Education, Mantras

Mantras For Success Examinations Concentration Memory


Though I have written about the Mantras for various Life issues, most of them problem specific, I have not written on the specific Mantras for Success in Examinations, improved Memory, removal of Ignorance.

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Image credit. http://www.allgodwallpapers.com

Though the Savitri Mantra can take care of this, I am now providing more specific Mantras.

1.Saravathi Beeja mantra for All education related issues.

Aum
Aing Saraswathye Namah
Aum

2.For Better Concentration, Improved Memory.

Saraswati Namasthubhyam
Varade Kamarupini
Vidhyarambam Karishyami
Siddhir Bavathume Sadha

3.For Better IQ.

Shuklaam Brahmvichaar
Saar Paramaadyaam Jagadvyaapineem Veennaa Pushtak
Dhaarinneebhamay Daam
Jaad Yaapandhkaaraapahaam
Haste Sfatik Maalikaam Vidhateem
Paramaasane Sansthitaam Vande Taam
Parameshwareem Bhagwateem Buddhi Pradaam Shaaradaam.

4.Scoring better marks in examinations.

Om Aim Hrim
Kleem Maha Saraswati Devaya
Namaha

5.Mantra to be chanted before preparing for examinations.

Saraswathi Namasthubhyam,
Varadey Kaamarupinee
Vidhyarambham Karishyami,
Sidhir bhavathu mey sada

6.For success in Career oriented/Professional Examinations.

Om
Vageeshwaryae Vidmahe Vagwadeenyae
Dhimahe Tannah Saraswati Prachodayaaath

 

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Education

How To Discern A University College


Formal Education , in my opinion, is to make a Living, despite views that it really helps one in building one self to face Life.

It prepares one to face life on the economic front.

Education India .Logo.png Education India .Logo.

But for other important aspects of Life one has to follow some basic principles of Humanity, like Humanitarian approach,respect for others and their views, pride in one’s country,Culture, History,welfare of others and the society one lives in by forsaking  comforts,tolerance,Compassion for all living beings,Integrity, Honesty, Loyalty and above the mental resilience to face the problems thrown by Life.

This can be achieved by value based education which can be found in the culture one belongs to or born into.

However this does not mean to say that the present formal education system is without merit for unless one feels economically comfortable, he would find it very hard to follow any moral values, such is the pressure of poverty.

And we have, like every thing else , the Job market and consequently the course one chooses changes periodically.

When I was entering college, about fifty years back, the popular Course was B.Com and the most coveted job was in a Bank, which can be had by writing the Bank Entrance Examination.

Then came Engineering, B.E. mania when people rushed to Engineering colleges, even if  child does not it or  the parents could not afford it.

In the mad rush all other courses were left behind.

The came the IT wave.

Every one was rushing to IT courses to such an extent even an unqualified Coaching Centre was minting money.

Now the things have come to a full circle.

One finds engineering colleges being sold (in Tamil Nadu at least) with about 64,000 Engineering seats remaining vacant!

The current trend is Commerce especially B.Com.

In this topsy-turvy yoyo ,Medicine remains still the favourite.

Medicine remains till date the same sought after course despite qualified Doctors finding it difficult to find Jobs.

Another issue is to find a course , university and college.

Notwithstanding the unwritten practice of Educational institutions not advertising( this was prevalent till about 50 years back),

we now find Educational Institutions advertising heavily, most of the information in the advertising copy is purely  a product of the copy writer’s vivid imagination.

Now even coaching centres call themselves Educational Institutions and even tutorial Colleges.

By the way can some one tell me the difference between the two?

Possibly the former coaches all, the latter the failed Ones!

Then you come across the competition among the Universities!

Under these circumstances, it becomes difficult to sort out fact from fiction.

What one needs is a comprehensive list of Courses, Universities, Colleges,Various disciplines one can choose from.

Plus an insight into Course content, current changes in the structure of the Syllabus, Job trends, and scholarship details is necessary.

And Common Entrance Examinations.

I have been watching the news on this and I have not written much about education recently as I have been writing articles on Indian History and Culture  .

I propose writing  more on Education in future.

While keeping a watch on the information relating to choosing a course, University,Colleges, Syllabus changes and other information I have detailed above, I found collegedunia.com to be quite informative.

Apps is also available.

Out of curiosity I checked their List of Colleges for Medicine in Kolkata based on Ranking.

Medical Colleges In Kolkata Based on Ranking

Readers may send in information on such services available in the interest of Students and parents.

 

 

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Hinduism

Taxila, Takshashila Built By Bharata Brother Of Rama


Lord Rama’s son ,Lava built Lahore now in Pakistan.

Taxila, called as Takshashila in Sanskrit and Takashila was built by Bharata, brother of Lord Rama , for his son Taksha.

Taxila.Image.jpg

Taxila, Takshasila, world’s First University.

Legend has it that Takṣaśilā derived its name from Takṣa, who was the son of Bharata, the brother of the Hindu deity Rama. Takṣa’s kingdom was called Takṣa Khanda and its capital that he founded was named Takṣaśilā.

*According to another theory propounded by DD Kosambi, Takṣaśilā is related to Takṣaka, Sanskrit for “carpenter”, and is an alternative name for the Nāgas of ancient India. In the great Hindu epic Mahābhārata, the Kuru heir Parikṣit (grandson of the Arjuna) was enthroned at Takṣaśilā. Traditionally, it is believed that the Mahabharata was first recited at Takṣaśilā by Vaishampayana, student ofVyasa at the behest of the seer Vyasa himself, at the Snake Sacrifice.

* There is no supportive evidence for this.

In “Lalitha Vistara,” we are told of the formation of such institutions for teaching the three R’s and moral stories to the young. Further, a very remarkable achievement of ancient India in the post-Vedic and Buddhist ages was the organisation of higher education in a few of the prominent centres of India. The earliest and the most famous institutions of the kind were those of Benares and Taxila, which were the educational havens for people from all parts of the world, right down at least from the Buddhist age. The one place which acquired a great reputation not only for its mastery over a special branch of knowledge, medicine, but also for its general ideal instruction, perfect discipline and homely training was the University of Taxila…

In the Ramayana, (Vangavasi Edition-Uttarakandam-Chapter XIV) Bharata, Sri Rama’s brother, is said to have built two cities, Takkhasila and Puskalavata, and appointed his sons, Takkha and Puskala, to be their rulers respectively. The cities were described as very prosperous in as much as their citizens were pious and prosperous. There is another reference in the same Uttarakanda of Ramayana that Takkhasila was a centre of learning and that people from different parts of the country resorted to the Institution of Education there to specialise in Law (Vyavahara). The 88th Chapter of Vayupurana refers to Takkhasila, the capital of Takka, a beautiful city.

‘Brihatsamhita’ mentions Takkhasila as a most famous city, implying thereby that it was doubtless a centre of ancient education and culture. Further, in Mahabharata, it is recorded that the King Janamejaya conquered it. It also declares the men Taxila to be matchless and unrivalled in discussions and debates in educational and cultural learning. Lastly, Ksemendra’s ‘Aradanakalpalata’ says that Asoka’s son, Kunala, was sent by Asoka to conquer Takkhasila, which was ruled by Kunjarakarna.

Taxila has been referred to, often, in Pali literature as well, a great centre of learning and as an important University centre in ancient India. According to Dhammapadattahakatha, Pasenadi, King of Kosala, was educated at the University of Taxila. From the Mahavagga, (Vinaya Pitaka), we learn that several princes from various kingdoms, within and without India, went to the University of Taxila for their complete education.

Dhammapadadattahakatha speaks of a student who went to Taxila, all the way from Benares, to study the ‘Silpas’, in the midst of five hundred class-mates. In several places, in the Pali Jatakas, there are references to highly renowned teachers living at Taxila and to the various subjects taught there.
The foreign writers of Greece, Rome and China have left Lind valuable records of accounts of Taxila. Arrian refers it as having been a great and flourishing city in the times Alexander. Strabo comments upon its population. Plutarch dwells upon its fertile soil. Hiuentsang writes of its rich harvests and luxuriant vegetation. There are other foreign Buddhist works which refer to the various arts and sciences, imparted at the University of Taxila, in the Buddhist age.

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Hinduism, Tamils

Sanskrit Latin Tamil Which is Older


Sanskrit and Latin are considered to be the ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit,

is considered to be the liturgical language of India,the language of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism,and the mother of  Proto-Indo-Iranian and Proto-Indo-European lanuage group.

With Thirty Million  Manuscripts existing even today,Sanskrit is the oldest Language of the world and the Rig Veda which is in Sanskrit is the oldest literature of the world.

There is a view that the Hitti Language is older than Sanskrit.

Not so.

I shall be posting on this  an article(‘ https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/02/04/thirty-million-manuscripts-700-poetic-meters-amazing-sanskrit/)

 

The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists.’ william Jones.

Number Sanskrit Latin Greek
1 éka unus mono-
2 dvá duo di-
3 trí tres tri-
4 catúr quattuor tetra-
5 páñca quinque
6 sás sex hexa-
7 saptá septem hepta-
8 astá octo octa-
9 náva novem ennea-
10 dása decem deca-

 

 

Western scholars date it to 2nd millennium BCE (for Rig-vedic)

( there are primary classifications,Vedic and Post Vedic.

Latin.

Inscription for 5th century Roman Consul Decius Marius Venantius Basilius in the Colosseum in Rome. CIL VI 1716 c, VI 32094 c    .Image.jpg

Inscription for 5th century Roman Consul Decius Marius Venantius Basilius in the Colosseum in Rome. CIL VI 1716 c, VI 32094 c “Rome Colosseum inscription 2” by Wknight94 – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rome_Colosseum_inscription_2.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Rome_Colosseum_inscription_2.jpg

Old Latin, also known as Early Latin and Archaic Latin, refers to the Latin language in the period before 75 BC, i.e. before the age of Classical Latin.[2] In New and Contemporary Latin, it is called prisca Latinitas (“ancient Latin”) rather than vetus Latina (“old Latin”) as the latter is used to refer to a set of Biblical texts.(wiki)

But Sanskrit was used during the period of Ramayana and the language was in use much earlier as the Vedas were learnt during Ramayana.

Hence it should predate Ramayana at least by 2000 yeas to attain the level of  maturity.

And the Rig veda is dated to 5000 BC and it recorded as the oldest literature of Humans.

Now Rama date is 5114 BC.

Luv and Kush grew in his ashram as his disciples. We need to be proud of the fact that Valmiki was perhaps the first great astronomer and that his study of planetary configurations has stood the test of times. Even the latest computer softwares have corroborated his astronomical calculations, which proves that he did not commit any error.

 

Shabri is stated to be belonging to the Bhil tribe. Shri Rams’ army, which succeeded in defeating Ravana, was formed by various tribes from Central and South India.

 

Taking into account these details the Birth date of Lord Rama  is January 10 in the year 5114 BC.

(Ramayana Lord Rama’s Exile Date  and other details .

(https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2012/04/05/ramayana-lord-ramas-exile-date-and-other-details/)

Hence Sanskrit dates to at least 7000 BC.

Therefore Sanskrit is older than Latin.

Wait, there is some more information.

Tamil.

The word Tamil in Tamil Languagesvg.png

The word “Tamil” in Tamil language. “Word Tamil” by AntanO – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Word_Tamil.svg#mediaviewer/File:Word_Tamil.svg

Tamil /ˈtæmɪl/[10] (தமிழ், tamiḻ[t̪ɐmɨɻ] ?) also spelt Tamizh is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people ofTamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu,[11] Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also an official and national language of Sri Lanka[12] and one of the official languages of Singapore.[13] It is legalised as one of the languages of medium of education in Malaysia along with English, Malay and Mandarin.[14][15] It is also chiefly spoken in the states of Kerala, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands as a secondary language and by minorities in Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and was the first Indian language to be declared a classical language by the Government of India in 2004. Tamil is also spoken by significant minorities inMalaysia, England, Mauritius, Canada,[16] South Africa,[17] Fiji,[18] Germany,[19] Philippines, United States, Netherlands,Indonesia,[20] Réunion and France as well as emigrant communities around the world.

Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world.[21][22] 2,200-year-old Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions have been found on Samanamalai It has been described as “the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past.

The fact that Tamil Kings were mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata would enable one to date tamil around, again 7000 BC, at a conservative estimate.

The archaeological finds from Attirappakkam northeast of Chennai evidences the existence of Tamils about a million years ago!

“The prehistoric period during which Lower Paleolithic settlements existed in the Tamil Nadu region has been estimated to span the period from about 1,510,000 BCE[1] until around 3000 BCE.[2] For most part of the lower Paleolithic stage, humans lived close to river valleys with sparse forest cover or in grassland environments. The population density was very low and so far only two localities of this lower Palaeolithic culture have been found insouth India. One of these is in Attirampakkam valley in the northwest of Chennai in Tamil Nadu.[3] Archaeological research has uncovered evidence of fossil remains of animals and primitive stone implements around the northern Tamil Nadu that could be dated to belong to around 3000,000 BCE.[citation needed]Humans inSouth India, belonging to the species of Homo erectus, lived in this primitive ‘old stone age’ (Palaeolithic) for quite a long time, using only crude implements such as hand axes and choppers and subsisting as hunter-gatherers“(wiki)

The Tamil History based on this, Tamil Literature,Sanskrit Literature and Arikkamedu findings,Puducherry is between   15,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE.

Such an old civilization quotes Sanskrit and Vedic Literature .

But we are dating the Vedas around 5000 BC.

If the Sangam period , Muthal Sangam, at 500 BC is true, how is it that the Purana, which are earlier by at least by 4000 years, quote Tamils, Tamil Kings?

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/12/27/million-year-old-tamil-quotes-vedas-they-quote-tamil/)

People who call themselves scholars conveniently overlook these facts in assigning dates to Tamil and Sanskrit.

It would be fair to state, based on the available evidence that,

Sanskrit and Tamil date earlier to Latin and

as to the question “Which one is earlier, Tamil or Sanskrit?’,

I am unable to establish on the basis of available evidence as each language quotes the other.

One might state that , as of now, that Sanskrit and Tamil are the oldest languages of Humans .

References.

http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/sanskrit.htm

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanskrit

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Latin

 

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/286368/Indo-European-languages/74551/Sanskrit-studies-and-their-impact

 

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_language

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Education

Training For Competitive Examinations India Abroad.


Leaving aside the issue whether leaving abroad for good,it is an accepted fact that children leave for pursuing Higher studies.

And I have noticed that such students once they leave for Higher Education, it is certain that they would find employment there and eventually settle down there.

Considering the present trend,it is time that parents be prepared to accept this as a Reality.

Children, once they complete their standard Ten in schools, in some cases even from their fifth or sixth standard,prepare themselves for the task of pursuing Higher education abroad.

At the other end, there are also courses that prepare one for prestigious professions, no doubt paying well, in India as well.

Preparing for these examinations in India for Professional Courses  for Medicine, Engineering itself is an arduous task.

With the number of aspirants to enter the courses are increasing the Educational System has set forth Entrance Tests .

Like CAT,UPSC for Civil Services.

For Foreign studies, there are also preparatory, qualifying examinations like GRE,GMAT.

These examinations evaluate one’s knowledge level.

How does one attend an examination which is meant to extract what one has learnt for over 12 Years?

The trick lies is knowing what is expected of them , how to answer the questions in the examinations in a limited time.

The students are better served by preparing themselves from early in their schools for these types of examinations.

It is one thing to score in class or Board examinations, but a different proposition when it comes to  attending these highly competitive examinations.

This calls for proper guidance from experienced  faculty who are not only proficient in their subjects but are  good at understanding the nuances of competitive examination preparations.

And the method of specific teaching and preparing one for facing these examinations.

As the readers of this Blog may be aware, I frequently post,though not regularly( I wish I do it),articles on Education with focus on students.

On this issue of preparing students for competitive Examinations, and on good coaching for students of classes 7 to 12, I have noticed Byju’s Classes .

Byju's Classes.png

Byju’s Classes .

The organisation seems to be doing a fair job of fulfilling the task of guiding, counseling and preparing the students  in all the areas.

The faculty , I am informed by the students, is professional and the coaching is good.

The success rate in the competitive examinations of such students coming from Byju’s Classes is quite High.

The Byju’s Classes prepare students from Standards 7 to 12.

For MBBS and Engineering there are special courses.

Appreciated by Deloitte, NDTV,CNBC and TIMESNOW, the organisation has an online Portal, where the learning is simple, with specific guidance systems.

For more information Click the Link provided in the post.

Click here For CAT preparation.

 

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