There are ten accepted Avatars of Lord Vishnu in the Four Yugas.
As evolution became widely accepted in the 1870s, caricatures of Charles Darwin with an ape or monkey body symbolised evolution.Image credit,Wiki.
The Avatars under each Yuga.
Kalki, Yet to manifest.
There is an explanation of these Avatars in therms of Charles Darwain’s Theory of Evolution.
fish, the first class of vertebrates; evolved in water(Indicates origin of Fishes in Silurian Period,
Kurma – amphibious (living in both water and land; but not to confuse with the vertebrate class amphibians)(Indicates origin of Amphibians in Devonian Period,
Varaha,mammals, wild land animals (Indicates Mammals origin in Triassic Period.
Narusimha,beings that are half-animal and half-human (indicative of emergence of human thoughts and intelligence in powerful wild nature)…
1. Darwin’s Theory is not conclusively proved.
It remains what it is named as ..’Theory’.
2.Two points on Darwin’s Theory of Evolution.
If only the fittest survived , how come the earlier Species that have evolved are to be found still.
You would expect them to be extinct.
When a general statement is to be made as the basis of a thory, ALL individual cases have to be taken into account.
This has not been done as as All the species known to Man are yet to be identified.
Amazon which contains a whole lot of Species, has been explored by about 5 % !
To arrive at an assertion with out Data is unscientific.
For details plese read my Post on Darwin’s theory incorrect?
A Nobel Lauerate has voiced this and has been castigated!
Now, to the interpretaion of Hinduism in the light of modern findings.
Some overzealous people of Hinduism try to interpret Hinduism in the light of modern science.
My view is that this is wholly unwarranted and one need not seek appreciation , justification from the west to spread the Glory of Sanatana Dharma.
Let the facts speak .
This interpreation is wrong on two counts.
1.TThe Puranas speak of Devas, Man ,Plants, Animals coexisting .
Unlike other Religions, Hinduism talks of Cosmos as having evolved from Principles, Pancha Bhutas, Pancha Tanmatras, the underlying principles of the Pancha Bhutas.
This evolutiuon is of two kinds, one at the Macro/Universdal Level and the other at the Individual level.
Both aspects are of Brahman, The Reality and the evolutionary concept of Hindusim is different,
Kindly check my article on this.
2.The other point is that if Matsya is the beginning of Evolution, then nothing else should have existed along with it.
But we have Manu, a Human being existing when Matsya Avatar took place and it was the Matsya that advised Manu to meditate.
Therefore the interpretaion of Dashavatara in terms of Darwinism is incorrect as Darwinism is not proved and interpretaion of Hindu theory of evolution as found in the Puranas is incorrect.