Chakra Vyuha Formation Its Remains Piplu Fort


Chakra Vyuha, also known as Padma Vyuha was a special Battle formation used in the Mahabharata War.

Lord Krishna,Arjuna,Jayathratha, Pradhyumna( Krishna’s Son) knew how to crack the Vyuha.

Chakra Vyuha Piplu Fort.Image,jpg
Chakra Vyuha, Piplu Fort. People say that water would enter from one side, travel through mazes and come out of the other side.

Abhimanyu knew how to enter but did not know how to come out as Lord Krishna, his Uncle, who was teaching Abhimanyu while he was in his mother’s womb, left on an errand afer teaching how to enter the Chakra Vyuha.

Read my post on Battle formations in Mahabharata.

Scroll down for Video

Chakra Vyuha Formation was used thrice in the Kurukshetra war.

Chakravyuha was  formed just before the Kurukshetra war by Bhishma to counter Arjun, who was defending the Kaurava invasion on the kingdom of Virat (insisted by Duryodhan and aimed at uncovering the anonymity of Pandavas, during their 1 year anonymous exile, following the previous 12 years exile.

The second time Chakravyuha was formed to capture Yudhishthir during the 13th day of the war.

Abhimanyu died at this instance.

The third time, Chakravyuha was made was in the 14th day of the war, to protect Jayadratha from getting killed by Arjun (which according to Arjun’s vow will result into Arjun’s self-immolation, and will further result into an easy victory for Kauravas). Chakravyuha (Wheel or Disc formation), Sarpavyuha (Snake formation) and Soochivyuha (Needle formation) were made to protect Jayadratha. Consequently Arjun broke all the formations with his incredible skills and bravado (and some help from Lord Krishna as well), and by the end of the day killed Jayadratha, thereby completing his vow.

Map showing Piplu Fort.Image.
Map showing Piplu Fort.

How Chakra Vyuha Was formed.

The rotating Chakravyuha consisted of warriors of various calibres. The Other Pandavas or anyone in general could not breach it because of 2 primary reasons. Firstly, they usually attacked the stronger warriors in the ring and consequently were repelled. Secondly as soon as they started to get an upper hand on one particular warrior, the ring rotated and another Kaurava warrior confronted them.

Abhimanyu overcame this strategy by attacking the warriors to the left and right of him, instead of the ones directly in front. As the layers of the ring rotated, the gap he had created to his left or right came in front of him and he penetrated the Chakravyuha accordingly. He repeated the same for all the further layers of the rings.

Another version of the story says that Arjun mentioned a “right time to enter” the Chakravyuha, also the “right words to enter” as well. This seems to indicate that apparently there was some sort of key to solve the jigsaw puzzle, using which one can break the Chakravyuha. This may indicate the weak points of the Chakravyuha to attack probably. This further approves the fact that probably the rotating wheel formation must be having its inner labyrinthine maze and its corresponding layers rotating too, also possibly in different directions and in varying speed too. That complex nature of coordination would require a precise time to attack, during which the formation could be its most vulnerable with a possible alignment of an attack path through the various layers. The right time, and right word can thus signify the time to find such possible course of alignment within the Chakravyuha, and the exact usage of weapons (assuming various war cries were associated with various weapons) during the attack.

There is a labyrinthine in Rajasthan resembling the Chara Vyuha formation.

The Pandavas are reported to have formed this during their exile,Ajnatha Vasa, reamaing in cognito.

This is underground.

This was probably done to escape the notice of the Spies of Duyodhana.

‘Popularly known as the Piplu Fort, it is located 30-35 kilometers away from Hamirpur district headquarters. The motivation behind visitng this fort was not the fort but it was to see the replica of labyrinth [चक्रव्यूह] that was created by Kauravas in the Mahabharat. It is believed that when Paandav’s reached that region during their exile period, they cleared the whole region within one day and made it a plane area.’

How To Reach.

In order to reach Tonk district in Rajasthan, one can take a flight to Jaipur Airport. There is a good network of roads connecting the district with Delhi, Bundi, Ajmer, Kota, Jaipur and Sawai Madhopur. There are ample number of buses operated by the RSRTC. The nearest railway station is the one at Banasthali-Newai(35 km) and the Jaipur Station(96 km). Express trains run along this route on a regular basis thereby making it convenient for the tourists to reach this place.

Citation/reference.

http://aroundtheworldin80nights.blogspot.ae/2012/07/chakravyuha-deadliest-of-formations-and.html

Mother Sings Baby Claps In Womb Recall Mahabharata


The Mahabharata Has an interesting anecdote.

Lord Krishna, while His sister, Subhadra was advanced state of pregnancy,sat by her side and explained the intricate Battle formation called Padma Vyuha.

On being asked he replied that He was teaching his nephew,Abhimanyu in the womb.

Abhimanyu Entering the Padma Vyuha.image.jpg
Abhimanyu Entering the Padma Vyuha. “Halebid2″. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Halebid2.JPG#/media/File:Halebid2.JPG

The child responded by saying ‘Hmmmmm)

Scroll down for Video.

He completed the part about entering the Formation and was about to continue with the process of emerging from it, he had to leave the place.

Later in the Kurukshetra Battle, Abhimanyu entered the Padma Vyuha set by Drona, was unable to come out and was killed by Jayathratha, while Ajuna wnad the pther Pandavas were lured away in the battle filed elsewhere.

Consider this with the advanced genetics and gynaecology known to ancient Indians.

For those who doubt hat a Fetus would not respond, we now have Ultra Scan better see while scanning takes place.

Now we have a real Life Video showing a Baby clapping its hands while its Mother sings a nursery Rhyme.

In Hinduism it is stressed that those around pregnant women and they also must refrain from unhealthy words and behaviour as this would affect the child.

It is recommended that one should recite the Sunadara Kanda of Ramayana, that part that describes Hanuman’s efforts to find Sita, to ensure that the child is born healthy and wise

(Knowing Krishna’s ways, I suspect it was a deliberate ploy for None can ask Krishna do other than what he intends, as Balarama observes on one occasion).

Atheistic Hinduism Carvaka, Founder Brahaspati, Deva Guru


Indian Philosophy, Hinduism does not shun those who deny the existence of God.

It is taken as a point of view of Life.

Though philosophical arguments were engaged in rebutting the Carvakas, there not harassed nor branded as Atheists and ostracized.

Carvakas, Lokayatas Indian Philosophical System.image.jpg
Carvakas, Lokayatas Indian Philosophical System.

They were present during the Rig Vedic period, some 5000 years back and their later work is dated to be around 600 BC.

The CarvakaSyatem, the Indian Atheistic Hedonist Syatem is also also called  Lokayata.,(worldly wise)

The flip side of this is that the Charvaka’s first Text,the primary source, which is lost to us , is credited to Bruhaspati, the Guru,Preceptor of the Devas!

This shows that though one is a Realized soul, Bruhaspati is One, one is not averse to exploring the other views as well and even propagated one so that to who ever these thoughts appealed they might follow.

Kapila, who is an Avatar of Lord Vishnu is the founder of Samkhya Philosophy,which denies God!

Samkhya is considered s one of the most respected philosophical systems of India.

Hinduism does not differentiate between one who believes in God and one who does not.

Astika system is one that believes in the Authority of the Vedas and others who do not accept the Vedas, Sabda, as the authority are called Nastikas.

Carvakas, Jainism, Buddhism and Ajivika are Nastika systems.

What does Carvakas say?

Carvakas do not believe in God, Vedas.

They do  not believe in Rebirth and Karma or ceremonies.

They take Perception only as the means of knowledge and deny even inference as an Instrument of Knowledge.

Inference, the process by which, we come to know of things by things that are present before us.

The presence of electricity is inferred by the results it produces,like Light, Sound .

Carvakas, do not admit this knowledge , saying that the conditions for this inference may not always be correct.

They imply that One result may be caused by more than one Cause.

This is rebutted by Advaita and it proves that Inference is an essential tool, by describing Parinamavada and Vivartahvada, that is Cause is contained in the Effect and Effect in the Cause.

I shall write on this in detail.

For the Carvakas, Pleasure is the only Goal.

On Death, Birth, origin of the Universe , they brush every thing aside by saying it is Nature.

They do not go into the point of what Nature is.

This enquiry is done by the Astika systems like Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaiseshika,Mimamsa and Vedanta, apart from Vedas, which deals with this subject in detail.

Cārvāka means “agreeable speech” or “sweet talkers” (चारु, cāru – agreeable, pleasant or sweet and वाक, vāk – speech). Its traditional name, Lokāyata (Sanskrit: लोकायत) signifies “directed towards, aiming at the world” (लोक, loka which means “worlds, abode, place of truth, people”, and आयत, āyata means “extended, directed towards, aiming at”

Some observations by Carvaka.

‘The Carvaka epistemology holds perception as the primary and proper source of knowledge, while inference is held as prone to being either right or wrong and therefore conditional or invalid Perception are of two types, for Carvaka, external and internal. External perception is described as that arising from the interaction of five senses and worldly objects, while internal perception is described by this school as that of inner sense, the mind. Inference is described as deriving a new conclusion and truth from one or more observations and previous truths. To Carvakas, inference is useful but prone to error, as inferred truths can never be without doubt. Inference is good and helpful, it is the validity of inference that is suspect – sometimes in certain cases and often in others. To the Cārvākas there were no reliable means by which the efficacy of inference as a means of knowledge could be established…

Cārvākas denied metaphysical concepts like reincarnation, extracorporeal soul, efficacy of religious rites, other worlds (heaven and hell), fate and accumulation ofmerit or demerit through the performance of certain actions.Cārvākas also rejected the use of supernatural causes to describe natural phenomena. To them all natural phenomena was produced spontaneously from the inherent nature of things.

The fire is hot, the water cold, refreshing cool the breeze of morn;
By whom came this variety ? from their own nature was it born.

Consciousness and afterlife.

There is no other world other than this;
There is no heaven and no hell;
The realm of Shiva and like regions,
are invented by stupid imposters.

—Sarvasiddhanta Samgraha,  Verse 8 [

The Sarvasiddhanta Samgraha states the Carvaka position on pleasure and hedonism as follows,

The enjoyment of heaven lies in eating delicious food, keeping company of young women, using fine clothes, perfumes, garlands, sandal paste… while moksha is death which is cessation of life-breathe… the wise therefore ought not to take pains on account ofmoksha.

A fool wears himself out by penances and fasts. Chastity and other such ordinances are laid down by clever weaklings.

—Sarvasiddhanta Samgraha,  Verses 9-12
No independent works on Cārvāka philosophy can be found except for a few sūtras composed by Brihaspati. The 8th century Tattvopaplavasimha of Jayarāśi Bhaṭṭa withMadhyamaka influence is a significant source of Carvaka philosophy. Shatdarshan Samuchay and Sarvadarśanasaṅ̇graha of Vidyaranya are a few other works which elucidate Cārvāka thought.
Lord Rama had a detailed discussion with Jabali, a Carvaka, Please read my post on this.
Reference and Citation.

Tweleve Forms Of Surya,Sun God Hinduism


Surya, the Sun God  is one of the most revered in Hinduism.

Lord Surya.Image.
Lord Surya.

So much so that Adi Shankaracharya classified the worship of Surya as Sauram along with Ganapathyam,Kaumaram,Shaivam,Saaktham and Vaishnavam.

The foremost duty of a Hindu is the performance of Sanshyavandana.

The God addressed to and the Argya, the offering of water is to Surya.

He is described as the Visible Reality,Brahman.

‘Namas Savitre, Jadadeka Chakshushe,

Jagat Prasoothi Sthithi Naasa Hetave,

Thrayee Mayaya Thrigunathma Dharine,

Virinchi Narayana Sankarathmane’

Lord Krishna says He is Vishnu among the Adhityas.

‘Adhityanaa Aham Vishnu’

Surya is the axis on which the Universe rests and moves.

Surya’s Sisumara Chakra explains the Universe and the movement of Sun and Galaxies

Surya Siddhanta explains this.

Surya assumes different names  for different months.

They are,

The 12 Adityas

Ruling Month

Solar Month

Lunar Month
1

Dhata

March – April

Madhu

Chaitra

2

Aryama

April – May

Madhava

Vaishakha

3

Mitra

May – June

Shukra

Jyeshtha

4

Varuna

June – July

Suchi

Ashadha

5

Indra

July – August

Nabhas

Shravana

6

Vivasvan

Aug – Sept

Nabhasya

Bhadrapada

7

Tvashtha

Sept – Oct

Isha

Ashvina

8

Vishnu

Oct – Nov

Urja

Karttika

9

Amshuman

Nov – Dec

Sahas

Margasirsha

10

Bhaga

Dec – Jan

Sahasya

Pushya

11

Pusha

Jan – Feb

Tapas

Magha

12

Parjanja

Feb – March

Tapasya

Phalguna

47-48. While the sages glorify the sun-god with the hymns of the Sama-, Rig- and Yajur Vedas, which reveal his identity, the Gandharvas also sing his praises and the Apsaras dance before his chariot. The Nagas arrange the chariot ropes and the Yaksas harness the horses to the chariot, while the powerful Raksasas push from behind.

49. Facing the chariot, the sixty thousand brahmana sages known as Valakhilyas travel in front and offer prayers to the almighty sun-god with Vedic mantras.

46. Thus, throughout the twelve months, the lord of the sun travels in all directions with his six types of associates, disseminating among the inhabitants of this universe purity of consciousness for both this life and the next.

45. All these personalities are the opulent expansions of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vishnu, in the form of the sun-god. These deities take away all the sinful reactions of those who remember them each day at dawn and sunset. -Bhagavatha Purana.

The Twelve Suns.

. In different Puranas their names are given differently.

Brahma once recounted to the sages the one hundred and eight sacred names of Surya. The Brahma Purana lists these names.

Here are the nine groups of twelve names each.

(1) Surya, Archana, Bhagavana, Tvashta, Pusha, Arka, Savita, Ravi, Gabhastimana, Aja, Kala, Mrityu.
(2) Dhata, Prabhakara, Prithivi, Jala, Teja, Akasha, Vayu, Parayana, Soma, Brihaspati, Shukra, Budha.
(3) Angaraka, Indra, Vivasvana, Diptamshu, Shuchi, Shouri,Shanaishvara, Brahma, Vishu, Rudra, Skanda, Vaishravana.
(4) Yama, Vaidyuta, Jathara, Agni, Aindhana, Tejohapti, Dharmadhvaja, Vedakarta, Vedanga, Vedavahana, Krita, Treta.
(5) Dvapara, Kali, Sarvasurashraya, Kala, Kashtha, Muhurta, Kshapa, Yama, Kshana, Samvatsara, Ashvattha, Kalachakra.
(6) Vibhavasu, Shashvata, Purusha, Yogi, Vyaktavyakta, Sanatana, Kaladhyaksha, Prajadhyaksha, Vishvakarma, Tamonuda, Varuna, Sagara.
(7) Amsha, Jimuta, Jivana, Ariha, Bhutashraya, Bhutapati, Sarvalokanamaskrita, Shrashta, Samvartaka, Vahni, Sarvadi, Alolupa.
(8) Anata, Kapila, Bhanu, Kamada, Sarvotamukha, Jaya, Vishala, Varada, Sarvabhutasevita, Mana, Suparna, Bhutadi.
(9) Shighraga, Pranadharana, Dhanvantari, Dhumaketu, Adideva, Aditinandana, Dvadashatma, Ravi, Daksha, Pita, Mata, Pitamaha.

“All these personalities are the opulent expansions of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Visnu, in the form of the sun-god. These deities take away all the sinful reactions of those who remember them each day at dawn and sunset.” (Srimad Bhagavatam 12.11.45)

Citation.

http://www.harekrsna.de/surya/12adityas.htm

Heavenly Trail Chief Pitru Aryaman Milky Way


 

Heavenly Trail,Image.jpg
Heavenly Trail,Photo by Thomas Zimmer1 NE’ER is he injured whom the Gods Varuṇa, Mitra, Aryaman,

A photograph taken by Thomas Zimmer has become viral and has been doing the round on September 8th, 2012 in his blog had 1.6 Million hits..

Some one called it Heavenly Trail and it is incorrect or the following information is true either.

“There’s this place in Ireland where every two years, the stars line up with this trail on June 10th to June 18th. It’s called Heaven’s Trail.””

I refreshed my  memory whether Sanatana Dharma has something to say on this Heavenly Show.

Hinduism refers to Milky way in three ways.

One is that it is the Milk of Ocean where Lord Vishnu Eternally resides.

I have posted an article on this explaining that Vishnu’s Navel Galaxy is hinted here and Surya Siddhanta uses this in Astronomical calculations.

“Hindu Astronomy, which is intricately linked to Indian Philosophy(in Hinduism all these are intricately interwoven) calls the Center of our Universe,Galaxy)  as Vishnu Nabhi, the navel of Lord Vishnu.’

Vishnu's Navel.Image.gif
The Galactic center. In our home galaxy, the Galactic Center corresponds to an area of space between the constellations of Scorpio and Sagittarius, its critical points are in the Gandanta degrees of these signs. Image from:http://starworlds.blogspot.in/2010/11/astroweather-transformative-alignments.html

The other reference is  to Aryaman , a Vedic God.

We use this in Shanti Mantra with many not knowing who Aryaman is.

Sanno mithrah Sama Vaunah,

Sanno Bhavath Aryaman.

Aryaman is referred to in the Rig Veda as follows.

 

The excellently wise, protect.
2 He prospers ever, free from scathe, whom they, as with full hands, enrich,
Whom they preserve from every foe.
3 The Kings drive far away from him his troubles and his enemies,
And lead him safely o’er distress.
4 Thornless, Ādityas, is the path, easy for him who seeks the Law:
With him is naught to anger you.
5 What sacrifice, Ādityas, ye Heroes guide by the path direct,—
May that come nigh unto your thought.
6 That mortal, ever unsubdued, gains wealth and every precious thing,
And children also of his own.
7 How, my friends, shall we prepare Aryaman’s and Mitra’s laud,
Glorious food of Varuṇa?
8 I point not out to you a man who strikes the pious, or reviles:
Only with hymns I call you nigh.
9 Let him not love to speak ill words: but fear the One who holds all four
Within his hand, until they fall. -Rig Veda Hymn XLI Varuna Mitra Aryaman

Aryaman (अर्यमन्‌, pronounced as “aryaman”; nominative singular is aryama) is one ofthe early Vedic deities. His name signifies “bosom friend”, “play-fellow” or “companion”.He is the third son of Aditi, the mother of the Adityas. In the RigVeda Aryaman is described as the protector of mares, and the Milky Way (aryamṇáḥ pánthāḥ) is said to be his path. Aryaman is commonly invoked together with Varuna-Mitra, Bhaga, Bṛhaspati, and other Adityas and Asuras. According to Griffith, the Rig Veda also suggests that Aryaman is a supreme deity alongside Mitra and Varuna.

The Hindu marriage oaths are administered with an invocation to Aryaman being the witness to the event.

Aryaman is also known to be the friend of the Pitrus, the departed.

anantascasmi naganam

varuno yadasamaham |

pitrunamaryama casmi

yamah samyamatamaham |

-Bhagavad Gita

Among cobras I am Ananta, Sesha; among aquatic beings, I am Varuna; among manes I am Aryaman and among controllers I am Yama.

 

* (i) “naganam”: Apte’s dictionary gives the meaning ‘cobra’, which is poisonous. Sridhara says a naga is a non-poisonous snake. Ramanuja and Madhva say just ‘many headed’.

 

* (ii) “yadasam”= ‘water deities’ according to Sivanada and Chidbavananda. ‘aquatic beings’ according to Srdhara and Apte’s dictionary.

 

* (iii) Aryaman is the foremost of the pitrus.

 

*(iv) “samyamatam” = ‘of those who punish’-Ramanuja;

            ‘of those that govern ‘- Madhva;

            ‘of regulators’ – Sridhara;

            ‘of controllers, dispensers of justice’ – Chidbavananda;

            of those who maintain law & order – Dr. Radhakrishna.

The third is that it is called the Akash Ganga, Heavely Ganges (River)

Citation.

https://500px.com/thomasz/stories/53311/the-making-of-my-god-it-s-full-of-stars

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/12/28/vishnus-navel-galaxy-center-verified-collapse-of-civilizations/