Twenty Six Brahmin Gotras Samudra Gupta Period 350 AD Alampbayana,Salankayana

Though it is a Brahmin Gotra,it might have been modified as a Kshatriya Gotra because of change in Profession.

Viswamitra Gotra is a Brahmin Gotra .

But when Viswamitra became a Rajarishi and gave the Gayatri Mantra to the world his Gotra became Brahmin.


History of India,as I have been finding,is quite ancient and when one checks it,date of Indian history is constantly pushed back by centuries.

There are many avenues to explore it’s antiquity.

Historical references in Indian and Foreign Literature,Indian Piranhas,Ithihasas(Ramayana and Mahabharata), Cultural links with tribes of the world, Etymology Astronomical dating,Legends verified by archeological findings and through the groups in India,who are classified based on their dispositions and Character.

One such factor is the study of Gotra system,the Indian system of tracing one’s roots.

I have written on the Gotras of Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaisyas, providing details about their origin and geological area where they had come from

When the history is ancient and one is unable to trace it for want of Knowledge of Indian texts,it was easy to dismiss facts as myths and bring in a theory like Aryan Invasion theory which stands discredited now.

In the process of unearthing the details of Gotras,I have come across instances where I could not get information on some Gotras and their Group details.

And their geographical locations.

I have been updating information as and and when I find information relating to the missing Gotras.

One such is Alampayana Gotra.

One reader wrote to me that he,with great difficulty, was able to find the Alambayana Gotta,which was misspelt.

He also wanted a clarification whether it was a Kshatriya Gotra.

I found some interesting information.

The Alambayana Gotra is a Brahmin Gotra.

Sometimes,as the group is determined by profession, disposition and character,the group name changes when one changes any of the attributes mentioned above undergoes Change.

Such is the case with Alampayana Gotra.

Though it is a Brahmin Gotra,it might have been modified as a Kshatriya Gotra because of change in Profession.

Viswamitra Gotra is a Brahmin Gotra .

But when Viswamitra became a Rajarishi and gave the Gayatri Mantra to the world his Gotra became Brahmin.

His initial Gotra,Kaushika,was a Kshatriya Gotra as he was a king before he became a Rishi.

The Alampayana Gotra was mentioned by Varma Dynasty of Bengal,Assam.

And they date back to 350-600 AD!

And one may also note from the plates that how each Gotra was assigned based on the part of Vedas one followed.

Kamrupi Brahmins, also known as Kamarupi Brahmana and Kamrupi Bamon; are those brahmins who claimed their descent from the Kanauji immigrant brahmins whom settled in Kamarupa(present day Assam). They brought with them different Hindu epics and became the torch-bearers of Aryan culture in the region.

Kamrupi brahmins are those brahmins who claimed their descent from the Kanauji immigrant brahmins of a very early period. They settled in Kamrup and later on spread out

Kamrupi Brahmins were prosperous during the Varman dynasty‘s reign of Kamarupa. The Kamrupi king Bhaskaravarman regularly gave land grants to the Kamrupi Brahmins. With these land grants they were also given copper plates grants.A portion of the copper-plate grant of Bhaskaravarman states: Rigvedic, Samavedic and Yajurvedic Brahmins lived in Kamarupa before the time of Bhaskaravarman.Of these three classes of Brahmins the followers of the Bahvrichya branch of the Rigveda were divided into the gotras of: – Kasyapa, – Kausika, – Gautama, – Parasarya, – Bharadvaja, – Varaha, – Vatsya, – Varhaspatya and – Saunaka ; Of those following the Chhandoga branch of the Samaveda belonged to the gotras of : – Paskalya The followers of the Taittiriya branch of the Yajurveda belonged to the gotra of: – Kasyapa And those of the Charaka branch to the gotra of: – Katyayana ; The followers of the Vajasaneya branch belonged to the gotras of: – Angirasa, – Alambayana, – Gargya, – Gautama, – Bharadvaja, – Yaska, – Sakatayana, and – Salankayana besides the six gotras mentioned before.In all these three groups of Brahmanas living in Kamarupa had 26 gotras at the time of their greatest power and standing. In later ages any traces of the Samavedic and Rigvedic Brahmanas disappeared .’

Varman Dynasty.

The Varman dynasty (350-650) is the first historical dynasty of the Kamarupa kingdom. It was established by Pushyavarman, a contemporary of Samudragupta

Reference and citation.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamrupi_Brahmins

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Varman_dynasty

When Initiated Mantras Fail, Procedure To Make It Deliver Saptopaya Details

Sometimes,despite following the procedure ordained, Mantras do not seem to deliver results.

Seven remedial measures are provided to correct this and ensure that the Mantas deliver the desired results.

These seven methods are called Saptopaya,the seven ways .


Problems faced by the individual are addressed to and remedial measures are suggested in Hinduism.

They are three kinds.

1.Mantra.

2.Tantra and

3.Yantra.

While these three are used for issues relating to Mind,and Spiritual development,these are also used for Physical Problems.

Of these three methods, Tantra is a method used combining sound waves,(Mantra),Tantra, uses mystically locked Geometrical shapes (Yantra) and Physical and mental disciplines,Tantra uses Mystically locked Geometrical shapes.

For more information on this,please refer my articles on Mantra,Tantra,Tantra,Japa.

And also Bija aksharas.

The Mantra is initiated by a Guru.

The Mantras are individual specific and are initiated by the Guru after ascertaining the need and spiritual evolvement of the individual.

There are various mantras and mantras contain Bija Aksharas,letters.

Some special characteristics are associated with these Aksharas .

These vary.

They are the Root sound of the Deity or Reality.

Special procedures are prescribed for each mantra.

Sometimes,despite following the procedure ordained, Mantras do not seem to deliver results.

Seven remedial measures are provided to correct this and ensure that the Mantas deliver the desired results.

These seven methods are called Saptopaya,the seven ways .

Saptopāya (सप्तोपाय) is explained in the 10th-century Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.89-91.—The Mantrasādhana chapter concludes with the method called saptopāya(seven means) that should be performed when a mantra has had no effect. If the mantra does not manifest its effect despite following a prescribed procedure, the practitioner should perform the saptopāya, or seven means, that is,

  1. drāvaṇa (softening),
  2. bodhana (awakening),
  3. vaśya (controlling),
  4. pīḍana (pressing),
  5. śoṣa or śoṣana (drying up),
  6. poṣaṇa or poṣaya (nourishing),
  7. dahana or dahanīya (burning).

These are the means that rejuvenate an ineffective mantra.

Among the saptopāya, the drāvaṇa, bodhana, poṣaya, śoṣaṇa, and dahanīya use a bīja, and attach it to the mantra. Kṣemarājaʼs Netratantroddyota or the commentary on the Netratantra [18.10-12], gives a detailed account of various methods to tie a bīja to a mantra. He explains 11 methods, that is, sampuṭa, grathita (or grathana), grasta, samasta, vidarbhita (or vidarbhaṇa), ākranta, ādyanta, garbhastha, sarvatovṛta, yuktividarbha, and vidarbhagrathita. Among them, the grathana, saṃpuṭa, vidarbhaṇa, and grasta are used in the saptopāya of the Kakṣapuṭa.

(Source): Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra’

Reference.

https://www.wisdomlib.org/definition/saptopaya#shaivism

Distortion of Indian History, Education My Lecture at Leeds 18 May 2019


I will be delivering a lecture on Distortion of Indian History and Education on 18 May,2019 at Leeds,UK.

I had delivered a lecture on Our Forgotten Past in April at Bradford,UK.

Subsequently some question and Answer sessions were conducted on similar topics.

The present one on Distortion of Indian History and Education will be my concluding lecture in UK( for the time being.)

My heartfelt thanks to Shri Rajkamalbhai and Kishorebhai for their efforts in organising the event

For registration.

https://www.eventbrite.com/e/vichaar-manthan-presents-distortions-of-indian-history-and-education-tickets-61715454586?utm-medium=discovery&utm-campaign=social&utm-content=attendeeshare&utm-source=wa&utm-term=listing

.

Vichar Manthan.

Namaste. As mentioned in our Shakha last night, I am attaching information on a Vichaar Manthan event. VM is a new set up under the HSS (UK) umbrella. It already organises thought provoking talks and discussions in London Leicester and Manchester. This is a first for Leeds. We have a very interesting speaker so please do attend by registration through eventbrite. Places are limited. You can get more details by visiting the website

https://www.vichaarmanthan.org

Pranaam
Rajkamal.

Sonia Gandhi Illegal Registration As Voter Document


Sonia Gandhi,the driving force and the real President of the Congress Party voted illegally when she was not a citizen of India .

Her name in the voter list document in the image here below.


The Story.

Illegal registration as a voter:In January 1980, Indira Gandhi returned as Prime Minister. The first thing Sonia did was to enroll herself as a voter. This was a gross violation of the law, enough to cause cancellation of her visa [since she was admittedly an Italian citizen then]. There was some hullabaloo in the press about it, so the Delhi Chief Electoral Officer got her name deleted in 1982. But in January 1983, she again enrolled herself as a voter! Such is her revealed disdain for Indian laws and that is her mindset even today.

Source and citation.

https://www.quora.com/Why-should-people-hate-Sonia-Gandhi-so-much

Rahul Gandhi Director Backhops Ltd UK British Citizen Document Four Passports

Mr Gandhi had called himself “British” on the annual returns of a UK-based firm “Backops Limited”.


Rahul Gandhi,the Prime Minister aspirant ,India, had declared, in details furnished in UK,that he is a citizen of Britain.

Is he eligible to become the Prime Minister of India?

He has declared thus thrice,once there is overwriting on ‘Indian ‘citizen.

The story.

Rahul Gandhi had declared himself a British citizen in the registration papers of a private company in London, BJP leader Subramanian Swamy alleged today, a charge that the Congress has dismissed.

https://companycheck.co.uk/company/04874597/BACKOPS-LIMITED/companies-house-data

Mr Swamy today released documents along with his letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi demanding that the Congress vice president be stripped of his Indian citizenship and Parliamentary membership. The documents, he said, show that Mr Gandhi had called himself “British” on the annual returns of a UK-based firm “Backops Limited”. The 45-year-old Congress leader was the director and secretary of the company, according to the documents that the BJP leader said he had extracted from the company law authorities of Britain.’

BJP MP Subramanian Swamy, recently claimed that Rahul Gandhi has 4 passports, one in the name of Raul Vinci and has a chapel at home, during the event ‘India ka DNA Conclave’, organized by Zee News. The BJP leader further claimed that Congress President Rahul Gandhi does not have an M.Phil degree as he flunked his economics paper.

Check out this Link.

The company is now closed.

You can still get the information.

https://companycheck.co.uk/company/04874597/BACKOPS-LIMITED/companies-house-data

Reference and citation.

https://m.businesstoday.in/story/rahul-gandhi-has-4-passports-is-also-known-as-raul-vinci-subramanian-swamy/1/333949.html?utm_source=recengine&utm_medium=WAP&referral_sourceid=329765&referral_cat=Economy-and-Politics

http://activeindiatv.com/national-news-and-views/37726-rahul-gandhis-nationality-controversy-after-subramanian-swamy-releases-documents

First Thirukkural Malayalam Manuscript 1595 Before Tamil

The Annual Report of the Cochin Archeological Department for the year 1933–34 reported an unpublished manuscript of a Malayalam translation of the Tirukkural made in 1595.’


The poison of Linguistic chauvinism, bane of India, was started by the British and scrupulously followed by the Secularists of India.

One finds zealots who have been brainwashed thus incite passions based on Language and divide Bharatavarsha.

People do not realize that though there were fifty six major kingdoms in India since ancient times and Sanskrit enjoyed popularity and there were many languages in different parts of these kingdoms, no language or region was ridiculed or tgete was no religious chauvinism, though there are exceptions.

And the curious fact is that there was no National language or an official link language.

Parkrit was used in all the kingdoms and was de facto Link language.

People respected,enjoyed, promoted good literature.

Take the case of Thirukkural, the Great Tamil Ethical work by Thiruvalluvar, which has been translated into almost all world languages.

I personally value Thirukkural on par with Srimad Bhagavad Gita with a remark that Thirukkural contains Kama aspect of Human life as well, and makes it wholesome.

Now the curious fact is that Thirukkural was published ,as a manuscript, in Malayalam in 1595 much before Thirukkural’s publication in Tamil in 1812!

That is Bharatavarsha.

‘ Malayalam has seen the most number of Tirukkural translations than that of any other language in India. As of 2007, there are at least 21 translations of the Kural textavailable in Malayalam.

Malayalam also has the distinction of producing the first ever translation of the Kural text among the languages in India and the world at large. The Annual Report of the Cochin Archeological Department for the year 1933–34 reported an unpublished manuscript of a Malayalam translation of the Tirukkural made in 1595.

When was Thirukkural published in Tamil?

Save for the highly educated circle of scholars and elites outside the Tamil land, the Kural remained largely unknown to the outside world for close to one-and-a-half millennia. It had been passed on as word of mouth from parents to their children and from preceptors to their students for generations within the Tamil-speaking regions of South India.

It was not until 1595 when the first translation of the work appeared in

Malayalam that the work became known to the wider circle outside the Tamil-speaking communities. The work first came to print in 1812, with the Kural text getting published in Tamil, chiefly by the efforts of the then Collector of MadrasFrancis Whyte Ellis, who established the “Chennai Kalvi Sangam.”

Reference and citation.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tirukkuṛaḷ

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tirukkural_translations_into_Malayalam

Rome To Tamilakam Trade Route Description. 12000 Years Ago

With assistance from the monsoons, the voyage took forty days to reach the ports of Tamilakam or Ceylon. Pliny writes that if the monsoons were blowing regularly, it was a forty-day trip to Muziris[39] from Ocelis located at the entrance to the Red Sea from the south. He writes that the passengers preferred to embark at Bacare (Vaikkarai) in Pandya country, rather than Muziris, which was infested with pirates.


It is often assumed that Indian and Relations with Europe,especially with Italy, Greece began with the arrival of Alexander in India.

This is incorrect.

Trade relations between Greece and Vedic India are found during Vedic times, as evidenced in Vedas,Purans,Ranayana and Mahabharata.

Ionians were called as Yavanas.

Tamil Kings, Chera,Chola and Pandyas carried on trade relationship with Europe , the latest date being 87 BC.

This date has been arrived at by referring Western Sources Pliny , The Elder, Arrian and Strabo, Grrek Historians.

The point to be noted is that they declare that trade continued with Tamilakam during the Period of Augustus and not ‘it began from the time of Augustus’.

Fact that Tamilakam was described extensively in Greek literature,that Sanskrit and Tamil texts belonging to period earlier to 87 BC, more specifically by Silappadikaram.

Now Poompuhar which has been excavated in Tanil Nadu, which is referred to by ancient western writers, has been dated around 12000 years ago, , it is reasonable to propose that trade between Tamilakam / India and Rome/ West existed 12000 years ago, conservatively.

‘The trade route taken by ships from Rome to Tamilakam has been described in detail by the writers, such as Strabo and Pliny the Elder. Roman and Arab sailors were aware of the existence of the monsoon winds that blew across the Indian Ocean on a seasonal basis. A Roman captain named Hippalus first sailed a direct route from Rome to India, using the monsoon winds. His method was later improved upon by merchants who shortened the voyage by sailing due east from the port of Cana or Cape Guardafui, finding that by this way it was possible to go directly from Rome to Tamilakam. Strabo writes that every year, about the time of the summer solstice, a fleet of one hundred and twenty vessels sailed from Myos Hormos, a port of Egypt on the Red Sea, and headed toward India. With assistance from the monsoons, the voyage took forty days to reach the ports of Tamilakam or Ceylon. Pliny writes that if the monsoons were blowing regularly, it was a forty-day trip to Muziris[39] from Ocelis located at the entrance to the Red Sea from the south. He writes that the passengers preferred to embark at Bacare (Vaikkarai) in Pandya country, rather than Muziris, which was infested with pirates.

The ships returned from Tamilakam carrying rich cargo which was transported in camel trains from the Red Sea to the Nile, then up the river to Alexandria, finally reaching the capital of the Roman empire. Evidence of Tamil trading presence in Egypt is seen in the form of Tamil inscriptions on pottery in Red Sea ports.
Imports and exports

Fine muslins and jewels, especially beryls (vaiduriyam) and pearls were exported from Tamilakam for personal adornment. Drugs, spices and condiments as well as crape ginger and other cosmetics fetched high prices. Even greater was the demand for pepper which, according to Pliny, sold at the price of 15 denarii (silver pieces) a pound. Sapphire, called kurundham in Tamil, and a variety of ruby were also exported. The other articles exported from Tamilakam were ivory, spikenard, betel, diamonds, amethysts and tortoiseshell. The Greek and Arabic names for rice (Oryza and urz), ginger(Gingibar and zanjabil) and cinnamon (Karpion and quarfa) are almost identical with their Tamil names, arisi, inchiver and karuva.[41] The imports were mostly luxury items such as glass, gold and wine. Horses were imported from Arabia.

Reference and citation.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_ancient_Tamil_country#Foreign_trade