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Breast Developers Face Pack Cosmetology Ancient India Tips


One is inundated with advertisements in TV about Hair fall Cures, Pimples,Acne and other cosmetics for Men and Women.

That they are harmful, I have posted a detailed article.

These make up preparations are not new to India.

Cosmetology Ancient India.Book.Image.jpg Cosmetology Ancient India.

Sanskrit and Tamil literature  abound in details on this subject and practical tips are available.

A Sample.

Lip balm / lip salve

“Cracked lips, besides being painful, spoil the beauty of the face. The following remedy was recommended in such cases – “If the rind of Bel fruit (Aegle marmelos Corr.) is levigated (i.e. powdered and mixed) in a woman’s milk and the paste thus prepared is applied to the cracked lips, within 10 days the cracking will stop and the cracks will heal[5].”

Skin lightning and exfoliating scrub

A fair skin has always been an attraction for Indians. The following paste used to be applied to the body to make the skin a shade or two lighter and give it a natural glow – “Pound together The root of Kosta [Kooth or Kushtha, English name: Costus.][6] (Saussurea lappa Clarke.), Til seeds (Sessamum indicum Linn.), the leaves of Sirisa (Albizzia lebbek Benth.), the leaves of Chopda (Pongamia pinnata Pierr.), the wood ofDevdar (Cedrus deodara Roxb.) and the wood of Zadali Haled (Berberis aristata DC.) Roast this mixture between dried cakes of Buffalo dung, then take it out and grind it properly to a fine powder. If the paste made from this compound is applied to the body for three consecutive days, the above mentioned desired results will be obtained”.

Cure for dandruff

“Pound khas-khas seeds (Papaver somniferum Linn.) in milk and apply to the scalp. It will cure dandruff”.[5]

Rejuvenation process (Kayakalpa)

A very famous rejuvenation treatment called Kayakalpa used to be practiced. The meaning of the word is to make a person look young, bring about a change in the color of the hair and texture of the skin, improve the eyesight and so forth. “Take equal quantities of Kadunimba (Azadirachta indica Juss.) leaves, Maka (Eclipta alba Haask.) leaves, Mundi [Gorakhmundi]  (Sphaeranthus indicus Linn.) leaves, Nirgundi [Nagoda, Nirgundi and Nirgunda (Vitex negundo Linn.)leaves and Vova (Carum copticum Benth.) leaves.

Dry all the 5 ingredients in the shade. Then powder this mixture. Take internally two pinches of this powder twice a day. While the subject is under this treatment, the diet should mainly consist of milk and rice only. Quite soon the person will look younger, the skin will become lustrous and even the grey hair will turn black”.

Depilatory

The presence of hair on arms, face, legs and pubic area, was considered an eyesore, and certain formulae were practiced to remove them.

“Pound together dried fruits of Aavalakatti (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) and dried fruits of Pimpali (Piper longum Linn.). Soak this mixture in the milky latex of Nivadunga (Cactus: Euphorbia nivulia Ham.) If this compound is applied to the desired place, the hair from that area will fall off”.[5]

Breast developers

“Powder together the root of Aswagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal.), the fruit of Gajapimpali(Scindapsus officinalis Schott.), the root of Kosta (Saussurea lappa Clarke.), and the rhizomes of Vekhanda[Vekhanda, English name: Sweet flag. (Acorus calamus Linn.). To this powder add butter made from buffalo’s milk and massage the bust with this medicated butter. This will increase the bustline and make it firm and shapely”.

Some more formulae from other sources, earlier than 18th and 19th cent A.D. include the following:

Face pack

“Take Masura—a lentil common in India (Lens culinaris Medic.) and pound with Madhu (Honey). The paste so prepared, rubbed for seven nights, gives the splendor of the petals of the white lotus flower to the face”.

Cure for pimples

“The application of plaster composed of Kustumburu [Dhana, Dhania, English name: Coriander](Coriandrum sativum Linn.), Vacha or Vekhanda (Acorus calamus Linn.), Lodhra [Lodhar, Lodhra. English name: The Lodh tree] (Symplocos racemosa Roxb.) and Kushtha or Kosta (Saussurea lappa Clarke.) pasted together is also recommended for curing pimples”

Mouth freshener

I quote a verse translated from Sanskrit: “Oh! beautiful damsel, make fragrant quickly, Poog-phala i.e.Supari or Betel nut (Areca catechu Linn.), for rulers of the earth (Kings) by mixing together Kushtha(Saussurea lappa Linn.), Tagara (Valeriana wallichii DC.), Jatiphala (Myrstica fragrans Houtt.), Karpoora(Cinnamomum camphora Nees and Eberm.), Lavanga (Syzygium aromaticum Merrill and Perry.) and Ela(Ellettaria cardamomum Maton)”

Cure for lice and nits

“On tying the head with a piece of cloth dipped in the juice of Phanivalli (Piper betel Linn.) or ‘Paan” leaves, to which has been added Paratda (Mercury), lice and nits would be finished off.

General hair remedy and cure for the prematurely graying

“Juice of Bhringaraja or Maka (Eclipta alba Hassk.), together with Lohakitta (Iron-rust: Non-botanical. Iron oxide, normally Red oxide.), Phalatrikam or Triphala = Collection of three fruits, viz. Harada [Hirda, English name: Chebulic myrobalan (Terminalia chebula retz.), Beheda [Behada, English name: Belleric myrobalan][6] (Terminalia bellerica retz.) and Avala [Amla, English name: Emblic myrobalan (Phyllanthus emblica Gaertn.), cooked in oil when applied (to the scalp), would cure dandruff, itching, alopecia and would also darken the hair, which have become grey prematurely.

Deodorant powder

“The powder from the barks of Sahakara [Aam, Amba, English name: Mango][17] (Mangifera indica Linn.) tree and Dadima [Dadim, Dalimba; English name: Pomegranate][17] (Punica granatum Linn.) tree, mixed with Shankha (Fragrant Shell) powder and applied to the relevant part of the body, removes bad odour. The powder made of Chincha (Tamarindus indica Linn.) and Karanja (Pongamia glabra Vent.) seeds, if applied also removes bad odour.[19,20]

Examples of above given formulae serve to give some idea of Ancient Indian researchers and their contribution to Indian Medical Lore.

The research involved in this work was to compile the cosmetic formulae from various sources and then to find the proper equivalent botanical names for the Sanskrit and Prakrit terminologies (For the ingredients used in the formulae). This was done with the help of native people and experienced vaidyas in South India and Maharashtra. Identification was done by studying the properties of the plant and if these plant names were the actual ingredients used.

Some of the formulae are still in use by some rural women in the interiors of India. Some formulae are in use even today by vaidyas practicing the Ayurveda branch of medicine.

This study forms mainly an ethnobotanical contribution to our knowledge and is hoped that it forms the basis for further chemical, clinical and allied investigations in the cosmetic and therapeutic aspects of the Indian botanicals.

REFERENCES

1. Lal BB. The Saraswati Flows on: The Continuity of Indian Culture. 2002.
2. Mahabharata (Critical Edition) Pune: Bhandarkar Oriental Reseach Institute. Viratparva. Chap.3:17, 8:16, Aadiparva. Chap.213:44.
3. Lad GP. Archeology and Mahabharata. Pune: Deccan College Postgraduate Research Institute; 1978. Part I.
4. Patkar KB, Bole PV. Herbal cosmetics in ancient India with a treatise on planta cosmetica. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Mumbai, India Mumbai: World Wide Fund for Nature; 1997.
5. Rao SA. In: Sri Sarabhendra Vaidya Ratnavali. Krishnaswami Mahadick., editor. Saraswati Mahal Library: Tanjore; 1952. p. 277. 351,354,359,381.
6. Mukerji B. The Indian Pharmaceutical Codex-Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. New Delhi: 1953. pp. 223–228.
7. Rao KV. Contributions to the Study of Economic plants. Study of vegetable drugs sold on pavements of Bombay. 1967:256. (In two Volumes)
8. Watson JF. In: Index to the native and scientific names of economic plants. Eyre GE, Spottiswoods W, editors. London: 1866. p. 412.
9. Anon.- Maharashtra State Gazetteer. Vol.A. Mumbai: Bot Gen Miscellaneous Plants-Govt Printing Press; 1961. p. 84. Part III.
10. Mishra J. Shri Kamaratnam-Nityanath virachitam (13th Century. A.D.) Kalyan, Mumbai: Lakshmi-Venkateswar Press Prakashan; 1897. p. 93. Chap.5:60.
11. Nadkarni KM. Indian plants and drugs with their medicinal properties and uses. Norton and Co. Madras: 1910. p. 120.
12. Bhishagaratna KL. An English translation of Sushruta-Samhita (176-340 A.D)–The Chokhamba Sanskrit series office, Varanasi (In three Volumes) 1963:455. Chapter 20:37.5.
13. Bhishagaratna KL. Atridev – Vagbhat.- Ashtang Hridaya-Shri Vagbhat virachita (Later half of 5th Cen A.D.) Varanasi: Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series Office; 1962. p. 564. Chapter 32.3.
14. Sharma T. Nagarasarvaswam-Padmashri virachit (10th Cen.A.D.) Manilal Desai, Fort, Mumbai: 1921. p. 13. Chapter 4:11.
15. Sambashiva SK. Haramekhala-Mahuka virachi. 1936:47. (9th Cen. A.D). Chapter 1(4):18.
16. Watt G. The Commercial Products of India-John Murray. London: Albomarle Street, W; 1908. p. 68.
17. Khory RN. The Bombay Materia Medica And Their Therapeutics. Mumbai: Ranina’s Union Press; 1887. p. 479.p. 226.p. 303.
18. Gaud K. Sharangadhara – samhita – Sharangadharacharya virachita (14th Cen. A.D.) Lucknow: Tejjkumar; 1967. p. 419. Chapter 2(9):161,162.
19. Bhagirathaswami-Ratirahasya-Koka kavi virachita (13th Cen.A.D.)-Lohia S.C. 195/2. Harison Road, Calcutta: 1930. p. 236. Chapter 15:84.
20. Upadhyaya SC. Ratirahasya (13th Cen. A.D.) Mumbai: D.R. Taraporevala Sons and Co. Pri. Ltd; 1965. p. 96. Chapter 15:84.
Citation.
Articles from Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery : Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India are provided here courtesy of Medknow Publications

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Hinduism, Yoga

Basic Principles Of Human Body 96, Siddhas


Siddhas are Realized Souls.

Realization, as described in the Yoga Sutras,broadly, are two types.

One is Savikalpa Samaddi, where the Realized Soul carries on with the normal way of Life while being immersed in the Brahman.

Nirvakapla Samadhi is that where the Realized Ones withdraw themselves into Godhead and may not be active in day-to-day activities.

Ramana Maharshi is an example of a Rishi in Savikalpa Samadhi.

Siddhas belong to a Category , not mentioned in these two types.

For any Yogi, the Human body disintegrates,that is they die.

Siddhas do not die, transcend Time and Space, assume any Form in any Plane of Existence.

Though there are many Siddhas, 18 ae listed as the most Revered Ones.

For details on Siddhas , read my posts on Siddhas.

Siddhas were great Doctors,well versed in treating diseases with natural herbs.

They have described 96 Principles that govern the Human Body.

They are,

Elements – 5
1. Earth
2. Water
3. Fire
4. Air
5. Space
Sense Organs – 5
1. Eye
2. Ear
3. Nose
4. Tongue
5. Skin
Functions Of Sense Organs – 5
1. Vision
2. Hearing
3. Smell
4. Taste
5. Touch
Motor Organs – 5
1. Hands
2. Legs
3. Mouth
4. Rectum
5. Sex Organs
Perception Of Senses – 5
1. Smell
2. Taste
3. Sight
4. Touch
5. Hearing
Intellectual Faculties – 4
1. Mind
2. Intellect
3. Subconscious mind
4. Ego
Arivu – 1 (Wisdom Of Self Realization)
Vital Nerve Force – 10
1. Idakalai
2. Pinkalai
3. Sulumunai
4. Siguvai
5. Purudan
6. Kanthari
7. Atthi
8. Allampudai
9. Sanguni
10. Gugu
Vital Life Force – 10
1. Pranan
2. Abanan
3. Uthanan
4. Samanan
5. Vyanan
6. Nagan
7. Koorman
8. Kirukaran
9. Devadhathan
10. Dhanenjeyan
Visceral Cavities– 5
1. Stomach
2. Small Intestine
3. Large Intestine Especially Rectum
4. Urinary Bladder
5. Seminal Vesicle
States Of The Human Body Or Sheath – 5
1. Physical Sheath
2. Mental Sheath
3. Respiratory Sheath
4. Intellectual Sheath
5. Blissful Sheath
Stations Of Soul – 6
1. Moolatharam
2. Swathistanam
3. Manipooragam
4. Anakatham
5. Visuthi
6. Aakinai
Regions – 3
1. Fire Region
2. Solar Region
3. Lunar Region
Impurities Of The Soul – 3
1. Egoism
2. Karma
3. Maya (Delusion)
Three Humors – 3
1. Vatham = Air + Space
2. Pitham = Fire
3. Kapham = Earth + Water
Physical Bindings– 3
1. Material Bindings
2. Offspring Bindings
3. Worldly Bindings
Cosmic Qualities – 3
1. Sattva (Pure)
2. Rajas (Passion)
3. Tamas (Ignorance)
Acts – 2
1. Good Acts
2. Bad Acts
Passions – 8
1. Desire
2. Hatred
3. Stingy
4. Lust
5. Pride
6. Internal Conflict
7. Mockery
8. Ego
States Of Consciousness – 5
1. Wakefulness
2. Dream
3. Sleep
4. Repose (Tranquil Or Peaceful State)
5. Insensibility To Surroundings
Next to the Tattvas the human body exists of 72000 blood vessels, 13000 nerves and ten main arteries.
4448 diseases  are caused by the imbalance of the three humors. )
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Health

How To Clean Polluted Vegetables Waxed Fruits


The habit of buying vegetables from the Vendors, who come out on the streets with the produce is now a thing of the past.

 

I recall, some 50 years back, of cowherd woman coming on the streets around 6 am with an earthen pot containing  Curds on her head, calling out Curds.

 

The curds would be rock solid and tasty.

Fruits Vegetables.jpg

Fruits Vegetables.

 

Then followed the vegetable vendor with her basket filled up with garden fresh vegetables.

 

Then around 9 am we had a push cat rolling along with fresh fruits.

 

The rates, though quite cheap were negotiated upon.

 

I used to keep these vendors as a clock , especially the on calling out Curds ti wake me up for studying for the examinations.

 

These seem to be things of the past, possibly with the exceptions here and there in some villages.

 

Now one buys these things in an ir Conditioned show room , in packs.

 

The vegetables look glossy and inviting, the Curds in three-layered packs.

 

Are they tasty?

 

No.

 

Are the fresh and healthy?

 

Again, No.

 

Natural vegetables are not very bright in color and would have dust settled on them, with some of them having a portion bit by Squirrels in the case of fruits and by insects in the case of vegetables.

 

Squirrel bitten fruits are very tasty.

 

Farmers inform me the vegetables that have the markings of insects having bitten the vegetables are likely to be healthy and tasty.

 

Now what we have wax quoted Apples, oil polished vegetables that are inviting.

 

Not to speak of the pesticides used to grow them.

 

All these are highly toxic and can harm you, landing you with infections to Kidney problems.

 

How to clean the vegetables and fruits we buy thus?

 

1.Wash the vegetables and fruits with 2 7 Salt Water solution.This removes residues of pesticide.

2.To remove tough remains, use hot water, or steam.

3.Peel the vegetables and fruits.

4.Use Pressure cooking.

5.Do not use used oils for cooking.

Never buy a visually appealing vegetable or fruit.

These simple steps shall ensure that you get pollutant free vegetables/Fruits.

 

Read the Dietary Guidelines for a Healthy food the Notification issued by National Institute of Nutrition, India at the following Link.

 

http://ninindia.org/DietaryguidelinesforIndians-Finaldraft.pdf

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Health

2870 Clinical Trial Deaths 12 000 Adverse Events India


India, along with the African and some impoverished Latin American and Central American Countries leads the list of clinical deaths due to the drug trials.

 

These are the official figures.

Clinical Trial Deaths India.jpg

Clinical Trial Deaths India .

 

I doubt whether this constitutes even 10 % of the actual deaths.

 

One has to take into account that many drug trials are conducted in India on the sly., with the active connivance of doctors and Pharmacists.

 

More than 2,500 Indians have died in the course of clinical trials in recent years, government figures reveal.

According to an affidavit filed by the health ministry in the Supreme Court in response to a petition by health NGOs, there were 80 deaths due to clinical trials between January 2005 and June 2012. Between July 2012-August 2013 nine more such reported deaths occurred, making this total 89, according to the petitioner Swasthya Adhikar Manch (SAM), a health rights forum. Compensation was paid in 82 cases.

The ministry also admitted that 2,644 people died during clinical trials of 475 new drugs from 2005 to 2012.

SAM challenges this number of 80 deaths said to have been caused by clinical trials – among the rest who are said only to have died during the course of the trials and not as a result of the trials.

“No standard protocol was followed, there were no post-mortems; so how can they arrive at this figure?” Amulya Nidhi of SAM told IPS. Compensation is paid only if a death was said to have been caused by the clinical trial.

 

Government documents also say that around 11,972 “serious adverse events” (excluding death) were reported from Jan. 1, 2005 to Jun. 30, 2012, of which 506 were said to have been caused by clinical trials.

These figures have raised new opposition to the prevailing practices for conducting clinical trials.

India has become a hub of clinical trials for drugs over the last few years, mostly by pharmaceutical companies from abroad. Allegations of short-changing participants and of unethical practices have been rampant.

Responding to growing concerns by health activists, the ministry of health and family welfare set up a six-member expert panel under the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CIDSCO) in February this year. The panel has recommended that these trials should only be carried out in accredited centres.

Despite clinical trials coming under scrutiny in various courts, little has changed on the ground. At least 370 deaths have been reported during clinical trials in India since February 2013, but compensation has been paid in only 21 cases, according to government data. The amount ranged from Rs 4 lakh to Rs 40 lakh, a senior official told TOI. “

 

Citation.

http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/11/over-2500-deaths-during-indian-clinical-trials/

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/370-die-in-clinical-trials-in-2-years-kin-of-only-21-get-compensation/articleshow/45516891.cms

Image credit.http://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-2097386/Supreme-Court-clamps-illegal-unethical-clinical-trials-exploit-children-mentally-ill.html

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Health

In Vitro Fertilization IVF Malpractices


Child birth in an area which is proving to be lucrative for Doctors.

 

You are asked to have a check up monthly from the 45th day .

 

Scan is recommended at least twice.

 

Infertility Causes.gif

Causes for Infertility

 

You are advised to undergo Natural delivery.

 

But the message is delivered skilfully to make you go in for Caesarian.

 

What has been normal  about  50 years ago has become a cause for tension while Doctors pay lip service to Natural delivery.

You are advised to take all sorts of Pills, especially Iron and calcium.

 

Nobody tells you that excess consumption of Iron gets thrown out and excess Calcium weakens the bones.

 

Simple procedure is to take natural foods like Greens,Dates, Pomegranate .

 

You would be surprised at the Doctor advising you of ‘ some concern  about the Baby’ as your delivery date nears;he would skilfully manipulate you for Caesarian.

 

This post is about malpractices in Infertility treatment, but I could not resist about mentioning what is being practiced for normal pregnancy.

 

Today a Normal delivery costs anywhere between  25, 000 to Rupees one lakh!

 

Now to Malpractices in Infertility treatment.

 

1.

is only required when there is no uterus and donor eggs are required when the ovaries have either stopped functioning or have been removed. But, as both these procedures add to the costs, doctors recommend them even when they are not necessary. For example, a woman may need just one prescription of drugs for

Rs 1,500, but she is sold surrogacy for lakhs of rupees. This kind of prognosis plays on the stigma associated with an infertile woman.

 

2.Secondly, infertility doctors often do not have adequate training in the hardware and software required for ivf. There are no checks and balances such as accreditation. In India, any mbbs graduate can do it without any training. Thus, any doctor can open an infertility clinic.

3.Thirdly, malpractices are encouraged by kickbacks from pharmaceutical companies. If a doctor prescribes hormones costing between Rs 1,000 and Rs 5 lakh in one cycle, he gets up to 60 percent of that amount from the pharma company. A doctor makes money by prescribing drugs to patients. That is why they often prescribe over-dosages. The child may never be born, but the doctor will make money. A drug company promotes hormone injections like toothpaste or any other non-medical product. The more a drug is prescribed, the more profitable it is for both the company and the doctors.’

 

The issue becomes even more complicated when the Patient Googles, finds some results, gets  confused and forces the doctor to prescribe and procedures even more.

 

Be careful in choosing a doctor who is not greedy and who cares for patients.

 

There are many around still.

 

Mind you there are not costly .

 

Please avoid specialty Hospitals, especially the Five Star Hotels, sorry Hospitals.

 

Citations.

http://www.tehelka.com/unethical-behaviour-medical-malpractices-in-infertility-treatment-surrogacy-in-india/

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