I have been curious about our worship of Lord Rama and Krishna.
Which God did Rama and Krishna worship?
They worshiped Shiva and Devi, apart from performing the Yagnyas prescribed in the Vedas.
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Are there any specific Homas performed by Rama during the Ramayana Period?
Rama seems to have performed Santhi Homa after killing Ravana and returning to Ayodhya.
He also performed a Yagnya at Buxar after His Coronation by marking the Yaagashaala with the tip of His arrow for Lord Shiva .
This is called Ramarekhaghat in Buxar.
Apart from this Rama seems to have performed Chandi Homa to defeat Ravana.
This was performed after Indrajith performed a Secret Yaaga to defeat Rama.
After this Lakshmana was rendered unconscious by Inderjith.
‘Rama had performed “Chandi Homa” and invoked the blessings of Durga, who blessed Rama with secret knowledge of the way to kill Ravana. On the day of Ashvin Shukla Dashami, Rama defeated Ravana and rescued Sita. Thus it is termed as Vijaya Dashami. Based on the inferences from Valmiki’s Ramayana, Kalidas’s Raghuvamsa, Tulsidas’s Ram Charit Manas, and Keshavdas’s Ram Chandra Yas Chandrika as well as common perception in India, Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana returned to Ayodhya on the 30th day of Ashwin (19–20 days after Vijayadashmi). To mark the return of Lord Rama, in the evening, the residents of Ayodhya lit their city with millions of earthen lamps (called Deepak). Since then, this day is celebrated in India as Deepawali’
Benefits of Chandi Homa.
Chandi Homa can aid one in clearing off the obstacles and hurdles on the path to success.
Goddess Durga, the chief deity of this Homa will gift you with the power to balance one’s passion and dispassion, indulgence and denial.
With her blessing, one will be able to manifest your true divine Self that unites selfishness and selflessness.
By performing this Homa, one can invoke the energy of Goddess Durga, who will help you master your life!
Steps in Performing Chandi Homa.
A Chandi Homa is not an ordinary Homa and has to be performed by expert priests.
Duraga Sapthashati will be chanted.
Ganapathy pooja: Prayers are offered to the Lord Ganesha seeking his blessings. Worshipping Lord Ganesha clears all the obstacles and paves way for one’s success. So, before any auspicious beginning, Lord Ganesha is first addressed with pooja and prayers.
Kanya pooja: Kanya Pooja is one of the highlight of the Navaratri celebrations. Kanya pooja is a ritual of worshiping girls (aged 6 – 10) who haven’t attained puberty, symbolizing the Kanya Kumari (prepubescent) form of Goddess Chandi or Durga. This ritual is specially performed to recognize the divine feminine power vested in a girl child.
Anugna Sankalpam: Seeking the consent of the Goddess to perform the Yagna which is a sacred ritual. The ritual specifies for whom, where and when the yagna is performed.
Punyahavachanam: Purifying the mind, body and place before the yagna is performed. Water is sprinkled with mango leaves around the place with the chanting of Mantras.
Kalasa Sthaapana: Kalasa means a pot. It is made of metal and is filled with water and placed with Mango leaves immersed in the water. Pooja is made to this Kalasa invoking the blessings of the goddess.
Saptashati Parayanam: Chanting of Durga Saptashati Slokas (700 sanskrit poems) and worshipping the various forms of the Goddess. Bhairava Bhali (offering): After the chanting of Slokas, offering is made to Lord Bhairava (an incarnation of Lord Shiva) to signify the ritual.
Ganapathy pooja: Prayers are offered to Lord Ganesha before beginning the Yagna
Punyahavachanam: Pooja and mantras are chanted to purify the place and people who are performing the Yagna
Gho pooja: The Sanskrit word Gho means Cow. In Hinduism, Cow is considered to be a holy animal embodied with divine qualities. Pooja and prayers are offered to the cow before the yagna, seeking her blessings for prosperity.
Suhasini Pooja: Worshipping an elderly married woman (whose husband is alive) and performing Pada (traditional foot washing ceremony) pooja to invoke her blessings.
Dampathi pooja: Dampathi means couple. Prayers are offered to an elderly couple with Padha pooja.
Brahmachari pooja: A Brahmachari is an unmarried man. He is held in high esteem in Vedas and Puranas for several reasons. Padha pooja and prayers are offered to a Brahmachari seeking his blessings.
Chandi yagna: The fire ritual is performed with the chanting of Mantras and Slokas.
Sumangala Dravyaahuti: Auspicious materials such as Saree, turmeric, sandalwood powder, kumkum (vermillion) etc. are offered to the Goddess invoked in the Fire.
Purnaahuti: Any Yagna becomes complete only when this ritual is performed. Betel leaves, Betel nuts, Coconut, Kumkum (red colored auspicious powder), Turmeric, Flowers, Fruits, a coin, a small bag of herbs are put together in a silk cloth and tied. The bag is dropped into the fire seeking the blessings of the Almighty.
Maha Deeparadhana: A ritual to honor the Goddess. Lights are lit using camphor and are used to glorify the Goddess. It is also called Aarthi and is performed during the end of the pooja.