Though I have written about the Mantras for various Life issues, most of them problem specific, I have not written on the specific Mantras for Success in Examinations, improved Memory, removal of Ignorance.
Formal Education , in my opinion, is to make a Living, despite views that it really helps one in building one self to face Life.
It prepares one to face life on the economic front.
Education India .Logo.
But for other important aspects of Life one has to follow some basic principles of Humanity, like Humanitarian approach,respect for others and their views, pride in one’s country,Culture, History,welfare of others and the society one lives in by forsaking comforts,tolerance,Compassion for all living beings,Integrity, Honesty, Loyalty and above the mental resilience to face the problems thrown by Life.
This can be achieved by value based education which can be found in the culture one belongs to or born into.
However this does not mean to say that the present formal education system is without merit for unless one feels economically comfortable, he would find it very hard to follow any moral values, such is the pressure of poverty.
And we have, like every thing else , the Job market and consequently the course one chooses changes periodically.
When I was entering college, about fifty years back, the popular Course was B.Com and the most coveted job was in a Bank, which can be had by writing the Bank Entrance Examination.
Then came Engineering, B.E. mania when people rushed to Engineering colleges, even if child does not it or the parents could not afford it.
In the mad rush all other courses were left behind.
The came the IT wave.
Every one was rushing to IT courses to such an extent even an unqualified Coaching Centre was minting money.
Now the things have come to a full circle.
One finds engineering colleges being sold (in Tamil Nadu at least) with about 64,000 Engineering seats remaining vacant!
The current trend is Commerce especially B.Com.
In this topsy-turvy yoyo ,Medicine remains still the favourite.
Medicine remains till date the same sought after course despite qualified Doctors finding it difficult to find Jobs.
Another issue is to find a course , university and college.
Notwithstanding the unwritten practice of Educational institutions not advertising( this was prevalent till about 50 years back),
we now find Educational Institutions advertising heavily, most of the information in the advertising copy is purely a product of the copy writer’s vivid imagination.
Now even coaching centres call themselves Educational Institutions and even tutorial Colleges.
By the way can some one tell me the difference between the two?
Possibly the former coaches all, the latter the failed Ones!
Then you come across the competition among the Universities!
Under these circumstances, it becomes difficult to sort out fact from fiction.
What one needs is a comprehensive list of Courses, Universities, Colleges,Various disciplines one can choose from.
Plus an insight into Course content, current changes in the structure of the Syllabus, Job trends, and scholarship details is necessary.
And Common Entrance Examinations.
I have been watching the news on this and I have not written much about education recently as I have been writing articles on Indian History and Culture .
I propose writing more on Education in future.
While keeping a watch on the information relating to choosing a course, University,Colleges, Syllabus changes and other information I have detailed above, I found collegedunia.com to be quite informative.
Apps is also available.
Out of curiosity I checked their List of Colleges for Medicine in Kolkata based on Ranking.
Lord Rama’s son ,Lava built Lahore now in Pakistan.
Taxila, called as Takshashila in Sanskrit and Takashila was built by Bharata, brother of Lord Rama , for his son Taksha.
Legend has it that Takṣaśilā derived its name from Takṣa, who was the son of Bharata, the brother of the Hindu deity Rama. Takṣa’s kingdom was called Takṣa Khanda and its capital that he founded was named Takṣaśilā.
*According to another theory propounded by DD Kosambi, Takṣaśilā is related to Takṣaka, Sanskrit for “carpenter”, and is an alternative name for the Nāgas of ancient India. In the great Hindu epic Mahābhārata, the Kuru heir Parikṣit (grandson of the Arjuna) was enthroned at Takṣaśilā. Traditionally, it is believed that the Mahabharata was first recited at Takṣaśilā by Vaishampayana, student ofVyasa at the behest of the seer Vyasa himself, at the Snake Sacrifice.
* There is no supportive evidence for this.
In “Lalitha Vistara,” we are told of the formation of such institutions for teaching the three R’s and moral stories to the young. Further, a very remarkable achievement of ancient India in the post-Vedic and Buddhist ages was the organisation of higher education in a few of the prominent centres of India. The earliest and the most famous institutions of the kind were those of Benares and Taxila, which were the educational havens for people from all parts of the world, right down at least from the Buddhist age. The one place which acquired a great reputation not only for its mastery over a special branch of knowledge, medicine, but also for its general ideal instruction, perfect discipline and homely training was the University of Taxila…
In the Ramayana, (Vangavasi Edition-Uttarakandam-Chapter XIV) Bharata, Sri Rama’s brother, is said to have built two cities, Takkhasila and Puskalavata, and appointed his sons, Takkha and Puskala, to be their rulers respectively. The cities were described as very prosperous in as much as their citizens were pious and prosperous. There is another reference in the same Uttarakanda of Ramayana that Takkhasila was a centre of learning and that people from different parts of the country resorted to the Institution of Education there to specialise in Law (Vyavahara). The 88th Chapter of Vayupurana refers to Takkhasila, the capital of Takka, a beautiful city.
‘Brihatsamhita’ mentions Takkhasila as a most famous city, implying thereby that it was doubtless a centre of ancient education and culture. Further, in Mahabharata, it is recorded that the King Janamejaya conquered it. It also declares the men Taxila to be matchless and unrivalled in discussions and debates in educational and cultural learning. Lastly, Ksemendra’s ‘Aradanakalpalata’ says that Asoka’s son, Kunala, was sent by Asoka to conquer Takkhasila, which was ruled by Kunjarakarna.
Taxila has been referred to, often, in Pali literature as well, a great centre of learning and as an important University centre in ancient India. According to Dhammapadattahakatha, Pasenadi, King of Kosala, was educated at the University of Taxila. From the Mahavagga, (Vinaya Pitaka), we learn that several princes from various kingdoms, within and without India, went to the University of Taxila for their complete education.
Dhammapadadattahakatha speaks of a student who went to Taxila, all the way from Benares, to study the ‘Silpas’, in the midst of five hundred class-mates. In several places, in the Pali Jatakas, there are references to highly renowned teachers living at Taxila and to the various subjects taught there.
The foreign writers of Greece, Rome and China have left Lind valuable records of accounts of Taxila. Arrian refers it as having been a great and flourishing city in the times Alexander. Strabo comments upon its population. Plutarch dwells upon its fertile soil. Hiuentsang writes of its rich harvests and luxuriant vegetation. There are other foreign Buddhist works which refer to the various arts and sciences, imparted at the University of Taxila, in the Buddhist age.
The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists.’ william Jones.
Western scholars date it to 2nd millennium BCE (for Rig-vedic)
( there are primary classifications,Vedic and Post Vedic.
Old Latin, also known as Early Latin and Archaic Latin, refers to the Latin language in the period before 75 BC, i.e. before the age of Classical Latin. In New and Contemporary Latin, it is called prisca Latinitas (“ancient Latin”) rather than vetus Latina (“old Latin”) as the latter is used to refer to a set of Biblical texts.(wiki)
But Sanskrit was used during the period of Ramayana and the language was in use much earlier as the Vedas were learnt during Ramayana.
Hence it should predate Ramayana at least by 2000 yeas to attain the level of maturity.
And the Rig veda is dated to 5000 BC and it recorded as the oldest literature of Humans.
Now Rama date is 5114 BC.
Luv and Kush grew in his ashram as his disciples. We need to be proud of the fact that Valmiki was perhaps the first great astronomer and that his study of planetary configurations has stood the test of times. Even the latest computer softwares have corroborated his astronomical calculations, which proves that he did not commit any error.
Shabri is stated to be belonging to the Bhil tribe. Shri Rams’ army, which succeeded in defeating Ravana, was formed by various tribes from Central and South India.
Taking into account these details the Birth date of Lord Rama is January 10 in the year 5114 BC.
(Ramayana Lord Rama’s Exile Date and other details .
Tamil/ˈtæmɪl/ (தமிழ், tamiḻ, [t̪ɐmɨɻ]?) also spelt Tamizh is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people ofTamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also an official and national language of Sri Lanka and one of the official languages of Singapore. It is legalised as one of the languages of medium of education in Malaysia along with English, Malay and Mandarin. It is also chiefly spoken in the states of Kerala, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands as a secondary language and by minorities in Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and was the first Indian language to be declared a classical language by the Government of India in 2004. Tamil is also spoken by significant minorities inMalaysia, England, Mauritius, Canada, South Africa, Fiji, Germany, Philippines, United States, Netherlands,Indonesia, Réunion and France as well as emigrant communities around the world.
Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world. 2,200-year-old Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions have been found on Samanamalai It has been described as “the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past.
The fact that Tamil Kings were mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata would enable one to date tamil around, again 7000 BC, at a conservative estimate.
The archaeological finds from Attirappakkam northeast of Chennai evidences the existence of Tamils about a million years ago!
“The prehistoric period during which Lower Paleolithic settlements existed in the Tamil Nadu region has been estimated to span the period from about 1,510,000 BCE until around 3000 BCE. For most part of the lower Paleolithic stage, humans lived close to river valleys with sparse forest cover or in grassland environments. The population density was very low and so far only two localities of this lower Palaeolithic culture have been found insouth India. One of these is in Attirampakkam valley in the northwest of Chennai in Tamil Nadu. Archaeological research has uncovered evidence of fossil remains of animals and primitive stone implements around the northern Tamil Nadu that could be dated to belong to around 3000,000 BCE.Humans inSouth India, belonging to the species of Homo erectus, lived in this primitive ‘old stone age’ (Palaeolithic) for quite a long time, using only crude implements such as hand axes and choppers and subsisting as hunter-gatherers“(wiki)
The Tamil History based on this, Tamil Literature,Sanskrit Literature and Arikkamedu findings,Puducherry is between 15,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE.
Such an old civilization quotes Sanskrit and Vedic Literature .
But we are dating the Vedas around 5000 BC.
If the Sangam period , Muthal Sangam, at 500 BC is true, how is it that the Purana, which are earlier by at least by 4000 years, quote Tamils, Tamil Kings?