Yoga Mudras in Ancient Rome Greece


Mudras are symbolic powerful gestures expressed through the human body.

As Hinduism is of the opinion that what is in Microcosm is in the Microcosm,the expressions of the body help in Realizing the Self.

This is used as an Art form as well.

Various system of Dancing Bharata Natya,Kathakali,Odissi and other forms in India follow the Mudras to express emotions.

Indian life is permeated with Spiritual life in daily activites,right from wKing up to going bed.

Lord Nataraja.image
Lord Nataraja,King of Dance.

So, it is not surprising that art forms use Mudras,essentially a spiritual practice are used in Dance.

There are 108 Mudras.

Mudras are expressed through fingers as well and this is used in performing Mantras

Essentially Mudras signify the The Unity of Reality and the individual Self.

In Tantra Shastra these Mudras are used extensively in Tantra practices.

There are Mudras specifically linked Mudras to a God.

Thus we have Shiva,Sakthi Mudras.

Also we have the Union Mudra,that indicates the Union of Brahman the Macro Reality with Atman, the Micro Reality.

I shall be writing on Mudras in detail.

It is found that the ancient Romans and Greeks were using the Mudras.

Mudra in Rome.
Bronze hand used in the worship of Sabazius. Roman, 1st-2nd century AD Sabazius, a god of Thracian or Anatolian origin, became popular in the Roman Empire, and had connections both with Jupiter and Dionysos. Hands decorated with religious symbols were designed to stand in sanctuaries or, like this one, were attached to poles for processional use. British Museum Cat. Bronzes 876

Much later, the Byzantine Greek encyclopedia, Suda (10th century?), flatly states

“Sabazios… is the same as Dionysos. He acquired this form of address from the rite pertaining to him; for the barbarians call the bacchic cry ‘sabazein’. Hence some of the Greeks too follow suit and call the cry ‘sabasmos’; thereby Dionysos [becomes] Sabazios. They also used to call ‘saboi’ those places that had been dedicated to him and his Bacchantes… Demosthenes [in the speech] ‘On Behalf of Ktesiphon’ [mentions them]. Some say that Saboi is the term for those who are dedicated to Sabazios, that is to Dionysos, just as those [dedicated] to Bakkhos [are] Bakkhoi. They say that Sabazios and Dionysos are the same. Thus some also say that the Greeks call the Bakkhoi Saboi.”

The ecstatic Eastern rites practiced largely by women in Athens were thrown together for rhetorical purposes by Demosthenes in undermining his opponent Aeschines for participating in his mother’s cultic associations:

“On attaining manhood you abetted your mother in her initiations and the other rituals, and read aloud from the cultic writings …You rubbed the fat-cheeked snakes and swung them above your head, crying Euoi saboi and hues attes, attes hues

‘Sabazios… is the same as Dionysos. He acquired this form of address from the rite pertaining to him; for the barbarians call the bacchic cry ‘sabazein’. Hence some of the Greeks too follow suit and call the cry ‘sabasmos’; thereby Dionysos [becomes] Sabazios. They also used to call ‘saboi’ those places that had been dedicated to him and his Bacchantes… Demosthenes [in the speech] ‘On Behalf of Ktesiphon’ [mentions them]. Some say that Saboi is the term for those who are dedicated to Sabazios, that is to Dionysos, just as those [dedicated] to Bakkhos [are] Bakkhoi. They say that Sabazios and Dionysos are the same. Thus some also say that the Greeks call the Bakkhoi Saboi.”

Source. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabazios

‘Dionysus is Shiva.

He says that in ancient times the Indians were nomads, like that section of the Scythians who are not agriculturists, but wandering about on waggons, live at one time in one part of Scythia and at another time in another part, neither inhabiting cities nor consecrating temples to the gods. So the Indians had no cities or temples built for the gods. They clothed themselves in the skins of the wild beasts which they killed, and ate the inner bark of certain trees, which are called tala in the Indian language, and, as upon the tops of palm-trees, there grow upon them things like clews of wool. They also fed upon the flesh of the wild beasts which they caught, eating it raw, until Dionysus came into their country. But when Dionysus came and conquered them, he founded cities and made laws for them, and gave the Indians wine as he had given it to the Greeks. He also gave them seeds and taught them how to sow them in the earth;’

https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2015/02/05/dionysus-greek-god-is-shiva-migrated-from-south-india/

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One Comment

  1. Another very informative, well researched and Excellent Blog on our Origins; Indian I mean! Shatt Shatt Pranam from illiterate Mee! CHEERS
    HARI AUM TAT SAT

    Liked by 1 person

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