Early Sanskrit Grammar Before Panini By Agastya? Tholkaapiyar

Maamuni Maayon. Image

The relationship between Sanskrit and Tamil is interesting.

Both of them are quiet ancient and each quote the other,leaving one stranded in his efforts to find which preceded the other.

While there are similarities between Sanskrit and Tamil,there are also striking differences between the two in their Grammar and Spoken Form

Shall write in detail on this.

Now I have come across reference in the first Grammar Book of Tamil,dated around 3000 BC,about Tamil Grammar and Sanskrit Grammar. ( I date Tamil much earlier)

As mentioned earlier,there are vital differences between Tamil and Sanskrit Grammar.

The Sanskrit Grammar was codified by Panini, around 400 BCE.

It is called Ashtadyayi.

However the earlier Grammar was a part of Vedangas(limbs of the Vedas).

That was called Vyakarana.

Panini and Yaska, two celebrated ancient scholars of Vyakarana, are both dated to several centuries prior to the start of the common era, likely the 5th-century BCE.However, both of them cite prior scholars and texts, which though lost to history, imply that the field of Vyakarana was an established and developed science of language before them'( wiki- vyakarana)

Panini did not found Sanskrit Grammar,he codified it.

There are references that there were Ten Grammar works before Panini.

Panini refers these Grammarians.

‘Apisali, 

Kasyapa, 

Gargya, 

Galava, 

Cakravarmana,

 Bharadvaja, 

Sakatayana, 

Sakalya, 

Senaka and 

Sphotayana.’ (  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vyākaraṇa )

Tholkappiyam,the Tamil Grammar was written by Tholkappiyar.

He says in Tholkaapiyam ,while describing himself as the author of Tholkappiyam,that he leant Vedas from his Guru,Preceptor,who was a learned Brahmin.

He adds that there was a Grammar Work called ‘Aindhiram’.

And as Tholkappiyar’s Guru was a Scholar of Vedas,which is in Sanskrit, is it that Aindhiram is a Sanskrit Work?

Agastya could not have written Aindhiram in Tamil as the First Tamil Grammar Agathiyam was by Agastya,which has been lost?

Why write two books on the same subject?

Or ,as Agastya is a schloar in both Tamil and Sanskrit,Aindhiram could be in Tamil?

I am unable to answer,as Tholkappiyar is not specific about the Language of Aindhiram.

It can be taken as a Tamil work, as Tholkaapiyar says that he is embarking on Tamil Grammar Work?

On the other hand,the term Aindhiram/n is the Thathidaanda form of Sanskrit Grammar.

Janaka’s daughter is Janaki,

Dasaratha,s son is Dasarathy(Rama)

In the same vein Aindhiram is after Indra,? Indra,Aindhira?

This ,of course,is lost.

Tholkappiyar says that he had studied the ‘Aindhiram’ in detail.

As Tholkappiyar has learnt this from his Guru,A Brahmin,who was well versed in the Vedas.

அறம் கரை நாவின் நான்மறை முற்றிய‌

அதங்கோட்டு ஆசாற்கு அரில் தபத் தெரிந்து
மயங்கா மரபின் எழுத்து முறை காட்டி
மல்கு நீர் வரைப்பின் ஐந்திரம் நிறைந்த‌
தொல்காப்பியன்
 எனத் தன் பெயர் தோற்றிப்
பல் புகழ் நிறுத்த படிமையோனே..

‘Me,Thokappiyan,who learnt the Aindhiram Grammar,which describes the functions and rules Word’

நிலம் தரு திருவின் பாண்டியன் அவையத்து
அறம் கரை நாவின் நான்மறை முற்றிய‌
அதங்கோட்டு ஆசாற்கு அரில் தபத் தெரிந்து,’

‘I have learnt this from the one,who is well versed in The Vedas,in the presence of a Pandyan King’

Who this Guru could be?

Who else ,but Agastya,the Sage who straddles Sanskrit and Tamil.

Apart from other works,Agastya,

He and his wife Lopamudra are the celebrated authors of hymns 1.165 to 1.191 in the Sanskrit text Rigveda and other Vedic literature.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agastya

He is credited with founding Tamil language with Lord Shiva,during First Tamil Sangam.

Agastya was a Siddha and produced innumerable treatises on Yoga,Science,Metaphysics in Tamil

His primary disciples were,

Bhogar,

Therayar, and

Tholkappiyar.

Rishi Agastya is considered as the first and foremost Siddha (knowledge and accomplishments),

and therefore the guru of many Siddhars. Another name for Rsi Agastya is Kurumuni (short muni). Rishi Agastya made pioneering contributions to the field of Ayurveda (alternative medicine) and Jyotish (Vedic Astrology particularly Nadi Astrology). Rishi Agastya lived for over 5000 years, and one of his medicinal preparations, Boopathi Kuligai, was so powerful that it could even bring the dead back to life. Two of his disciples were Therayar and Tholkappiar carried this knowledge forward for him.’


(http://blessingsonthenet.com/indianculture/sections/37/maharishi-agastya)

It is probable that the earlier Grammar,Aindhiram, was written by Agastya and Tholkappiyar learnt it from Agastya.

And this work could be a Grammar in Sanskrit.

There is a poem,which ascribes Aindhiram to Lord Shiva.

This can be seen in the featured image of this article.

Mamuni Maayon can also refer Lord Shiva.

Shiva is reported to have founded Tamil Language with Agastya.

The Tholkapiyam Poem .

வட வேங்கடம் தென் குமரி

ஆயிடைத்
தமிழ் கூறும் நல் உலகத்து
வழக்கும் செய்யுளும் ஆயிரு முதலின்
எழுத்தும் சொல்லும் பொருளும் நாடிச்
செந்தமிழ் இயற்கை சிவணிய நிலத்தொடு
முந்து நூல் கண்டு முறைப்பட எண்ணிப்
புலம் தொகுத்தோனே போக்கு அறு பனுவல்
நிலம் தரு திருவின் பாண்டியன் அவையத்து
அறம் கரை நாவின் நான்மறை முற்றிய‌
அதங்கோட்டு ஆசாற்கு அரில் தபத் தெரிந்து
மயங்கா மரபின் எழுத்து முறை காட்டி
மல்கு நீர் வரைப்பின் ஐந்திரம் நிறைந்த‌
தொல்காப்பியன்
 எனத் தன் பெயர் தோற்றிப்
பல் புகழ் நிறுத்த படிமையோனே..

*There is another view.

‘Aindhiram is an ancient book on the science of vasthu sathra and tamil grammer – connected with Tholkappiyam  .It had two volumes.Unfortunately the volume one which deals with the phenetics of tamil grammer associated with Tholkappiyam (this volume of book was called ‘ANIDRA’) is lost in the course of history ,all that is remaining with us is an scientific book on vasthu sathra.

Who is Mamumi Mayan?
Mamuni mayan was a famous sidhar ,multi talented geek ,architect , ancient scientist  and the author of Aindhiram..he appears in Ramayana and Mahabharatha also..he is the son of Diti and Kashyapa (a sabdhamaharishi)..Mayan was very close with pandiya king and helped him build the Pandiya mahasabha (which was supposed to be so grand with lot of cool interiors ,it was one of the testimony of Pandiyas excellence in architecture-and the brain behind that brilliance was Mamuni Mayan…if I am right this mahasabha was destroyed by some invader ) 
P. S. Mayan was the father in law of Ravana, father of Mandodari…’

Mamuni Maayon can also refer Lord Shiva.

Shiva is reported to have founded Tamil Language with Agastya.

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-mystery-that-our-ancient-literary-work-Aindhiram-ஐந்திறம்-reveals-to-us )

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s