World First Business Corporation Vedic Andhra Karnataka Tamil

The concept of Trading and economic thought in the word is reported to he evolved during Renaissance.

However ancient trade flourished.

Of the ancient countries/regions it is generally attributed to Sumerians,Greeks, Romans Chinese and later to Chanakya, who was    Political Professor at Takshasila University.

Facts point otherwise.

Early Vedic people had developed  Business systems and they traded with Yavanas(Greeks) and The Tamil Kings.

They have imported horses from Arabia., spices, elephants from The Dravida Kings/ Tamils.

So much so, Arabia was named as Aravasthan, Land of Horses.

Vedas speak of getting spices and Sandalwood from Dravidas.

Ramayana and Mahabharata speak in the same vein.

One may notice that the Sumerian, Greek and other civilizations came later than the period of Vedas and Ithihasas,Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Marco Polo Travel Route
Marco Polo Travel Route,Tamil Inscription in China

Extensive trading is not possible without business systems and practices.

These were in place in India during ancient times and the concept of Righteousness and Ethics in Business was emphasized.

There was no separate Ethics for business.

Righteousness was the Norm, the same, in all walks of Life.

Manu speaks of Dharma in Business.

Ancient India recognized the importance of Trade and assigned  special place for the group engaged in Business.

They were called Vaisyas.

The trading groups engaged in business through out the world.

Though the references in the Vedas and the Ithihasas are scanty about the business  activities of the people, Tamil Literature provide a graphic description.

Salient points.

1.The Tamils had a business corporation, consisted of businessmen who traded within India and abroad.

2.The group was called Thisai vanigar Einootruvar, 5oo traders who trade throughout the world.

This reference to 500 appears around 9th century AD.

However there is another, generally accepted group is called Thisai vanigar Aayirathu Einootruvar, that is 1500 people.

The reference is found in Silappadikaram, a Tamil Classic.

The main port was Poompuhar, near Myladuthurai, Tamil Nadu.

Excavations made in the site date the site some 20,000 years ago.

Please read my article on this.

3. It interesting to note that the 500 group was operating not only in Tamil Nadu but in Vatapi ( Karnataka) , Chalukya Kingdom and in what is now AndhracPradesh, India.

Inscriptions at Aihole, Karnataka and at Anilamai in Cuddapah in Andhra Pradesh.

4. Some Brahmins were also a part of this group at Aihole.

5. This group was called ‘ Aihole enumbaaru Swamigalu’ in Kannada; as Veera Balija in Telugu.

Baliga in Coastal Karnataka might be a form of this word

6. This 500 group had their own security apparatus.

It was called Veera Valanjiyaru.

7. The group worshiped Valanjiya Religion an off shoot of Shiva worship.

They worshiped Nagareswara.

The Nattuukkottai Nagarthar Business community may owe its name to this deity.

8.Some of these traders had been warriors

They were called Mummuri Thandas.

Kurugodu ( Bellary, Karnataka) inscriptions speak of this.

9.Excavations in Kollam Kerala., Visakapattinam,Andhra, Thanjavur Big Temple , in Burma, Thailand,West Sumatra, Indonesia confirm these facts.

10. Nattukkottai Nagarathar belong to this 500 group.

11.Silppdikaram and Jeevka Chintmni, two of the great Epics of the Tamils, describe the streets where the merchandise are sold;women were also running the business.

This information on the business group is found in Piranmalai temple epigraphy(Siva Ganga District, Tamil Nadu)


  1. A History of India, by Burton Stein and David Arnold, p.120
  2. A History of India, by Burton Stein and David Arnold, p.120
  3.  A History of India, by Burton Stein and David Arnold, p.120
  4.  Nagapattinam to Suvarnadwipa: reflections on Chola naval expeditions to Southeast Asia by Hermann Kulke, K. Kesavapany and Vijay Sakhuja, p.xviii and p.181
  5.  Peranakan Indians of Singapore and Melaka: Indian Babas and Nonyas–Chitty Melaka, by Samuel Dhoraisingam, p.3
  6.  A History of India, by Burton Stein and David Arnold, p.121
  7.  A History of India, by Burton Stein, p. 126
  8.  A History of India, by Burton Stein and David Arnold, p.121
  9. Art of South India, Andhra Pradesh, by B. Rajendra Prasad, p.85
  10.  Encyclopaedia Indica: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Volume 100, by SS Shashi, p.86
  11.  Studies in economic and social conditions of medieval Andhra, by K.Sundaram, p.69-76
  12. Hindu and Muslim religious institutions, Andhra Desa, 1300-1600, by Ravula Soma Reddy, p.110
  13.  The quarterly journal of the Mythic society (Bangalore), Volume 82, p.88-91
  14.  A study of the history and culture of the Andhras, Volume 2, by Kambhampati Satyanarayana, p.52
  15.  Cultural heritage of the Kakatiyas: a medieval kingdom of south India, by S.Nagabhushan Rao, p.59
  16. Brahma sri: Researches in archaeology, history, and culture in the new millennium : Dr. P.V. Parabrahma Sastry felicitation volume, Volume 1, p.169
  17.  A study of the history and culture of the Andhras, Volume 2, by Kambhampati Satyanarayana, p.125
  18.  Nagapattinam to Suvarnadwipa: reflections on Chola naval expeditions to Southeast Asia by Hermann Kulke, K. Kesavapany and Vijay Sakhuja, p.163



5 thoughts on “World First Business Corporation Vedic Andhra Karnataka Tamil

  1. I am a regular reader of your articles. I disagree from your propositions since in my opinion Indian history should not be read through the history taught by Britishers but modified by INDOLOGISTS/TAMIL ZEALOTS/PERSONS LIKE DR.KALYANARAMAN/SRI N.S.RAJARAMAN. I am a free lance researcher. I am having completely different opinion. The factual fallacies are not correctly corroborating the literature of MIDDLE EAST down the ages. For example MELUHAA is taken as west coast of India. The earliest reference in MIDDLE EAST ABOUT INDIA is DARIUS I who annexed PUNJAAB AND AFGANISTAN as twenthfourth province.The second mistake is completre avoidance of ARAMAIC in Indian history. Nobody has bothered about ASOKAN EDICTS IS TRILINGAUAL in AFGANISTAN–GREEK/ARAAMAIC AND KAROSHTI. Why did ASOKA used ARAMAIC? Further THE TERMS KODA/PADA/KETHALAPUTA in ASOKAN EDICTS is taken as CHODA/PANDIYA/KERALAPUTHRA which is highly erraneous. Why did ASOKA use KODA/PADA etc mutilated words while he specifically mention ANTIOCHUS/PTOLEMY etc? Was he so ignorant of grammar of Prakrit? Let us compare ARTHASASTRA AND INDICA. Both do not mention SOUTH of Vindhyas. Artha Sastra specifically mention about pearls and sandalwood. Pandiya kavatakam was taken to mean PANDIYA pearls which is completley erraneous. Artha sastra never mention Pandiaya country while it mentions tabropanne-ie Srilanka as indicated by GREEK MARINERS. Thee is o difference between accounts of Artha Sastra and Megasthense Indica. The places of SANDALWOOD does not include MYSORE AND KERALA and similarly the places f elephants does not include KERALA. One of the places of sandalwood is MALYEKA which is nothing but MELUKAA and is of EAST ASIAN ORIGIN. Artha sastra mentions GAUDA as situated between MALAYA AND OCEAN. Still North Indian literature confuses MALAYA MOUNTAINS whether it is Western Ghats or Pothigai Hills? All along but for PURANAS/EPICS and their interpolations SAN SKRIT LITERATURE DOES not know TAMILNADU. Upto Asoka’s period the known places of SOUTH INDIA are VANAVASI AND MAHISHA MANDALA. Incidntally mahisha mandala is mentionaed as a place for weaving of silks. Kalidasa omits to mention CHOLAS AND PALLAVAS.. Dandi a resident of KANCHI omits to mention PALLAVAS though he indicates DRAVIDA and Kumarila Bhatta mentions ANDHRA DRAVIDA. Sanskrit literature identified DRAVIDA only as place between KRISHNA GODAVARI BASIN. Upto 1070 AD when Kulothunga I visited CHINA as a representative of VIRARAJENDRA Dravida was indicated to identify ANDHRA and even in its glorious period CHOLAS were never mentioned in any o the contemporary literaturewhile PANDIYAS/KERALAS KARANTAKA were mentioned not as territory but products–pearls etc., NANA THESA THISAI AYIRATTU AINOORUVAR emerged during NAN DIVARMAN III along with MANIGRAMATHAR with headquarters at AIHOLE KNOWN AS AIMPOZHIL IN TAMIL. Thery were in unison with PATHINEBHOOMIYAR/VIZHAYAR/ AND VALANGAI IDANGAI AND NINETYSIX ARMED SERVICES who formed backbone of CHOLA ARMY. Though hailing from Karnataka and having PAN INDIAN MERCHANTS they used Tamil only as international mercantile language. Tamil had been international mercantile language at least from FIRST CENTURY BC since TAMIL BRAHMI was discovered in EGYPT. Nobody has analysed why did MERCANTILE GUILDS WITH THEIR NINETYSIX ARMY DIVISIONS supported CHOLAS instead of CHALUKYAS and why did they used Tamil? Was Tamil different from the so called TAMIL AREAS Why did Satakarnis even in Maharashtra used bilingual inscriptions inluding Tamil? Was unknown mysterious people from MIDDLE EAST settling in west coast used Tamil or introduced Tamil along west coast in the absence of rich vernalcular language though Sanskrit was prevalent? The mystery of Tamil deepens when we remove Tamil people from the scene and why did North India ignore TAMIL though it was in existence universally? Will anyone delink himself from the tutored history but search for truth?


    1. Thank you, Suggest you read all my Posts under Tamil.On 1500 group I have mentioned that this is different from 500.Am planning to write on them.. I can understand one’s love for his language but that should not deter from researching into other languages with out pre conceived notions, I go by facts available to me. Unfortuntely I know only Tamil and Sanskrit.Unless I know other languages and study them I can not make categorical sttements.As things stand with my limited knowledge, Tamil seems to be on par with Sanskrit.I am unable to conclude which precedes the other.Plese read my post on this,Yet I will not conclude as I do not know other languages and their history in depth.Million year old Kannada Brahmi script is found Karnatka.One has to travel a long way to understnd Indian History.Regards


      1. Sir, is it necessary to keep count of Gayatri Japam ? I can do it with count but that lowers my concentration on the deity meditated upon, should importance be given to the counting of the mantra ? Mainly, it(count) affects the concentration while doing 1008 or more. Please guide me.


      2. Initially count with japamala for 108 times for a week, then you do not need counting.Your Mind will keep track in the background and shall alert you once you complete 108.


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