A photograph taken by Thomas Zimmer has become viral and has been doing the round on September 8th, 2012 in his blog had 1.6 Million hits..
Some one called it Heavenly Trail and it is incorrect or the following information is true either.
“There’s this place in Ireland where every two years, the stars line up with this trail on June 10th to June 18th. It’s called Heaven’s Trail.””
I refreshed my memory whether Sanatana Dharma has something to say on this Heavenly Show.
Hinduism refers to Milky way in three ways.
One is that it is the Milk of Ocean where Lord Vishnu Eternally resides.
I have posted an article on this explaining that Vishnu’s Navel Galaxy is hinted here and Surya Siddhanta uses this in Astronomical calculations.
“Hindu Astronomy, which is intricately linked to Indian Philosophy(in Hinduism all these are intricately interwoven) calls the Center of our Universe,Galaxy) as Vishnu Nabhi, the navel of Lord Vishnu.’
The other reference is to Aryaman , a Vedic God.
We use this in Shanti Mantra with many not knowing who Aryaman is.
Sanno mithrah Sama Vaunah,
Sanno Bhavath Aryaman.
Aryaman is referred to in the Rig Veda as follows.
The excellently wise, protect.
2 He prospers ever, free from scathe, whom they, as with full hands, enrich,
Whom they preserve from every foe.
3 The Kings drive far away from him his troubles and his enemies,
And lead him safely o’er distress.
4 Thornless, Ādityas, is the path, easy for him who seeks the Law:
With him is naught to anger you.
5 What sacrifice, Ādityas, ye Heroes guide by the path direct,—
May that come nigh unto your thought.
6 That mortal, ever unsubdued, gains wealth and every precious thing,
And children also of his own.
7 How, my friends, shall we prepare Aryaman’s and Mitra’s laud,
Glorious food of Varuṇa?
8 I point not out to you a man who strikes the pious, or reviles:
Only with hymns I call you nigh.
9 Let him not love to speak ill words: but fear the One who holds all four
Within his hand, until they fall. -Rig Veda Hymn XLI Varuna Mitra Aryaman
Aryaman (अर्यमन्, pronounced as “aryaman”; nominative singular is aryama) is one ofthe early Vedic deities. His name signifies “bosom friend”, “play-fellow” or “companion”.He is the third son of Aditi, the mother of the Adityas. In the RigVeda Aryaman is described as the protector of mares, and the Milky Way (aryamṇáḥ pánthāḥ) is said to be his path. Aryaman is commonly invoked together with Varuna-Mitra, Bhaga, Bṛhaspati, and other Adityas and Asuras. According to Griffith, the Rig Veda also suggests that Aryaman is a supreme deity alongside Mitra and Varuna.
The Hindu marriage oaths are administered with an invocation to Aryaman being the witness to the event.
Aryaman is also known to be the friend of the Pitrus, the departed.
varuno yadasamaham |
yamah samyamatamaham |
Among cobras I am Ananta, Sesha; among aquatic beings, I am Varuna; among manes I am Aryaman and among controllers I am Yama.
* (i) “naganam”: Apte’s dictionary gives the meaning ‘cobra’, which is poisonous. Sridhara says a naga is a non-poisonous snake. Ramanuja and Madhva say just ‘many headed’.
* (ii) “yadasam”= ‘water deities’ according to Sivanada and Chidbavananda. ‘aquatic beings’ according to Srdhara and Apte’s dictionary.
* (iii) Aryaman is the foremost of the pitrus.
*(iv) “samyamatam” = ‘of those who punish’-Ramanuja;
‘of those that govern ‘- Madhva;
‘of regulators’ – Sridhara;
‘of controllers, dispensers of justice’ – Chidbavananda;
of those who maintain law & order – Dr. Radhakrishna.
The third is that it is called the Akash Ganga, Heavely Ganges (River)
Iran was apart of Hindu Empire during the Vedic Period.
This continued to be so till Vikramaditya’s period.
The customs and cultural behaviour of the Zoroastrians indicate the Vedic roots of Zoroastrianism.
A treaty signed by the Hittites and Mitannis dating to the fourteenth century BC calls upon Indara/Indra, Mitras(il)/Mitra, Nasatianna/Nasatya and Uruvanass(il)/Varuna, all known to Rig-Veda and Avesta.
I had posted articles about the Vedic /Tamil origin of these people.
Though there are similarities the roles of the Devas seem to have been reversed.
(haoma (soma), daha(dasa), hepta (sapta), hindu (sindhu), and Ahura (Asura) in Avesta)
Indra and the devas are demonic in Avesta,and Ahura/asura is considered the highest deity.
“At the time of composition of the Vedas, Varuna was losing his importance to Indra. In Avesta, Ahura Mazda is the main divinity and some people think that he is thesame as Varuna. Varuna sat with his spies who flew all around the world and bought back reports on the conduct of mortals. He abhorred sin and loathed evil deeds prompted by anger, drink and gambling.”
Probably a sect left on this issue and had a role in this difference.
Rig Veda is dated around 5000 BC while Avesta is dated around 1000 BC.
The Chief God worshiped in the Vedas is Agni,Fire.
Zoroastrians are Fire worshipers.
Another important connection is Upanayana ceremony which is the primary duty of a Hindu.
Zoroastrians have a similar Ceremony ‘Navjote’
‘The Navjote[pronunciation?] (Persian: سدرهپوشی, Sedreh pushi) ceremony is the ritual through which an individual is inducted into theZoroastrian religion and begins to wear the Sedreh and Kushti. The term navjote is used primarily by the Zoroastrians of India (theParsis), while sedreh pushi is used primarily by the Zoroastrians of Iran. Zoroastrians from Pakistan consisting of both Parsis andIranis use both terms…
Although there is no upper limit to the age of the individual for which the ceremony takes place, in common practice it occurs before a girl or boy reaches maturity. Under no circumstances is it permitted to be done for a child less than seven years of age since the child at that age range cannot comprehend the significance of the event.
In Vendidad 18.54, individuals above the age of 15 (once considered the age at which one attained adulthood) who are not yet been invested are said to be likely to fall into evil ways. In the 9th-12th century texts of Zoroastrian tradition, the same group are said to bekushad davarashni, literally “running about improperly clothed”. So for instance Menog-i Khrad 2.35 and the Book of Arda Viraf(25.6.10). The latter considers such a thing to be a service to demons (the daevas). Other texts of tradition that define adulthood as the boundary include the Sad-dar 10.1 and Shayast na-Shayast 10.13. ,.
The ceremony is traditionally the first time a Zoroastrian wears the sedreh undershirt and kushti belt, which they then continue to wear for the rest of their life. The sacred clothing signifies parental responsibility as well as responsibility for the one who is undergoing this ceremony. When the child wears the sacred clothes, it means the parents are now obligated to morally and religiously educate the child. If the child commits a wrongful act, it is their responsibility, as they may also take some pride in themselves when their child commits a righteous act. The sacred thread and shirt also teach the child responsibility, as they are to be untied before certain practices, such as prayer, bathing, and before meals, and re-tied shortly after the task is completed.
The shirt has a construction extremely specific to this culture.
Upanayana of Hinduism.
Upanayana is an important Samskara, duty of a Hindu.
The three Varnas, Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaisya must have this performed.
Read my posts on Samskaras.
The wearing of the sacred thread opens the inner eye.
Zoroastrianism was founded by the Prophet Zoroaster (or Zarathustra) in ancient Iran. The precise date of the founding of Zoroastrianism is uncertain. An approximate date of 1500–1200 BCE has been established through archaeological evidence and linguistic comparisons with the Hindu text Rig Veda. However there is no way of knowing exactly when Zoroaster lived, as he lived in what, to his people, were prehistoric times.Depending on different approaches, it is thought that he lived some time between 1700 BCEto 500 BCE .Zoroaster was born in either Northeast Iran or Southwest Afghanistan. He was born into a Bronze Age culture with a polytheistic religion, which included animal sacrifice and the ritual use of intoxicants. This religion was quite similar to the early forms of Hinduism in India. The name Zoroaster is a Greek rendering of the nameZarathustra. He is known as Zartosht and Zardosht in Persian and Zaratosht in Gujarati. Zoroaster’s birth and early life are little documented. What is known is recorded in theGathas—the core of the Avesta, which contains hymns thought to be composed by Zoroaster himself. Born into the Spitama clan, he worked as a priest. He had a wife, three sons, and three daughters. Zoroaster rejected the religion of the Bronze Age Iranians, with their many gods and oppressive class structure, in which the Karvis and Karapans(princes and priests) controlled the ordinary people. He also opposed animal sacrifices and the use of the hallucinogenic Haoma plant (possibly a species of ephedra) in rituals, but held the rooster as a “symbol of light”and associated the cock with “good against evil” because of his heraldic actions..
* Cock is associted with Sunbrahmanya.
According to Zoroastrian belief, when Zoroaster was 30 years old, he went into the Daiti river to draw water for a Haoma ceremony; when he emerged, he received a vision ofVohu Manah. After this, Vohu Manah took him to the other six Amesha Spentas, where he received the completion of his vision. This vision radically transformed his view of the world, and he tried to teach this view to others. Zoroaster believed in one creator God, teaching that only one God was worthy of worship. Furthermore, some of the deities of the old religion, the Daevas (Devas in Sanskrit), appeared to delight in war and strife. Zoroaster said that these were evil spirits and were workers of Angra Mainyu, God’s adversary.
Zoroaster’s ideas did not take off quickly, and, at first, he only had one convert: his cousin Maidhyoimanha.The local religious authorities opposed his ideas. They felt their own faiths, power, and particularly their rituals, were threatened because Zoroaster taught against over-ritualising religious ceremonies. Many ordinary people did not like Zoroaster’s downgrading of the Daevas to evil spirits. After 12 years, Zoroaster left his home to find somewhere more open to new ideas. He found such a place in the country of King Vishtaspa (in Bactria). The King and his queen, Hutosa, heard Zoroaster debating with the religious leaders of his land, and decided to accept Zoroaster’s ideas and make them the official religion of their kingdom. Zoroaster died in his late 70s. Very little is known of the time between Zoroaster and the Achaemenian period, except that, during this period, Zoroastrianism spread to Western Iran. By the time of the founding of the Achaemenid Empire, Zoroastrianism was already a well-established religion.
Humata, Hukhta, Huvarshta (Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds) are the basic tenets of the religion.
Faravahar (or Ferohar), one of the primary symbols of Zoroastrianism, believed to be the depiction of aFravashi (guardian spirit)
In Zoroastrianism, Ahura Mazda is the beginning and the end, the creator of everything that can and cannot be seen, the Eternal, the Pure and the only Truth. In the Gathas, the most sacred texts of Zoroastrianism thought to have been composed by Zoroaster himself, the prophet acknowledged devotion to no other divinity besides Ahura Mazda.
Daena (din in modern Persian) is the eternal Law, whose order was revealed to humanity through the Mathra-Spenta (“Holy Words”).Daena has been used to mean religion, faith, law, and even as a translation for the Hindu and Buddhist term Dharma. The latter is often interpreted as “duty” but can also mean social order, right conduct, or virtue. The metaphor of the “path” of Daena is represented in Zoroastrianism by the muslin undershirt Sudra, the “Good/Holy Path”, and the 72-thread Kushti girdle, the “Pathfinder”.
Daena should not be confused with the fundamental principle asha (Vedic rta), the equitable law of the universe, which governed the life of the ancient Indo-Iranians. For these, asha was the course of everything observable—the motion of the planets and astral bodies; the progression of the seasons; and the pattern of daily nomadic herdsman life, governed by regular metronomic events such as sunrise and sunset. All physical creation (geti) was thus determined to run according to a master plan—inherent to Ahura Mazda—and violations of the order (druj) were violations against creation, and thus violations against Ahura Mazda. This concept of asha versus the druj should not be confused with the good-versus-evil battle evident in western religions, for although both forms of opposition express moral conflict, the asha versus druj concept is more systemic and less personal, representing, for instance, chaos (that opposes order); or “uncreation”, evident as natural decay (that opposes creation); or more simply “the lie” (that opposes truth and righteousness). Moreover, in his role as the one uncreated creator of all, Ahura Mazda is not the creator of druj, which is “nothing”, anti-creation, and thus (likewise) uncreated. Thus, in Zoroaster’s revelation, Ahura Mazda was perceived to be the creator of only the good (Yasna 31.4), the “supreme benevolent providence” (Yasna 43.11), that will ultimately triumph (Yasna 48.1).
A Parsi Wedding, 1905
In this schema of asha versus druj, mortal beings (both humans and animals) play a critical role, for they too are created. Here, in their lives, they are active participants in the conflict, and it is their duty to defend order, which would decay without counteraction. Throughout the Gathas, Zoroaster emphasizes deeds and actions, and accordingly asceticism is frowned upon in Zoroastrianism. In later Zoroastrianism, this was explained as fleeing from the experiences of life, which was the very purpose that the urvan (most commonly translated as the “soul”) was sent into the mortal world to collect. The avoidance of any aspect of life, which includes the avoidance of the pleasures of life, is a shirking of the responsibility and duty to oneself, one’s urvan, and one’s family and social obligations.
Central to Zoroastrianism is the emphasis on moral choice, to choose the responsibility and duty for which one is in the mortal world, or to give up this duty and so facilitate the work of druj. Similarly, predestination is rejected in Zoroastrian teaching. Humans bear responsibility for all situations they are in, and in the way they act toward one another. Reward, punishment, happiness, and grief all depend on how individuals live their lives.
While His name Om Namo Bhagavathe Vasudevaya is His most sacred Name.
It is His Dwadasa nama, containing Twelve Letters.
The other important name is Govinda, given by Indra.
This is the name which is very special to Krishna and Govinda is the name used in Apara Kriyas.
Another important name is Damodara.
This is one of the Twelve names used in Achamana.
Damodara means ,
The Lord when He was tied with a cord (daama) around His waist (udara)”, denoting a divine pastime in which Krishna’s mother Yasoda bound Krishna for being mischievous. (Used by various Vaishnava adherents.)
“One who is known through a mind which is purified (Udara) by means of self-control (dama)”.
“One in whose bosom rests the entire universe.’
Old Temples for Damodhara ae very rare(to my Knowledge)
Devotees can the see the Rope marks around the Waist of Lord Krishna.
Vaikasi Brahmmotsavam in February-March,Gokhulastami in August-September, Navarathri in September-October, Masi Magam float festival in February-March and wedding festival in Panguni Uthiram are the festivals of the temple.
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.
The Executive Officer, Sri Soumya Damodara Perumal Temple, Konnur, Villivakkam, Chennai – 600 049.
Lord Perumal is gracing the devotees in a standing form. The Vimana (tower above the sanctum sanctorum) is Ananda Vimanam. The temple greets devotees with a three tier Rajagopuram. There are shrines of Lord Sri Rama, Kannan, Sri Andal, Sri Anjaneya, Nammalwar and Acharya Sri Ramanuja.
The word Damodara is elaborately explained in Vaishnava philosophies. In short, it means that Lord can be controlled by pure love. During the childhood of Krishnavatara, He was terribly mischievous boy and Mother Yasodha could not bring Him to order. She bound Him by a rope, yet he moved with the rope in between two trees, broke them and granted salvation to two demons. The scar of the rope stayed on His waist deeply showing His willingness to be bound by a mother’s love. Damam in Sanskrit and Thambu in Tamil mean rope. Udharam means belly. The rope scar is around the belly, hence Damodara. Soumya means ever smiling and looking handsome. Hence, the name Soumya Damodara.
How To reach.
Airport,Rail?Bus Station- Chennai.
Buses are available to Villivakkam, a Suburb of Chennai.
There is another temple for Damodar.
Sri Sri Radha Damodar Mandir is an ancient temple established by Madhav Gaudiya Sampradaya. It was established by Srila Jiva Goswami in the year 1542 C.E. The deities here were served by Srila Jiva Goswami. Sri Radha Damodar deities were manifested by Srila Rupa Goswami, who gave them to his dear disciple and nephew-Jiva Goswami for service and worship. Later due to the terror of the muslim king Aurengzeb, Sri Radha Damodar were shifted to Jaipur for sometime and when the social conditions became favorable were brought back to Sri Dham Vrindavan in the year 1739 C.E. These deities have been served here since then. In Jaipur however a counterpart (pratibhu) of the deity was installed.
Some devotees are under the impression that the Deities of Radhadamodar in the Radhadamodar Temple in Vrndavan are not the original Deities of Srila Jiva Goswami. Some think that the original Deities now reside in Jaipur. However, this is not a fact.
In 1670, when the Muslim fanatic Aurangazeb invaded Sri Vrndavana, he planned to destroy many temples and deface the Deities there. For this reason the principle Deities of Vraja were moved to the safe confines of the city of Jaipur in Rajasthan under the auspices of the Rajput kings. Most of the Deities remained there, such as Govindadeva, Gopinatha and Madana-mohana.
There seems to have been over 400 Yaagas during the Sanatana Dharma period.
Some of them are listed here.
Readers may contribute.
Rajasuya and Aswamedha are meant for Kings.
Puthrakameshti is a very powerful homa to beget children.
Dasaratha peformed this to beget Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrugna.
Sri Rudram Chandi, Gita Homa are some of the most sacred Homas
NAVAGRAHA YAJNA : yajna performed for all 9 planets
SHIVA MAHA YAJNA : For spiritual progress, integrity and good mental qualities
SHIVA SAHASRA YAJNA : For strong spiritual feeling and material progress
SHIVA PANCHAKSHARA YAJNA : For good public relation and progress
SHIVASTAKA YAJNA : For happiness and overcoming sufferings
BANALINGAM YAJNA : For pure knowledge, good health and for avoiding enmities
ADITYA HRIDAY YAJNA : for avoiding all difficulties, be kind to everyone, and get rid of serious skin diseases
SURYA SAHASRANAM YAJNA : according to cast and gotra – Brahmin will get knowledge – Kshatria will get success and no enmity – Vaishya will get prosperity and good business – Shudra will get spirituality
NRISHINGHA YAJNA : For overcoming danger and accidents
JAGANNATHA YAJNA : For spiritual progress
VISHNU MAHA YAJNA : for progressing in the four path ; Dharma ( spirituality), Artha (economic progress), Kama (enjoyment and fulfillment), Moksha ( enlightenment)
VISHNU SAHASRA NAMA YAJNA : For wealth, prosperity and happiness
PURUSHA YAJNA : for spiritual knowledge, purity and integrity
MADHU SUDANA YAJNA : for avoiding fear and getting more friends
NARAYANA YAJNA : to increase the potentiality of giving love to everyone
DINOBANDHU YAJNA : to get support from nature to avoid all obstacles
SANKATA NASHANA YAJNA : For avoiding serious obstacles
PRAPANNA GITA YAJNA : Get rid of bad karma and for getting respect from everyone
NARA SINGHA YAJNA : for fulfillment of desires
SRI RAMA YAJNA : for getting more progress in all areas of life
GANESH YAJNA : for success
MAHA GANAPATI YAJNA : for great success in business
SANKATA NASHANA GANESH YAJNA : for avoiding serious harm and loss
GANESH SAHASRA NAMA YAJNA : for success over enmity and overcoming serious fear
MAHA KALI YAJNA : for family happiness and prosperity and wealth
MAHA TARA YAJNA : for knowledge, education, good karma and fame
MAHA VIDYA YAJNA : for success in education
MAHA LAKSHMI YAJNA : for wealth
SRI VIDYA YAJNA : for the welfare of the family
TRIPURA SUNDARI YAJNA : for beauty and fame
BHUVANESWARI YAJNA : for permanent prosperity and progress
SRI VAIRABI YAJNA : for good speaking qualities and avoiding obstacles in speech
BAGALAMUKTI YAJNA : for success in court case, avoiding enmity and for good reputation
MATANGI MAHA YAJNA : for great success and prosperity
RUDRA CHANDI YAJNA : for avoiding danger in life
CHANDI MAHA YAJNA : family happiness and good relation between husband and wife
SATA CHANDI MAHA YAJNA : overcoming all difficulties in life
SARASWATI MAHA YAJNA : for deep understanding of vedic knowledge
RUDRA YAJNA : spiritual progress and getting more knowledge
MAHA RUDRA YAJNA : for good health and avoiding serious illness
ANNAPURNA YAJNA : for knowledge and strong sacrificing qualities
GANGA MAHA YAJNA : for purity and avoiding bad karma
RINMOCHAKA MANGLA YAJNA : for getting help from nature to repay debt
AGANI YAJNA : for general progress, good health and general prosperity
VASTUDEVA YAJNA : foundation for good home and house
SASTHI MAHA YAJNA : good for children’s health
NAIKA MAHA YAJNA : for getting good lover and good relation with lover
APARAJITA YAJNA : for success in a project or special matter
BATUK VAIRABA YAJNA : avoiding obstacles from government and increase success
Unknown name : For removal of serious psycho-physiological illness
TILOKANCHAN YAJNA – SHORAS YAJNA – BRISATSARGA YAJNA – DANSAGAR YAJNA: to remove impurities from the time of death and to promote the evolution of the soul( to be performed after that someone has passed away.
Among means of subjugation, I am punishment and among seekers of victory, I am strategy. Also, among the secrets I am silence and among the wise, I am knowledge.
Silence is one of the Attributes of Brahman, The Reality.
The Modifications of the Mind, Chitta Vrutti’ -when it falls still, the Mind Becomes still and this is real Silence.
This is what is required for a practitioner of Yoga and this is the goal of Yoga.
An indication how this is taken seriously can be seen in Ghoshala, a village near Manali.
“Thousands of villagers of Goshal, Burua, Shanag, Kulang, Majhach, Palchan, Kothi, Ruar and Solang are observing this annual custom for many decades. Villagers, on the day of Lohri, seal the doors of temple of Rishi Gautam, Rishi Vyas and Kanchan Nag after keeping a pitcher full of soil close to the idol, chanting mantras. The doors will be opened on the 42nd day when the pitcher would be brought out of the temple and a small fair would be organized in Goshal village. Priests, oracles and local residents will then pour the soil of the pitcher on ground and will make a forecast about the fate of the world for the next one year, based on the special signs in soil.
Villagers believe that noise can disturb the deities during these special 42 days. So, they will not even see television during this period. Agricultural works will be stopped and mobile phones would be put into silent mode. In Goshal village, where Rishi Gautam is believed to have meditated by the banks of river Bipasha (now Beas) for years, people do not even rear roosters, sources said. This followed the episode involving Lord Indra, who had guised himself as a rooster and outraged the modesty of Ahilya, wife of Rishi Gautam.