Tamil Kingdoms date back before 3 BC which is normally assigned to it,
The fact that Silappadikaram, one of the Five Great Epics has been dated at 3 BC, Karikal Chola around 195 BC buttress the claim that the Chola Dynasty should have been ruling much earlier.
The fact that the Puranas and the Ithihasas Ramayana and Mahabharata mention about Spices, elephant tusks being imported from the South ( Vedas also mention this) , Tamil Kings Participated in the Swayamvara of Damayanthi,which was earlier to Ramayana;these Kings participated in the Swayamvaras of Sita and Draupai;Krishna married a Pandyan princess, had a daughter through her;Arjuna married a Pandyan Princess;Balarama visited the South, worshiped Devi at Kanyakumari , worshiped Murugan(Subrahmanya) and met Parashurama….
all this point to the fact that the Tamils were very much in existence much before the date that has been assigned to them
Added to this is the Mount Toba ash in Jwalapuram, Kurnool and a Million year old site belonging to advanced Tamil Tamil civilization being found in Chennai add strength to this view.
Now one more piece of evidence.
Lord Krishna saved the Yadavas from the Deluge, initiated by Indra, God of Thunder because the Yadavas, at the behest of Lord Krishna did not perform the annual Festival worshiping him.
This, Krishna did by lifting the Govardhana Giri( mountain)
Later Indra apologized to Krishna ,crowned Him and addressed Krishna as Govinda .
The name Govinda is very dear to Krishna?Vishnu.
This festival, one understands from the Tamil Epic Silappathikaram was conducted in the South by the Tamil Kings.
I had earlier written in the Post about about Karikal Chola that this Festival called Indra Vizha, Festival of Indra was introduced by him.
A reader pointed out this Indra Vizha was introduced earlier and I checked.
He is right.
Records say that this Festival Indra Vizha was introduced by an early Chola King Thodithol Chola at the behest of Sage Agastya.
I had shown Sage Agastya’s date to be around 5000 years earlier, based on the movement of Star Canopus, Agastya Nakshatra.
I shall write more on the antiquity of Tamil Kings.
The Cholas lineage is from the Puranic times and the Cholas were related to Virata Kings( Currently the area is Rajasthan).
More to follow on this.
‘he Marudam region (area of the plains) Tamil agriculturists used to worship Indra as their Lord. Indra was considered as the god of the rains and since the farmers were dependent on rains for their crops, they used to worship Indra for rain, thunder and lightening.
There were many festivals celebrated in ancient India and references of them can be found in the ancient works like Vishnudhetrmottara Purana, and the Bhagavata Purana. This practice was prevalent in Tamil Nadu also. One such festival is known as `Indra Vizha`. The Chola kings whose port-city was Kaveripum-pattinam used to take the responsibility of this festival.
The detailed information on the celebration of `Indra Vizha` festival can be seen in the Tamil epics, the `Silappadikaram` and the `Manimekhalai`. As per the Manimekhalai, the famous sage Agastya helped the people of Kaveripumpattinam during a period of drought. He advised the Chola king Todittol Sembian to celebrate a festival for Indra to please him and then only Indra would bring rain to this city. According to the advice, the king arranged a big festival for the Lord Indra. In return, they got rain in the city and experienced the benefits of this, his successors also continued to celebrate this festival every year. This `Indra Vizha` festival generally continues for a period of twenty-eight days.
The festival usually commenced with a group beating drums and announcing to the people the start of the celebrations. The citizens of the town then cleaned the streets and roads and redecorate the city, with each house being adorned with many decorations. The officials of the kingdom would pay their respects to the king and wish him and the kingdom well. Musical performances would be held and the fire oblations offered in many temples for Siva, Vishnu and other deities. The festival ended with people bathing in the sea with the members of the family. It was generally believed that this festival was actually a prayer to Indra, and would remove the difficulties and dangers to those who celebrate it.’
‘The Sangam literature also records legends about mythical Chola kings.These myths speak of the Chola king Kantaman, a supposed contemporary of the sage Agastya, whose devotion brought the river Kaveri into existence. Two names are prominent among those Chola kings known to have existed who feature in Sangam literature: Karikala Chola and Kocengannan. There are no sure means of settling the order of succession, of fixing their relations with one another and with many other princelings of around the same period.Urayur (now a part of Thiruchirapalli) was their oldest capital. Kaveripattinam also served as an early Chola capital. The Mahavamsa mentions that an ethnic Tamil adventurer, a Chola prince known as Elara, invaded the island around 235 BCE.
Citations and references.