Where was India, then called Bharata varsha located, geographically during Dwapara Yuga,Mahabharata Period?
Now that the Rig Veda has been assigned to have been around 5000 years ago and the Mahabharata date around 3000 BC, Kali Yuga around 3102 BC, one has to look at the world Map at that time as the present landmass is of no relevance today.
I am of the opinion that the dates of the Rig Veda might be pushed back as evidence ,both literary and cross referencing cultural practices around the world indicate that the Rig Veda existed much earlier.
The sunken city of Lord Krishna, excavated off the Gujarat coast of India is being dated any where between 12000 to 3300 back.
the finding of Tamil port Poompuhar being assigned 20000 years ago reinforces the view.
Silappadikaaram, the Tamil epic speaks of Mahabharata and Krishna.
for more evidence please read my articles under Hinduism.
and we have the Ramayana to contend with.
Please read my article Rama’s death precedes Krishna’s by 250 years.
Ramayana is dated around barely around 250 years before Mahabharata, which does not stand to reason as it is reported to have taken place thousands of years before Mahabharata and this is corroborated by Astronomy, Archaeology, internal evidence in the Ramayana and external evidence in the Indian texts and corresponding foreign texts like the sumerian King List.
And this issue is partially resolved by the concept of the Cyclic Nature of Time.
Now to the issue at hand, that of the world geography during the period of Dwapara Yuga/Mahabharata battle.
The Mahabharata war was fought in Bharata varsha.
One is likely to get misled if they look at the present land mass called India, surrounded by three oceans and Himalayas in the North.
The geography was different then.
The Puranas define the boundary of Bharata varsha.
उत्तरं यत्समुद्रस्य हिमाद्रेश्चैव दक्षिणम् ।
वर्षं तद् भारतं नाम भारती यत्र संततिः ।।
uttaraṃ yatsamudrasya himādreścaiva dakṣiṇam
varṣaṃ tadbhārataṃ nāma bhāratī yatra santatiḥ
“The country (varṣam) that lies north of the ocean and south of the snowy mountains is called Bhāratam; there dwell the descendants of Bharata.
What are the Oceans being spoken here and the Snowy Mountain?
The map of the world around 5000 BC is this, though there many preceding this but they are not considered because they considered the earth to be flat while this map considers it to be spherical.
Click to enlarge.
(Strabo (ca 64 BC – 24 AD) is mostly famous for his 17-volume work Geographica, which presented a descriptive history of people and places from different regions of the world known to his era. The Geographica first appeared in Western Europe in Rome as a Latin translation issued around 1469. Although Strabo referenced the antique Greek astronomers Eratosthenes and Hipparchus and acknowledged their astronomical and mathematical efforts towards geography, he claimed that a descriptive approach was more practical. Geographica provides a valuable source of information on the ancient world, especially when this information is corroborated by other sources. Within the books of Geographica is a map of Europe. Whole world maps according to Strabo are reconstructions from his written text.)’
Now look at the Map.
You would find the landmass now we call India, then called Bharatvarsha extended beyond the Mountain in the North to another landmass marked as Scythia.
These Scythians were a part of Sanatana dharma and were called Milechas, that i those who did not follow fire worship.
They belonged to Sanatana dharma but did not follow fire worship mentioned in the vedas like the southerners, Dravidians, Tamils, who were followers of Sanatana dharma ,worshiped Shiva,Krishna,Durga, Subrahmanya,.varuna and Indra bot nor Agni, Fire.
Scythia (/ˈsɪθiə/; Ancient Greek: Σκυθική, Skythikē) was a region of Central Eurasia in classical antiquity, occupied by the Eastern Iranian Scythians, encompassing parts of Eastern Europe east of the Vistula River and Central Asia, with the eastern edges of the region vaguely defined by the Greeks. The Ancient Greeks gave the name Scythia (or Great Scythia) to all the lands north-east of Europe and the northern coast of the Black Sea.
The Scythians – the Greeks’ name for this initially nomadic people – inhabited Scythia from at least the 11th century BC to the 2nd century AD. Its location and extent varied over time but usually extended farther to the west than is indicated on the map opposite.
Scythia was a loose state that originated as early as 8th century BC. Little is known of them and their rulers. The most detailed western description is by Herodotus, though it is uncertain he ever went to Scythia. He says the Scythians’ own name for themselves was “Scoloti”. The Scythians became increasingly settled and wealthy on their western frontier with Greco-Roman civilization.’
Scythians descended from the tribes of Bharata varsha.
- Sakā Haumavargā
- Saka Tigrakhauda
In the above list you may notice that from Mathura onward to Suren are Sanskrit names as also Haraiva.
The other tribes can be traced back to some more tribes of Bharata Varsha.
So one can conclude that the landmass called Bharata Varsha included the whole landmass we see today including Europe, though it was called Milecha Desa.
It included Africa, Old Russia.
This accounts for the innumerable archaeological finds of Indian culture and Sanatna Dharma in all these places.
Look at this Map of Gondwana.
Americas Atlantis seems to be missing and I shall be writing on this.
Citation and references.
https://atlantisjavasea.com/tag/tamraparni/ text and image credit.