Sanauli Chariot Find 4000 Years Harappan Horse

Ramayana is dated around 5114 CE,

Mahabharata has thirty nine archeological sites which proves the Mahabharatathe,

One Million old Advanced Tamil site being found near Chennai,Tamil Nadu,India,

Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu is dated about twenty thousand years ago,

Tamil sites in Arikkamedu,Adichanallur are dated about 5000 Years old,

Oldest Murugan temple in Pondicherry is dated around 4000 BC,

Dwaraka is dated Thirty thousand years old…

these Scholars go on denying the dates assigned to Sites relating to Indian history!

As if this is not enough,they bring in new theories like the Aryan Invasion theory of India.


The self-styled historians of India seem to a single mission in their life.

However erudite these historians are,which is an epbithet they seem to describe themselves,their dishonesty shows when the come to interpret facts relating to Indian history.

This is not limited to denying the statements made in ancient Indian texts including the Vedas and Puranas.

Despite the facts that,

Ramayana is dated around 5114 CE,

Mahabharata has thirty nine archeological sites which proves the Mahabharatathe,

One Million old Advanced Tamil site being found near Chennai,Tamil Nadu,India,

Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu is dated about twenty thousand years ago,

Tamil sites in Arikkamedu,Adichanallur are dated about 5000 Years old,

Oldest Murugan temple in Pondicherry is dated around 4000 BC,

Dwaraka is dated Thirty thousand years old…

these Scholars go on denying the dates assigned to Sites relating to Indian history!

As if this is not enough,they bring in new theories like the Aryan Invasion theory of India.

This theory is discredited now.

However these doyens take another argument that based on the Horse.

Their contention is that the Horses were brought in by the invading Aryans to India.

( However,they are forced to assign 5000 CE to Rig Veda as they could not prove it to be otherwise)

Also that Horses were not found in Harappa.

Now let me refute.

1. There are Vedic References to the horses.

The Rig Veda reference to Horse.

1. SLIGHT us not Varuṇa, Aryaman, or Mitra, Ṛbhukṣan, Indra, Āyu, or the Maruts,
When we declare amid the congregation the virtues of the strong Steed, God-descended.
2 What time they bear before the Courser, covered with trappings and with wealth, the grasped oblation,
The dappled goat goeth straightforward, bleating, to the place dear to Indra and to Pūṣan.
3 Dear to all Gods, this goat, the share of Pūṣan, is first led forward with the vigorous Courser,
While Tvaṣṭar sends him forward with the Charger, acceptable for sacrifice, to glory.
4 When thrice the men lead round the Steed, in order, who goeth to the Gods as meet oblation,
The goat precedeth him, the share of Pūṣan, and to the Gods the sacrifice announceth.
5 Invoker, ministering priest, atoner, fire-kindler Soma-presser, sage, reciter,
With this well ordered sacrifice, well finished, do ye fill full the channels of the rivers.
6 The hewers of the post and those who carry it, and those who carve the knob to deck the Horse’s stake;
Those who prepare the cooking-vessels for the Steed,—may the approving help of these promote our work.
7 Forth, for the regions of the Gods, the Charger with his smooth back is come my prayer attends him.
In him rejoice the singers and the sages. A good friend have we won for the Gods’ banquet.
8 May the fleet Courser’s halter and his heel-ropes, the head-stall and the girths and cords about him.
And the grass put within his mouth to bait him,—among the Gods, too, let all these be with thee.
9 What part of the Steed’s flesh the fly hath eaten, or is left sticking to the post or hatchet,
Or to the slayer’s hands and nails adhereth,—among the Gods, too, may all this be with thee.
10 Food undigested steaming from his belly, and any odour of raw flesh remaining,
This let the immolators set in order and dress the sacrifice with perfect cooking.
11 What from thy body which with fire is roasted, when thou art set upon the spit, distilleth,
Let not that lie on earth or grass neglected, but to the longing Gods let all be offered.
12 They who observing that the Horse is ready call out and say, the smell is good; remove it;
And, craving meat, await the distribution,—may their approving help promote labour.
13 The trial-fork of the flesh-cooking caldron, the vessels out of which the broth is sprinkled,
The warming-pots, the covers of the dishes, hooks, carving-boards,—all these attend the Charger.
14 The starting-place, his place of rest and rolling, the ropes wherewith the Charger’s feet were fastened,
The water that he drank, the food he tasted,—among the Gods, too, may all these attend thee.
15 Let not the fire, smoke-scented, make thee crackle, nor glowing caldron smell and break to pieces.
Offered, beloved, approved, and consecrated,—such Charger do the Gods accept with favour.
16 The robe they spread upon the Horse to clothe him, the upper covering and the golden trappings,
The halters which restrain the Steed, the heel-ropes,—all these, as grateful to the Gods, they offer.
17 If one, when seated, with excessive urging hath with his heel or with his whip distressed thee,
All these thy woes, as with the oblations’ ladle at sacrifices, with my prayer I banish.
18 The four-and-thirty ribs of the. Swift Charger, kin to the Gods, the slayer’s hatchet pierces.
Cut ye with skill, so that the parts be flawless, and piece by piece declaring them dissect them.
19 Of Tvaṣṭar’s Charger there is one dissector,—this is the custom-two there are who guide him.
Such of his limbs as I divide in order, these, amid the balls, in fire I offer.
20 Let not thy dear soul burn thee as thou comest, let not the hatchet linger in thy body.
Let not a greedy clumsy immolator, missing the joints, mangle thy limbs unduly.
21 No, here thou diest not, thou art not injured: by easy paths unto the Gods thou goest.
Both Bays, both spotted mares are now thy fellows, and to the ass’s pole is yoked the Charger.
22 May this Steed bring us all-sustaining riches, wealth in good kine, good horses, manly offspring.
Freedom from sin may Aditi vouchsafe us: the Steed with our oblations gain us lordship!

Rig Veda Book 1. Chaoter XLXII

Source. Ralph Griffith’s translation of the Rig Veda.

2. Horses are mentioned repeatedly in the Vedas,Puranas referring to them while talking about the Aswamedha yaga,the Horse sacrifice.

3. These ancient texts and ancient Tamil Texts speak of the four types armies.


Gaja, Elephants,

Thuraka,Horse and


Nowhere in the ancient history of the world you would hear about all these being used at the same time.

4.The Ashwin kumara Twins referred to in the Purana,they are referred to as Celestial physicians

5.Hayagreeva God of Wisdom,was cloned with Human and has the face of a Horse.

6. The kings of ancient kingdoms had teaching syllabus for Hirse riding.

7. Charioteering was a specific profession and people were trained.

Sumandhira was the Charioteer of Dasaratha,Father of Lord Rama

Lord Krishna was the Charioteer of Arjuna during the Mahabharatha War.

Salliya was the Charioteer of Karna,during the same War.

Karna was brought up by a Charioteer.

I can keep on adding references.

Yet, Scholars refuse to take these as ,in their opinion,are only legends and are referred in texts only!

What do they expect?

Horses and Chariots used in those ancient days remains standing as proof!

Yet, these same people would accept texts as source for the history of the West.

Now additional evidence on the use of Chariot has been found in a\nn ancient site in India.

The self styled Indologists now say that they are Chariots but they need not have been used with Horses!

Recent discovery of three ‘pre-Iron Age’ carriers in Western Uttar Pradesh has excited the world of ancient history. But equally interesting would be the result of a search: were they horse-ridden?

A week has passed since the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) claimed to have stumbled upon three pre-Iron Age chariots that can challenge the famed Aryan invasion theory, lending sharper focus on to whether it were horses or bulls that pulled these carriers estimated to be from 2000-1800 BC.

The copper remains of the chariots, found inside burial pits in a quiet spot along the Gangetic plains in present-day Western Uttar Pradesh’s Baghpat district, date further back to the Bronze Age. That would mean an antiquity of 4,000 years—and a possible hint at their similarities of what existed during the civilisation in faraway Mesopotamia in Western Asia, according to ASI officials.

The latest round of a three-month-long excavation in Sanauli, 75 km west of Delhi, began in March this year, and has unearthed eight burial remains as well. Out of these, three are coffins, archaeologists reveal. All the burials have pottery kept around the body: big pots near the legs and small bowls close to the head—indicating their lying in northwest direction, reveals Dr Sanjay Kumar Manjul, director of the ASI’s Institute of Archaeology, in charge of the excavation.(


More information on Harappan Horse and rebuttal of Indologists (?)

Physical remains of the horse in Indus-Sarasvati sites

Our first surprise is that contrary to conventional assertions, quite a few archaeologists have reported horse remains from India’s prehistoric sites. A. Ghosh’s respected and authoritative Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology mentions without fuss:

In India the … true horse is reported from the Neolithic levels at Kodekal [dist. Gulbarga of Karnataka] and Hallur [dist. Raichur of Karnataka] and the late Harappa levels at Mohenjo-daro (Sewell and Guha, 1931) and Ropar and at Harappa, Lothal and numerous other sites. … Recently bones of Equus caballus have also been reported from the proto-Harappa site of
Malvan in Gujarat.1

Mortimer Wheeler, a flamboyant proponent of the Aryan invasion theory if ever there was one, admitted long ago that “it is likely enough that camel, horse and ass were in fact a familiar feature of the Indus caravan.”2 The well- known archaeologist B. B. Lal refers to a number of horse teeth and bones reported from Kalibangan, Ropar, Malvan and Lothal.3 Another senior archaeologist, S. P. Gupta, adds further details on those finds, including early ones.4 In the case of Lothal, the archaeozoologist Bhola Nath certified the identification of a tooth;5 he also made similar observations regarding bones from Mohenjo-daro and Harappa.6

Harappa horse
Remains of Horse,Harappa.

Horse remains,Harappa.

A. K. Sharma’s well-known identification of horse remains (Fig. 1) at Surkotada (in Katchchh) was endorsed by the late Hungarian archaeozoologist Sándor Bökönyi, an internationally respected authority in the field; in 1991, taking care to distinguish them from those of the local wild ass (khur), he confirmed several of them to be “remnants of true horses,”7 and what is more, domesticated horses. In his 1993 report to the Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India, Bökönyi made no bones about the whole issue:

Through a thorough study of the equid remains of the prehistoric settlement of Surkotada, Kutch, excavated under the direction of Dr. J. P. Joshi, I can state the following: The occurrence of true horse (Equus caballus L.) was evidenced by the enamel pattern of the upper and lower cheek and teeth and by the size and form of incisors and phalanges (toe bones). Since no wild horses lived in India in post-Pleistocene times, the domestic nature of the Surkotada horses is undoubtful. This is also supported by an inter- maxilla fragment whose incisor tooth shows clear signs of crib biting, a bad habit only existing among domestic horses which are not extensively used for war.8

Quite in tune with the findings at Surkotada and Lothal, P. K. Thomas, P. P. Joglekar et al., experts from the Deccan College on faunal remains, reported horse bones from the nearby Harappan site of Shikarpur “in the Mature Harappan period,”9 and from Kuntasi (at the boundary between Kutch and Saurashtra).10

To the Neolithic sites mentioned by A. Ghosh, we must add Koldihwa (in the Belan valley of Allahabad district), where G. R. Sharma et al. identified horse fossils.11 Contemporary with the Harappan period, the culture of the Chambal valley (in Madhya Pradesh) was explored by the respected archaeologist M. K. Dhavalikar, with layers dated between 2450 and 2000 BCE.
His observations are remarkable:

The most interesting is the discovery of bones of horse from the Kayatha levels and a terracotta figurine of a mare. It is the domesticate species (Equus caballus), which takes back the antiquity of the steed in India to the latter half of the third millennium BC. The presence of horse at Kayatha in all the chalcolithic levels assumes great significance in the light of the controversy about the horse.12

Let us stress that just as at Surkotada, the horse at Kayatha was domesticated.

In the face of so many reports from so many sites by so many experts, a blanket denial of the animal’s physical presence in pre-1500 BCE India passes one’s comprehension. Are we to believe that all identifications of horse remains by experts are wrong and misleading? Have scholars rejecting such evidence personally crosschecked even 10% of it? Have they, too, expressed similar doubts about the identification of other animal remains found in the same sites and conditions?

Richard Meadow and Ajita Patel did challenge Sándor Bökönyi’s report to the Archaeological Survey.13 Bökönyi however stuck to his views (although he passed away before he could give his final response), and Meadow and Patel concluded their long plea with the rather weak statement that “… in the end that [Bökönyi’s identification of horse remains at Surkotada] may be a matter of emphasis and opinion.”14 What makes their eagerness to convince Bökönyi to change his mind suspect is that they never challenged Indian experts such as A. K. Sharma, P. K. Thomas or P. P. Joglekar; it was only when Bökönyi endorsed findings on the “Harappan horse” that they got alarmed. Since then, amusingly, their inconclusive paper has been quoted by several Marxist15 historians as the last word on the nonexistence of the horse in the Indus- Sarasvati civilization.16 Even more ironically, when invasionists attempt to trace the introduction of the horse into Europe, they turn to the same Bökönyi!17 His expertise was never in question in Europe, but is unacceptable in India.

The old argument that so-called horse remains invariably belong to species of wild ass such as the onager (Equus hemionus onager), the khur (Equus hemionus khur), or the plain ass (Equus asinus) is unacceptable, firstly because it is sweeping in nature and produces little or no evidence, secondly because in several cases, experts have simultaneously reported remains of the wild ass from the very same sites, which implies some ability to distinguish between those species.18

Depictions of the horse and the spoked wheel

The Harappans certainly built much of their religious symbols around animals, depicting many of them on their seals and tablets, in terracotta figurines, or as pottery motifs. While it is true that the horse does not appear on the Harappan seals (except if we were to accept the conjecture by S. R. Rao26 and a few other scholars that the composite animal represented on thousands of seals as a unicorn actually has a horse’s head), it has been hastily claimed that the animal is never depicted at all.

A horse figurine did emerge at Mohenjo-daro (Fig. 2), which drew the following comment from E. J. H. Mackay, one of the early excavators at the site:

Perhaps the most interesting of the model animals is one that I personally take to represent a horse. I do not think we need be particularly surprised if it should be proved that the horse existed thus early at Mohenjo-daro.27

Horse,Harappa, Archeological Site.
Remains of Horse,Harappa.

Horse in Mohenjo-Daro.

Horse remains are found in Lothal also.

For more check the Link.

Published in the Journal of Indian History and Culture of the C. P. Ramaswami Aiyar Institute of Indological Research, Chennai, September 2006, No.13, pp. 33-59.

Surinam Named after Krishna Guyana Hidden Western Shore,Hindu Roots Meso Americas

Sage Kasyapa is found in all world cultures.

Temple of Makaratdwaja,son of Hanuman is found in Honduras.

Cameroonians speak Tamil ,a language of India,which is over three thousand years old.

Now more on Meso Americas.

Sanatana Dharma,Hinduism was present in all ancient cultures and civilisations.

It was present in Sumerian,Minoan, Egyptian,Mayan,Inca civilisations.

One can find Archeological, Astronomical,Etymological and cultural evidence to prove this fact.

I have written on Mesoamerican civilisations and their roots in Sanatana Dharma.

What is Meso America?

Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries’ (wiki).

Mexico,Aztecs followed Sanatana Dharma,Caste system,Upanayana

Astabhuja ,Eight Armed Devi worshipped in Mexico

Navaratri,Rama Sits Festival in Mexico

Madurai ,India Temple design in Guatemala Chichen Itza

Hindu Temple Ruins in Mexico

Hindus Yaksha city in Mexico.Mayans Tamils

Americas Patala of Hinduism

Mayan Civilization,Shiva’s Earrings,Vishnu Para ,Navagraha

Sage Kasyapa is found in all world cultures.

Temple of Makaratdwaja,son of Hanuman is found in Honduras.

Cameroonians speak Tamil ,a language of India,which is over three thousand years old.

Now more on Meso Americas.

The Hindus of antiquity had an ancient astro-geographical map with four lotus petals pointing in the cardinal directions, called Mt. Meru (the world mountain). The point of the left petal fell on a seaport called Ketumala or Chetumala. Both pronunciations were used. The lower center petal was Jambudvipa (subcontinent India ).

One day, I decided to examine a map of Meso-America in order to find out whether a Chetumala or Ketumala ever existed there. It did not take me long to find out that Chetumal is even now a safe port in what is presently Belize, Central America. (See the illustrations below). The name of this port of Chetumal has never changed in all these thousands of years. According to the available evidence, I knew I had found the Chetumala depicted on the point of the left petal of the Mt. Meru drawing. But the skeptics and so-called ‘historians and mytholigists’ who are dead set against India knowing the truth about herself, for foolish reasons only they can know, insisted that the Central American Chetumal was just a coincidence. What I have never revealed to anyone until now is that the Belize Chetumal is absolutely nothing compared to the total proof you will learn in my upcoming conclusion to this article. However, my life is steadily going to its inevitable end. In order to produce fascinating articles, I have spent too much time writing anti-climaxes, while simultaneously honing my own historical skills to near perfection, building up to the time when the hero finally gets the girl. I must act now while there is still time.

See figures towards the end of the article.

You will notice that just to the left of the Chetumal petal there is a body of water called the Kashyapa Sea . A meaning of Kashyapa is ‘sea turtle; tortoise.’ We now call the Kashyapa Sea the Caribbean Sea . It is commonly known that more sea turtles of different species inhabit Meso–America and Eastern Central America than any other place in the world. One species in the region, the Hawksbill, has always been hunted for its beautiful shell which, for thousands of years, has been used to make fine ornaments. In ancient days, there were uncountable millions of Hawksbills in the Caribbean Sea . Because of centuries of feverish and constant harvesting, the Hawksville population has shrunk to an estimated 22,000 nesting females. Belize itself is a composite Sanskrit word Bala= Facing the East; The Rising Sun. Isha or Isa = God Shiva. Belize indeed faces the east.

But not even this is enough proof for those wanting to keep India hidden under the rug. So now it’s time to reveal something that no rug can ever hide. Chetumala or Ketumala is not the official name of the left petal. It is the official name of the harbor itself. The full territory was called Aparagoyana or just Goyana ( Guyana )! Apara=Western; being in the west of; a bad shore. Guh=concealed; hide; keep secret; a hiding place; filth; etc. Yana=journey; going; moving; riding; a vehicle of any kind; ship, etc. (See ancient Geography of Ayodhya, by Dr. Shyam Narain Pande; p. 8, plus 87 other references listed in the Internet.)

Aparagoyana ( Guyana ) clearly tells us that the Guhyakas and the Rakshasas were being exiled to Guyana because the civilized world was ashamed of them. Today, the name Guyana has shrunk to just the top right half of South America, but a sizable portion of the territory still retains enough of the ancient name of the left petal to let us know that the total region was in no way named Ketu Mal but Apara-Guyana. On the map itself, you will see Guyana as the first nation. The second nation’s name has been changed to Suriname, which is also derived from Sanskrit. Suri is a name of God Krishna. Nama=Named. The third one at the right is French Guiana or French Guyana.





Kashmir,Kasyapapura Kaspapyros Kaspeiria 50000 Years Old Mammoth Fossil. Missing

Indian geologists say they have unearthed the 50,000-year-old fossil of an elephant in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The fossil was discovered in a field of saffron at Gallander, east of Srinagar, the state’s summer capital, by geology students who immediately called in experts.

The geologists say this indicates that Kashmir, situated on the edge of the Himalayas, had a warm climate several thousand years ago.

Kashmir, India was the abode of Sage Kasyapa.

It is quite ancient and the origin of the name of Kashmir was from Sage Kasyapa.

In peace, sons bury their fathers. In war, fathers bury their sons.” Greek Philosopher, Herodotus” On Kashmir.

One of the neanings of the Sanskrit word Kasyapa is Turtle.

The Turtle name figures in ancient legends in connection with Earth and it is stated that the Earth is on the back of the Turtle.

The Eight Mammoths,Elephants support the Earth, one each for one direction, according to Hindu Puranas.

Sage Kasyapa is one of the Seven Seers,who transcend Time and live even after the Dissolution of the Universe,Pralaya.

These seven Seers change fir Each Manvantara,A Time Scale of Hinduism,which runs into thiusands of years.

For details on Seven Seers,Saptha Rishis and Manvantara, please read my articles on these.

Kasyapa is found in world legends,and is not restricted to India.

Caspian Sea is named after him, Kashyap Sagar.

He is also found in Europe,and Newzealand.

Kaśyapa, alternatively kacchapa, means “turtle” in Sanskrit. According to Michael Witzel, it is related to Avestan kasiiapa, Sogdian kyšph, New Persian kašaf, kaš(a)p which mean “tortoise”, after which Kashaf Rūd or a river in Turkmenistan and Khorasan is named. Others trace it to Tokarian Bkaccāp (“brainpan”), Polish kacap (czerep, “brainpan”, “hardliner”), Tokarian A kāccap (“turtle”, “tortoise)’

..n some Puranas, Kashyapa is said to have drained the Kashmir valley to make it inhabitable. Some interpret this legend to parallel the legend of Buddhist Manjushri draining Nepal and Tibet, wherein the “draining” is an allegory for teaching ideas and doctrines, removing stagnant waters of ignorance and extending learning and civilization into the valley. The Sindh city Multan (now in Pakistan), also called Mulasthana, has been interpreted alternatively as Kashyapapura in some stories after Kashyapa. Yet another interpretation has been to associate Kashyapa as River Indus in the Sindh region. However, these interpretations and the links of Multan as Kashyapapura to Kashmir have been questioned.


Kashmir name.

The Sanskrit word for Kashmir was káśmīra. The Nilamata Purana describes the Valley’s origin from the waters, a lake called Sati-saras.A popular, but uncertain, local etymology of Kashmira is that it is land desiccated from water.

An alternative, but also uncertain, etymology derives the name from the name of the sage Kashyapa who is believed to have settled people in this land. Accordingly, Kashmir would be derived from either kashyapa-mir (Kashyapa’s Lake) or kashyapa-meru (Kashyapa’s Mountain)..

In the Rajatarangini, a history of Kashmirwritten by Kalhana in the mid-12th century, it is stated that the valley of Kashmir was formerly a lake. According to Hindumythology, the lake was drained by the great rishi or sage, Kashyapa, son of Marichi, son of Brahma, by cutting the gap in the hills at Baramulla (Varaha-mula).When Kashmir had been drained, Kashyapa asked Brahmins to settle there. This is still the local tradition, and in the existing physical condition of the country, we may see some ground for the story which has taken this form.The name of Kashyapa is by history and tradition connected with the draining of the lake, and the chief town or collection of dwellings in the valley was called Kashyapa-pura, which has been identified with Kaspapyros of Hecataeus (apud Stephanus of Byzantium) and Kaspatyros of Herodotus (3.102, 4.44).Kashmir is also believed to be the country meant by Ptolemy‘s Kaspeiria...

The earlier researches traced the History of Kashmir to 3920 CE based on archeological site ubearthed.

Earliest Neolithic sites in the flood plains of Kashmir valley are dated to c. 3000 BCE. Most important of these sites are the settlements at Burzahom, which had two Neolithic and one Megalithic phases. First phase (c. 2920 BCE) at Burzahom is marked by mud plastered pit dwellings, coarse pottery and stone tools.

However the fossil find of a Mammoth is dated around fifty thousand years ago.

Indian geologists say they have unearthed the 50,000-year-old fossil of an elephant in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The fossil was discovered in a field of saffron at Gallander, east of Srinagar, the state’s summer capital, by geology students who immediately called in experts.

The geologists say this indicates that Kashmir, situated on the edge of the Himalayas, had a warm climate several thousand years ago.

The find consists of a skull measuring 5ft by 4ft (1.5m by 1.2m) with complete lower and upper jaws, a broken tusk measuring and a vertebra...

Hence it may be deduced that Kashmir is about 59,000 Years old.



. In Kashmir, the valley of Kashmir, it appears it was many years
ago a lake. Now, there is an ancient Sanskrit manuscript that tells of
a lake that existed in that area, so that account is there in some ancient
writings. Now, according to modern geological reporting, about 40,000
years ago Kashmir was indeed a lake in the valley of Kashmir in northern
India. It was covered by a huge lake and it was blocked on the southern
end by a little range of mountains. And at a certain point, something
happened and it broke open and the lake drained out. That happened
about 40,000 to 50,000 years ago. So, it is interesting that you’ve got
this ancient historical record that talks about this lake. And if it is to be
taken literally, then it means that somebody must have seen this lake
as it existed 50,000 years ago and wrote about it.”

Fossil missing!

In 2007, the mammoth was “secretly” removed from its makeshift tin shed at the excavation site and shifted to University of Jammu. The fossil had become a bone of contention between Universities of Kashmir and Jammu, with former accusing latter of “clandestinely” shifting it without their knowledge in 2007.

For several years, the mammoth skull with complete lower and upper jaws and a broken tusk was gathering dust in corridor of the Jammu University’s Geology department. The fossil was later shifted to newly set up Wadia Museum of natural history in the varsity.


was shocked to learn from the Jammu University authorities that the mammoth is not there,” said Khalid Bashir Ahmad, a former KAS officer who retired as secretary Cultural Academy.

Bashir said during his research for a write up, he had sought information on the mammoth from Jammu University through an RTI application on November 22, 2017.

Bashir said he had asked for details about how the fossil reached Jammu University. “I had also sought information on the action taken against the person who removed it from Galandhar since his act was unauthorized and illegal,

Nataraja,Shiva In Orion Constellation, Cave Arts As Hunter Kratha Shiva

The Nazca Lines of Peru looks like Shiva’s Trishul.

It also seems to be OM in Tamil Brahmi Script.

Orion Constellation resembles Hunter.

Lord Shiva is called Kratha,The Hunter and the only temple of Shiva as Kratha,The Hunter is in Kerala,India.

This temple is for the son of Shiva.

After Lord Shiva granted the Pasupatha Astra to Arjuna, Lor Shiva and Parvathy had a son.

He is worshiped as Vettukorumakan in Kerala and some parts of Tamil Nadu.

All civilizations have references to Celestial phenomena.

The refer constellations,Milky way or some Zodiac signs.

The Zodiac signs are alluded to Legends, Mythology and faith systems of a particular race or civilization.

Some researchers have linked these concepts to UFO,Aliens, Ancient Space Technology.

Thus we find sculptures, Petroglyphs ((Rock Art) Cave paintings of ancient sites unearthed.

We have the Nazca Lines,Peru, Stonehenge in UK ,Cave arts in France, Germany,Tibet, Romania, Australia and in Karnataka,Tamil Nadu and other parts of India.

We do find sculptures of this type in many temples of India,where one can find Astronaut costumes,UFO like sculptures.

And unique to Hinduism is the fact that every event is marked ,referred to and linked to Celestial phenomenon.

And many temples were built, aligned to Cosmic presence or constellations.

These temples,or some of them are linked to Earth’s features like its Geomagnetic activity ot its centre.

Gods in Hinduism are linked to celestial events..

Vishnu’s foot print in sky,

Vishnu’s Discus as Andromeda Galaxy,

‘ I am producing information on Eight Shiva Temples of Shiva.

They are located in the same Longitude,

79* 41.

Nataraja temple,Chidambaram,Tamil Nadu,which is designed after Orion Constellation’s Supernova explosion.

There is Empty Space in the enclosure adjacent to Nataraja idol in the temple.

Aarthi is performed to this Space after an Aarthi is offered to Nataraja.

This empty Space reflects the Abstract principle Brahman, the Reality.

Researches have been conducted on this temple on various aspects, its construction, Roof, Pillars, Magnetic Radiation,

Natarja’s Big Toe is presumed to represent the center of the universe.

It is also stated that Lord Nataraja ‘s big toe is the Centre Point of World ‘s Magnetic Equator.

Chidambaram ,Kanchipuram and Sri Kalahasti lie in a straight line at 79* 41 East Longitude…

Nataraja Temple Chidambaram represents Supernova Explosion 1054 AD

Now evidence has come to light that this Hunter Constellation,Orion,is found in the Petroglyphs in Tamil Nadu, especially in Narthamalai,Dindigul District,Tamil Nadu,India.

These are found elsewhere in India.

Will be writing on this.

It is curious to note that Shiva legends in some form or other is present in all world civilizations.

The Nazca Lines of Peru looks like Shiva’s Trishul.

It also seems to be OM in Tamil Brahmi Script.

Orion Constellation resembles Hunter.

Lord Shiva is called Kratha,The Hunter and the only temple of Shiva as Kratha,The Hunter is in Kerala,India.

This temple is for the son of Shiva.

After Lord Shiva granted the Pasupatha Astra to Arjuna, Lor Shiva and Parvathy had a son.

He is worshiped as Vettukorumakan in Kerala and some parts of Tamil Nadu.

Vettukorumakan, means son of Hunter.

When one finds these references around the world, the Shiva presence around the world is more than a coincidence.
And we have the Petroglyphs!
The Orion is a prominent Constellation located in the celestial equator and visible in the entire world. It is one of the most commonly visible and recognizable constellation.

The distinctive pattern of Orion has been recognized in numerous cultures around the world, and many myths have been associated with it. It has also been used as a symbol in the modern world.
At Narthamalai there is a Pictograph of a Hunter and other Pictographs of three different human figures as single group are drawn in white color. It is drawn on celling of the Shelter, which is underneath of a hill known as Aalurutimalai.
Narthamalai is located at 10.51 degree N and 78.76 degree E. The Orion is clearly visible in the night sky from December to June,and it will raise at different location from east to west an altitude of + or – 10 degree with refer to celestial equator.
The Orion Constellation


Figure -1

Figure -1 has to be compared with, “One of the most splendid of all constellations in sky is Orion, the Hunter (Kaalpurusha)*. Visible in the night sky all through the winter months, it is one of the easiest to identify. Its seven main stars, two of which are the first magnitude, make up the distinctive figure of a man the hunter wielding a club in his right hand and a shield in his left hand. He has a sword hanging from his belt.” (* BimanBasu, The joy of star watching; 1999, Published by National book trust, India. P. 36.)


The seven figures are found in a rock art drawn in black color in Kozhiyuthu, near Palani, Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu, India.
Figure -2 has to be compared with “One of the symbol of Jainism* is a standing human figure with both hands rested on the hip”.
(Thanks to : *The 18th Century A.D., Jaina diagram of Puruuskarayantra- Philip Rawson, The art of Tantra, 1973-1978, published by Oxford University Press, New york and Toronto, ps. 152-153)
Figures – 3 and 4
The figures-3 and 4 is appears to be representing the hunter. Figure -3 is the Mrigasirus or Lambda Orionis which marks the hunter’s head as an animal.
The word “Orion” is appears to be originated from a Tamil Word “Orai”. According to ancient time measurement – 2.5 naligai is equal to one Orai *. The Naligai and Oraiare the unit of time measurement of time “Kaal or Kalam”. (*Ramalingagurukal, JothitagrahaChindamani(Periyavarushathinool, 2000, published by B.RathinaNayakar and sons, Chennai.79, p. 5)
Time Measurements*
2 Kannimai = 1 Nodi (Kai Nodi)
2 Kai Nodi = 1 Maattirai


Mattirai = 1 Guru


Guru = 1 Uyir


Uyir = 1 sanigam


2 Sanigam = 1 Vinadi


0 Vinadi = 1 Naaligai


.5 Naaligai = 1 Orai (Hour)


.75 Naligai = 1 Muhuurtham


Muhuurtham = 1 Caamam


Caamam = 1 Poludu


Poludu = 1 Naal (day)


5 Naal = 1 Pakkam


Pakkam = 1 Maadam (month)


Maadam = 1 Ayanam


Ayanam = 1 Aandu (year)


0 Aandu = 1 Vattam (Circle)


Tamil EluthiyalPairchi” – Dr.K.Balasubramanian, Published by Sarasvathi Mahal Library, Tanjavur. P. 19.

For more,Measurements Hinduism Tamil in this site

omments of Gary A David
“I am the Author of “The Orion Zone” and four more books on Archaeo-Astronomy, concentrating on the southwestern area of the United States. I have also have been featured on international radio interviews and on U.S. television programs.
Since 1997, I have studied Orion and various man-made structures and Rock Art that represent this Constellation. All over the globe, Orion- pattern in the sky is frequently reproduced by certain megalithic constructions on the ground. (Mega- means “large” and lithic means “stone.”) In essence, the earth structures mirror the pattern in the sky.
In addition, the rising and setting of Orion- stars are sometimes lined up with certain astronomical markers. Various cultural sites in Peru, Mesoamerica, North America, Great Britain, Ireland, Europe, Africa, and Egypt, along with other locations across the world, concentrate on this particular constellation with an archetypal intensity.
Now we have a solid proof of the “Orion archetype” found in the pictographs (rock paintings) of Narthamalai, Tamil Nadu, dated to 1500 BC or earlier. Painted in white, a human figure is seen with the typical upraised right arm as well as the left arm holding either a shield or club or spear. Associated with this figure is a representation of two triangles with their apexes touching.
This type of figure is also found in Rock Art of the Americas and Africa. In North America it signifies warfare between Native American tribes. For the Igbo tribe of Nigeria it signifies the Great Mother Goddess called Mbari. In India this double-triangle may represent the Female- Male complex. It may also represent the ‘hurglass drum’or ‘dumroo’,a two-headedsacred drum of Lord Shiva.

Source for Block Quote.

Akasa,Cloud Application of The Universe.

At the Macro level all elements lie dormant and can be traced back to Akasa.

Everything, including the Human body and the Universe.

They draw out from Akasa as we download from Cloud through Apps.

Indian philosophy describes the Evolution of the Universe in Vedas.
Vedas are the basic scriptures of Hinduism.
The texts of the Vedas lend themselves to three meanings at least.
Interpretation depends on one’s understanding of Sanskrit.
First is the literal translation.
The next is a scientific explanation or Truth.
The Third is the Philosophical explanation.
It is the core thought of Hinduism that,
The Reality is A Principle,
It is beyond Attributes,
It evolves into the world of Names and Forms,
The physical world is illusory and Real,both at the same time,
One can Realize It,called Brahman, by efforts.
While describing how the world comes into being, Hinduism explains thus.
First there was Reality,
It ,because of Nescience,Maya,got diversified,
It had Ahankaara,the feeling of ‘I’
Out of this came Mahat,the fundamental principle of the physical world.
This Mahat is constituted of three dispositions.
They are,
Sattva,serene,detached,learned and wise,
Rajas,the active, emotional,involved, and
Tamas,the full,inert,inert,ignorant.
One is a mixture of these Dispositions.
Because of these, arose the five underlying principles of Perception,namely,seeing,hearing, speaking,Smelling and the sense of touch.

From this came the Five organs of Knowledge.

The knowledge of Seeing,touching etc

Then evolved the Five organs of actions,

That is the Act of Seeing, Touching etc.

This is different from the knowledge of Seeing.

This description is for the individual.

For the Universal level.

From Akasa,Vayu,Air,

Vayu to Agni, Fire

Agni to Water,Aapa,

Water to Earth,Prithvi,

Earth to Plants,herbs,Aushada.

‘Aakasaath Vayu,

Vayoor Agni,

Agne Aapaha,

Athyap Prithvi,

Prithvyaa Ooshadayaha’

Dwitheeteeya Prasna,Sikshavalli,Taittriya Upanishad.

The term Akasa is translated as Ether,Space.

Both fall short of conveying the full import of the term ‘Akasa’

Akasa is subtle and is the core of Vayu,air and Air springs forth from it.

Akasa is the repository of Sound,Vibration.

In Indian philosophy,sound is the fundamental principle.

All elements Spring from it.

The formation of speech has three levels.

Concept level,

Formation from Concept into Language,

Communicating through Language.

The First is Gayatri,

The next is Savitri,when thoughts lie dormant awaiting to be transformed into Language and

Communication,through Language, Saraswathi.

We grab sounds from the Universe and express in a unique way shaped by our Dispositions,Guna.

At the Macro level all elements lie dormant and can be traced back to Akasa.

Everything, including the Human body and the Universe.

They draw out from Akasa as we download from Cloud through Apps.

Akasa is the Cloud Storage of the Universe.

Some salient features of Akasa.

It is Void.

It is devoid of Directions.

This is illustrated in the Natarja Temple,Chidambaram,Tamil Nadu.

This is expressed in the sanctum of Chidambaram Nataraja

While on this, I came across an article that states that Akasa principle is Sumerian!

Yet another proof that Hinduism influenced Sumerian civilization.

Perhaps the person we need to turn to when speaking about the Akasha or ether is a man whose importance has not been truly appreciated: Nikola Tesla—a genius polymath, inventorand a mechanical and electrical engineer.
In an interview dubbed Man’s Greatest Achievement, Nikola Tesla said: “All perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the Akasha or luminiferous ether, which is acted upon by the life-giving Prana or creative force, calling into existence, in never-ending cycles all things and phenomena.”However, even before Nikola Tesla, philosophers and ancient scholars wondered whether the so-called ether existed.If we take a look at the ‘Indian Travels of Apollonius of Tyana,’ we will find further mention of the so-called ether.If we take a look at ancient Hinduism, Akash is the fifth of the ‘five great elements’:prthivi (earth)apa (water)agni (fire)vaiu (air)akashá (ether)

“And they allowed Apollonius to ask questions; and he asked them of what they thought the cosmos was composed”;but they replied; “Of elements.”…Are there then four?” he asked. “Not four,” said Larchas, “but five.”“And how can there be a fifth,” said Apollonius, “alongside water and air and earth and fire?”“There is the ether,” replied the other, “which we must regard as the stuff of which gods are made; for just as all mortal creatures inhale the wire, so do immortal and divine natures inhale the ether.”“Am I,” said Apollonius, “to regard the universe as a living creature?” “Yes,” answered the other.So what are the Akashic Records?Alice A. Bailey wrote in her book Light of the Soul on The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali – Book 3 – Union achieved and its Results (1927):The akashic record is like an immense photographic film, registering all the desires and earth experiences of our planet. Those who perceive it will see pictured thereon: The life experiences of every human being since time began, the reactions to experience of the entire animal kingdom, the aggregation of the thought-forms of a karmic nature (based on desire) of every human unit throughout time. Herein lies the great deception of the records. Only a trained occultist can distinguish between actual experience and those astral pictures created by imagination and keen desire.The meaning of Akashic records can be summed up as the ‘data’ that in theory exists in a single place, in a non-physical way, outside of time and space.In these, records we can discover the absolute knowledge and experience of our soul; almost as if it were part of a supercomputer of cosmic information where our past lives, the present and future possibilities (forming part of the theory of reincarnation), as well as the sense of our existence, reside.

Reference and citation.

Naivedya Prarthana Pradakshina Ahuthi in Pre Islamic Arabia

Pre Islamic society borrowed the conceptsl of Hinduism either directly or through the Hitties/Sumeria.

Prophet had destroyed 360 Idols in Kaaba.

There were four Major Deities.



Al-Uzza and


I have written on the religious practices in Kaaba are similar to what is practiced in sanatana dharma, Hinduism.

Vedic practices in Islam ,Kaaba

Pre Islamic society borrowed the conceptsl of Hinduism either directly or through the Hitties/Sumeria.

Prophet had destroyed 360 Idols in Kaaba.

There were four Major Deities.



Al-Uzza and


(Will be writing on these Deities)

Ghazni invaded and destroyed Somnath temple, believing that a an idol of Manat was spirited away to Somnath temple,India.

I am quoting from Islamic source.

My comments are in Itlalics..

Some features of their worship of idols were:
Self-devotion to the idols, seeking refuge with them, acclamation of their names, calling for their help in hardship, and supplication to them for fulfillment of wishes, hopefully that the idols (i.e., heathen gods) would mediate with Allâh for the fulfillment of people’s wishes.

Performing pilgrimage to the idols, circumrotation round them, self-abasement and even prostrating themselves before them.

This is Theertha yatra,pradakshina and prarthana of Hinduism.

Seeking favour of idols through various kinds of sacrifices and immolation.


Consecration of certain portions of food, drink, cattle, and crops to idols. Surprisingly enough, portions were also consecrated to Allâh Himself, but people often found reasons to transfer parts of Allâh’s portion to idols, but never did the opposite. To this effect, the Qur’ânic verses go:

This is Naivedya and offering Aahuthi.

“And they assign to Allâh a share of the tilth and cattle which He has created, and they say: ‘This is for Allâh according to their pretending, and this is for our (Allâh’s so-called) partners.’ But the share of their (Allâh’s so-called) ‘partners’, reaches not Allâh, while the share of Allâh reaches their (Allâh’s so-called) ‘partners’. Evil is the way they judge.” [6:136]

Carrying favours with these idols through votive offerings of crops and cattle, to which effect, the Qur’ân goes:

Hinduism offers cattle to deities even today.

Dedication of certain animals (such as Bahira, Sa’iba, Wasila and Hami) to idols, which meant sparing such animals from useful work for the sake of these heathen gods. Bahira, as reported by the well-known historian, Ibn Ish, was daughter of Sa’iba which was a female camel that gave birth to ten successive female animals, but no male ones, was set free and forbidden to yoke, burden or being sheared off its wool, or milked (but for guests to drink from); and so was done to all her female offspring which were given the name ‘Bahira’, after having their ears slit. The Wasila was a female sheep which had ten successive female daughters in five pregnancies. Any new births from this Wasila were assigned only for male people. The Hami was a male camel which produced ten progressive females, and was thus similarly forbidden.


The Arabs believed that such idols, or heathen gods, would bring them nearer to Allâh, lead them to Him, and mediate with Him for their sake, to which effect, the Qur’ân goes:

“We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allâh.” [39:3], and

“And they worship besides Allâh things that hurt them not, nor profit them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allâh.” [10:18]

in whatever Form you worship, all come to me
-Bhagavad Gita.
Akasaath pathitham ……sloka states,
Just as water,whatever be its form,rivers,rivulets,rain…reaches the Ocean finally,whatever Gods/Forms you worship ,all of them reach Me…Krishna.
This is recited thrice everyday by Brahmins while performing Sandhya vandana.

Another divinatory tradition among the Arabs was casting of Azlam (i.e. featherless arrows which were of three kinds: one showing ‘yes’, another ‘no’ and a third was blank) which they used to do in case of serious matters like travel, marriage and the like. If the lot showed ‘yes’, they would do, if ‘no’, they would delay for the next year. Other kinds of Azlam were cast for water, blood-money or showed ‘from you’, ‘not from you’, or ‘Mulsaq’ (consociated). In cases of doubt in filiation they would resort to the idol of Hubal, with a hundred-camel gift, for the arrow caster. Only the arrows would then decide the sort of relationship.If the arrow showed (from you), then it was decided that the child belonged to the tribe; if it showed (from others), he would then be regarded as an ally, but if (consociated) appeared, the person would retain his position but with no lineage or alliance contract.

This was very much like gambling and arrow-shafting whereby they used to divide the meat of the camels they slaughtered according to this tradition.

Moreover, they used to have a deep conviction in the tidings of soothsayers, diviners and astrologers. A soothsayer used to traffic in the business of foretelling future events and claim knowledge of private secrets and having jinn subordinates who would communicate the news to him. Some soothsayers claimed that they could uncover the unknown by means of a granted power, while other diviners boasted they could divulge the secrets through a cause-and-effect-inductive process that would lead to detecting a stolen commodity, location of a theft, a stray animal, and the like. The astrologer belonged to a third category who used to observe the stars and calculate their movements and orbits whereby he would foretell the future. Lending credence to this news constituted a clue to their conviction that attached special significance to the movements of particular stars with regard to rainfall.

The belief in signs as betokening future events, was, of course common among the Arabians. Some days and months and particular animals were regarded as ominous. They also believed that the soul of a murdered person would fly in the wilderness and would never rest at rest until revenge was taken. Superstition was rampant. Should a deer or bird, when released, turn right then what they embarked on would be regarded auspicious, otherwise they would get pessimistic and withhold from pursuing it.

This is Prasna,Naimithika and Arul vaaku

People of pre-Islamic period, whilst believing in superstition, they still retained some of the Abrahamic traditions such as devotion to the Holy Sanctuary, circumambulation, observance of pilgrimage, the vigil on ‘Arafah and offering sacrifices, all of these were observed fully despite some innovations that adulterated these holy rituals. Quraish, for example, out of arrogance, feeling of superiority to other tribes and pride in their custodianship of the Sacred House, would refrain from going to ‘Arafah with the crowd, instead they would stop short at Muzdalifah. The Noble Qur’ân rebuked and told them:

“Then depart from the place whence all the people depart.” [2:199]

Another heresy, deeply established in their social tradition, dictated that they would not eat dried yoghurt or cooked fat, nor would they enter a tent made of camel hair or seek shade unless in a house of adobe bricks, so long as they were committed to the intention of pilgrimage. They also, out of a deeply-rooted misconception, denied pilgrims, other than Makkans, access to the food they had brought when they wanted to make pilgrimage or lesser pilgrimage.

They ordered pilgrims coming from outside Makkah to circumambulate Al-Ka‘bah in Quraish uniform clothes, but if they could not afford them, men were to do so in a state of nudity, and women with only some piece of cloth to hide their groins’

This portion reminds me of Tantra ,Kaaplika worship of Shiva, Shakti.

Reference and citation.

Essence Of Devotion Bhakti Twelve Azhwars of Tamil Overview

Goosebumps all over,Flowing Tears from the eyes,

Overflowing Bliss makes one lose one’s mind,

Failed words, all these make one lose balance,

If these be the Divinity of Abhirami Experience,may it be the Best’

Azhwars have also explained on similar forceful lines of Divine Experience.

Will be writing on them individually.

I have been blessed with friendships with some great personalities in the field Arts, Literature and Philosophy.

In the field of Arts I had the fortune of gaining the friendships of Poet Laureate,Kavignar Kannadasan ,who was a great Film Lyricist and a Classical Tamil poet.

And Ranganathan,called Vaali,Film Lyricist and a Tamil poet of great learning.

If Kannadasan’s lyrics ,poems drew from life,experience ,touched one’s heart,Vaali,touched you with imagery and the handling of Tamil language.

Once I asked Vaali as to how he could write such exquisite Lyrics,using slightly modified Classical Tamil and why he professes the Name of Subrahmanya,Murugan at all times,sports Kumkum on the forehead,despite him being Vaishnava.

To the second question he replied that Tamil was his passion and Murugan being identified with Tamil, he was fond of Murugan.

He also added that his song on Murugan’Karpanai Enraalum Karchilai enraalum Kandahar Unai Maraven,made him popular.

(Be it be said you are a figment of imagination,or be a Stone, Never will I forget you).

As to his mastery over Tamil he said that if one were to read the poems of Azhwars,Naalayira Divya Prabhandham,it is more than enough,though reading all Azhwars may take A Lifetime.


If one were to look for Absolute Surrender to God,get immersed in Bhakti and could express the exquisite experience, it was Azhwars.

Nayanmars,the Devotees of Shiva also belong to this class.

What is this experience like?

Abhirami Bhattar ,in His Abhirami Andhadhi Describes thus,

விரும்பித் தொழும் அடியார்விழி நீர்மல்கி,

மெய்புளகம் அரும்பித் ததும்பிய ஆனந்தமாகி, அறிவிழந்து,

கரும்பிற் களித்து, மொழிதடு மாறி முன் சொன்ன எல்லாம்

தரும் பித்தர் ஆவரென்றால் அபிராமி சமயம் நன்றே.-94

Goosebumps all over,Flowing Tears from the eyes,

Overflowing Bliss makes one lose one’s mind,

Failed words, all these make one lose balance,

If these be the Divinity of Abhirami Experience,may it be the Best’

Azhwars have also explained on similar forceful lines of Divine Experience.

Will be writing on them individually.

Azhwars represent total surrender,Saranagathi,echoing the Karna Mantra in The Bhagavad-Gita,

Sarvakarmmaan parithyasja,maameva Charanam vraja,

Aham thva sarvapaapebyo Mokkshamichaami ,Ma Sucha.

Azhwar surrenders thus,

ஊரிலேன் காணியில்லை உறவு மற்றொருவர் இல்லை

பாரில் நின் பாதமூலம் பற்றிலேன் பரம மூர்த்தி

காரொளி வண்ணனே என் கண்ணனே கதறுகின்றேன்

ஆருளர்க் களைகண் அம்மா அரங்க மாநகருளானே.

No place to Dwell,No Property to Own,

Nor do I have anyone,

Neither have I clung to Your Feet,

Krishna,hear my cries of Anguish,

Relieve me ,The One,who is at Srirangam.

And one Azhwar Even Blesses God Vishnu!

பல்லாண்டு பல்லாண்டு பல்லாயிரத்தாண்டு

பலகோடி நூறாயிரம்

மல்லாண்ட திண்தோள் மணிவண்ணா! உன்

சேவடி செவ்வித்திருக்காப்பு

May You Live for Over Thousands of Years,

Over many more,

One who with strong shoulders hardened over many a battle,

May I proceed by Praying your Feet

This item by Periyazhwar,father of Andal,who is also an Azhwar.

Lord Ranganatha married Andal,the adopted daughter of Periyazhwar.

So Vishnu is Azhwars Son in law.

It is traditional in Hinduism forefather in law to Bless thereon in law.

And Azhwar does that.


As was and is the custom in Hinduism,the Bride and the Bridegroom, went around the town after marriage.

Now it has become the case of Reception before marriage!

The Bride was Andal and the Bridegroom,Lord Vishnu.

Place, Madurai.

So handsome were the couple that Father-in-law,Periyazhwar felt Evil Eye might be cast on Vishnu.

Hence this poem to Bless Vishnu?

Which Religion can relate to God at this Personal level?

Or that of a lover,Andal addressing Vishnu thus,

‘This Poem is recited twice when reciting Thiruppavai (Vagak kadla Kadaintha is also recited twice?

The meaning of the words/sentence in Italics convey more than what has been translated.

I am sure my readers can understand.

Tell me, which religion, or Devotee has the courage and conviction to address as Such?

By the way this is yet another Proof that Lord Krishna married the Pandyan Princess Nappinnai.’

There are twelve Azhwars.

The Term Azhwar means’ One who is immersed in’

The word azhwar has traditionally been etymologized as from Tamil. ‘Azh’ (ஆழ்), ‘to immerse oneself’ as ‘one who dives deep into the ocean of the countless attributes of god’ .However recently Indologist S.Palaniappan has shown that what was originally Āļvār (ஆள்வார்) meaning ‘One who rules’, or ‘(Spiritual) Master’ got changed through hypercorrection and folk etymology to Āzhvār (ஆழ்வார்) meaning ‘One who is immersed’.

There is another interpretation.

The term Azhwar can be written and spelled as ஆள்வார்.

This is is written as Alwar in English.

One who rules’ is the meaning.

This could be because the Alwars ruled Tamil Language or to mean ‘those who are immersed in Vishnu would Rule over Mokkshamichaami or Destiny.

Itlaics is my interpretation.

Palaniappan cites inscriptional evidence and even literary evidence from Vaisnhavaite tradition itself for a gradual sound change from āļvār to āzhvār over a period of two centuries from the 9th to the 11th century involving references to religious leaders in Vaishnavism, Shaivism and even Jainism and to political personalities. He states: “āzhvār is but a corrupt form of āļvār which has been used interchangeably with nāyanār in secular and religious contexts in the Tamil land” and “… Notwithstanding the Vaishnava claim of unbroken teacher-student tradition, the fact that Nathamuni has used the form āļvār but Piļļān [A disciple and younger cousin of Rāmānuja] ended up using the form āzhvār suggests that there has been an error in transmission somewhere along the teacher-student chain between the two teachers. This error was obviously due to the influence of the sound variation that has occurred in the Srirangam area and elsewhere”.

The original word ஆள்வார் compares with the epithet ‘Āṇḍãḷ’ ((ஆண்டாள்) for the female canonized Vaishnava saint Gōdai ((கோதை) and they share the same verb Tamil. āḷ ((ஆள்), the former being the honorific non-past (or present-future) form and the latter the feminine past form of that same verb.’

Dates of Alwars are,as usual in Indian History,are disputed,ranging from 4000 CE to 8 Century AD.

The twelve Azhwars List.

These Alwars were born in various parts of our country but they were all united in a common subject, ie dedicating their lives and praising the Lord.

Poigai Alwar, Bhoodath Alwar and Pei Alwar are collectively called as “Mudhal Alwars” were found in the same period of time.

Thirumazhisai Alwar, who thought the Perumal as his friend and has sung Mangalasasanam on Perumal.

Thirumangai Alwar, who was a great king in his starting of life but later, changed his life to work for the Perumal and for his bhaktaas.

Thondaradippodi Alwar, who is also named as “Vipra Narayanar” led his life as the slave to the Perumal and worked for the Perumal by dedicating him with Garlands.

Thiruppaan Alwar, who belonged to the Paanar family, praised the Perumal through his beautiful songs and Paasurams.

Periyalwar, is considered as the Mother, Father for Sri Andal and Father-in-Law to Perumal has sung Mangalasasanam on Perumal.

Sri Andal, who is also called as “Soodikkodutha Sudar Kodi” is said to be the daughter (brought up) of Periyalwar has created “Thiruppavai” in which she considers Sriman Naryanan as her husband. She is the only lady alwar.

Nammalwar, who sat below the Tamarind tree without having any food and sleep got Gnana and has sung Mangalasasanam on Perumal and he has worked hard to spread Sri Vaishnavam.

Madhurakavi Alwar, who is said to be the Sishyan (Student) of Nammalwar is also one among 12 Alwars.

Kulasekara Alwar, have a great bhakti towards Sri Ramar have also done Mangalasasanam on the Perumal particularly in Malayala Naatu thriuppathigal.

Will be writing more on Azhwars ,their dates,works.

Reference and citation.

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