Tamil Classics of the Sangam era speak of Three Conclaves of Poets (Tamil Sangam)
According to Tamilian legends, there were three Sangam periods, namely Head Sangam, Middle Sangam and Last Sangam period. Historians use the term Sangam period to refer the last of these, the first two being legendary. So it is also called Last Sangam period (Tamil: கடைச்சங்க பருவம், Kaṭaissanka paruvam , or Third Sangam period (Tamil: மூன்றாம் சங்க பருவம், Mūnṟām sanka paruvam . The Sangam literature is thought to have been produced in three Sangam academies of each period. The evidence on the early history of the Tamil kingdoms consists of the epigraphs of the region, the Sangam literature, and archaeological data.
Approximately during the period between 400 BC to AD 200, Tamilakam was ruled by the three Tamil dynasties of Pandya, Cholaand Chera, and a few independent chieftains, the Velir.(wiki)
*In the Light of new evidence indicating that Poompuhar, Chola Port being dated by about 20,000 years ago,
Million year old Tamil site being found in Chennai and more evidence both archaeological in India and abroad,
The Tamils being considered as the forerunners of the MU civilization, which was in the periphery of Lemuria and
Tamils being the forerunners of the Olmechs who predate the Incas and Mayas,
the date of the Sangam needs revision.
The first Sangam was conducted in Then Madurai(South Madurai)
Present Madurai, Tamil Nadu is different.
the unexcavated tomb of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China, and numerous other pyramids and burial mounds; and the underwater ruins of Nan Madol that surround Pohnpei Island.THEN Madurai?
Thenmadurai was the capital of the Pandya Kings.
Meenakshi , the presiding deity of the present Madurai was a Queen of Madurai.
Her husband was Sundareswara, who is considered to be an Avatar of Shiva.
Meenakshi’s father Malathdwaja Pandyan participated in the Mahabharata War at Kurukshetra as an ally of the Pandavas.
Lord Krishna attended Tamil Sangam and he married a Pandyan Princess and had a daughter whom he got married to a Pandyan Prince, and
we have facts that tell us Parashurama, Balarama, Karna,Arjuna, Vidhura,and Agastya visited south Dravida Desa.
Rama’s ancestor Vaivaswatah Manu lived in the Dravida desa and migrated to Ayodhya because of a tsunami recorded in Tamil classics,Puranas, Ramayana, Mahabharta and in foreign sources.
Foreign sources call this as the Great Flood and this finds reference in Christianity , Judaism and the legends of all civilizations of the world.
Manu, before migrating to Ayodhya meditated in Madagascar.
The present South Indian land mass seems to be only a fraction of the original land of the Dravidas.
The Land mass is being identified as Lemuria and there was another surrounding Lemuria which was also occupied by the Dravidas.
*It has to borne in mind that, while studying about such vast stretches of Time, the present land mass we have in India has no relevance to it.
Because of tectonic movements, India was at one point of time near the Arctic, where the rig Veda was composed.
Please check my article on this and also for all the statements I have made in this article.
So Dravida desa was in Lemuria and MU.
Tamil Kings ruled from there.
The Tamil Nadu Kings List runs to thousands of years.
‘The earliest explicit discussion of a katalkol(“seizure by ocean”, possibly tsunami) of Pandyan land is found in a commentary on Iraiyanar Akapporul. This commentary, attributed to Nakkeerar, is dated to the later centuries of the 1st millennium CE. It mentions that the Pandyan kings, an early Tamil dynasty, established three literary academies (Sangams): the first Sangam flourished for 4,400 years in a city called Tenmaturai, attended by 549 poets (including Agastya) and presided over by gods like Shiva, Kubera and Murugan. The second Sangam lasted for 3,700 years in a city called Kapatapuram, attended by 59 poets (including Agastya, again). The commentary states that both the cities were “seized by the ocean”, resulting in loss of all the works created during the first two Sangams. The third Sangam was established in Uttara (North) Madurai, where it is said to have lasted for 1,850 years.
The early Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas were ruling from there.
There is a view that the Cholas came much later and this needs further research.
This landmass had,
Nakkeerar’s commentary does not mention the size of the territory lost to the sea. The size is first mentioned in a 15th-century commentary on Silappatikaram. The commentator Adiyarkunallar mentions that the lost land extended from Pahruli river in the north to the Kumari river in the South. It was located to the south of Kanyakumari, and covered an area of 700 kavatam (a unit of unknown measurement). It was divided into 49 territories (natu), classified in the following seven categories:
- Elu teñku natu (“Seven coconut lands”)
- Elu Maturai natu (“Seven mango lands”)
- Elu munpalai natu (“Seven front sandy lands”)
- Elu pinpalai natu (“Seven back sandy lands”)
- Elu kunra natu (“Seven hilly lands”)
- Elu kunakarai natu (“Seven coastal lands”)
- Elu kurumpanai natu (“Seven dwarf-palm lands”)’
Lemuria had an area of 34 million Square Miles and its western boundary touched the present Greece.
Lemuria( in my opinion Lemuria is different from Kumarikandam, please read my article on this) had three major rivers, Pahruli, Nadu aaru and Peraaru( River is called Aaru in Tamil and major mountain ranges included the Malayamarutha and Kandhamanatha .
Please check my article Manu meditated in Madagascar where I have explained how the eastern and western ghats of the present Tamil Nadu reach up to Madagascar.
Then Madurai was a part of Dravida desa and the Pandyas ruled from there.
First Tamil Sanagm was conducted in Then Madurai.
‘ the first Sangam flourished for 4,400 years in a city called Tenmaturai, attended by 549 poets (including Agastya) and presided over by gods like Shiva, Kubera and Murugan. The second Sangam lasted for 3,700 years in a city called Kapatapuram, attended by 59 poets (including Agastya, again). The commentary states that both the cities were “seized by the ocean”, resulting in loss of all the works created during the first two Sangams. The third Sangam was established in Uttara (North) Madurai, where it is said to have lasted for 1,850 years.’
When Lemuria submerged during first Tamil Sangam, Then Madurai also got submerged.
Madurai is called as Naan Maada Koodal, city of Skyscrapers.
The traditional explanation of Naan Maada Koodal is what I have stated above.
The term Koodal is Tamil also means union , as in Husband and wife and also where Oceans meet.
In my opinion Koodal means where Oceans meet and this becomes clearer when one sees the landmass of Lemuria.
So, the present Madurai, Tamil Nadu could not have been the Then Madurai.
Then Madurai , in my opinion was called Koodal, where Oceans meet.
The present Madurai is also called as Koodal managar, remnant of History.
Now archaeologists have excavated a Town from under the sea in Micronesia.
It is called ,Naan Madol!
Nan Madol is a ruined city adjacent to the eastern shore of the island of Pohnpei that was the capital of the Saudeleur Dynasty until about 1628.It is in the present day Madolenihmw district of Pohnpei state, in the Federated States of Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. The city, constructed in a lagoon, consists of a series of small artificial islands linked by a network of canals.The site core with its stone walls encloses an area approximately 1.5 km long by 0.5 km wide and it contains nearly 100 artificial islets—stone and coral fill platforms—bordered by tidal canals.
The name Nan Madol means “spaces between” and is a reference to the canals that crisscross the ruins. The original name was Soun Nan-leng (Reef of Heaven), according to Gene Ashby in his book Pohnpei, An Island Argosy. It is often called the “Venice of the Pacific”.
Today Nan Madol forms an archaeological district covering more than 18 km² and includes the stone architecture built up on a coral reef flat along the shore of Temwen Island, several other artificial islets, and the adjacent Pohnpei main island coastline. The site core with its stone walls encloses an area approximately 1.5 km long by 0.5 km wide containing nearly 100 artificial islets—stone and coral fill platforms—bordered by tidal canals.
Carbon dating indicates that the construction of Nan Madol began around 1200 AD, while excavations show that the area may have been occupied as early as 200 BC. Some probable quarry sites around the island have been identified, but the exact origin of the stones of Nan Madol is yet undetermined. None of the proposed quarry sites exist in Madolenihmw, meaning that the stones must have been transported to their current location. It has been suggested that they were floated via raft from the quarry, and a short dive between the island and the quarries shows a trail of dropped stones. However, no one has successfully demonstrated or explained the process. Some modern Pohnpeians believe the stones were flown to the island by use of black magic.
In 1985 the ruins of Nan Madol were declared a National Historical Landmark. Currently, a greater effort is being made to preserve them’
I postulate that Then Madurai was a part of Lemuria and it is now found as Naan Madol
and it was located near Australia in Micronesia.
References and citations.