Astrophysics

Why Moon Is Not Bathed In Earth-shine In Solar Eclipse?


A solar eclipse is a natural event that takes place on Earth when the Moon moves in its orbit between Earth and the Sun (this is also known as an occultation). It happens at New Moon, when the Sun and Moon are in conjunction with each other. If the Moon was only slightly closer to Earth, and orbited in the same plane and its orbit was circular, we would see eclipses each month. The lunar orbit is elliptical and tilted with respect to Earth’s orbit, so we can only see up to 5 eclipses per year. Depending on the geometry of the Sun, Moon and Earth, the Sun can be totally blocked, or it can be partially blocked.

Solar Eclipse.Image.jpg

Solar Eclipse.

Lunar Eclipse.

A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes directly behind the Earth into its umbra (shadow). This can occur only when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are aligned (in “syzygy”) exactly, or very closely so, with the Earth in the middle. Hence, a lunar eclipse can only occur the night of a full moon. The type and length of an eclipse depend upon the Moon’s location relative to its orbital nodes.

On a full moon night you can very clearly see everything. Of course it is not as bright as the sunshine, but everything is very clearly visible. And if you were to view the earth from space on a full moon night it would not be dark. It would be illuminated by the moonshine and all the features of the earth would be clearly visible.

As there is ‘moonshine’ there must also be ‘earthshine’. Much of the earth is covered by water which is a good reflector of sunlight. In fact the scientists say ‘earthshine’ is much brighter than ‘moonshine’. And according to our understanding the earth is enormous in comparison to the size of the moon. So if the moonshine can completely illuminate this earth on a full moon night then the earthshine can completely illuminate the moon.

The ‘earthshine’ bombarding the moon at the time of a total solar eclipse would be at least ten times brighter than the moonshine on the earth on a full moon night.

If Western astronomers are correct the solar eclipse would be the prefect time to see the moon illuminated by earthshine. The shadow created which causes the solar eclipse on earth is, according to NASA, at most 167 miles wide. So if you were sitting on the moon during a solar eclipse you would see an extremely bright earth planet with a dark circle of only 167 miles wide. This is not enough to diminish the earthshine in any significant way. So  even though the sun is behind the moon, the full force of the sunshine is hitting the earth and reflecting off those shiny blue oceans and reflecting off the land also’

On checking up I found that earth shine is not much and hence not visible.

Science talks about Albedo and distances, but that does seem to me a lot of suppositions and wishful thinking.

Earthshine is a soft, faint glow on the shadowed part of the moon caused by the reflection of sunlight from the Earth.

Specifically, Earthshine happens when the light from the sun is reflected from the Earth’s surface, to the moon, and then back to our eyes. Because of this double reflection of light, Earthshine is many, many times dimmer than the direct light of the sun on the moon. Earthshine is even more faint because the moon’s “albedo” (a specific kind of reflectivity) is less than Earth’s. Even though this dim light is only a reflection it can still illuminate some features of the moon.

Earthshine can be best seen during the crescent phases (the 1-5 day period before or after a New Moon). During this time the sun is mostly behind the moon from our perspective and bathing the Earth in a lot of direct light that is reflected onto the shadowed parts of the moon.

Moons orbiting other planets can also experience this phenomenon, generally called “planetshine”

Albedo (/ælˈbd/), or reflection coefficient, derived from Latin albedo “whiteness” (or reflected sunlight) in turn from albus “white”, is thediffuse reflectivity or reflecting power of a surface.

It is the ratio of reflected radiation from the surface to incident radiation upon it. Its dimensionless nature lets it be expressed as a percentage and is measured on a scale from zero for no reflection of a perfectly black surface to 1 for perfect reflection of a white surface.

Albedo depends on the frequency of the radiation. When quoted unqualified, it usually refers to some appropriate average across the spectrum of visible light. In general, the albedo depends on the directional distribution of incident radiation, except for Lambertian surfaces, which scatter radiation in all directions according to a cosine function and therefore have an albedo that is independent of the incident distribution. In practice, a bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) may be required to accurately characterize the scattering properties of a surface, but albedo is very useful as a first approximation.

The albedo is an important concept in climatology, astronomy, and calculating reflectivity of surfaces in LEED sustainable-rating systems for buildings. The average overall albedo of Earth, its planetary albedo, is 30 to 35% because of cloud cover, but widely varies locally across the surface because of different geological and environmental features.[1]

The term was introduced into optics by Johann Heinrich Lambert in his 1760 work Photometria.

Will some one clarify in simple terms?

Or is this the same as what Science calls as Axioms, not to be questioned?

Citation.

http://space-facts.com/solar-eclipse/

http://krishna.org/astronomy-debunked-solar-eclipses-are-not-caused-by-the-moon/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albedo

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Hinduism, Science

How The First DNA Evolved Vedas, Research Result


Asking for the first cause in Science is akin to a serious sin

As Science, with its self-made rules, which takes only Perception as the tool of Knowledge ,always flounders  on this issue, Philosophy comes to its rescue.

Though Scientists may ridicule Intuition  in Public, they accept it in Private.

One may recall that many  discoveries in Science were because of a flash of inspiration, from Newton’s Laws of Motion, Clarks’ Table to Einstein’s Theory of Relativity all have been a result of a flash of Imagination.

This is called Intuition.

The Purusha Suktha expalins the evolution of Universe at the Universal Level.

The Reality is described , explaining the evolution of Seasons, Laws etc.

The Purusha Suktha is loaded with energy and the first two lines have produced electricity.

Please read my post on this.

As is a fact in Hinduism, what is in the Macrocosm and vice versa.

Research , applying this , along with the verses in the Rig and Yajur Vedas have delivered stunning results, including the origin of the DNA .

Every thing must have a cause even in Science.

When one tries to explain the First Cause, science fails.

It dictates that you should accept axioms which can not be proved!

But Indian Philosophy and Seers(Rishis) found out the Truth and First Cause, accepting Intuition as a source of Knowledge.

And Science to-day has validated most of the by the experimental method.

Structure of DNA.Image.jpg

Structure of DNA.

Now to the Study of DNA with the help of the Vedas.

The life on the earth has evolved from the fundamental energy Figure 1, the ;life is supported by the three important factors. The – ozone layer in the mid atmosphere, the water on the earth, the conversion of hydrogen into helium. Figure 4 the first life has originated in the water. The beginning of the photosynthesis with recombination of the genetic material has opened the door for the organic evolution on the earth. Figure 3,4

The life on the earth has evolved from fundamental energy under the laws of thermodynamics and genetic inheritance. The physical basis of life is cell. Figure 3. The life on the earth is supported by t he ozone O3 layer in the mid atmosphere, the source of energy is the conversion of hydrogen into helium H3 on the surface of the sun. The water molecule H2O = 3 is life resource.

The first-created: water consists of H2O, it has been expressed by three warm the Earth while holding water reservoir, and from their separation came the letter, and two of these convey the murmuring moisture is H+ & OH־ ions.  It expresses the phenomena of ionization Rig-Veda 10- 27-23 .

The DNA replication is regulated by the Triple bond of Hydrogen  H ≡ H Rig-Veda 1-163 1,2,3,4  Figure 7

Prof. C.P. Trivedi,  109,111, C-Block, Sagar Apt.
Former Senior Fellow, Department of Culture, Govt. of India, 17/1, Old   Palasia, Indore 452001, Ph.0731-2544436                    

Decipherment of Indus Valley Vedic Seals in Modern Science 

Introduction

The Indus Valley Civilization was scientifically developed. It has generated a quest to know their source of scientific development. It has been observed that the excavated seals and the tablets are the hoofs of their traces. The Vedic metaphors have been engraved on the seals. The symbols have vast ocean of knowledge in background. They explore the reactions at molecular level. Its literary evidences can be traced in the Vedic hymns, where a picture of well developed society has been explored Rig-Veda 1-164. With this knowledge the cities like Harappa and Mohenjo-daro can be developed. The symbols narrates the origin and evolution of the creation from the fundamental energy Rig-Veda 10-90, Bell’s theorem 1972 Clauser, Freedman, David Boehm, and Alain Aspect1985

Material and Method

  1. Max Müller, who has the credit to introduce Vedas in the world, with his logical approach,  “What can be more tedious than the Veda, and yet what can be more interesting, if once we know that it is the first word spoken by the Aryan man?” It has been expressed that the Vedas represent first word spoken by the civilized man on the on the earth.

Nature April 2006  the oldest (and first early Neolithic) evidence for the drilling of human teeth in vivo (i.e., in a living person) was found in Mehrgarh.

The Vedas are the book of Science, The Vedic language is a symbolic language, where words are only the indicator of the phenomena, having vast ocean of knowledge in the background. If one knows the related phenomena than only he can give the answers related with the symbols. The Vedic seers were the head of the contemporary Institutes of education, the metaphors and the riddles reflect their examination system. To get the answer from the students the pictographs have been engraved on the seals.

Vedic Science viz – a – viz Modern Science

The building block of the Creation is Atom and the building block of the living-beings is DNA De oxy ribose Nucleic Acid Rig-Veda 4-58. The Creation has evolved from the single unified force- fundamental energy under the laws of thermodynamics Rig-Veda 10-90.

The first life has generated in water Rig-Veda 1-163-1.

The living-beings have evolved from the DNA with genetic recombination and the Mendel’s laws of inheritance. The life on the earth is supported by the ozone layer O 3.   The conversion of the hydrogen into Helium H 3 on the surface of the sun, and the water molecules H 2 O.

The triple bond of Hydrogen H Ξ H  has the key for the genetic recombination of the DNA Rig-Veda 1-163- 2,3,4.

The creation has evolved from the fundamental energy with energy transformation. The laws of thermodynamics have been expressed by the three faces of the symbolic Man showing origin.

The horned hood express the synthesis of DNA from the atoms and molecules. They have synthesized the cell and the genomic chromosome. The surrounding animals have been evolved from the single cell with genetic recombination and crossing over.

The U shape structure is the symbol for the genomic chromosome and the fish like structure is a symbol for the cell.

It has been expressed that the life has originated on the earth with synthesis of a cell, it has been expressed by a fish like structure the dot in the centre represent nucleus in the cell. The leaves on the head is a symbol for the photosynthesis,  The genetic recombination with crossing over have given the ways for evolution.

The horned hood expresses the four horned buffalo emitted  Rig-Veda 4-58-1,2,3

The leaves on the head expresses the source of food on the earth is photosynthesis Rig-Veda 1-164-7″

The button seal symbol 

Symbols of early Life.Rig Veda.Image.jpg

Symbols of early Life.Rig Veda

, the button seal indicate origin of the biotic and a-biotic components of the nature from theatmospheric ocean in two different directions. The hollowstructure in the centre is symbolic atmospheric ocean andthe bifurcation of the hollow structure into two differentdirections indicates the evolution of the biotic and a-bioticcomponents in two different directions.
Atharvaveda 13-1-52
 
2 The hollow space
 – it is the qualm and quiet pre-
cosmic condition of the fundamental energy, when there wasnothing in existence only deep darkness was there. Therewas only one force, which began to disintegrate from infiniteto finite with its back ground in the infinite cosmos Rig-Veda10-129 1, 2, 3.
Rig-Veda 10-129- 2 “

“The kine extract milk from his head; clothing themselves in a wrap, they drunk water with the foot Rig-Veda 1-164-7

The seven figures at the base expresses the phenotypes and genotypes.

It has been expressed that the creation came into the existence with formation of the atmospheric layers of the earth Atharvaveda 14-1-5

Guarded by covering-arrangements, defended by watchmen (?? b ā rhata), O Soma, thou standest hearing the pressing-stones; no earthly one partakes of thee Atharvaveda 14-1-5

Citation.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/05/04/purusha-suktha-generates-electricity-prototype/

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Astrophysics, Hinduism

Universe Size 13.7 Billion Light Years Surya Siddhanta Science Agrees


When one talks of Distances in Space one is struck by the sheer magnitude of it.

The distances involved are so huge that the Speed of Light is taken as the base.

Even this is not sufficient to comprehend and measure large numbers involved.

Hence the concept of AU, Astronomical Unit.

Observable Universe.Image.png

Observable Universe.

One AU equals the distance traveled by Light in a Year.

That is 149 597 871 Kilometers.

Definition: An Astronomical Unit is the mean distance between the Earth and the Sun. In 2012, the International Astronomical Union defined the distance to be 149,597,870,700 meters.(http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/glossary/au.html)

Astronomers have measured the age of the universe to be approximately 13.8 billion years old. Because of the connection between distance and thespeed of light, this means they can look at a region of space that lies 13.8 billion light-years away. Like a ship in the empty ocean, astronomers on Earth can turn their telescopes to peer 13.8 billion light-years in every direction, which puts *Earth inside of an observable sphere with a radius of 13.8 billion light-years. The word “observable” is key; the sphere limits what scientists can see but not what is there.

But though the sphere appears almost 28 billion light-years in diameter, it is far larger. Scientists know that the universe is expanding. Thus, while scientists might see a spot that lay 13.8 billion light-years from Earth at the time of the Big Bang, the universe has continued to expand over its lifetime. Today, that same spot is 46 billion light-years away, making the diameter of the observable universe a sphere around 92 billion light-years

What Surya Siddhnata Siddhantha says.

Saurapakshiya Suryasiddhanta speaks of a mahayuga of 4320000 years, so do the Puranas.

There are 14 universes (Bhuvanas) according to Vedic-Puranic tradition, and our material (physical) Universe is at the middle level. We can see 7 universes at a time in any one direction, but not all 14 simultaneously. *According to Suryasiddhanta 1955885109 years have elapsed (in 2009 AD) since the beginning of Creation. When we see seven universes arranged one after another, we see into (1955885109 * 7 =) 13691 million years of TIME, and into 13691 million light-years of SPACE. Currently, scientists believe the extent of Universe to be of 13.7 billion light years.

 

Divide 13.7 billion years with 10^42 (10 raised to the power 42, or 42 zeroes after 1).

13.7 billion years = (13,691,195,763 years) * (31558149.61 seconds per year) = 4.320688 * {10^17} seconds

This is the largest QUANTUM of TIME.”

Modern Astronomy confirms this.

* One has to know that Speed and distance are interchangeable while talking of large distance numbers in Space.

Citation.

http://www.space.com/24073-how-big-is-the-universe.html

http://vedicastrology.wikidot.com/physical-astronomy-and-surya-siddhanta#toc16

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Astrophysics, Hinduism

Saptha Rishis Change Abhijit Nakshatra Astronomy Validates


The concept of Saptha Rishis is known to Hindus.

These are the seven Sages who are to be accorded the highest respect and their works are believed to be the most authentic for the Manvanthara, a Time Scale to Indian Philosophy.

In performing any Hindu rite the mention of the Saptha Rishis is mandatory.

They are the Patriarchs of the Vedic Religion.

For the present Manvantara, the list is,

Atri, Bhrigu, Kuthsa,Vasishta,Gauthama,Gauthama Angirasa.

There is a variation of this as well,

Bhrigu, Atri, Angirasa Vashista, Pulastya, Pulalaha and Kratu.

Sanatana Dharma states that these Rishis change for each Manvanthara.

Manvantara is the astronomical time within an aeon or Kalpa, a “day (day only) of Brahma”, like the present Śveta Vārāha Kalpa, where again 14Manvantaras add up to create one Kalpa.

Please read my post on Manvantara.

 

Saptha Rishis in the First Manvantara.

Atri, Bhrigu, Marichi, Kashyapa, Vasishta, Pulaha, Pulasthya.

Second Manvantara.

Urja, Stambha, Prańa, nanda , Rishabha, Nischara, and Arvarívat.

Third.

Sons of Vashista: Kaukundihi, Kurundi, Dalaya, Śankha, Praváhita, Mita, and Sammita.

Fourh.

Jyotirdhama, Prithu, Kavya, Chaitra, Agni, Vanaka, and Pivara.

Fifth.

Hirannyaroma, Vedasrí, Urddhabahu, Vedabahu, Sudhaman, Parjanya, and Mahámuni.

Sixth.

Sumedhas, Virajas, Havishmat, Uttama, Madhu, Abhináman, and Sahishnnu.

Seventh, the present Manvantara.

Kashyapa, Atri, Vashista, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni and Bharadvaja.

* there is a differnce in the name of the Rishis for the present Manvantara.

Hindu scriptures declare that the Saptha Rishis change as well as The Pole Star, The Dhruva Nakshatra.

This is validated by Modern Atronomy.

Lord Krishna in The Bhagavad Gita says.

 

‘I am Arjuna among Pandava and Abhijit among Nakshatras’.

Abhijit is the unseen Nakshatra in Hinduism , the twenty-eighth.

 

Abhijit is the Sanskrit name for Vega, the brightest star in the northern constellation of Lyra.

Abhijit means “Victorious” or “the One who cannot be defeated”.

This also changes for Manvantaras.

 

“Once Pluto moved into 10 degrees of Capricorn, it came within orb of Vega, another of astrology’s famous fixed stars.

Vega is one of the brightest stars in the sky – the 5th brightest in the whole of the sky. Back around 12,000 BCE, it was Earth’s pole star. And such cycles being what they are, it will be Earth’s pole star yet again – just prior to the year 14,000 CE…

 

Vega was Pole Star 12000 BC.jpg

Earth procession of precessional pole stars (Note: all the years in this diagram have been rounded off to make it something south of a migraine to create.)

from an Earthly ‘pole pointer perspective’ means Planet Earth is currently pointed almost as ‘away’ from Vega as Earth will ever get. If a planet can ‘look away’ from something, Earth has another 800+ years to go, and it will be ‘pointed’ in as opposite a direction as it can get from Vega. And that’s a rather interesting notion, considering that the astrological Vega is known to be a charismatic position.”
Indian
Name
Bayer
Designation
Western
Name
Kratu α UMa Dubhe
Pulaha β UMa Merak
Pulastya γ UMa Phecda
Atri δ UMa Megrez
Angiras ε UMa Alioth
Vashista ζ UMa Mizar
Bhrigu η UMa Alkaid

 

It may be noted that Vasishta was the Kula Guru of Dasaratha and Lord Rama and Ram’s date is around 5000  BC.

Citation.

http://astroppm.blogspot.in/2013/04/transforming-charisma-pluto-conjuncts.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vega

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saptarishi#Second_Manvantara_.E2.80.94_the_interval_of_Swarochisha_Manu

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Earth will be dark.jpg
Interesting and funny

Earth Will Be In Darkness NASA Hoax


There are reports that  the Earth will be in complete darkness for six days from December 16 to December 22, 2014.

 

This is being attributed to a severe Solar Storm.

 

NASA has confirmed, these reports say.

 

NASA has confirmed that the Earth will experience 6 days of almost complete darkness and will happen from the dates Tuesday the 16 – Monday the 22 in December. The world will remain, during these three days, without sunlight due to a solar storm, which will cause dust and space debris to become plentiful and thus, block 90% sunlight.

This is the head of NASA Charles Bolden who made the announcement and asked everyone to remain calm. This will be the product of a solar storm, the largest in the last 250 years for a period of 216 hours total. Reporters interviewed a few people to hear what they had to say about the situation with Michael Hearns responding “We gonna be purgin my n*gga, six days of darkness means six days of turnin up fam”.

Despite the six days of darkness soon to come, officials say that the earth will not experience any major problems, since six days of darkness is nowhere near enough to cause major damage to anything. “We will solely rely on artificial light for the six days, which is not a problem at all”, says NASA scientist Earl Godoy. Visit our website daily for more shocking news!”

 

This is Hoax.

 

The more audacious the Lie, more people believe it .

 

I recall in 1962( was it 64), there were reports, Government Media included, that the world would end on a particular day because nine planets would lie in a straight line.

 

I recollect that the Kanchi Paramacharya advising people to chant the Thevaram song,

 

‘;வேயுறு தோளிபங்கன் மிக நல்ல வீணை …’

 

and people were frantically doing that.

 

I also recollect I was disciplined by father and cursed by others for saying that this was a gimmick to promote Thevaram  and being irreverent to the Kanchi Acharya .

 

Then we had the latest Mayan Calendar joke.

 

I posted an article that this was another fraud.

 

Hindu scriptures state that we are in the 5007 year of Kali Yuga, and that it has just started.

 

It has a long way to go.

 

The news that the Earth will be in total darkness for six days is a Hoax.

 

“According to a ‘news’ report that is being distributed via social media, the Earth will experience 6 days of total darkness in December due to a solar storm. Supposedly, NASA chief Charles Bolden confirmed the event and has asked people to remain calm.

The report claims that the 6-day blackout will take place between the 16th and the 22nd of December.

 

However, not surprisingly, the report is fiction. NASA has not announced any impending blackout. No such event is set to occur in December or any other month.

The hoax report comes courtesy of the fake-news website Huzlers. Huzlers fancies itself as satirical and includes the following disclaimer at the bottom of its pages:

Huzlers.com is a combination of real shocking news and satirical entertainment to keep its visitors in a state of disbelief.

The site has been responsible for a string of nonsensical fake-news reports that have spread virally, often causing fear and consternation as they travel. Readers should not believe any of the reports published on the site.”

 

At the rate people fall for stories like this, people may believe a report that the Congress party , Sonia Gandhi,Rajiv Gandhi, Kani Mozhi, A. Raja  and Karuanidhi were not involved in corruption at all.

Citation.

http://www.huzlers.com/nasa-confirms-earth-will-experience-6-days-total-darkness-december-2014/

 

http://www.hoax-slayer.com/fake-news-nasa-6-days-darkness.shtml

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