Lord Shiva seated.jpg

Shiva Uma Wedding Agastya To South 40 Million Years Ago Tectonics Proof


Indian Philosophy, Cosmology and Hinduism are so intricately connected with one another that it is difficult to separate them.

The Indian texts mention through the Puranas and the Philosophy through Astronomical Observations about the age of the Earth.

Here one encounters a problem of Philosophy, that of Time.

Indian philosophy treats Time as No Linear, Cyclic, that is time coils around.

For details please read my Post on Time, Non Linear.

The Four Aeons, Yugas keep recurring as also the Astronomical events.

The Purana state  that Agastya moved towards the South twice .

Once when Lord Shiva ordered him to move over to South to stabilize the earth, when the North end came down, South rose because of overcrowding by people who came to witness Shiva’s wedding with Uma.

Shiva and Parvathi.Image.jpg
Shiva and Parvathi.

He moved again to South to tame the Vindhya mountain.

( These two events have happened at different periods, not at one instance.

Now let us look the calculation of Time .

Star Canopus, Agastya Star.image.jog
Star Canopus, Agastya Star.

There are Four Yugas and they repeat themselves.

Brahma, the Creator begins Creation at the beginning of each Yuga which will be dissolved at the end of one Chatur Yuga

 

Kali Yuga                                4,32000 Years

Dwpara Yuga  4,32,000*2= 8,64,000

Tretha Yuga    4,32,000*3=1296000

Satya Yuga        4,32,000*4=1728000

Total                                         4820000 Years One Chatur Yuga

One Manvantara is 306.72 million Years.

 

 

Life in the universe is created and destroyed once every 4.1 to 8.2 billion years, which is one full day (day and night) for Brahma. The lifetime of a Brahma is believed to be 311 trillion and 40 billion years-Hindu Cosmology.

‘Eighty million years ago, India was approximately 6400 km (3968 miles) south of the Eurasian plate. Separating the two was the Tethys Sea. The Indo-Australian tectonic plate – containing the continent of Australia, the Indian subcontinent, and surrounding ocean – was pushed northward by the convection currents generated in the inner mantle. For millions of years, India made its way across the sea toward the Eurasian plate. As India approached Asia, around 40 million years ago, the Tethys Sea began to shrink and its seabed slowly pushed upwards. The Tethys Sea disappeared completely around 20 million years ago and sediments rising from its seabed formed a mountain range. When India and Tibet collided, instead of descending with the plate, the relatively light sedimentary and metamorphic rock that makes up the subcontinent of India pushed against Tibet, forcing it upwards, and created a massive mountain fold. The Himalayas.’

 

Proof from the position of Agastya Star,Canopus.

Canopus is associated with the sageAgastya, one of the ancient rishis (the others are associated with the stars of the Big Dipper). Agastya, the star, is said to be the ‘cleanser of waters’ and its rising coincides with the calming of the waters of the Indian Ocean. It is considered the son of Pulasthya, son of Brahma.

Canopus is 310 Light Years away from the Earth.

‘Agastya, is the author of 25 hymns (nos 166 to 190) of the first ‘mandala’ of the Rigveda.
2. Canopus, the second brightest star in the night sky, is called Agastya in India.
3. This star is close to the ecliptic south pole, having an ecliptic latitude of –76°.
4. As the celestial poles go round the ecliptic poles due to the phenomenon of precession of the earth’s axis of rotation, this star becomes visible from different latitudes on the globe at different times. If we assume that for a star to be visible at a place its altitude at the meridian passage should be at least 5°, then calculations give the visibility curve for Agastya (Canopus) as follows.
5. Agastya was not visible from any part of India before 10,000 BC.
6. First it became visible at Kanyakumari around that epoch. Thereafter, as it was brought more and more northwards by precession, it became visible at various places in India.
7. It became visible in the east coast (in the present Chennai region) in 8500 BC, and in the present day Hyderabad in 7200 BC, in the Vindhya region in 5200 BC, at Delhi in 3100 BC.
8. At present it is visible from most parts of India for longer or shorter durations. This cycle will repeat after every 25,765 years. It is thus clear that around 5000 BC, the star Agastya was visible from the south of the Vindhyas, but not from the north of it.
9. If sage Agastya was the first to cross the Vindhyas from the north, he would have been the first northerner to see the star. Hence the star has been named after him, just as the Magellanic clouds in the southern sky are named after the navigator Magellan, who first saw them as he sailed southwards.
10. This fixes an epoch of 5000 BC for sage Agastya. This date is based on the assumption that for a star to be visible its meridian altitude has to be at least 5°.
11. If we make 8° meridian altitude as the criterion for visibility, the date of Agastya would be shifted to about 4000 BC. The dates 5000 and 4000 BC should therefore bracket the probable epoch of Agastya crossing the Vindhyan mountains.

Hindu Puranas state that the south Pole came up because of over crowding in the Himalayas because pople has rushed in to witness the wedding of Lord Shiva with Parvati and to set the earth’s balance aright Shiva ordered Agastya to go to South and he did so.

Now the tectonic plate movement of the Himalayas confirm this by observing that

” The Indo-Australian tectonic plate – containing the continent of Australia, the Indian subcontinent, and surrounding ocean – was pushed northward by the convection currents generated in the inner mantle. For millions of years, India made its way across the sea toward the Eurasian plate. As India approached Asia, around 40 million years ago, the Tethys Sea began to shrink and its seabed slowly pushed upwards. The Tethys Sea disappeared completely around 20 million years ago and sediments rising from its seabed formed a mountain range. When India and Tibet collided, instead of descending with the plate, the relatively light sedimentary and metamorphic rock that makes up the subcontinent of India pushed against Tibet, forcing it upwards, and created a massive mountain fold.”

Hence Agastya left for the South around 40 Million years ago to balance the earth.

Please read my Post  Canopus Agastya validates Sanatana Dharma.

Citation and Reference.

http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Canopus

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/the-himalayas-tectonic-motion-making-the-himalayas/6342/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuga#The_four_yugas_and_Brahmajnana

http://cosmoquest.org/forum/archive/index.php/t-90134.html

Magnetic Hill Of Ladakh Cars Travel Up No Driver


Cars travel @ even 20 Km/hour.

Cars travel up, no driver. image.jpg
Magnetic hill Road.

Any car parked on top of the hill will roll up the steep road on its own accord, moving at upto 20 kilometers per hour (12.4 mph) speeds. This supernatural-phenomenon is called the “Himalayan wonder”.

People from around the world go there to witness nature’s hidden mystery.

 

 

The secret behind the magnetic pull is an optical illusion created by the peculiar geography of the area.

The mountains, road, and hill are aligned in a manner that makes the area seem like a steep uphill terrain, but the road actually goes downhill.

Thus, in the  video, the car left out of gear automatically rolls uphill.

 

Vikramaditya Date His World Kingdom


There are quite a number of theories that undermine the History of India by interpolating in the Indian texts,Misinterpreting them deliberately, as Max Mueller had done,honest misinterpretations and deliberate falsehood .

 

They are.

1.Sanatana Dharma dates to 5000 BC.

2.Vedas are non sensical sound bytes.

3.The Puranas and the Ithihasas are pure fantasy.

4.Aryans entered from Khyber Pass, invaded India and enriched it.

5.Dravida Desa, the South of India were peopled by barbarians.

6.The south indians called Dravidians were constantly engaged at war with the Aryans of the North.

7.The Arynas were a superior race.

8.The Sanatana Dharma was resisted and in fact the southerners fought against them, especially the Tamils.

9.Hindus were primitive and did not have any basic idea of Science.

10.Denying the existence of great Indian Kings and where it is not possible, assigning them later dates in History.

Vikramadiya's Empire.jpg
King Vikramaditya’s Empire.

 

All these are falsehoods to undermine Hinduism and I have posted articles on each of them.

 

They are filed under Hinduism, Tamils,Astrophysics, Science.

 

One such mischief is the date of Vikramadiya, whose existence is dismissed as fiction.

 

Here are the facts about King Vikramaditya and his Kingdom.

 

“In the Rajatarangini Kalhana mentions that Vikramaditya, the emperor of India, whose capital was Ujjain sent Metrigupta to be the ruler of Kashmir, which was included in the empire of the former…

King Vikramadiya efernce in Bhavishya Purana.jpg
King Vikramadiya efernce in Bhavishya Purana. Click to enlarge.

 

The above slokas mean to this effect:- “After the completion of three thousand years in Kali (101 B.C.),for the destruction of the Sakas and the propagation of the Aryan Dharma, by the command of Siva, from the abode of the Guhyakas in Kailasa, a personage will be born (to Gandharva Sena, the king of Ujjain). The father gave the child the name of Vikramaditya and rejoiced. Even as an infant he was very wise and gladdned the hearts of the parents. At an early age of five years. he retired to a forest to do penance,. Having spent twelve years in meditation, he achieved spiritual eminence and returned to his city called “Ambavati” or Ujjain. On the eve of his ascending the throne adorned with thirty two golden statues, came a learned Brahmin and he delayed the coronation ceremony with a purpose to teach the king a history consisting of several episodes, wherein the rights and duties of a monarch are enumerated. Then the Brahmin taught the prince all the rights and responsibilities he owed to himself and to his subjects and gave him a befitting and an efficient training worthy of an adventurous Sovereign. Afterwards, in Kali 3020 year or B.C. 82 Vikramaditya was crowned king. Then he expelled the Sakas and drove them as far as Bactria, conquered the whole of Bharata country from Setu to the Himalayas, and received tribute from the feudatory kings…

 

Vikramadiya's Empire in Bhavishya Purana.jpg
Description of Vikramadiya’s Empire in Bhavishya Purana.

In the west the other bank of the Sindhu River; in the South the Setu; Badarinarayana in the Himalayas formed the North limit and the city of Kapilavastu, the boundary in the East. These were the limits of Vikramaditya’s Empire.

Another sloka states,
“By the grace and command of Siva, Gandharvasena’s son, Vikramaditya reigned as Emperor, for hundred years. His son “Devabhakta” after ruling for ten years, was killed in a battle by the cruel Sakas.”(Kali 3130 or 29 A.D.)..

 

Vikramaditya.

 

Parthian invaded Sub-Continent in around 55 BC which brought Vikramaditya Vardhan’s Invasion in entire West Asia (Modern Day Middle East).

The victories of Babylon, Persia, Turks led him again to the Arabia and sounded the hour for attack on Arabia. When he conquered Arabia, he did so to cheers from the Jewish and Arab  Community, who welcomed him as a liberator. He showed great forbearance and respect towards the religious beliefs and cultural traditions of other races. These qualities earned him the respect and homage of all the people over whom he ruled.

The victory over Arabia expressed all the facets of the policy of conciliation which Vikramaditya had followed until then. He presented himself not as a conqueror, but a liberator and the legitimate successor to the crown. He took the title of “King of Aryavrata and Liberator of the Arabs, Turks and Jews”. Vikramditya had no thought of forcing conquered people into a single mould, and had the wisdom to leave unchanged the institution of each kingdom he attached to the Aryavrata Crown. Vikramaditya was upright, a great leader of men, generous and benevolent.  He spread the Vedic Culture in the land of Arabia. He also reconstructed the temple of Brahma and Mahesh and placed a Jiyotarlinga there. Several other Vedic Temples were made in Babylon, Persia and Turkistan.  For the first time they got a King that cared for the inhabitants of his Empire. Arabs, Kurds and Persians saw him as ‘the annointed of the Lord’.

After the 4 year of Wars that saw whole west Asia under the belt of Vikramaditya Empire he stayed for a year in Arabia till the Mahadev Temple was not completely reconstructed.

He built admirable highways, and developed an excellent postal system both of which allowed him to receive rapidly information from his provinces. He accepted Perisans as Aryans and called them as long lost cousins. During the Vikramaditya’s regions persians felt like they felt under the region of Cyrus. He also bulit several monuments in the respect of Chandargupt Maurya and Cyrus. Another project undertaken by Vikramaditya was the royal road, the world’s longest, extending 1,700 miles. Due to an extensive network of relays, postmen could travel the road in six to nine days, whereas normal travel time was three months. The motto of the Vedic postal service became memorable: stopped by neither snow, rain, heat or gloom of night. The US postal service also adopted this motto and the famous Pony Express mail delivery resembled the original Vedic design. Vikramaditya laid the foundation of Vardhan Dynasty. His empire controlled many parts of Modern day China, Entire Middle East and Many Parts of South East Asia. After his death his descendents and Parthians controlled Iran. By 102 AD descendents of Vikramaditya lost control over Iran and Parthians established there empire in Iran and Babylon.

Citation.

http://trueindianhistory-kvchelam.blogspot.in/2010/01/date-of-emperor-vikramaditya.html

http://www.geocities.ws/historyofiran/vedicera.html

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/07/04/chandra-gupta-megasthanes-never-met-history-faked/

Kaala Chakra, world Tie Line by Rig Veda.png

World History Timeline By Rigveda


Of late I have been researching into the connection between Tamil and Sanatana Dharma, though I have posted a few articles on the subject earlier.

 

I have been able to confirm to myself the following.

 

1.The Tamil, Dravida and the Sanatan Dharma were closely connected and people were interacting with each other.

 

Kaala Chakra, world Tie Line by Rig Veda.png
Kaala Chakra, world Tie Line by Rig Veda.

 

2.Historical Characters like Krishna, Sahadeva and Arjuna traveled to the South and Krishna and Arjuna married Dravidian women, had  children through them.

 

3.The Tamil Kings were held in such high esteem that one of them Udiyan Cheralathan was in charge of feeding both the Kaurava and Pandava Armies during the Mahabharata Battle.

 

3.Sage Agasthya , who is presumed to have founded the Tamil Language is the same one who wrote the Rig Vedic Hymns 166 to 190.

 

4.Agasthya crossed the Vindhyas to enter Dravidian Territory.

 

5.Kumari Kandam is not a figment of Tamil Imagination.

 

6.Various references about Tamil in the Vedas,Puranas,Ramayana and Mahabharata and by Tamil in Tholkaapiyam,Silappadikaara and Manimekalai about Sanatana Dharma check out.

 

I have been able to check the dates and events with the help of Astronomical Data found in Tamil and Sanskrit Literature,Vedas, Puranas, Ramayana and Mahabharata.

 

This has been done with the help of Star Canopus, called Agasthya, mentioned in Tamil Classics and Sanskrit.

 

I wanted to cross verify this with the help of references found on Time in the Rig Veda.

 

Rig Veda , the earliest literature known to Man speaks of Time as a Wheel, thereby denoting that Time is Cyclic.

 

I have posted a detailed article on ‘Time, Non-Linear, Cyclic’

 

rvs.1.164.2:-
RV_1,164.02a sapta yuñjanti ratham ekacakram eko aśvo vahati saptanāmā |
RV_1,164.02c trinābhi cakram ajaram anarvaṃ yatremā viśvā bhuvanādhi tasthuḥ ||

Seven {sapta} are yoked {yuñjanti} to the Chariot {ratham} with a single-wheel {ekacakram} and a single horse {eko aśvo} with seven people (seven names) {saptanāmā} inside it. The wheel has three navels {trinābhi}. It is ageless {ajaram} and un-decaying {anarvam}. On it are staying {tasthuh} all the beings of the world {viśvā bhuvanādhi}.

The seven yoked entities mentioned here represents the seven days of the week constituting the first quarter of a fortnight. It is also represented in Epics and Puranas as the seven horses of the Chariot of Surya (the Sun) alluding to the seven rays of the sun (seven colors in sunlight). The seven people who rides the chariot could be an indirect references to the Seven Sages (Saptarshis). The Chariot here represent the Sun whose apparent motion in Earth’s sky is what facilitates the time measurements done using the wheel of time. The Chariot could also represents the constellation of the seven stars (Big Dipper;- Saptarshi constellation) which also helps to measure long units of time.

The ‘navel’ of the wheel mentioned here represents ‘gear’. Thus the wheel is envisaged as a machinery with three gears to change the three levels of time measurement using the same wheel of time viz. 1) hours in the day, 2) months and seasons in the year and 3) twelve zodiacal ages and four (or eight) Yugas in the Great Year (axial precession period, 25,776 years). The beings of the world depends on this wheel since the daily, yearly and precessional changes in the time indicated by this wheel of time affect all beings.

 

rvs.1.164.3:-
RV_1,164.03a imaṃ ratham adhi ye sapta tasthuḥ saptacakraṃ sapta vahanty aśvāḥ |
RV_1,164.03c sapta svasāro abhi saṃ navante yatra gavāṃ nihitā sapta nāma ||

In this Chariot {ratham}, resides {tasthuh} the seven {sapta}. It has seven-wheels {saptachakram} and is driven by seven horses {sapta vahanty aśvāḥ}. The Seven sisters { sapta svasāro} praises the Cow {gavāṃ} and the seven people (seven names) {sapta nāma}.

This verse again describes the Seven Sages (Seven Names) residing in the Chariot (the Sun) this time mentioned as having seven horses (like in Epics and Puranas) and as having seven wheels. The Seven Sisters represent river Sarasvati and the nearby rivers and is a theme repeated in Vedas. The Cow represents the Year. The significance of seven wheels is unknown. It could mean the seven zodiacal ages that had elapsed during the composition of this hymn.

 

rvs.1.164.11:-
RV_1,164.11a dvādaśāraṃ nahi taj jarāya varvarti cakram pari dyām ṛtasya |
RV_1,164.11c ā putrā agne mithunāso atra sapta śatāni viṃśatiś ca tasthuḥ ||by length of time,

By Universal-Order {ṛtasya} this wheel {cakram} of time having twelve-spokes {dvādaśāraṃ} revolves {varvarti} in the sky {dyām}, without ever weakening or aging {nahi taj jarāya}. O Agni {agne}, On it stays, in pairs {mithunāso}, 720 sons {putrā}.

The word Rta, means Universal Order, Universal Law, the Laws of Physics or the Laws of Cosmology. Here the wheel is mentioned as having twelve spokes, to measure out twelve months in a year and twelve ages in a Great Year (25,776 years). The strange number 720 mentioned here as number of sons attached to the wheel is interesting. As per Graham Hancock this could mean the 72 years taken by the wheel to move 1 degrees (71.6 approximated as 72). However 720 is also twice 360. The meaning here thus represent 720 spokes which are paired, each spoke representing 1/2 degree (36 years) and a pair of spokes representing 1 degree (72 years).

Similarly in a human lineage, if 720 sons are born at an interval of 36 years (ie father begets a sun at his 36th age, on an average) then the total duration would be 720 x 36 = 25920 years, very close to the precession period of 25,776 yeas. Due to this simplicity, the number 72, its half 36 and its half 18 with or without zeros are frequently found in the Vedas, Epics and Puranas. Similarly the multiples of 72 like 144, 216, 432 with or without zeros too are found. Besides 36 + 72 = 108 is a very special number in ancient Indian traditions.

The number of Parvas in Mahabharata is 18; number of days Kurukshetra War is fought is 18. The time gap between Kurukshetra War and submergence of Dwaraka is 36. Duration of ChaturYuga mentioned in Shanti Parva of Mahabharata is 4,320,000.

 

rvs.1.164.48:-
RV_1,164.48a dvādaśa pradhayaś cakram ekaṃ trīṇi nabhyāni ka u tac ciketa |
RV_1,164.48c tasmin sākaṃ triśatā na śaṅkavo ‘rpitāḥ ṣaṣṭir na calācalāsaḥ ||

Twelve {dvādaśa} are the major-spokes {pradhayaś}, and the wheel {cakram} is single {ekaṃ}; three {trīṇi} are the naves {nabhyā}. Who hath understood it {ka u tac ciketa}?
On it are set together 360 spokes, which cannot be loosened {na calācalāsaḥ}.

Here the Wheel of Time with 12 spokes to define 12 zodiac signs is mentioned as having 360 sub-spokes for measuring each each day of the year and each degree of movement of Vernal Equinox in every 72 years. It is mentioned as having three naves (gears of modes of operation, to measure hours in a day, months in a year and zodiacal ages in a Great Year). The verse generate curiosity in the mind of reader or reciter asking if they have any understanding of it.

Rig Veda also mentions frequently about the Cow and the Calf when it discusses about the wheel of time. Cow represent a year and Calf the residual time that is left which needs adding of few days after the expiry of few years to correct the calender. This residue is a by product of approximation of the year as 360 days, 365 days, 365.25 days or as 365.2522 days. Hence the year is rightly called the Cow and the residue the Calf.

Eg:- RV_1,164.05c (the yearling Calf {vatsa}); RV_1,164.09c the Calf {vatsa} lowed, and looked upon the Mother, the Cow.

 

References of the Wheel of Time in Mahabharata are subsequent to those found in the Vedas. They often supplement the references in the Vedas and increase their clarity.

Mbh.1.3

Three hundred and sixty cows represented by three hundred and sixty days produce one calf between them which is the year. That calf is the creator and destroyer of all. Seekers of truth following different routes, draw the milk of true knowledge with its help. Ye Aswins, ye are the creators of that calf!

The 360 cows thus represents 360 degrees and erroneously to 360 days in a year. The calf represent the residual time to complete one year. The residue in case of 360 days will be 5 days, in case of 365 days will be 1/4 day, in case of 365.25 days will be 11 minutes and so on and this chase will lead one to the secret knowledge about the precession of equinox and the wheel of time.

 

The History of World as known with the help of Rig Veda has been provided in this post at the Top.

 

Citation.

http://ancientvoice.wikidot.com/article:kalachakra-2

Svarga Mount Meru Of Hinduism Is The Arctic


Descriptions of places in Hindu epics are generally real.

 

Heaven Hinduism.jpg
Heaven Hinduism. Image credit. http://www.hinduhumanrights.info/the-seven-heavens-and-the-wheel/

 

Except of the Poetic License where the writer indulges in hyperbole.

 

However the basic information about the Topography is correct and verifiable.

 

Many of the sites mentioned in the Ramayana, Mahabharata,The Vedas have been found now.

 

Ayodhya, Mathura,Pandyaa Kingdoms, not to speak of the Holy places, Rivers, Mountains and even the Species that thrive in these locations.

 

At the same time one gets the impression that the areas mentioned are not in The Earth and are located in some other location ,Planet, under the Ocean.

 

And we have the Lokas, the abode of Beings confusing.

 

We have , for example, the Surya Loka, Chandra Loka.

 

While the description of these places make one belive that these are In Heavens, one is floored by the reference to these places in Treatises relating to Astronomy that they are Stars, Planets and their movements are measured, without mentioning the Inhabitants.

 

These are taken as reference points in studying Astronomy.

 

Then we have the Philosophical treatises mention these places as indicative of spiritual development.

 

Chandra is associated(Moon) withe Mind.

 

In Spiritual development, Chandra loka means an awakening of the mind on its path towards Self realization.

 

Surya Loka is a heightened state of spiritual development.

 

While taking about these , the treatises do not talk of these as place of Dwelling, but as a state of Spiritual Development.

 

There are also references in the Vishnu Purana about the Sun, Moon an`d the Pole Star(Dhruva Mandala)

 

The distance of these places from the earth are shown and it is stated that they , Sun and Moon are destroyed during the Dissolution by Brahma(Pralaya), but Pole Satr remains!

 

Here it becomes tougher to know whether these places are locations or indicative of spiritual development.

 

Lets us keep this point in mind before  proceed further.

 

Descriptions of Svarga or Heaven remain unchanged in all the Puranas and Ithihasas.

When one reads the original texts and finds that some characters have visited these places form the earth, right from Mandhata to Arjuna, Narada keeps commuting from Heaven to earth, one gets an inkling that these places could be on the earth.

 

Read the following study.

 

I am inclined to have an open mind on this as this seems to be on course with the tenets of Hinduism, where Svarga or Naraka ,Heaven or Hell is more of the Mind and its manifestations, not withstanding the Garuda Purana where details of Travel to Heaven is described.

 

These are mostly allegorical.

 

One may refer to the ascendency to Heaven by the Pandavas, where the descriptions are of the Himalayas and proceeding further North.

 

And we have the Meru Mountain , whose description bewilders one.

 

Please read my post on this.

 

Now the Heavens are Arctic….

 

Despite the prevalent opinion that all gods were inhabitants of heaven, their larger part lived on land, in water or underground. According to Indian and Slavonic legends, gods-incomers (Adityas/Devas and Svarozhichi – Svarozhichs) lived in the land (kingdom) of Indra/Svarog -Svarga/Blue Svarga, the capital of which the majestic city of godsAmaravati was. In spite of the fact that Old Indian written information sources point (indicate) to a different location of Svarga and Amaravati -from the superior planets (Satjaloka, Maharloka, Svargaloka) to some area between Earth and the Sun,  of heaven or of the earth surface, in the Second and Third books of the “Mahabharata” (Sabhaparva and Aranyakaparva) more than convincing arguments are given in favour of that Svarga, including Meru mount (Amaravati was on the top of it), Mandara and adjacent mounts with forests,

 

gardens, parks and orchards, was on the Earth (on land).
Here is how the land of Indra is described in the “Aran
yakaparva” in B.L. Smirnov’s translation from Sanscrit and author’s translation from Russian:
«At last th
e abode  (dwelling place) of Shakra, Amaravati, I have seen.
… the Sun there does not bake, neither heat, nor chill do not exhaust,
… There on trees always flowers and fruits, (always)
Leaves turn green;
[There] various ponds, grown with the blue
Lotus
es and lilies white, fragrant;
…There winnows a fragrant breeze – vivifying, cool, pure;
… There is possible to see many air chariots,
Flying by in heaven…»…

 

The “Rigveda”, “Mahabharata”, “Bhagavata purana”, «Laws of Manu» [1] and other Old Indian texts, and also the Old Iranian “(Zend-)Avesta” place Meru mount [2] and accordingly Svarga in the far North:
«On the North side, shining, there is mighty Meru… Great Meru, the chaste (pure), good abode  (dwelling place). Here set and again [over the Meru] rise Seven divine rishis led by Vasishtha [3]» (the “Mahabharata”);
«On Meru gods see the sun after its one-time rising over a period its path, equal to
a half of its circulation round land». «For gods and day and night – a year [human],  again divided in two: day – the period of movement of the sun northward, night – the period of movement to the south» («Laws of Manu»).
The “Avesta” also give characteristic features of the polar disposition of Hara mount (Meru): «That they consider by day, that is a year. … there stars, moon, the sun can be seen once a year only rising and setting, and year seems only one day».
Judging by the fragments cited above, Svarga, “Paradise of Indra” or “Paradise of Svarog” was located near to the North pole and, perhaps,were by a part of the disappeared polar continent – Hyperborea. According to the descriptions given in the “Mahabharata”, it was a mountainous country with mounts to the sky, the main of which was  Mandara:
«On the North side, shining, stands mighty Meru. The paradise of great god Indra placed on its top. From these mounts the great rivers … fall. At the bottom
of Meru – « adobe of gods »,  Milk ocean is, and before the great mounts Meru sandy sea is stretched out».
Svarga can be compared with Jambudvipa described by Shukadeva Gosvami [4] in the “Bhagavata purana” . If we clean it from poetic embellishments (such, as trees up to heaven, lakes of honey and milk) it come to the following.
In Jambudvipa there is Sumeru mount. Sumeru is environed by four other mounts: Mandara, Merumandara, Suparshva and Kumuda. On these four mounts mango trees, pink apples trees, kadamba  trees and banyan trees grow. Besides, there are a lot of lakes with pure water. There are also gardens, the names of which are Nandana,  Chitraratha, Vaibhradzhaka and Sarvatobhadra. Sumeru is surrounded by twenty mountain chains, including Kuranga, Kurara, Kusumbha, Vaikanka and Trikuta. To the East from Sumeru Dzhathara and Devakuta mounts, to the West  from Sumeru – Pavana and Pariyatra, to the South – Kailasa and Karavira, and to the North – Trishringa and Makara. On the top of Sumeru there is Brahmapuri, residence of Lord Brahma. Round Brahmapuri are cities of tsar Indra and seven other demigods. Each of these cities is in four times less than Brahmapuri…

 

Comparing different descriptions of continent of Svarga (Jambudvipa, Hyperborea) among themselves, somebody pays attention at once to their obvious differences. On the one hand, this country was situated near to the North pole «in the area of gloom and snow», «where stars rotate, the Moon and the Sun». On the other hand, there was never cold on it, evergreen trees and flowers grew, larger part of which could grow only in warm tropical climate.

 

It can be related as with different time of compiling of legends, so with repeated application in the “Mahabharata”, “Ramayana”, “Bhagavata purana” and other Old Indian texts of additions and adjustments (improvements). And, most likely, that and other together.
In my opinion,
the fragments given above describe different time – when Svarga represented the country with warm tropical climat and gods-incomers (Adityas, Svarozhichi -Svarozhichs, etc.) lived in it, and when the country, fertile before, had turned out in the area near the North pole (or to the contrary, the North pole moved to it) and had been locked by ice (has been icebound). Judging by the having data, it had happened rather recently (about 12 thousand years ago), and the most possible reason of it was a global catastrophe accompanied by a shift of Earth’s axis. I will tell to you about it in my workLast days of the Great Northern civilization -the descendants of white gods. What has happened in the Northeastern Asia, Alaska and the shelf of Arctic ocean 12 thousand years ago? The reconstructions on a joint of geology and history

Attention! This point of view reflects my opinion 3 years ago (relative to 2012). In fact, all was much more intricate. The glaciation of Svarga (Jambudvipa, Hyperborea) began at least 16 million years ago (according to K.Moran, Ya.Bekman, H.Brinkhus, 34 million years ago). Over the past 16 million years, the north pole position repeatedly changed, but all this time it remained in the Arctic region. At the same time the area of the northern continent reduces. The warm climate of Svarga (Jambudvipa, Hyperborea) was in the Paleocene and Eocene epoch (65,5-34 million years ago), called by me the “golden age”, and partly in the Oligocene and Early Miocene epoch (34-16 million years ago ). At this time, Earth was covered by  a water-steam envelope, and in the north it was as hot as at the equator. Read about it in the works, annotated with  “Hyperborea – the northern native land of mankind,” and on the website.’

 

This might explain the seeming  discrepancy in some geographical descriptions in the Ramayana, especially the location of Lanka.

 

I shall be writing on this.

 

Citation:

 

http://earthbeforeflood.com/home.html