Which Veda Shaka Sutra To Follow For Gotras


Vedas, the religious text of the Hindus are voluminous.

They are realized Truth, revealed by the Seers, who grasped them from Ether by intuition..

They talk about Reality, suggest and set forth methods to Realize the Self.

Vedas were not written by the Brahmins
Vedas

These are meant for Humanity and any one can follow them.

Considering the volume, the Rishis have organised them into various branches.

It takes a minimum of 12 years to learn the Vedas!

That too, one Veda among the Four, Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva.

And we have Yajur Veda, which has Shukla and Krishna Yajur.

As to the methods, though in essence the same, there are minor differences in detail so that people of different dispositions may follow.

Hinduism understands that there are  as many dispositions as are Human Beings, they have tried to suit the groups these texts to suit the groups which have common dispositions.

Each Veda has four parts.

Samhitas are hymns addressed to Gods.

The Samhitas and the Brahmanas form the KarmaKanda segment of the Vedas.

They are concerned with the ceremonial rites and rituals.

Aranyakas are concerned more with knowledge ,Gnana and this is mainly for the semi retired from day to day activities.

Upanishads form the concluding portion of the Vedas and they enquire into the nature of Reality.

Aranyakas and Upanishads form the knowledge aspect of the Vedas,Gnana Kanda.

For details please read my articles on Vedas.

Each Veda a sections.branches, called Shakas.

‘A shakha (Sanskrit śākhā, “branch” or “limb”), is a Hindu theological school that specializes in learning certain Vedic texts, or else the traditional texts followed by such a school. An individual follower of a particular school or recension is called a śākhin. The term is also used in Hindu philosophy to refer to an adherent of a particular orthodox system’

Details of Shakas for Each Veda provided towards the close of the article.

These Shakas are explained in the Sutras,Aphorisms, and they have commentaries,Bhashyas on them as well.

Veda Sutras
Rigveda Asvalayana Sutra (§), Sankhayana Sutra (§), Saunaka Sutra (¶)
Samaveda Latyayana Sutra (§), Drahyayana Sutra (§), Nidana Sutra (§), Pushpa Sutra (§), Anustotra Sutra (§)
Yajurveda Manava Sutra (§), Bharadvaja Sutra (¶), Vadhuna Sutra (¶), Vaikhanasa Sutra (¶), Laugakshi Sutra (¶), Maitra Sutra (¶), Katha Sutra (¶), Varaha Sutra (¶)
Atharvaveda Kusika Sutra (§)
¶: only quotes survive; §: text survives

Sutras first appear in the Brahmana and Aranyaka layer of Vedic literature. They grow in the Vedangas, such as the Shrauta Sutras and Kalpa Sutras. These were designed so that they can be easily communicated from a teacher to student, memorized by the recipient for discussion or self-study or as reference.

A sutra by itself is condensed shorthand, and the threads of syllable are difficult to decipher or understand, without associated scholarly Bhasya or deciphering commentary that fills in the “woof”.

Now to who should follow which Veda branch and Sutra?

Gotra or lineage is linked to these.

Gotra indicates the Rishi from whom one descended from, the Pravara lists the famous Rishis from the Gotra.

  • Under Gotra, some branches may not be found here.for example, there are two lineage for Kasyapa.They are Kaasyapa, Avasthaara, Naitruva and there is Naithruva kassyapa Gotra as well.
  • For more details om gotra check Brahmin Gotra List
  • Eka Rishi and rare Gotras List
  • * Some North Indian Texts do not include Apasthamba Sutra as Apasthamba wrote his Sutra by integrating Vedic texts and Tamil practices.
  • Compiling the list is an arduous task as one has t check nline, books and also has to get information from Vedic scholars,for whom the tradition is Oral.
  • Suggestions to improve with authentic sources, welcome.
No. Gothram Rishis no.rushaya pravaram soothram & Sakhai ending.
1 Arthreya Arthreya
Archananasa
Chyavaasva
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Arthreya gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
2 Kasyapa Kasyapa
Aavathsara
Saandilya
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Kasyapa gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
3. Koundinya Vaasishta
Maithravaruna
Koundinya
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Koundinya gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
4. Kousiga Vaisvamithra
Agamarshana
Kousiga
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Kousiga gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
5. Gargeya Angirasa
Sainya
Gargeya
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Gargeya gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
6. Abhivadhaye Angirasa
Barhaspathya
Baratwaja
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Baratwaja gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
7. Nithruvakasyapa Kasyapa
Aavathsara
Nithruva
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Nithruva Kasyapa gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
8. Vaathula Bhargava
Vaithahavya
Saavedhasa
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Vathula gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
9. Shadamarshana Angirasa
Thrasathasya
Pourukuthsa
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Shadamarshana gothraha
Aapasthamba(Yajur)
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
10. Haritha Angirasa
Ambarisha
Yownachva
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Haritha gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
11. Viswamithra Visvamithra
Dhevaradha
Audhala
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Viswamithra gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
12. Mouthgalya Angirasa
Baramyasva
Mouthgalya
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Mouthgalya gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
13. Sankruthi Saathya
Gowraveetha
Sankruthya
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Sankruthi gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
14. Kuthsa Angirasa
Mandhathra
Kouthsa
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Kuthsa gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
15. Kanva Angirasa
Ajameeda
Kanva
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Kanva gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
16. Parasara Vasishta
Saakthya
Parasarya
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Parasara gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
17. Badharayana Angirasa
Barshadhasva
Raadeethara
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Badharayana gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
18. Agasthya Agasthya
Thartyachudha
Sowmavaha
thraiyarusheya
pravaranvidha
Agasthya gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
19. Srivathsa Bhargava
Chyavana
Apnavana
Aurva
Jamadhaknya
pancharusheya
pravaranvidha
Srivathsa gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho
20. Saandilya Kasyapa
Aavathsara
Nithruva
Repa
Raipa
Soundilya
Saandilya
saptharusheya
pravaranvidha
Sandilya gothraha
Aapasthamba – Yajur
Bodayana – Yajur
Asvalayana- Rig
Dhrahyayana-Samam
saakha adhyayi
…. sarma nama
aham asmibhoho

These are the basics of Gotra, Shaka and Sutra link.

If one finds it difficult,one may trace them if they have any of the three, that is Gotra, Shaka, Sutra.

Rig Veda Shaka.

Śaunaka‘s Caraṇa-vyuha lists five shakhas for the Rig Veda, the Śākala, Bāṣkala, Aśvalāyana, Śaṅkhāyana, and Māṇḍukāyana of which only the Śākala and Bāṣkala and very few of Asvalayana are now extant. The Bashkala recension of the Rigveda has the Khilani which are not present in the Shakala text but is preserved in one Kashmir manuscript (now at Pune). The Shakala has the Aitareya-Brahmana, The Bashkala has the Kausitaki-Brahmana.

Shukla

Shakha Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka Upanishad
Madhyandina (VSM) Currently recited by all over North Indian Brahmins and by Deshastha Brahmins Madhyandina Shatapatha (SBM) survives as Shatapatha XIV.1-8, with accents. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad = SBM XIV. 3-8, with accents, Ishavasya Upanishad = VSM 40
Kanva (VSK) Currently recited by Utkala Brahmins, Kannada Brahmins, Karhade Brahmins and few Iyers Kanva Shatapatha (SBK)(different from madhyandina) survives as book XVII of SBK Brihadaranyaka Upanishad=SBK,with accents, Ishavasya Upanishad = VSK 40
Katyayana

Krishna

Shakha Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka Upanishad
Taittiriya TS,Present all over South India and in Konkan Taittiriya Brahmana (TB) and Vadhula Br. (part of Vadhula Srautrasutra) Taittiriya Aranyaka (TA) Taittiriya Upanishad (TU)
Maitrayani MS,Recited by few Brahmins in Nasik virtually same as the Upanishad Maitrayaniya Upanishad
Caraka-Katha Katha Aranyaka (almost the entire text from a solitary manuscript) Kathaka Upanishad, Katha-Shiksha Upanishad
Kapishthala KapS (fragmentary manuscript, only first sections accented), edited (without accents) by Raghu Vira.

Sama Veda

Śaunaka‘s Caraṇa-vyuha lists twelve shakhas for the Sama Veda out of a thousand that are said to have once existed, but that of these only one or perhaps two are still extant. The two Samaveda recensions are the Jaiminiya and Kauthuma.

The Kauthuma shakha has the PB, SadvB, the Jaiminiya shakha has the Jaiminiya Brahmana.

Shakha Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka Upanishad
Kauthuma edited,Recited by all over North and in South India edited (8 Brahmanas in all), no accents None. The Samhita itself has the ‘Aranyaka’. Chandogya Upanishad
Ranayaniya Manuscripts of Samhita exist.Recited by Gokarna,and Deshastha Brahmins Same as Kauthuma with minor differences. None. The Samhita itself has the ‘Aranyaka’. Same as Kauthuma.
Jaiminiya/Talavakara Samhita edited.Recited by Nambudiris and choliyal of Tamil naduTwo distinct styles of Saman recitation, partially recorded and published. Brahmana published (without accents) – Jaiminiya Brahmana, Arsheya Brahmana Tamil Nadu version of Talavakara Aranyaka (=Jaiminiya Upanishad Brahmana) published Kena Upanishad
Shatyayana

Atharva Veda

Only one shakha of an original nine is now extant for the Atharvaveda. The nine sakhas were Paippalada, Tauda, Mauda, Shaunakiya, Jajala, Jalada, Brahmavada, Devadarsa and Chaarana-Vaidya.

The Shaunaka is the only shakha of the Atharvaveda for which both printed texts and an active oral tradition are known to still exist.

For the Atharvaveda, both the Shaunakiya and the Paippalada traditions contain textual corruptions, and the original text of the Atharvaveda may only be approximated from comparison between the two.

References , Citations and acknowledgements.

http://anudinam.org/2012/05/11/abhivadaye/http://anudinam.org/2012/05/11/abhivadaye/

The above is an excellent site with authentic information, especially for Sri Vaishnavas.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakha#Rig_Veda

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sutra

Shakha Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka Upanishad
Shaunaka AVS, edited and recited by all over North India and South India Fragmentary Gopatha Brahmana (extant and published), no accents. Mundaka Upanishad  published.
Paippalada AVP; recited by Utkala Brahmins as samhita patha only. otherwise, two manuscripts survive: Kashmiri (mostly edited) and Oriya (partly edited, by Dipak Bhattacharya and others, unaccented) lost,similar to that of Gopatha Brahmana Prashna Upanishad, Sharabha Upanishad etc. – all edited.

4 thoughts on “Which Veda Shaka Sutra To Follow For Gotras

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s