster eating a man, birds in a tree, and a dog, which is thought to be a chronogram representing 1437 CE, the likely date of the temple’s consecration. There is an obvious depiction of sexual intercourse in a relief on the floor at the entrance where it shows a paired lingam which is represented physiologically by the (phallus) and yoni, which is represented bodily by the (vagina). Genitalia are portrayed on several statues from the site, which is unique among Javanese classical monuments.

The wall of the main monument has a relief portraying two men forging a weapon in a smithy with a dancing figure of Ganesha, the most important Tantric deity, having a human body and the head of an elephant. In Hindu-Java mythology, the smith is thought to possess not only the skill to alter metals, but also the key to spiritual transcendence.Smiths drew their powers to forge a kris from the god of fire; and a smithy is considered as a shrine. Hindu-Javanese kingship was sometimes legitimated and empowered by the possession of a kris

The elephant head figure with a crown in the smithy relief depicts Ganesha, the god who removes obstacles in Hinduism. The Ganesha figure, however, differs in some small respects with other usual depictions. Instead of sitting, the Ganesha figure in Candi Sukuh’s relief is shown dancing and it has distinctive features including the exposed genitalia, the demonic physiognomy, the strangely awkward dancing posture, the rosary bones on its neck and holding a small animal, probably a dog. The Ganesha relief in Candi Sukuh has a similarity with the Tantric ritual found in the history of Buddhism in Tibet written by Taranatha.[5] The Tantric ritual is associated with several figures, one of whom is described as the “King of Dogs” (Sanskrit: Kukuraja), who taught his disciples by day, and by night performed Ganacakra in a burial ground or charnel ground.

Other statues in Candi Sukuh include a life-sized male figure with his hand grasping his own penis and three flattened shells of tortoises. Two large tortoise statues guard the pyramid entrance and the third one lies at some distance in front of the monument. All of their heads point to the west and their flattened shells may provide altars for purification rituals and ancestor worship.In Hindu mythology, the tortoise symbolizes the base or support of the World and is an avatar of Vishnu, i.e. Kurma refer: Ocean of Milk.

Citation.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sukuh

Navaratri Is Rama Sita Festival,Shiva In Mexico

In Hinduism on January 27, 2015 at 21:13

Mexico was inhabited by the Aztecs before the Spanish occupation.

The term Aztec might have its roots in Astika, meaning one who believes in the Authority of the Vedas.

Lord Shiva seated.jpg

Lord Shiva seated in Yoga Posture

 

A festival is celebrated at the same time as our Navaratri; it is called “Rama-Sita”

The Mexican national throne preserved in the National Museum of Mexico bears the typical Hindu Buddhist disc of the Sun.

The Mexicans also had the Hindu Simhasan (Lion throne).

Shiva Temple in Mexico.jpg

Shiva Temple in Mexico.

‘  Temple of Shiva was found in Mexico city.

The largest temple in Mexico City was the temple of Lord Shiva, the War God of the Mexican whom the Spanish invaders found entwined by golden snakes. This temple was built in the 15th century and had 3000 Deva-Dasis to perform religious ceremonials. The Mexican temple had the Gopuram style. Here you see a reconstruction of the same after it was destroyed by the Spaniards. The temples at Tikal in Mexico also bore the imprint of our famous temple at Madura. No wonder E. G. Squire in his American archaeological researches in 1851 wrote

“It is believed a proper examination of these monuments would disclose the fact that in their interior structure as well as in their exterior form and obvious purposes these buildings correspond with great exactness to those of Hindustan and the Indian Archipelago.”

“Astec Calendar
The fact that the Hindus were capable of sailing to far off countries like Mexico and Peru is proved by the official historian of Mexico, who in his book published by the Mexican Foreign Office.

“Those who first arrived on the continent later to be known as America were groups of men driven by that mighty current that set out from India towards the east.”

The U. S. Ambassador Miles Poindexter states in his book The Ayar-Incas that primitive Aryan words and people came to America especially from Indo-Arya by the island chains of Polynesia. The very name of the boat in Mexico is a South Indian (Tamil) word: Catamaran.

After 17 years of research I can now claim to have proved my theory of Hindu colonisation of America. The stones in every corner of America speak of Hindu influences.

Let us begin with the Astec calendar known as the Astec Chakra of the Hindu Astronomers. It is the foundation stone of Hindu culture in America. The ancient Americans believe in the four Hindu ages (Yugas or cycles). This Astec calendar (of Hindu origin) depicts the Hindu ages of the world. Mackenzie, author of Myths of Pre-Columbian America, says, “”The doctrine of the world’s ages (Hindu Yugas) was imported into pre-Columbian America. The Mexican sequence is identical with the Hindus. It would be ridiculous to assert that such a strange doctrine was of spontaneous origin in different parts of old and new worlds.”” The very sculpture of the Sun in this calendar bears the imprint of India.

Game of Pachisi
Witness the complicated game of Pachisi as it is played in India and Mexico. Seventy years ago Edward Taylor pointed out that the ancient Mexican game of Patolli was similar in its details to the game of Pachisi played in India and the whole region of Southern Asia.
“It seems clear,” he wrote, “that the Mexican game must have come from Asia.”” Subsequently Stewart Culin showed that even the cosmic meaning of the Mexican game, its relation to the four quarters of the world and to the calendars ascribed to them was essentially the same as in Pachisi. Dr. Kroeber, leading anthropologist of California, observes that “the mathematical probability of two games invented separately, agreeing by chance in so many specific features, is very low. The close correspondence between the rules of the two games indicates a real connection.” Dr. Kroeber however could not find more evidence to link India with America and decided to leave the issue unsolved expressing the hope that fuller and more accurate knowledge would some day solve the dilemma. Dr. Robert Heine Geldern, the famous anthropologist of Vienna, and Dr. Gordon F. Ekholm have now presented enough evidence to support the thesis that Americans had definite cultural links with the people of South-East Asia at least 2000 years ago.

The Lotus Motif
Their researches in the last three years support the theses. I presented 26 years ago in my book Hindu America. They begin with the lotus in India and Mexico. (Lotus is one of the most sacred symbols of India. Hinduism is essentially embodied in the lotus. One of the most frequent motifs of early Indian art is the lotus plant.) The same kind of lotus motif occurs in America at Chichen Itza (Mexico) as a border in the reliefs of the lower room of the Temple of the Tigers. “It is certainly remarkable that in India as well as in Middle America, the rhizome, a part of the plant not normally visible because it is submerged and deeply buried in mud should have been the basic element of a whole motif and, moreover, be stylized in the same unrealistic manner as an undulating creeper.” The two learned anthroplogists are definitely of the view that ” such a combination of highly specific details cannot be accidental. It suggests the existence of some kind of relationship between Maya art and not only Buddhist art in general but the school of Amravati of the second century A. D. in particular.”

Citation.

 

https://globalhinduism.wordpress.com/2012/04/14/mexico-siva-temple-ancient-vedic-empire-very-interesting-facts/

 

http://vedicempire.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=25&Itemid=9

 

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