Brhadeswar Temple by Raja Raja Chola.jpg
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Banned Ancient Triptych Temples Mother Religion Sanatana Dharma


There is yet no proof that Atlantis.Gondwana,Lemuria did not exist.

Many western scholars, as Missionaries, have faked research papers to disprove their existence.

Reason, they wanted to justify the Bible!

How and why they went about this in a systematic manner I have written a few articles and I shall be posting more.

One technic is manipulation of the History as has been done to Indian History;another method is to fake interest in Non Christian Literature, then plant thoughts that had not been there, which would make people lose their faith in their texts,…

Another method is to Post date the archeological evidence.

But the arrival of Internet has made materials accessible  to everyone.

Those who have an  interest and a bit of knowledge about Culture and History can check ,cross reference and draw conclusions.

While the Christians tried and are still trying, to wipe out Hinduism, by manipulating History, Islam simply destroyed the Temples and things associated with Hinduism.

But what about Temples where the long strong-arm of Islam did not reach?

Fortunately for Hinduism, Sanatana Dharma has survived thanks to the Oral traditions of the Vedas and the ancient temples established throughout the world.

Those who have an eye that catches some thing distinct can discern that the ancient architectural remains of temples, what ever be the religion they have been falsely related to,have ancient temple architecture everywhere!

Look at the following Image, containing images of such Temples.

 

Temples found in various countries display Indian Temple architecture.jpg Temples found in various countries

Temples resembling Hindu Temples across the world.jpg Temples resembling Hindu Temples across the world.

For good measure throw a fancy name, Tripych( Three Doors) Temples,has been assigned to these similarities and they have been  cited as belonging to a Mother Civilization,Atlantis!

These types of temples have their origin in India and any one can see them today in India.

And Cambodia, Vietnam, Bali, Philippines,Indonesia,Thailand,US, Mexico,Honduras,Burma, Sri Lanka, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia,Italy…

Shiva temples in Mecca, Petra Jordan,Colarado..

Please read my articles on each of these.

I have also traced the origins of Gondwana and Atlantis… and that is

 

Sanatana Dharma!

The abundant occurrence of the Triptych across the ancient world is not a random coincidence. The Triptych represents more than merely an architectural element; the Triptych is the chief symbol of an advanced Universal Religion that was once shared globally in Antiquity, mainly by the pyramid cultures. The discovery of the Triptych provides, for the first time, conclusive evidence that ancient cultures worldwide shared the same spiritual beliefs. It also indicates that these cultures did not evolve independently, but were probably descended from the same more remote parent source.

Eight Mayan Triptych temples from various cities in the Yucatan Peninsula.jpg Eight Mayan Triptych temples from various cities in the Yucatan Peninsula.

The Universal Religion symbolized by the Triptych was banned in the West 2,000 years ago by the Catholic Church, but nonetheless it has continued into modern times, surviving in the beliefs of Secret Societies and their art and architecture. Look, for example, at the headquarters of the Freemasons, the Skull & Bones, the Shriners and the Knights of Pythias. Each building’s facade depicts an unmistakable Triptych pattern:

The abundant occurrence of the Triptych across the ancient world is not a random coincidence. The Triptych represents more than merely an architectural element; the Triptych is the chief symbol of an advanced Universal Religion that was once shared globally in Antiquity, mainly by the pyramid cultures. The discovery of the Triptych provides, for the first time, conclusive evidence that ancient cultures worldwide shared the same spiritual beliefs. It also indicates that these cultures did not evolve independently, but were probably descended from the same more remote parent source.

The Universal Religion symbolized by the Triptych was banned in the West 2,000 years ago by the Catholic Church, but nonetheless it has continued into modern times, surviving in the beliefs of Secret Societies and their art and architecture. Look, for example, at the headquarters of the Freemasons, the Skull & Bones, the Shriners and the Knights of Pythias. Each building’s facade depicts an unmistakable Triptych pattern:…

The Universal Religion shared by the ancients and hidden in these Secret Society Triptychs is a complex and detailed spiriUniversal religiontual belief system. Its tenets have been known throughout recent history by philosophers, poets, theologians, astronomers, alchemists and occultist—all of whom have been initiated into its wisdom.

The Universal Religion teaches that:

– Deep down each one of us is an eternal spiritual “soul”
– This soul is our real true immortal “Self”
– This Self is actually a divine “god” or deity with overreaching powers”

 

The problem is, we have amnesia of our immortal godhood Self (capital S) because it is covered up by our mortal animal bodily self (lowercase s) while we live our lives on earth.”

And what is this Religion?

Sanatna Dharma!

Citations.

http://grahamhancock.com/cassaror1/

Graham Hancock has done extensive research to prove the Sanatana Dharma origins.

For misinformation check.

http://humansarefree.com/2013/12/the-temples-of-atlantis-planetary.html

http://www.messagetoeagle.com/articles1/triptychtemplesatlantisnew.php#.VctvubKqqko

 

 

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Mexico Aztecs Followed Hinduism Caste System Upanayana


I had written on Aztecs , Mexico and in Central America.

I mentioned that the term Aztec ,

‘AZTEC OF MEXICO is derived from “worshipper of Ashtabhuja or Ashtak ( 8 armed ) ” , the eight armed God- found in Mexican temples.’

Hindu Trinity – Brahma- Vishnu- Shiva and the Mexican Trinity are Ho- Huitzilopochtli- Tlaloc …

The idols were represented with serpents round their heads, as for Lord Shiva.-basically raised Kundalini.

The Swastika sign of this area , seen on a “huaco” pot had with four dots inside, a Vedic sign .

The ancient American’s dresses (male and female) were simple and similar to those of Hindu dresses.

Aztec Kingdom. Aztec Kingdom.

Ayar Inoa King used to wear a turban, earring and a trishul type trident in his hand…

A festival called Sita-Ram (Situa – Raimi) was celebrated in Mexico during Nav-Ratri or Dussehra period which has been described on page 5867 in the book ‘Hamsworth History of the World’.  ( read my post0

Both in Central and South America, there are found Sati cremation, priesthood, gurukul system, yajna, birth, marriage and death ceremonies to some extent similar to the Hindus. When Pizarro killed Peruvian King Atahualpa his 4 wives committed Sati—or self sacrifice..

Caste system among Aztecs, AS in Hinduism.jpg Caste system among Aztecs, AS in Hinduism,

“From child-birth to cremation and Sati the Astecs observed almost all Hindu rituals including the Gurukula system of education followed in India. The Incas of Peru with Ayar Brahman ancestry observed the sacred thread ceremony, the ear-piercing ceremony all other Hindu rituals and rigidly observed the caste systems of India. It is not without reason that the Spanish author Lopez says in his book Le Races Aryans de Peru : “”Every page of peruvian poetry bears the imprint of Ramayana and Mahabharata.’..

People in Aztec society had clearly defined roles. These roles, along with social class, determined how Aztec men and women lived. Aztec society was organized into groups called calpullis (kahl-POOH-yees). A calpulli was a community of families that shared land, schools, and a temple. Each calpulli elected a leader who took orders from the king.

The Upper Class

Kings and Nobles

The king was the most important person in Aztec society. He lived in a great palace that had gardens, a zoo, and an aviary full of beautiful birds. Some 3,000 servants attended to his every need. Of these servants, 300 did nothing but tend to the animals in the zoo, and 300 more tended to the birds in the aviary! Other servants fed and entertained the emperor.

The king was in charge of law, trade and tribute, and warfare. These were huge responsibilities, and the king couldn’t have managed them without people to help. These people, including tax collectors and judges, were Aztec nobles. Noble positions were passed down from fathers to their sons. As a result, young nobles went to special schools to learn the responsibilities they would face as government officials, military leaders, or priests.

Priests and Warriors

Just below the king and his nobles were priests and warriors. Priests in particular had a great influence over Aztecs’ lives. They had many duties in society, including:

  • keeping calendars and deciding when to plant crops or perform ceremonies,
  • passing down Aztec history and stories to keep their tradition alive,
  • performing various religious ceremonies, including human sacrifice.

Aztec warriors also had many duties. They fought fiercely to capture victims for religious sacrifices. Partly because they played this role in religious life, warriors had many privileges and were highly respected. Warriors were also respected for the wealth they brought to the empire. They fought to conquer new lands and people, bringing more tribute and trade goods to enrich the Aztec civilization.

The Middle Class

Not really members of the upper class, merchants and artisans fell just below priests and warriors in Aztec society. Merchants gathered goods from all over Mesoamerica and sold them in the main market. By controlling trade in the empire, they became very rich. Many used their wealth to build large, impressive houses and to send their sons to special schools.

Like merchants, most artisans were also rich and important. They made goods like beautiful feather headdresseMachu pichuMachs and gold jewelry that they could sell at high prices. Many of the richest artisans lived in Tenochtitlan. Other artisans, who lived outside the capital and made items for everyday use, lived more like the lower class. Artisans from other tribes often sent crafts to the Aztecs as tribute.

The Lower Class

Farmers and slaves were in the lower class of Aztec society. However, some people could improve their lives and positions by becoming warriors in the army or studying at special schools.

Most of the empire’s people were farmers who grew maize, beans, and a few other crops. Farmers did not own their land, and they were very poor. They had to pay so much in tribute that they often found it tough to survive. Farmers lived outside Tenochtitlán in huts made of sticks and mud and wore rough capes.

No one in the Aztec Empire suffered as much as slaves did. Most of the slaves had been captured in battle or couldn’t pay their debts. Slaves had little to look forward to. Most were sold as laborers to nobles or merchants. Slaves who disobeyed orders were sacrificed to the gods.

Hinduism         Aztecs

Brahmins         Priests

Kshatriya        Kings/Warriors/Nobles( In Hindusim all the three are included in Kshatriya)

Vaisya            Merchants, Artisans,Farmers( Vaisya includes these sub groups)

Sudra              Slaves( Sudras were not treated as Slaves in Hinduism)

Citations.

https://mrgrayhistory.wikispaces.com/UNIT+9+-+AZTECS+%26+INCAS

http://vedicempire.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=25&Itemid=9

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/03/31/asthabuhjaeight-armed-devi-worshiped-in-mexico/

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Hinduism, Uncategorized

Pravaras Why Three Five Rishis


In Hinduism there is the practice of introducing oneself with reference to his ancestors.

It is logical to refer to oneself with them as it makes it easier to identify.

Without reference to them, we are not here, which many do not seem to acknowledge.

Brahmin Gotras.Jpg

Brahmin Gotras.

It is customary for Ancient Indian writers to refer either to parents or their preceptor/s, as they were placed in a Higher Status than parents,.

Thus we have the parent,Grand parent referred to in Slokas and Stuthis.

Vyaasam Vasishta Napthaaram, Sakthe Pauthra Kalmasham,

Parasaraathmajam Vande Sukha Naadham Thapo Nidhim-Vishnu Sahasra Naama.

Here the author Vyasa introduces himself as,,

Great Grand son of Vasishta,

Grand son of Sakthi,

Son of Parasara, and

Father of Sukha.

How logically the terms are arranged.

Great Grand Father, Grand Father, Father, Self and son!

For Guru reference,

Adi Shankaracharya never mentions himself directly in his works.

‘Sri Govinda Bhagavatpaada Sishya,’

Disciple of the Noble Govinda Bhagavatpaada”

This system has been in place from the early period of the Vedas.

The founders of the Humanity, as far as Hindu Texts go, are the Saptha Rshi, the Seven Sages , after whom the lineage is from.

And they are referred to in introducing oneself.

This system is called the Gotra.

This is patrilineal.

Then there is Pravara.

a Pravara (Sanskrit for “most excellent”) is a particular Brahmin’s descent from a rishi (sage) who belonged to their gotra (clan). In vedic ritual, the importance of the pravara appears to be in its use by the ritualist for extolling his ancestry and proclaiming, “as a descendant of worthy ancestors, I am a fit and proper person to do the act I am performing.” Generally, there are either three or five pravaras. The sacred thread yajnopavita worn on upanayana has close and essential connection with the concept of pravaras related to Brahmin gotra system. While tying the knots of sacred thread, an oath is taken in the name of each one of these three or five of the most excellent rishis belonging to one’s gotra.

The full affiliation of a brāhamana consists of (1)gotra, (2)sutra (of Kalpa), (3)shakha, (4)pravaras .

(Example :) A brahmana named ‘Rama’ introduces himself as follows : I am ‘Rama’, of Shrivatsa gotra, of Āpastamba sutra, of Taittiriya shākha of Yajurveda, of five pravaras named Bhārgava, Chyāvana, Āpnavan, Aurva and Jāmdagnya (This example is based upon the example given by Pattābhirām Shastri in the introduction to Vedārtha-Pārijata, cf. ref.).’

It may be noted in the Pravara,three or Five Rishis are mentioned.

For example, Kasyapa, Apasthara, Naithruva’

This is different from Kasyapa Gotra.

There is another Pravara for Kasyapa Gotra as well.

Kasyapa, Aavatsaara, Daivala.

The same with the other Rishis.

Sometimes three Rishis are mentioned and at times Five.

Why?

One view is that these references are to the excellent ancestors from the Gotra.

My view is that , if that be case the first Rishi should always be the founder.

But , as in Nythruva Kasyapa, Kasyapa does not appear as the First Rishi but it is Naithruva.

Reason is that many Rishis have more than one wife and many children through each of them.

Kasyapa had more than one wife.

The Prajapati Daksha gave his thirteen daughters (Aditi, Diti, Kadru, Danu, Arishta, Surasa, Surabhi, Vinata, Tamra, Krodhavasha,Idā, Vishva and Muni in marriage to Kashyapa.

Though the Father is one, mother differs.

To identify and emphasize the differentitae, the three or Five Rishis are mentioned.

Traditionally the first wife’s son carries the Father’s name as Gotra and the others the son of the Second or third wife and but to make the reference correct the founder is mentioned later in the Pravara.

The pravara identifies the association of a person with two, three (or sometimes five) of the above-mentioned rishis. It also signifies the Sutras contributed to different Vedas by those rishis.

For example, Kashyapa Gothram has 3 rishis associated with it viz. Kashyap, Nidruva and Avatsara

In a court case “Madhavrao vs Raghavendrarao” which involved a Deshastha Brahmin couple, the German scholar Max Mueller’s definition of gotra as descending from eight sages and then branching out to several families was thrown out by reputed judges of a Bombay High Court. The court called the idea of Brahmin families descending from an unbroken line of common ancestors as indicated by the names of their respective gotras and pravaras impossible to accept. The court consulted relevant Hindu texts and stressed the need for Hindu society and law to keep up with the times emphasizing that notions of good social behavior and the general ideology of the Hindu society had changed. The court also said that the mass of material in the Hindu texts is so vast and full of contradictions that it is almost an impossible task to reduce it to order and coherence.

 

Citation and Refeernce.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pravaras

For details of Pravaras  https://www.trsiyengar.com/termsandConditions.shtml

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Hinduism, Uncategorized

Lord Balaji Feet Thirumala Man Made?


The legends of India and Hinduism are at once mind boggling to the extent of testing one’s imagination and at the same time most of them are verifiable with facts from antiquity, Astronomical dating, Linguistics, Carbon Dating..

Sreevari Padaalu Thirumala.Image.jpg Lord Balaji Foot prints.Tirumala Hills, India

.We have Human settlements in India,in Chennai itself dating back to 1.07 Million years!

We have Bhimbedka rock inscriptions dating back to some 50,000 years.

Lord Balaji Face in Tirupathi Hills.jpg. Lord Balaji Face in Tirupathi Hills.

We have references to Tsunamis in Tamil Classics,which are now being accepted by science as Facts.

Mount Toba’s ashes settled in Jwalapuram, Kurnool, Andhra and this is dated again to antiquity.

We have the Nazca lines of Peru which resembles Shiva’s Trident.

Lord Krishan’s  son Pradhyumna built a city in Russia.

Lahore Pakistan was built by Lava, son of Lord Rama.

The Mayas and Incas followed the Agama procedure in building their Pyramids.

In the Middle east we have the Shiva Temple now called Mecca.

Also we have a Shiva temple in Petra Jordan.

The US is not far behind nor are the Americas.

The Central American countries followed Ramayana and even Andal’s Thiruppaavai.

Makara Sankaranthi was celebrated there.

And we have a Natural Vishnu temple in the Grand Canyon.

I have written on all these with authentic proof and Links.

About a couple of years back I posted an article that the Thirumala Hills in the Eastern ghats of India resemble the face of Lord Venkateswara of Tirupati.

I also posted some articles on some strange happenings in Tirupati which defy reason.

Mind you these have been documented.

Now as the Deccan Plateau is one of the oldest landmass of the earth and it has a natural arch, I checked whether  I could find any information geologically in support of the Legend of Lord Balaji.

In the process I came across information that Lord Venkaestwara’s Feet are to be found in the Thirumala Hills.

And people worship this.

Though I had been to Tirupati many times I never knew of this.

 


Srivari Padalu:

According to Vedas/Puranas ‘Srivari Padalu’ is the place where Lord Venkateswara Swamy first set his feet on one of the seven hills namely ‘Narayanagiri’. The footprint of the Lord is available in this place to the pilgrims with restricted access by T.T.D so that they cannot touch the foot prints. Pilgrims have to climb 300 odd steps to reach this divine spot from where a beautiful top view of the temple town ‘Tirumala’ is very delightful to watch.

 

Location: Srivari Padalu , Tirumala

 

Distance: 6 Km from Tirumala Bus stand

 

Timings: 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM

 

Address:
Srivari Padalu,
Narayanagiri Road,Tirumala,
Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh
India

What about the History of the Easten Ghat of which the Thirumala forms a part along with six other Hills?

The Eastern Ghats are older than the Western Ghats, and have a complex geologic history related to the assembly and breakup of the ancient supercontinent of Rodinia and the assembly of the Gondwana supercontinent.

The Eastern Ghats are made up of charnockites, granite gneiss, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses and quartzite rock formations. The structure of the Eastern Ghats includes thrusts and strike-slip faults[2] all along its range. Limestone, bauxiteand iron ore are also found in the Eastern Ghats hill ranges.

The Eparchaean Unconformity of the Tirumala Hills is a major discontinuity of stratigraphic significance that represents an extensive period of erosion and non-deposition. It is seen at the steep natural slopes, road scars and ravines in the Tirupati– Tirumala Ghat road in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh.

Which individual has gone up to the top of the Thirumala hills  to sculpt Two Feet  only to propagate Hinduism and Lord Venkateswara?

And what did he get out of this?

 

Citation.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Ghats

http://tourism.intirupati.com/place/srivari-padalu/

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Uncategorized

Breast Developers Face Pack Cosmetology Ancient India Tips


One is inundated with advertisements in TV about Hair fall Cures, Pimples,Acne and other cosmetics for Men and Women.

That they are harmful, I have posted a detailed article.

These make up preparations are not new to India.

Cosmetology Ancient India.Book.Image.jpg Cosmetology Ancient India.

Sanskrit and Tamil literature  abound in details on this subject and practical tips are available.

A Sample.

Lip balm / lip salve

“Cracked lips, besides being painful, spoil the beauty of the face. The following remedy was recommended in such cases – “If the rind of Bel fruit (Aegle marmelos Corr.) is levigated (i.e. powdered and mixed) in a woman’s milk and the paste thus prepared is applied to the cracked lips, within 10 days the cracking will stop and the cracks will heal[5].”

Skin lightning and exfoliating scrub

A fair skin has always been an attraction for Indians. The following paste used to be applied to the body to make the skin a shade or two lighter and give it a natural glow – “Pound together The root of Kosta [Kooth or Kushtha, English name: Costus.][6] (Saussurea lappa Clarke.), Til seeds (Sessamum indicum Linn.), the leaves of Sirisa (Albizzia lebbek Benth.), the leaves of Chopda (Pongamia pinnata Pierr.), the wood ofDevdar (Cedrus deodara Roxb.) and the wood of Zadali Haled (Berberis aristata DC.) Roast this mixture between dried cakes of Buffalo dung, then take it out and grind it properly to a fine powder. If the paste made from this compound is applied to the body for three consecutive days, the above mentioned desired results will be obtained”.

Cure for dandruff

“Pound khas-khas seeds (Papaver somniferum Linn.) in milk and apply to the scalp. It will cure dandruff”.[5]

Rejuvenation process (Kayakalpa)

A very famous rejuvenation treatment called Kayakalpa used to be practiced. The meaning of the word is to make a person look young, bring about a change in the color of the hair and texture of the skin, improve the eyesight and so forth. “Take equal quantities of Kadunimba (Azadirachta indica Juss.) leaves, Maka (Eclipta alba Haask.) leaves, Mundi [Gorakhmundi]  (Sphaeranthus indicus Linn.) leaves, Nirgundi [Nagoda, Nirgundi and Nirgunda (Vitex negundo Linn.)leaves and Vova (Carum copticum Benth.) leaves.

Dry all the 5 ingredients in the shade. Then powder this mixture. Take internally two pinches of this powder twice a day. While the subject is under this treatment, the diet should mainly consist of milk and rice only. Quite soon the person will look younger, the skin will become lustrous and even the grey hair will turn black”.

Depilatory

The presence of hair on arms, face, legs and pubic area, was considered an eyesore, and certain formulae were practiced to remove them.

“Pound together dried fruits of Aavalakatti (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) and dried fruits of Pimpali (Piper longum Linn.). Soak this mixture in the milky latex of Nivadunga (Cactus: Euphorbia nivulia Ham.) If this compound is applied to the desired place, the hair from that area will fall off”.[5]

Breast developers

“Powder together the root of Aswagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal.), the fruit of Gajapimpali(Scindapsus officinalis Schott.), the root of Kosta (Saussurea lappa Clarke.), and the rhizomes of Vekhanda[Vekhanda, English name: Sweet flag. (Acorus calamus Linn.). To this powder add butter made from buffalo’s milk and massage the bust with this medicated butter. This will increase the bustline and make it firm and shapely”.

Some more formulae from other sources, earlier than 18th and 19th cent A.D. include the following:

Face pack

“Take Masura—a lentil common in India (Lens culinaris Medic.) and pound with Madhu (Honey). The paste so prepared, rubbed for seven nights, gives the splendor of the petals of the white lotus flower to the face”.

Cure for pimples

“The application of plaster composed of Kustumburu [Dhana, Dhania, English name: Coriander](Coriandrum sativum Linn.), Vacha or Vekhanda (Acorus calamus Linn.), Lodhra [Lodhar, Lodhra. English name: The Lodh tree] (Symplocos racemosa Roxb.) and Kushtha or Kosta (Saussurea lappa Clarke.) pasted together is also recommended for curing pimples”

Mouth freshener

I quote a verse translated from Sanskrit: “Oh! beautiful damsel, make fragrant quickly, Poog-phala i.e.Supari or Betel nut (Areca catechu Linn.), for rulers of the earth (Kings) by mixing together Kushtha(Saussurea lappa Linn.), Tagara (Valeriana wallichii DC.), Jatiphala (Myrstica fragrans Houtt.), Karpoora(Cinnamomum camphora Nees and Eberm.), Lavanga (Syzygium aromaticum Merrill and Perry.) and Ela(Ellettaria cardamomum Maton)”

Cure for lice and nits

“On tying the head with a piece of cloth dipped in the juice of Phanivalli (Piper betel Linn.) or ‘Paan” leaves, to which has been added Paratda (Mercury), lice and nits would be finished off.

General hair remedy and cure for the prematurely graying

“Juice of Bhringaraja or Maka (Eclipta alba Hassk.), together with Lohakitta (Iron-rust: Non-botanical. Iron oxide, normally Red oxide.), Phalatrikam or Triphala = Collection of three fruits, viz. Harada [Hirda, English name: Chebulic myrobalan (Terminalia chebula retz.), Beheda [Behada, English name: Belleric myrobalan][6] (Terminalia bellerica retz.) and Avala [Amla, English name: Emblic myrobalan (Phyllanthus emblica Gaertn.), cooked in oil when applied (to the scalp), would cure dandruff, itching, alopecia and would also darken the hair, which have become grey prematurely.

Deodorant powder

“The powder from the barks of Sahakara [Aam, Amba, English name: Mango][17] (Mangifera indica Linn.) tree and Dadima [Dadim, Dalimba; English name: Pomegranate][17] (Punica granatum Linn.) tree, mixed with Shankha (Fragrant Shell) powder and applied to the relevant part of the body, removes bad odour. The powder made of Chincha (Tamarindus indica Linn.) and Karanja (Pongamia glabra Vent.) seeds, if applied also removes bad odour.[19,20]

Examples of above given formulae serve to give some idea of Ancient Indian researchers and their contribution to Indian Medical Lore.

The research involved in this work was to compile the cosmetic formulae from various sources and then to find the proper equivalent botanical names for the Sanskrit and Prakrit terminologies (For the ingredients used in the formulae). This was done with the help of native people and experienced vaidyas in South India and Maharashtra. Identification was done by studying the properties of the plant and if these plant names were the actual ingredients used.

Some of the formulae are still in use by some rural women in the interiors of India. Some formulae are in use even today by vaidyas practicing the Ayurveda branch of medicine.

This study forms mainly an ethnobotanical contribution to our knowledge and is hoped that it forms the basis for further chemical, clinical and allied investigations in the cosmetic and therapeutic aspects of the Indian botanicals.

REFERENCES

1. Lal BB. The Saraswati Flows on: The Continuity of Indian Culture. 2002.
2. Mahabharata (Critical Edition) Pune: Bhandarkar Oriental Reseach Institute. Viratparva. Chap.3:17, 8:16, Aadiparva. Chap.213:44.
3. Lad GP. Archeology and Mahabharata. Pune: Deccan College Postgraduate Research Institute; 1978. Part I.
4. Patkar KB, Bole PV. Herbal cosmetics in ancient India with a treatise on planta cosmetica. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Mumbai, India Mumbai: World Wide Fund for Nature; 1997.
5. Rao SA. In: Sri Sarabhendra Vaidya Ratnavali. Krishnaswami Mahadick., editor. Saraswati Mahal Library: Tanjore; 1952. p. 277. 351,354,359,381.
6. Mukerji B. The Indian Pharmaceutical Codex-Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. New Delhi: 1953. pp. 223–228.
7. Rao KV. Contributions to the Study of Economic plants. Study of vegetable drugs sold on pavements of Bombay. 1967:256. (In two Volumes)
8. Watson JF. In: Index to the native and scientific names of economic plants. Eyre GE, Spottiswoods W, editors. London: 1866. p. 412.
9. Anon.- Maharashtra State Gazetteer. Vol.A. Mumbai: Bot Gen Miscellaneous Plants-Govt Printing Press; 1961. p. 84. Part III.
10. Mishra J. Shri Kamaratnam-Nityanath virachitam (13th Century. A.D.) Kalyan, Mumbai: Lakshmi-Venkateswar Press Prakashan; 1897. p. 93. Chap.5:60.
11. Nadkarni KM. Indian plants and drugs with their medicinal properties and uses. Norton and Co. Madras: 1910. p. 120.
12. Bhishagaratna KL. An English translation of Sushruta-Samhita (176-340 A.D)–The Chokhamba Sanskrit series office, Varanasi (In three Volumes) 1963:455. Chapter 20:37.5.
13. Bhishagaratna KL. Atridev – Vagbhat.- Ashtang Hridaya-Shri Vagbhat virachita (Later half of 5th Cen A.D.) Varanasi: Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series Office; 1962. p. 564. Chapter 32.3.
14. Sharma T. Nagarasarvaswam-Padmashri virachit (10th Cen.A.D.) Manilal Desai, Fort, Mumbai: 1921. p. 13. Chapter 4:11.
15. Sambashiva SK. Haramekhala-Mahuka virachi. 1936:47. (9th Cen. A.D). Chapter 1(4):18.
16. Watt G. The Commercial Products of India-John Murray. London: Albomarle Street, W; 1908. p. 68.
17. Khory RN. The Bombay Materia Medica And Their Therapeutics. Mumbai: Ranina’s Union Press; 1887. p. 479.p. 226.p. 303.
18. Gaud K. Sharangadhara – samhita – Sharangadharacharya virachita (14th Cen. A.D.) Lucknow: Tejjkumar; 1967. p. 419. Chapter 2(9):161,162.
19. Bhagirathaswami-Ratirahasya-Koka kavi virachita (13th Cen.A.D.)-Lohia S.C. 195/2. Harison Road, Calcutta: 1930. p. 236. Chapter 15:84.
20. Upadhyaya SC. Ratirahasya (13th Cen. A.D.) Mumbai: D.R. Taraporevala Sons and Co. Pri. Ltd; 1965. p. 96. Chapter 15:84.
Citation.
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