And Ravana,being a Brahmin of excellent knowledge of the Vedas and an ardent devotee of Shiva, appeared before and conducted the Vijaya Homa to assure Rama’s victory in the war with him(Ravana).
As The Ramayana has been verified as a fact and not a figment of Valmiki’s imagination,I have been trying to find out the places visited by Lord Rama.
“God will not have his work made manifest by cowards.”
~Ralph Waldo Emerson
I have been intrigued by the Sthala Puranas, especially in the South relating South Indian Temples to Rama, Hanuman and Lakshmana.
Though it appears that the Sthala Puranas appear to be fables to popularize the local temples, I found it is not so, at least with reference to Ramayana.
For example there is a temple in Andhra Pradesh where Hanuman rested while bringing the Sanjivi Parvatha.,Vellala Hanuman Temple, or
Temple in Tamil Nadu where Rama and Hanuman confer in private.
Please read my posts on these.
All these are accounted in the Map provided here.
The information is scarce, despite a lot of information in the web on Rama’s travels through out the country.
Most of the information I found were duplication or the places were restricted to places relating to important events in the Life Rama.
Ayodhya,Sarayu, Mithila, Dandakaranya,Nasik,Tunghabhadra,Kishkinta, Godavari, Kaveri belt, and Rameswaram.
Some places in Lanka are mentioned.
Ona detailed analysis and checking up Valmiki Ramayana, there are 196 places visited by Lord Rama.
They may be classified under the following heads.
1.Ayodhya and Gangetic Belt, before Rama’s Exile.
2.On Exile, Dandakaranya.
4.Tungabhadra and Kaveri
5. Deep Down South at Rameswaram.
6.Places in Lanka.
7.Rama’s return to India by Pushpaka Vimana.
Rama seems to have returned to Ayodhya by Pushpaka Vimana.
It looks as though the Vimana or the Plane was taken from Rameswaram after rama’s Pooja of Lord Ramanatha at Rameswaram.
I have found a detailed Map marking the 196 places visited by Rama.
The places are written in Hindi and one can easily read them.
Indian Epics ,Ramayana and Mahabharata stand the test of Astronomy.
I have written on the Dating tools of Ramayana and the dates of the various incidents in Lord Rama’s Life.
Also on Mahabharata.
Mr.Pushkar Bhatnagar of Indian Revenue Service, with the help of a software named ‘Planetarium Gold’ (of Fogware Publishing) has made a detailed study.
This is used to predict the solar/lunar eclipses and distance and location of other planets from earth by the scientists and astronomers. He entered the relevant details about the planetary positions vis-a-vis zodiac constellations narrated by Maharishi Valmiki and obtained very interesting and convincing results, which almost determine the important dates starting from the birth of Shri Rama to the date of his coming back to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile.
Mr. Pushkar Bhatnagar written a Book in his book ‘Dating the Era of Lord Rama’ published by Rupa & Co.
He made use of this software to date the Ramayana in detail.
I am referring here about the Flight of Hanuman from Lanka to Rameswaram.
‘Only six of the twelve constellations remain above the horizon at the same time. Valmiki’s Ramayan contains graphic and poetic details of eight constellations during Hanuman’s return journey from Sri Lanka to Sunaabh Hill in the middle of the sea which apparently took about four and a half hours from 6:30 a.m. to 11 a.m. All these details of planets and nakshtras with reference to eight constellations described in Sarga 57(1,2,3) of chapter 5 tally exactly with the sky view generated by the software for the morning of 14th September 5076 BC.”
But since Hanuman was flying across, and it must have taken him approximately four hours to get there (Lanka to Rameswaram), he could see eight constellations— in two hours one constellation would have moved out of sight and another become visible. So in a period of four hours he saw eight constellations. Following is the excerpt from Chapter 57 of Sundara Kanda:
“ Like a winged mountain Hanuman sailed over the airy sea; Yakshas looked like the lotus flowers, Gandharvas moon, the sun its water fowl, Tishya and Sravana Nakshatras its swans and the clouds its reeds and moss. Punarvasu was the whale and Lohitanga (Mars) the crocodile, Airavata the spacious island, Swati, its decoration in the form of a swan; the breezes were its billows and the rays of the moon its cool and peaceful waves”.
The above passage is a metaphor and refers to the stars Shravana (Capricorn), Tishya (Gemini), Punarvasu (Gemini/ Cancer), Lohitanga ( Mars or red star Jyeshta)(Scorpio) and Swati (Libra). Lohitanga in Sanskrit means planet Mars. But he might have meant red star Jyeshta (Kettai in Tamil). Airavata is Indra’s heavenly elephant Vahana/vehicle. But here it means a star.’
sacandra kumudam ramyam saarka kaaraNDavam shubham |
tiShya shravaNa kadambam abhra shaivala shaadvalam || 5-57-1
punarvasu mahaamiinam lohita anga mahaagraham |
airaavata mahaadviipam svaatii hamsa viloDitam || 5-57-2
vaata samghaata jaata uurmim candra amshu shishira ambumat |
bhujamga yakSha gandharva prabuddha kamala utpalam || 5-57-3
hanumaan maarutagatirmahaanauriva saagaram |
apaaramaparishraantaH pupluve gaganaarNavam || 5-57-4
1, 2, 3, 4. hanumaan= Hanuma; maarutagatiH= with a rush equal to that of wind; aparishraantaH= without a fatigue; pupluve= leapt across; apaaram= the boundless; gaganaarNavam= sea analogous to sky; mahaanauH iva= like a large ship; saagaram= crossing the ocean; ramyam= pleasant; sachandra kumudam= having the moon for a white water-lily; saarkakaaraN^Davam= the sun for a water-fowl; shubham= auspicious; tiSyashravaNakaadambam= having the constellations known by the names of Pushya and Shravana for swans; abhrashaiVaalashaadvalam= the clouds for its duck-weeds; punarvasumahaamiinam= the twin constellations, the Punarvasus, for its large fish; lohitaaN^ga mahaagraham= the planet Mars for its large alligator; airaavata mahaadviipam= Airavata (Indra’s elephant) for a large island; svaatihamsaviloLitam= graced with a swan in the form of the constellation Sati; vaata samghaatajaatormi= having gales for its waves; chandraamshushishiraambumat= and the moonbeams for its cool water; bhujaN^ga yakSa gandharva prabuddha kamalotpalam= with the Nagas, Yakshas and Gandharvas for its full-blown lotuses and water-lilies.
Hanuma, with a rush equal to that of wind, without a fatigue, leapt across the boundless sea looking analogous to sky, like a large ship crossing the ocean. In that pleasant and auspicious sky-like sea, shone the moon as a white water-like sea, shone having the constellations known by the names of Pushya and Shravana as swans, the clouds as its duck-weeds; the twin constellations the Punarvasus as its large fish, the planet Mars as its large alligator, a large island as Airavata (Indra’s elephant), graced with a swan in the form of the constellation, Swati, having gales as its waves, the moon beams as its cool water and with the Nagas, yakshas and Gandharvas as its full blown lotuses and water-lilies.
- There is variation in the dates of Rama.some date it to 7000 BC.I have written on this as well.
- As I have explained in a separate Post dating based on Astronomical events has this problem of the Celestial events recurring at fixed intervals.This makes it difficult to assign a date to a specific incident as the Astronomical events recur.
The Puranas , Ramayana ,Mahabharata and other ancient literature of india describe land mass of those ancient Vedic times.
The number varies, 5/7/9 in some Puranas.
Essentially there were five and the others being the part of this and had been given the name based on geography ,produce and the nature of the people inhabiting the world.
1.Jambu Dweepa, surrounded by Salt Sea.(lavana)
2.Palaksha Dwipa, Surrounded by Sugar Cane Juice.(Ikshu)
3.Salmali Dwipa, surrounded by a Sea of Wine(Sura)
4.Kusa Dwipa, surrounded by a sea of Clarified Butter,Ghee(Sarpi)
5Krauncha Dwipa , surrounded by a sea of Curds(Durghda)
6.Pushkara is surrounded by a Sea of Fresh Water.
Yo may read more here
‘ North Pole was at the exact center of Ilavrita Varsha. To the west of Ilavrita varsha was said to be Ketumula Varsha most of which is today under Atlantic Ocean. To the east of Ilvarita Varsha was Bhadrasva Varsha which is today under Pacific Ocean. On one side of the Ilavrita Varsha were Hari Varsha, Kimpurusha Varsha and Bharatha Varsha. On the other side of the Ilavrita Varsha were Ramyaka, Hiranyaka and Kuru Varsha. Kuru Varsha was hence on the opposite side of Bharatha Varsha on the globe.
It can be observed that in those times, most of South American continent, southern half of African Continent and entire Australia were submerged under water.[No, it is naiive to assume the areas designated were entirely above or below sea level. The Ancients referred to the lands below the equator as the “Underworld” and North of the Equator as “The Upper World”-DD] On the other hand most of modern day Atlantic ocean and Pacific ocean, and the entire Arctic ocean were above sea level. [The map in circular plan is one of the same series as the Ancient Sea Kings maps referenced to Babylon, I feel certain. The maps of this series are mostly postglacial and include a strait between Alaska and Siberia, and they do include a very extensive and exacting survey of China as noted by Charles Hapgood..-DD]’
I have observed that there seems to have been two distinct areas where Sanatana Dharma was in place.
One part seems to have been from the Arctic to Pacific Ocean.
Another extending from India towards the west of India, extending through the other areas, though real demarcation is not correct.
It is akin to compartmentalising Mind as conscious , sub conscious and conscious
They form an integral part.
We compartmentalize for our convenience to understand them better.
A part of Sanatana dharma was in place from the Arctic to the Pacific ocean running through Russia, Central India to Pacific.
This consisted of South India, south asian Countries and extended to Pacific.
Another part extended from the South of India towards the west of India running through Midddle east, Europe,Africa , Americas and culminating at the Arctic.
There are some interesting differences between the two areas and I shall write on this later in detail
I have taken references from Russian Legends, folklore ,history and the history of South India, as described in ancient Tamil literature and references in the Puranas ,Ramayana and Mahabharata.
‘In the Ancient Times India was called Bharathavarsha and it extended in the west including modern Egypt, Afghanistan, Baluchistan, Iran, Sumeria upto Caspian Sea (which was called Kashyapa Samudra in those days). Bhratahvarsha was the Greater India while Bharatha Khanda referred to the Indian Subcontinent which lies at the heart of the Vedic Civilization and extended from Himalayas in the north to KanyaKumari in the South. So the aryan invasion theory of a migration of Aryans from Central Asia to modern northern India is a baseless theory, for the entire ancient aryan civilizational geography spanned across the above mentioned regions. The very term “arya” in Sanskrit refers not to any race, but actually means a “noble person”.
The Puranas and Ithihasas are full of historical developments in the Bharatha Varsha. The now dried up Saraswati river mentioned numerous times in the vedas is the heart of this vedic civilization, and it is from here the vedic civilization spread across the Bharatha Varsha during the vedic period. The “Out of India” theory talks about this. The Saraswati river dried up at the end of the Mahabharatha Period due to geological events in the region. It was around this time that the earlier lush green area of the present Rajasthan had got converted into a desert as we see it today.
During the ancient times Arabian sea did not exist, and the land mass stretched continuously from modern India to Africa. The mighty Saraswati river born in the Himalayas flowed for over 4500 miles into Africa before entering the Oceans. This was the largest and longest river in those days. This is the most mentioned and praised river in the Veda’
The affinity of Sanskrit, Tamil Culture with Sanatana Dharma is very close.
The Tamil kings are referred to in the Vedas, Puranas, Ramayana and Mahabharata.
They predate even Lord Rama.
Tamil ings were present during the Swayamvar of Sita,
They were present during the Swayamvar of Nala and Damayanthi.
Nala was the ancestor of Lord Rama and legends have it that Nala visited Thirunaru, Pondicherry, to be relived of Shani(Saturn’s) effect.
Though there are many anecdotes of Tamil Kings, who trace their lineage to Solar Dynasty, two stand out.
One is Manu Needhi Chola,means, one who effectively enforced the rules elaborated by Manu.
He ran his son over by his chariot,(he was riding it) because a Cow complained to him by ringing the Bell he installed to hear people’s grievances and informed him that his son ran over its calf.
Manuneedhi Chola atoned it by running his chariot over his son!
The episode is found in the Hitti Civilization-they were the forerunners of the Anatolian Civilization.
Another is Emperor Sibi.
Chakravarthy Sibi is mentioned in the Rig Veda, Ramayana and Mahabharata , apart from references in the eighteen Puranas.
Thereafter, the king when recovered from loss of consciousness and again returned to his breath, called that charioteer for the purpose of getting the report on Rama. Then, Sumantra, who joined his palms in reverence, approached the monarch who was repenting about Rama alone, filled with pain and sorrow, advanced in age, greatly anguished, sighing like a newly caught elephant and reflecting on something as a sick elephant.
The king, having great distress, spoke to Sumantra, whose body was covered with dust, his face filled with tears, who was miserable and who approached near him (as follows):” Oh, Sumantra! Where can Rama the virtuous man abide, taking refuge at the root of a tree? What that Rama, who enjoyed very many pleasantries, can eat now? Oh, Sumantra! How can Rama the prince, who was habituated to good beds, sleep with such discomfort on a floor like an orphan? Footsoldiers, Chariots and elephants used to follow whenever Rama was marching ahead. How such a man can take shelter and stay in a forest devoid of people? How Seetha Rama and Lakshmana entered forest filled with wild animals and black snakes? How those princes with Seetha the delicate and the poor lady went on foot, after descending from the chariot? You have seen my sons entering the forest, as though divinities of Aswini had entered the Mountain-range of Mandara. You are indeed lucky. After reaching the forest, what words did Rama speak? What did Lakshmana speak? What did Seetha speak? Tell me where Rama sat, slept and took food. By hearing these things, I shall survive, as Yayati survived in the company of saints.”
Comment: King Yayati, when doomed to fall from heaven requested Indra to cast his lot with saints. He was accordingly sent down to a spot on the earth, where four ascetics- Astaka Pratardana, Vasuman and parva King Sibi had been practicing austerities, and had discourse with them- Mahabharata, Adi Parva.
Sibi was son of King Usinara and queen Madhavi. He was a righteous king. Indra and Agni wanted to test his integrity and so they took the form of birds hawk and dove. The hawk chased the dove and it sought protection from Sibi. Sibi was ready to give the hawk anything except the dove. But the hawk (Indra) was so adamant demanded either the dove or equal measure of meat from the king. When the king cut his flesh and placed it on one pan and the dove on the other pan, it was never equal. The king himself mounted the balance to give himself for the sake of the dove. But Indra and Agni revealed themselves and blessed him. There is another story of Sibi’s eye donation in the Buddhist Jataka.
This story is sung by several poets and they are in Purananuru verses 37, 39, 43 46 and 228. Sibi’s wards were called Saibya in Sanskrit. Sangam Tamil poets Tamilized this word and called the Chozas Sembian. This word is in other Sangam books Aka Nanuru (36) and Natrinai (14)…
The story of Sibi Chakravarthy is so famous that it was sculpted in the Barhut, Nagarjunakonda ,Amaravati bas-reliefs and Borobudur in Java,Indonesia (see Boropudur sculpture above).
Tamil epics Silappadikaram and Manimekalai gave more details about this link. Since the oldest part of Sangam Tamil literature mentions it no one can reject it. The link is confirmed with other stories as well.
Sibi ruled from the north west of India. There was a Sibi puram on the banks of river Chenab in Punjab. Sibi clan is mentioned in Rig Veda and Brahmanas. Panini referred one Sivapuram may be the same Sibipuram’
Sibi is in Nort west of India, currently in Pakistan.
There are views that Sibi ruled from there and that the Tamils were from North India.
Considering the differences between the Tamil Culture and Sanatana Dharma, thought Tamils were a part of Sanatana Dharma and the archeological evidence,Literature, the structural difference between Sanskrit , I am of the opinion that it is not so.
In the case of Sibi. it is probable that Sibi had the city of Sibi as a second capital.
Sibi (Balochi: بلوچ ) (Urdu: سِبی) is a city of Balochistan province of Pakistan. The city is located at 29°33’0N 67°52’60E at an altitude of 130 metres (429 feet) and is headquarters of the district and tehsil of the same name. According to the 2001 census of Pakistan, the population of Sibi is 52,100..
Sage Vashista explains the Genealogy of Rama to King Janaka at the time of Rama Sita wedding.
It is a Hindu Ritual mandated in a Vedic marriage.
It is called Pravara.
I had published articles on the Pravara of Rama and the list of Kings, Ikshvaku Dynasty to which Lord Rama belongs.
Thereupon, VasishTa, the Kula guru of Raghu kula started narrating the details of Gotra, Pravara etc. of Sri Rama:
Yajur vEDa Saakhaa adhyaayinE, VaasishTa, MaitraavruNa KouNDinya trayaarishEya Prvaraanvita, VasishTa
GotrOdbhavaaya, Tribhuvanaadheesaaya, AkhilaaNDa kOti BrahmaaNDa naayakaaya, Tattva ateetaaya, Sat chit Ananda
moortayE, Soorya Vamsa Paavanaaya, Akhila jagad aananda kaarakkaya, Ksheeraabdi VaasinE, SaraNaagata vatsalaaya,
Kousalyaananda Vardhanaaya, ThaTakaa ThaaTakEyaantakaaya, Sree Paada rENu paalita Goutama kaLatraaya, Parama
Bhaagavata architaaya, khaNDeekrita tripura chaapaaya, Saadu jana nivaasa vrukshaaya, LakshmaNa agrajaaya, Sreevatsa
Koustuba haara - kanaka kEyooraadi DivyaabharaNa bhooshitaaya, Vaijayantee Vanamaala sObitaaya, Ikshvaaku Vamsa
Udbhavaaya, Naabhaaga VarmaNa: naphtrE, Aja Mahaaraaja VarmaNa: poutraaya, Dasaratha Mahaaraaja VarmaNa: putraaya,
Sree Raamachandra VarmaNE Saakshaat NaaraayaNa svaroopaaya varaaya?"
Now Palaeo-anthropology has found amazing, correlation of this genealogy with the genetic profile of humans settled in north, south, east and west of India since the Holocene (about 11000 years BP) to the present. Almost all the important studies in palaeo- anthropology, including those carried out by Kenneth A. R. Kennedy and Cavalli-Sfroza, have concluded that genetic profile of people of the Indian subcontinent has remained the same for last more than 55000 years and that for last 11000 years this profile is of culturally developing people who had started speaking a structured language and were taking cooked food. .”
“A very interesting study was recently conducted by Dr. Gyaneshwar Chaubey of Estonian Biocentre. He scanned genepool of three most ancient tribes mentioned in Ramayana, i.e. Kol (e.g. Guh nishad), Bhil (e.g. Bhilni) and Gond, and compared the results with their neighboring populations and other world populations. It was concluded that the genepool of these tribes was primarily founded over indigenous component, having continuity for last over ten thousand years.’
“In the Indian context, we are now familiar with the work of U.S anthropologists Kenneth Kennedy, John Lukacs and Brian Hemphill.3 Their chief conclusion, as far as the Aryan debate is concerned, is that there is no trace of “demographic disruption” in the North-West of the subcontinent between 4500 and 800 BCE; this negates the possibility of any massive intrusion, by so-called Indo-Aryans or other populations, during that period.
Die-hard proponents of such an invasion / migration have therefore been compelled to downscale it to a “trickle-in” infiltration,4 limited enough to have left no physical trace, although they are at pains to explain how a “trickle” was able to radically alter India’s linguistic and cultural landscape when much more massive invasions of the historical period failed to do so.5 Other proponents still insist that “the Indo-Aryan immigrants seem to have been numerous and strong enough to continue and disseminate much of their culture,”6 but do not explain how the “immigrants” failed to leave any trace in the anthropological record.
It is very rare to see Lord Rama in a sleeping posture.
I am aware that there is Rama in Dharpa Sayanam near Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu.
It is said that Lord Rama was awaiting the arrival of the Lord of Oceans, Varuna, to seek his permission to build the bridge to cross over to Lanka.
Thee is another temple, Vengampatti, near Panruti,Tamil Nadu in Venugopalaswamy Temple.
In th temple dedicated to Venugopalaswamy (Krishna), a separate Sanctum is provided for Lord Rama.
Lord Rama is in a sleeping posture.
The Idol is about 19 feet in length.
Seven Hooded Snake, is found as an Umbrella to Him.
Legend has it that, while Rama was returning to Ayodhya,on the request of the Vaikanasa Rishis to give darshan to them Lord Rama graced the place with His presence with Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman.
Lakshmana , in his original form as Adisesha, appears as the Seven hooded Snake.
Venugopalaswamy with his consorts Rukmini and Sathyabhama is present in a separate Sanctum.
There is also this legend that Lord Shiva rested here after becoming tired of running away from Bhasmasura, during Mohini Avatar.
The Mohini Idol is placed in a nearby temple as this temple was in disrepair.
How to reach.
From Panruti , near Cuddlaore.
After crossing Kadampuliyur, Samarasa Sanmarga Sabai temple on the left.
About 100 metres, a large water tank .
Turn left here towards Chattharam.
At the Chattharam junction, turn right.
Vengadampet is two kilometres from there.
Buses are available to Panruti from all Major Towns in Tamil Nadu.
By Rail Panruti.
Pondichery 27 Km
Temple Timings. 9 Am to 10 AM and 5 PM to 6 PM
Executive Officer – 94434 34024
Sri.Ramadoss Bhattar -97500 28259
* Check the Phone numbers.
Adivsable to Inform the Bhattar in advance.