Hinduism

Rama Birth Place Temple Built Before 100 BC


The Skanda Purana and the Brahmanda Purana list Ayodhya as one of the Holy Spots of Hinduism.

‘In the Atharvaveda, Ayodhya was said to be “a city built by gods and being as prosperous as paradise itself”. In Garuda Purana, Ayodhya is said to be one of seven holiest places for Hindus in India, with Varanasi being the most sacrosanct..

ayodhya

Rama’s Temple, Ayodhya. Image credit.

http://indianreligioustemple.blogspot.in/2012/12/lord-ramas-birth-place-ayodhya-shri-ram.html

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Ayodhya is a ‘Mokshdayani Puris,’ or ‘land of spiritual bliss and liberation from karma bandhan,’ along with Varanasi, and Dwarka. Hindu scripture such as the Ramcharitmanas,Vishnu Purana and Shrimad Bhagvat Mahapuran recommend pilgrimage to the city.

Several Tamil Alvars mention the city. It is the birthplace of Jadabharata, the first Chakravartin, Bahubali, Brahmi, Sundari, Padaliptasurisvarji, Harishchandra and Achalbharata.

“Insofar as history is concerned, Ayodhya was ruined and established in its existence period. It is mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana 7/111/10 that during His lifetime Lord Sri Rama had depopulated Ayodhya and had proceeded to

heaven along with His entire subjects. He had arranged for His sons to rule from outside Ayodhya.

 

“The elder son Luv was asked to rule with Shrawasti (Sahet-Mahet ) as capital

and till the period of Buddha, this place continued to be the capital of Kaushal estate. Subsequently, in the Maurya period as well this Kaushal estate (province of Magadh empire) was the capital.

 

The city of Kushawati, which is in  the Vindhya region, was established for the rule of the  other son Kush and thereafter till date it is famous as  Mahakaushal.

 

 

“It has also been mentioned in the Ramayana that after Lord Sri Rama, Ayodhya would again be  inhabited during the times of Rishabh.

He was the first Tirthkar of Jains and is also known as Adinath.”.

The city of Lahore was founded by Rama’s son Lava.

While no credible evidence is available on who built the First Rama Mandir in Ayodhya, evidence indicate that King Menander destroyed Ayodhya around 130 BC.

Menander would not have destroyed  Ayodhya but for the presence of the Iconic presence of Rama’s Temple at his birth place in Ayodhya.

 

‘The Chinese Travellers Fa-Hien and Yuan-Chawang have seen several rock edicts as well. The Dharmrajika Stupa at Sarnath was also built by Ashok. The downfall of the Magadhan empire began with the death of Ashok in 232 B.C. His grandsons, Dashrath and Samprathi divided the whole Empire among themselves. The entire area south of Narmada became independent and in 210 B.C. Punjab Passed into other hands. The last ruler of this Dynasty was Brihdrath who was assassinated by his commander-in-chief Pushyamitra Shung in 185 B.C. Pushyamitra kept Magadhan empire intact. Patanjali’s commentary refers to the seize of Saket (Ayodhya) by the Greeks. Menander and his brother mounted a heavy attack in about 182 B.C.”

( source.http://uponline.up.nic.in/uphistory.aspx

Menander waged war against Ayodhya between 144 qand 120 BC.

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=lvObCwAAQBAJ&lpg=PT371&ots=ttHUjqFwI6&dq=menander%20ayodhya&pg=PT371&output=embed

 

For  recently converted Buddhist, what better way to show his loyalty to his faith?

Menander I Soter (Ancient Greek: Μένανδρος Α΄ ὁ Σωτήρ, Ménandros A’ ho Sōtḗr, “Menander I the Saviour”; known in Indian Palisources as Milinda) was an Indo-Greek King of the Indo-Greek Kingdom (165//155[3] –130 BC) who established a large empire in North India and became a patron of Buddhism.

Menander was initially a king of Bactria. After conquering the Punjab he established an empire in the Indian subcontinent stretching from the Kabul River valley in the west to the Ravi River in the east, and from the Swat River valley in the north to Arachosia (theHelmand Province). Ancient Indian writers indicate that he launched expeditions southward into Rajasthan and as far east down the Ganges River Valley as Pataliputra (Patna), and the Greek geographer Strabo wrote that he “conquered more tribes than Alexander the Great.”

Buddhist tradition relates that, following his discussions with Nāgasena, Menander adopted the Buddhist faith:

“May the venerable Nâgasena accept me as a supporter of the faith, as a true convert from to-day onwards as long as life shall last!” (The Questions of King Milinda, Translation by T. W. Rhys Davids, 1890).

He then handed over his kingdom to his son and retired from the world:

“And afterwards, taking delight in the wisdom of the Elder, he handed over his kingdom to his son, and abandoning the household life for the houseless state, grew great in insight, and himself attained to Arahatship!” (The Questions of King Milinda, Translation by T. W. Rhys Davids, 1890)

There is however little besides this testament to indicate that Menander in fact abdicated his throne in favor of his son. Based on numismatic evidence, Sir Tarn believes that he in fact died, leaving his wife Agathocleia to rule as a regent, until his son Strato could rule properly in his stead. Despite the success of his reign, it is clear that after his death, his “loosely hung” empire splintered into a variety of Indo-Greek successor kingdoms, of various size and stability.

The temple was rebuilt by King Vikramaditya around 101 BC.

Vikramaditya was born in 101 BCE and his Vikarama Saka started in 58 BCE and he died in CE 19. (You may refer Thiru Venkatacharya, “Ganitha Khagola Sastramulu”, Vgnyaana Sarvasvamu, Samputi 9, Telugu Bhaashaa Samiti, Madras, Hyderabad, 1965 and Kavana Sarma and Satya Sarada “Mana praacheena saahityam charitra” 8 th article, Rachana Monthly Magazine, page 26, March 2011).

Salivahana Sakam started in 78 CE (AD). The rule for becoming a Saka kartha (ie having a saka in your name) is that you have to either defeat a previous Saka kartha or the kings of Saka jathi (race of invaders form the north west)..

 

‘  2100 years ago – A grand temple, on 84 black touchstone pillars, was constructed by Sakari Samrat Vikramaditya at Sri Rama Janma Bhumi (birthplace of Sri Rama), in Ayodhyaand dedicated to Sri Ram to glorify and perpetuate his memory as a  national and global hero and savior. Further temples were built at different times to replace old ones that had been affected by vagaries of nature including the Sarayu floods, new ones coming up to mark the site as Sri Ramjanma bhumi sthaan. According to experts, the pre-Babri temple had been in existence from the Gahadwal period.

“It is so believed amongst the Hindus that the credit for inhabitance of Ayodhya for third time, goes to Vikramaditya, king of  Ujjain.

It appears from paper no. 107C-1/10, 107C-1/28,

107C-1/35, 107C-1/55 filed in this suit that he had built 360 temples in Ayodhya.

 

“Few consider him to be king  Vikramaditya of Gardbhill dynasty of Ujjain, who had destroyed the Shakas in 57 BC and had started the Vikram  era and few consider him to be Chandragupta  Vikramaditya of Gupta dynasty. Be that as it may, the Sri  Ramjanmbhumi temple was certainly included in those 360 temples.

Hence while the exact details of. who built the temple for Rama, it is evident that there was temple before 100 BC and was destroyed by Menander  around 100 BC.

And it was rebuilt by King Vikramadhitya.

 

Citations and references.

http://www.stephen-knapp.com/ayodhya_and_the_research_on_the_temple_of_Lord_Rama.htm

 

http://jayasreesaranathan.blogspot.in/2010/10/history-of-ram-janma-bhumi-temple-at.html

http://www.ibtl.in/column/1237/unconquerable-ayodhya-the-kingdom-of-kosal

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menander_I#Menander_and_Buddhism

https://ancientindians.in/2011/03/08/bhartruhari-vikramaditya-kalidasa-varahamihira-bhoja-salivahana/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayodhya

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Rama with Kodanda,Bow.jpg
Hinduism

No Ram Mandir In Ayodhya,The Hindu Wendy Doniger


 

It takes audacity of the best/worst kind to deny a fact outright.

The intention to denigrate Hinduism and its culture started from Islamic period and it was carried on in a more subtle and systematic manner by the British firstly by publishing ‘First History of India’ by James Stuart Mill from England who without even visiting during the 12 years it took him to write the ‘History’ where he begins by asserting that the world did not begin before 4000 years ago and Indians were barbarians and steeped in superstitions.

supreme-court-of-india-ram-temple

Our Secular Indians of post Independent India did not even flinch.

Many of them carried and are carrying on in the path..

 

Wendy Doniger , author of Alternate History which ridicules Hindus and insults Krishna, faced flak from India, of course, excepting from the Sickularists.

Having been shown the Book where it deserved to be, in the Dustbin, it looks as though she has taken recourse to denigrate Indians in the web.

This gem of a piece seems to have been written in http://www.vichaar.com and is quoted by the site https://wondersofpakistan.wordpress.com/2009/03/27/the-battle-over-indian-history/

Check the site and you will know what I am talking about.

The vichaar site does not seem to work.!

The  article titled Battle over Indian History quoted by a site extolling Pakistan is, to say the least, is disgusting and speaks of intellectual dishonesty and moral depravity.

When one attempts to write a History one is expected to be careful and that too when you write about a country about which you are unfamiliar with its culture and its History.

You should know the language and study and if you lazy or an illiterate you should get some one who can read and study.

There is no evidence of Rama Temple and it is a story.

Really!

 

Check out the Link

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2012/04/05/ramayana-lord-ramas-exile-date-and-other-details/

And follow the Related posts or

Still better,

Google Rama’s date+ramanan50

‘https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2012/04/05/ramayana-lord-ramas-exile-date-and-other-details/

There are authentic sites about the Temple of Rama in Ayodhya which give out proof about Ram Mandir , Ayodhya.

Please check them.

What is painful is the similar attitude shown by some Indians and of course The Hindu, Indian Newspaper which has published them,

 

Though I have been writing  on dating the Ramayana, Mahabharata and other Indian texts, I have not written on Ayodhya Temple’s date.

The Sri Rama Navami, the Birth date of Lord Rama falls on 15 April 2016.

Rama Navami Puja Muhurta = 11:05 to 13:33
Duration = 2 Hours 27 Mins
Rama Navami Madhyahna Moment = 12:19
I will be writing in detail a series of Articles on Ayodhya Ram Mandir and this shall be my offering to Lord Rama for His Birth Day this year

“It’s not a logical judgement with so many parts going 2-1. One does not accept the logicality of the judgement,” said Irfan Habib, a noted historian and a former Chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research who earlier taught at the Aligarh Muslim University.

He noted that the verdict seemed to legitimise the events of 1949, when an idol was placed inside the mosque, by constant references. On the other hand, by minimising any mentions of the demolition of the Babri Masjid in 1992, the court seemed to be disregarding it, he said.

He also expressed surprise that two judges questioned the date of construction of the Babri Masjid, as well as the involvement of emperor Babar or his commander Mir Baqi, since there had been clear inscriptions to this effect before the demolition. “Things that are totally clear historically, the court has tried to muddy,” he said.

“The historical evidence has not been taken into account,” said D.N. Jha, history professor at the Delhi University. Noting the judgement’s mention of the “faith and belief of Hindus” in reference to the history of the disputed structure, Dr. Jha asked why the court had requested an excavation of the site.

“If it is a case of ‘belief,’ then it becomes an issue of theology, not archaeology. Should the judiciary be deciding cases on the basis of theology is a question that needs to be asked,” he said.

Professional archaeologists also noted that the judges did not seem to rely heavily on the Archaeological Survey of India’s court-directed excavation of the site in 2003, at least in the summaries of their verdict available on Thursday evening.

“Somewhere, there is doubt about the credibility of that report,” said Supriya Verma of the Jawaharlal Nehru University, who acted as an observer during the ASI excavation.

She noted that neither Justice Sudhir Agarwal nor Justice Dharam Veer Sharma even referenced the ASI report to support his conclusion on the existence of a temple on the site before the mosque was built.

“It is almost as though they themselves were not convinced by the evidence. They are clearly conceding that there was no archaeological evidence of a temple or of its demolition…It is a judgement of theology,” she said.

Another observer of the ASI excavation, Jaya Menon of the Aligarh Muslim University, noted that the ASI report itself did not provide any evidence of a demolition, and only asserted the existence of a temple in its conclusion. “So I don’t know on what basis they made their judgements,” she said. The ASI report had been criticised by many archaeologists for ignoring evidence such as animal bones, which would not have been found in a temple for Ram, and the existence of glazed pottery and graves which indicated Muslim residents.’

Source.http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/historical-evidence-ignored-say-historians/article805087.ece

 

For years, some Hindus have argued that the 16th century mosque called the Babri Masjid (after the Mughal emperor Babur) was built over a temple commemorating the birthplace of Rama (an avatar of the god Vishnu) in Ayodhya (the city where, according to the ancient poem called the Ramayana, Rama was born), though there is no evidence whatsoever that there has been ever a temple on that spot or that Rama was born there.
On December 6, 1992, as the police stood by and watched, leaders of the right-wing Hindu party called the BJP whipped a crowd of 200,000 into frenzy. Shouting “Death to the Muslims!” the mob attacked Babur’s mosque with sledgehammers. In the riots that followed, over a thousand people lost their lives, and many more died in reactive riots that broke out elsewhere in India. On the site today, nothing but vandalized ruins remains, and, in a dark corner of the large, empty space, a small shrine with a couple of oleograph pictures of Rama, where a Hindu priest performs a perfunctory ritual. Whether or not there ever was a Hindu temple there before, there is a temple, however makeshift, there now.
People are being killed in India today because of misreadings of the history of the Hindus. In all religions, myths that pass for history–not just casual misinformation, the stock in trade of the internet, but politically-driven, aggressive distortions of the past–can be deadly, and in India they incite violence not only against Muslims but against women, Christians, and the lower castes.
Myth has been called “the smoke of history,” and there is a desperate need for a history of the Hindus that distinguishes between the fire, the documented evidence, and the smoke; for mythic narratives become fires when they drive historical events rather than respond to them. Ideas are facts too; the belief, whether true or false, that the British were greasing cartridges with animal fat, sparked a revolution in India in 1857. We are what we imagine, as much as what we do.
Hindus in America, too, care how their history is taught to their children in American schools, and the voices of Hindu action groups ring out on the internet. Some of these groups, justifiably incensed by the disproportionate emphasis on the horrors of the caste system in American textbooks, and by the grotesque misrepresentation of Hindu deities in American commercialism, ricochet to the other extreme and demand that all references to the caste system be expunged from all American textbooks.
And so I tried to tell a more balanced story, in “The Hindus: An Alternative History,” to set the narrative of religion within the narrative of history, as a statue of a Hindu god is set in its base, to show how Hindu images, stories, and philosophies were inspired or configured by the events of the times, and how they changed as the times changed. There is no one Hindu view of karma, or of women, or of Muslims; there are so many different opinions (one reason why it’s a rather big book) that anyone who begins a sentence with the phrase, “The Hindus believe. . . ,” is talking nonsense.
My narrative is alternative both to the histories promulgated by some contemporary Hindus on the political right in India and to those presented in most surveys in English–imperialist histories, all about the kings, ignoring ordinary people. But the texts tell us not just who was the ruler but who got enough to eat and who did not. And so my narrative is alternative in its inclusion of alternative people. How does one include the marginal as well as the mainstream Hindus in the story? The ancient texts, usually dismissed as the work of Brahmin males, in fact reveal a great deal about the lower castes, often very sympathetic to them and sometimes coded as narratives about dogs, standing for the people now generally called Dalits, formerly called Untouchables. The argument, for instance, that Dalits should be allowed to enter temples, an argument still violently disputed in parts of India today, can already be found, masked, in ancient stories about faithful dogs who should be allowed to enter heaven. So too, though Feminists often argue that Hindu women were entirely silenced, women’s voices–their ideas and attitudes and, above all, their stories–were often heard and recorded by the men who wrote down the texts.
Foreigners, too, made contributions to Hinduism from the very beginning. Once upon a time–about 50 million years ago –a triangular plate of land, moving fast (for a continent), broke off from Madagascar (a large island lying off the southeastern coast of Africa), and sailed across the Indian Ocean and smashed into the belly of Central Asia with such force that it squeezed the earth five miles up into the skies to form the Himalayan range and fused with Central Asia to become the Indian subcontinent. Or so the people who study plate tectonics nowadays tell us, and who am I to challenge them? Not just land but people came to India from Africa, much later; the winds that bring the monsoon rains to India each year also brought the first humans to peninsular India by sea from East Africa in around 50,000 BCE. And so from the very start India was a place made up of land and people from somewhere else. India itself is an import, or if you prefer, Africa outsourced India (and just about everyone else).
The magnificent civilization of the Indus Valley (in present-day Pakistan) traded with Sumer, Crete, and Mesopotamian, before it came to a mysterious end in about 2000 BCE. At just about the same time, in the nearby Punjab, a very different culture entered India from the Northwest and created the great corpus of texts called the Vedas, the oldest texts of Hinduism. Other invaders– Greeks, Turks, Arabs, and British–made valuable contributions to the complex fabric of Hinduism.
We can trace certain important ideas throughout the centuries of this unbroken tradition. For example: A profound psychological understanding of addiction to material objects is evident throughout the history of Hinduism. Addiction was the concern not merely of kings or scholars but of ordinary people, like the proto-hippy and the gambler who are depicted in the Vedas (see excerpt). One reaction to this perceived danger was to control addiction through asceticism or renunciation. And so began an ongoing battle between a great tradition that always celebrated sensuality (think: elephants encrusted with rubies, temples that make rococo look like Danish modern, the Kama-sutra) and another that feared the excesses of the flesh and practiced meditation (think: Gandhi).
Some of the British, especially in the early colonial period, admired and celebrated the sensuality of Hinduism. Others, particularly but not only the later Protestant missionaries, despised what they regarded as Hindu excesses. Unfortunately, many educated Hindus took their cues from the second sort of Brit and became ashamed of the sensuous aspects of their own religion, aping the Victorians (who were, after all, very Victorian), becoming more Protestant than thou. It is not fair to blame the British for the Puritanical strain in Hinduism; it began much earlier. But they certainly made it a lot worse. And cultural influences of this sort, as much as the grand ideas, are part of what makes the history of the Hindus so fascinating.
http://www.vichaar.com/

Scholarship of

Maps in front pages: Maps titled Indias Geographical Features and India from 600 CE to 1600 CE 
COMMENT: In the first map, the Waziristan Hills area is marked erroneously as Kirthar Range. The Kirthar Range is at least 200 miles further south. In the third map, Janakpur, Nagarkot, Mandu and Haldighati are marked several hundred miles from their correct geographical location.

Pg. 67 – It is claimed that the entire Harappan culture had a population of 40,000! 
COMMENT: This is estimated as the population of Mohenjo-Daro alone. The population of the entire culture is estimated around 500,000.

Pg 130 – The author claims that there are no Gods in the Vedas who are Shudras. 
COMMENT: It is anachronistic to assign castes to Rigvedic deities, but nevertheless, Pushan, Vesmapati and others have been considered Shudra deities in later times.

Pg 450- It is claimed that Emperor Ala-ud-Din Khalji did not sack temples in Devagiri. 
COMMENT: His contemporary Amir Khusro clearly mentions that the Emperor sacked numerous temples and raised mosques instead.

Pg 552 – The book claims that the Ramcharitmanas was written at Varanasi. 
COMMENT: Both modern scholarship as well as tradition accept that the work (or at least most of it) was written in Ayodhya.

Pg 128 – The book likens the Vedic devotee worshipping different Vedic deities to a lying and a philandering boyfriend cheating on his girlfriend(s). 
COMMENT: This is offensive and ignores that fact that in the Rigveda, the gods are said to be all united, born of one another, and from the same source.(India Today)

5.Why is it that writing on Islam, even  a hint of Prophet’s Image.would hurt Religious sentiments ?

Satanic Verses  by Rushdie was banned for much less and a booty was announced to kill the author.

6.The Da Vinci Code was initially banned for portraying History as found in Christianity.

7.Are these secularists prepared to publish a Book on Muhammad marrying a Widow with a child,

Or marrying a nine-year old,

or The practice of Thighing in Islam where children are raped as a practice?

Or Mary of Magdalene was the wife , to put it politely,of Jesus?

8.I have a good collection of Posts on the History of Islam, Christianity, American wiping out the Indians,Debauchery of the British Monarchy.

Any body there to publish them in the interest of Truth and History?

The Hindus Alternative History Krishna Fondling Breasts

Source and citation in Block quote is from

https://wondersofpakistan.wordpress.com/2009/03/27/the-battle-over-indian-history/

 

 

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Hinduism

Sitas Birth Place Punaura Dham Sitamarhi Haleshwarnath


Sita, wife of Lord Rama, without whom the Greatness of Rama would not have been possible was born in Sitamarhi,India.

Rama Breaks the Bow.jpg

Rama Breaks the Bow , marries Sita.

However there are disputes regarding this issue.

Punaura Dham,Sita Marhi,Birth Place of Sita.gif

Punaura Dham,Sita Marhi,Birth Place of Sita.

 

Sitamarhi, Birth Place of Sita.jpg

Punaura Dham, is about 5 Kms. west of Sitamarhi. Saint Pundrik’s Ashram was situated here. This place also claims the honour of being the birth place of Hindu Goddess, Sita.

Sita's Birth Place.jpg

About 1.5 Kms. Off he railway station and the bus stand, this is the birth place of Sita. Janaki-Kund is adjacent south of the temple.

Though there are differnt versions about Sita’s birth, I shall be taking the version of Valmiki and Kamban in Tamil, where it is stated that Sita was born in a Field when King Janaka was ploughing the field.

As for as Ramayana is concerned Valmikis version is accepted as authentic as it is Original and more pertinently Valmiki lived during Rama’s Reign and helped Sita deliver Her Children Lava and Kusa in his Ashram.

Here is a Temple , dedicated to Shiva, constrcuted by Janaka, father of Sita,on the occasion of Putra Yeshti Yajna. His temple was named as Haleshwarnath temple.

This is Haleshwarnath temple.

This is 3 Kms. noth-west of Sitamarhi.

Sita Marhi is also the place where Draupadi was Born.

Sita was carried ina Palanquin from here in Sitamarhi.gif

It is 8 Kms. north-east of Sitamarhi. It is said that after her marriage, sita was carried in a palanquin to Ayodhya by this route. An old Banyan tree is still standing here under which she is said to have rested for a while..

Bodhayan-Sar

This is the sacred place where Maharishi Bodhaya had written number of epics.

Bohodayana authored the sutras for the Vedas.

The great sanskrit Grammarian Panini was one of his disciples.

 

How To Reach Sitamarhi.

National Highway 77 connects the area to the Muzaffarpur district and Patna to the south. Sitamarhi has road connections to adjoining districts, of which the major examples are National Highway 77 and National Highway 104. State highways link it toMadhubani district in the east and Sheohar in the west.

Direct train services are available from Sitamarhi railway junction to places such as New Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi, Lucknow, Hyderabad and Kanpur.

The nearest airport to Sitamarhi is the Jaiprakash Narayan International Airport which is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) distant.

Sitamarhi is connected to cities in and around Bihar by state-owned transport services. Some private buses operate between Patna to Sitamarhi and Paktola Village to Patna.

Citation.

http://sitamarhi.bih.nic.in/documents/tourism.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sita#Bi

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Hinduism

Detailed Map of 196 Places Visited by Rama


As The Ramayana has been verified as a fact and not a figment of Valmiki’s imagination,I have been trying to find out the places visited by Lord Rama.

“God will not have his work made manifest by cowards.”
~Ralph Waldo Emerson

I have been intrigued by the Sthala Puranas, especially in the South relating South Indian Temples to Rama, Hanuman and Lakshmana.

Though it appears that the Sthala Puranas appear to be fables to popularize the local temples, I found it is not so, at least with reference to Ramayana.

Places visited by Rama, Map.jpg

Places Visited by Lord Rama. Image credit.www.hindudharmaforums.com

For example there is a temple in Andhra Pradesh where Hanuman rested while bringing the Sanjivi Parvatha.,Vellala Hanuman Temple, or

Temple in Tamil Nadu where Rama and Hanuman confer in private.

Please read my posts on these.

All these are accounted in the Map provided here.

The information is scarce, despite  a lot of information in the web on Rama’s travels through out the country.

Most of the information I found were duplication or the places were restricted to places relating to  important events in the Life Rama.

Ayodhya,Sarayu, Mithila, Dandakaranya,Nasik,Tunghabhadra,Kishkinta, Godavari, Kaveri belt, and Rameswaram.

Some places in Lanka are mentioned.

Ona detailed analysis and checking up Valmiki Ramayana, there are 196 places visited by Lord Rama.

They may be classified under the following heads.

1.Ayodhya and Gangetic Belt, before Rama’s Exile.

2.On Exile, Dandakaranya.

3.Godavari.

4.Tungabhadra and Kaveri

5.   Deep Down South at Rameswaram.

6.Places in Lanka.

7.Rama’s return to India by Pushpaka Vimana.

Rama seems to have returned to Ayodhya by Pushpaka Vimana.

It looks as though the Vimana or the Plane was taken from Rameswaram after rama’s Pooja of Lord Ramanatha at Rameswaram.

I have found a detailed Map marking the 196 places visited by Rama.

The places are written in Hindi and one can easily read them.

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Hinduism

Hanuman Returned From Lanka 5076 BC 11 AM Speed 660Km


Indian Epics ,Ramayana and Mahabharata stand the test of Astronomy.

Hanuman takes four and a half hours to fly from Lanka to India.jpg Hanuman takes four and a half hours to fly from Lanka to India.

I have written on the Dating tools of  Ramayana and the dates of the various incidents in Lord Rama’s Life.

Also on Mahabharata.

Mr.Pushkar Bhatnagar of Indian Revenue Service, with the help of a software named ‘Planetarium Gold’ (of Fogware Publishing) has made a detailed study.

This is used to predict the solar/lunar eclipses and distance and location of other planets from earth by the scientists and astronomers. He entered the relevant details about the planetary positions vis-a-vis zodiac constellations narrated by Maharishi Valmiki and obtained very interesting and convincing results, which almost determine the important dates starting from the birth of Shri Rama to the date of his coming back to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile.

Mr. Pushkar Bhatnagar  written a Book in his book ‘Dating the Era of Lord Rama’ published by Rupa & Co.

He made use of this software to date the Ramayana in detail.

I am referring here about the Flight of Hanuman from Lanka to Rameswaram.

‘Only six of the twelve constellations remain above the horizon at the same time. Valmiki’s Ramayan contains graphic and poetic details of eight constellations during Hanuman’s return journey from Sri Lanka to Sunaabh Hill in the middle of the sea which apparently took about four and a half hours from 6:30 a.m. to 11 a.m. All these details of planets and nakshtras with reference to eight constellations described in Sarga 57(1,2,3) of chapter 5 tally exactly with the sky view generated by the software for the morning of 14th September 5076 BC.”

But since Hanuman was flying across, and it must have taken him approximately four hours to get there (Lanka to Rameswaram), he could see eight constellations— in two hours one constellation would have moved out of sight and another become visible. So in a period of four hours he saw eight constellations. Following is the excerpt from Chapter 57 of Sundara Kanda:

“ Like a winged mountain Hanuman sailed over the airy sea; Yakshas looked like the lotus flowers, Gandharvas moon,  the sun its water fowl, Tishya and Sravana Nakshatras its swans and the clouds its reeds and moss. Punarvasu was the whale and Lohitanga (Mars) the crocodile,  Airavata the spacious island, Swati, its decoration in the form of a swan; the breezes were its billows and the rays of the moon its cool and peaceful waves”.

The above passage is a metaphor and refers to the stars Shravana (Capricorn), Tishya (Gemini), Punarvasu (Gemini/ Cancer), Lohitanga ( Mars or red star Jyeshta)(Scorpio) and Swati (Libra). Lohitanga in Sanskrit means planet Mars. But he might have meant red star Jyeshta (Kettai in Tamil). Airavata is Indra’s heavenly elephant Vahana/vehicle. But here it means a star.’

sacandra kumudam ramyam saarka kaaraNDavam shubham |
tiShya shravaNa kadambam abhra shaivala shaadvalam || 5-57-1
punarvasu mahaamiinam lohita anga mahaagraham |
airaavata mahaadviipam svaatii hamsa viloDitam || 5-57-2
vaata samghaata jaata uurmim candra amshu shishira ambumat |
bhujamga yakSha gandharva prabuddha kamala utpalam || 5-57-3
hanumaan maarutagatirmahaanauriva saagaram |
apaaramaparishraantaH pupluve gaganaarNavam || 5-57-4

1, 2, 3, 4. hanumaan= Hanuma; maarutagatiH= with a rush equal to that of wind; aparishraantaH= without a fatigue; pupluve= leapt across; apaaram= the boundless; gaganaarNavam= sea analogous to sky; mahaanauH iva= like a large ship; saagaram= crossing the ocean; ramyam= pleasant; sachandra kumudam= having the moon for a white water-lily; saarkakaaraN^Davam= the sun for a water-fowl; shubham= auspicious; tiSyashravaNakaadambam= having the constellations known by the names of Pushya and Shravana for swans; abhrashaiVaalashaadvalam= the clouds for its duck-weeds; punarvasumahaamiinam= the twin constellations, the Punarvasus, for its large fish; lohitaaN^ga mahaagraham= the planet Mars for its large alligator; airaavata mahaadviipam= Airavata (Indra’s elephant) for a large island; svaatihamsaviloLitam= graced with a swan in the form of the constellation Sati; vaata samghaatajaatormi= having gales for its waves; chandraamshushishiraambumat= and the moonbeams for its cool water; bhujaN^ga yakSa gandharva prabuddha kamalotpalam= with the Nagas, Yakshas and Gandharvas for its full-blown lotuses and water-lilies.

Hanuma, with a rush equal to that of wind, without a fatigue, leapt across the boundless sea looking analogous to sky, like a large ship crossing the ocean. In that pleasant and auspicious sky-like sea, shone the moon as a white water-like sea, shone having the constellations known by the names of Pushya and Shravana as swans, the clouds as its duck-weeds; the twin constellations the Punarvasus as its large fish, the planet Mars as its large alligator, a large island as Airavata (Indra’s elephant), graced with a swan in the form of the constellation, Swati, having gales as its waves, the moon beams as its cool water and with the Nagas, yakshas and Gandharvas as its full blown lotuses and water-lilies.

  • There is variation in the dates of Rama.some date it to 7000 BC.I have written on this as well.
  • As I have explained in a separate Post dating based on Astronomical events has this problem of the Celestial events recurring at fixed intervals.This makes it difficult to assign a date to a specific incident as the Astronomical events recur.

Citations.

http://www.cosmicconscious.in/2015/03/facts-about-birth-and-historical-era-of.html#.ViXLL9IrLIU

http://swamiindology.blogspot.in/2013/06/maruti-miracle-660-kms-per-hour.html

http://www.valmikiramayan.net/sundara/sarga57/sundara_57_frame.htm

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