Vedas Alone Not Hinduism Shad Darsana Six Systems Indian Philosophy


Indian philosophy and the Religion of the Hindus differ from other religions in that,

1. It has no founder.

2. It is not dogmatic and one can follow what one is inclined to.

3. It has no strict rules to follow in that it does not condemn you to Hell.

4. It does not proselytize.

Reality, Brahman of HinduismT
Brahman, The Reality

5. No single individual is considered as the authority in matters relating Hinduism

6. It has no written texts and these have been transmitted orally for over five thousand years.

7.It accommodates all views including the Atheists; you can be an Atheist and still be A Hindu.

8.It fixes individual responsibility. You can not escape from the results of your actions by assigning it to some one else.

9. It treats all Beings and also the Insentient equally.

10. There is no procedure to become a Hindu nor is there any question of expelling some one from Hinduism and readmitting.

11. Indian philosophy is based on Intuition and experience , though Logic and other tools of knowledge are used to verify or support Knowledge gained by Intuition.

The systems of Indian philosophy have the following components.

a) Theory of Knowledge or Epistemology.

The systems decide first what knowledge is and proceed what instruments to use to gain Knowledge.

There are some instruments of Knowledge through which we gain knowledge.

Knowledge is taken at its core meaning, to be aware of.

That it is correct, incorrect, Right or Wrong comes later when judgement are made.

Facts are differentiated from Impression of Facts.

Prathyaksha. Is what is known through senses.

b)Anumana is Inference.

c)Upamana is Comparison , with similar things.

d) Tharka ,  Logic where Knowledge is derived from Logical steps through Syllogism.

e) Sabda , from Testimony fro others.

f) Intuition.

The tools of knowledge followed by a system decides its philosophy..

Systems of Indian Philosophy, Religion.

In India Religion and Philosophy are interwoven.

There is no separation of the two.

A philosophy not worth practicing is not considered at all.

Religion is to be experienced and there is no such thing as Practising Religion and non practicing religion.

Many believe, even Hindus, that the Vedas alone constitute Indian Philosophy.

Not true.

We have Jainism, Buddhism, Buddhism , Carvakas and Ajivakas whih form a parf Indian Philosophy.

They existed along with the Vedas.

And they were accepted.

Another feature of Hinduism is the definition of Atheism.

It has nothing to do with the belief in God.

One can be a Hindu and remain an Atheist ,like Carvakas, Buddhist,Ajivaka.

These are totally opposed to Vedas and deny their authority.

Orthodox systems are those which belive in the Authoroty of the Vedas.

Those, like Jainism are called Heterodox and they do not believe in the Vedas.

Even among the Orthodox systems which believe in the authority of the Vedas deny God, like The Nyaya System.

Philosophical systems are called Darsana.

Darśana, also darśana or darshanam, Sanskrit: दर्शन from dṛś, meaning “to see”, vision, apparition, or glimpse.

Though there are other meanings like The darsana of God/Holy men , in Indian Philosophy the term Darsana is used in the meaning meaning provided above.

It may be called as Perspective.

Reality or Truth has many facets.

One discerns what one is inclined to

The six systems of Hinduism are.

They are called the Shad (six) Darsana

Nyaya,the realism school emphasizing analytics and logic,

Vaiseshika,the naturalism school with atomistic themes and related to the Nyaya schoo

Sankhya, the rationalism school with dualism and atheistic themes,

Yoga,school similar to Samkhya but accepts personally defined theistic themes,

Purva Mimamsa or  Mimamsa), the ritualism school with Vedic exegesis and philology emphasis

Uttara Mimasa or Vedanta, the Upanishadic tradition, with many sub-schools ranging from dualism to non-dualism.

It has nothing to do with the belief in God.

One can be a Hindu and remain an Atheist ,like Carvakas, Buddhist,Ajivaka.

These are totally opposed to Vedas and deny their authority.

Orthodox systems are those which believe in the Authority of the Vedas.

Those, like Jainism are called Heterodox and they do not believe in the Vedas.

Even among the Orthodox systems which believe in the authority of the Vedas deny God, like The Nyaya System.

Please read my articles on FAQs of Hinduism.

I shall e writing in detail on each of these systems in detail.

Reference and citation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_philosophy

 

 

 

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