Absolute Time Relative Time Bharatvaja Newton Einstein Agree Details. 

So you shall be dividing the Space between A and B INFINITELY.
This means you will be traveling from A to B INFINITELY.
This means Motion or in this case Travel is Infinite.
IT other words you will never reach Bangalore.
This impasse was solved by Sage Bharatwaja in


These are two concepts that are yet to be clearly understood or defined.

What we now have of them are descriptions at the most in various forms, some of them in the form of Formulae.

To understand what time is let us look at two examples.

1.Let us imagine that we are travelling to Bangalore from Chennai by car.

For easy calculations let us assume the distance between them is 500 miles.

If we travel @ 500 miles per hour we shall reach Bangalore from Chennai.

If the speed is 1000 miles, we shall reach in half an hour.

If it is 2000 miles we will reach in fifteen minutes.

If it is 8 000 miles, we will reach in 3.75 minutes.

At this rate at a particular speed we shall be reaching Bangalore before we left Bangalore.

At the rate of 128000 miles per hour we would reach Bangalore  in. 0039 seconds!

The calculation.



If we extend this logic, we would at a point of speed will be reaching Bangalore before we leave/left Chennai!

That is Time runs backwards.

Einstein, unable to solve the issue in his earlier years declared that nothing can travel faster than Light and if it does, it is not Matter.

Later he revised his views.

But notwithstanding this explanation the question remains.

Another illustration.

Let us imagine that an object has to Travel from point A to B.

Before reaching B from point A you should cross half the distance between A and B.

Let’s call it C.

To reach from A to C  one should pass half the distance between A and C

Call it D.

To reach from A to C, you have to cross half the distance from A and D.

Now remember, Space is infinitely Divisible.

So you shall be dividing the Space between A and B INFINITELY.

This means you will be traveling from A to B INFINITELY.

This means Motion or in this case Travel is Infinite.

IT other words you will never reach Bangalore.

This impasse was solved by Sage Bharatwaja in his work Amritbhoshini.

He distinguishes betwee two classes of Time.

Absolute and Relative.

Absolute Time belongs to a higher plane.

That of Reality where Time is Absolute.

Time as Vedas describe is an aspect of Brahman, the Reality.

The other concept of Time is what we use daily.

IT is Relative Time.

This Time is used when the Nirguna , Beyond Attributes, evolved into Saguna Brahman, the world of Names and Forms.

This is what Bharatwaja says.

Vachya, the Absolute Time, coexistant with Brahman, the Reality and

Avachar, Relative Time of Saguna Brahman, the world of Names and Forms.

This has been stated by him in his work Amshu Bodhini.

This is a book of Aphorisms, Sutra.

The same Thought was expressed by Sage Parashurama in his work Antha Kausthuba Sastra.

I have been able to find a list on this topic along with higher mathematics.

They are twenty four in number.

Shall be writing on these books and the Sutra with explanation.

Now let’s see What Newton, and Einstein have to say on Absolute Time.

Originally introduced by Sir Isaac Newton in Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, the concepts of absolute time and space provided a theoretical foundation that facilitated Newtonian mechanics.[3] According to Newton, absolute time and space respectively are independent aspects of objective reality:[4]
Absolute, true and mathematical time, of itself, and from its own nature flows equably without regard to anything external, and by another name is called duration: relative, apparent and common time, is some sensible and external (whether accurate or unequable) measure of duration by the means of motion, which is commonly used instead of true time …
According to Newton, absolute time exists independently of any perceiver and progresses at a consistent pace throughout the universe. Unlike relative time, Newton believed absolute time was imperceptible and could only be understood mathematically. According to Newton, humans are only capable of perceiving relative time, which is a measurement of perceivable objects in motion (like the Moon or Sun). From these movements, we infer the passage of time.
Absolute space, in its own nature, without regard to anything external, remains always similar and immovable. Relative space is some movable dimension or measure of the absolute spaces; which our senses determine by its position to bodies: and which is vulgarly taken for immovable space … Absolute motion is the translation of a body from one absolute place into another: and relative motion, the translation from one relative place into another …

— Isaac Newton

Quoted below from his later papers, Einstein identified the term aether with “properties of space”, a terminology that is not widely used. Einstein stated that in general relativity the “aether” is not absolute anymore, as the geodesic and therefore the structure of spacetime depends on the presence of matter.[13]
To deny the ether is ultimately to assume that empty space has no physical qualities whatever. The fundamental facts of mechanics do not harmonize with this view. For the mechanical behaviour of a corporeal system hovering freely in empty space depends not only on relative positions (distances) and relative velocities, but also on its state of rotation, which physically may be taken as a characteristic not appertaining to the system in itself. In order to be able to look upon the rotation of the system, at least formally, as something real, Newton objectivises space. Since he classes his absolute space together with real things, for him rotation relative to an absolute space is also something real. Newton might no less well have called his absolute space “Ether”; what is essential is merely that besides observable objects, another thing, which is not perceptible, must be looked upon as real, to enable acceleration or rotation to be looked upon as something real.

— Albert Einstein, Ether and the Theory of Relativity (1920)[14]’

Reference and Citation.


# Explanation of the Featured Image.

Two spheres orbiting around an axis. The spheres are distant enough for their effects on each other to be ignored, and they are held together by a rope. The rope is under tension if the bodies are rotating relative to absolute space according to Newton, or because they rotate relative to the universe itself according to Mach, or because they rotate relative to local geodesics according to general relativity.

Floating City Over China Parallel Universe

The atmospheric condition to ‘facilitate’ the Images seen in China and elsewhere should have been or should be present in many places at any given point of time.

Then why do these images appear only in some areas ?

The other contrived explanation is Fata Morgana.

Chinese Media reported the sighting of Cities appearing over the skyline.


City floats over China
Floating City over China. Image Credit. Huffington Post

People thronged to witness them and they were  filmed.




Onlookers, some who are said to have videoed the bizarre event, were said to be mesmerised  as a towering city of sky scrapers appeared from the clouds.

First thousands reportedly saw a ghostly alien city floating over Foshan in the Guangdong province of China.

A few days later people in the province of Jiang xi, China, also reported seeing a similar cloud city.


here were previous reports of a similar sighting in China in 2011.

YouTube channel Paranormal Crucible said in a video report: “The footage captured by a local resident appears to show a huge city floating in the clouds.

“The apparition, which was witnessed by hundreds of shocked residents, only lasted a few minutes before completely disappearing.”

The channel speculated it could be “the result of a project blue beam test.”

Project Blue Beam is a prolific conspiracy theory which believes NASA will one day

simulate an alien invasion of Earth or second coming of Christ through holograms.’

When Science is unable to explain a phenomena by its known Laws, it says,

‘it is a hoax’,

It is an Illusion’

It is because of…….

Here in the above doted lines you can fill up some high sounding Jargon!

Now the explanation is either this is due to ‘Inversion’

In meteorology, an inversion is a deviation from the normal change of an atmospheric property with altitude. It almost always refers to a “temperature inversion”, i.e. an increase in temperature with height, or to the layer (“inversion layer”) within which such an increase occurs.

An inversion can lead to pollution such as smog being trapped close to the ground, with possible adverse effects on health. An inversion can also suppress convection by acting as a “cap”. If this cap is broken for any of several reasons, convection of any moisture present can then erupt into violent thunderstorms. Temperature inversion can notoriously result in freezing rain in cold climate.,

Usually, within the lower atmosphere (the troposphere) the air near the surface of the Earth is warmer than the air above it, largely because the atmosphere is heated from below as solar radiation warms the Earth’s surface, which in turn then warms the layer of the atmosphere directly above it, e.g., by thermals (convective heat transfer)…’

That means is that what has appeared in China, California and UK are the results of this Inversion.

Inversion need not be restricted to these three or four areas.

The  atmospheric condition to ‘facilitate’ the Images seen in China and elsewhere should have been or should be present in many places at any given point of time.

Then why do these images appear only in some areas ?

The other contrived explanation is  Fata Morgana.

A Fata Morgana (Italian: [ˈfaːta morˈɡaːna]) is an unusual and complex form of superior mirage that is seen in a narrow band right above the horizon. It is the Italian name for the Arthurian sorceress Morgan le Fay, from a belief that these mirages, often seen in the Strait of Messina, were fairy castles in the air or false land created by her witchcraft to lure sailors to their deaths. Although the term Fata Morgana is sometimes applied to other, more common kinds of mirages, the true Fata Morgana is not the same as an ordinary superior mirage, nor is it the same as an inferior mirage.

Fata Morgana mirages significantly distort the object or objects on which they are based, often such that the object is completely unrecognizable. A Fata Morgana can be seen on land or at sea, in polar regions or in deserts. This kind of mirage can involve almost any kind of distant object, including boats, islands and the coastline.

A Fata Morgana is often rapidly changing. The mirage comprises several inverted (upside down) and erect (right side up) images that are stacked on top of one another. Fata Morgana mirages also show alternating compressed and stretched zones.

This explanation is more or less the same, though differs in finer points in therms of the consequences , as Inversion.

The question I have raised about Inversion remains the same for Fata Morgana.

Some other explanations are that NASA and Chinese are testing Hologram technology!

My view is that these are Parallel Universes opening u due to some Glitch for a fraction of time.

Hindu texts speak of Multi Verses and there is instance of the three flying Cities which used to settle in existing cities destroying them.

These three cities were destroyed by Lord Shiva.


Historical evidence places this area in/ around  Atlantis.

The description of Tripura confirmed suspicion that Atlantis is Tripura mentioned in the Purana and destroyed by Lord Shiva.


However, secondary tradition founded by people and limited in time, and the original tradition has superhuman origin and timeless nature. Because of this myth, and even the Bible texts “Egyptian Book of the Dead” is only secondary to the polar revelation contained in the text of “Avesta”, “Rig” and “Popol Vuh.”There is direct textual overlap between the myth of Tripura and dredaniem of Atlantis. First of all, ‘of course, we are talking about uniformity describe the appearance of Tripura and Atlantis. “Matsya Purana” and “Mahabharata” reported three round town, merged into one, and the first one was made of gold, the other – from the silver, and the third – of iron [29].In turn, Plato in the dialogue “Critias” said a central island surrounded by the “alternate water and earth rings (earth was two, and water – three) all larger diameter, conducted as if the compass of the middle of the island, at equal distance from each other”

Tripura Rotating cities in Atlantis , Ramani’s blog

Citation and references.






Twelve Old Astronomical Instruments Of Lalla

While the instruments mentioned in the Surya Siddhanta relate to advanced ones, Lalla’s Astronomical Instruments were are meant for daily use.

That ancient Indians had advanced concepts in Science especially Astronomy.

12 Astronomical Instruments by Lalla.

Please refer my article on Advanced concepts in Science Hinduism.

Also the post on Advanced Astronomical instruments India.

The latter was found in the Surya Siddhanta, which is considered as an authentic source on Astronomy.

In the earlier article I had written on the Astronomical instruments found.

Now there is information about another Astronomer , Mathematician Lalla of Gujarat.

He followed the Surya Siddhanta.

While the instruments mentioned in the Surya Siddhanta relate to advanced ones, Lalla’s Astronomical Instruments were are meant for daily use.

Despite the significance of Lalla’s work, very little is known about his life. Lalla did not record any dates relating to his life or work in his surviving treatises. He is generally placed in the middle of the eighth century on the basis of his borrowings from earlier authors and those of later authors from him. He followed the tradition of Aryabhata I.  His most important work is the Śiṣyadhīvṛddhida (Treatise Which Expands the Intellect of Students), which, as he says, was composed to expatiate astronomy as set out by Aryabhata. The Śiṣyadhīvṛddhida is in two sections, entitled Grahādhyāya and Golādhyāya.

The Instruments.




Golo, bhagana, chakra, dhanu, ghati, shanku, shakata, kartaryaha. Pipta, kapal, shalaka, dwadahsa yantrani saha yastya.


Sphere, ring, dial, bow, time measuring water vessel. Gnomon, divider, scissor. Circular seat with central stick, semicircle with stick, combination of sticks, are the twelve instuments along with a stick.

The Gola yantra is a type of armilliary sphere used to locate planetary positions.

Bhangana is a ring with angular graduations alonge its circumference, it is a type of protractor.

Chakra is a circular disk with angular graduations, it is also a type of protractor.

Dhanu is a semicircular disk with angular graduations and a stick pivoted at the center, it is a type of protractor with a plumb bob arrangement.

Ghati is a small vessel with a hole at the bottom. It was used to measure time.

Shanku is a type of gnomon, a long vertical cone used to identify East-West-North-South direction based on shadow of its tip.

A special geometrical construction known a ‘Matsya‘ was used for this purpose. Altitude of sun and day time was also measured with this instrument based on the shadow.

Shakata consists of two ‘V’ shaped sticks, pivoted at the end.

Kartari means a seizer. This instrument is made up of two sticks both pivoted together. It was used like a caliper, and also to measure angle with the help of protractor.

Pitha is a horizontal disk with a vertical stick at its center. It was used to measure local time based on its shadow, it was used to measure the height with the help of special geometrical contruction.

Shalaka is combination of two sticks with a string.

Yasti is just a long stick having standard dimensions, it was used to measure height and distances. Special geometrical constructions were framed to facilitate the use of this stick. These proposed geometrical constructions were to construct the proportionate triangles with the help of which heights of terrestrial objects could be calculated.

Lalla was an eighth-century India.He followed the tradition of Aryabhata I.  His most important work is the Śiṣyadhīvṛddhida (Treatise Which Expands the Intellect of Students), which, as he says, was composed to expatiate astronomy as set out by Aryabhata. The Śiṣyadhīvṛddhida is in two sections, entitled Grahādhyāya and Golādhyāya.  Grahādhyāya deals with planetary calculations, determination of the mean and true planets, three problems pertaining to diurnal motion of Earth, eclipses, rising and setting of the planets, the various cusps of the moon, planetary and astral conjunctions, and complementary situations of the sun and the moon. The second part—titled Golādhyāya deals with graphical representation of planetary motion, astronomical instruments, spherics, and emphasizes on corrections and rejection of flawed principles. It is within Śiṣyadhīvṛddhida that the earliest known description of a perpetuum mobile is described. Lalla also wrote the Jyotiśaratnakośa, a treatise on astrology that survives in the form of several incomplete manuscripts. This work is one of the earliest known Sanskrit astrological works for determining auspicious and inauspicious times. His works were followed by later astronomers Śrīpati, Vateśvara, and Bhaskara II. Lalla also authored the Siddhāntatilaka.

Citation and reference.





Blackhole Singularity Describes Brahman Of Hinduism

Time can be stilled.( Pleased read my post)

Space and Time are the impediments to Realization of Brahman.

Non Sense?

Now let us see what Modern Physics say of this concept.

Time runs backwards,

It recoils.

Ina Blackole, all events appaer to be at a Standstill, toug it is not.

There is a Singularity ina Blackhole which one can not perceive.

Hinduism speaks of The Brahman, as different from Brahma the Creator,as the Ultimate Reality.

It is described as Being, Consciousness and Bliss, Sat, Chit and Ananda.

Blackhole Singularity.Image
A gravitational singularity is hidden within a black hole (Source: Northern Arizona University:

Black hole Singularity.

It is beyond Space and Time,

Is a Principle,

It devolves into Multi Universes,

It is beyond Events and is Uncaused,

It is among the Events and ye beyond them,

It can not be seen or perceived by the senses or the Mind,

It is Hidden from Space and Time,

It is, however seen and perceived as objects of te senses and the perceiver while in its form as the Universe,

These events are Illusory and at the same time are Real,the latter when it is a part of the Reality as Brahman and in the case of the former it is seen as different from the Reality,

That is the world of Names and Forms are illusory at the Realized  Plane, that is from the view-point of Brahman , yet they are Real in the world when they ae in the Time Space bound world of ours.

The Brahman is One, Not Two(Advaita) a Singularity which one can not comprehend.

Time is Non Linear.

It is Cyclic.

It recoils on itself.

There is no beginning or end for Time.

Space is another entity which can be transcended by Time and vice versa.

One can engage in interstellar Travel and on return to earth would find the Earth years different.

When Rama’s ancestor Mandhata went to meet Brahma for 20 minutes(One Nazhigai) and returned he found the Time on Eart as changed.(Visnu Purana)

Time can be stilled.( Pleased read my post)

Space and Time are the impediments to Realization of Brahman.

Non Sense?

Now let us see what Modern Physics says of this concept.

Time runs backwards,

It recoils.

Ina Blackole, all events appaer to be at a Standstill, toug it is not.

There is a Singularity ina Blackhole which one can not perceive.


In the centre of a black hole is a gravitational singularity, a one-dimensional point which contains infinite mass in an infinitely small space, where gravity become infinite and space-time curves infinitely, and where the laws of physics as we know them cease to operate. As the eminent American physicist Kip Thorne describes it, it is “the point where all laws of physics break down”.

Current theory suggests that, as an object falls into a black hole and approaches the singularity at the centre, it will become stretched out or “spaghettified” due to the increasing differential in gravitational attraction on different parts of it, before presumably losing dimensionality completely and disappearing irrevocably into thesingularity. An observer watching from a safe distance outside, though, would have a different view of the event. According torelativity theory, they would see the object moving slower and slower as it approaches the black holeuntil it comes to a complete halt at the event horizon, never actually falling into the black hole.


The existence of a singularity is often taken as proof that the theory of general relativity has broken down, which is perhaps not unexpected as it occurs in conditions where quantum effects should become important. It is conceivable that some future combined theory of quantum gravity (such as current research into superstrings) may be able to describe black holeswithout the need for singularities, but such a theory is still many years away.

According to the “cosmic censorship” hypothesis, a black hole‘s singularity remains hidden behind its event horizon, in that it is always surrounded by an area which does not allowlight to escape, and therefore cannot be directly observed. The only exception the hypothesis allows (known as a “naked”singularity) is the initial Big Bang itself.

It seems likely, then, that, by its very nature, we will never be able to fully describe or even understand the singularity at the centre of a black hole. Although an observer can send signals into a black hole, nothing inside the black hole can ever communicate with anything outside it, so its secrets would seem to be safe forever’



Nataraja Chidambaram Represents Orion Super Nova Explosion 1054 AD

Moreover, the star chart for 1054 AD fitted well the iconometric design of a Nataraja image from Kankoduvanitham archaeometallurgically fingerprinted to the mid-eleventh century AD. Here, the hypothetical position of the crab supernova which exploded in 1054 AD lies near the top left of the head, close to the crescent moon. Chinese records suggest that the crab supernova came into view with a morning crescent moon near it and was visible for 23 days, being four times as bright as Venus

The details that have been taken into account to construct a Temple in India of the olden days is amazing.

These details reveal not only the depth of Devotin to the Deity/ies,but also the deep knowledge they had of the universe and its principles.

Lord Nataraja.jpeg
Lord Nataraja.

The designs of these temples are narrated in the Agama sastra.

Please refer my Posts on this.

The Building of the halls, breaking them up into Praharas(outer Corridor),Mandapas(halls),Artha Mandapas( halls of half the measurement of the Mantapas),Pillared Halls, Sabha Mantapas and the Sanctum, Garbha Gruha…..

all these follow either geological or magnetic , electromagnetic, astronomical principles or all of these put together.

I shall be writing on these aspects of some great temples of India.

I shall start with the Thillai Natarja temple, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India.

More than the well-known Temples, it is the less known temples which have astounding characteristics.

I have written on some of these.

For the present Let me concentrate on Nataraja, Chidambaram.

Nataraja,a form of Shiva, temple in Chidambaram is one of the Pancha Bhutha Sthalas(,Earth, Water, Fire,Air and Ether)

representing the Ether.

There is Empty Space in the enclosure adjacent to Nataraja idol in the temple.

Aarthi is performed to this Space after an Aarthi is offered to Nataraja.

This empty Space reflects the Abstract principle Brahman, the Reality.

Researches  have been conducted on this temple on various aspects, its construction, Roof, Pillars, Magnetic Radiation,

Natarja’s Big Toe is presumed to represent the center of the universe.

It is also stated that Lord Nataraja ‘s big toe is the Centre Point of World ‘s Magnetic Equator.

Chidambaram ,Kanchipuram and Sri Kalahasti lie in a straight line at 79* 41 East Longitude.

Curious as these happen to be among the Panchabhuta Sthalas, Places of Five Elements, Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Ether.

The temple for water is in Thiruvanaikaval, fire is inThiruvannamalai , air is in Kalahasti ,  earth is  in  Kanchipuram  and The temple for space/sky is in Chidambaram.

Earth is nestled between Sky/Ether/Space, Aakasa( Chidambaram) and Air,Vayu(Kalahasti).

Earth is surrounded by Space and Air.

Ans Vishnu’s Nabhi, Navel of Vishnu has been validated as the  Center of Our Galaxy.

Read here.

The Southern Cross and Canopus tally with Trishanku Swarga and Agasthya Star respectively.

Hence I did not want to dismiss the point that Chidambaram being the Centre of earth’s /universe’s Magnetic field.”

Research into the Idol of Lord Nataraja  scholars indicate and confirm that the Idll’s design represents the Crab super Nova Explosion of 1054 AD!

‘Although the Nataraja metal icon with right leg extended was regarded as a tenth century Chola innovation, this study suggested that two fine Nataraja bronzes previously classified as Chola better fitted the metallurgical profile of Pallava bronzes of about 800 AD (Srinivasan 2001, 2004). The likely worship of Nataraja by the Pallava period at Chidambaram with ideas of cosmic creation and destruction is suggested in Manikkavachakar’s Tiruvachakam, which says, ‘Let us praise the Dancer (kuttan) who in good Tillai’s hall dances with fire, who sports (vilaiyatu), creating, destroying, this heaven and earth and all else’ [Dehejia (2002: 103)]. For me, it has been rather lovely and apt, that what had not really been discerned by conventional art history had been revealed through the dance of science and its patterns of elemental and isotopic particles. …

There seem to be astronomical connotations to the rituals associated with Nataraja worship at the Chidambaram temple. Arudra/Ardra darisanam is a ten-day annual festival in December related to the moon being full in the lunar asterism of the naksatra ardra (the reddish star Betelguese or Alpha Orionis), associated with the wrathful aspect of Siva. The constellation of Orion and surrounding stars is bathed in the soft glow of the full moon when it is high in the sky at Chidambaram. A thousand years ago, devoid of the present smog and light flares, the stars must have been even brighter in the tropical night sky.

Another annual festival at Chidambaram, the Brahmotsavam of Ani Thirumanjanam, which is related to the lunar asterism of Uttara Nakshatra around June-July, seems to have begun in the mid-eleventh century from inscription. The Indian zodiac of 360 degrees is divided into 27 parts based on the moon’s sidereal period such that a nakshatra denotes the longitudinal position of the moon within 13 degrees 20 minutes. Thus, by using astronomical software, Dr. Raghavan could ascertain that in 1054 AD the moon would have been full in Uttara Nakshatra on 11 July. This is uncannily close to the date that Chinese astronomers recorded the crab supernova explosion of 4 July! Although this is a preliminary finding, it could suggest a perceived metaphoric link between an observed cosmic phenomenon and notions of cosmic dance.

Indeed, a drawing from a Tamil manuscript sourced by Raja Deekshitar of Chidambaram shows how the Nataraja icon itself was probably traditionally visualized within the stars around Orion. In an exciting collaborative study with Dr. Raghavan, we took some photographs of Nataraja images dated from archaeometallurgical fingerprinting and plotted star charts for the constellation Orion of that corresponding era onto them. As reported in Orientations (Srinivasan, 2006), the star positions were found to a fair extent to correlate with iconometric design as noted in an image in the British Museum attributed from archaeometallurgical fingerprinting to the Pallava period (c. 800 AD). Moreover, the star chart for 1054 AD fitted well the iconometric design of a Nataraja image from Kankoduvanitham archaeometallurgically fingerprinted to the mid-eleventh century AD. Here, the hypothetical position of the crab supernova which exploded in 1054 AD lies near the top left of the head, close to the crescent moon. Chinese records suggest that the crab supernova came into view with a morning crescent moon near it and was visible for 23 days, being four times as bright as Venus. Even American Indians are believed to have made cave paintings of a supernova with a crescent moon. Could it be that the iconometric design of this icon had indeed taken into account the observation of
the supernova explosion?

Crab Nebula Explosin 1054 AD.jpg Crab Nebula Explosin 1054 AD

At any rate, the above studies suggest scope for further investigation into the history of astronomy. No less than celebrated astronomer Carl Sagan suggested that the Nataraja imagery conveyed ‘a premonition of modern astronomical ideas’



Why Moon Is Not Bathed In Earth-shine In Solar Eclipse?

A solar eclipse is a natural event that takes place on Earth when the Moon moves in its orbit between Earth and the Sun (this is also known as an occultation). It happens at New Moon, when the Sun and Moon are in conjunction with each other. If the Moon was only slightly closer to Earth, and orbited in the same plane and its orbit was circular, we would see eclipses each month. The lunar orbit is elliptical and tilted with respect to Earth’s orbit, so we can only see up to 5 eclipses per year. Depending on the geometry of the Sun, Moon and Earth, the Sun can be totally blocked, or it can be partially blocked.

Solar Eclipse.Image.jpg
Solar Eclipse.

Lunar Eclipse.

A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes directly behind the Earth into its umbra (shadow). This can occur only when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are aligned (in “syzygy”) exactly, or very closely so, with the Earth in the middle. Hence, a lunar eclipse can only occur the night of a full moon. The type and length of an eclipse depend upon the Moon’s location relative to its orbital nodes.

On a full moon night you can very clearly see everything. Of course it is not as bright as the sunshine, but everything is very clearly visible. And if you were to view the earth from space on a full moon night it would not be dark. It would be illuminated by the moonshine and all the features of the earth would be clearly visible.

As there is ‘moonshine’ there must also be ‘earthshine’. Much of the earth is covered by water which is a good reflector of sunlight. In fact the scientists say ‘earthshine’ is much brighter than ‘moonshine’. And according to our understanding the earth is enormous in comparison to the size of the moon. So if the moonshine can completely illuminate this earth on a full moon night then the earthshine can completely illuminate the moon.

The ‘earthshine’ bombarding the moon at the time of a total solar eclipse would be at least ten times brighter than the moonshine on the earth on a full moon night.

If Western astronomers are correct the solar eclipse would be the prefect time to see the moon illuminated by earthshine. The shadow created which causes the solar eclipse on earth is, according to NASA, at most 167 miles wide. So if you were sitting on the moon during a solar eclipse you would see an extremely bright earth planet with a dark circle of only 167 miles wide. This is not enough to diminish the earthshine in any significant way. So  even though the sun is behind the moon, the full force of the sunshine is hitting the earth and reflecting off those shiny blue oceans and reflecting off the land also’

On checking up I found that earth shine is not much and hence not visible.

Science talks about Albedo and distances, but that does seem to me a lot of suppositions and wishful thinking.

Earthshine is a soft, faint glow on the shadowed part of the moon caused by the reflection of sunlight from the Earth.

Specifically, Earthshine happens when the light from the sun is reflected from the Earth’s surface, to the moon, and then back to our eyes. Because of this double reflection of light, Earthshine is many, many times dimmer than the direct light of the sun on the moon. Earthshine is even more faint because the moon’s “albedo” (a specific kind of reflectivity) is less than Earth’s. Even though this dim light is only a reflection it can still illuminate some features of the moon.

Earthshine can be best seen during the crescent phases (the 1-5 day period before or after a New Moon). During this time the sun is mostly behind the moon from our perspective and bathing the Earth in a lot of direct light that is reflected onto the shadowed parts of the moon.

Moons orbiting other planets can also experience this phenomenon, generally called “planetshine”

Albedo (/ælˈbd/), or reflection coefficient, derived from Latin albedo “whiteness” (or reflected sunlight) in turn from albus “white”, is thediffuse reflectivity or reflecting power of a surface.

It is the ratio of reflected radiation from the surface to incident radiation upon it. Its dimensionless nature lets it be expressed as a percentage and is measured on a scale from zero for no reflection of a perfectly black surface to 1 for perfect reflection of a white surface.

Albedo depends on the frequency of the radiation. When quoted unqualified, it usually refers to some appropriate average across the spectrum of visible light. In general, the albedo depends on the directional distribution of incident radiation, except for Lambertian surfaces, which scatter radiation in all directions according to a cosine function and therefore have an albedo that is independent of the incident distribution. In practice, a bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) may be required to accurately characterize the scattering properties of a surface, but albedo is very useful as a first approximation.

The albedo is an important concept in climatology, astronomy, and calculating reflectivity of surfaces in LEED sustainable-rating systems for buildings. The average overall albedo of Earth, its planetary albedo, is 30 to 35% because of cloud cover, but widely varies locally across the surface because of different geological and environmental features.[1]

The term was introduced into optics by Johann Heinrich Lambert in his 1760 work Photometria.

Will some one clarify in simple terms?

Or is this the same as what Science calls as Axioms, not to be questioned?





UFO Abducts Family Australia,Russians Attacked Verified Videos

Reality is, even after you stop believing in it, refuses to go away.

I read this some where.

UFO Abducted a Family in Australia.Image.jpg
UFO Abducted a Family in Australia.

This aptly describes the incident I am sharing below.

I have written quite a few articles on UFO,Aliens and the stubborn and unreasonable refusal of the Scientists(?) to have a look at the hard evidence.

Please read my posts under Interesting and Funny/Astrophysics.

After researching Sanatana Dharma/Hinduism, I am of the firm opinion that these things do exist and existed.

Our Civilization is not advanced enough to understand them.

Information I have posted on the subjects of UFO and Aliens were checked for veracity and doctoring of the Videos.Photographs.

The Bradley family mysteriously go missing on a trip along the Great Alpine Road in Victoria, Australia on December 26th 2010. An investigation uncovers evidence including camcorder footage and the empty family car. No member of the family has ever been found…


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