Hinduism, Indian Philosophy

Vedas on Consciousness


Recently a friend of mine, who is a leading Neuro-physician. with whom I was conversing, the topic of Consciousness came up.

Medically speaking Coma is a State where one loses the Cognitive ability, as observed by the others.

Essential bodily functions take place.

Being Consciousness and Bliss.Image.jpg

Sat Chit Anandam

‘A coma is a prolonged state of unconsciousness. During a coma, a person is unresponsive to his or her environment. The person is alive and looks like he or she is sleeping. However, unlike in a deep sleep, the person cannot be awakened by any stimulation, including pain.'(webmd)

Herein lies the issue.

One notices consciousness, like air  only when it is absent.

Some questions.

Is Life Consciousness?

If so, medically speaking when one is in Coma,when one’s consciousness is absent, he is said be alive;then what is Life?

One is not aware of consciousness while in deep sleep, or even during the Dreaming State.

Where does it go then?

We recollect, some times, what we have dreamed.

It is said be, because of Consciousness.

How does this happen?

In Psychology, there is a term which normally does not make sense.

The term is ‘Unconscious’

How does one say he has unconscious state in his make up, when the very term indicates you are not Conscious of it.

It is said so because it is inferred and accounts for psychological activities of the Human being.

Then what is Mind?

What is Brain?

The activity of the Brain is Mind,(Science)

Activity of the Mind is Intellect, activity of the Intellect is Chitta(Indian Philosophy).

Yoga soeaks of this in the first Sutra,

Yoga;chitta Vruthi Nirodhithaha’

The Cessation of the modification of the Chitta is Yoga.

Mind is like a CPU , it receives sensations /Data.

No factual or judgemental pronunciations are made.

The Judgemental portion or the factual certification is made by Buddhi(Intellect).

How does Buddhi pass judgements or values to an even or sensations.

It is by the directions of the Chitta, Consciousness.

Consciousness in an attribute of Reality.

It is the Subject in the process of Cognition.

It is not an object of Cognition.

It can not be known or perceived by any thing other than by itself, Consciousness.

It is a Sate of Being.(Sat)

The state of Being has as its attributes Consciousness, which has Bliss or Ananda as its attribute.

Sat Chit and Ananda.

  • sat सत् (present participle); [Sanskrit root as , “to be“]: “Truth”, “Absolute Being”, “a palpable force of virtue and truth”. Sat describes an essence that is pure and timeless, that never changes.
  • cit चित् (noun): “consciousness”, “true consciousness”, “to be consciousness of”, “to understand”, “to comprehend”.
  • ānanda आनन्द (noun): “bliss”,”true bliss”,”happiness” “joy”, “delight”, “pleasure”

“Sat-Chit-Ananda” or “Saccidānanda” is the Sanskrit compound form of the word, which can be translated in various ways:

  • “Eternal Consciousness Bliss”
  • “Absolute Consciousness Bliss”
  • “Consisting of existence and thought and joy

These attributes ae inseparable from each other.

These three together constitute the Attribute of Brahman.

Brahman is the Ultimate Reality.

It is inferred and is never an object of perception.

It is the Perceiver, the process of Perception and the Perceived.

Perception is removal of Nescience or removal of Ignorance, Avidya.

This Avidya is at the individual level.

At the Universal level it is called Maya.

The state of Being, Consciousness and Bliss are expressed as Sat Chit and Ananda in the Upanishads.

This is the interpretation of Advaita by Shankaracharya.

 

Prajgnam Brahma (Upanishad)

 

Brahman ,Reality is Consciousness.

The one wants to know what Mind or cognition is.

Cognition happens when consciousness illuminates.

Consciousness itself is Knowledge.

“Nirajanam Nishkriam Shantam Nirvadyam Niranjanam”(Shvetashwara Upanishad, 6/19)

It is not awareness per se.

Awareness is a part of Consciousness and awareness is not Consciousness.

Knowledge is awareness as made available by Consciousness.

How and why consciousness is selective in revealing Knowledge?

I shall be writing on this in a separate post.

The Upanishads on conciousness and Brahman.

 

That thou art.
(“You are Brahman”)
(Tat Tvam Asi)

The Self (the Soul) is Brahman.”
Sanskrit:
ayam atma brahma. (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 4.4.5)

I am Brahman.”
Sanskrit: aham brahmasmi. (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 1.4.10)

Brahman is Consciousness.
Sanskrit: prajnanam brahma. (Aitareya Upanishad 3.1.3)

All this is Brahman.
Sanskrit: Sarvam khalvidam brahma. (Chandogya Upanishad 3.14.1)

All this is, indeed, Brahman. This Atman is Brahman.

This same Atman has four quarters. (Mandukya Upanishad 1.2) [The first three quarters correspond to the letters of AUM: 1 = A, 2 = U, 3 = M. The fourth quarter is silence.]

 

SAT (Existence)

In the beginning, my dear, this [universe] was Being (Sat) alone, one only without a second.”
(Chandogya Upanishad 6.2.1 also Aitareya Upanishad 1.1.1)

All this that we see in the world is Brahman.”
Sanskrit:
sarvam khalv idam brahma. (Chandogya Upanishad 3.14.1)

Brahman is Reality, Knowledge, and Infinity.
(Taittiriya Upanishad 2.1.3)

CHIT (Consciousness)

Brahman is Consciousness.
Sanskrit: prajnanam brahma. (Aitareya Upanishad 3.1.3)

ANANADA (Bliss)

Brahman is bliss (ananda).
(Taittiriya Upanishad 3.6.1)

 

“Brahman that is immediate and direct—the Self that is within all.”

“You cannot see That which is the Seer of seeing;
you cannot hear That which is the Hearer of hearing;
you cannot think of That which is the Thinker of thought;
you cannot know That which is the Knower of knowledge.
This is your Self, that is within all;
everything else but This is perishable.” (Br. Up. 3.4.2).

I will be posting more on this and the view of the other systems of indian Philosophy on consciousness.

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Hinduism, Indian Philosophy

Types Of Energy Purusha Suktam 3


Etha vaanasya Mahima Athojyaayam Gachcha Poorushah I

Paathosya Viswa Boothanni Thripaathasyamrutham Dhivi II

Ethavvan-Whatever is seen

Asya-Reality’s,

Mahima-Expressions,

Purusha-The Reality,

Jyayaan-Special

Boothaani Viswa-whatever in the Universe

Asya-Its,His,

Paathah-quarter,

Asya, His/Its,

Thribaath-three fourths,

Amrutham-Eternal,

Divi-not of here,in Heavens.

Whatever is seen here is His Expressions .

Purusha is Greater than all this.

Whatever is expressed (here) is only a quarter of His (attributes)

Rest is not expressed,in Heavens.

After the next stanza the actual Evolution of the Universe will be described in a highly allegorical Language.

The Reality, according to Hinduism is a Principle.

More specifically Energy.

Two primordial energies are listed.

One is Potential Energy called Prakriti, loosely described as Nature in English.

Another is Purusha the Kinetic Energy.

These two energies are the two facets of One energy, as Science would tell us.

Energy is One.

We name them as different to enable us to understand its workings.

The energy that has the potential to perform is Potential Energy.

That which Performs or induces Performance is Kinetic Energy or Energy in Action or on the Move.

This is Purusha of Hinduism.

Motion is not visible with out both working in tandem.

From the One basic Reality, Its attributes,Purusha and Parkriti become Universe.

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Hinduism, Indian Philosophy

Purusha Suktam Verse 1 Reality Two Fingers Breadth


Purusha sukta (puruṣasūkta, पुरुष सूक्त) is hymn 10.90 of the Rigveda, dedicated to the Purusha, the “Cosmic Being”

Purusha means ‘Male’ in Sanskrit.

Purusha in Tantric system

Tantric representation of Purusha.

Here in the Purusha Sukta the term is applied to mean a Principle,which is virile containing the seeds of Immanence.

(Feminists need not take offence for this term contains, in this context, Female Principle Prakriti is immanent.

As the explanation is about things before creation some term is to be used ”He’; is used and She is not used because the import of the Female term is different.This will be clear as the explanation will reveal later)

The Purusha ukta describe the process of manifestation as Indian Philosophy does not use the term Creation, but only manifestation.

Creation involves bringing forth some thing new which has not been in Existence before.

As everything is Eternal there is no question of Creating something.

Contrary to what many belive the Pursh Sukta is not about Vishnu or Narayana.

Separate Suktam on these Deities appeat later as Narayan Suktam and Sri Vishnu Suktam.

While Narayana is an Amsa of Purusha, Visnu is an Amsa of Narayana.

As Lakshmi and Durga are.

Therefore to complete the Chanting one has to recite all the Five Suktas .

This is the actual Panchamrutha. not the dish we prepare and offer to God as an item to bathe Him with.

When some one says in the Pooja, whether in the Temples or Homes, Panchamrutha Snanam Samarppayami, the Five Suktas are to be chanted.

The Vedas have Four Parts,

Samhitas, which contain Prayers to Gods,

Brahmanas about the Oblations/Yagnas,

Aranyakas, the efforts to realize Reality from the forest, and

The Upanishads, where Reality is described.

The Purusha Sukta is unique in that it contains all the four parts in one Sukta,

Purusha Sukta appears in the Rig Veda 10.90 verses.

सहस्रशीर्षा पुरुषः सहस्राक्षः सहस्रपात् ।
स भूमिं विश्वतो वृत्वात्यतिष्ठद्दशाङुलम् ॥१॥
Sahasra-Shiirssaa Purussah Sahasra-Akssah Sahasra-Paat |
Sa Bhuumim Vishvato Vrtva-Atya[i]-Tisstthad-Dasha-Angulam ||1||

Meaning:
1.1: The Purusha (The Universal Being) has Thousand Heads, Thousand Eyes and Thousand Feet (Thousand signifies innumerable which points to the omnipresence of the Universal Being),
1.2: He envelops the World from all sides (i.e. He pervades each part of the Creation), and extends beyond in the TenDirections ( represented by Ten Fingers ).

Purusha-Reality,

Sahsra Seersha-has over 1000 heads-In Sanskrit , innumerable is often called as ‘Sahasra’ or Thousand.

Aksha-has 100 eyes(Aksha-eyes)

Sahasrabath-has over 1000 feet.

Bommim-The Earth,

Viswatha-everywhere,

Vruthvaa-Spread and immanent,

Dasa Angulam-Stands at 10 Inches.

Athyathishtath-Stands, remains.

Angulam means ‘by a measurement of two fingers’

“The fact that the unit of angulam of 1.763 cm could match very well the dimensions of historical monuments establishes the continuity of India’s engineering tradition through the ages for as long as 3,900 years’

In Hindu Theology the personal God Iswara who resides in the heart measures one inch .

In Hinduism, the Psychological heart is said to be on the Right side of the Chest as against the left side for the Physical heart.

In this verse, the external manifestation of the Universal Principle , as can be grasped by the Human mind, is expressed,just as camera film records the size, not in real-time.

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Indian Philosophy

India Coastal Insecurtiy Sri Lanka China Now US


Eastern Coast of India is exposed once again, this time by The US.

A ship from the US carrying Arms and ammunition has entered the Tuticorin,Tamil Nadu and now US crew numbering 32 have been arrested for illegally entering Indian Port.

First Tamil Fishermen were/are being shot.

China periodically visits the area.

Now US.

Where is the Coast Guard?

India,A Super Power?

Story:

Once a frequent landing spot for Sri Lankan smugglers who traded opium for beedis and tobacco, the Kodikkarai fishing port in Tamil Nadu is today being used for a deadlier purpose — arms trade.

Smugglers are now bringing in arms — with Chinese help — and channelising them into northern Kerala.

The recent detaining of MV Seaman Guard Ohio, the US-owned ship accused of illegally entering Indian waters with a huge cache of weapons, has once again tested India’s fragile coastal security apparatus.

Prior to this, various agencies have been looking at the illegal passage of vessels which are allegedly smuggling in arms from Sri Lanka and ferrying them to Kerala.

A major part of this operation has been traced near Nagapattinam at the end of the Salt Pan area of Kodikkarai fishing port.

Preliminary investigations have found that the smuggling of arms and ammunition is being carried out with the help of Chinese agents who facilitate the mafia and smugglers who are settled in Sri Lanka.

The National Investigation Agency, which is hot on the terror trail in Kerala, is trying to find out if the arms that have reached the state came through this channel. There is a considerable amount of weapons that have been stocked up in northern Kerala, especially at Udumalapet and the Karur forest areas.

At first, the NIA believed that it was Pakistan which supplied the arms and ammunition, but investigations showed that the route was too long and risky. Today, the Chinese angle appears more plausible.

Central intelligence agencies tell rediff.com that over the past few years there has been a considerable increase in the number of Chinese settlements in southern India. Across Tamil Nadu, especially in the rural areas, there are approximately 170 Chinese who have taken up odd jobs.

India Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka India Border.

An intelligence report states that the Chinese are trying to set up a base in southern India and would look to attack India through this part of the country. There are several elements in Kerala and parts of Tamil Nadu who are more than willing to help stock these arms and ammunition and the agents either pay them in kind or cash.”

TUTICORIN: In an early morning operation, all the 35 members on board the US ship Seaman Guard Ohio, a floating armoury, were arrested by sleuths of Tamil Nadu’s Q branch, a state intelligence wing, on Friday.

US Ship in India detained.

Indian marine security police in the southeastern port of Tuticorin filed a complaint against the crew and 25 armed security guards aboard the MV Seaman Ohio after they failed to produce documents allowing them to carry the weapons, coast guard officials said. Coast guard official Santosh Kumar Singh said the ship is owned by a Virginia-based security company, AdvanFort, but is registered in Sierra Leone. Police said the ship’s captain told investigators that AdvanFort provides armed escorts to merchant vessels traveling in pirate-infested waters in the Indian Ocean. AdvanFort could not immediately be reached for comment.

A team of officials led by Q branch SP Bhavaneeswari and Tuticorin SP M Durai entered the vessel, docked in the V O Chidambaranar port since October 12, and arrested the ten crew members and 25 security guards. Thirty three of the men were taken to Muthayapuram police station in Tuticorin where they were interrogated while two of the arrested were left on board the ship to carry out maintenance work.

As many as 31 assault rifles and more than 5000 rounds of ammunition in the ship were confiscated. The passports of the arrested men as well as one of their agents in Tuticorin were also confiscated. Sources in Q branch said measures were being taken to produce the arrested before a court and remand them.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Tamil-Nadu-police-arrest-all-35-crew-members-of-detained-US-ship/articleshow/24324618.cms

http://www.rediff.com/news/slide-show/slide-show-1-chinese-threat-to-southern-india-is-for-real/20131018.htm#1

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/07/14/deport-sri-lankan-tamils-to-australia-karunanidhi/

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Indian Philosophy

What To Chant In Yoga How Patanjali Sutra 27, 28


Chanting of a Holy Name increases the efficacy of Meditation in Yoga.

Pranava.

OM, The Prnava

The more senses the senses are involved better the concentration would be.

There is one-act when all the senses are focussed on a single activity.

It is sex.

It is instinctive.

In other activities, one has to attempt to focus the senses .

In Meditation, eyes are focussed on the tip of the nose(Bhagavad Gita), later the eyes may remain closed.

Along with this’, during Pranayama, breathing enables the focussing of the function of the Nose.

Now three more senses, namely the whole body, mouth and ear remain to be focussed .

Ears and Mouth can be made to focus by chanting.

Rars are attuned to the our voice automatically.

Once our voice is heard the Mind is directed towards it.

Panjali proses Chanting.

Chanting means, in its real sense in Indian Philosophy, a sound which has profound psychological and universal attribute.

The fundamental unit of sound in speech is Letters.

Letters raise from three parts of the Human Body.

They are .

The Mouth.

The Throat and

The Bottom of the Stomach.

The letters that represent these are,

A, Short,

U, Short and

M.

These three letters together constitute the primordial sound of the Universe.

AUM.

If one were to listen to the sound in the conch by closing one ear is this.

Listen to the vibration sound of the Earth, and The Galaxies , you would hear it; I have posted this under Astrophysics.

This OM or Pranava is to be chanted during Yoga.

The chanting is of three types.

Holy chanting is called ‘Japa

The first method of chanting is saying the Om aloud.

The second is saying this without sound emanating from the mouth, only the lips move.

The best is the one where the lips also do not move, the OM is chanted in the mind.

To reach the last step mentioned, one has to go through the first two steps.

In the first two steps, the ears and the mouth are engaged and they focus on the OM.

In the third, as the mind is repeating this word, it is also engaged, thus diverting it from the external objects.

In this context, I would like to state that those who do the Lalita Shasranma Parayana or The Soundarya Lahari regularly, they would, after some time some of the slokas or the Matnras keep running in the Mind with out your effort, while you are going about your daily work.

Do not worry.

You do not need a Psychiatrist.

It is the effect of these Mantras and it shows you are evolving and leave it at that.

Now to Yoga Sutra 27 and 28 of Patanjali.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra

Yoga Sutra 27,28

“Tasya Vachakah, Pranavah’

Tasya – His (God’s) [name]
Vacakaha –sounds like or is expressed by
Pranavaha– the syllable AUM

Patanjali Yoga Sutra 28.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra 28.

Taj – that [AUM]

Japah – quiet repetition

Tat – that [AUM]

Artha – goal, purpose

Bhavanam – beauty experienced with humility and reverence (bha = splendor, va=reverence,nam=humility.

It is important to understand the meaning of AUM while chanting.

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2013/07/28/god-the-first-cause-yet-not-sankara-yoga-sutra-1-25/

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