Hinduism

Taxila, Takshashila Built By Bharata Brother Of Rama


Lord Rama’s son ,Lava built Lahore now in Pakistan.

Taxila, called as Takshashila in Sanskrit and Takashila was built by Bharata, brother of Lord Rama , for his son Taksha.

Taxila.Image.jpg

Taxila, Takshasila, world’s First University.

Legend has it that Takṣaśilā derived its name from Takṣa, who was the son of Bharata, the brother of the Hindu deity Rama. Takṣa’s kingdom was called Takṣa Khanda and its capital that he founded was named Takṣaśilā.

*According to another theory propounded by DD Kosambi, Takṣaśilā is related to Takṣaka, Sanskrit for “carpenter”, and is an alternative name for the Nāgas of ancient India. In the great Hindu epic Mahābhārata, the Kuru heir Parikṣit (grandson of the Arjuna) was enthroned at Takṣaśilā. Traditionally, it is believed that the Mahabharata was first recited at Takṣaśilā by Vaishampayana, student ofVyasa at the behest of the seer Vyasa himself, at the Snake Sacrifice.

* There is no supportive evidence for this.

In “Lalitha Vistara,” we are told of the formation of such institutions for teaching the three R’s and moral stories to the young. Further, a very remarkable achievement of ancient India in the post-Vedic and Buddhist ages was the organisation of higher education in a few of the prominent centres of India. The earliest and the most famous institutions of the kind were those of Benares and Taxila, which were the educational havens for people from all parts of the world, right down at least from the Buddhist age. The one place which acquired a great reputation not only for its mastery over a special branch of knowledge, medicine, but also for its general ideal instruction, perfect discipline and homely training was the University of Taxila…

In the Ramayana, (Vangavasi Edition-Uttarakandam-Chapter XIV) Bharata, Sri Rama’s brother, is said to have built two cities, Takkhasila and Puskalavata, and appointed his sons, Takkha and Puskala, to be their rulers respectively. The cities were described as very prosperous in as much as their citizens were pious and prosperous. There is another reference in the same Uttarakanda of Ramayana that Takkhasila was a centre of learning and that people from different parts of the country resorted to the Institution of Education there to specialise in Law (Vyavahara). The 88th Chapter of Vayupurana refers to Takkhasila, the capital of Takka, a beautiful city.

‘Brihatsamhita’ mentions Takkhasila as a most famous city, implying thereby that it was doubtless a centre of ancient education and culture. Further, in Mahabharata, it is recorded that the King Janamejaya conquered it. It also declares the men Taxila to be matchless and unrivalled in discussions and debates in educational and cultural learning. Lastly, Ksemendra’s ‘Aradanakalpalata’ says that Asoka’s son, Kunala, was sent by Asoka to conquer Takkhasila, which was ruled by Kunjarakarna.

Taxila has been referred to, often, in Pali literature as well, a great centre of learning and as an important University centre in ancient India. According to Dhammapadattahakatha, Pasenadi, King of Kosala, was educated at the University of Taxila. From the Mahavagga, (Vinaya Pitaka), we learn that several princes from various kingdoms, within and without India, went to the University of Taxila for their complete education.

Dhammapadadattahakatha speaks of a student who went to Taxila, all the way from Benares, to study the ‘Silpas’, in the midst of five hundred class-mates. In several places, in the Pali Jatakas, there are references to highly renowned teachers living at Taxila and to the various subjects taught there.
The foreign writers of Greece, Rome and China have left Lind valuable records of accounts of Taxila. Arrian refers it as having been a great and flourishing city in the times Alexander. Strabo comments upon its population. Plutarch dwells upon its fertile soil. Hiuentsang writes of its rich harvests and luxuriant vegetation. There are other foreign Buddhist works which refer to the various arts and sciences, imparted at the University of Taxila, in the Buddhist age.

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Hinduism, Tamils

Sanskrit Latin Tamil Which is Older


Sanskrit and Latin are considered to be the ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit,

is considered to be the liturgical language of India,the language of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism,and the mother of  Proto-Indo-Iranian and Proto-Indo-European lanuage group.

With Thirty Million  Manuscripts existing even today,Sanskrit is the oldest Language of the world and the Rig Veda which is in Sanskrit is the oldest literature of the world.

There is a view that the Hitti Language is older than Sanskrit.

Not so.

I shall be posting on this  an article(‘ https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/02/04/thirty-million-manuscripts-700-poetic-meters-amazing-sanskrit/)

 

The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists.’ william Jones.

Number Sanskrit Latin Greek
1 éka unus mono-
2 dvá duo di-
3 trí tres tri-
4 catúr quattuor tetra-
5 páñca quinque
6 sás sex hexa-
7 saptá septem hepta-
8 astá octo octa-
9 náva novem ennea-
10 dása decem deca-

 

 

Western scholars date it to 2nd millennium BCE (for Rig-vedic)

( there are primary classifications,Vedic and Post Vedic.

Latin.

Inscription for 5th century Roman Consul Decius Marius Venantius Basilius in the Colosseum in Rome. CIL VI 1716 c, VI 32094 c    .Image.jpg

Inscription for 5th century Roman Consul Decius Marius Venantius Basilius in the Colosseum in Rome. CIL VI 1716 c, VI 32094 c “Rome Colosseum inscription 2” by Wknight94 – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rome_Colosseum_inscription_2.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Rome_Colosseum_inscription_2.jpg

Old Latin, also known as Early Latin and Archaic Latin, refers to the Latin language in the period before 75 BC, i.e. before the age of Classical Latin.[2] In New and Contemporary Latin, it is called prisca Latinitas (“ancient Latin”) rather than vetus Latina (“old Latin”) as the latter is used to refer to a set of Biblical texts.(wiki)

But Sanskrit was used during the period of Ramayana and the language was in use much earlier as the Vedas were learnt during Ramayana.

Hence it should predate Ramayana at least by 2000 yeas to attain the level of  maturity.

And the Rig veda is dated to 5000 BC and it recorded as the oldest literature of Humans.

Now Rama date is 5114 BC.

Luv and Kush grew in his ashram as his disciples. We need to be proud of the fact that Valmiki was perhaps the first great astronomer and that his study of planetary configurations has stood the test of times. Even the latest computer softwares have corroborated his astronomical calculations, which proves that he did not commit any error.

 

Shabri is stated to be belonging to the Bhil tribe. Shri Rams’ army, which succeeded in defeating Ravana, was formed by various tribes from Central and South India.

 

Taking into account these details the Birth date of Lord Rama  is January 10 in the year 5114 BC.

(Ramayana Lord Rama’s Exile Date  and other details .

(https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2012/04/05/ramayana-lord-ramas-exile-date-and-other-details/)

Hence Sanskrit dates to at least 7000 BC.

Therefore Sanskrit is older than Latin.

Wait, there is some more information.

Tamil.

The word Tamil in Tamil Languagesvg.png

The word “Tamil” in Tamil language. “Word Tamil” by AntanO – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Word_Tamil.svg#mediaviewer/File:Word_Tamil.svg

Tamil /ˈtæmɪl/[10] (தமிழ், tamiḻ[t̪ɐmɨɻ] ?) also spelt Tamizh is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people ofTamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu,[11] Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also an official and national language of Sri Lanka[12] and one of the official languages of Singapore.[13] It is legalised as one of the languages of medium of education in Malaysia along with English, Malay and Mandarin.[14][15] It is also chiefly spoken in the states of Kerala, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands as a secondary language and by minorities in Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and was the first Indian language to be declared a classical language by the Government of India in 2004. Tamil is also spoken by significant minorities inMalaysia, England, Mauritius, Canada,[16] South Africa,[17] Fiji,[18] Germany,[19] Philippines, United States, Netherlands,Indonesia,[20] Réunion and France as well as emigrant communities around the world.

Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world.[21][22] 2,200-year-old Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions have been found on Samanamalai It has been described as “the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past.

The fact that Tamil Kings were mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata would enable one to date tamil around, again 7000 BC, at a conservative estimate.

The archaeological finds from Attirappakkam northeast of Chennai evidences the existence of Tamils about a million years ago!

“The prehistoric period during which Lower Paleolithic settlements existed in the Tamil Nadu region has been estimated to span the period from about 1,510,000 BCE[1] until around 3000 BCE.[2] For most part of the lower Paleolithic stage, humans lived close to river valleys with sparse forest cover or in grassland environments. The population density was very low and so far only two localities of this lower Palaeolithic culture have been found insouth India. One of these is in Attirampakkam valley in the northwest of Chennai in Tamil Nadu.[3] Archaeological research has uncovered evidence of fossil remains of animals and primitive stone implements around the northern Tamil Nadu that could be dated to belong to around 3000,000 BCE.[citation needed]Humans inSouth India, belonging to the species of Homo erectus, lived in this primitive ‘old stone age’ (Palaeolithic) for quite a long time, using only crude implements such as hand axes and choppers and subsisting as hunter-gatherers“(wiki)

The Tamil History based on this, Tamil Literature,Sanskrit Literature and Arikkamedu findings,Puducherry is between   15,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE.

Such an old civilization quotes Sanskrit and Vedic Literature .

But we are dating the Vedas around 5000 BC.

If the Sangam period , Muthal Sangam, at 500 BC is true, how is it that the Purana, which are earlier by at least by 4000 years, quote Tamils, Tamil Kings?

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/12/27/million-year-old-tamil-quotes-vedas-they-quote-tamil/)

People who call themselves scholars conveniently overlook these facts in assigning dates to Tamil and Sanskrit.

It would be fair to state, based on the available evidence that,

Sanskrit and Tamil date earlier to Latin and

as to the question “Which one is earlier, Tamil or Sanskrit?’,

I am unable to establish on the basis of available evidence as each language quotes the other.

One might state that , as of now, that Sanskrit and Tamil are the oldest languages of Humans .

References.

http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/sanskrit.htm

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanskrit

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Latin

 

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/286368/Indo-European-languages/74551/Sanskrit-studies-and-their-impact

 

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_language

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Education

Training For Competitive Examinations India Abroad.


Leaving aside the issue whether leaving abroad for good,it is an accepted fact that children leave for pursuing Higher studies.

And I have noticed that such students once they leave for Higher Education, it is certain that they would find employment there and eventually settle down there.

Considering the present trend,it is time that parents be prepared to accept this as a Reality.

Children, once they complete their standard Ten in schools, in some cases even from their fifth or sixth standard,prepare themselves for the task of pursuing Higher education abroad.

At the other end, there are also courses that prepare one for prestigious professions, no doubt paying well, in India as well.

Preparing for these examinations in India for Professional Courses  for Medicine, Engineering itself is an arduous task.

With the number of aspirants to enter the courses are increasing the Educational System has set forth Entrance Tests .

Like CAT,UPSC for Civil Services.

For Foreign studies, there are also preparatory, qualifying examinations like GRE,GMAT.

These examinations evaluate one’s knowledge level.

How does one attend an examination which is meant to extract what one has learnt for over 12 Years?

The trick lies is knowing what is expected of them , how to answer the questions in the examinations in a limited time.

The students are better served by preparing themselves from early in their schools for these types of examinations.

It is one thing to score in class or Board examinations, but a different proposition when it comes to  attending these highly competitive examinations.

This calls for proper guidance from experienced  faculty who are not only proficient in their subjects but are  good at understanding the nuances of competitive examination preparations.

And the method of specific teaching and preparing one for facing these examinations.

As the readers of this Blog may be aware, I frequently post,though not regularly( I wish I do it),articles on Education with focus on students.

On this issue of preparing students for competitive Examinations, and on good coaching for students of classes 7 to 12, I have noticed Byju’s Classes .

Byju's Classes.png

Byju’s Classes .

The organisation seems to be doing a fair job of fulfilling the task of guiding, counseling and preparing the students  in all the areas.

The faculty , I am informed by the students, is professional and the coaching is good.

The success rate in the competitive examinations of such students coming from Byju’s Classes is quite High.

The Byju’s Classes prepare students from Standards 7 to 12.

For MBBS and Engineering there are special courses.

Appreciated by Deloitte, NDTV,CNBC and TIMESNOW, the organisation has an online Portal, where the learning is simple, with specific guidance systems.

For more information Click the Link provided in the post.

Click here For CAT preparation.

 

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Hinduism

World’s Earliest University Than Nalanda Telhara


The world’s earliest  University was established in Takshila,India and it functioned between 500 and 1300 AD.(?)

Telhara University.png

Telhara University.India.

 

“Taxila also known as Takshashila, flourished from 600 BC to 500 AD, in the kingdom of Gandhar. 68 subjects were taught at this university and the minimum entry age, ancient texts show, was 16. At one stage, it had 10,500 students including those from Babylon, Greece, Syria, and China. Experienced masters taught the vedas, languages, grammar, philosophy, medicine, surgery, archery, politics, warfare, astronomy, accounts, commerce, documentation, music, dance and other performing arts, futurology, the occult and mystical sciences,complex mathematical calculations. The panel of masters at the university included legendary scholars like Kautilya, Panini, Jivak and Vishnu Sharma. Thus, the concept of a full-fledged university was developed in India.

Nalanda University

As early as 700 B.C., there existed a giant University at Takshashila, located in the northwest region of Bharat (India).

During the 800 years that the university was operational, it attained great fame. Its campus was one mile in length and a half-mile in width. It also had 300 lecture halls with stone benches for sitting; laboratories and other facilities were also available. For example, the university had a towering observatory called the Ambudharaavlehi for astronomical research. It has boasted a massive library called Dharma Gunj or Mountain of Knowledge that was set up in three buildings named Ratna Sagar, Ratnodavi and Ratnayanjak. The entrance examination was very difficult and the pass rate was 3 out of every 10 students. Despite this hurdle, the Chinese traveler, Hien Tsang wrote in his diary that 10,000 students and 200 professors were at Nalanda University.

Now archeologists have found another University, which, primary studoes indivates,is older than Nalanda.

It is deduced that the remains of the Telhara university can be older than Nalanda and Vikramshila universities, officials said here Sunday.

Based on the key findings, Bihar’s Arts, Culture and Youth Affairs Secretary Anand Kishor said that based on key findings from the excavation, it can be confirmed that Telhara University was older than Nalanda and Vikramshila.

“A team of archaeologists has found four Buddhist monastery seals made of terracotta, bearing the inscriptions – Sri Prathamshivpur Mahavihariyaye Bikshu Sanghas – in Pali language in Nalanda district that indicated the university’s real name, which is usually described as Telhara University,” Kishor said.

Kishor said Chinese traveller Heuen Tsang visited Telhara in the 7th century AD and he mentioned the university as “Teleadaka” in his narrative.

Kishor told IANS that archaeologists have discovered bricks that were used to lay the ancient university’s foundation.

“Bricks’ dimension 42x32x6 cm revealed a Kushan, first century AD, influence. That is a strong evidence that the Telhara University is older than fourth century’s Nalanda University and seventh century’s Vikramshila University.”.

Kishor said the archaeological discovery was a landmark achievement for Bihar.

He said archaeologists based on previous findings placed the Telhara University in the Gupta period between fourth and seventh century. But the new findings cleared all doubts as to the university’s age.

Atul Kumar Verma, director of state archaeology, said: “It is a positive development in the field of excavation in Bihar.”

“After discovery of remains of fourth century ancient Nalanda and eight century Vikramshila universities, this is the discovery of remains of third ancient university in the state,” Verma said.

He said remains of Telhara University were found during excavation of a 45-foot high mound. “We have also found a huge floor, statues in bronze and stone, and over 100 seals.”

Citation.

http://indiaspotnews.com/remains-telhara-university-bihar-can-older-nalanda-university/

http://veda.wikidot.com/tip:world-first-university-takshila

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Hinduism

Correcting Indian History ‘Historical Madness’?


Followers of this blog may be aware that I post articles on Hinduism the West Christened Hinduism, that are facts and verified,

Be it the Date of Rama, Krishna , The Vedas,Knowledge which is contained in Hindu texts that are proved by modern Science.

I do not hesitate to write on Hindu inaccuracies also.

Ancient education system of India.jpg

Ancinet system of Education, India.

I have come across two prominently displayed articles in the Deccan Herald dated 11 January, where the main focus seems to incite fear among the Public that the proposed correction, I am not sure whether this would actually happen, though I wish it does), of Indian History as we know is ‘Saffronising’ Indian Education’

It is Historical Madness.

“Unlike Nehru’s India as a nation of syncretised culture (ex: “unity in diversity”), the rightist or militant Hindutva idea of new India is based on a known rhetoric of Hindu (or Aryan) superiority constructed from selected fictions and myths contained in ancient Hindu religious texts, and which consider Islam and Christianity as alien invasions. This is a kind of historical madness. It is going to glorify Hindu nationalists like M M Malviya, K B Hedgewar, M S Golwalkar, Nathuram Godse, etc as against secular nationalist like Gandhi, Tagore, Ambedkar, Phule, Bhagat Singh and Nehru.”

It would “glorify Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Malaviya,Hedgewar,Golwalkar, and Nathuram Godse against the secularisst like Gandhi,Tagore, Ambedkar,Phule, Bhagat Singh and Nehru”.

I am shocked to read that reading about Tilak, Malaviya and others is a sin.

How?

Have they indulged in terrorism or converted people to Hinduism?

Were they uneducated ruffian politicians?

Were they not virtuous without any scandal, public and private?

Did they not speak about out Heritage and pointed out the false history foisted on us,( which many westerners agree to)?

Yes Godse killed Gandhi, it is to be condemned.

But does that make one suspect his love for India?

Golwalkar and Hedgewar?

What are their sins?

That they lived  impeccable lives?

They were erudite scholars?

Or most importantly tried to bring the Hindus together who were being made to hate their Hindu Culture?

Now about Gandhi.

One of holy cows about whom nothing but the best is to be said,

Was Gandhi the only person who brought freedom to India single-handedly?

Did Gandhi repudiate Indian Scriptures?

Was it fair on Gandhi to force the Indian Government to accede Pakistan with disproportionate assets as if India were his ancestral property?

 

Nehru,

What more myths you want to state as History?

No doubt he was instrumental in building India.

Equally true is the fact that Kashmir mess is his creation.

As to personal character, he can not hold a candle to Malaviya and others.

As to the gentleman, who is reported to have written the Indian Constitution  and a Social reformer, Ambedkar, I have quite a few articles.

As to people who say personal life is different is from public life, I say that one who is not impeccable in personal life can not be a model Public figure, for it is morally wrong.

Then there is the fear psychosis being introduced.

What are the myths these secular want to avoid?

That Sanatana Dharma is very old,

Vedas contain advanced scientific concepts.

I I read in the same paper that some scientist has stated that ‘ the statement that Hindus knew about Vaimanika Sastra, Plane Building is non sense ‘, I shall be replying this shortly?

Lord Rama and Krishna’s dates have been authenticated by astronomical events and by Archeology.

Krishna’s Dwaraka,

Ravan’s Castle, Sita’s prison,

Axle of Ravana’s Pushpaka Vimana,

Jarasandha’s Town,

All these have been found.

Vedas have calculated the velocity of Light .

That Alexander never invaded India.

Muslims destroyed Hindu temples and converted millions of Hindus by the sword?

That the Taj was built on a Shiva Temple?

That the Vatican was a Siva Temple,

Petra Jordan Has a Siva temple,

St.Peter’s Cathedral’s Courtyard is shaped as the Shiva Linga,

Archeological evidence has been found throughout the world that the Sanatana Dharma was present everywhere,

That the idols in many South Indian Temples had to be hidden to escape the wrath of Islam,

That Krishna married a Pandyan Princess,

That Aryan Invasion is a nonsense propagated by the west,

Max Mueller deliberately misinterpreted Hindu scriptures,

That Macaulay openly admitted that his intention to introduce was to make Indians lose their respect for their culture,

That the Bible and Koran were concocted stories to serve political greed,

Britishers , during their rule of India, have killed about One Billion Indians?

That the Christians allot funds to convert Hindus?

Christians ridicule Hinduism and at the same time have included many Hindu practices into their fold.

Making corrections , with authentic sources is no crime.

So is quoting Hindu texts.

It is not as though , every thing about Modern science is about to be banned in India.

Believing this is Madness.

Citation.

 

 http://www.deccanherald.com/content/452800/distorted-facts-selective-biased-content.html

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