Date Of Buddha 9000 BC?

FeaturedBuddha Quote.image

Archeological findings unearthed recently in Tamil Nadu  shake up traditional historical dates assigned to many events in India.

The finding of Poompuhar,Kaverippommpattinam,Tamil Nadu on the shores off Tamil date pushes the date of Poompuhar by at least 14,000 years.

In fact this can be as far back by 30,000 years.

The place is called Poompuhar. It lies on southeast India’s Coromandel coast facing the Bay of Bengal between modern Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. Its immediate offshore area has been the subject of marine archaeological investigations by India’s National Institute of Oceanography since the 1980’s — and numerous non-controversial finds of man-made structures dated between the third century AD and the third century BC have been made in the “inter-tidal zone” close to shore at depths down to 6 feet (approximately 2 metres).

These finds of structures in shallow water (some so shallow that they are exposed at low tide) have been quite widely written-up in the archaeological literature. But for some reason other discoveries that the NIO has made in deeper water off Poompuhar have attracted no attention at all. Most notably these other discoveries include a second completely separate group of structures fully three miles from the Poompuhar shore in water that is more than 70 feet (23 metres) deep. The lack of interest is surprising because to anyone with even minimal knowledge of post-glacial sea-level rise their depth of submergence is – or should be – highly anomalous. Indeed according to Glenn Milne’s sea-level data the land on which these structures were built last stood above water at the end of the Ice Age more than 11,000 years ago.

Is it a coincidence that there are ancient Tamil flood myths that speak of a great kingdom that once existed in this area called Kumari Kandam that was swallowed up by the sea? Amazingly the myths put a date of 11,600 years ago on these events — the same timeframe given by Plato for the end of Atlantis in another ocean.’

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2017/07/06/tamil-sangam-dates-4140-to-14000-bc/

Silappadikaram refers to Buddhism in detail and the author Ilango Adigal,brother of Chera King,Cheran Chenguttuvan,was a Buddhist monk.

The authorship of Silappatikaram is credited to the pseudonym Ilango Adigal (“Prince-Ascetic”). He is reputed to be the brother of Chera king Senguttuvan, although there is no evidence in the Sangam poetries that the famous king had a brother. There are also claims that Ilango Adigal was a contemporary of Sattanar, the author of Manimekalai..The prologues of each of these books tell us that each were read out to the author of the other [Silappatikaram, pathigam 90]. From comparative studies between Silappatikaram and certain Buddhist and Jain works such as Nyayaprakasa, the date of Silappatikaram has been determined to be around the fifth and the sixth centuries CE’

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silappatikaram

Manimekalai ,another epic of Tamil is also Buddhist in approach and is believed to have been composed around the same time as that of Silappadikaram.

These texts have been assigned between fifth and sixth century BC.

Poompuhar remains Tamil Nadu,India.image
Poompuhar remains Tamil Nadu,India.

However,as most of the events narrated in Silappadikaram take place in Poompuhar,called Kaverippommpatinam then,and Poompuhar’s date can be pushed back by 14,000 years at least,Silappatikaram can be dated around the same time.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/03/02/poompuhar-find-sets-tamilhinduism-by-atleast-20000-years/

More important is the fact that Silappatikaram refers to Buddhism extensively.

This implies Buddhism,The Buddha should be dated 11,000 years back.

But the current date assigned to Buddha is,

Scholars are hesitant to make unqualified claims about the historical facts of the Buddha’s life. Most accept that he lived, taught and founded a monastic order during the Mahajanapada era during the reign of Bimbisara (c. 558 – c. 491 BCE, or c. 400 BCE’

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gautama_Buddha

How and Why?

*The archeological finding related here and more dates arrived at based on Archeology makes one ponder over the present dates assigned to ancient history and our present concept of Time and Multiverses.

I have written on these issues under Hinduism,Astronomy,Physics.e

I am aware that the date arrived for Buddha places him before Ramayana.

It is interesting to note that many Buddhist concepts are found in the Bhagavad Gita.

Shall be writing on this.

Featured Image Credit.

http://soulwritings.ca/tag/miracles/page/2/

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Sangam Tamils Prepared Biriyani Used Barbeque

FeaturedKarikal Chozhan and Grand Anicut built by him. Image.

Evolution of Cuisine takes a long time to evolve.

The edible are to be found by trial and error,

The combination of the ingredients is to arrived at,

Whether is healthy and nourishing is to be ascertained,

The food has to suit the environment.

This takes time,even hundreds of years to arrive at a standard cuisine.

Cuisine is an identifying mark of Culture.

I have written on the Food Habits of the Vedic people.

I am studying the Cuisine of Tamils as foundin the Sangam Classics,which are asigned around 3000BC.

The term ‘Cuisine’ is from the Tamil word Kusini,குசினி.

My view is that this date can be pushed back,at a conservative estimate,by 11,000 years.

Please read my articles on this.

I am providing details of the fact that the ancient Tamils cooked Biriyani and used Barbecue style of cooking.

They also mastered the art of making different kinds of Liquor.

I shall write in detail about the food habits,methods of preparation of ancient Tamils separately

Here I shall deal with Biriyani,which we consider as a Mughal Innovation and Barbecue,a western method.

Tamil Sangam classics is a record of the lifestyle of the Tamils.

I had,in another article,Lemuria,Home of Tamils 230 Million years old,about the literary works of Sangam period.

Among these is Porunaraatrupadai,the Path traveled by the Warriors.

Aatrupadai means ‘setting the right Course’

Just as River has to be channelised by erecting bunds,dams,life should be regulated to have a meaning.

Aatrupadai chronicles of events and sets standard of behaviour.

Porunaraatrupadai describes,among others,the feast hosted by Karikal Chozhan.

Karikala was a Chola king who ruled in southern during the Sangam Period.He is recognised as the greatest of the early Chola.

He hosted a feast,which included ‘ஊன் சோறு ‘

This is the modern Mutton Biriyani.

Also he used Barbecue method to cook meat,by stringing meat in an iron rod and roasted it by indirect Fire.

சோழநாட்டு மன்னனான கரிகாலன், தன்னை நாடி வந்த பொருநனுக்கும் அவனைச் சேர்ந்தவர்களுக்கும் உணவளித்த திறம் பொருநர் ஆற்றுப்படையில் பின்வருமாறு பேசப்பட்டுள்ளது:


பொருநர் அரண்மனையை அடைந்தவுடன் பணிப்பெண்டிர், பருகியவரை மயங்கச் செய்யும் மகிழை (கள்ளை)ப் பொற்கலங்களில் வார்த்துத் தந்தனர் (அடி, 84-88). பொருநர் அதனை உண்டு, வந்த களைப்பைப் போக்கிக்கொண்டனர். கொழுத்த செம்மறிக்கிடாயின் இறைச்சித்துண்டங்கள் சில, இரும்புக் கம்பியில் கோத்துச் சுடப்பட்டன; வேறு சில இறைச்சி வகைகள், வேகவைக்கப்பட்டன; பல வடிவங்களில் அமைத்த பல்வேறு இனிப்புச் சுவையுடைய பண்ணியாரங்கள் (தின்பண்டங்கள்) வைக்கப்பட்டன. முல்லை அரும்பை ஒத்த மெல்லிய அரிசிச்சோறும் படைக்கப்பட்டது. பாலைக் காய்ச்சி அதனோடு கூட்டின பொரிக்கறிகளும் வைக்கப்பட்டன (அடி, 103-116). பிரியா விடைபெறும்பொழுது இனியபூ (குங்குமப்பூ) மணக்கின்ற தேறல் (கள் தெளிவு) பருகத் தரப்பட்டது (அடி, 157).’
Source. http://www.varalaaru.com/design/article.aspx?ArticleID=543

கதுமெனக் கரைந்து வம்மெனக் கூஉய்

அதன்முறை கழிப்பிய பின்றைப் பதனறிந்து
துராஅய் துற்றிய துருவையம் புழுக்கின்
பராஅரை வேவை பருகெனத் தண்டிக்
காழிற் சுட்ட கோழூன் கொழூங்குறை … 105

ஊழின் ஊழின் வாய்வெய் தொற்றி
அவையவை முனிகுவ மெனினே சுவைய
வேறுபல் லுருவின் விரகுதந் திரீஇ
மண்ணமை முழவின் பண்ணமை சீறியாழ்
ஒண்ணுதல் விறலியர் பாணி தூங்க …. 110

மகிழ்ப்பதம் பன்னாட் கழிப்பி யருநாள்
அவிழ்ப்பதங் கொள்கென் றிரப்ப முகிழ்த்தகை
முரவை போகிய முரியா அரிசி
விரலென நிமிர்ந்த நிரலமை புழுக்கல்
பரல்வறைக் கருனை காடியின் மிதப்ப … 115

Source. http://ilakkiyam.com/iyal/52-tamil/iyal/sangailakkiyam/pathinenmerkanaku/pathupattu/3784-porunaraatrupadai

Featured image credit. http://www.ajithkumar.cc/history/karikala-chola-the-chola-king-the-greatest-visionary/attachment/karikaala-cholan/http://www.ajithkumar.cc/history/karikala-chola-the-chola-king-the-greatest-visionary/attachment/karikaala-cholan/

Tamil Sangam Dates 4140 to 14,000 BC

Featured

Dates assigned to Events,persona and literature of India are undergoing a thorough overall ,thanks to new findings in Archaeology Anthropological research,new advanced technics and simulated software of ancient events.

The dates of the following have been pushed back and Indian Ithihasas,Ramayana and Mahabharatha have been found to be recorded History.

Rig Veda ,by 50,000 years,

Ramayana placed at 5114 BC,

Mahabharatha, at 3000 BC.

* for the anomalies of dates in Ramayana,which the Puranas say had happened about a million years ago and Mahabharatha did happen thousands of years later to Ramayana,Ramayana had taken place in Tretha Yuga and Mahabharatha during Dwapara Yuga,please check my article Rama’s Death precedes Krishna’s by 200 years?

And many more arbitrarily assigned dates have been revised.

Now to another ancient Culture and Language ofcIndia,Tamil.

Tamils have a hoary past and they have been referred to in the Vedas,Puranas ,Ramayana and Mahabharatha.

They were a powerful maritime power and references are made by Ancient Greek Historians including Periplus and Roman records the presence of Tamils in Roman Empire and the Romans had a colony of their own in Musiri,Tamil Nadu.

The ancient grammar book available,Tholkappiyam speaks of land extending up to 7000 miles from Kanya Kumari to The South,which is somewhere near New Zealand.

Sage Agastya,the co founder of Tamil along with Lord Shiva is found in New Zealand and Micronesia.

Shiva, the Primary Deity of the Tamils is worshipped by the Aborigines of Australia.

Sage Agastya’s date is confirmed by Astronomy,Star Canopus.

Tamil records speak of Three Conclaves of Poets in Tami Land.

These were called Tamizh Sangam..

Nakkīrar describes three “Sangams” (caṅkam) spanning thousands of years. The first Sangam (mutaṟcaṅkam)mudharchangam is described as having been held at “the Madurai which was submerged by the sea”, lasted a total of 4400 years, and had 549 members, which supposedly included some gods of the Hindu pantheon such as SivaKubera and Murugan. A total of 4449 poets are described as having composed songs for this Sangam. There were 89 Pandiya kings starting from Kaysina valudi to Kadungon were decedents and rulers of that period..The grammar followed in the first sangam was agattiyam. The poems composed were Paripaadal, mudunarai, mudukurugu, kalariyavirai. If credence is given to the commentary of Irayanar Ahapporul, the beginning of sangam should be placed somewhere in 9000 BC.’

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_Sangams

Silappadikaram,one of the Five Epics ,which came later to Sangam period is dated at 1 AD.

Recent excavations of Poompuhar,which was called Kaverippoompattinam date pushes it back by 11,000 years.

The date of Poompuhar artifact was arrived at and verified by  Glenn Milne Sea Level changes.

The place is called Poompuhar. It lies on southeast India’s Coromandel coast facing the Bay of Bengal between modern Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. Its immediate offshore area has been the subject of marine archaeological investigations by India’s National Institute of Oceanography since the 1980’s — and numerous non-controversial finds of man-made structures dated between the third century AD and the third century BC have been made in the “inter-tidal zone” close to shore at depths down to 6 feet (approximately 2 metres).

These finds of structures in shallow water (some so shallow that they are exposed at low tide) have been quite widely written-up in the archaeological literature. But for some reason other discoveries that the NIO has made in deeper water off Poompuhar have attracted no attention at all. Most notably these other discoveries include a second completely separate group of structures fully three miles from the Poompuhar shore in water that is more than 70 feet (23 metres) deep. The lack of interest is surprising because to anyone with even minimal knowledge of post-glacial sea-level rise their depth of submergence is – or should be – highly anomalous. Indeed according to Glenn Milne’s sea-level data the land on which these structures were built last stood above water at the end of the Ice Age more than 11,000 years ago.

Is it a coincidence that there are ancient Tamil flood myths that speak of a great kingdom that once existed in this area called Kumari Kandam that was swallowed up by the sea? Amazingly the myths put a date of 11,600 years ago on these events — the same timeframe given by Plato for the end of Atlantis in another ocean.

Like the cities in the Gulf of Cambay the underwater structures three miles offshore of Poompuhar were first identified by an instrument called sidescan sonar that profiles the seabed. One structure in particular was singled out for investigation and was explored by divers from India’s National Institute of Oceanography in 1991 and 1993. Although they were not at that time aware of the implications of its depth of submergence — i.e. that it is at least 11,500 years old — the 1991 study confirms that it is man-made and describes it as:

a horse-shoe-shaped object, its height being one to two metres. A few stone blocks were found in the one-metre wide arm. The distance between the two arms in 20 metres. Whether the object is a shrine or some other man-made structure now at 23 metres [70 feet] depth remains to be examined in the next field season.

The 1993 study refines the measurements:

The structure of U-shape was located at a water depth of 23 metres which is about 5 kilometres off shore. The total peripheral length of the object is 85 metres while the distance between the two arms is 13 metres and the maximum height is 2 metres Divers observed growth of thick marine organism on the structure, but in some sections a few courses of masonry were noted.

Graham Hancock is an advocate of this theory and I subscribe to this as this has more science to back it up.

The Glenn Milne Theory of Sea Level Change places a landmass Sundaland.

Sundaland was a cluster of islands in South consisted of Malay peninsula, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and other surrounding areas.’

So it is logical to arrive at the conclusion that the Silappadikaram Town was in existence around 11000 CE and for a rich language as Tamil to develop, from a dialect, colloquial form and then to literary ,it requires  minimum  5000 Years.

And Tamil quotes Ithihasas ,Ramayana and Mahabharata and the Vedas.

That should place these Ithihasas earlier .

Hence based on this evidence available now, Tamil should be at least 16000 years old and the Sanskrit Puranas earlier.

Please read my Post Million Year Old Tamil quotes Vedas and they quote Tamil.

But we are assigning Tamil Sangam at 5 BC and Rig veda at 5000 BC!’

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/03/02/poompuhar-find-sets-tamilhinduism-by-atleast-20000-years/

Silappadikaram and its sister Epic Manimekalai speaks of the Tsunami that devoured the Tamil land.

And this is the Third Tsunami,the earlier two having swallowed Tamil land .

Assuming ,at the most conservative level ,that the Tsunami struck immediately before Silappadikaram period,which is unlikely as to reconstruct the Land and take the language to classical level of Silappadikaram would have required at least five thousand years,we can assign the last Tsunami at 14,000 BC.

And taking the account of Tamil classics for the duration of each Sangam at ( there is novreason to doubt this as their version about Third Tsunami is validated,

‘First Sangam.-It was said to be located in Then Madurai (now part of Madurai) under the patronage of 89 Pandya kings, during this period. It is said to have lasted for 4,440 years,

Second Sangam-The second Sangam was convened in Kapatapuram. This Sangam lasted for 3700 years and had 59 members, with 3700 poets participating. There were 59 Pandiya kings starting from Vendercceliyan to Mudattirumaran were decedents and rulers of that period. This city was also submerged in sea. Ramayana and Arthashastra of Kautalya corroborates the existence of a city named Kavatapuram.

Third Sangam-The Third Sangam (Tamil: மூன்றாம் சங்கம், Moondram Sangam) was a historical assembly and the last of the three Tamil Sangams. Established under the aegis of 49 Pandyan kings, it ran for 1850 years, ending around the time that Christianity emerged’

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sangam_period

Third Sangam 12,250 to 14000 ( 14000-1850)

Second Sangam 8550 to 12,250 ( 12,250-3700) and

First Sangam.   4140 to 8550.(8750-4440).

Tamils Colony In Egypt 300 BC Berenice Red Sea

FeaturedBerenice location.image

I have written that Tamils spread throughout the world in ancient times.

They settled around the world along with people who were following Sanatana Dharma.

Tamils were the forerunners of Hitties,Elamitites,Incas and Mayas.

Evidence of Tamil presence has been found in Oman and other areas surrounding it.

There had been vigorous trade going on between Tamils and people of the rest of the world due to the strong Naval, power,especially the Cholas.

The traders were called Thisai Vanigar Einootruvar,Corporation of 500 Traders.

Salient points.

1.The Tamils had a business corporation, consisted of businessmen who traded within India and abroad.

2.The group was called Thisai vanigar Einootruvar, 5oo traders who trade throughout the world.

This reference to 500 appears around 9th century AD.

However there is another, generally accepted group is called Thisai vanigar Aayirathu Einootruvar, that is 1500 people.

The reference is found in Silappadikaram, a Tamil Classic.

World’s First Business Corporation

The trade relations were so close that each had established a colony for themselves in the other country.

Thus we have Roman colony unearthed near Madurai,Tamil Nadu.

Augustus Temple in Musiri Roman Colony in Madurai

There was a colony of Tamil people in Egypt around 300 BC .

‘Berenice (Berenike) or Berenice Troglodytica (Greek: Βερενίκη), also known as Baranis, is an ancient seaport of Egypt on the west coast of the Red Sea. It is situated about 825 km south of Suez and 260 km east of Aswan in Upper Egypt…..

It was founded in 275 BC by Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285–246 BC), who named it after his mother, Berenice I of Egypt.[3] Troglodytica refers to the aboriginal people of the region, the “Troglodytai” or “cave dwellers”. Although the name is attested by several ancient writers, the more ancient Ptolemaic inscriptions read Trogodytai (which G.W.B. Huntingford has speculated could be related to the same root as Tuareg). It is possible that later copyists confused this name with the more common term Troglodytai….
Excavations were launched at Berenike in 1994 by a team of archaeologists from the University of Delaware led by Prof. Steven E. Sidebotham, with partners from several other institutions and continued until 2001. Work was resumed by teams from the University of Delaware and the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw, Poland, in the winter of 2007/2008 and is still continuing.[6]
A large number of significant finds have been made providing evidence of the cargo from the Malabar Coast and the presence of Tamil people from South India and Jaffna being at this last outpost of the Roman Empire.
“Among the unexpected discoveries at Berenike were a range of ancient Indian goods, including the largest single concentration (7.55 kg) of black peppercorns ever recovered in the classical Mediterranean world (“imported from southern India” and found inside a large vessel made of Nile silt in a temple courtyard); substantial quantities of Indian-made fine ware and kitchen cooking ware and Indian style pottery; Indian-made sail cloth, basketry, matting, etc. from trash dumps; a large quantity of teak wood, black pepper, coconuts, beads made of precious and semi-precious stones, cameo blanks; “a Tamil Brahmi graffito mentioning Korra, a South Indian chieftain”; evidence that “inhabitants from Tamil South India (which then included most of Kerala) were living in Berenike, at least in the early Roman period”; evidence that the Tamil population implied the probable presence of Buddhist worshippers; evidence of Indians at another Roman port 300 km north of Berenike; Indian-made ceramics on the Nile road; a rock inscription mentioning an Indian passing through en route; “abundant evidence for the use of ships built and rigged in India”; and proof “that teak wood (endemic to South India), found in buildings in Berenike, had clearly been reused”(from dismantled ships).”

Reference and citation.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenice_Troglodytica
Tamil Script in Red sea Port

Tamil Chola Kings List From 3020 BCE to 245 BCE,Missing 160 Million Years

FeaturedKumari Kandam.image

The study of Puranas and ancient Tamil literature is exciting.

Thanks to the educational system introduced by the British, we have been trained to take Indian history as legends and figment of imagination.

Till the advent of Internet we had no means of checking whether what is mentioned in Indian texts is fact or fiction.

Now resources are available in the Internet, not only in English but in other languages as well.

If one cares to check these resources one would find corroboration of Indian Texts.

Astro dating, linguistics, anthropology, archeology, Carbon dating, Infrared dating resources are aplenty to validate Indian texts.

Cross referencing Indian texts with Foreign authors,right from Plato,Thucycides is possible.

Some interesting facts about ancient Indian history emerge.

There was Sanatana Dharma of India which preceded all civilizations.

It was present throughout the world.

The current date assigned to Rig Veda, Hinduism as 5000 BC is no longer valid as Sanatana Dharma goes back possibly by million years!

Another curious fact is the presence of Dravidas in the south of Vindhya ranges.

This civilization quotes Vedas and they quote Tamil,a Dravidian culture.

Enough material is available to prove that the Dravidian Kings were the forerunners of Sanatana Dharma and the first Man Manu was a Dravidian King.

The Cholas were cousins of Ikshvaku Dynasty,by virtue of Manu’s daughter having been Married to a,Chola King.

Tamil kings,Chera,Chola and Pandyas were respected by the kings from the region where Sanatana Dharma was flourishing.

Three kings,Aryavarman,Ariyappadaikadantha Neduncheralaathan and Imayavarmban Neduncheralaathan invaded North India and settles people there.

One can find Brahui,a Dravidian language is found in Balochisthan and Afghanisthan even today.

Tamil is spoken among the Cameroonians even today.

Traces of Tamil culture is found among Hitties,Elamites,Aztecs and Mayans.

The Home of Tamils ,Lemuria is 230 million years old and Himalayas was not even formed then.

Himalayas were formed about 70 million years ago.

The issues that confounds are,

Who influenced whom,Sanatana Dharma, Tamil or is it the other way around?

If Dravidians/languages are found throughout the world and especially in the North of India,how come they were in South ,when did they move and why.

What was lying in the north of Vengadam,Seshachalam hills,the northern boundary of Lemuria between 230 million years ago and 70 million years ago when Himalayas was formed?

One finds details of Shiva in Lemuria, but only limited information about him in Sanatana Dharma,that too relating to Himalayas and His marrying Uma.

Why?

I am searching ,through I have written articles on these issues.

To unravel this one has to check the Kings List of Tamil Nadu.

There are references in foreign sources and Puranas about these Prehistoric kings and I intend finding out the Truth.

For instance, Chera king was named as Aryavarman and the term varma is of Sanatana Dharma origin where the Kshtriyas,Kings use Varma as surnames.

This king is mentioned in Iranian legends!

I had written on Tamil Kings List from 404 BC,where I have covered Cheras and later Cholas.

I am yet to write on Pandyas.

Herebelow I provide list of Tamil Kings from

  • Eri Oliyan Vaendhi C. 3020 BCE
  • Maandhuvaazhi C. 2980 BCE
  • El Mei Nannan C. 2945 BCE
  • Keezhai Kinjuvan C. 2995 BCE
  • Vazhisai Nannan C. 2865 BCE
  • Mei Kiyagusi Aerru C. 2820 BCE
  • Aai Kuzhi Agusi Aerru C. 2810 BCE
  • Thizhagan Maandhi C. 2800 BCE
  • Maandhi Vaelan C. 2770 BCE
  • Aai Adumban C. 2725 BCE
  • Aai Nedun jaet chozha thagaiyan C. 2710 BCE
  • El Mei Agguvan a.k.a. Keezh nedu mannan C. 2680 BCE
  • Mudiko Mei Kaalaiyam Thagaiyan C. 2650 BCE
  • Ilangok keezh kaalaiyan thagaiyan a.k.a. Ilangeezh nannan C. 2645 BCE -start of Kadamba lineage by his brother Aai Keezh Nannan
  • Kaalaiyan gudingyan C. 2630 BCE
  • Nedun gaalayan dhagayan C. 2615 BCE
  • Vaengai nedu vael varaiyan C.2614 BCE
  • Vaet kaal kudingyan C. 2600 BCE
  • Maei Ila vael varaiyan C. 2590 BCE
  • Sibi Vendhi C. 2580 BCE
  • Paru nonji chaamazhingyan C. 2535 BCE
  • Vaeqratrtri chembiya chozhan C. 2525 BCE
  • Saamazhi chozhiya vaelaan C. 2515 BCE
  • Uthi ven gaalai thagan C. 2495 BCE
  • Nannan that kaalai thagan C. 2475 BCE
  • Vel vaen mindi C. 2445 BCE
  • Nedun jembiyan C. 2415 BCE
  • Nedu nonji Vendhi C. 2375 BCE
  • Maei Vael paqratrtri C. 2330 BCE
  • Aai Perun thoan nonji C. 2315 BCE
  • Kudiko pungi C. 2275 BCE
  • Perun goep poguvan C. 2250 BCE
  • Koeth thatrtri C. 2195 BCE
  • Vadi sembiyan C. 2160 BCE
  • Aalam poguvan C. 2110 BCE
  • Nedun jembiyan C. 2085 BCE
  • Perum paeyar poguvan C. 2056 BCE
  • Kadun jembiyan C. 2033 BCE
  • Nedun kathan C. 2015 BCE
  • Paru nakkan C. 1960 BCE
  • Vani sembiyan C. 1927 BCE
  • Udha chira mondhuvan C. 1902 BCE
  • Perun kaththan C. 1875 BCE
  • Kadun kandhalan C. 1860 BCE
  • Nakka monjuvan C. 1799 BCE
  • Maarko vael Maandhuvan Aaththikko C. 1786 BCE
  • Musukunthan Vaendhi C. 1753 BCE
  • Peru nakkan Thatrtri C. 1723 BCE
  • Vaer kaththan C. 1703 BCE
  • Ambalaththu Irumundruvan C. 1682 BCE
  • Kaari mondhuvan C. 1640 BCE
  • Vennakkan Thatrtri C. 1615 BCE
  • Maarko chunthuvan C. 1565 BCE
  • Vaer parunthoan mundruvan C. 1520 BCE
  • Udhan kaththan C. 1455 BCE
  • Kaariko sunthuvan C. 1440 BCE
  • Vendri nungunan C. 1396 BCE
  • Mondhuvan Vendhi C. 1376 BCE
  • Kaandhaman C. 1359 BCE
  • Mundruvan Vendhi C. 1337 BCE
  • Kaandhaman C. 1297 BCE
  • Monjuvan Vendhi C. 1276 BCE
  • Ani sembiyan C. 1259 BCE
  • Nungunan Vendhi C. 1245 BCE
  • Maarkop perum Cenni C. 1229 BCE
  • Monjuvan Nanvendhi C. 1180 BCE
  • Kop perunar chenni C. 1170 BCE
  • Monthuvan jembiyan C. 1145 BCE
  • Narchenni C. 1105 BCE
  • Caet chembiyan C. 1095 BCE
  • Nakkar chenni C. 1060 BCE
  • Parun jembiyan C.1045 BCE
  • Venjenni C. 998 BCE
  • Musugunthan C. 989 BCE
  • Maarkop perun jembiyan C. 960 BCE
  • Nedunjenni C.935 BCE
  • Thatchembiyan C. 915 BCE
  • Ambalaththu iruvaer chembiyan C. 895 BCE
  • Kaariko chenni C. 865 BCE
  • Venvaer chenni C. 830 BCE
  • Kaandhaman, C. 788 BCE
  • Kaandhalan C. 721 BCE
  • Caetchenni C. 698 BCE
  • Vani nungunan C. 680 BCE
  • Mudhu sembiyan Vendhi C. 640 BCE
  • Peelan jembiyach chozhiyan C. 615 BCE
  • Maeyan gadungo C. 590 BCE
  • Thiththan C. 570 BCE
  • Perunar killi Porvaiko C. 515 BCE
  • Kadu mundruvan C. 496 BCE
  • Kopperunjozhan C. 495 BCE
  • Narkilli Mudiththalai C. 480 BCE
  • Thevvan go chozhan C. 465 BCE
  • Naran jembiyan C. 455 BCE
  • Nakkam peela valavan C. 440 BCE
  • Iniyan thevvan jenni C. 410 BCE
  • Varcembiyan C. 395BCE
  • Nedun jembiyan C. 386 BCE
  • Nakkan aran jozhan C. 345 BCE
  • Ambalathu irungoch chenni C. 330 BCE
  • Perunar killi C. 316 BCE
  • Kochaet Cenni C. 286 BCE
  • Cerupazhi Erinda Ilanjaetcenni, C. 275 BCE
  • Nedungop perunkilli C. 220 BCE
  • Cenni Ellagan C. 205 BCE
  • Perun gilli C. 165 BCE
  • Kopperun jozhiyav ilanjaetcenni C. 140 BCE
  • Perunar killi Mudiththalai ko C. 120 BCE
  • PerumpootCenni C. 100 BCE
  • Ilam perunjenni C. 100 BCE
  • Perungilli Vendhi aka Karikaalan I C. 70 BCE
  • Nedumudi Killi C. 35 BCE
  • Ilavanthigaipalli Thunjiya Maei Nalangilli Caet Cenni, C. 20 BCE
  • Aai Vaenalangilli C. 15 BCE
  • Uruvapakraer Ilanjaetcenni, C. 10 – 16 CE
  • 16–30 CE Kingdom ruled by a series of Uraiyur chieftains
  • Karikaalan II Peruvalaththaan, C. 31 CE
  • Vaer paqradakkai Perunar killi, C. 99 CE
  • Perun thiru mavalavan, Kuraapalli Thunjiya C. 99 CE
  • Nalangilli C. 111 CE
  • Perunarkilli, Kula mutrtraththu Thunjiya C. 120 CE
  • Perunarkilli, Irasasuya vaetta C. 143 CE
  • Vael kadunkilli C. 192 CE
  • Kochenganaan C. 220 CE
  • Nalluruththiran C. 245 CE
  • Source and citation.
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legendary_early_Chola_kings