Hinduism

Tamil Classic Purananuru Quotes Bhagavad Gita Verbatim


Tamil and the Sanatana Dharma are inseparable, despite misinformation to the contrary.

I have written a quite a few articles on the relationship between the two.

Not only were the Tamils a part of Sanatana Dharma, the Tamil Kings gave away lands for the Brahmins  on the condition that they perform Yagnyas as laid down  in The Vedas and the King Perunchotru Udiyan Neduncheralaathan would personally check the smoke from the Homa daily.

Bhagavd Gita Translation 4.8.jpg

Bhagavd Gita Translation 4.8

Tamil Kings also followed the Agamas and were the first to build Temples as per the Agama Shastra and these stand testimony to the reverence with which they held Sanatana Dharma.

Tamil Literature of Yore, including the Sangam Literature reflect the Sanatana Dharma thinking.

Many Sangam poets were Brahmins.

Tholkaapiyar, who wrote the Tamil Grammar, Kapilar,Nakkeerar and Kapilar are some of them.

And we have Agastya who is considered to be the Father of Tamil, next to Lord Shiva.

Tamil literature is awash with Sanatana Dharma views.

The oft quoted ‘Onre Kulam, Oruvane Devan’ by the Nastika Group to belittle Gods of Hinduism, is from Thirumoolar’s Thirumandiram

One family , One God.

This is nothing but,

Vasudeva Kudumbakam,

Ekam Sat, vipra Bahuta vadanti’

Now let me quote a Purananuru verse, belonging to Sangam Era, which states,

கபிலர் (புறம் 106); நல்லவும் தீயவும் அல்ல குவி இணர்ப்

புல் இலை எருக்கம் ஆயினும்,உடையவை

கடவுள் பேணேம் என்னா; ஆங்கு,

மடவர் மெல்லியர் செல்லினும்

கடவன் பாரி கை வண்மையே

அதாவது நல்லதாயினும் தீயதாயினும் அல்லாத, குவிந்த பூங்கொத்தும் புல்லிய இலையும் உடைய எருக்கம் பூவாயினும், ஒருவன் உள்ளன்புடன் சூட்டினால் அதனைத் தெய்வங்கள் விரும்பி ஏற்குமேயன்றி, யாம் அவற்றை விரும்பேம் என்று கூறா…

Gods will accept wholeheartedly

If they are neither Good nor bad, be it a beautiful Flower or Erukam Flower( Sanskrit: Svetarka
Hindi: Gauri akavana, Aka, Mandara
Malayalam: Vella Erukku
English: White Madar’

and will never refuse.

patraḿ puṣpaḿ phalaḿ toyaḿ

yo me bhaktyā prayacchati

tad ahaḿ bhakty-upahṛtam

aśnāmi prayatātmanaḥ Bhagavad Gita 9.26

patram — a leaf; puṣpam — a flower; phalam — a fruit; toyam — water; yaḥ — whoever; me — unto Me; bhaktyā — with devotion; prayacchati — offers; tat — that;aham — I; bhakti-upahṛtam — offered in devotion; aśnāmi — accept; prayata-ātmanaḥ — from one in pure consciousness.

If one offers Me with love and devotion a leaf, a flower, fruit or water, I will accept it.

Now the famous Parithraanaaya Saadhunam in Puranaanuru.

கொடியோர்த் தெறுதலும், செவ்வியோர்க்கு அளித்தலும்

(புறம் 29, முதுகண்ணன் சாத்தனார்),

‘Destroying the Wicked, Protecting/Granting the Good(people)

‘paritrāṇāya sādhūnāḿ
vināśāya ca duṣkṛtām
dharma-saḿsthāpanārthāya
sambhavāmi yuge yuge

To deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion, I Myself appear, millennium after millennium.

Reference.

http://tamilandvedas.com/2012/03/30/%E0%AE%AA%E0%AF%81%E0%AE%B1%E0%AE%A8%E0%AE%BE%E0%AE%A9%E0%AF%82%E0%AE%B1%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%B1%E0%AE%BF%E0%AE%B2%E0%AF%8D-%E0%AE%AA%E0%AE%95%E0%AE%B5%E0%AE%A4%E0%AF%8D-%E0%AE%95%E0%AF%80%E0%AE%A4%E0%AF%88/

http://www.bhagavad-gita.us/bhagavad-gita-4-8/

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Hinduism

Guruvayurappan Temple Built By Pandya King 5000 Years?


Guruvayur is a famous temple of Lord Krishna in Kerala and is called as the Dwaraka of the South.

The temple is referred to as having been a place of worship since 5000 years.

Sri Guruvayurappan,Image.jpg

Sri Guruvayurappan, Guruvayur, Kerala,India

According to the legends, the idol worshipped here is more than 5000 years old. But there are no historical records to establish it. In the 14th century Tamil literature ‘Kokasandesam’, references about a place called Kuruvayur is made. As early as 16th century (50 years after the Narayaneeyam was composed) many references are seen about Kuruvayur. In ancient Dravidic, Kuruvai means sea, hence the village on the coast may be called Kuruvayur.

But according to Prof. K V Krishna Iyer (eminent historian), the Brahmins had begun to come and settle at Kodungalloor during the period of Chandra Gupta Maurya ( 321-297 BC). Trikkunavay in the Guruvayur documents is the same as Thrikkanamathilakam or Mathilakam mentioned in the Dutch and British records. And this place was in between Guruvayur and Kodungalloor. Guruvayur was Trikkunavay’s subordinate shrine since they were destroyed by the Dutch in 1755. That way Guruvayur must have come into existence before 52 AD. The story of Pandyan King building a shrine here may be a reference to the Azhavars , but they are all silent in their writing about Guruvayur.’..

The Temple is constructed B.C 3000(Around 5000 years oldest Temple) According to legends, the deity worshipped here is more than 5000 years old. But there are no historical records to establish it. In the 14th century, “Kokasandesam” (a Tamil literary work), references to a place called Kuruvayur are made. As early as the 16th century (fifty years after Narayaniyam was composed) many references to Kuruvayur are seen. In ancient Dravidian languages, “kuruvai” means “sea”, hence the village on the Malabar Coast may be called Kuruvayur. The earliest temple records date back to the 17th century. The earliest mention of the many important Vishnu temples of Kerala are found in the songs of Alwars,Tamil saints, whose time-line is not exactly fixed. Mamankam was a very famous local event at Tirunavaya, on the bank ofBharatappuzha. The battles between the Calicut under Zamorins and Valluvanad popularised Guruvayur Temple. Due to the prolonged battles, people across the riverbank started preferring Guruvayur. Even the Zamorin of Calicut become a devotee and thus his subjects followed him. The central shrine that see today is said to have been rebuilt in 1638 AD. “Viswabali” was performed later to propitiate all the spirits, good and bad. By the end of the 16th century Guruvayur had become the most popular pilgrimage centre in Kerala.

Considering the evidence I have been able to unearth about Hinduism and its spread throughout the world, its scientific approach and the references made to it by Sanskrit and Tamil literature two of the oldest languages, I am unable to brush aside that Gurauvayur has been a place of worship for 5000 years aside.

It is a fact that the Vedas do not advocate collective, group, community worship and no mention is found in them to the practice of building temples.

However, after the advent of the Agamas, the Temple worship has begun.

The Agamas  are dated behind Lord Krishna and Mahabharata, though there are references to the worship of Mother Goddess in the Mahabharata in small temples.

How these temples could have been built and by whom?

The ancient temple, as far as History goes in found in Saluvar Kuppam ,Pondicherry for Lord Subrahmanya, which is excavated.

Most of the early temples of India have been built by Tamil Kings.

If the Tamil Kings had to build temples they had to be conversant with the happenings in the North of India and should have been influenced by them.

They have been a part of Sanatana Dharma.

The Tamil King Perunchotru Udiyan Neduncherallathan provided food for the armies of the Kauravas and the Pandavas during the epic battle of Mahabharata.

He allotted lands to Brahmins in lieu for them performing the Yagnyas daily.

He also offered Tharpana for those soldiers who died in the war.

Other Tamil Kings followed suit.

There is also evidence that Lord Krishna attended the Tamil Sangam as an Invitee.

He also married a Pandyan Princess , had a daughter through her and allotted Yadavas to serve her as a part of her dowry.

Ravana entered into a peace treaty with a Pandya King.

Rig Veda and Puranas have references to pieces, Elephant Tusks,Gems, and Pearls being imported from Tamil Nadu /Dravida.

Tamil Kings were present during the Swayamwar of Damayanthi, Sita, Draupadi, descriptions of the may be found in the Ramayana ,Mahabharata and the Puranas.

I have some articles on this.

During the Mahabharata Days the interaction between the South and the North were more intense and frequent than what it was during the Ramayana Period.

Lord Krishna attended the Tamil Sangam,Conclave of Poets held at Kavatapuram.

He was a special Invitee.

“Krishna was known to Tamil lands even during his life time. He had been one of the esteemed guests at the 2nd Sangam assemblage that took place in Kavaatam, the then capital of the Pandyans. Kavaatam’s location can be deciphered from Shugreeva’s description of the trail to the South which he described to the vanaras in chapter 4-41-19a. That place was submerged around the time Byt Dwaraka was submerged.”

Krishna married Nappinnai, a Pandyan Princess and had a Daughter Pandyahs, that’s how Megasthanes calls her.

Krishna had his daughter married to a Pandya Prince and settled her near Madurai.

For more Read here.

The chances are that the Temple of Guruvayur having been built by a Tamil King, Krishna having been to the south and it could be a Tamil Pandya King who built the temple as Lord Krishna was the son-in-law of the Pandyas and his daughter was a Pandyan Princess.

Scholars may look into this.

Citation.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guruvayur_Temple

http://www.guruvayurdevaswom.nic.in/htemple1.html

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Hinduism

Why Many Gods In Hinduism


I often encounter questions on Sanatana Dharma, called Hinduism, as to why there are many Gods in it and one is confused by this.

Also  while the other Religions talk of Only One God, why is it that Hinduism talks of many Gods.

I have been receiving a lot of queries on this and I am quoting one.

Vishnu as kaala Purusha.jpg

Lord Vishnu as Kaala Purusha

 

“Usually, we all say God is one but in Hindu Dharma we have Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva for Creation, Preservation and Destroy. Why it is so? Why other religion is praying and naming one God. Can you please explain”

As to other Religions , Christianity, Islam, hey talk of God in an Impersonal way.

Christianity talks of God as The Father and there are no descriptions or attributes except the generalities like All merciful and one who would condone your sins if you repent your sins through His Agent, Jesus Christ.

Hinduism does not believe in Agents nor does it absolve you from the results of your actions, simply because you repent.

One has to face the consequences of his actions, this includes the Avatars of Gods as well.

Godhood is a Principle and Impersonal and Laws do not distinguish between people.

In Islam the same generalities.

God is One who lays down the Rules,he punishes you if you do not follow Islam!.

Hinduism is different.

It knows Religion is an experience and it can not be dictated by Logic alone, even if the Logic is impeccable.

The Truth, according to Hinduism, is One.

It is called Brahman, The Reality.( This is different from Brahma , the Creator).

This Brahman is without Attributes, it is a Principle , just as Gravity is.

But it is difficult to know it through the Mind.

Just as we can not know Gravity, we think we know Gravity, but what we really know is because of the feeling of Gravity.

The scientific explanation is only an expression born out  of the feelings of Gravity.

Imagine that we do not feel Gravity.

Would we have tried to form theory on Gravity?

So even if the Reality is an abstract principle,it has to be made understandable to be of use to us.

Hence even though the Reality Brahman is the Truth,Hinduism devised ways to reach/realize it.

The Truth, The Brahman, the Reality is Knowable, to Be Known.

That is the Truth.

This knowledge about Brahman is called ‘Apara Vidya'( beyond this world of names and forms)

The knowledge about Brahman and its attributes are called Apara Vidya.

The general descriptions of Brahman  are Sat, the State of Being, Chit(Consciousness) and Ananda(Bliss)

Apart from this, the Upanishads,a part of The Vedas, the scriptures of Hindus, try to explain the qualities of Brahman by excluding the attributes normally known to us stating that the Brahman is Beyond all this and also this.

For example the Upanishads,describe Brahman as,

‘Neither Tall nor Short, nor of medium height,

Neither Male, Female,nor transgender ,

Neither the Knower nor the Known,

Yet It is All of These’

You would find this is difficult to comprehend even at the intellectual level.

Knowledge if it can not be understood or used is useless.

Therefore Hinduism devised a way.

If we have to Know, it must be easy for us to follow.

The instrument to know is the Mind.

The instrument to feel is the Heart.

For those who want to know a glimpse , Hinduism provides  Gnana Yoga and Raja Yoga.

Raja Yoga is the path of Yoga being practiced by many.

Here one prepares the mind to understand Reality.

Gnana Yoga prepares one to discern the Reality by developing Vairaagya, the discerning capacity to distinguish between practical knowledge,Para Vidya and the Apara Vidya.

There are two more methods.

Bhakti yoga, the path of Loving God.

The other one is karma Yoga, the Path of Action.

For loving God one needs an object to concentrate for the Mind to enable the Heart to feel it.

So Gods have been named In Hinduism.

It is difficult for the Humans to empathize with qualities which are known to them.

The emotional connect is strong in the case relationships.

Father, Mother, Children, Wife, Children and relatives.

And if one attributes Reality/God with the qualities of Humans , it is easy for the Humans to understand.

So the Gods of Hinduism are attributed with Human qualities.

Then why many Gods?

Some love mother, some Father, some Lover, some friends, some a master

God in Hinduism is portrayed with all these qualities.

This makes it easy for Humans to relate to God than being asked to relate to an Impersonal God.

Once people start this step, over a period time, they will be able to feel the Impersonal God and the concept of god with Attributes withers away.

This first step is like LKG, while understanding, feeling Reality is like Phd..

After reaching Phd, the LKG would seem to be of no use.

But without that one could not have reached Phd.

At another level, there are principles that represent the Physical world.

Thus we have Brahma who represents the Potential energy, Vishnu, the Kinetic energy, and Shiva, the Potentio-Kinetic Energy.

Similarly all the Gods present the Principles of Nature as well.

Yet the fact that the Gods Rama ,Krishna, Shiva , Subrahmanya existed, as proved by Historical and astronomical Data, there is an unexplored area.

In short, Hinduism talks of not only Monotheism but Monism as The Truth but devised a way to understand them by Gods with attributes..

Kindly read my post Gods Hinduism, with name and form, Yes and No.

Another point is that even thought Gods with Names and Forms are only a tool to understand Brahman, these Gods, when prayed deliver results, as Lord Krishna explains in the Bhagavad Gita.

‘What ever Form you worship, I deliver you the results in the form you worship”

( This is not a literal translation)

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Hinduism

Chakra Vyuha Formation Its Remains Piplu Fort


Chakra Vyuha, also known as Padma Vyuha was a special Battle formation used in the Mahabharata War.

Lord Krishna,Arjuna,Jayathratha, Pradhyumna( Krishna’s Son) knew how to crack the Vyuha.

Chakra Vyuha Piplu Fort.Image,jpg

Chakra Vyuha, Piplu Fort. People say that water would enter from one side, travel through mazes and come out of the other side.

Abhimanyu knew how to enter but did not know how to come out as Lord Krishna, his Uncle, who was teaching Abhimanyu while he was in his mother’s womb, left on an errand afer teaching how to enter the Chakra Vyuha.

Read my post on Battle formations in Mahabharata.

Scroll down for Video

Chakra Vyuha Formation was used thrice in the Kurukshetra war.

Chakravyuha was  formed just before the Kurukshetra war by Bhishma to counter Arjun, who was defending the Kaurava invasion on the kingdom of Virat (insisted by Duryodhan and aimed at uncovering the anonymity of Pandavas, during their 1 year anonymous exile, following the previous 12 years exile.

The second time Chakravyuha was formed to capture Yudhishthir during the 13th day of the war.

Abhimanyu died at this instance.

The third time, Chakravyuha was made was in the 14th day of the war, to protect Jayadratha from getting killed by Arjun (which according to Arjun’s vow will result into Arjun’s self-immolation, and will further result into an easy victory for Kauravas). Chakravyuha (Wheel or Disc formation), Sarpavyuha (Snake formation) and Soochivyuha (Needle formation) were made to protect Jayadratha. Consequently Arjun broke all the formations with his incredible skills and bravado (and some help from Lord Krishna as well), and by the end of the day killed Jayadratha, thereby completing his vow.

Map showing Piplu Fort.Image.

Map showing Piplu Fort.

How Chakra Vyuha Was formed.

The rotating Chakravyuha consisted of warriors of various calibres. The Other Pandavas or anyone in general could not breach it because of 2 primary reasons. Firstly, they usually attacked the stronger warriors in the ring and consequently were repelled. Secondly as soon as they started to get an upper hand on one particular warrior, the ring rotated and another Kaurava warrior confronted them.

Abhimanyu overcame this strategy by attacking the warriors to the left and right of him, instead of the ones directly in front. As the layers of the ring rotated, the gap he had created to his left or right came in front of him and he penetrated the Chakravyuha accordingly. He repeated the same for all the further layers of the rings.

Another version of the story says that Arjun mentioned a “right time to enter” the Chakravyuha, also the “right words to enter” as well. This seems to indicate that apparently there was some sort of key to solve the jigsaw puzzle, using which one can break the Chakravyuha. This may indicate the weak points of the Chakravyuha to attack probably. This further approves the fact that probably the rotating wheel formation must be having its inner labyrinthine maze and its corresponding layers rotating too, also possibly in different directions and in varying speed too. That complex nature of coordination would require a precise time to attack, during which the formation could be its most vulnerable with a possible alignment of an attack path through the various layers. The right time, and right word can thus signify the time to find such possible course of alignment within the Chakravyuha, and the exact usage of weapons (assuming various war cries were associated with various weapons) during the attack.

There is a labyrinthine in Rajasthan resembling the Chara Vyuha formation.

The Pandavas are reported to have formed this during their exile,Ajnatha Vasa, reamaing in cognito.

This is underground.

This was probably done to escape the notice of the Spies of Duyodhana.

‘Popularly known as the Piplu Fort, it is located 30-35 kilometers away from Hamirpur district headquarters. The motivation behind visitng this fort was not the fort but it was to see the replica of labyrinth [चक्रव्यूह] that was created by Kauravas in the Mahabharat. It is believed that when Paandav’s reached that region during their exile period, they cleared the whole region within one day and made it a plane area.’

How To Reach.

In order to reach Tonk district in Rajasthan, one can take a flight to Jaipur Airport. There is a good network of roads connecting the district with Delhi, Bundi, Ajmer, Kota, Jaipur and Sawai Madhopur. There are ample number of buses operated by the RSRTC. The nearest railway station is the one at Banasthali-Newai(35 km) and the Jaipur Station(96 km). Express trains run along this route on a regular basis thereby making it convenient for the tourists to reach this place.

Citation/reference.

http://aroundtheworldin80nights.blogspot.ae/2012/07/chakravyuha-deadliest-of-formations-and.html

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Hinduism

Mother Sings Baby Claps In Womb Recall Mahabharata


The Mahabharata Has an interesting anecdote.

Lord Krishna, while His sister, Subhadra was advanced state of pregnancy,sat by her side and explained the intricate Battle formation called Padma Vyuha.

On being asked he replied that He was teaching his nephew,Abhimanyu in the womb.

Abhimanyu Entering the Padma Vyuha.image.jpg

Abhimanyu Entering the Padma Vyuha. “Halebid2″. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Halebid2.JPG#/media/File:Halebid2.JPG

The child responded by saying ‘Hmmmmm)

Scroll down for Video.

He completed the part about entering the Formation and was about to continue with the process of emerging from it, he had to leave the place.

Later in the Kurukshetra Battle, Abhimanyu entered the Padma Vyuha set by Drona, was unable to come out and was killed by Jayathratha, while Ajuna wnad the pther Pandavas were lured away in the battle filed elsewhere.

Consider this with the advanced genetics and gynaecology known to ancient Indians.

For those who doubt hat a Fetus would not respond, we now have Ultra Scan better see while scanning takes place.

Now we have a real Life Video showing a Baby clapping its hands while its Mother sings a nursery Rhyme.

In Hinduism it is stressed that those around pregnant women and they also must refrain from unhealthy words and behaviour as this would affect the child.

It is recommended that one should recite the Sunadara Kanda of Ramayana, that part that describes Hanuman’s efforts to find Sita, to ensure that the child is born healthy and wise

(Knowing Krishna’s ways, I suspect it was a deliberate ploy for None can ask Krishna do other than what he intends, as Balarama observes on one occasion).

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