Why Moon Is Not Bathed In Earth-shine In Solar Eclipse?


A solar eclipse is a natural event that takes place on Earth when the Moon moves in its orbit between Earth and the Sun (this is also known as an occultation). It happens at New Moon, when the Sun and Moon are in conjunction with each other. If the Moon was only slightly closer to Earth, and orbited in the same plane and its orbit was circular, we would see eclipses each month. The lunar orbit is elliptical and tilted with respect to Earth’s orbit, so we can only see up to 5 eclipses per year. Depending on the geometry of the Sun, Moon and Earth, the Sun can be totally blocked, or it can be partially blocked.

Solar Eclipse.Image.jpg
Solar Eclipse.

Lunar Eclipse.

A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes directly behind the Earth into its umbra (shadow). This can occur only when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are aligned (in “syzygy”) exactly, or very closely so, with the Earth in the middle. Hence, a lunar eclipse can only occur the night of a full moon. The type and length of an eclipse depend upon the Moon’s location relative to its orbital nodes.

On a full moon night you can very clearly see everything. Of course it is not as bright as the sunshine, but everything is very clearly visible. And if you were to view the earth from space on a full moon night it would not be dark. It would be illuminated by the moonshine and all the features of the earth would be clearly visible.

As there is ‘moonshine’ there must also be ‘earthshine’. Much of the earth is covered by water which is a good reflector of sunlight. In fact the scientists say ‘earthshine’ is much brighter than ‘moonshine’. And according to our understanding the earth is enormous in comparison to the size of the moon. So if the moonshine can completely illuminate this earth on a full moon night then the earthshine can completely illuminate the moon.

The ‘earthshine’ bombarding the moon at the time of a total solar eclipse would be at least ten times brighter than the moonshine on the earth on a full moon night.

If Western astronomers are correct the solar eclipse would be the prefect time to see the moon illuminated by earthshine. The shadow created which causes the solar eclipse on earth is, according to NASA, at most 167 miles wide. So if you were sitting on the moon during a solar eclipse you would see an extremely bright earth planet with a dark circle of only 167 miles wide. This is not enough to diminish the earthshine in any significant way. So  even though the sun is behind the moon, the full force of the sunshine is hitting the earth and reflecting off those shiny blue oceans and reflecting off the land also’

On checking up I found that earth shine is not much and hence not visible.

Science talks about Albedo and distances, but that does seem to me a lot of suppositions and wishful thinking.

Earthshine is a soft, faint glow on the shadowed part of the moon caused by the reflection of sunlight from the Earth.

Specifically, Earthshine happens when the light from the sun is reflected from the Earth’s surface, to the moon, and then back to our eyes. Because of this double reflection of light, Earthshine is many, many times dimmer than the direct light of the sun on the moon. Earthshine is even more faint because the moon’s “albedo” (a specific kind of reflectivity) is less than Earth’s. Even though this dim light is only a reflection it can still illuminate some features of the moon.

Earthshine can be best seen during the crescent phases (the 1-5 day period before or after a New Moon). During this time the sun is mostly behind the moon from our perspective and bathing the Earth in a lot of direct light that is reflected onto the shadowed parts of the moon.

Moons orbiting other planets can also experience this phenomenon, generally called “planetshine”

Albedo (/ælˈbd/), or reflection coefficient, derived from Latin albedo “whiteness” (or reflected sunlight) in turn from albus “white”, is thediffuse reflectivity or reflecting power of a surface.

It is the ratio of reflected radiation from the surface to incident radiation upon it. Its dimensionless nature lets it be expressed as a percentage and is measured on a scale from zero for no reflection of a perfectly black surface to 1 for perfect reflection of a white surface.

Albedo depends on the frequency of the radiation. When quoted unqualified, it usually refers to some appropriate average across the spectrum of visible light. In general, the albedo depends on the directional distribution of incident radiation, except for Lambertian surfaces, which scatter radiation in all directions according to a cosine function and therefore have an albedo that is independent of the incident distribution. In practice, a bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) may be required to accurately characterize the scattering properties of a surface, but albedo is very useful as a first approximation.

The albedo is an important concept in climatology, astronomy, and calculating reflectivity of surfaces in LEED sustainable-rating systems for buildings. The average overall albedo of Earth, its planetary albedo, is 30 to 35% because of cloud cover, but widely varies locally across the surface because of different geological and environmental features.[1]

The term was introduced into optics by Johann Heinrich Lambert in his 1760 work Photometria.

Will some one clarify in simple terms?

Or is this the same as what Science calls as Axioms, not to be questioned?

Citation.

http://space-facts.com/solar-eclipse/

http://krishna.org/astronomy-debunked-solar-eclipses-are-not-caused-by-the-moon/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albedo

Tweleve Forms Of Surya,Sun God Hinduism


Surya, the Sun God  is one of the most revered in Hinduism.

Lord Surya.Image.
Lord Surya.

So much so that Adi Shankaracharya classified the worship of Surya as Sauram along with Ganapathyam,Kaumaram,Shaivam,Saaktham and Vaishnavam.

The foremost duty of a Hindu is the performance of Sanshyavandana.

The God addressed to and the Argya, the offering of water is to Surya.

He is described as the Visible Reality,Brahman.

‘Namas Savitre, Jadadeka Chakshushe,

Jagat Prasoothi Sthithi Naasa Hetave,

Thrayee Mayaya Thrigunathma Dharine,

Virinchi Narayana Sankarathmane’

Lord Krishna says He is Vishnu among the Adhityas.

‘Adhityanaa Aham Vishnu’

Surya is the axis on which the Universe rests and moves.

Surya’s Sisumara Chakra explains the Universe and the movement of Sun and Galaxies

Surya Siddhanta explains this.

Surya assumes different names  for different months.

They are,

The 12 Adityas

Ruling Month

Solar Month

Lunar Month
1

Dhata

March – April

Madhu

Chaitra

2

Aryama

April – May

Madhava

Vaishakha

3

Mitra

May – June

Shukra

Jyeshtha

4

Varuna

June – July

Suchi

Ashadha

5

Indra

July – August

Nabhas

Shravana

6

Vivasvan

Aug – Sept

Nabhasya

Bhadrapada

7

Tvashtha

Sept – Oct

Isha

Ashvina

8

Vishnu

Oct – Nov

Urja

Karttika

9

Amshuman

Nov – Dec

Sahas

Margasirsha

10

Bhaga

Dec – Jan

Sahasya

Pushya

11

Pusha

Jan – Feb

Tapas

Magha

12

Parjanja

Feb – March

Tapasya

Phalguna

47-48. While the sages glorify the sun-god with the hymns of the Sama-, Rig- and Yajur Vedas, which reveal his identity, the Gandharvas also sing his praises and the Apsaras dance before his chariot. The Nagas arrange the chariot ropes and the Yaksas harness the horses to the chariot, while the powerful Raksasas push from behind.

49. Facing the chariot, the sixty thousand brahmana sages known as Valakhilyas travel in front and offer prayers to the almighty sun-god with Vedic mantras.

46. Thus, throughout the twelve months, the lord of the sun travels in all directions with his six types of associates, disseminating among the inhabitants of this universe purity of consciousness for both this life and the next.

45. All these personalities are the opulent expansions of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vishnu, in the form of the sun-god. These deities take away all the sinful reactions of those who remember them each day at dawn and sunset. -Bhagavatha Purana.

The Twelve Suns.

. In different Puranas their names are given differently.

Brahma once recounted to the sages the one hundred and eight sacred names of Surya. The Brahma Purana lists these names.

Here are the nine groups of twelve names each.

(1) Surya, Archana, Bhagavana, Tvashta, Pusha, Arka, Savita, Ravi, Gabhastimana, Aja, Kala, Mrityu.
(2) Dhata, Prabhakara, Prithivi, Jala, Teja, Akasha, Vayu, Parayana, Soma, Brihaspati, Shukra, Budha.
(3) Angaraka, Indra, Vivasvana, Diptamshu, Shuchi, Shouri,Shanaishvara, Brahma, Vishu, Rudra, Skanda, Vaishravana.
(4) Yama, Vaidyuta, Jathara, Agni, Aindhana, Tejohapti, Dharmadhvaja, Vedakarta, Vedanga, Vedavahana, Krita, Treta.
(5) Dvapara, Kali, Sarvasurashraya, Kala, Kashtha, Muhurta, Kshapa, Yama, Kshana, Samvatsara, Ashvattha, Kalachakra.
(6) Vibhavasu, Shashvata, Purusha, Yogi, Vyaktavyakta, Sanatana, Kaladhyaksha, Prajadhyaksha, Vishvakarma, Tamonuda, Varuna, Sagara.
(7) Amsha, Jimuta, Jivana, Ariha, Bhutashraya, Bhutapati, Sarvalokanamaskrita, Shrashta, Samvartaka, Vahni, Sarvadi, Alolupa.
(8) Anata, Kapila, Bhanu, Kamada, Sarvotamukha, Jaya, Vishala, Varada, Sarvabhutasevita, Mana, Suparna, Bhutadi.
(9) Shighraga, Pranadharana, Dhanvantari, Dhumaketu, Adideva, Aditinandana, Dvadashatma, Ravi, Daksha, Pita, Mata, Pitamaha.

“All these personalities are the opulent expansions of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Visnu, in the form of the sun-god. These deities take away all the sinful reactions of those who remember them each day at dawn and sunset.” (Srimad Bhagavatam 12.11.45)

Citation.

http://www.harekrsna.de/surya/12adityas.htm

Meru Arctic, Kashmir, Tanzania ,Celestial?


Mount Meru is mentioned in all the Puranas, especially while talking of the Evolution of The Universe.

Jambudvipa lies in the middle of all Mortal Realms and in its center is the lofty Mt. Meru, bright as gold. Its height is 84,000 yojanas, and it extends 16,000 yojanas below the earth; its width at the top is 32,000 and at the base is 16,000 yojanas.

-Kurma Purana.

Name Width Height/Depth
Sumeru (Sineru) mountain 80,000 yojanas 80,000 yojanas
Sea 80,000 yojanas 80,000 yojanas
Yugandhara mountains 40,000 yojanas 40,000 yojanas
Sea 40,000 yojanas 40,000 yojanas
Iṣadhara (Isadhara) mountains 20,000 yojanas 20,000 yojanas
Sea 20,000 yojanas 20,000 yojanas
Khadiraka (Karavīka) mountains 10,000 yojanas 10,000 yojanas
Sea 10,000 yojanas 10,000 yojanas
Sudarśana (Sudassana) mountains 5,000 yojanas 5,000 yojanas
Sea 5,000 yojanas 5,000 yojanas
Aśvakarṇa (Assakaṇṇa) mountains 2,500 yojanas 2,500 yojanas
Sea 2,500 yojanas 2,500 yojanas
Vinadhara (Vinataka) mountains 1,250 yojanas 1,250 yojanas
Sea 1,250 yojanas 1,250 yojanas
Nimindhara (Nemindhara) mountains 625 yojanas 625 yojanas
Outer Sea 32,000 yojanas relatively shallow
Cakravāḍa (Cakkavāḷa) mountains(circular edge of the world) 312.5 yojanas 312.5 yojanas

 

Mount Meru is also considered Divne and is ver Holy for the Sakthi Upasakas.

Lalitatha Sahsranama  referrs  ‘Meru Mandla Madhyastha’

This house is described in detail in the Brahmaanda Purana,”In that house of Chintamani all is Chintamani.”This house having an extent of a thousand yojanas is above the world system.

 

The Rudrayaamala says,”In that Chintamani house of a thousand yojanas in extent.

 

“The house which is on Meru is smaller in size. ‘

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/04/17/lalitha-devis-abode-chinatmani-gruham-details/

 

There are views that this Mountain is terrestrial.

Some Hindu traditions place it in The Arctic.

1.There is evidence that the Rig Veda was composed in the Arctic.

I have  a post on this.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak subscribes to this view.

The Arctic region today, comprises of kilometers thick sheets of Ice spread for miles together, with hardly any land or vegetation on it.. But, what if the North Pole, at some time in its history, did support land as well as vegetation???
My research, turned up evidence that North Pole INDEED boasted of a continent right until the Miocene Period which however, got submerged during the subsequent Ice-Ages (!!). According to latest geological evidence, the last Glacial period closed about 10,000 years ago and the geographical distribution of land then, was radically DIFFERENT from what it is at present..”
Mount Meru as the Center of the Earth.jpg
Mount Meru as the Center of the Earth.
2. Mount Meru in Tanzania.
We have a Mountain by the name Meru in Tanzania.
Meru in Central Asia, Korean Legend.jpg
A Korean world map centered on the legendary Mount Meru in Central Asia.”A Korean world map centered on the legendary Mount Meru in Central Asia.” by Unknown – http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200504/the.leek-green.sea.htm. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_Korean_world_map_centered_on_the_legendary_Mount_Meru_in_Central_Asia..jpg#mediaviewer/File:A_Korean_world_map_centered_on_the_legendary_Mount_Meru_in_Central_Asia..jpg

Mount Meru is an active stratovolcano located 70 kilometres (43 mi) west of Mount Kilimanjaro in the nation of Tanzania.

And there is a Town Meru in the neighboring Kenya!

3.Meru is also identified Mount Meru or Sumeru with the Pamirs, north-west of Kashmir.

4.The Meru is Celestial.

Hindu Tantra shastras maintain that Meru is a spiritual Plane of Existence.

Buddhism and Jainism say the same.

 

Tibetan Buddhism regards Meru as the Center of the Universe and believes it to be beyond the physical plane, in a realm of perfection and transcendence. Symbolic representations of Meru are frequently found in Tibetan and Bhutanese mandalas designed to aid in meditation.’.

5.Surya Siddhanta View.

Surya Siddhanta is a highly accurate astronomical treatise br the Hindus.

It says, of Meru thus,

 

Suryasiddhanta once says square root of 10 is value of ‘pi’, but root of 10 is merely a crude value of ‘pi’ for teaching students and should never be used for any serious purpose. Any siddhanta must never abuse the basic laws of mathematics. The value of ‘pi’ is 3.14159265……., and not root of 10. In Vedic mathematics, there were formulae for computing ‘pi’ with 12 or 32 digit accuracy. Fot 12 digits, ‘pi’ = SQRT {2* (18000^2) / (65656565 – OCTAL 666)} ; Octal 666 is number for Satan in Biblical mathematics and is therefore subtracted.

Earth’s equatorial circumference is 1600 * ‘pi’ = 5026.5482457… yojanas, whereas Manda-paridhi of sun is 5040 yojanas (5039.990052). One degree (amsha0 of manda paridhi is sun’s paridhyamsha (= paridhi + amsha) = 5040 / 360 = 14 yojanas (13.9999723667) per degree. The diameter of manda-paridhi is 5040/pi = 1604.278659816 yojanas or 34.112669 kms, which is the distance of the centre of Manda-paridhi from Earth’s equatorial surface. it is equal to the height of Mt Meru (Mt Kenya = 5.199 Kms) and a mysterious term equal to 28.913669002241621530835902160508 Kms. It is equal to sum of four components :

d1 = R * sin(180 degrees / 42000) = 28.6231184335656015… Kms
d2 = R * sin(180 degrees / 4200000) = 0.2862311846025405641566… Kms
d3 = R * sin(180 degrees / [4200000 * 71]) = 0.004031425135247426…. Kms
d4 = R * sin(180 degrees / [4200000 * 71 * 14 ]) = 0.000287958938 Kms

The actual centre of all universes is 28.913669002241621530835902160508 Kms higher than the tip of terrestrial Mt Meru (Mt Kenya) and is Divine Mt Meru.’

I have written an article that

 

1.Lord Vishnu’s Nabhi as the center of our Milky way Galaxy verified.

“The Galactic Center cannot be observed at visible, ultraviolet, or x-ray wavelengths because interstellar dust obscures the line of sight. All scientific information about it comes from observations of gamma ray, hard X-ray, infrared, and radio wavelengths. The precise astronomical location of the Galactic Center at approximately 3 degrees Sagittarius (sidereal) was first verified in 1918 by Harlow Shapley. However its energetic connection to the earth was not realized until 1932 when Karl G. Jansky, an engineer working for Bell Telephone, was investigating the source of the static interference with overseas telephone lines. He discovered that the interference was due to radio waves being emitted from the center of the galaxy. The source of the radio waves appears to be located almost exactly at the Galactic Center, and may coincide with a super massive black hole. This black hole has the equivalent mass of 4 million suns and is the source of most of the gravitational energy in our galaxy. Thus the Galactic Center is the Sun around which our Sun rotates.’

Considering all these facts I tend to surmise that the Physical Meru is in the Arctic ( I have a post that the inside of the Earth is not hollow) ans also a spiritual plane.

After all what is In the Microcosm is in the Macrocosm.

Citation.

http://decodehindumythology.blogspot.in/2011/12/heaven-at-north-pole.html ( Image and a portion of the Text quoted)

 

Byse Unique Solstice Indicator, Stonehenge Of India


We are quite familiar with the Stonehenge in England.

Stonehenge,Astronomy Device,England,jpg
Stonehenge ,England.

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, about 2 miles (3 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stones set within earthworks. It is in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.

Byse Megalithic structures.jpg
Byse, The Indian Stonehenge

This image is from http://traveller-information.blogspot.in/2012/08/india-has-discovered-its-own-stonehenge.html.

I am informed that this is not the correct image by Mystery of  India website.

Check another image at www.tifr.res.in/~archaeo/FOP/FoP papers/Recent Survey of a Megalithic Stone Alignment at Byse.pdf

One more from

Byse stone,jpg
Byse stone. Image Credit.https://ramanan50.files.wordpress.com/2015/01/ce1dd-fig6-copy.jpg

Comments are welcome.

 

 

Archaeologists believe it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. Radiocarbon dating in 2008 suggested that the first stones were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC,[2] whilst another theory suggests that bluestones may have been raised at the site as early as 3000 BC..

There is little or no direct evidence for the construction techniques used by the Stonehenge builders. Over the years, various authors have suggested that supernatural or anachronistic methods were used, usually asserting that the stones were impossible to move otherwise. However, conventional techniques, using Neolithic technology as basic as shear legs, have been demonstrably effective at moving and placing stones of a similar size. Proposed functions for the site include usage as an astronomical observatory or as a religious site.

Another idea has to do with a quality of the stones themselves: Researchers from the Royal College of Art in London have discovered that some of the monument’s stones possess “unusual acoustic properties” —when they are struck they respond with a “loud clanging noise”.

Byse, Indian Stonehenge.

 

Located in Byse village in Karnataka these Megaliths structures dates back to 1000 BC and have been found to be aligned with certain Solar and Stellar movements including solstices andequinoxes.


Megalithic structures have been found at a site called Nilaskal Byana which mean “the field with the standing stones”. In 1975, the site was reported as containing several menhirs (single standing stones) arranged in no particular pattern. In 2007, the researchers from the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and Manipal University surveyed the site and discovered 26 megalithic constructions….

According to researcher, this megalithic construction were most probably used for astronomical observations at a site in South India. Using computer simulation, the researchers concluded that at least one of the stone alignments at Byse has “strong astronomical associations”. The standing stones are aligned to the north, east, south and west directions and also match the two solstices and equinoxes. While the two solstices mark the longest and shortest days of the year, an equinox occurs when the sun is in the same plane as the earth’s equator. The solstices, together with the equinoxes, are connected with the seasons.

A unique feature of this observatory compared to those in Europe is that it does not have a central location from which observations can be made, but involves multiple sightlines with shadows of several stones falling on other marking stones during days of astronomical importance..

Citation.

Source: Stone alignment with solar and other sightlines in South India by CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 102, NO. 5, 10 MARCH 2012

http://www.mysteryofindia.com/2014/12/stone-alignment-solar-sightlines-south-india.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonehenge

Image credit.http://traveller-information.blogspot.in/2012/08/india-has-discovered-its-own-stonehenge.html

World's Largest Number.png

Large Numbers Modern Maths Tamil Classics


In the highly complex world of Astronomy, where very huge distances are to be measured special numbers are needed to count.

 

The presence of Large numbers indicate that knowledge of such huge numbers were necessitated .

 

That is possible only when Knowledge of such numerals are needed.

World's Largest Number.png
World’s Largest Number.

 

And such a field is Astronomy.

 

Unless one has a very deep insight into the working of the Universe , one would not have devised the numbers and more importantly  would not have systematized them.

 

The largest Number used now ,

 

When a number represents a quantity rather than a count, SI prefixes can be used—thus “femtosecond”, not “one quadrillionth of a second”—although often powers of ten are used instead of some of the very high and very low prefixes. In some cases, specialized units are used, such as the astronomer’s parsec and light year or the particle physicist’s barn.

Nevertheless, large numbers have an intellectual fascination and are of mathematical interest, and giving them names is one of the ways in which people try to conceptualize and understand them.

One of the first examples of this is The Sand Reckoner, in which Archimedes gave a system for naming large numbers. To do this, he called the numbers up to a myriad myriad (108) “first numbers” and called 108 itself the “unit of the second numbers”. Multiples of this unit then became the second numbers, up to this unit taken a myriad myriad times, 108·108=1016. This became the “unit of the third numbers”, whose multiples were the third numbers, and so on. Archimedes continued naming numbers in this way up to a myriad myriad times the unit of the 108-th numbers, i.e., (10^8)^{(10^8)}=10^{8\cdot 10^8}, and embedded this construction within another copy of itself to produce names for numbers up to \left((10^8)^{(10^8)}\right)^{(10^8)}=10^{8\cdot 10^{16}}. Archimedes then estimated the number of grains of sand that would be required to fill the known Universe, and found that it was no more than “one thousand myriad of the eighth numbers” (1063)….

 

The Largest Standard Dictionary Number, on date, is, Centillion ,10303.

 

Tamil Classics name, 1,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,000 = MAHAYUGAM = Ten Undecillion = 10 37.

 

This is 10 steps later to Decillion.

 

That is adding the power.

 

The basic computation in a Language that is over 5000 Year old….?

 

Shall be posting on minute measurements in Tamil and on Large and smallest numbers in Vedic System.

 

Citation.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_units_of_measurement

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_large_numbers